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OFFICERS 



OF THF. 



ARMY AND NAVY 



(VOLUNTEER) 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



EDITED BY 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILLIAM H. POWELL, U. S. ARMY. 



PUBLISHED BY 

L. R. HAMERSLY & CO. 

PHILADELPHIA. PA. 
I803. 



No. 



335 



Copyright, 1893, by L. R. Hamersly & Co. 



Printed by J, B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. 



PREFACE. 



Through a sense of justice to those who left their labors and their professions to enter the 
United States Service as Volunteers during the War of the Rebellion, and when peace was 
declared returned again to their accustomed avocations, this publication was conceived by the 
editor, in order that their records and portraits might be handed down to posterity along with 
those of the greatest of American soldiers who won their reputations with the volunteers, — 
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, McClellan, Thomas, Meade, Hancock, and others. 

The volume includes those of Presidents of the United States, Cabinet Officers, Senators, 
Representatives, Ministers Plenipotentiary, Great Railway Magnates, Celebrated Lawyers, and 
gentlemen whose accumulated wealth assures them the title of kings in the financial world, all 
of whom served their country faithfully and well during the Civil War. 

Such an array of illustrious names has never appeared before in any one work ; and, as 
the years accumulate in the age of the Grand Republic, future generations will point with pride 
to their ancestors who took part in preserving it as 

"The land of the free and the home of the brave." 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY 

(VOLUNTEER) 

WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL BENJAMIN HARRISON, 

U.S.V. 

General Benjamin Harrison (President of the United 
States) is the son of fohn Scott Harrison, and grandson 
of General Wm. Henry Harrison, President of the United 
States from March 4 to April 4, 1N41. He was born at 
North Bend, Indiana, in his grandfather's house, August 
20, [833, graduated from Miami University in Class of 
1852; he subsequently passed through a legal course, 
and began practice of law at Indianapolis in 1S54. 

In the early part of the war of the Rebellion, Mr. 
Harrison tendered his services to Governor Morton, of 
Indiana, and the latter authorized him to raise a regi- 
ment. When the regiment was complete, Governor 
Morton voluntarily commissioned Mr. Harrison colonel 
of the Seventieth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers. 

Colonel Harrison's first experience as an independent 
commander was when he was sent on an expedition 
against a body of rebels lodged at Russellville. When 
within about ten miles of the town he was stopped by a 
binned bridge. He made a temporary structure, pushed 
on with his train over the temporary bridge, and arriving 
at a proper point, he with energy attacked the rebel camp. 
The surprise was complete, forty rebels were killed and 
wounded, while only one Union soldier was killed. He- 
captured ten prisoners ami all the horses and arms. 

Colonel Harrison's regiment was brigaded with the 
Seventy-ninth Ohio, the One Hundred and Second, the 
One Hundred and Fifth, and the ( hie Hundred and 
Twenty-ninth Illinois, Brigadier-General Ward com- 
manding; and, what is extraordinary, the organization 
thus effected was kept unchanged to the close of the war. 
From Bowling Green, Colonel Harrison, with his com- 
mand, accompanied the brigade to Scottville, Kentucky, 
and thence to Gallatin, Tennessee, where he was occupied 
guarding the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Four 
months were evenly divided between hunting guerillas and 
drilling his men. The brigade then marched to Lavergne 
and thence to Murfrecsborough ; then it became part of 
Granger's Reserve Corps. On the 2d of January, 1S04.it 
became the First Brigade of the First Division oi the 
Eleventh Army Corps, and Colonel Harrison was placed 
in command of it, General Ward taking the division. 

When General Ward returned to the command of the 




brigade, Colonel Harrison resumed that of his regiment. 
Colonel Harrison participated in the Atlanta campaign, 
and was engaged in the battles of Resaca, where, in 
charging a battery, he was amongst the first to cross the 

fc> £> j ir> 

parapet. He also assisted in the capture of Cassville ; 
was engaged at New Hope Church, and commanded his 
brigade in the engagements at Gilgal Church, Kenesaw 
Mountain, Peach-Tree Creek, and Nashville. After the 
last-named, Colonel Harrison was occupied in the pursuit 
of Hood's army, and through many difficulties pene- 
trated as far as Courtland, Alabama. He was then or- 
dered to report to General Sherman at Savannah. At 
Pocotaligo he was assigned to a brigade, with which he- 
joined Sherman at Goldsborough. 

At the close of the war Colonel Harrison was made 
brevet brigadier-general of volunteers, to date from Jan- 
uary 23, 1865, "for ability and manifest energy and gal- 
lantry in command of the brigade." He was honorably 
mustered out of service at Washington, D. C, on the 
8th day of June, 1865, and at once entered upon his 
duties as reporter of the Supreme Court of the State of 
Indiana. He was elected United States Senator in 1881, 
and held that office for six years. In iSSS General Har- 
rison became the Republican candidate for President of 
the United States. He was duly elected, and took his 
seat March 4. 1889, which position he now holds. 

5 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY ^volunteer) 




GENERAL JAMES ADDAMS BEAVER. 

General Beaver has a Revolutionary ancestry. He 
was born at Millerstown, Pern- County, Pennsylvania, 
in October, 1837, was graduated from Jefferson College 
at Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, in August, [856, and was 
admitted to the bar of Centre County in January, 1859. 

Before the War of Secession he was connected with a 
company of uniformed militia known as the " Bellefonte 
Fencibles." This company responded to the President's 
first call for troops, and reached Harrisburg, April 18, 
1861. It was attached to the Second Regiment, Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and finally became a part of 
Patterson's column in his operations in the Shenan- 
doah Valley. Beaver served as first lieutenant of the 
company. 

lie assisted Colonel Thomas Welsh in raising the 
Forty-fifth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
was mustered, October 18, 1 861, as lieutenant-colonel 
The regiment joined the Army of the Potomac at 
Washington, but was ordered in December to join 
the forces at Port Royal, South Carolina, and was 
there divided so that Beaver was given a separate 
command. 

He had charge of the outposts on Scull Creek and 
Calibogue Sound on Hilton Head Island for several 
months. In July, 1862, the regiment was transferred 
to the Army of the Potomac. 

September 4, 1862, Beaver resigned to accept the 
appointment of colonel of the One Hundred and Forty- 
eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, took command Sep- 
tember 6, and left Harrisburg September 8. His regi- 
ment was posted along the Northern Central Railroad 
during tile Antietam campaign, and remained in that 
position until December 10, 1862, when it was trans- 
ferred to the Rappahannock and became part of the First 
Brigade, hirst Division, Second Corps. 



Colonel Heaver took part with his regiment in the 
battle of Chancellorsville, where he was severely wounded 
through the body. May 3, 1863. 

Whilst suffering from this wound, at the earnest 
request of General Couch, he took command of Camp 
Curtin, in order to organize the troops for the emer- 
gency, which were flocking by the thousand to Harris- 
burg to defend the State from Lee's invasion. 

He joined his regiment after it recrossed the Potomac, 
and participated in Meade's retrograde movement from 
Culpeper Court-House, and in the Mine Run campaign 
during the autumn of [863. The winter was spent near 
Stevensburg, Virginia. 

Before active operations in 1864, his regiment was 
transferred to the Fourth Brigade of the First Division, 
Second Corps. He participated in all the battles of 
the Wilderness campaign, receiving the surrender of 
General Stuart at Spottsylvania, and being slightly 
wounded at Cold Harbor, where he succeeded to the 
command of his brigade. He was severely wounded 
in the first assault upon the works at Petersburg, 
June 1 6, [86 I 

Recovering from this wound in a measure, he returned 
to the army in time to follow his division in an ambu- 
lance, and reached it just as it was receiving the over- 
whelming assault of the enemy at the battle of Ream's 
Station, August 2;, [864. In this battle he received a 
wound in the right thigh, which resulted in an amputa- 
tion at the hip-joint. 

He was brevetted brigadier-general, August I, 1864, 
"lor highly meritorious and distinguished conduct 
throughout the campaign, particularly for valuable 
services at Cold Harbor, while commanding a bri- 
gade." 

The loss of his leg incapacitated him for active 
service, and, declining .1 detail for court-martial duty, 
he was, at his own request, honorably mustered out, 
December 22, 1864, on account of wounds received in 
battle. 

He resumed the practice of his profession, the business 
hav ing been conducted during his absence by his partner, 
Hon. H. N. McAllister. He was the unanimous choice 
of the convention of the Republican party for governor 
of Pennsylvania in 1882, but was defeated by reason of 
.1 division in the party. He was again unanimously 
nominated in 1886, and elected governor of the State 
of Pennsylvania, retiring at the close of a successful 
administration, January, 1891. L T pon his retirement 
from office he became at once actively engaged in 
business, and retains his interest in all vital questions 
affecting the public good. 

He was married, December 26, 1865, to Mary Alli- 
son McAllister. Three sons — Gilbert Addams, Hugh 
McAllister, and Thomas — are living. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



GENERAL UEYSSES S. GRANT, U.S.A. (deceased). 

General Ulysses S. Grant was born at Point Pleas- 
ant, Clermont Count)', ( )hio, April 27 , [822, and graduated 
at the Military Academy July 1, 1843. ' ie was promoted 
brevet second lieutenant of the Fourth Infantry the same 
day, and second lieutenant Fourth Infantry September 30, 
1845. He served first at Jefferson Barracks, and then 
on frontier duty at Natchitoches (Camp Salubrity) in 
1844— 45, and then took part in the military occupation 
of Texas and the war with Mexico, being engaged in the 
battles of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey, 
siege of Vera Cruz, battle of Cerro Gordo, capture of San 
Antonio, battle of Churubusco, battle of Molino del Rey, 
storming of Chapultepec, and assault and capture of the 
City of Mexico. He was regimental quartermaster of 
the Fourth Infantry from April 1, 1847, to July 23, 
1848, and again from September 11, [849, to September 
30, 1853. 

He moved with his regiment to the Pacific coast in 
1852, and was at several different stations, lie was pro- 
moted captain August 5, 1853, but resigned |uly 31, 
1854. 

Upon leaving the army Captain Grant retired to privat 1 
life, and engaged in fanning near St. Louis, Missouri. 
Then he became a real estate agent at St. Louis until 
i860, and subsequently a merchant at Galena, Ohio, 
where he resided at the breaking out of the war of the 
Rebellion. 

Entering the volunteer service he was in command 
of a company in April and May, and assisting in organ- 
izing and mustering volunteers into service until June 
17, 1 861, when he was appointed colonel of the Twenty- 
first Illinois Infantry. His first active service was to 
march on Quincy, Illinois, and then guarding the Han- 
nibal and St. Joe Railroad. He was placed in com- 
mand, first at Ironton, then at Jefferson City, and finally 
of the District of Southwestern Missouri, with head- 
quarters at Cape Girardeau. This command was sub- 
sequently extended to embrace Southern Illinois and 
Western Kentucky. He had, in the mean time, been 
appointed brigadier-general of volunteers, May 17, 
1 861. 

General Grant commenced his operations by first 
seizing Paducah, Kentucky; then Belmont, and then 
invested and captured Fort Donelson, with fourteen 
thousand six hundred and twenty-three prisoners, and 
much material of war. This being the first real Union 
success of the war placed General Grant before the people 
of the country at large as a rising soldier; but many old 
officers who had known him in the regular service 
doubted his ability, and attributed his success on this 
occasion to " luck." He was, however, duly recognized, 
and the appointment of major-general of volunteers was 
conferred upon him, to date from February 16, 1862. 




It would be impossible, in this limited sketch, to 
enumerate the campaigns, battles, and actions in which 
this illustrious general participated. He followed up his 
movements to Shiloh, then was placed in command of 
the District of West Tennessee, and was in immediate 
command of the right wing of General Halleck's army, 
and directed the operations about Corinth, the Hatchie, 
and Iuka. He was in command of the Arm)' of the 
Mississippi, m the Vicksburg campaign, in all its various 
manoeuvres, until he again electrified the country by 
the capture of the city of Vicksburg, Jul)- 4, 1863, with 
stores and garrison of thirty-one thousand five hundred 
men. For this brilliant affair he was made major-general 
of the U. S. Arm\-. 

General Grant was, on the 1 6th of October, 1863, 
placed in command of the Military Division of the 
Mississippi, including the Armies of the Ohio, Cum- 
berland, and Tennessee, and continued his operations 
up to the battle of Chattanooga, for which he received 
the thanks of Congress December 17, 1863, and a gold 
medal. 

On March 17, [864, he was placed in command as 
general-in-chief of the armies of the United States, and 
was called to the Last to supervise the operations of the 
Army of the Potomac, and commenced in the May fol- 
lowing that celebrated campaign on the line which ter- 
minated on the 9th of April, 1865, in the surrender of 
the Army of Northern Virginia, under General Robert 
E. Lee. 

He was by act of Congress made general of the U. S. 
Army |ulv 25, 1866; but resigned this commission on 
March 4, 1 869, having been elected President of the 
United States, and on that day was inaugurated as such. 
After holding this office for eight years, General Grant 
retired to private life, and died at Mount McGregor, near 
Saratoga, New York, July 23, 1885. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (voluni 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN COCHRANE, U.S.V. 

Brigadier-General John Cochrane was born at 
Palatine, Montgomery County, New York, August 27, 
1813. His father was Walter L. Cochran ; grandfather, 

John Cochran, surgeon-general and director of the Mili- 
tary Hospitals of the Army of the Revolution; mother, 
Cornelia W. Smith, daughter of Judge Peter Smith, of 
Peterboro, Madison County, N. V., and only sister of 
Gerrit Smith of the same place; grandmother on the 
paternal side, Gertrude Schuyler, only sister of .Major- 
General Philip Schuyler, of Revolutionary fame; grand- 
father on the maternal side. Judge Peter Smith, above 
named; grandmother on the maternal side, Elizabeth 
Livingston, oldest daughter of Colonel lames Liv- 
ingston of the Army of the Revolution, who, by his 
timely shot, drove the British sloop-of-war " Vulture" 
from her mooring in the North River, thus securing the 
capture of Andre, effecting the discomfiture of Arnold's 
treason, and assuring the safety of West Point, the key 
of the Revolution. 

In [827 General Cochrane entered Hamilton College, 
Clinton, Oneida Count}-, State of New York; in 1831 
was graduated; in [834 admitted to the practice of law 
in the State of Xew York. [846, removed to New York 
City, where he has since continued to reside. 1853, 
United States Surveyor of the port of New York during 
fouryears. 1857-61, representative in Congress from the 
city of New York — two terms. [860, a member of the 
Board ofVisitors to West Point. 1858, deputed by Com- 
mon Council of the city of Xew York to deliver the re- 
mains of James Monroe, Fourth President of the United 
States, to his native State, Virginia. 1 S64, nominated for 
Vice-President of the United States, with General John 
C. Fremont, candidate for President. 1 861, June 11, com- 
missioned to recruit and command a regiment to serve 



during the war. 1861, August 27, regiment embarked 
from Xew York City for Washington. 1861, November 2, 
commissioned by President Abraham Lincoln colonel of 
the First United States Chasseurs, with rank from June 
11, 1 861, and [862, July 19, brigadier «>f U. S. Volun- 
teers, with rank from the 17th of Jul}-, 1862. 1863, 
February 25, resigned because of severe ami serious 
physical disability ; resignation accepted by the Presi- 
dent. Battles, — Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, Antietam, 
Williamsport, and Fredericksburg. [863—65, attorney- 
general of the State of New York. 1 S7 2, May 1. 2. 3, 
at the national convention in Cincinnati of the Liberal 
Republican party, was chiefly instrumental in the nom- 
ination of Horace Greele} for President of the United 
States. [872, president of the Common Council of the 
City of Xew York, and acting-mayor of the city tempo- 
rarily. 1 869, tendered by the President, U S. Grant, the 
mission to Uruguay and Paraguay united; declined. 
1857, member of the Society of the Cincinnati, and now 
vice-president of the Society in the State of Xew York ; 
member of the Chamber of Commerce of Xew York. 
resigned; member of St. Nicholas Society of Xew York, 
resigned ; sachem of Tamilian}- Hall ; member of the 
Historical Society of Xew York, resigned; member of 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and president 
one year of the commandery of the State of Xew York ; 
member of the Grand Ami}- of the Republic, of the 
Society of the Army of the Potomac, and Sons of the 
Revolution. 1870, appointed by the Secretary of the 
Treasury under President U. S. Grant a collector of in- 
ternal revenue for one of the revenue districts of the city 
"I Xew York; declined. 1 889, appointed police justice 
of the city of Xew York for ten years; resigned after 
duty mie year. 1861, November [3, historic speech be- 
fore his regiment in camp near Washington, in the pres- 
ence of and with the approbation of Simon Cameron, 
Secretary of War, first insisting upon the arming of the 
slaves. The contemporary press announced it as the 
" key-note of the war.'' ( )rders in regiments of the rebel 
anil}- were given afterwards not to take Colonel Coch- 
rane prisoner, but to shoot him in battle. April 6, [863, 
came this despatch to the Xew York Tribune: "General 
Thomas (U. S. adjutant-general) appeared at Helena, 
Arkansas, and enlisted slaves anil formed them into bal 
talions under the proclamation of the President, January 
1. 1863." 

While attorney-general of Xew York, General Coch- 
rane discovered that throughout the whole colonial pi 
riod of the seventeenth century the waters now known 
as the Kills and Raritan Bay were known and accepted 
as part of Hudson's River. This discovery of a most 
important historical tact was made known by a paper 
read by the general before the New York Historical 
Society in 1863 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



GENERAL WILLIAM T. SHERMAN, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

General William T. Sherman was born in Ohio Feb- 
ruary 8, 1820, and graduated from the Military Acad- 
emy July 1, 1840. He was promoted second lieutenant 
Third Artillery the same day, and first lieutenant Novem- 
ber 30, 1 84 1. He served in the Florida War, 1840-41 ; 
on duty in various Southern States and in Pennsylvania, 
1842-46; on breaking out of war with Mexico applied 
for duty in the field, and was assigned to Company F, 
Third Artillery, then under orders for California ; he was 
bearer of despatches from General Smith to War Depart- 
ment, and, after six months' leave of absence, joined Com- 
pany C, Third Artillery, at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. 
He was appointed captain and commissary of subsistence 
September 27, 1850, and stationed at St. Louis and New 
Orleans, but resigned from the army September 6, 1853, 
and entered upon a civil career as a banker in San Fran- 
cisco and New York until 1857; was major-general of 
California Militia in 1856; counsellor-at-law at Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, 1858-59 ; superintendent of the La. State 
Seminary of Learning and Military Academy, 1859-61. 

At the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion, he 
was reappointed in the U. S. Army, colonel of the Thir- 
teenth Infantry, May 14, 1861, and brigadier-general of 
volunteers May 17, 1861. He served in the defences of 
Washington, and was in command of a brigade in the 
Army of the Potomac, in the Manassas campaign, until 
July 23, being engaged in the battle of Bull Run, July 
21, 1861. He was then assigned to duty in the Depart- 
ment of the Cumberland until November, i86l,when he 
was transferred for duty to the Department of the Mis- 
souri, and ordered to report to Major-General Halleck at 
St. Louis ; on inspection duty at Sedalia, Missouri, and 
commanding camp of instruction at Benton Barracks, 
Missouri, 1861-62; at post of Paducah, Kentucky, ex- 
pediting and facilitating operations in progress up the 
Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, and organizing a di- 
vision to be commanded by himself; bore a distinguished 
part in the battle of Shiloh and in the operations against 
Corinth ; commanding District of Memphis and an ex- 
pedition against Vicksburg, 1862; assigned to command 
of Fifteenth Army Corps in January, 1863 ; participated 
in capture of Arkansas Post ; took part in operations 
preceding and attending siege of Vicksburg ; assigned to 
command of Department of the Tennessee October 27, 
1863 ; joined his forces to the army under General Grant 
at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and bore a conspicuous part in 
the battle of that name ; moved with great energy to the 
relief of General Burnside at Knoxville, Tennessee, and 
returned to Chattanooga, 1 863 ; made an expedition from 
Vicksburg to Meridian, Mississippi, destroying much rail- 
road and war material thereabouts, and returned to Vicks- 
burg ; assumed command of Military Division of the Mis- 




sissippi March [8, 1864; captured Atlanta, Georgia, and 
made his march to the sea which terminated in the cap- 
ture of Savannah, Georgia, December 21, 1864 ; marched 
northward from Savannah, captured Columbia, South 
Carolina, compelling the evacuation of Charleston ; re- 
pulsed the enemy under General J. E. Johnston at Ben- 
tonville, ami joined his forces with those of General Scho- 
tield at Goldsborough ; moved against General Johnston, 
who, on April 26, 1865, surrendered his army on the 
same terms as had been granted General Lee. 

General Sherman was appointed major-general of vol- 
unteers May 1, 1862, and brigadier-general U. S. Army 
July 4, 1863. He had conferred on him the commission 
of major-general, August I 2, I 864, for " gallant and distin- 
guished services as commander of the Mississippi Division 
in the conduct of the campaign in Georgia," and was fur- 
ther honorably mentioned by Congress in the following 
joint resolution of thanks, February 19, 1864: 

" To Major-General W. T. Sherman and the officers and 
soldiers of the Army of the Tennessee for their gallant and 
arduous services in marching to the relief of the Army of 
the Cumberland, and fir their gallantry and heroism in 
the battle of Chattanooga, which contributed in a great 
degree to the success of our arms in that glorious vic- 
tory." June 10, 1865 : "To Major-General W. T Sher- 
man and officers and soldiers of his command for their 
gallantry and good conduct in their late campaign from 
Chattanooga to Atlanta and the triumphal march thence 
through Georgia to Savannah, terminating in the capture 
and occupation of that city." 

General Sherman, after the war closed, commanded 
several of the most important military divisions, and was 
appointed lieutenant-general U. S. Army July 25, 1866. 
Appointed general of the army March 5, 1869, and re- 
tained that position until retired from active service Feb. 
8, 1884. He died Feb. 14, 1 89 1, at New York City. 



10 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




GENERAL PHILIP HENRY SHERIDAN, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

General Philip Henry Sheridan was born in Al- 
bany, New York, in March, [831. He graduated from 
the U. S. Military Academy in July, 1853. He was ap- 
pointed brevet .second lieutenant of the Third Infantry. 
After serving in Kentucky, Texas, and Oregon, he was 
made second lieutenant of the Fourth Infantry November 
22, 1854, first lieutenant March 1, 1861, and captain 
Thirteenth Infantry May 14, 1861. In December of that 
year was chief quartermaster and commissary of Army 
of Southwest Missouri; served in Mississippi campaign 
from April to September, [862; was appointed colonel 
of the Second Michigan Cavalry May JO, [862; on July 
1 was sent to make a raid on Booneville, Mississippi. 
He did excellent service in pursuit of the enemy from 
Corinth to Baldwin, and in man}- skirmishes during Inl- 
and at battle of Booneville. Appointed brigadier-general 
of volunteers, and on October 1 was placed in command 
of the Eleventh 1 (ivision of the Army of the ( )hio. He- 
was distinguished for his services at Perryville on Octo- 
ber 8, having driven back the enemy. 

He marched with arm}- to relief of Nashville, October 
and November. Was placed in command of Army of 
Cumberland, and took part in the two days' battle of Stone 
River, December 31, [862, and January 3, [863. Divi- 
sion after division was driven back by Bragg's army until 
Sheridan was reached, and the fate of the day seemed to 
be in his hands. He resisted vigorously, then advanced, 
and drove the enemy back ; held the overwhelming force 
in check, and retired only at the point of the bayonet. 
This brilliant work enabled General Rosecrans to form 
new lines in harmony with his overpowered right. He 
was appointed major-general of volunteers, to date from 
December 31, [862. Was with army crossing Cum- 
berland Mountains and Tennessee River, August and 



September 6, and in battle of Chickamauga, September 
1 9 and 20. At this battle he rendered valuable assistance 
to General Thomas, when a gap occurred in the centre of 
his line through the misconception of an order. Took 
part in the battles of Lookout Mountain and Missionary 
Ridge. In this latter action he first attracted the atten- 
tion of General Grant, who saw that he might be one ot 
his most useful lieutenants in the future. 

He was transferred to Virginia by Grant, and on April 
4, 1N64, placed in command of Cavalry Corps of Army 
ot Potomac, all the cavalry being consolidated to form 
that command. He took part in the bloody battle of the 
Wilderness, May 5 and 6, 1864, being constantly engaged 
in raids against the enemy's flanks and rear. His fight 
at Todd's Tavern was an important aid to the movements 
ol the army, and his capture of Spottsylvania Court- 
House added to his reputation for dash and daring. 
Was in battle of Cold Harbor on May 31 and June 3. 
After cutting the Virginia Central and Richmond and 
Fredericksburg Railroads, capturing five hundred pris- 
oners, he joined the Arm}- of the Potomac for a short 
period, and took part in their battles till the end of July. 
In August, 1S64, he was placed in command of the Army 
of the Shenandoah. On the 19th of September Sheridan 
drove Early's arm}- through Winchester and captured 
five thousand prisoners and five guns. Early, on Octo- 
ber 19, attacked Sheridan's arm}-. They gave way, and 
soon the whole arm}- was in retreat. Sheridan had been 
in Washington, and at this juncture had just returned to 
Winchester, twenty miles from the field. Hearing the 
sound of the battle, he rode rapidly and arrived on the 
field at ten o'clock. As he rode up, he shouted, "Face 
the other way, boys ; we are going back." A succession 
ot attacks was made, and Early's army was driven back 
as far as Mount Jackson. The Confederates lost in the 
campaign sixteen thousand nine hundred and fifty-two 
killed or wounded and thirteen thousand prisoners. Be- 
tween Feb. 2~ and March 24, [865, he conducted, with 
ten thousand cavalry, a colossal raid from Winchester 
to Petersburg. His battle of Five Forks was one of the 
most brilliant and decisive of the engagements of the war, 
and compelled Lee's evacuation of Petersburg and Rich- 
mond, leaving in Sheridan's hands six thousand prisoners. 

After the war Sheridan had command of several of 
the departments. In 1 S6j he conducted a winter cam- 
paign against the Indians. In 1S70 he visited Europe 
to witness the Franco-Prussian war. ( )n the retire- 
ment of Sherman in 1883, he was made lieutenant-gen- 
eral. In May, iSSS, while he was ill. President Cleve- 
land signed a bill commissioning him a full general, and 
on August 5, iSSS, he died. Sheridan never was de- 
feated, and often plucked victor}- out of the jaws of 
defeat. 1 le bore the nickname of " Little Phil ;" he was 
below middle height and powerfully built. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



ii 



MAJOR-GENERAL NELSON A. MILES, U.S.A. 

Major-General Nelson A. Miles was born in Mas- 
sachusetts August 8, 1839. He entered the volunteer 
service during the war of the Rebellion as captain of 
the Twenty-second Massachusetts Infantry September 9, 
1 861, from which he was honorably mustered out May 
31, 1862, to accept the lieutenant-colonelcy of the Sixty- 
first New York Infantry. 

He was promoted colonel of the same regiment Sep- 
tember 30, 1862; appointed brigadier-general of volun- 
teers May 12, 1864, and major-general of volunteers 
October 21, 1865. 

General Miles served in the Army of the Potomac 
during the Manassas, Peninsular, Northern Virginia, 
Maryland, Rappahannock, Pennsylvania, Mine Run, 
Wilderness, Petersburg, and Appomattox campaigns, and 
was engaged in all the battles of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, with one exception, up to the surrender of General 
Lee, with the Confederate Army, at Appomattox Court- 
House, April 9, 1865, and was wounded three times 
during the war. 

He was honorably mustered nut of the volunteer ser- 
vice September 1, 1866, having been appointed colonel 
of the Fortieth U. S. Infantry July 28, 1866, and he was 
brevetted brigadier-general, March 2, 1867, for "gallant 
and meritorious services in the battle of Chancellorsville, 
Virginia," and brevet major-general, March 2, 1867, for 
" gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Spott- 
sylvania, Virginia." He was also brevetted major-general 
of volunteers, August 25, 1864, for "highly meritorious 
and distinguished conduct throughout the campaign, and 
particularly for gallantry and valuable services at the 
battle of Ream's Station, Virginia." 

General Miles's service since the war has been of note, 
to which man>- of the nomadic tribes of the great West 
could readily testify. He was transferred to the Fifth 
Infantry as colonel March 15, 1869, and joined that regi- 
ment shortly afterwards, making a history for it in the 
annals of the country. He defeated the Cheyenne, 
Kiowa, and Comanche Indians on the borders of the 
Staked Plains in 1875, and in 1876 subjugated the hostile 
Sioux and other Indians in Montana, driving Sitting Bull 
across the Canada frontier, and breaking up the bands 
that were led by him and by Crazy 1 forse, Lame Deer, 
Spotted Eagle, Broad Trail, Hump, and others. In Sep- 
tember he captured the Nez Perces, under Chief Joseph, 
in Northern Montana, and in 1878 captured a band of 
Bannocks near the Yellowstone Park. After a difficult 
campaign against the Apaches under Geronimo and 
Natchez, he compelled those chiefs to surrender on Sep- 
tember 4, 1886. He deemed it advisable, in the interest 




of the future tranquillity of the Indians, to accept a con- 
ditional surrender from Geronimo, agreeing that neither 
the chief nor any of his lieutenants should suffer death 
for their part in the crimes. 

He received the thanks of the Legislatures of Kansas, 
Montano, New Mexico, and Arizona for services in cam- 
paigns against the Indians in the West, and the citizens 
of Arizona presented him a sword of honor at Tucson 
on November 8, 18S7, in the presence of a large gather- 
ing of citizens of the Territory. 

General Miles was appointed a brigadier-general in the 
U. S. Army December 15, 1880, and was assigned to the 
command of the Department of the Columbia; from this 
he was transferred to command the Department of the 
Missouri in July, 1S85. In April, 1886, he was ordered 
to command the Department of Arizona, and he remained 
in that department until ordered to command the Divi- 
sion of the Pacific in 1888. He was appointed major- 
general U. S. Army April 11, 1890, and ordered to 
command the Military Division of the Missouri at 
Chicago, but when the divisions were discontinued, 
General Miles was assigned to the command of the 
Department of the Missouri, whose limits had been 
somewhat extended. 

In the winter of 1 890-9 1, a Sioux war of considerable 
magnitude seemed imminent. The whole Sioux nation, 
inspired by ghost-dances and the talk of affected tribes 
in their midst, was prepared for war. General Miles took 
the field in person, and proceeded to Pine Ridge Agency, 
the scene of the greatest trouble. By his thoughtful 
disposition of troops and clear judgment, a serious war 



was averted ; 
noble lives. 



not, however, without the loss of a few 



12 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL WILLIAM HENRY 
BROWNE. U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Wili i km Henry Browne, 
while a minor and a member of the regiment since farm pus 
as the Seventh New York National Guard, became second 
lieutenant of New York Volunteers. He was engaged 
in the bombardment of Vera Cruz, the battles of Cerro 
Gordo, Contreras, Molino del Rev, the storming of Cha- 
pultepec, and the taking of the City of Mexico. His State 
b revetted him first lieutenant and captain for " gallant and 
distinguished services in the late war with Mexico." Gen- 
eral Scott wrote of him, " Served with me with honor 
in Mexico." He received medals and other testimonials 
from the city of New York and other sources. 

Having resumed studies and become a member of the 
bar, he was selected as a candidate for a judgeship. Gen- 
eral Scott thus wrote of him : " Mr. Browne, my gallant 
brother-soldier in the campaign of Mexico, I am happy 
to say, unites legal requirements and high moral worth 
to the distinctions won on fields of battle." 

He was among the first to raise troops in [861. He- 
did so principally at his own expense, never making a 
claim for reimbursement. But a majority of his com- 
panies were assigned to other regiments than his own. 
Left with only a battalion, he became lieutenant-colonel 
of the Thirty-first Regiment (infantry). He commanded 
it at the battle of First Bull Run (his colonel command- 
ing a brigade), and was engaged at siege of Yorktown, 
battles of West Point, Golding's Farm, Savage Station, 
Charles City Cross- Roads, and Malvern Hill, command- 
ing his regiment for the greater part of the time during 
the Seven Days' battles, the colonel having been severely 
wounded. He became colonel of the Thirty-sixth New 
York (infantiy), with rank from July 6, 1862. During 



the battle of Antietam he commanded a mixed brigade 
of cavalry, artillery, and infantiy ; and was engaged in 
the first and second battles of Fredericksburg and Salem 
Heights. While commander of the Second Brigade, 
Third Division, Sixth Corps, he was severely wounded, 
and thereby confined to his bed for sixteen weeks. He- 
was especially commended for skill and gallantry. (" Re- 
port on Conduct of the War," 1865, Vol. I., p. 10S.) 

General Sedgwick thus wrote: . . . " Express my admi- 
ration for the ability as an officer, the high attainments 
as a gentleman, and the soldierly qualities which have 
marked your career. ... Of your gallantry and un- 
daunted bravery on the occasion of storming the heights 
of Fredericksburg, while at the head of your brigade, 
and subsequently on the hotly-contested field of Salem 
Heights, where you received your agonizing wound, I 
cannot speak with too much praise. The bravery of the 
soldier, the skill of the officer, and the courage of the 
gentleman were so happily blended that your conduct on 
that day afforded a noble example, the memory of which 
must long live in the hearts of all your friends and com- 
rades." Many other testimonials from distinguished gen- 
erals, and covering his whole time of service, are on 
file. 

Disabled from active field-duty, he was appointed col- 
onel of the Veteran Reserve Corps and confirmed by the 
Senate. Examined by a board of officers, all his seniors 
in commission, lie was awarded the highest "degrees of 
attainment" on all points, — field-service, capacity- for his 
commission, general education and intelligence, industry, 
knowledge of tactics, etc., discipline, and attention to 
duty, — the report ending thus, "and is a fit subject for 
recommendation for promotion." 

The reason stated for not sending him to the front as 
a general was that he was too severely wounded. Never- 
theless, he was assigned to command six regiments, al- 
though junior colonel (act of April 4, [862); was placed 
in charge of Maryland and Delaware as assistant to the 
provost-marshal-general of the army, as chief mustering 
and disbursing officer and superintendent of volunteer 
recruiting. The position required peculiar tact, discrimi- 
nation, and address, especially in enforcing drafts. For 
effect and public safety it was necessary- not to contradict 
the erroneous belief that the conscription was rigorously 
enforced, when, in truth, thousands drafted were already 
within the enemy's lines. 

On the reorganization of the army he was appointed 
to the permanent establishment, but declined. Ever since 
then he has been a practising lawyer in Washington, D. C. 
As author of legal works — notably, a "Treatise on 
Trade-Marks and Analogous Subjects" — he is well 
known to bench and bar. His Alma Mater, the Uni- 
versity of the City of New - York, has conferred on him 
the highest honorary degree, LL.D. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



13 



MAJOR-GENERAL WINFIELD S. HANCOCK, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

Major-General Winfield S. Hancock was born in 
Pennsylvania, and graduated from the U. S. Military 
Academy July I, 1844. He was assigned to the Sixth 
Infantry as brevet second lieutenant July 1, 1844, and 
served on frontier duty at Fort Towson, Indian Territory, 
1844-45, and at Fort Washington, Indian Territory, 
1845-47. Promoted second lieutenant Sixth Infantry 
July 1, 1846. He participated in the war with Mexico, 
1847-48, being engaged with the defence of convoy at the 
National Bridge August 12, 1847; the skirmish at Place 
del Rio August 15, 1847; the capture of San Antonio 
August 20, 1847; the battle of Churubusco August 20, 
1847; the battle of Molino del Rey September 8, 1847, 
and the assault and capture of the City of Mexico Sep- 
tember 13-14, 1847. 

He was brevetted first lieutenant, August 20, 1847, f° r 
gallant and meritorious conduct in the battles of Contre- 
ras and Churubusco, Mexico. He was promoted first 
lieutenant Sixth Infantry January 2J, 1853, and from 
June 19 to November 27, 1855, he was on duty at head- 
quarters Department of the West. He was appointed 
captain and assistant quartermaster November 7, 1855, 
and was with troops at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 
quelling the Kansas disturbances in 1857; was with the 
head-quarters of the Utah reinforcements in 1858, and 
with the Sixth Infantry on the march from Fort Bridger, 
Utah, to California, the same year. 

He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers Sep- 
tember 23, 1 86 1, and served during the war of the 
Rebellion, participating in the defence of Washington, 
D. C, and in the Virginia Peninsular campaign, Army of 
the Potomac ; being engaged in the siege of Yorktown ; 
in the battles of Williamsburg, Chickahominy, Golding's 
Farm, Savage Station, and White Oak Swamp. He 
conducted the retreat to Harrison's Landing July 1-4, 
and the movement to Centreville, Virginia, August to 
September, 1862. Was in the Maryland campaign, Army 
of the Potomac, being- engaged in the battles of Cramp- 
ton's Pass, South Mountain, and Antietam. He conducted 
the reconnoissances from Harper's Ferry to Charleston, 
Virginia, October 10-11, and the march to Falmouth, 
Virginia, October to November, 1862. 

He was appointed major-general of U. S. Volunteers 
November 29, 1862. During the Rappahannock cam- 
paign he was engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg 
and Chancellorsville, and in the Pennsylvania cam- 
paign was in command of Second Corps of the Army 
of the Potomac, being engaged in the battle of Gettys- 
burg, where he was severely wounded in the repulse of 
Longstreet's attack upon the left centre, which he com- 
manded. 




The thanks of Congress were tendered him May 30, 
1866, "for his gallant, meritorious, and conspicuous share 
in the great and decisive victory." 

He was promoted major and quartermaster U. S. Army 
November 30, 1863. Commanded and recruited Sec- 
ond Army Corps, January to March, 1864, and par- 
ticipated in the Richmond campaign, commanding Sec- 
ond Corps of the Army of the Potomac, being en- 
gaged in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
North Anna, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, and operations 
in its vicinity; and the battle before Petersburg June 
16-18, 1864. 

During the operations in the vicinity of Petersburg, he 
was in command of the Second Corps Army of the 
Potomac, and engaged in the battles of Deep Bottom, 
Ream's Station, Boydton Plank Road, and the siege of 
Petersburg, Virginia, June 15 to Nov. 26, 1864. He 
was promoted brigadier-general U. S. Army .August 12, 
1 864. 

From November 27. 1864, to February 27, 1865, he 
was at Washington, D. C, organizing the First Army 
Corps of Veterans, and from February 27 to July 18, 
1865, he was in command of Department of West Vir- 
ginia, and temporarily of the Middle Division and Army 
of the Shenandoah. 

He was brevetted major-general U. S. Army Novem- 
ber 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services at the 
battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia. He was in command 
.>f tlie Middle Department from July 18, 1865, to Au- 
gust 10, 1866, and of the Department of Missouri from 
August 20, 1866. During part of 1S67 he was engaged 
in an expedition against the Indians on the Plains. 

General Hancock commanded also for man}- years the 
Department of the East, and was a candidate for the 
Presidency of the United States in 1S80. He died Feb- 
ruary 9, 1886. 



■4 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL THEODORE RUN YON, U.S.V. 

Brigadier General Theodore Runyon is a native of 
New Jersey, which State, throughout the war of the 
Rebellion, as is well known, was true to its history and 
tradition, (distinguished as they were) for patriotic devo- 
tion. It was among the very fust to respond to the call 
of President Lincoln for seventy-five thousand men, and 
its response was not only made promptly, but in a verj 
substantial and effective manner. The troops it furnished 
under that requisition con :tituted a well-equipped brigade 
(il four regiments, and were the first which, as a brigade, 
went forth to the defence of the threatened capital of the 
nation, and they rendered \ cry important service at a very 
critical time in the history of the country. They were 
among the first defenders. The brigade referred to was 
commanded by General Theodore Runyon. It was sub- 
sequently increased by the addition of some of the regi- 
ments .it three year.' men which constituted the next 
levy of the State. In the Army of Northeast Virginia, 
which was organized by General McDowell in fuly, 1861, 
for his intended forward movement and was commanded 
by him, General Runyon commanded the Fourth Divi- 
sion, which was composed of the New Jersey troops and 
troops from New York and Pennsylvania, and for his 
services rendered in that position, at the time of the fust 
battle of Bull Run, he received special commendation 
from General Mi Dowell for his zeal and efficiency in 
commanding the division "during the advance towards 
Manassas Junction;" General McDowell adding that his 
efforts were of "great service to the army and the people." 
The value ol his service was also recognized by President 



Lincoln, and in [862, after the expiration of his term, he 
was honored by his State with the brevet rank of major- 
general, conferred on him pursuant to special resolution 
of the Legislature, for "efficient and meritorious services 
in tlie held." In the memorable passage of the Federal 
forces from Washington into Virginia, the troops under 
his command constructed the extensive fortification Fort 
Runyon, which was called by his name. 

General Runyon has always lived in New Jersey. He 
is of Huguenot descent, and his family is one of the very 
oldest in the State, — the ancestor, Vincent Rongneon, of 
Poictiers, France, having settled there over two hundred 
and twenty-five years ago. He is a graduate of Yale, of 
the same class with Chief-Justice Peters, of Maine, and 
he has been honored with the degree of LL.D., not only 
by that university, but by Rutgers College and Wesleyan 
University. He was admitted to the bar of New fersey 
in [846, and entered upon the practice of his profession 
in the city of Newark, where he has ever since resided. 
He has held many civil and military offices in the State, 
lie has been city attorney, and city counsel and mayor 
of Newark; was appointed by the governor a member 
of a commission to revise and codify the militia laws of 
the State; was commissioned brigadier-general of militia 
in 1857; in 1 S60 was one of the Presidential electors, 
and in 1 Sf 1 1 was appointed, as already appears, briga- 
dier-general of the New [ersey Volunteers. 

In [863 the rifle companies of the State were organized 
into a brigade, and he was elected to command it, and did 
so accordingly; and when the National Guard of the 
State was organized he was appointed major-general 
commanding it, and he held that office until he was 
appointed chancellor of the State in 1873, — so that he 
held the offices of brigadier-general and major-general 
for sixteen years, and during the latter part of the time 
commanded the entire military force of the State. He 
was the first president of the Manufacturers' National 
Hank of Newark, and held his office until he became 
chancellor, when he resigned it. He held the high office 
oi chancellor of New Jersey for the unprccedcntcdly long 
period of fourteen years, — two terms of seven years each ; 
one term by appointment of Governor Parker, and the 
other by appointment of Governor McClellan. As chan- 
cellor he was the head of the judiciary of the State, and 
was not only the Court of Chancery, but was president 
ot the Court of Errors and Appeals in the last resort in 
all causes; was judge of the Prerogative Court, the 
highest court of probate, and a member of the Court of 
Pardons. At the close of his service as chancellor he 
returned to the practice of his profession, in which he is 
still engaged. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



15 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL CHARLES M. BETTS, U.S.V. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles M. Betts (Fifteenth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry), son of John and Sarah C. Betts, 
was born in Bucks Count)-, Pennsylvania, August 9, 1838. 
His boyhood life was passed on the farm of his father and 
in attending school at Loller Academy, Hatboro', Pa. 
Having a taste for commercial life, after a term at Gum- 
mere's School, Burlington, New Jersey, he entered the 
employ of a wholesale lumber firm in Philadelphia in the 
year 1856. Soon after the breaking out of the Civil War 
he joined one of the military companies forming for home 
defence, and was commissioned first lieutenant by Gover- 
nor Curtin. In November, 1 861, resigning the clerkship 
previously held, he went to Alexandria, Virginia, and 
secured a position as chief clerk in the Quartermaster's 
Department of General Franklin's division, and partici- 
pated in the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac until 
the close of the Seven Days' battles in front of Richmond, 
Virginia. At the call of the President for three hundred 
thousand more troops, feeling that duty required him to 
take a more active part in the suppression of the Rebel- 
lion, he resigned his position and returned to Philadelphia, 
when, August 12, 1S62, he enlisted as a private in the 
(Anderson) Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, then forming. 
He was with a portion of that command at the battle of 
Antietam, after which the regiment was transferred to 
Louisville, Kentucky, when he was made first sergeant of 
Company F. Soon after the regiment was sent to Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, and with some three hundred of its 
members he participated in the battle of Stone River 
under General Rosecrans. 

At the reorganization of the regiment March 1, 1863, 
he was commissioned captain of Company F, and given 
the command of a battalion, as no major was commis- 
sioned after the reorganization until May, 1 864. In a fight 
with the Cherokee Indians near Gatlinsburg, Fast Ten- 
nessee, he was wounded in the left arm December 10, 1863. 
In May, 1864, a commission of major was given him, and 
at the opening of the campaign of 1865 he was made 
lieutenant-colonel, and given the active command of the 
regiment, Colonel W. J. Palmer having been promoted to 
brevet brigadier-general. He took an active part in all 
the movements of the regiment, except when on leave of 
absence from his wound, ami with the column of Stoneman 
participated in the exciting campaigns through the western 
part of the Carolinas, and with his regiment, when looking 
for the trail of Jefferson Davis, made an important capture, 
which is spoken of in General Palmer's report as follows : 
" On the morning of the 8th instant, while searching for 
Davis near the forks of the Appalachee and Oconee 
Rivers, Colonel Betts, Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, cap- 
tured seven wagons hidden in the woods, which contained 
one hundred and eighty-eight thousand dollars in coin, 
and one million five hundred and eighty-eight thousand 




dollars in bank-notes, bonds, etc., of various Southern 
States, ami about four million dollars of Confederate 
money, besides considerable specie, plate, and other valu- 
ables belonging to private citizens in Macon. . . . The 
wagons also contained the private baggage, maps, and 
official papers of Generals Beauregard and Pillow." In 
closing his report of the exciting chase, General Palmer 
says : " I desire to recommend for honorable mention and 
promotion Lieutenant-Colonel Charles M. Betts, com- 
manding Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, for gallant con- 
duct in charging and capturing a South Carolina battalion 
of cavalry, w ith its c< immanding officer, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Johnson, in front of Greensboro', X. C, on the morning of 
April 1 1, [865 ; also for thoroughly preserving the disci- 
pline of his regiment on an active campaign, dining which 
the troops were compelled to live exclusively on the 
country." for the action at Greensboro', N. C, he has 
lately received a medal of honor, in accordance with the 
Act of Congress approved March 3, 1863. 

Colonel Betts was mustered out of service with his 
regiment June 21, 1865, and has since achieved success 
in the wholesale lumber business, having been for nearly 
twenty-five years a member of the firm of Taylor & Betts, 
and since [890 the senior of the firm of Charles M. Betts 
& Co., at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Buffalo, New 
York. He is a member of the Pennsylvania Commandery, 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and served three 
years in the council of that body. He takes an active in- 
terest in G. A. R. matters, and is past commander of Post 
2, Philadelphia. He was one of the incorporator, of 
the Lumbermen's Plxchange, Philadelphia, serving as a 
director in that organization, and its president in the year 
1890. 

On May 3, 1866, he was married to Louisa G. Hance. 
Four sons and one daughter are the result of this union. 



i6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {.volunteer) 




BRFVET BRIGADIER-GHNHRAL JAMES BIDDLE, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General James Biddle was born 
at Philadelphia, Pa., December n. [832, and is the son 
of Edward R. Biddle and Eliza T. Davis, his wife. Ed- 
ward R. was the sun of Colonel Clement Biddle, deputy 
quartermaster-general U. S. Army during the Revolu- 
tion, and his wife, Rebecca Cornell, daughter ol the 
governor of Rhode Island. 

lie was appointed first lieutenant and regimental quar- 
termaster Tenth X. Y. Vols., May 2, 1861, and went to 
Fortress Monroe with his regiment ; was appointed captain 
in the Fifteenth L*. S. Infantry, honorably mustered out of 
the volunteer service August 51, [861, ami accepted cap- 
taincy September 1, 186] ; was appointed colonel of the 
Sixth Indiana Cavalry, by the governor of Indiana, No- 
vember II, 1862, lor services rendered with that regi- 
ment at the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, and was 
brevetted major C. S. Army for services in the same 
battle. He served at [ndianapolis with his regiment, and 
in pursuit of the rebel General John Morgan in his raid 
into Indiana and Ohio; shelled Brandenburg, Kentucky, 
from the steamer on which his men were, while Morgan's 
men were in that town crossing the river. He went with 
his regiment into East Tennessee with General Burnside, 
and was engaged at the battle of Campbell's Station, in 
command of a provisional brigade attached to the Ninth 
Army Corps. He was mentioned complimentary for 
gallantry ami efficient service by General Potter, com- 
manding the corps. (See " Rebellion Records.") 

General Piddle was engaged in the action of Bull's 
Gap, East Tennessee, and the siege of Knoxville; was 
in many little skirmishes in East Tennessee, accounts ol 
which appear in the " Rebellion Records." After the 
siege of Knoxville, he went to Mount Sterling, Kentucky, 
to remount his command, and was placed in command 



of the Second Division Cavalry Command, Twenty-third 
Army Corps. After serving in Kentucky for a short 
time, he was ordered to report to General Stoneman to 
proceed to and join General Sherman at Dalton, at which 
point he was placed in command of the First Brigade of 
Stoneman's cavalry, belonging to the Twenty-third Army 
Corps, and took part in all the principal engagements 
and many small skirmishes up to and including Atlanta. 
He then participated with General Stoneman on his rani 
to till' interior of the Confederacy, and was captured with 
one regiment of his brigade while holding the rear-guard, 
after turning back from Macon, Georgia, when the com- 
mand was unable to cross the river. I Ie was held a pris- 
oner for over two months at Macon and Charleston, 
South Carolina, where he was placed under fire of our 
own batteries. He had a special exchange, and rejoined 
his regiment at Chattanooga, Tennessee, from which 
place he went to Nashville, where he was placed in com- 
mand of the Second Brigade, Sixth Division Cavalry 
Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi, and was on 
the extreme right of the line in command of his brigade 
at the battle of Nashville and the pursuit of the rebel 
General Hood for several days. 

He was brevetted lieutenant-colonel U. S. Army for 
gallant and meritorious services at this battle, and was 
honorably mustered out of the volunteer service June 
29, 1865. He was brevetted as brigadier-general 13th of 
March, 1865, for long, gallant, and meritorious services 
during the war. General Piddle then rejoined the Fif- 
teenth U. S. Infantry, as captain, in July, 1S65, and as- 
sisted in the reconstruction of the South till November, 
18/O. He was transferred to the 'Twenty-fourth Infantry 
Sept. 21, 1 866; again transferred to the Eleventh Infan- 
try April 25, 1869, and finally transferred to the cavalry 
arm and assigned to the First Cavalry Jan. I, 1871. He 
served in the Modoc War under Generals Canby and Gil- 
lam till April, 1873; was appointed major in the Sixth 
Cavalry February 21, 1873, while in the Lava Beds. 

( ieneral Biddle was in General Miles's expeditii m against 
the Cheyennes, Kiowas,and Comanches in Northwestern 
Texas and the staked plains, 1875-76 ; was appointed act- 
ing assistant inspector-general, Department of .Arizona, 
April IO, 1876, and served as such till Nov. 4, 1880, 
when he was placed in command of troops in the field 
in that department and acted against hostile Chirachua 
Apaches ; went with General Crook mi his march into 
Mexico after .Apaches, and had command of the reserve 
on the border of Mexico. He was then ordered with his 
regiment to New Mexico, and with a battalion of the 
Sixth Cavalry drove Geronimo and the Chirachua out 
of New Mexico. He was then ordered to Port Meyer, 
Va. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel Fifth Cav- 
alry, Oct. 19, 1887, and colonel Ninth Cavalry July 1, 
1 891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



17 



ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF WAR LEWIS A. GRANT. 

Assistant Secretary of War Lewis A. Grant was 
mustered into the service of the United States September 
16, 1 86 1, at St. Albans, Vermont, as major with the field 
and staff, Fifth Vermont Infantry Volunteers, to serve for 
three years ; was mustered in as lieutenant-colonel, same 
regiment, to date September 25, 1 86 1 ; as colonel, same 
regiment, to date September 16, 1862. The regiment 
was assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and partici- 
pated in the advance of that army in the spring of 1862. 
During his service with the Fifth Vermont Infantry Vol- 
unteers, that regiment took part in the following battles: 
Yorktown, Virginia, April 4 and May 4, 1862 ; Williams- 
burg, Virginia, May 5, 1862; Golding's Farm, Virginia, 
June 28, 1862; Savage Station, Virginia, June 29, 1862; 
White Oak Swamp, Virginia, June 30, 1862 ; Crampton's 
Gap, Maryland, September 14, 1862; Antietam, Mary- 
land, September 17, 1862, and Fredericksburg, Virginia, 
December 13-14, 1862. 

He was honorably discharged as colonel to date May 
20, 1864, to enable him to accept an appointment as 
brigadier-general of volunteers. He was appointed brig- 
adier-general U. S. Volunteers April 2j, 1864; accepted 
appointment May 21,1 864. 

He commanded the Second Brigade, Second Division, 
Sixth Army Corps, from February 21, 1863, to Decem- 
ber 29, 1 863 ; from February 2, 1 864, to September 29, 
1864, and from October 8, 1864, to December 2, 1864; 
the Second Division, Sixth Corps, from December 2, 
1864, to February 11, 1865 ; the Second Brigade, same 
division, from February '11, 1865, to February 20, 1865, 
and from March 7, 1865, to June 28, 1865. 

The following is a list of the battles in which he par- 
ticipated as a brigade or division commander : Freder- 
icksburg and Salem Heights, Virginia, May 3 to 5, 1863 ; 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 2 and 3, 1863; Fairfield, 
Pennsylvania, July 5, 1863 ; Rappahannock Station, Vir- 
ginia, November 8, 1863; Mine Run, Virginia, Novem- 
ber 27, 1S63; Wilderness, Virginia, May 5 to 7, 1864; 
Spottsylvania Court-House, Virginia, May 8 to 21, 1864; 
Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1 to 12, 1864; siege of 
Petersburg, Virginia, June iS to July 10, 1864; Charles- 
town, Virginia, August 21, 1864; Gilbert's Crossing, 
Virginia, September 13, 1864; siege of Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, December, 1864, to April, 1865 ; assault on Peters- 
burg, Virginia, April 2, 1865 ; Sailor's Creek, April 6, 
1865. 




At the close of the war General Grant was hon- 
ored with the commission of brevet major-general U. S. 
Volunteers, to date from October 19, 1864, "for gallant 
and meritorious services in the present campaign before 
Richmond, Virginia, and in the Shenandoah Valley ;" 
and was honorably discharged the service August 24, 
1865. Under the provisions of the act of Congress ap- 
proved June 3, 1884, and the acts amendatory thereof, he- 
is considered as commissioned to the grade of major 
Fifth Vermont Volunteers, to take effect from September 
7, 1 86 1, to fill an original vacancy. 

He was recommended August 22, 1866, by General 
U. S. Grant, commanding the army of the United States, 
for appointment as a field-officer in the regular army ; 
was appointed August 29, 1866, lieutenant-colonel Thirty- 
sixth Regiment U.S. Infantry, to date from July 28, 1866, 
and declined the appointment November 6, 1866. 

General Grant's field services were with or in command 
of the celebrated Vermont brigade whose fighting quali- 
ties were so well known in the Army of the Potomac, 
and whose soldierly dependence was of such character 
that it was transferred, with the regular division of the 
Army of the Potomac, in August, 1863, to New York 
City, to assist in quelling the riots occasioned there by 
the draft for men. As soon as this duty was completed, 
the troops were, in the fall of the same year, transferred 
to the field with the Army of the Potomac. 

General Grant was appointed Assistant Secretary of 
War in 1890, which office he now holds. 



i8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE, U.S.A. (deceased). 

Ambrose E. Burnside was born in Indiana, and 
graduated from the Military Academy Jul}- i, 1847. He 
was promoted brevet second lieutenant Second Artil- 
lery the same day, and second lieutenant of the Third 
Artillery September 8, [847. He served in the City of 
Mexico during the winter of [847—48, and when peace 
had been established with that republic he was stationed 
at Fort Adams, Rhode Island, from which point he was 
ordered to Las Vegas, New Mexico, and was engaged 
in a skirmish there with Jacarillo Apache Indians, 
August 23, 1849, in which he was wounded. During 
the years 1S50-51 he was at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri ; 
he was with the Mexican Boundary Commission from 
April, 1 85 I, to March 16, [852. 

He was promoted first lieutenant December 12, 1851, 
and was at Fort Adams in [852—53, and resigned Oc- 
tober 2, 1853. 

After leaving the army he became a manufacturer of 
fire-arms at Bristol, Rhode Island, from [853 to 1858. 
He was major-general of Rhode Island militia in [855—57. 
He invented the Burnside breech-loading rifle in [856, 
and was member of the Board of Visitors to the Military 
Academy the same year. He was cashier of the Land 
Department of the Illinois Central Railroad Company in 
[858-59, and treasurer of the same railroad in 1860-61. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion 
he was appointed colonel of Rhode Island Volunteers 
May 2, [861, and served in defence of Washington in 
Patterson's operations about Cumberland, Maryland, and 
participated in the Manassas campaign, being engaged in 
the first battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. He was 
mustered out of service August 2, [861. 

On the 6th of August, [861, he was appointed brig- 
adier-general of volunteers, and served in command of 



Provisional Brigade near Washington, and was then 
employed in organizing a Coast Division at Annapolis, 
Maryland, to January 8, 1862. 

General Burnside was then placed in command of the 
Department of North Carolina, and was engaged in the 
battle and capture of Roanoke Island; attack of New- 
Berne, North Carolina ; attack on Camden and bombard- 
ment of Fort Macon, resulting in its capture April 26, 
1 Si o. For these affairs he received a sword of honor 
from the State of Rhode Island, in testimony of his ser- 
vices at Roanoke Island. 

He was appointed major-general of volunteers March 
18, 1862, and from July 6 to September 4, 1862, he was 
in command of the reinforcements to the Army of the 
Potomac, concentrated at Newport News, Virginia, and 
subsequently at Fredericksburg, constituting the Ninth 
Army Corps. General Burnside participated in the Mary- 
land campaign, in command of the right wing of the 
Army of the Potomac, and of the Ninth Corps, and was 
engaged in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam. 
.Afterwards he had general charge of Harper's Ferry, 
Virginia, and Second and Twelfth Corps, until November 
10, [862, and on this date, while marching towards Fal- 
mouth, he was assigned to the command of the Army 
of the Potomac, relieving General McClellan. He 
commanded the Army of the Potomac in the battle 
of Fredericksburg, December 11-1;, 1862, and in 
March, 1863, was relieved and ordered to the West, 
w here he commanded the Department of the Ohio. 
He participated in the capture of Cumberland Gap 
and occupation of East Tennessee, and was engaged 
in the actions of Blue Springs and Lenoir, combat of 
Campbell's Station, and siege of Knoxville. He was 
engaged in recruiting the Ninth Army Corps from 
January 12 to April [3, 1 S64, and then commanded 
that corps in the Richmond campaign with the Army of 
the Potomac, being engaged in the battles of the Wilder- 
ness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Tolopotomy, Bethesda 
Church, and siege of Petersburg, including the Mine- 
assault July 30, [864. He was then on leave of absence 
and waiting orders to April [5, 1865, when he resigned 
his commission. 

In 1S64 General Burnside received the thanks of Con- 
gress for "gallantry, good conduct, and soldier-like 
endurance'' in North Carolina and East Tennessee. 

After leaving the service, General Burnside was director 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company and in the 
Narragansett Steamship Company ; president of the 
Cincinnati and Martinsville Railroad Company ; of Rhode 
Island Locomotive Works at Providence; and of the 
Indianapolis and Vincennes Railroad Company. He was 
also governor and captain-general of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations. He was also I". S. Senator from 
that State, and died September 13, 1881. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



19 



MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE GORDON MEADE, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

Major-General George Gordon Meade was born 
at Cadiz, Spain, December 31, 181 5 ; his father, Richard 
W. Meade, being at that time U. S. naval agent there. 
His grandfather, George Meade, a wealthy merchant of 
Philadelphia, had contributed liberally for the support of 
the Revolutionary army. The grandson graduated at 
the Military Academy in 1835, and entered the artillery 
service. He participated in the war against the hostile 
Seminole Indians, in Florida, but resigned in October, 
1836, and became a civil engineer. He was engaged in 
a survey of the mouths of the Mississippi ; and after- 
wards on the boundary line of Texas, and on that of 
Maine. 

In 1842 he re-entered the army as second lieutenant 
of topographical engineers, and during the Mexican War 
he served with distinction on the staffs of Generals 
Taylor and Scott. He was afterwards employed in 
light-house construction, and on the geodetic survey of 
the great lakes. 

In August, 1861, he was appointed brigadier-general 
of volunteers, and commanded the Second Brigade of 
the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps. 

In McClellan's Peninsular campaign, Meade fought at 
Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, and Glendale, being severely 
wounded in the latter engagement, Second Bull Run. 
He afterwards commanded a division at Antietam, and 
when General Hooker was wounded there, succeeded 
temporarily to the command of the First Corps of the 
Arm)- of the Potomac. 

General Meade was appointed major-general of vol- 
unteers, and in December, 1862, led the attack which 
broke through the right of Lee's line at PVedericks- 
burg, but, not being supported, was obliged to fall back. 
He was placed in command of the Fifth Corps, and, 
though much esteemed by General Hooker, was not 
called into action at Chancellorsville. 

On the 28th of June, 1863, after Lee had crossed the 
Potomac, on his way to Pennsylvania, President Lincoln 
placed General Meade in chief command of the Army of 
the Potomac, then hastening to oppose Lee, wherever the 
two armies should strategically meet. This occurred at 
the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and after three 
days of severe fighting, the Confederate army, under its 
ablest leader, was forced to retreat into Virginia. For 
this victory he was made a brigadier-general in the 
regular army. 

In the spring of 1864, Lieutenant-General Grant being 
placed in command of all the Union armies. General 
Meade entered the field with the Army of the Potomac. 
He, however, still retained the immediate command of 
this army till the close of the war, discharging the duties 




of his difficult and delicate position to the entire satis- 
faction of General Grant. In the bloody battle of the 
Wilderness, and the subsequent campaign, the Army of 
the Potomac suffered severely. 

In June, 1864, it was transferred to the south side of 
the James, in order to capture Petersburg, the main 
defence of Richmond on that side; but General Lee 
saved the place by prompt reinforcements. The siege of 
Petersburg lasted ten months, and at its close Richmond 
had to be evacuated, and General Lee, after being pur- 
sued from Petersburg to Appomattox Court-House, 
with constant and severe fighting, surrendered April 9, 
1865. 

General Meade was appointed major-general U. S. 
Anii>- August 18, 1S64. 

After the war, General Meade had command of the 
Military Division of the Atlantic until August, 1866, 
when he took command of the Department of the 
East. 

He received the thanks of Congress, January 28, 1866, 
"for the skill and heroic valor which, at Gettysburg, re- 
pelled, defeated, and drove back — broken and dispirited — 
beyond the Rappahannock, the veteran army of the 
Rebellion." 

General Meade was subsequently placed in command 
of the military district comprising Georgia, Florida, and 
Alabama, with head-quarters at Atlanta. He died in 
Philadelphia November 6, 1872. His fellow-citizens of 
that city had presented him with a house, and after 
his death raised a fund of one hundred thousand dollars 
for his family. 

General Meade had the degree of Doctor of Laws con- 
ferred on him by Harvard College, Massachusetts, in 
1865. He was a member of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, and of the Philadelphia Academy of 
Natural Sciences. 



20 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GEN- 
ERAL GEORGE A. CUSTER. U.S.A. (deceased). 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Major-General 
George A. Custer was born in Ohio. He graduated at 

the Military Academy June 24, 1 86 1, and was promoted 
second lieutenant of the Second Cavalry the same day. 
He was detailed to drill volunteers at Washington, and 
then participated in the battle of First Bull Run Jul}' 21, 
1861. He was absent, sick, from October, 1861, to Feb- 
ruary, 1862, and then participated in the Peninsular cam- 
paign of the Army of the Potomac, being engaged in 
the siege of Yorktown. He was promoted first lieuten- 
ant Fifth Cavalry July 17, 1862, and captain of staff 
(additional aide-de-camp) June 5, 1862, and served on 
the staff of Major-General McClellan in September and 
October, 1862, and was engaged in the battles of South 
Mountain and Antietam. He participated in Stoneman's 
raid towards Richmond, aide-de-camp to General Pleas- 
anton in combat at Brand}* Station, and on June 29, 
1863, he was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers. 
As such, he commanded a cavalry brigade in the Pennsyl- 
vania campaign, and was engaged in the action at Aldie, 
battle of Gettysburg, various skirmishes in pursuit of the 
enemy, with constant fighting at Monterey, Smithsburg, 
Hagerstown, Williamsport, and Boonsborough ; in fact, 
from this time to the end of the war his history is that of 
the Arm}- of the Potomac, and the actions in which he- 
was engaged are so numerous th.it it would require the 
space of this entire sketch to enumerate them. He com- 
manded a brigade of cavalry in the Richmond campaign, 



cavalry corps in the Shenandoah campaign with Sheri- 
dan, and a division of cavalry in the Appomattox cam- 
paign of 1865, and was present at the capitulation of 
General Lee April 9, 1865. He then made a raid to 
Dan River, North Carolina, from April 24 to May 3, 
[865, and was in command of a cavalry division in the 
Military Division of the Southwest from June 3 to July 
17, 1S65. 

General Custer was appointed major-general of volun- 
teers April 15, 1865, and was brevetted in the regular 
army, major, for Gettysburg, July 3, 1863; lieutenant- 
colonel, for Yellow Tavern; colonel, for Winchester; 
brigadier-general, for Five Forks ; major-general, for 
gallant and meritorious services during the campaign 
ending in the surrender of the insurgent arm}- of North- 
ern Virginia. He was also brevetted a major-general of 
United States Volunteers for "gallant and meritorious 
services at the battles of Winchester and Fisher's Hill, 
Virginia." 

He served in the Military Division of the Gulf from 
Jul}- 17 to November 13, 1865, and was chief of cavalry 
of the Department of Texas to February 1, 1866, at which 
time he was mustered out of the volunteer service. He 
was then granted leave of absence, and was awaiting 
orders to September 24, 1866, when he was placed on 
frontier duty at Fort Rile}-, Kansas, October 16, 
1866. 

General Custer was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 
Seventh Cavalry July 28, 1866, and served on the plains ; 
in campaign against the Sioux and Cheyennes, on the 
South Platte and Republican Rivers, 1867-68; various 
other expeditions, scouts, and combats, and notably the 
Big Horn and Yellowstone expedition of 1876, where he 
and his gallant band were all massacred in the fight with 
Sitting Bull's village on the Little Big Horn River, 
Montana. The closing scene in Custer's history has 
been described by Horned Horse, an old Sioux chief, as 
follows : " Custer then sought to lead his men up to the 
bluffs by a diagonal movement, all of them having dis- 
mounted and firing, whenever they could, over the backs 
of their horses at the Indians, who had by that time 
crossed the river in thousands, mostly on foot, and had 
taken Custer in flank and rear, while others annoyed him 
by a galling fire from across the river. Hemmed in on 
all sides, the troops fought steadily, but the fire of the 
enemy was so close and rapid that they melted like snow 
before it, and fell dead among their horses in heaps. 
The firing was continuous until the last man of Custer's 
command was dead. The water-course in which most 
of the soldiers died ran with blood." 



WHO SERVED IX THE CIVIL WAR. 



21 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL DAVID McMURTRIE 
GREGG, U.S.A. 

Brevet Major-Genekal David McMurtrie Gregg 
was born April 10, 1833, at Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, 
where his father, Matthew D. Gregg, practised law, and 
where his maternal grandfather, David McMurtrie, had 
settled before the Revolution. General Gregg is a 
grandson also of Andrew Gregg, who was in the United 
States House of Representatives from 1791 to 1807; in 
the United States Senate from 1807 to 18 13; and sec- 
retary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania from 1S20 
to 1823. Andrew Gregg's father, also named Andrew, 
came from Londonderry, Ireland, to Pennsylvania in 
17 1 2, and died at Carlisle in 1789. A more remote 
ancestor was David Gregg, of Argyleshire, Scotland, 
who was a captain in Cromwell's army. Another mili- 
tary forefather of General Gregg was his great-grand- 
father, General James Potter, of the Pennsylvania Line, 
who became vice-president of Pennsylvania in 1781. 

Educated at Milnwood, Huntingdon County, and at 
the University at Lewisburg, young Gregg entered the 
United States Military Academy at West Point July 
1, 1851, graduating in 1S55. He was commissioned 
brevet second lieutenant of dragoons July 1, 1855, and 
then began his arduous life of the trooper upon the 
plains of the West and the battle-fields of the Civil 
War. 

Before the war, as an officer of the First Dragoons, 
Gregg had seen active service in New Mexico, Califor- 
nia, Oregon, and Washington Territory. He was on 
the Spokane expedition in 1858, and was engaged in the 
desperate combat at To-hots-nimme, and in the combat 
at Four Lakes in September, 1858, and other Indian 
fights. 

As captain of the Sixth Cavalry he served in the de- 
fences of Washington from the fall of 1861 until pro- 
moted in January, 1S62, to be colonel of the Eighth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, after which he participated in the 
battles of Seven Pines and Fair Oaks in May, 1862, and 
Glendale and Malvern Hill in June and July. In No- 
vember of that year he was made a brigadier-general 
and placed in command of the Second Cavalry Division 
of the Army of the Potomac. In 1S63 he took part in 
Stoneman's Raid, and was at Brandy Station, Aldie, Up- 
perville, Gettysburg (where, on the right flank- on July 3, 
he repulsed Stuart's attempt with four brigades of Con- 
federate cavalry to reach the rear of Meade's arm}-, 
simultaneously with Pickett's assault in front), Shepherds- 
town, Culpeper Court-House and Rapidan Station, Sul- 
phur Springs, Auburn and Bristoe Station, and at New 
Hope Church and Parker's Store in the Mine Run 
campaign; and in 1864 at Todd's Tavern, in Sheridan's 
Raid, at Ground-Squirrel Church, Meadow Bridge, 
Hawes' Shop, Gaines' House, Trevilian Station, Tun- 




stall Station, St. Mary's Church, Warwick Swamp, Dar- 
bytown, Lee's Mills, Charles City Road, Deep Bottom, 
Re, mi's Station, Peebles' Farm, Vaughn Road, Boydton 
Plank Road, and Bellefield, besides many minor actions 
and skirmishes. 

From March 26 to April 6, 1864, he commanded the 
Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and the Sec- 
ond Cavalry Divisipn again from April 6, 1864, to Feb- 
ruary 3, iS<>5, in the Richmond campaign, being in com- 
mand of all the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac from 
August 1, 1864, to February 3, 1865. In many of the long 
list of cavalry combats in which he was engaged, General 
Gregg was in chief command. On August I, 1864, he 
had been made brevet major-general United States Vol- 
unteers " for highly meritorious and distinguished con- 
duct throughout the campaign, particularly in the recon- 
noissance on the Charles City Road." On February 3, 
1865, he resigned. The war then was practically over. 
It was simply a question of being in at the finish and 
gathering the laurels and public applause. Gregg's duty 
had been clone on many hard- fought fields, and he retired 
to private life. 

General Gregg was appointed by the President United 
States Consul at Prague in 1874, but he resigned the po- 
sition in the same year, returned to the United States, and 
subsequently resided at Reading, Pennsylvania. 

Upon the death of General Hancock, in 1886, General 
Gregg succeeded him as Commander of the Pennsyl- 
vania Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States, which office he still holds. 
In 1 89 1, though without political aspirations, he was 
elected auditor-general of Pennsylvania by an immense 
majority. 

General Gregg is almost the last survivor of the long 
list of distinguished Pennsylvania soldiers who held high 
command in the Union army. 



OFFICERS OF THIi ARMY AND NAVY volunteer) 




MAJOR CHARLKS T. YODER, U.S.V. 

Major Charles T. Yoder was born in Allegheny 
City, Pennsylvania, July 15, 1843; received a common- 
school education in that city. 

At the breaking out of the Rebellion he was engaged 
teaching school. He enlisted August 13, 1861, as a pri- 
vate in Company C, Fourth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and 
served with his company in the following battles: 

Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Glendale, Malvern Hill. 
Antictam, Hedgesville, Union, Upperville, November 3, 
1862; Manassas Gap, Markham Station, Little Wash- 
ington, Gaines' Cross-Roads, Waterloo, Fredericksburg, 
Kelly's Ford, Rapidan Station, Chancellorsville, Stevens- 
burg, Middleburg, Upperville, June 21, 1S63 ; Shepherds- 
town, Culpeper, and Bristoe Station. 

He received a sabre-wound in the knee in a hand-to- 
hand fight with Stuart's cavalry at Beverly Ford, Vir- 
ginia, and was discharged September 5, 1863, by order of 
Secretary of War Stanton, per Special Orders No. 398, 
Adjutant-General's Office, and appointed as a clerk in 
the office of the paymaster-general to adjudicate pax- 
masters' accounts. 

His ability as an accurate and correct accountant was 
soon recognized by the Pay Department, and on March 
11, 1864, he was appointed by President Lincoln as pay- 
master in the army, with the rank of major, and was finally 



mustered out of service July 29, 1865, by reason of the 
close of the war, as per Special Orders No. 407, Adjutant- 
General's Office. 

The major enjoyed the distinction of being the youngest 
paymaster in the army. 

After the war he engaged in mercantile business in 
the city of Washington, and as a business man met with 
great success. Subsequently he retired from business 
and took a three years' law course in the National Uni- 
versity of Washington, D. C, the degrees of Bachelor and 
Master of Laws being conferred upon him, he graduating 
with honor at the head of his class. 

He was afterwards admitted to the bar of the District 
of Columbia, and distinguished himself by the able man- 
ner in which he handled some important cases intrusted 
to his care. He entered a competitive examination for a 
clerkship in the General Land Office, was successful, and, 
when Congress created the office of principal examiner 
for that office, he was selected by the Secretary of the 
Interior and promoted thereto, which position he still 
fills with ability and satisfaction to the Department. 

The following clipping, taken from a newspaper pub- 
lished in the interest of claimants before the Interior 
Department, shows in what appreciation his ability and 
services are held : 

" We suggested in our last issue that there could be 
found thoroughly competent clerks in the General Land 
Office who could fill the position of principal examiner, 
ami that promotions from such clerks should be made 
rather than that an outsider should be inducted into these 
comparatively ' fat' places. Since then Major Charles T. 
Yoder, of Pennsylvania, has been promoted to fill one 
of these places at a salary of two thousand dollars per 
annum. 

"This is a well-merited promotion, and one that gives 
general satisfaction. Major Yoder entered the office 
through a competitive examination August 7, 1879, and 
was soon promoted for his efficiency until lie reached the 
highest grade. He has been engaged most of the time 
in the adjudication of contested cases affecting both agri- 
cultural and mineral lands, and some of the best decisions 
of the office emanated from his pen. He is a graduate of 
the National University of this city and a member of the 
bar. Such promotions reflect credit on the administra- 
tion. Let them continue." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



23 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL EUGENE B. BEAUMONT, 
U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Eugene B. Beaumont was born 
August 2, 1837, in Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, and was the 
youngest son of Hon. Andrew Beaumont and Julia A. Colt, 
his wife. Colonel Beaumont received his appointment to 
West Point through Hon. Henry M. Fuller, and graduated 
in May, 1861. The first class of that year made applica- 
tion to graduate in April, that they might join the army 
at once. On April 29, 1861, the superintendent of the 
Military Academy was ordered to have the first class 
examined and graduated as soon as practicable. Upon 
graduating, Beaumont was appointed second lieutenant 
First Cavalry, and detailed to drill volunteers at Wash- 
ington, D. C. During the first battle of Bull Run he was 
aide-de-camp to General A. E. Burnside, and was very 
highly complimented in the report of that officer. Dur- 
ing 1 86 1 and the spring of 1862 he served with the Army 
of the Potomac as aide-de-camp to General John Sedg- 
wick, on the Upper Potomac, the Shenandoah Valley, 
and on the Peninsula. Disabled by typhoid fever, he was 
compelled to quit the field. During the winter of 1862-63 
he was aide-de-camp to the general-in-chief, Major-General 
H. W. Halleck. In May, [863, he was aide-de-camp to 
Major-General John Sedgwick, and served with the army 
during the campaign of Gettysburg, and participated in 
the battles of Rappahannock Station, Mine Run, Wil- 
derness, Spottsylvania Court-House, and Cold Harbor. 
After General Sedgwick's death, Beaumont was ordered 
by General Grant to report to General J. II. Wilson, 
commanding the Third Cavalry Division, Army of the 
Potomac, and was in the battles of White Oak Swamp 
and all the operations and fights of the division around 
Richmond, in the raid for the destruction of the Dan- 
ville & Southside Railroad. He was in the campaign 
against Early in the valley of the Shenandoah. In Oc- 
tober, 1864, Beaumont accompanied General Wilson, and 
was appointed assistant adjutant-general of the Cavalry 
Corps of the Military Division of the Mississippi. He was 
actively engaged in the organization of the corps, and 
highly complimented for his efficient services. He par- 
ticipated in the battle of Nashville, in the pursuit of Hood, 
fight at Hollow-Tree Gap, Richland Creek, Little Har- 
path River, Pulaski, and other skirmishes. He was with 
his corps in its march through Alabama and Georgia, 
taking part in the battles of Montevallo, Ebenezer Church, 
storming of Selma, capture of Montgomery, Columbus, 
and Macon, Georgia. This march was one of the most 
brilliant and successful of the war. He received Jefferson 
Davis at Macon on his arrival as a prisoner, after his 
capture by Colonel Pritchard. He remained on duty at 
Macon until November, 1864. In April, 1866, he took 
command of Troop A, Fourth Cavalry, at San Antonio, 
Texas;. was engaged in scouting and other duties. Com- 




manded a battalion of four troops in the fight of Palo 
Duro Canon, Red River, September 28, 1S74, which re- 
sulted in the destruction of numerous camps and capture 
of seventeen hundred horses and mules, and defeat of a 
band of Comanches. He was on duty at West Point as 
instructor of cavalry from March, 1875, to September, 
1879 ; was promoted major Fourth Cavalry November 12, 
1879, anc ' joined McKenzie's expedition against the 
Uncompahgre Utes at Fort Garland, where he took com- 
mand of the cavalry. In 1882 he organized and led a 
second expedition into the Uncompahgre country. Sub- 
sequently served at Fort Wingate, New Mexico; Fort 
Bayard, New Mexico ; commanded Fort Bowie, Arizona, 
and Huachuca, Arizona. In December, 1888, he was de- 
tailed as acting inspector-general Department of Texas, 
and served there until February 1, 1892. He was pro- 
moted lieutenant-colonel Third Cavalry January 14, 1892 ; 
placed on the retired list, at his own request, May 6, 1892, 
and now resides in his native place, Wilkesbarre. 

His grandfather, Isaiah Beaumont, was a Revolutionary 
soldier. His brother, H. Beaumont, served in the war 
with Mexico, and his brother, Admiral John C. Beau- 
mont, was in the U. S. naval service. 

During his active career Col. Beaumont was in over 
thirty engagements and pitched battles ; was appointed 
major and assistant adjutant-general of volunteers Oct. 
20, 1 864 ; was brevetted lieutenant-colonel of U. S. Vol- 
unteers for gallant and meritorious services during the 
recent campaigns in Tennessee; and colonel U.S. Volun- 
teers for gallant and distinguished services in the battle of 
Selma, Ala. ; brevetted in the regular army as captain, for 
gallant and meritorious services at the battle of Rappahan- 
nock Station, Va. ; major, for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices at the battle and capture of Selma, Ala.; lieutenant- 
colonel, for gallant and meriti irious services during the war. 



24 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ADEL- 
BERT AMES, U.S.A. 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Adelbert 

Ames was born in Maine October 31, [835, and was 
graduated at the Military Academy in the class of May 
6, 1 86 1. He was promoted to second lieutenant Second 
U. S. Artillery the same day, and first lieutenant Fifth 
U. S. Artillery May 14, 1861. 

He was on duty with Griffin's Regular Batten - , and 
was wounded at the battle of Bull Run, Virginia, Jul}- 21, 
1 86 1. He was promoted brevet major U. S. Army for 
gallant and meritorious services in that battle. 

October 1, 1861, he was assigned to the command of 
Battery A, Fifth U. S. Artillery, and in the Peninsular 
campaign was engaged in the siege of Vorktown and the 
battles of Golding's Farm and Malvern Hill, Va. I le was 
brevetted lieutenant-colonel U. S. Army, July 1, 1862, for 
gallant and meritorious service at the battle of Malvern 
Hill. As colonel of the Twentieth Maine Volunteers in the 
Fifth Corps, he participated in the battles of Antietam, Md., 
Sept. 17, 1862, and Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. 

In the spring of 1863 his regiment was inoculated with 
the small-pox. Before it was fit for duty the Chancel- 
lorsville campaign opened. He served throughout that 
campaign as an aide-de-camp to General Meade, com- 
manding the Fifth Corps, and General Hooker, com- 
manding the Army of the Potomac. 

He was commissioned as a brigadier-general of volun- 
teers May 20, 1863 ; was given a brigade of picked troops 
in a movement against Culpeper Court-House, and was 
engaged in the battle of Beverly Ford, Virginia. 

He was assigned to the command of the Second 
Brigade, First Division, Eleventh Corps, on the march 
north from the Rappahannock River, and led it in the 
first day's fight at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1, 1863. 



The division commander being wounded and disabled, 
the command of the division devolved upon him for the 
rest of the day and the two subsequent days of the battle. 
He was brevetted colonel U. S. Army for gallant and 
meritorious services on that occasion. 

In August following he was sent with his command 
to join forces besieging Charleston, S. C. He remained 
before Charleston, S. C, and in Florida till April, 1864, 
when, with troops of department, he proceeded to For- 
tress Monroe, Va. in the Army of the James he took 
part in the operations before Petersburg and Richmond, 
Va., being engaged in the action at Port Walthall Junc- 
tion in May, the battle of Cold Harbor in June, and 
Darbytown Road in October, 1 864. 

In December, 1864, he was selected to command a 
division of three brigades in an expedition against Fort 
Fisher, N. C. The following month he led the same 
troops in a second expedition against that fort. In the 
battle which resulted in the capture of Fort Fisher, after 
his division was formed for the assault, the only order 
received from the general commanding the expedition af- 
fecting the movements of the attacking force was, " The 
time has come to make the assault." He was promoted 
brevet brigadier-general U. S. Army for gallant and meri- 
torious services at the capture of Fort Fisher, N. C, Jan- 
uary 15, 1865. After the surrender of the rebel forces he 
was assigned to the command of territorial districts in 
North and South Carolina till April 30, 1866. 

He was brevetted a major-general of volunteers, March 
13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services in the field 
during the rebellion. He was promoted a captain Fifth 
U. S. Artillery Feb. 22, 1865, and lieutenant-colonel Twen- 
ty-fourth U.S. Infantry July 2S, 1866. 

A board of general officers, consisting of Major-Gen- 
erals W. T. Sherman, G. G. Meade, and G. H. Thomas, 
assembled at St. Louis, Mo., March 14, 1866, recom- 
mended certain officers of the regular army for promotion 
by brevet to the grade of brigadier-general, among them 
General Ames, for the capture of Fort Fisher, N. C. 

Although the action of this board was deemed too 
restricted for the times, it was none the less commenda- 
tory of the officers recommended. Subsequent to his 
Presidency, General Grant said, referring to one of his 
ami} - commanders, " If I had given him two corps com- 
manders like Adelbert Ames, , or , or a dozen 1 

could mention, he (said army commander) would have 
made a fine campaign . . . and helped materially in my 
plans. I have always been sorry I did not do so." Gen- 
eral Ames was placed in command of the Military District 
of Mississippi, by General Grant, in 1869. He resigned 
from the army, was elected to the U. S. Senate, and subse- 
quently to the governorship of the State. Compelled by 
political persecution, he resigned his office and left the 
State. He is at present a resident of New Jersey. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



25 



BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ALEX- 
ANDER McD. McCOOK, U.S.A. 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Alexander 
McD. McCook was born in Ohio April 22, 1831, and 
graduated at the Military Academy July 1, 1852. He was 
promoted brevet second lieutenant Third Infantry the 
same day; second lieutenant June 30, 1854; first lieuten- 
ant Dec. 6, 1858; and captain May 14, 1861. He served 
at Newport Barracks and Jefferson Barracks until 1853, 
when he was ordered on frontier duty at Fort Fillmore, 
New Mexico, and was scouting against Apache Indians in 
1854. He was static mod at Fort Union, and participated 
in an expedition against LTtah and Apache Indians, on 
commissary duty, in 1855, being engaged in the actions of 
Sauwatchie Pass and Arkansas River. Was at Canton- 
ment Burgwin, New Mexico, in 1 85 5-56 ; on the Gila Ex- 
pedition, as chief of guides, and engaged in action on the 
Gila River, June 27, 1856; on leave of absence 1857-58, 
and at the Military Academy, as assistant instructor of 
infantry tactics, from Feb. 12, 1S58, to April 24, 1861. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion he 
served as mustering' and disbursing officer at Columbus, 
Ohio, and in the defences of Washington City, May to 
July, 1 86 1, and was engaged in the action of Vienna, 
June 17, and in the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. 

He was appointed colonel of the First Ohio Volun- 
teers, to date from April 16, 1861, and was employed in 
recruiting and organizing his regiment at I )ayton. I le was 
mustered out of the volunteer service August 2, i86l,and 
reappointed colonel of the First Ohio Volunteers August 
10, 1861, and appointed brigadier-general of volunteers 
September 3, 1861. He commanded a brigade in the 
Department of the Cumberland, and participated in the 
operations in Kentucky, October to December, 1861. 
He was then assigned to the command of a division in 
the Army of the Ohio, participating in the movement to 
Nashville and Pittsburg Landing, in the battle of Shiloh, 
advance upon and siege of Corinth, operations in North 
Alabama, and movement through Tennessee to Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, June to September, 1862. 

General McCook was appointed major-general of vol- 
unteers Jul}- 17, 1862, and was assigned to the command 
of the First Corps, Army of the Ohio, and participated 
in the advance into Kentucky in October, 1862, and was 
engaged in the battle of Perryville and march to the 
relief of Nashville, October, 1862. He was in command 
of Nashville, Tennessee, November and December, 1862, 
and was then placed in command of the right wing oi 
the Fourteenth Corps from December 14, 1862, to Janu- 
ary 12, 1863 ; and of the Twentieth Corps from January 
to October, 1863. He was in the Tennessee campaign, 
and was engaged in several skirmishes on the march to 
Murfreesborough, in the battle of Stone River, combat of 
Liberty Gap (in command), advance on Tullahoma, cross- 
4 




$u 




ing the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, 
and in battle of Chickamauga. He was awaiting orders 
from October, 1863, to November, 1864, being engaged, 
while at Washington City, in the defence of the Capital, 
July II— 12, 1864; and in the Middle Military Division 
from November, 1864, to February, 1865. Commanded 
the District of Eastern .Arkansas from Feb. to May, 1865. 

He was brevetted for gallant and meritorious services : 
lieutenant-colonel March 3, 1862, at the capture of Nash- 
ville, Tennessee; colonel April 7, 1862, at the battle of 
Shiloh, Tennessee ; brigadier-general March 13, 1865, at 
the battle of Perryville, Kentucky ; and major-general 
March 13, 1865, in the field during the Rebellion. 

General McCook was with a joint committee of Con- 
gress investigating Indian affairs from May to October, 
1865 ; was then on leave of absence and awaiting orders 
to March 27, 1867. He resigned his commission as major- 
general of volunteers October 21, 1865, and was promoted 
lieutenant-colonel of the Twenty-sixth Infantry March 5, 
1867, transferred to Tenth Infantry in 1869, and promoted 
colonel of Sixth Infantry December 15, 1880. He served 
with his regiment in various departments, and was acting 
inspector-general of the Department of the Missouri from 
December, 1874, to June, 1875, and then colonel and aide- 
de-camp to the general of the army to December, 1880. 

He was in command of the post of Fort Leavenworth 
and the Infantry and Cavalry School of Application from 
May 13, 1886, to August 28, 1890; appointed brigadier- 
general July 11, 1890, and assigned to command the 
Department of Arizona, which position he now occupies. 

General McCook is the son of Major Daniel McCook, 
who was born in 1796, and killed in battle by Morgan's 
guerillas near Buffmgton Island, Ohio, July 19, 1863. 
Seven of his brothers took part in the war for the Union, 
three of whom, like their father, were killed. Four of 
the eight McCook brothers attained the rank of general. 



26 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL THOMAS JEFFERSON 
HENDERSON, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Thomas Jefferson Hen- 
derson was born at Brownsville, Haywood County, Ten- 
nessee, November 29, 1824; received an academic edu- 
cation, and removed to Illinois, with his father, at the age 
of eleven, where he worked upon a farm until he was 
twenty years of age. 

In 1847 he was elected clerk of the County Cmut of 
the county of Stark, which office he held until 1853, at 
which time he was admitted to the bar, and has since 
practised his profession, except when in the public service. 
In 1855 he served .is representative in the State Legis- 
lature, and was a member of the State Senate from 1857 
to 1 86 1. In August, 1862, he enlisted in the Union army 
and raised a company, which afterwards became a part 
of the One Hundred and Twelfth Regiment of Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry. But on the organization of the regi- 
ment he was unanimously elected colonel, and, being com- 
missioned by the governor of Illinois, was mustered into 
the service of the United States September 22, 1S62. 1 fe 
served in the First Brigade of the Third Division, Army of 
Kentucky, from October, 1862. to May, [863, performing 
mostly guard and provost duty at Lexington, Kentucky. 
His regiment was mounted about the istofMay, 1863, and 
was ordered to Somerset, Kentucky, where he remained 
on duty until July, 1863. While there he was engaged 
in a movement to drive a rebel force from Monticello, 
during which his regiment met the enemy for the first 
time. In August, 1863, he entered East Tennessee with 
his regiment, under General Burnside, and was engaged in 



active service at Kingston, Athens, Calhoun, and Phila- 
delphia. On account of bad health, he was then ordered 
home on recruiting service. Returning in the January 
following, he found his regiment skirmishing with the 
enemy at Dandridge, Tennessee. He immediately took 
command of the Second Brigade, First Division, Cavalry 
Corps, and commanded it at Dandridge, January 16 and 
17 ; Kelly's Ford, Fair Garden, and Seviersville, January 
26-28. He then moved, with his regiment, in FY-bruary, 
to Kentucky, where it was dismounted and reorganized 
as an infantry regiment, and then returned to F^ast Ten- 
nessee, joining the army under General Sherman, at 
Rocky-face Ridge, Georgia, where it was engaged with the 
enemy, May 5-S ; then at Resaca, Georgia, May 13-14, 
on which occasion he was severely wounded. Rejoining 
his command in July, 1864, he was assigned to the com- 
mand of the Third Brigade, Third Division, Twenty-third 
Corps, while in front of Atlanta. He was in pursuit of 
Hood's army, and assisted in the destruction of the Macon 
Railroad, near Rough and Ready, August 31, 1864; was 
at Duck River, Tennessee, November 27-29, 1864, and 
at Franklin. November 30. He was brevetted brigadier- 
general for " gallantry and meritorious services during the 
last campaign in Georgia and Tennessee, and especially 
at the battle of Franklin, Tennessee." General Hender- 
son was engaged in skirmishing from Franklin to Nash- 
ville, December 1-15 ; in the battle of Nashville, Decem- 
ber 15, 1S64. He was then ordered to North Carolina, 
and was engaged at Fort Anderson, February 17, 1865 ; 
Town Creek Bridge, February 20; capture of Wilming- 
ton, February 22 ; at Kinston, March 7-1 1 ; in the occu- 
pation of Goldsborough, March 21, and the surrender of 
Raleigh, April 13 ; then on duty at Greensborough, N. C, 
until June 20, 1865, on which day he was mustered out of 
service and returned home with his regiment. 

( '11 returning home he resumed the practice of his 
profession, and in July. 1867, removed his residence 
to Princeton, Bureau Count}-, Illinois, where he has ever 
since resided. 

In 1874 he was nominated as a Republican and elected 
a representative in the Forty-fourth Congress, and has 
served continuously in the Forty-fourth, Forty-fifth, 
Forty-sixth, Forty-seventh, Forty-eighth, Forty-ninth, 
Fiftieth, Fifty-first, and Fifty-second Congresses; and 
has been re-elected a member of the Fifty-third Congress. 
Since his first nomination he has been renominated by 
acclamation every time. 

He was married May 29, 1849, to Henrietta Butler, 
ami has three daughters and one son, — Gertrude Rebecca, 
Sarah Ella, Mary Louisa, and Thomas Butler, — all living. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



27 



MAJOR-GENERAL EDWARD OTHO CRESAP ORD, 

U.S.A. (deceased). 
Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord was 
born in Cumberland, Maryland, October 18, 18 18, and 
died in Havana, Cuba, July 22, 1883. He showed in his 
youth great mathematical ability, which attracted atten- 
tion and gained for him an appointment to West Point, 
where he graduated in 1839. He was assigned to the 
Third Artillery, and served in the Florida War against 
the Seminole Indians, 1839-42, winning his promotion as 
first lieutenant in 1841. He was one of two lieutenants 
selected by General Harney to attack the Indians in the 
Everglades, and on one occasion went back to his wounded 
sergeant, whom his companions had deserted, and, taking 
his musket, held the Indians off until the)- returned to the 
rescue. In 1847, with Lieutenants H. W. Halleck and W. 
T. Sherman, he was ordered to California, via Cape Horn, 
where he served during the Mexican War, and at its close 
was stationed at Monterey, where, by his individual efforts, 
he did much to preserve law and order. Once, following 
a party of desperadoes several hundred miles, his men 
deserted him ; he then continued alone, overtook, and, by 
the aid of the inhabitants, succeeded in capturing and 
executing them. In September, 1850, he was promoted 
captain; on December 3, 1852, he was assigned to Coast 
Survey duty ; in 1855 he was on the Yskima Indian Ex- 
pedition ; in 1856 he was on the Rogue River Expedition, 
being in command in the action of Macknyhootney Vil- 
lages on March 26. Of this fight he said, " It was the 
first defeat in pitched battle these Indians had ever expe- 
rienced." During that night he carried in his arms on his 
saddle one of his worst-wounded men, for several hours, 
through the thick underbrush to the river, amid the 
groanings and pleadings of the poor fellow to be put out 
of his misery. He was also in command of the action at 
Checto Creek, April 28, 1856. He was then stationed at 
Benicia until 1858, when he was on frontier duty at Fort 
Miller, California, and participated in the Spokane Expe- 
dition ; was engaged in the combat of Four Lakes, Sep- 
tember 1, 1858 ; combat of Spokane Plain, September 5, 
1858 ; skirmish of Spokane River, September 8, 1858, — the 
celebrated chief, Rogue River John, surrendering to him. 
In 1859 he was stationed at Fort Monroe, and was in the 
Harper's Ferry Expedition to suppress the John Brown 
raid. He was commissioned brigadier-general of volun- 
teers, "for services in the war," September 4, 1 861 , and 
commanded the Third Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves. 
His first engagement of the war was at Dranesvillc, where 
he defeated the Confederates, under General Jeb. Stewart, 
after a sharp contest lasting several hours. In this fight 
he pointed and fired the first cannon himself, the shell 
causing great havoc among the enemy. General John F. 
Reynolds said at the time, " I knew, if there was a fight to 
be scared up, Ord would find it." He was brevetted lieu- 




tenant-colonel for gallantry in that battle. In May, 1862, 
he commanded a division in the Army of the Rappahan- 
nock ; in June and August, Corinth, Mississippi. In May 
he was promoted major-general of volunteers, and com- 
manded left wing, Army of Tennessee ; was engaged in 
the battle of Iuka ; fought the battle of the Hatchie. He 
was severely wounded, and had to be carried from the field. 
After his recovery he was given the 1 8th Army Corps, 
before Vicksburg. He was with Gen. Grant during the 
conference and surrender of Gen. Pemberton. He was 
engaged in the capture of Jackson, Miss. ; Feb. 16, 1864, 
commanding the 18th Army Corps and all troops in 
the Middle Department. He was then given the Eigh- 
teenth Army Corps, and took part in the movements 
before Petersburg; and, crossing his army to the north 
side of the James on the 29th of September, led the 
forces that carried the strong fortifications and long line 
of intrenchments below Chapin's Farm known as Fort 
Harrison. During the assault he was severely wounded. 
In January he was given the Army of the James and 
Department of Virginia. With this command he was 
engaged in the various operations terminating in the 
evacuation of Richmond and surrender of General Lee. 

He was twenty years a general, — commanding, after 
the Rebellion, the Departments of Ohio, Arkansas, 4th 
Military District, Departments of California, Platte, and 
Texas. He was retired with the rank of major-general. 

On one occasion he saved a worthless member of 
his company from drowning, in San Francisco Bay, by 
jumping from the deck of the steamer into the bay after 
him. 

The War Department order that announced his death 
closed with these words : " As his intimate associate since 
boyhood, the general (Sherman) here bears testimony of 
him, that a more unselfish, manly, and patriotic person 
never lived." 



28 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR AND SURGF.ON CHARLES LEONARD 
WILSON, U.S.V. 

Major and Surgeon Charles Leonard Wilson's 
military career began in the early months of the war of 
the Rebellion with his appointment as assistant surgeon 
of the Seventy-ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 
Upon the merging of this command with the Seventy- 
fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry in December, 1861, Dr. 
Wilson retained a similar post with the consolidated regi- 
ment, which he accompanied into action at McDowell, 
Shaw's Ridge, Franklin, Strasburg, Harrisonburg, Cross 
Keys, Cedar Mountain, Freeman's Ford, Warrenton Sul- 
phur Springs, Waterloo Bridge, Bull Run (second battle), 
and Aldie, and was also on duty on the battle-field at 
Fredericksburg, though not with his regiment. 

In these engagements it was seldom the lot of the 
Seventy-fifth to occupy other than a position of honor. 
The gallant achievements of the regiment at McDowell, 
Bull Run, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and the heavy 
losses they sustained are matters of history. These 
events entailed upon Dr. Wilson the most arduous duties, 
and formed an excellent training for the increased respon- 
bilities he afterwards assumed. 

In February, 1 863, Assistant Surgeon Wilson was se- 
lected to organize the First Division Hospital, Eleventh 
Corps, Army of the Potomac, near Brooks Station, Vir- 
ginia, where he remained in charge until the breaking up 
of the hospital the following summer, at the time of the 
Eleventh Corps' march to Gettysburg. While stationed 
at this hospital Dr. Wilson obtained permission to rejoin 
his regiment for a few days at Chancellorsville, and was 
present at the several engagements there. Upon his re- 
turn he was mustered out as assistant surgeon, to accept 
promotion as surgeon of the same regiment. May 16, 



1863, Major Wilson was detailed brigade surgeon, Second 
Brigade, First Division, Eleventh Corps. During the 
three days' engagement at Gettysburg he had charge of 
the Eleventh Corps Hospital, established in the High 
School-house of the town and an adjoining church. 
These buildings falling into the hands of the Confederates 
on the first day, the doctor and his charges remained 
prisoners until the end of the battle, when they were 
retaken. 

It is not surprising that the conscientious devotion to 
duty evinced by this officer in the efforts recorded, meet- 
ing extraordinary demands upon his endurance to the 
exclusion of every selfish consideration, should already 
have told severely upon his health. We find, neverthe- 
less, that Surgeon Wilson was afterwards on the field at 
Hagerstown, Maryland, and later accompanied his regi- 
ment, of whom less than a hundred men then survived, 
to Morris Island, South Carolina, where he took part in 
the assault upon Fort Wagner. It was not until October, 

1863, and after he had been confined to his tent at Folly 
Island for more than a month, that the doctor yielded to 
the advice of his colleagues and resigned. From Port 
Royal, South Carolina, he returned to his home at 
Athens, Ohio. 

The following spring, being much improved in health, 
Dr. Wilson accepted a commission as surgeon of the One 
Hundred and Forty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and 
remained with that regiment during his term of ser- 
vice, being finally mustered out as surgeon September 3, 

1 864. 

Surgeon Wilson enjoyed the friendship and confidence 
of his superior officers, especially General N. C. McLean, 
and was unusually beloved by his comrades and the sick 
and wounded committed to his care. His services in the 
Eleventh Corps were several times highly commended by 
Major Sukley, medical director, in his reports to the 
surgeon-general. 

Dr. Wilson is the second son of the late Josiah Wilson, 
Esq., of Athens, Ohio. Born at Athens, October 13, 
1 83 1, he completed his education at Cleveland, receiving 
the degree of M.D. from the Western Reserve College in 
1 854. The following year he married a daughter of lames 
Dickey, Esq., of Bern, Ohio. Since the war Dr. Wilson 
has practised his profession in Athens, Ohio; Atlanta, 
Georgia, and Indianapolis, Indiana, at which latter place 
he now resides, a successful specialist in orthopaedic and 
plastic surgery. He is a member of Beta Chapter, Beta 
Theta Pi ; of the Grand Army of the Republic ; of the 
York and Scottish Rites in Masonry; a Knight Templar ; 
a Companion of the Military < Jrder of the Loyal Legion 
of the L T nited States, Indiana Commandery (his eldest 
son, Dr. Charles A. Wilson, being a Companion of the 
second class), and was a United States pension surgeon 
from 1866 to 1 87 j. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL GALUSHA 
PENNYPACKER, U.S.A. (retired). 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General Galusha Pen- 
nypacker is a native of Pennsylvania, belonging to one of 
its oldest families, whose names are written in the annals 
of the State and nation. The appointment to West Point 
from the Sixth Congressional District having been ten- 
dered him, he would, but for the war, have probably 
entered the Military Academy in 1 8(3 1 or 1862. 

General Pennypacker entered the service in April, 1 861 . 
Declining, on account of his youth, the appointment of 
first lieutenant in his company, A, of the Ninth Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, he was made a non-commis- 
sioned staff-officer of that regiment, and served with it, 
during its three months of service in Major-General 
Patterson's column, in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia. 

lie entered "for the war" as captain of Company A, 
Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, August 22, 
[861, and was promoted major October 7 following. 
The Ninety-seventh Regiment joined the Tenth Corps 
in the Department of the South, and during the years 
1862 and 1863 participated in all the various movements, 
engagements, and sieges in which that corps took part, 
on the coasts of South Carolina (Forts Wagner and 
Gregg, James Island and siege of Charleston), Georgia 
(capture of Fort Pulaski), and Florida (taking of Fernan- 
dina and Jacksonville). 

General Pennypacker commanded his regiment and 
the post of Fernandina, Florida, in April, 1864, when the 
regiment was ordered with the Tenth Corps to Virginia, 
and became part of the Army of the James. Promoted 
to lieutenant-colonel April 3, 18(14, and to colonel June 
23 following. 

In action in command of his regiment at Swift Creek, 
May 9; Drewry's Bluff, May 16, and Chester Station, 
May 18. On May 20 he led his regiment in an assault 
upon the enemy's lines at Green Plains, Bermuda Hun- 
dred, receiving three severe wounds, losing one hundred 
and seventy-five men killed and wounded out of two 
hundred and ninety-five taken into the charge. 

Returned to duty in August, and in action at Deep 
Bottom on the 16th, and Wierbottom Church on the 25th 
of same month. In the trenches before Petersburg in 
August and September. 

Assigned to command the Second Brigade, Second 
Division, Tenth Corps, in September, and on the 29th led 
his brigade in the successful assault upon Fort Harrison, 
where he was again wounded, and his horse shot under 
him. 

In action October 7 at Chaffin's Farm, and on the 29th 
at Darbytown Road. With the first Fort Fisher Expe- 
dition under General Butler, December 1 to 31. 

General Pennypacker's brigade (composed of New 
York and Pennsylvania regiments) formed a portion of 




the expeditionary corps which, under command of Major- 
General Terry, made the successful (and perhaps most 
brilliant of the war) assault upon Fort Fisher, North 
Carolina, January 15, 1865. 

For his distinguished personal gallantry in this assault, 
when he was most severely (and it was thought for a 
time mortally) wounded, and " for gallant and meritorious 
services during the war," Pennypacker received six brevets 
or promotions as follows : Brevet brigadier-general U. S. 
Volunteers, January 15, 1865 ; brigadier-general U.S. Vol- 
unteers, February 18, 1865; brevet major-general U.S. 
Volunteers, March 13, 1865; colonel Thirty-fourth (des- 
ignation changed to Sixteenth) Infantry U.S.A., July 28, 
1 81,0; brevet brigadier-general U.S.A., March 2, 1867, and 
brevet major-general U.S.A., March 2, 1867. 

The Congressional medal of honor was awarded Gen- 
eral Pennypacker for "bravery at the battle of Fort 
Fisher." He was one of the youngest (if not the young- 
est) general officers of the war, and was the youngest man 
in the histoiy of the regular army to be commissioned 
a colonel and brevet major-general. His commanding 
general emphasized to the writer of this sketch the dec- 
laration that Pennypacker and not himself was the real 
hero of Fort Fisher, and that his " great gallantry was 
only equalled by his modest)'." 

Since the war (with the exception of two years on 
leave in Europe), General Pennypacker has served in the 
Southern, Southwestern, and Western States, performing 
the duties incidental to a regimental and post commander. 
He was temporarily in command of the District of Mis- 
sissippi in 1867, the Fourth Military District in 1868, 
the Department of Mississippi in 1870, the United States 
troops m New Orleans in 1874, and the Department of 
the South in 1876. 

Placed on the retired list of the army in 1883. on ac- 
count of wounds, he has since resided in Philadelphia. 



30 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR JOHN FARRAND HAMILTON. U.S.V. 
(deceased). 

Major John Farrand Hamilton was born at Marble- 
dale, Litchfield County, Connecticut, December 22, 183O; 
was the eldest son of a father who had inherited the force 
and nobility of character of his immediate ancestor, Alex- 
ander Hamilton, without the environment essential to the 
development of his splendid powers. 

He blessed his son with a large measure of his native 
virtues ; therefore, in the more auspicious sphere of life in 
which that son moved, the father saw some fruition of his 
own unsatisfied aspirations. 

From a farm-plough John " looked not back," but on- 
ward. He strove hard for his academic course, and from 
such insufficient preparation entered upon the study of 
medicine at Rush College, Chicago, from which lie was 
graduated in 1854, attracting the favor of his professors, 
and receiving immediately, through the great Surgeon 
Brainard, appointment as house-surgeon to the C. S. 
Marine Hospital, where theories were tested by their 
practical applicability, and where the young man found 
in the master-mind no temper for commonplace service. 

Care for the disabled toilers of the inland seas was 
hourly duty. Thus was he disciplined, and soon, like 
many others, hurried into the vortex of the Civil War. 

In the then far-off Colorado he was in August, 1S61, 
appointed surgeon of the first cavalry regiment organized 
by Governor Gilpin, and sent south to watch Sibley's 
Texans. At Fort Craig they camped in the sand, and 
then came inaction, impatience, and suffering. 

As the soldiers fared, so fared he, relieving the encroach- 
ments of the dreaded scurvy with wild onions and grapes, 
which he obtained for them. Officially he was upon the 
commander's staff, but his actual whereabouts dming this 
dreary campaign was at the hospital tent and ambulance. 



The ferocious frontiersmen composing that regiment, 
styled in derision "The Colorado Pet Lambs," doffed 
their hats with a salute born of true affection when he 
appeared, because, although he exacted obedience, mercy 
and justice were ever his religion. Thus he honored the 
great profession of medicine, of which he was to his last 
day a reverent disciple. 

During the seasons of 1862-63 he guarded his sick on 
the Rio Grande and dreary plains, as the forces scouted 
after Texans and Indians, whose coalition threatened to 
carry New Mexico and Colorado out of the Union. 

At the battles of Valverde and Apache Canon he par- 
ticipated, and was then ordered to Denver for promotion 
as medical director Department of the Plains, — General 
Connor's staff, — remaining there upon duty until honor- 
ably mustered out Nov. iS, 1865. He then accepted a 
special commission to Fort Douglas, Utah, which after two 
years he resigned. He soon engaged in the practice of 
medicine in Salt Lake, where he gained brilliant advantage 
from insignificant scientific opportunities, in a field isolated 
from centres of learning, but which was for him compre- 
hensively the intermountain empire. He established per- 
manently the first of Utah's hospitals, " St. Mark's," under 
the auspices of the Episcopal mission, extending its gra- 
cious ministries to all, regardless of creed. 

His observations here upon the action of lead-poison 
were extensive and his treatment original, having already 
been adopted as specific by the pre rfessii >n, who regret that 
he wrote no brochure upon this interesting and obscure 
disease; indeed, he could not reconcile silence with his 
ideal helpfulness to his fellows. Lacking the calmness 
necessary for authorship, he cheerfully accepted toil 
equally severe, anil when importuned to write, remarked, 
that "if he wrote too little, main- doctors wrote too 
much." I le made but few notes of his cases, but was glad 
to help younger men anil lighten their discouragements. 

He founded the Salt Lake Medical Society, being twice 
its president, and promoting that esprit de corps and high 
standard of professional honor known as the greatest 
stimulant of individual excellence. 

When circumstances suggested he uttered some apho- 
risms, which are a perfect index of his honest directness 
and contempt of sophistry, avarice, and cowardice. 

" ( in to a busy man ti ir .1 fai 1 1] 

" I want no widow 's 1 1 w 

" I leath i- as much a part of life as In ing. 

Thus this man beloved wrought on modestly, bravely, 
until the familiar enemy with whom he had so often bat- 
tled met him in the gate. He saluted the inexorable 
Commander with a smile of peace, and passed onward 
beyond bound of mortal record or recall, on April <>, 
[892, a faithful member of G. A. R., and Loyal Legion, 
U S. A., Commander}- of California. 
" Laborare est orare." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



3i 



MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE B. McCLELLAN (deceased). 

Major-General George B. McClellan" was born in 
Pennsylvania, and graduated from the Military Academy 
July 1, 1846! He was promoted brevet second lieutenant 
Corps of Engineers the same day, and second lieutenant 
April 24, 1S47. He served in the war with Mexico, at- 
tached to the company of sappers, miners, and pontoniers, 
participating in opening the road from Matamoras to 
Tampico, and engaged in the siege of Vera Cruz, battle 
of Cerro Gordo, skirmish of Amozoque, battles of Con- 
treras and Churubusco, constructin"; batteries against 
Chapultepec, and assault and capture of the City of 
Mexico, September 13-14, 1847. He was brevetted first 
lieutenant August 20, 1847, for "gallant and meritorious 
conduct in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco," and 
captain Septembers, 1847, for " gallant and meritorious 
conduct in the battle of Molino del Rey," which he de- 
clined. He was then brevetted captain September 13, 
1847, for "gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle 
of Chapultepec, Mexico." 

Captain McClellan was ordered to West Point, New- 
York, at the close of the Mexican War, attached to the 
company of engineer troops, part of the time in com- 
mand, and then was assistant engineer in the construction 
of Fort Delaware to 1852. He was then detailed as 
engineer of an exploring expedition to the sources of the 
Red River of Texas ; after which he was chief engineer 
of the Department of Texas, and in charge of surveys of 
rivers and harbors on the Gulf coast to 1853; was en- 
gineer for exploring and survey of the Western Division 
of the Union Pacific Railroad through the Cascade Moun- 
tains in 1853-54. 

He was promoted captain First Cavalry March 3, 1855, 
and was detailed as a member of the military commis- 
sion to the "Theatre of War in Europe," in 1855-56, his 
official report being published by order of Congress in 
1857, embracing his remarks upon the operations in 
the Crimea. He resigned from the army January 16, 
1857. 

Captain McClellan then became chief engineer of the 
Illinois Central Railroad, and subsequently vice-president 
of the same; and in i860 was president of the St. Louis 
and Cincinnati Railroad. When the Rebellion began he 
was made major-general of Ohio volunteers April 23, 1861, 
and major-general U. S. Army May 14, 1861. He served 
in the Department of the Ohio, and was engaged in the 
action of Rich Mountain, West Virginia, July 11, 1861, 
and, by a forced march upon the rebel camp, compelled 
General Pegram's surrender July 12, 1861. 

The thanks of Congress were tendered General McClel- 




lan, July 16, 1 861, for " the series of brilliant and decisive 
victories" achieved by his army over the rebels " on the 
battle-fields of West Virginia." 

General McClellan was then called to the command of 
the Division of the Potomac August 17, of the Army of 
the Potomac August 20, and as general-in-chief of the 
Armies of the United States November 1, 1861. He 
participated in the advance on Manassas, in command of 
the Army of the Potomac, and in the Virginia Peninsular 
campaign, being engaged in the siege of Yorktown, occu- 
pation of Williamsburg, battle of Fair Oaks ; the battles 
of the Seven Days, with change of base to the James 
River, from June 26 to July 2, 1862. He was in com- 
mand of the defences of Washington, and in the Mary- 
land campaign, in command of the Army of the Potomac, 
from September 7 to November 10, and was engaged in 
the battles of South Mountain, Antictam, and march to 
Warrenton. 

At this time he was relieved of his command, and was 
waiting orders at New York City November 8, 1864, 
tluring which time he was nominated by the Chicago 
Convention as a candidate for President of the United 
States, but was defeated at the election in 1864 by Presi- 
dent Abraham Lincoln. He resigned November 8, 1864, 
and resided in New York City for a time, but subse- 
quently established himself in a home at Orange, New 
Jersey. 

General McClellan translated from the French a " Man- 
ual of Bayonet Exercises," adopted for the U. S. Army 
in 1852. He edited his own " Personal Memoirs," which 
were not published until after his death, which took place 
on October 29, 1885, at Orange, New Jersey. 



32 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




LIEUTENANT GEORGE BACHELER PECK. U.S.V. 

Lieutenant George Bacheler Peck, eldest son of 
George B. (deceased) and Ann Power Smith Peck, was 
born at Providence, R. I., August 12, 1843. His gen- 
eral education was received in the public schools of that 
city and in Broun University, which institution bestowed 
upon him a civil engineer's diploma January 21, 1864, the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts September 7, 1 864, and that 
of .Master three years later. He was mustered condi- 
tionally upon raising .1 company oil December 13, 1 864, 
as second lieutenant Company (i. Second Regiment Rhode 
Island Volunteers; was on recruiting service about a 
month, and at the draft rendezvous, more generally known 
as the Conscript Camp, at New Haven, Connecticut, two 
months. With his men he reported for duty before Pe- 
tersburg in the Third Brigade, First Division, Sixth Corps, 
March 17, 1865. He participated in the closing events 
of that siege and in the pursuit of Lee, receiving a bullet- 
wound, four inches long, through his left side, near the 
hip, at Sailor's Creek. He rejoined his regiment before 
Washington as soon as he could walk without crutches, 
but on account of poor health he resigned, anil was hon- 
orably discharged July 5, 1865, reaching his home just a 
week before his comrades. No pension has been applied 
for. 

In March, 1863, Peck enrolled himself as private in the 
Providence Marine Corps of Artillery, at one time widely 
known as (Governor) "Sprague's Battery," the mother 
of Rhode Island's light batteries. This organization was 
chartered in I 801 for the sea-coast defence, but appeared 
at brigade training October 17, [847, with modern equip- 
ments, the first light batten- ever organized in the United 
States outside the regular army. Its excursion to Boston 
in 1852 prompted the formation of the First Massachusetts 
Batten - , then of others throughout the country. Peck 



remained an active member eight years, occupying nearly 
every position to that of major, which commission he 
held the last two. He has been adjutant and ex-officio 
necrologist of its Veteran Association for the past seven- 
teen years. 

.After four years in his father's office — wholesale and 
retail coal and wood — Mr. Peck spent a full year at the 
Hahnemann College of Philadelphia in the study of medi- 
cine, and an equal time at Yale, receiving his doctorate in 
1 87 1 . He passed the ensuing year at the Sheffield Scien- 
tific School, and; the two succeeding at the Naval Torpedo 
Station, Newport, as assistant chemist. In the fall of 
1874 he was in charge of the chemical department of the 
University of Vermont during an illness of Professor 
Peter Collier. He commenced the practice of medicine 
June 1, 1875, and has prosecuted it unremittingly, having 
taken but a single vacation unconnected with work — 
an eight-weeks' California trip — in all the subsequent 
years. 

He was secretary of the Rhode Island Homteopathic 
Si iciety seven years, vice-president and president each two ; 
is now treasurer. Since joining, in 1 870, the American In- 
stitute of Homoeopathy, the oldest national medical society 
in the United States, he has presided over the delibera- 
tions of its Bureau of ( )bstetrics five times. He is an hon- 
orary member of the New York State Homoeopathic 
Medical Society, and was two years vice-president of the 
Western Massachusetts Society. He has been admitting 
physician and a trustee of the Homteopathic Hospital 
since its opening, declining other positions as likely to 
curtail his general usefulness. He was surgeon of the 
Battalion of Light Artillery, Division of Rhode Island 
Militia, from 1876 to its disbandment in 1879. He is 
fulfilling his sixth year as surgeon of Prescott Post, 
No. 1, Grand Army of the Republic, which he assisted in 
organizing. He also holds membership in the Massachu- 
setts Commander}- of the Loyal Legion and the Yale 
Medical Society. 

Dr. Peck is passing his twelfth year on the Providence 
School Committee, and his sixteenth on the Board of the 
Baptist State Convention. He served ten years as clerk 
of the Narragansett Baptist Association, and was after- 
wards chosen moderator, the first layman to be accorded 
the office in that section of the country. He is president 
of the Rhode Island Soldiers' and Sailors' Historical So- 
ciety, after three years in its vice-presidency. 

As a Freemason he is enrolled in the What Cheer 
Lodge of Providence, the Washington Commander)' of 
Newport, and the Rhode Island Consistory, 32 . From 
1X68 to 1875 he contributed frequently to the Providence 
Journal. Since then his writings have been chiefly pro- 
fessional. He is unmarried, and resides with his mother, 
in the house built by his grandfather, where himself and 
father were born. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



33 



MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE H. THOMAS, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

Major-General George II. Thomas was born in 
Virginia, and graduated from the Military Academy 
Jul)' i, 1S40. He was promoted second lieutenant and 
assigned to the Third Artillery. He served in garrison 
at Fort Columbus, N. Y., until the Florida War, in which 
he participated. He assisted in Major Wades capture of 
seventy Seminole Indians on Nov. 6, 1841, and was " b re- 
vetted first lieutenant, Nov. 6, 1S41, for gallantry and good 
conduct against the Florida Indians." 

From 1 842 to 1 S45 he served in garrisons in the South 
and Southeast, and in 1845 participated in the military oc- 
cupation of Texas ; and when war was declared with Mexico 
he participated in the operations and movements thereof, 
being engaged in the defence of Fort Brown, in May, 
1846, and the battles of Monterey and Buena Vista. 

He was promoted first lieutenant April 30, 1846, and 
was brevetted captain, September 23, for gallant conduct 
in the several conflicts at Monterey, Mexico, and major, 
February 23, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct 
in the battle of Buena Vista, Mexico. 

After the cessation of hostilities with Mexico the Sem- 
inole Indians again took the war-path, in which he par- 
ticipated. On December 4, 1853, he was promoted 
captain, and served in various sections of the country 
until the war of the Rebellion; being during the interim 
promoted major, Second Cavalry, May 12, 1855 ; April 
25, 1 86 1, he was promoted lieutenant-colonel, Second 
Cavalry; colonel, Second Cavalry, August 3, i86i,and 
on August 17, 1 861, brigadier-general U. S. Volunteers. 
From June 1 to August 26, 1861, he participated in the 
operations in the Shenandoah Valley, being engaged in 
the various actions and skirmishes in that vicinity ; and 
until May 30, 1862, he participated in the various move- 
ments and operations in the march to Nashville, Ten- 
nessee, and Corinth, Mississippi, being engaged in the 
actions and combats during the march. 

He was appointed major-general, U.S. Volunteers, April 
25, 1862, and was in command at Corinth, Mississippi, 
from June 5-22, 1862. During the operations in North 
Alabama, Tennessee, .and Kentucky, from June 26 to 
November 7, 1862, he was with the Army of the Ohio, 
and participated in the many skirmishes, actions, and 
battles. From November 7, 1S62, to October 19, 1863, 
he was with Major-General Rosecrans in the Tennessee 
campaign, in command of the Fourteenth Army Corps 
(Army of the Cumberland), and during the many hotly- 
contested encounters, from Nashville to Chattanooga, 
in which he participated, he was conspicuous for daring 
and gallantry on the field of battle. He was in com- 
mand of the Department and Army of the Cumberland 
from October 19, 1S63, being engaged in opening com- 
munications by the Tennessee River and Lookout Val- 
5 




ley to November 26, 1863, participating in the battle of 
Missionary Ridge, the pursuit of the enemy, and combat 
at Ringgold, Georgia. He was promoted brigadier-gen- 
eral, U.S.A., October-22, 1863. 

During the invasion of Georgia, May 2 to September 
7, 1864, he was in command of the Army of the Cum- 
berland, composed of the Fourth, Eleventh, and Twen- 
tieth Army Corps and three cavalry divisions, and with 
this command participated in the demonstrations and 
operations, in which were daily skirmishes and actions, 
to Atlanta, Georgia, occupying that city after a long 
siege. He was engaged in organizing the defences of 
Tennessee against the invasion of General Hood's army 
during the fall of 1864, and during the hotly-contested 
battles in the vicinity of Nashville, Tennessee. He was 
promoted major-general, U.S.A., December 15, 1864. 
He was in command of the Military Division of Ten- 
nessee, embracing the Departments of Kentucky, Ten- 
nessee, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi, with head- 
quarters at Nashville, from June 27, 1865, to Aug. 13, 
1866, and of the Dept. of Tennessee from Aug. 13, 1886, 
to March 11, 1867, with head-quarters at Nashville, 
Tenn., and Louisville, Kv., when he was assigned to the 
Third Military District (Georgia, Florida, and Alabama), 
from which he was relieved at his own request, and of 
the Department of the Cumberland, March 16, 1867. 

The Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States, in Congress assembled, resolved, March 

3. 1865,— 

" That the thanks of Congress are due and are hereby 
tendered to Major-General George H. Thomas, and the 
officers and soldiers under his command, for their 
skill and dauntless courage, by which the rebel army 
under General Hood was signally defeated and driven 
from the State of Tennessee." 

General Thomas died March 28, 1870. 



34 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




MAJOR CHARLES A. APPEL, U.S.V. 

Major Charles A. AiTEL(Ninth Pennsylvania Cavalry) 
has a Revolutionary ancestry. Ik- was born in Easton, 
Northampton County, Pennsylvania, May 12, 1836. He 
received his academic education in the academy of Rev. 
John Vandeveer, in Easton, and entered Lafayette Col- 
lege, Easton, Pennsylvania, in October, 1851, and grad- 
uated therefrom in July, [855, an honor man in the class. 

In 1 86 1 he was editor and part owner of the Lehigh 
Register, published in Allentown, Pennsylvania. 

He recruited part of Company A, Ninth Regiment 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, in .Allentown, and was mustered 
into the United States service as lieutenant in October, 
i86i,at Camp Cameron, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. In 
April, 1862, he was made captain Company F, same regi- 
ment, and in 1S64 was mustered as major of the regiment, 
not being able to be mustered prior to that time, because 
the battalion to which he was assigned lacked the requi- 
site number of men. 

In the fall of 1861 he went with his regiment to Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. During the winter of 1 861— 62 he was 
with the movement on Mumfordsville and Bowling Green, 



Kentucky, and entered Nashville, Tennessee, with Buell's 
army. He was engaged in the battle of Perryville, Ken- 
tuck}-, and in the winter of 1862-63 was in the raid into 
East Tennessee, known as " Carter's Raid ;" was in com- 
mand of the courier line between Franklin, Tennessee, and 
Triune ; was in the battle of Chickamauga, and after that 
battle went with his regiment back to Murfreesborough, 
and thence across the mountains to Knoxville, Tennessee, 
to the relief of General Burnside. In crossing the moun- 
tains he had the advance in command of his battalion, 
and had considerable fun with bushwhackers, particularly 
the notorious Champ Ferguson. He was in the cavalry 
fights at Strawberry Plains, New Market, Dandridge, Fair 
Garden, etc. 

In the spring of 1864 his regiment veteranized, and re- 
turned to Pennsylvania on veteran furlough. It returned 
to the front, and in November, 1864, it started from Ma- 
rietta, Georgia, on Sherman's march to the sea. Major 
Appelwas captured at Solomon's Grove, March 10, 1865, 
and taken to Libby Prison, from which institution he was 
released about April 1, 1865, and sent to Annapolis, Mary- 
land, and mustered out under Special Orders No. 10, from 
War Department, mustering out all paroled prisoners of 
war. 

He was in every skirmish and battle in which his regi- 
ment was engaged up to the time of his capture, having 
had five horses shot from under him. 

In October, 1865, he went to Washington, D. C, and 
has resided there ever since. 

He became associated with M. A. McGowan and Jos. 
Marshall as contractor and builder, their line of business 
being mostly government work. The following public 
buildings have been erected either wholly or in part under 
his personal supervision : United States Post-offices at 
Austin, Texas ; Kansas City, Missouri; Memphis, Ten- 
nessee; Jackson, Tennessee; Oxford, Mississippi; Min- 
neapolis, Minnesota; Pittsburg, Pennsylvania; and East- 
port, Maine. Also the Life-Saving Stations at South 
Haven, Whitehall, Pentwater, and EYankfort, Michigan. 

In 1870 he married Mary C, daughter of Chas. W. 
Fisher, and sister of Thos. J. Fisher, of Washington, D. C. 
He has one son, Charles A. Appcl, Jr. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



35 



MAJOR-GENERAL ALFRED H. TERRY, U.S.A. 
(retired). 

Major-General Alfred H. Terry was born in Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, November 10, 1827. He was edu- 
cated in the schools of New Haven, and at the Yale Law 
School. He began the practice of his profession in 
1849, and was clerk of the Superior and Supreme Courts 
of Connecticut from 1854 to i860. He was in command 
of the Second Regiment of Connecticut militia when 
the Civil War began. In response to President Lincoln's 
call for three months' troops, he was appointed colonel 
of the Second Conn. Vol., and with that regiment was 
present at the first battle of Bull Run. At the expiration 
of the term of service he returned to Connecticut, organ- 
ized the Seventh Connecticut Volunteers, of which he 
was appointed colonel, and on September 17 he was 
present at the capture of Port Royal, South Carolina, and 
also at the siege of Fort Pulaski, of which he was placed 
in charge after its capitulation. On April 25, 1862, he 
was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, and he 
served at the battle of Pocotaligo, and in the operations 
against Charleston. He commanded the demonstration 
up Stono River during the descent on Morris Island and 
at the action on James Island, and he was assigned by 
General Q. A. Gillmore to command the troops on Mor- 
ris Island, which post he held during the siege of Forts 
Wagner and Sumter. 

After the reduction of Fort Wagner he was assigned 
to the command of the Northern District of the De- 
partment of the South, including the islands from which 
operations against Charleston had been carried on. 
General Terry commanded the First Division of the 
Tenth Army Corps, Army of the James, during the Vir- 
ginia campaign of 1 864, and at times the corps itself. He- 
was brevetted major-general of volunteers on August 20, 
1 864, became permanent commander of the Tenth Corps 
in October, and held that place until the corps was 
merged in the Twenty-fourth the following December, 
when he was assigned to head the First Division of the 
new corps. He commanded at the action of Chester 
Station, and was engaged at the battle of Drury's 
Bluff, the various combats in front of the Bermuda 
Hundred lines, the battle of Fussell's Mills, the action 
of Deep Bottom, the siege of Petersburg, the actions 
at Newmarket Heights on the Newmarket Road, the 
Darbytown Road, and the Williamsburg Road. On 
January 2, 1865, after the failure of the first attempt to 
take Fort Fisher, which commanded the sea approaches 
to Wilmington, North Carolina, General Terry was 
ordered to renew the attack with a force numbering a 
little over eight thousand men. On the 13th he de- 
barked his troops about five miles above the fort, and 
finding himself confronted by General Robert F. Hoke's 
Confederate division, proceeded to throw a line of strong 




intrenchments across the peninsula between the sea and 
Cape Fear River, facing towards Wilmington, and about 
two miles north of the fort. After the landing of the 
troops, the co-operating fleet under Admiral David D. 
Porter, numbering forty-four vessels, and mounting up- 
ward of five hundred guns, opened fire upon the work, 
and from 4.30 to 6 p.m., four shots a second, or twenty 
thousand in all, were fired. This was the heaviest bom- 
bardment of the war. On the 14th the line of intrench- 
ment was completed, and General Charles J. Paine's 
division of infantry was placed upon it. While this was 
in progress, General Terry made a reconnoissance of the 
fort, and in view of the difficulty of landing supplies for 
his troops and the materials for a siege upon an open, 
unprotected beach in midwinter, he determined to carry 
the work by assault the next day, and the plan of attack- 
was arranged the next day with Admiral Porter. At 1 1 
a.m. on the 15th, the entire fleet opened fire, silencing 
nearly every gun in the fort. Admiral Porter landed 
two thousand sailors and marines; gained the parapet 
by hand-to-hand fighting of the most obstinate character, 
and by five o'clock nine of the traverses of the fort which 
had been constructed were carried, and General Terry 
ordered up reinforcements, consisting of a brigade and 
the sailors and marines, taking their places there; by 
nine o'clock two more traverses were carried, and one 
hour later the occupation of the work was complete, and 
the Confederate force surrendered. For this General 
Terry was promoted to be brigadier-general in the regu- 
lar army and major-general of volunteers, and received 
the thanks of Congress. He was brevetted major- 
general in the regular army on March 13, 1865, for his 
services at the capture of Wilmington. He was pro- 
moted to the rank of major-general March 3, 1866, 
serving in charge of the Division of the Missouri until 
his retirement in April, 1888. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




% m * 




COLONEL JOHN LEVERING, U.S.V- 

Colonel John Levering was bum near Philadelphia, 
Pa., April 19, 1826. He is a descendant of Wigard Lev- 
ering who settled in that city in 1685 and became a large 
land-owner, ami a grandson of Captain |ohn Levering of 
the war of the Revolution. 

In 1849, with wife and child, he removed to Cincinnati ; 
thence, in 1850, to La Fayette, Ind., where he conducted 
a real estate and loan business which he established in 
January, 1856, in the same building. 

On the breaking out of the war in April, 1861, at the 
instance of Governor Morton, he went to Philadelphia 
and made contracts for the equipment of Indiana troops. 
At the designation of Governor Morton and General J. J. 
Reynolds, in Jul}-, 1 86 1, he was appointed by President 
Lincoln captain and a quartermaster of volunteers, and 
served in the Cheat Mountain (Va.) campaign. 

In 1862 he had charge of Post Gauley Bridge, West 
Virginia, until August, when he was ordered to the staff 
of General Pope, commanding the Army of the Potomac. 
Because General Pope was relieved soon after, he was 
ordered by the quartermaster-general to report at the 
head-quarters of General McClellan, and September 21, 
1862, reported to General Humphreys and was charged 
with equipping new troops after the battle of An- 
tietam. 

< >n November 10, 1862, at the request of General Rey- 
nolds, he was ordered by the War Department to report 
with that officer to the Army of the Cumberland. Feb- 
ruary 17. 1863, he was appointed chief quartermaster at 
Nashville, Tenn., but was excused that service in view 
of expected transfer to the adjutant-general's department, 
to which he was commissioned by the President, with the 



rank of major, May 7, 1863, and assigned to Reynolds's 
Division. 

In December, 1863, he was ordered with General Rey- 
nolds from Chattanooga to New Orleans, where he served 
during 1864 as adjutant-general of the defences of New 
( Means and of the Nineteenth Army Corps, and of the 
Reserve Corps of the Military Division of West Missis- 
sippi. On December 22, 1864,11c- was ordered with Gen- 
eral Reynolds to Little Rock, Arkansas, where he served 
during 1865 as adjutant-general of the Department of 
Arkansas and of the Seventh Army Corps, so assigned by 
the President, with rank and pay of lieutenant-colonel. 
March 2, 1865, he was commissioned by the President 
colonel by brevet, and confirmed by the Senate May 9, 
1865. April 20, 1865, by department orders, he visited 
Fort Smith and Port Gibson, in the Cherokee Nation, on 
special duty of inspection. July 4, 1865, he was ordered 
to Memphis and New Orleans on an important errand to 
Generals Canby and Sheridan, and on August 7, 1S65, 
on a like errand to General Sherman at St. Louis. In 
December, 1865, he was on special duty in the Choctaw 
and Chickasaw Nations, with head-quarters at Boggy 
Depot. On returning to Little Rock, he asked to be 
relieved from further military service. By Special Order 
No. 3, War Department, January 4, 1866, he was honor- 
ably mustered out. 

Under W. D. G. O. No. 86, of 1865, issued to depart- 
ment commanders, General Reynolds awarded Colonel 
Levering the highest commendations on qualifications of 
staff officers ; also when recommending promotion he 
wrote, " Colonel Levering entered the service at the very 
beginning of the Rebellion, and has served zealously and 
faithfully ; has never been absent from his command in 
the field, except when compelled to be so by sickness 
contracted in the line of duty. He served as chief quar- 
termaster in West Virginia at Cheat Mountain and Gau- 
ley River, and his reports on file in Washington prove 
him to be a superior officer in that department. As ad- 
jutant-general he has been equally distinguished in the 
Army of the Cumberland and Department of the Gulf. 
He is an officer of superior business ability. He has 
been commended heretofore by General Canby and my- 
self. Colonel Levering has been on my personal staff 
during nearly all this war. I perform an act of justice 
to an intelligent and zealous officer by earnestly recom- 
mending him for increased rank as a recognition of valu- 
able services rendered in the departments of the army, 
which promotion seldom reaches, though merited, as in 
this case. He is peculiarly qualified for the duty of in- 
vestigating irregularities, and would be unsurpassed as a 
member of a board, or to be entrusted with individual 
investigations." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



37 



MAJOR WILLIAM SAMUEL DILLER, U.S.V. 

Major William Samuel Diller (Seventy-sixth Penn- 
sylvania Infantry, Keystone Zouaves) was born in Adams 
County, Pennsylvania, near Littlestown (ten miles from 
the now historic Gettysburg), April 8, 1842. 

The American lineage of the Dillers dates from 1729. 
Caspar Diller, an Alsatian of strong individuality, then 
settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. His great- 
grandson, Peter, removed to York County about the 
close of the last century. One of Peter's sons, Samuel, 
a man of character and influence, who, by his enterprise 
and liberality, left his impress upon the community in 
which he resided, reared eight children, of whom the 
subject of this sketch was the seventh. There were six 
boys. Of the five who were in the country during the 
war of the Rebellion, four entered the Union army early 
in 1 861 and served from two to five years each, all as 
commissioned officers. 

This rather exceptional record was but a consistent ex- 
pression of the family's patriotic spirit as shown in two 
previous wars, — the Revolution and the War of 18 12. 
In the battle of Brandy wine special credit is accorded 
Major Enos Diller " for gallantry and distinguished ser- 
vices." 

William S. assisted his brother, Cyrus F., to raise a 
company which left Hanover, York County, for the camp 
of instruction at Harrisburg early in August, 1861. It 
was attached to the Seventy-sixth Regiment, and left for 
the front in November. 

The contingent which William S. recruited was com- 
posed mainly of his school-mates and associates. Among 
these was his younger brother, Luther Y., who was badly 
wounded at Cold Harbor. Although permanently crip- 
pled, he remained in the service, and came home as cap- 
tain of the company in 1865. William S. served in every 
commissioned grade in his company (D), also as adjutant 
and major of the regiment. 

His company was selected to serve as the head-quar- 
ters' guard of Major-General David Hunter, commanding 
the Department of the South. A letter from General 
Hunter to the Secretary of War, written April 25, 1862, 
recommending Diller for a commission in the regular 
service, says: "This recommendation is based exclu- 
sively on the ground of merit, — -Captain Diller command- 
ing the company on guard at my head-quarters, and 
having attracted my observation by the admirable dis- 
cipline of his men and his zeal in making them pro- 
ficient in every detail of soldiership. I think, having had 
the means of observing Captain Diller very narrowly, 
that few better appointments could be made; and the 
admirable condition of the whole regiment to which he- 
belongs certainly deserves some acknowledgment." 

Captain Diller declined this flattering offer. To leave 
his company for any reason seemed like desertion of his 




comrades who had cast their lot with him. His company 
subsequently served as the head-quarters' guard of Major- 
General Q. A. Gillmore. 

I le participated with his company and regiment in the 
following engagements: Fort Pulaski, April 10 and 11, 
1862; Secessionville, June 16; Pocotaligo, October 22; 
Morris Island, July 10, 1863 ; two assaults of Fort Wag- 
ner, July 11 and 18; siege of Forts Wagner and Sum- 
ter, August and September ; Chesterfield Heights, May 
7, 1864; Drury's Bluff, May 16; Cold Harbor, June I 
to 3; Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, June 16; 
siege of Petersburg from June 23 to August 12; mine 
explosion, June 30; and Deep Bottom, August 14 and 16. 

At the second Deep Bottom fight Major Diller re- 
ceived a sunstroke which nearly proved fatal. Until this 
he had never been invalided, although injured several 
times in previous affairs. He spent three months at the 
Chesapeake Hospital at Fortress Monroe, where he was 
detailed on a military commission to try parties charged 
with victualling the enemy across the lines in the Dismal 
Swamp region. 

Major Diller, despairing of being able to renew active 
service on the front, was, at his own request, honorably 
mustered out at Harrisburg, November 28, 1864. 

Since the war Major Diller has resided in New York, 
first as an associate of his old army companion, the genial 
"Miles O'Reilly" (General Charles G. Halpine), in the 
publication of the New York Citizen; next as passen- 
ger agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad; then in manu- 
facturing in Cohoes, Albany County. In 1876 he was 
appointed to a position in the U. S. civil service in New 
York City, which place he still occupies. 

In 1870 he married Kate, the daughter of F. Elder 
Metzger, of Hanover, Pennsylvania. Their two children, 
Irma and LeRoy, are living. 



3§ 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL ELLIS SPEAR, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Ellis Spear was born in 
Knox Count)-, Maine, in 1834, and spent his earl}- years 
upon a Maine farm. He graduated at Bowdoin College 
in 1858, among the first of his class. Like very main- 
young men of those times, he taught school after leaving 
college. In the summer of 1 862 he raised a company, of 
which he was commissioned captain. This company was 
assigned to the Twentieth Maine Vol. Infantry as Co. G. 

The regiment was immediately brigaded in the Third 
Brigade of the First Division of the Fifth Arm)- Corps, 
in which it served continuously to the close of the war, 
sharing in all the battles ami campaigns of the Army of 
the Potomac. Captain Spear was promoted to be major 
of the regiment in August of 1 863, and soon thereafter 
succeeded to the command of the regiment. 



During the greater part of the winter of 1863 and 1864 
he was president of a court-martial. He commanded his 
regiment in all the battles of 1864, from the Rapidan to 
Petersburg, and in September of that year succeeded 
temporarily to the command of the brigade, in the ab- 
sence of the regular brigade commander. 

This temporary command included one important bat- 
tle, for gallant and distinguished service in which he 
received a brevet commission. 

He was subsequently again twice brevetted, the last 
time as brigadier-general. He had been successively 
commissioned by the governor of Maine, from the grade 
of captain through the intermediate grades to that of 
colonel. He was in command of the Third Brigade of 
the First Division of the Fifth Army Corps at the close 
of the war. 

After muster out of the service in July, 1865, he- 
entered the United States Patent Office as an assistant 
examiner, in the Class of Railway and Civil Engineers, to 
which he had given some attention. He was promoted 
to be principal examiner in 1868, and subsequently was 
made one of the board of examiners-in-chief, and assistant 
commissioner. 

Early in 1876 he resigned the office of assistant com- 
missioner and became a member of a law-firm in Wash- 
ington, D. C, but in January of 1877 he was appointed 
by President Grant, Commissioner of Patents, which office 
he held about two years, when he resigned, and has since 
resided in Washington. He is a member of the bar, and 
makes a specialty of patent-law practice. 

He has taken an interest in public affairs in the Dis- 
trict ; is a director in a prominent savings and loan asso- 
ciation, and also in the Washington Loan and Trust 
Company, and in the Beneficial Endowment Life In- 
surance Association. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



39 



CAPTAIN LUIS FENOLLOSA EMILIO, U.S.V. 

Captain Luis Fenollosa Emilio, with a martial 
instinct and patriotism which are an inheritance in certain 
families, was led to exchange the life of a student for 
that of the soldier. His grandfather served against 
the French in Spain with credit and wounds, and his 
own father fought against the first Don Carlos, receiving 
the Cross of Maria Isabella Luisa, one of the orders of 
chivalry. 

Enlisting October 19, 1861, before his seventeenth birth- 
day, in Company F, Twenty-third Massachusetts Infantry, 
from his native city of Salem, Massachusetts, Captain 
Emilio's ardor and activity placed him among the first of 
his regiment to penetrate the swamps of Roanoke Island 
and enter the enemy's intrenchment, and at New Berne to 
advance beyond the line with a comrade, where they acted 
as sharp-shooters. Thus early distinguished, he was placed 
on the color-guard, and promoted to sergeant. He took 
part, under General John G. Foster, in the engagements 
at Southwest Creek, Kinston, Whitehall, and Golds- 
borough. After the severe losses of the 2311, at White- 
hall, he volunteered to command the rescuing party in an 
effort to bring our wounded from under the enemy's fire, 
but was not permitted. 

Such services, united with intelligent performance of 
every duty, pointed him out, despite his youth, as worthy 
of higher rank. The Secretary of War selected him to 
report for assignment and promotion ; Governor Andrew, 
of Massachusetts, tendered him a commission in the first 
colored regiment raised in the North, under Colonel Robert 
G. Shaw, and his own regimental commander assured him 
of higher rank if he would but remain. A personal letter 
from Colonel Shaw decided his choice. He reported at 
Boston, and was made a captain in the famous Fifty-fourth 
Massachusetts Infantry. 

Present at the maiden fight of his regiment at James 
Island, July 16, 1863, he also took a prominent part in 
the sanguinary night assault on Fort Wagner two days 
later, when the Fifty-fourth led the storming column. 
There the fearful losses gave him command ; true to 
his earlier promise, Captain Emilio gallantly rallied the 
fragments of his regiment, besides many white soldiers, 
and inspiring them by word and example, amid the chaos 
of defeat advanced with this sole remnant of the leading 
brigades to the support of the only unbroken one, and held 
an important position until relieved. For his conduct that 
night he received the thanks of General Thomas G. Steven- 
son on the field. 

In frequent command of the Fifty-fourth, or large por- 
tions, in the trenches before Wagner ; with General Gill- 
more's expedition to Florida ; in charge of the exposed 
outpost of Black Island with several companies ; com- 
manding F"ort Greene against the James Island batteries ; 




throughout General Foster's attack upon James Island in 
1 864 ; at Boyd's Landing, Devaux's Neck, and the Tulli- 
finny, and during the march to Charleston, Captain Emilio 
bore a prominent part. 

His last engagement was on February 7, 1865, when, 
with three companies, he drove the enemy's force of 
cavalry and artillery from before our advancing column 
all day. 

He accompanied his regiment to Savannah in March, 
1865, and was mustered out after three and one-half years' 
honorable service. His details were : Acting judge-advo- 
cate, First Division, Tenth Corps; acting judge-advocate, 
Southern District ; and acting provost-marshal, Coast 
Division, Department of the South. 

Captain F^milio went to San FYancisco in 1867, where 
he became prominently identified with real estate and 
building operations. In 1876 he married Mary, daughter 
of Josiah Belden, Esq., of San Jose, California, whose 
former homestead is now the site of the Hotel Vendome. 
His only child is a son. Since 1 88 1 he has resided in 
New York City. 

He is a member of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion ; Lafayette Post, Grand Army of the Republic ; 
the United Service and Seventh Regiment Veteran 
clubs ; the New York Real Estate Flxchange, and other 
social and business organizations. Well known as a 
military authority, his writings include "A Brave Black 
Regiment, History of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts 
Infantry ;" besides many published and unpublished 
papers and articles, among which are " The Occupation, 
Defence, and Fall of Roanoke Island," " Organization of 
the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Infantry," " The Fifty- 
fourth Massachusetts in the Assault of Fort Wagner," 
" Siege of Fort Wagner," and " The Expedition to 
Florida." 



4Q 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL FLOYD CLARKSON, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Floyd Clarkson was 
born in New York City February 27, 1 83 1. His father 

was Samuel Floyd Clarkson, a practising counsel in chan- 
cer}', law, and equity proceedings, and his mother was 
Amelia A. Baker, daughter of Win. F. Baker, a lumber 
merchant of New York City, and Elizabeth Sperry. His 
grandfather was Wm. Clarkson, of Philadelphia, and his 
grandmother was Catherine Floyd, the daughter of Wm. 
Floyd, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and 
colonel of the Suffolk Count}- militia. 

Colonel Clarkson was educated at King and Feck's 
school in New York City, and in April, 1S46, was em- 
ployed in the hardware store of Tracy, Allen & Co.; 
afterwards with Cornell, Willis & Co., in Courtlandt 
Street, New York City, where he remained until he en- 
gaged in business for himself at 14 Courtlandt Street, 
January 1, 1859. 

On October 27, 1857, he married Harriet A. Van Bos- 
kerck, the daughter of John Van Boskerck, one of the 
old Hollandish business men of New York City, who had 
retired mail} - years before with what was in those days an 
ample fortune. They were the parents of ten children, 
of whom two died in infancy, and a third, Floyd, Jr., 
when nineteen years old. Seven still survive, two being 
daughters, — John V. B., Ashton C, George T., Grace, 
Bessie, Frank J., and Jay 1 1. 

' )n the first call for troops by President Lincoln in 
1 861, Mr. Clarkson proceeded with his regiment, the cele- 
brated New York Seventh, to Washington, and partici- 
pated in the defence of the national capital until mustered 
out, June 3, 1861. He assisted in the construction, during 
this time, of Fort Runyon, at the Virginia end of the 
Long Bridge across the Potomac River. 



On his return to New York, Mr. Clarkson at once be- 
gan recruiting, under authority, for the cavalry service, 
and on the 1 ith of November following he was mustered 
as major of the Sixth New York Cavalry. On Thanks- 
giving Da}- the regiment was ordered to York, Pennsyl- 
vania, and in March, 1862, was transferred to Perryville, 
Maryland, from whence a battalion under Major Clark- 
son was ordered to report to Major-General Sumner. 

Major Clarkson participated throughout the Peninsular 
campaign with McClellan, and in September, 1862, owing 
to pressing private business in New York, and unable to 
obtain a ten days' leave of absence, he resigned his com- 
mission, serving until October 13, 1862. 

In December, 1862, Major Clarkson was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel of the Fourteenth New York Cavalry, 
but did muster. On April 2, 1863, he was mustered as 
major of the Twelfth N. Y. Cavalry, and in May, 1863, 
was ordered with six companies to New Berne, N. C, 
from Staten Island. He participated in all the operations 
about that place, and was engaged at Kernansville, Tar- 
borough, Tyson's Creek, New Berne, and Kinston, in the 
mean time performing all kinds of scouting duty, tearing 
up railroads, breaking up small rebel camps, etc. 

After participating in the campaign of 1865, under 
General Schofield, to form a junction with Sherman's 
army, and General Johnston having on the 13th of April 
indicated his desire to surrender, Major Clarkson, about 
the 21st of April, 1865, resigned his commission, the ac- 
ceptance of which was received April 30. 1865. He was 
brevetted lieutenant-colonel April 22, 1 866, " for faithful 
and meritorious services." 

( )n arriving in New York he entered the flour com- 
mission house of George W. \"<m Boskerck & Co., and 
so continued until F"eb., 1869. Col. Clarkson is now en- 
gaged in the real estate business at 39 Broadway, New 
York, under the firm of Floyd Clarkson & Son. He is 
now president of the Riverside Bank. He has always been 
an earnest Freemason and a devout Christian gentleman. 

He is a Companion of the New York Commander}- of 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, a member of 
Lafayette Post, 140, G. A. R., member " Veterans of the 
Seventh Regiment," and Societies of the Army of the 
Potomac and Army of the Cumberland. A member of 
the Union League, Republican, and L T nited Service Clubs, 
as well as many other distinguished organizations. 

( )n the occasion of the centennial celebration of the 
inauguration of General George Washington as the first 
President of the United States, Colonel Clarkson was the 
marshal of the President's escort for the first day of that 
celebration. On the 26th of February, 1890, Colonel 
Clarkson was elected commander of the Department of 
New York of the Grand Arm}- of the Republic, and as 
such had command of the veterans of New York who 
participated in the reunion at Boston, August 12, 1 89 1. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



4i 



COLONEL ABRAHAM H. RYAN, U.S.V. 

Colonel Abraham H. Ryan was born in New York 
City February, 1837, removing to Illinois when a boy. At 
the first call to arms, in 1 861 , he assisted in organizing Com- 
pany A, Seventeenth Volunteer Infantry, and was elected 
first lieutenant. On the organization of the regiment he 
was appointed adjutant. In July, 1 861, the regiment was 
ordered on active service in the States of Missouri and 
Kentucky ; February, 1862, with Grant's army at capture 
of Fort Henry ; thence to Fort Donelson, where, as adju- 
tant of the Third Brigade, McClernand's Division, he was 
twice wounded, losing the hearing of right ear, but con- 
tinued on duty ; thence to Pittsburg Landing, or Shiloh. 
About 9 a.m. of the first day of the battle, Colonel Raith, 
commanding the brigade, fell mortally wounded; falling, 
he ordered Adjutant Ryan to inform Lieutenant-Colonel 
Wood to take command of the brigade. Such was the 
closeness of the enemy and severity of the fight that he- 
could not transmit the order. Knowing the movement 
that Colonel Raith had in hand when he fell, Adjutant 
Ryan continued it, and for nearly two hours commanded 
the brigade, when, the ammunition being exhausted, with- 
drew it in good order, forming line with the division and 
turning over the command to Lieutenant-Colonel Wood. 
For the handling of the brigade in action he was com- 
plimented by his general of division, and ordered to make- 
written report of the same (see Volume X., series I, 
page 139, "Official Reports of the War"), — the only 
instance during the war of an officer of the rank of first 
lieutenant and youngest in years commanding a brigade 
in a pitched battle. During the battle he had two horses 
shot under him. For meritorious services he was pro- 
moted captain. He continued with his command through- 
out the approach and capture of Corinth. 

In Ma)-, 1 862, he was detailed chief of staff of Brigadier- 
General L. F. Ross, continuing in active service and in 
various engagements in West Tennessee and Northern 
Mississippi; in battles of Iuka, Corinth, Hatchee, etc.; 
thence with General Grant's army through the State of 
Mississippi to Oxford and Grenada ; thence to Memphis 
and Helena, — still as chief of staff through the whole of 
the Yazoo Pass Expedition, when he was again wounded 
while reconnoitring approaches to Fort Pemberton. He 
was next ordered to Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, and was 
with the army in its movements for the capture of 
Vicksburg ; was on gun-boat " General Price" during the 
bombardment of Grand Gulf, running the batteries at 
night on steamer " Forest Queen." When General Grant 
decided to land his army at Bruinsburg, Captain Ryan 
volunteered to convey orders to General Sherman to 
withdraw his army corps from the Yazoo and follow 
Grant's. To do this he had to ride about fifty miles 
through the enemy's country at night. His instructions 
6 




were to swallow the despatch if in danger of falling into 
the hands of the enemy. 

After Vicksburg he was assigned to duty on the staff 
of Major-General Frederick Steele, commanding the Army 
of Arkansas. He was in all the movements and engage- 
ments culminating in the capture of Little Rock, Septem- 
ber, [863, having command of a squadron of cavalry, and 
was the first to enter the city and State House. Soon 
after he was assigned by General Steele to superintend the 
organization of Arkansas troops, and on February 10, 
1S64, was mustered in as colonel of the Third Regiment 
of Arkansas Cavalry, and assigned to the command of 
the posts of Lewisburg and Dardanelles. Here, on out- 
post duty, he maintained his position until the close of the 
war, constantly on the move, fighting engagements of 
Cypress Creek, Dardanelles, etc., and in movements against 
Price. Shelby, and others of the Confederate armies. 

After the war closed, Colonel Ryan embarked in busi- 
ness in Little Rock, Arkansas, and for several years was 
general manager of the Little Rock, Mississippi River & 
Ouchita Railroad. 

In August, 1873, while on a visit to Cape Cod, Massa- 
chusetts, he was presented by citizens of Falmouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, with a gold medal, and by the Humane Society 
of Massachusetts with their highest testimonial medal of 
the society, for saving the lives of two ladies from drown- 
in-, and rescuing the persons of three others drowned in 
the waters of Buzzard Bay. 

In 1880 he removed to East Orange, New Jersey, where 
he still resides, taking an interest in all things pertaining 
to the welfare of the town, having served seven years as 
a trustee of the schools, and five years member of the 
Township Committee. He is president of the Savings 
Investment and Trust Company, and president of the 
Orange Art Association. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 



m* 



■ : ■ 



i S* 






1 




CAPTAIN CHARLES O. PAT1ER, U.S.V. 

Captain Charles O. Patier (Sixth Missouri Infantry, 
Veteran Volunteers,) was born in Easton, Pennsylvania, 
January i, 1859, and at the age of twelve years was sent 
by his parents to be raised by Adam Follmer, at Williams- 
port, Pennsylvania, and to learn the mercantile business. 
At the age of eighteen he went west to Chicago, Illinois, 
and from there to Freeport, Illinois, where he still con- 
tinued to follow the pursuit of clerking and selling goods. 
At the commencement of the late Civil War he was in 
St. Louis, Missouri, and, under the first call of President 
Lincoln, he and William Wolfe raised a company of 
volunteers and entered the service in the Sixth Regi- 
ment of Infantry from the State of Missouri, Company 
D. He served all thr< nigh Missouri under General Lyon, 
who was killed at Springfield; after which he was ap- 
pointed provost-marshal of the Fifth District of Missouri, 
head-quarters at Jefferson City, serving under General 
Totten, General Logan, and others, until he was ordered 
to join his regiment at Young's Point, Louisiana, which 
he did, and took an active part in the fighting and siege 
of Vicksburg, — the regiment being one of the Second 
Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, com- 
manded by the late General Logan, of Illinois. After the 
surrender of Vicksburg, this corps was ordered east to 
Mission Ridge, taking active part in that battle ; it also 
was sent to the relief of Rurnside, at Knoxville, Tennes- 
see. Captain Patier marched to the sea with General 
Sherman, fighting from Resaca to Atlanta, and from 
there to Savannah, his company being one selected by 
General Hazen to charge Port McAllister and open up 



communication to the sea. In all of the engagements 
mostly of the Fifteenth Army Corps, he took an active 
part, until wounded at Bentonville, North Carolina, through 
the right breast. From there he was sent to David's 
Island, New York, until his recovery, after which he joined 
his command at Washington City, in time for the grand 
review of the Army of the Tennessee. After this he was 
sent to Little Rock, .Arkansas, until the close of the war, 
and from there to St. Louis, Missouri, and mustered out, 
having served from the firing of the first gun until the 
Rebellion was crushed out. 

Since the war he has been located in Cairo, Illinois, 
u here he now is at the head of the New York Store Mer- 
cantile Company, being president. This house does a one- 
half million dollar business yearly. He is vice-president of 
the Alexander County National Bank ; vice-president of 
the Ice Company, also same of the Electric Railroad Com- 
pany. Is a member of the Loyal Legion, Army of the 
Tennessee, and Warren Stewart Post, G. A. R., of his city. 

Being an ardent Republican, he has taken an active part 
in all his party actions in Southern Illinois. In 1885 was 
appointed colonel and aide-de-camp on Governor Ogles- 
by's staff, of the State of Illinois. He entered the service 
as lieutenant, and was promoted, for bravery at Vicksburg, 
Mississippi, to the rank of captain. 

Captain Patier was married, after the war, to Miss Mary 

T in', of Chicago, Illinois; has three sons, Charles, 

Willie, and Earl ; also one daughter, Maud. He has been 
a member of the City Council of Cairo, Illinois, for 
eighteen years, several years having no opposition from 
his ward. 

He was commissioned a delegate to the Nicaragua 
Canal Convention, by Governor Jos. Fifer, of Illinois, 
November 17, 1892, to take place at New Orleans, 
Louisiana, November 30, 1892 ; also was elected mayor 
of Cairo by unanimous vote of the City Council, to serve 
the unexpired term of the late Mayor Thomas W. Halli- 
day, deceased, which would have expired May I, 1892. 

Having been raised a poor boy, by his close attention 
to business is now ranked with the prosperous men of 
Southern Illinois. His motto has been " To do what was 
required, well," and by this rule has made his name and 
place in this section of the State. He was one of the 
men who captured Camp Jackson and helped save Mis- 
souri from going out of the Union. 

He is now president of the New York Store Mercantile 
Company, a new corporation started in June, 1891. lie- 
was also a delegate to the National Republican Conven- 
tion, and is one of the Old Guard of 306, who stood by 
General Grant to the end of that great struggle. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



43 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR JOHN B1GEL0W, 

u.s.v. 

Captain and Brevet Major John Bigelow was born 
at Brighton, now a part of the city of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, February 4, 1841, and graduated from Harvard 
University in the class of 1861. 

He enlisted as a private in the Second Massachusetts 
Light Batter}', April 24, 1861, being the first Harvard 
undergraduate who enlisted for the war. On May 2 he 
was elected second lieutenant of artillery, M. V. M., and 
on July 31 was mustered as first lieutenant Second Tight 
Battery, Massachusetts Volunteers. 

The battery was stationed at Baltimore, Maryland, from 
August until November, drilling and parading for " moral 
effect" and to keep that city loyal. During November 
and December it was with Lockwood's expedition into 
Accomacand Northampton Counties, Eastern Virginia, to 
disperse a body of rebels organizing in that section. 

On December 16, 1861, Lieutenant Bigelow was made 
adjutant First Battalion Maryland Light Artillery, sta- 
tioned at Eastville, East Virginia, and served by detail as 
acting assistant adjutant-general on staff of General Lock- 
wood, commanding district, until May, 1862, when his 
battalion joined the Artillery Reserve, Army of Potomac, 
at Vorktown, Virginia. While acting assistant adjutant- 
general he secured and gave to General McClellan plans 
of the Norfolk (Virginia) defences ; also authentic infor- 
mation as to the crippled condition of the " Merrimac" 
after its engagement with the " Monitor." He took an 
active part in the artillery duels so frequent during the 
building of New Bridge across the Chickahominy and in 
the Seven Days' battles. 

At Malvern Hill, Virginia, July 1, 1862, Lieutenant 
Vannerman, of his battalion, being wounded, he took 
command of his section, on detached duty near the West 
House. Although others had refused, and he had already 
lost main- men, he advanced one of his guns and saved 
two regiments of Couch's division, which were short of 
ammunition and beina- cut off, firing the last shots of the 
battle, about nine o'clock p.m. (five rounds of canister) ; 
first, however, receiving a volley from the rebels, which 
shattered his left arm, besides killing and wounding a 
number of his cannoneers. He was present at the battle 
of Fredericksburg, Va., crossing with Franklin's grand 
division, and resigned his adjutancy December 31, 1862. 

February 11, 1863, he was made captain Ninth Light 
Battery, Massachusetts Volunteers, stationed at Fort 
Ramsay, Virginia (fortifications of Washington). In three 
months he had his command ready for field-service, and 
in June was assigned to the Second Brigade Artillery 
Reserve, Army of the Potomac. 

On July 2, 1863, under heavy artillery fire, he rein- 
forced the hard-pressed lines of the Third Corps, near 
the Peach Orchard, at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 




Bigelow himself was shot through the hand and body. 
He rejoined his battery at Warrenton, Virginia, three 
months later, and was on the Culpeper campaign and at 
Mine Run. During the winter of 1863-64 he commanded 
the Second Brigade Artillery Reserve, Army of the Poto- 
mac, and during the Grant campaign of 1864 his battery 
was attached to the Fifth Corps Artillery, taking part in 
the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court-House, 
North Anna, Jericho's Ford, Tolopotomy, Virginia ; Beth- 
esda Church, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and siege of 
Petersburg, Virginia. 

Captain Bigelow was brevetted major U. S. Volunteers 
August I, 1864, "for gallant services during the opera- 
tions before Petersburg, Virginia," where he followed, with 
his battery, General Chamberlain's charge ; dropped his 
guns " in action" within three hundred yards of the 
enemy's works, and, although the infantry were driven 
back, he held his advanced position until nightfall, when 
he was relieved and the position entrenched. 

As the result of his wounds he was on sick-leave from 
August to October, 1864; during October and November 
was a member of the Military Commission, Baltimore, 
Maryland, and after establishing his battery in winter 
quarters before Petersburg he was " honorably discharged 
on account of physical disability," December 16, 1864. 

He was a member from Boston of the General Court 
of Massachusetts, sessions of 1873 and of 1874, and 
originated the "Standard Policy of Insurance" now 
adopted by many States. He has made many improve- 
ments in the manufacture of hosiery, hats, and flour, also 
generally used. He married Mrs. Julia B. Gardner {nee 
Barber), and resides at Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

He is, by transfer from the Massachusetts Command- 
ery, a member of the Pennsylvania Commandery, Military 
Order Loyal Legion of the United States. 



44 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (volunteer) 




COLONEL JOHN WAINWRIGHT, U.S.V. 

COLONEL NINETY-SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS. 

Colonel John Wainwright was born at Syracuse, 
New York, July 13, [839. His father was Samuel Force 
Wainwright, his mother Maria Humphry. He is de- 
scended from the Wainwrights and Forces, so long settled 
in Monmouth County, New Jersey. His name and stock 
has long been known as having its representatives in the 
army and navy of the United States, and has a history as 
patriots, soldiers, and sailors in our struggle for indepen- 
dence and in later wars. 

At the breaking out of the Rebellion in [86] his tradi- 
tional soldier-blood made him a private in Company G, 
Second Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, for three months, 
enlisting April [8. lie was honorably discharged July 
26, 1861. With this regiment he took part with Patter- 
son's column in the Shenandoah Valley. 

He re-enlisted as a private in Company F, Ninety-sev- 
enth Pennsylvania Infantry, September 23, at West Ches- 
ter, Pennsylvania, and began a military career which has 
but few parallels in the records of the war of the Rebellion, 
in that he came home at the close of the war the colonel 
commanding the same regiment which at the commence- 
ment of the Rebellion received him as a private in the 
ranks of one of its companies, having in the mean while 
been promoted, step by step, through every grade of 
intermediate rank. He never sought this promotion, 
and as evidence of the appreciation in which his services 
were held by his superior officers, every step of his 
military advancement came to him unsolicited. His 
biography is a complete history of the Ninety-seventh 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, in which he served continuously 
only seventeen days short of four years. He first found 
himself in command of his regiment on August 25, 1864, 
while yet a first lieutenant, and continued in command. 



with but a short interval, until his muster out of service 
over one year later, — August 28, 1865. He was then in 
command of the post at Weldon, North Carolina, and of 
the section of country thereabouts. 

He was appointed first sergeant October 3, 1861 ; sec- 
ond lieutenant January 10, 1862; first lieutenant March 
9, 1S63 ; captain November 1, 1864 ; captain and major by 
brevet and "medal of honor," for gallant and meritorious 
services at the storming of Fort Fisher, North Caro- 
lina, January 15, 1S65; lieutenant-colonel Ninety-seventh 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, January 15, 1865, and colonel 
Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, June 1, 1865. 
He was honorably mentioned for gallantry in action, Oc- 
tober 7, 1864, at Chapin's Farm, Virginia, general orders, 
head-quarters Department of Virginia and North Caro- 
lina, < tctobcr 1 1, 1864. 

He was twice wounded, — James Island, June 12, 1862; 
Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January 15, 1865. 

He participated in the expedition to Port Royal, South 
Carolina, December, 1861 ; siege of Fort Pulaski, Georgia ; 
capture of Fort Clinch, Fernandina, and Jacksonville, 
Florida ; occupation of Edisto Island and lames Island, 
South Carolina ; battles on James Island, South Carolina, 
June 10 and 16, 1862; reoccupation of James Island, 
South Carolina ; capture of Morris Island, South Caro- 
lina ; siege of Forts Wagner, Gregg, Sumter, Moultrie, 
and Johnson, and capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg, 
in 1863 ; capture of Cam]) Cooper, Woodstock Mills, and 
King's Ferry, Florida; capture of Bermuda Hundred and 
City- Point, Virginia; battles of Swift Creek, Proctor's 
Creek, Fort Darling, Drury Bluff, Chester Station, Green 
Plains, Cold Harbor, Petersburg Heights, Cemetery Hill, 
explosion of mine, siege of Petersburg and Richmond, 
Strawberry Plains, Weir Bottom Church, Charles City 
Road, Darbytown Road, in 1864; Fort Fisher, Sugar- 
loaf Hill, capture of Fort Anderson, capture of Wilming- 
ton, North Carolina, occupation of Raleigh, N. C. ; sur- 
render of Johnston, in 1865. He served in the Tenth, 
Eighteenth, and Twenty-fourth Army Corps in the Army 
of the South, Army of the James, Army of the Poto- 
mac, and Army of the Ohio, in the States of Virginia, 
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. 

Colonel Wainwright has been a citizen of Wilmington, 
Delaware, since the war ; has always taken an active in- 
terest in military affairs ; is a member of the District of 
Columbia Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, and past department commander, G. A. R., De- 
partment of Delaware, a position to which he was elected 
in his department without an opposing candidate. He has 
also occupied responsible positions on the staffs of Past 
Commanders-in-Chief Louis Wagner and George Merrill. 
He was married to Miss Emma M. Edwards, of Coates- 
ville, Pa., April [8, 1864, and their three children are- 
Blanche J., G. Maude, and John Drayton Wainwright. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



45 



LIEUTENANT EDWARD BORCK, A.M., M.D., U.S.V. 

Edward Borck, First Lieutenant and Assistant 
Surgeon, U.S.V. — The sketch of the above named will 
show what is termed a self-made man. Edward Borck 
was born in the free city of Hamburg, Germany, April 
1 8, 1834. His father was a German surgeon, his mother 
a highly-educated Danish lady, and from her he received 
his early education and training. At the age of nine years 
he was sent to a private school and progressed rapidly. At 
the age of thirteen years he passed a successful competi- 
tive examination for a scholarship into the High School ; 
about two years later he gained in addition, by examina- 
tion, a free seat in the Anatomical School, the study he was 
very fond of. When the war broke out between Schlcswig- 
Holstein and Denmark he obtained by special permission 
leave to enter the German arm)- as a volunteer medical 
cadet, 1848. Already trained to some minor surgical 
manipulations by his father, here was offered to him a 
field for further improvement, of which he took due 
advantage. 

After the war he graduated at the above institutions, 
October, 1851. He being an American in principle and 
by heart, he preferred to come to America. He landed in 
New York in March, 1852, without any friends and little 
else but his youth and ambition. He adopted Baltimore, 
Maryland, as his home, and started out to earn a liveli- 
hood with teaching, with caligraphy, with the practice of 
minor surgery and dentistry, and with the only object 
in view to keep in the profession and educate himself 
for a surgeon. While thus engaged he mastered the 
English language and matriculated in the University of 
Maryland. 

He placed himself under the preceptorship of the cele- 
brated surgeon Professor Nathan R. Smith, M.D., and 
other eminent men. He graduated at the School of 
Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, March, 1862. While a 
student he entered the volunteer service at the Military 
Camden Street Hospital, in charge of Surgeon Bartholow, 
U.S.A. 

As soon as he had graduated he went before the Army 
Board, passed, and entered the army, and was at once 
assigned to duty as acting assistant surgeon U.S.A., at 
the West Building Military Hospital, Baltimore, Mary- 
land, in charge of George Rex, surgeon U. S. Volunteers. 
September 25, 1863, he was commissioned assistant sur- 
geon Tenth Maryland Infantry Volunteers, and did field 
duty at Maryland Heights, Harper's Ferry, Martinsburg, 
Frederick City, and at the skirmish at Charlestown, Vir- 
ginia. February 3, 1864, he was commissioned first as- 
sistant surgeon Third Maryland Cavalry Volunteers, and 
ordered by General Lockwood to accompany recruits to 
New Orleans via New York. He sailed with the steamer 
" McClellan," latter part of February, and arrived in 
New Orleans early in March, to join his regiment. He 




reported for duty at head-quarters, and was ordered to 
Algiers. Most of the time he was on detached duty, 
holding positions from an assistant to brigade surgeon, 
lie served in General Banks's Red River expedition, and 
had charge of a hospital at Alexandria, Louisiana, April 
3—28. At Shreveport he had charge of an ambulance 
train. At Manganzia, La., from May to June 28, he had 
charge of a brigade of cavalry. He was stationed at 
Donaldsonsville and Carrollton July 4-24. From August 
until December 10, 1864, he was post-surgeon at Fort 
Gaines, Dulphine Island, Alabama ; also at Fort Mason 
under Major-General Gordon Granger. He resigned on 
account of sickness and was honorably discharged. 

He went home, not expecting to recover. After re- 
gaining his health he entered upon private practice. In 
1872 he removed to St. Louis, Missouri, his present 
home. His success as a surgeon needs no comment; he 
is known by reputation throughout the United States and 
the greater part of Europe through his contributions 
towards surgical literature. He was Professor of Surgery 
in the College for Medical Practitioners, a delegate to the 
Eighth International Medical Congress, Copenhagen, 
Denmark, and the Tenth, at Berlin, German}-, from the 
State of Missouri and American Medical Association. 
He belongs to many home and foreign medical and 
scientific societies, being the president and vice-president 
of some (see French R. Stone's " Biographies of Eminent 
American Surgeons"). He is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and a Companion of Loyal Legion. 
Married, but childless. 

Dr. Borck is the author of many valuable medical 
works, too numerous to mention in this sketch, but some 
of which are" Hypodermic Injections," " Fracture of the 
Femur," " Paralysis in Children," " On Permanent Wound- 
Dressing," " Ovarian Tumors," etc. 



46 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR FRANK A. BUTTS, U.S.V. 

Major Frank A. Butts, of the well-known firm of 
Butts & Phillips, Pension Attorneys, Army and Navy 
War Veterans' Bureau of Information, No. 1425 New 
York Avenue, Washington, D.C. 

It is of importance and, in fact, a duty, to give wide 
publicity to the fact that a thoroughly complete and 
efficient Army and Navy War Veterans' Bureau of 
Information has been opened in Washington by that true 
friend of the old soldier, Major Frank A. Butts, so nation- 
ally known as the originator, and, until his resignation on 
August 1 1, 1889, the chief of the Army and Navy Sur- 
vivors' Division of the United States Pension Bureau. 
He is now transacting a general pension agency business, 
ami, with necessarily special qualifications at command to 
enable him to accurately advise applicants, is a recog- 
nized leading authority on everything concerning the 
Pension Office. 

Major Butts is a native of New York City, and comes 
from old Revolutionary stock on both his father's and 
mother's side, and when the war of the Rebellion broke 
out was seventeen years of age. He was one of the first 
to enlist in "Grant's sharp-shooters" in June, [861, and 
was subsequently promoted to a second lieutenancy in 
the Forty-seventh New York Volunteers, and served 
throughout the entire war with devotion and gallantry, 
receiving merited promotion step by step to the rank 
1 if major, which position he held when the regiment 
was mustered out of service August 30, 1865. He took 
part in all the thirty-three battle; in which his regiment 
was engaged, besides many minor affairs, and took com- 
mand of the regiment after the wounding of Colonel 
McDonald at the blood) - battle of Olustee, Florida, bring- 



ing it off the field and retaining command for several 
weeks, though only twenty years of age. He was also 
in command at Chapin's Farm, Darbytown Cross-Roads, 
and during the operations before Wilmington, North 
Carolina. 

Major Butts served his country on the field with dis- 
tinguished fidelity, and has proved equally capable, ener- 
getic, and reliable in civil and official life. In 1866 he 
was appointed military commissioner, Third District, Third 
Division, Military District of Virginia, and served in that 
capacity until Virginia was restored as a State in 1869. 
He was for fourteen years a valued member of the railway 
mail service, which he entered as a Si 200 clerk in 1869, 
and was promoted step by step until he reached the grade 
of chief examiner of the second division, in which position 
he served for several years, and in 1881 was appointed to 
the United States Pension Office, where he rendered signal 
service in organizing and putting into thorough working 
order the invaluable Army and Navy Survivors' Division, 
and of which he was the originator and chief, until resign- 
ing in August, 1 889, to open his present agency. A recent 
article thus refers to the services of his department : " It has 
been of more service and benefit to old soldiers than any 
other three departments of any bureau, and through it 
the work of the entire Pension Office has been simplified. 
Through this department thousands of claims have been 
adjudicated which otherwise would have taken years for 
want of the necessary legal evidence, and thus the saving 
to the government has been immense, and of delay and 
suspense to claimant immeasurable." 

Major Butts has the very highest endorsement from such 
officers as General Terry, General Horatio G. Wright, 
General Howard, General Schofield, General and Senator 
Hawley, and General Pennypacker, on whose staff he 
served as an aide-de-camp at the storming of Fort Fisher, 
North Carolina, January 15, 1865, and at other places in 
Virginia and North Carolina. 

Major Butts was one of the earl)- members of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, helped to found Lafayette Post of 
New York, and is an active member of Kit Carson Post, 
No. 2, Washington, I). C. ; also of the Military Order, the 
Loyal Legion, U. S., Washington, D. C, Encampment 
No. 69, Union Veteran Legion"; Phil Sheridan Camp, No. 
3, Union Veteran Union, and John A. Logan Camp, No. 
2, Sons of Veterans; is also a member of the Masonic 
Order, Knights of Pythias, Odd-Fellows, and the Benev- 
olent Protective Order of Elks, and is universally re- 
spected as a true friend of the veteran ; an honorable 
and a most talented representative of the interests which 
it is the first duty of the government to meet and fully 
satisfy, as an act of justice to the poor old veteran or his 
widow and orphans. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



47 



ADJUTANT AND BREVET MAJOR RICHARD LEWIS 
ASHHURST, U.S.V. 

Adjutant and Brevet Major Richard Lewis Ash- 
hurst was born at Naples, Italy, of American parents, 
February 5, 1838. He graduated from the University of 
Pennsylvania in the class of 1856, receiving the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, and delivering the Greek oration. He 
studied law in the office of Hon. \V. M. Meredith, and 
was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in June, 1859. 

In July, 1862, he took part in the raising and organi- 
zation of the One Hundred and Fiftieth Regiment of 
Pennsylvania Volunteers (Second Bucktails), Colonel 
Langhorne Wister, and on August 28, 1S62, was mustered 
into the service as first lieutenant and adjutant. Major 
Ashhurst continued in active service with the One Hun- 
dred and Fiftieth Regiment (except during a period when 
he was detailed as acting assistant adjutant-general for 
the Second Brigade, Third Division, First Corps, to which 
his regiment was attached) until after the battle of Get- 
tysburg, July, 1863. 

During this period he took part with his regiment in 
the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg and some : 
minor engagements. He was brevetted captain for meri- 
torious service at Chancellorsville, Virginia. 

At Gettysburg the First Corps stood the brunt of the 
first day's battle, and the One Hundred and Fiftieth took 
its full share of the honor and suffering of the day, losing 
in killed and wounded two-thirds of its numbers. Major 
Ashhurst was seriously wounded in the afternoon of that 
day by a bullet through his shoulder, while the regiment 
was in its furthest advanced position, but nevertheless 
kept with the regiment until the final retreat. By the 
successive disabling of his superior officers he was left 




the ranking officer and commanded the regiment, when, 
in conjunction with the One Hundred and Forty-ninth 
Pennsylvania, under Colonel Dwight, it made the last 
rally on Cemetery Hill and saved the battery there sta- 
tioned. 

For his services at Gettysburg Major Ashhurst received 
honorable mention in the reports of the brigade, division, 
and corps commanders, and, on recommendation of Gen- 
eral Meade, was brevetted major " for distinguished gal- 
lantry at Gettysburg," 

Major Ashhurst was ordered to Philadelphia after the 
battle for treatment of his wound, and shortly afterward 
resigned. I le has since been engaged in the practio oi 
law in Philadelphia. 



48 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




CAPTAIN JOHN STANTON BALDWIN, U.S.V. 

Captain - John Stanton Baldwin was born in New 
Haven, Connecticut, January 6, 1834. His father, at that 
time a clergyman, was afterward conspicuous in the free- 
soil and anti-slavery movements, and at a later period, for 
three terms, a member of Congress from Massachusetts. 
Mr. Baldwin, Senior, was an author of note, two of his 
volumes, " Pre-Historic Nations" ami " Ancient America," 
having taken their place among standard works. 

Captain Baldwin was on his father's side descended 
from the Stantons and Denisons, men of mark in the 
Connecticut and Massachusetts colonies, and officers of 
the colonial troops. On his mother's side his ancestors 
can be traced directly to the band of Pilgrims who landed 
at Plymouth. He received his education in Connecticut 
schools, graduating at the high and normal schools, but 
instead of entering Yale College, for which he was fitted, 
he obeyed a summons to take a responsible and difficult 
position in the office of a Boston daily newspaper. He 
had previously learned the printer's trade in Hartford. A 
handsome volume of poems, issued from the leading pub- 
lishing house of Boston, was, with the exception of the 
binding, the entire work of his hands, with such assistance 
as his brother gave him. He edited the poet's manuscript, 
set the type, read and corrected the proofs, and did the 
presswork on a power-press. The title-page he printed 
on a hand-press. 



He was in charge of the business department of the 
Daily Commonwealth in Boston during the exciting years 
preceding the war, when a famous group of Massachu- 
setts' most distinguished men made that office their daily 
meeting-place. It was in these days that he joined a 
company of young men whom Theodore Parker, one of 
America's greatest divines, called together, saying that the 
time was coming when their military knowledge would be 
of great value to the nation. Mr. Parker was one of the 
few far-seeing men who anticipated the coming conflict 
with the slave-power in this country. 

Captain Baldwin removed to Worcester, Massachusetts, 
in 1859, and, associated with his father and brother, be- 
came one of the proprietors of the Worcester Spy, the 
famous patriot paper of the Revolution, which has been 
published without interruption since I//O. It has been 
issued as a daily for many years, and Mr. Baldwin is now 
its senior proprietor and editor. He has been called to 
service in the School-Board, City Council, and Leg- 
islature, and is a member of several important local 
organizations. 

Captain Baldwin's service in the Union army was as 
captain in the Fifty-first Massachusetts Regiment. He 
first enlisted, at a public meeting, as a volunteer in a com- 
pany of which T. W. Higginson was captain, but at the 
request of Governor Andrew he organized another com- 
pany, of which he became captain, and with his regiment 
was soon after in active service in North Carolina, where 
Major-General Foster was in command. He took part 
in the campaign and battles of Kinston, Whitehall, and 
Goldsborough, and was for a time in command of a bat- 
talion on the picket-line beyond New-Berne. He partici- 
pated in many long and arduous marches. For a brief 
time he was under General Dix on the Pamunkey River, 
near Richmond ; and later was at Maryland Heights, and 
was attached to the Army of the Potomac, just after the 
battle of Gettysburg, when General Lee retreated across 
the Potomac River. 

Captain Baldwin remained in service until the regiment 
was mustered out. He is living in Worcester, where he 
married Emily Brown. He has six children, — l^leanor, 
Robert Stanton, Alice Hathaway, John Denison, Henry 
Brown, and Emily Clinton. He is a member of the 
societies of the Grand Army of the Republic, the Army 
of the Potomac, and the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



49 



COLONEL OLIVER C. BOSBYSHELL, U.S.V. 

Colonel Oliver C. Bosbyshell enjoys the honorable 
distinction of having been the first Union soldier hurt by 
the enemy in the war of the Rebellion. He enlisted in 
April, 1861, and served his country until October, [864. 
On the 18th day of April, I 86 1, as a private in the Wash- 
ington Artillerists, of Pottsville, Schuylkill County, — the 
first command to respond to President Lincoln's call for 
seventy-five thousand men, — he was marching with his 
comrades through Baltimore, en route to Washington 
when the memorable attack was made upon them by 
Southern sympathizers. Private Bosbyshell was struck 
on the head with a brick. 

Colonel Bosbyshell was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, 
on the 3d of January, 1839. His father and mother, 
however, were natives of Philadelphia. He grew up in 
Schuylkill County, receiving a fair education in the public 
schools. He was a student in the law-office of his uncle, 
W. L. Whitney, when the war broke out. 

The Washington Artillerists afterwards became Com- 
pany H, Twenty-fifth Penna. Vols. They were sent down 
the Potomac to Fort Washington. Three months after 
his enlistment he was offered, and declined, a first lieu- 
tenancy in the regular army. On the 29th of July, 1861, 
he was mustered out with his company at Harrisburg. 
On the 9th of September he re-enlisted as second lieuten- 
ant, Forty-eighth Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry. He 
was mustered in for three years with his company at Camp 
Hamilton, near Fortress Monroe. He embarked with his 
regiment on the nth of November, 1 861, for Hatteras, 
North Carolina. When the attack was made on New- 
Berne, General Burnside detailed six companies of the 
Forth-eighth to accompany his forces, in which expedition 
Bosbyshell served as acting quartermaster of his regiment. 
Afterwards he was made acting adjutant of the Forty - 
eighth. He was next promoted to the. first lieutenancy, 
and afterwards to the captaincy, of Company G. 

Captain Bosbyshell was engaged at Bull Run, at Chan- 
tilly, at South Mountain, at Antietam, and at Fredericks- 
burg. In the spring of 1863 the Ninth Corps was 
ordered West, and Bosbyshell was made provost-marshal 
at Lexington, Ky. He took part in all the tights in East 
Tennessee : was in the battles of Blue Springs, Campbell's 
Station, and the siege of Knoxville. Returning on vet- 
eran furlough to Schuylkill County in January, 1864, he 
helped recruit the ranks of the decimated command. 

The Ninth Corps, after re-organization, moved into 
Virginia by way of Washington. Bosbyshell was detailed 
by Colonel Sigfried as acting assistant adjutant-general 
First Brigade, Fourth Division, Ninth Army Corps. In 
this capacity Colonel Bosbyshell served through Grant's 
campaign, beginning at the Wilderness and ending at 
Petersburg. During his service he was commissioned 
major of his regiment, to rank as such from July 10, 
7 



zikfm 




[864, but was not relieved from duty as acting assistant 
adjutant-general until after the mine fight of July 30, 1864. 
His own regiment dug his mine. Colonel Sigfried and 
Major Bosbyshell led their brigade into the fight, and the 
loss of over four hundred of their men tells how severely 
they suffered. 

( >n the day following this fight Major Bosbyshell took 
charge of his regiment again, ami commanded it in the 
Weldon Railroad fight, and afterwards at Poplar Grove 
Church, lie was mustered out of service Oct. 1, 1864. 

Returning to Pottsville, the war being virtually ended, 
Major Bosbyshell engaged in business. Always a devoted 
Republican, he was nominated by his party in Schuylkill 
County in 1866 for prothonotary. The county being 
Democratic, he was not elected. Yet he received the 
highest vote of any Republican candidate of the party 
that year. In [867 he entered the G. A. R. and organ- 
ized Post 23, of Pottsville. He was its first commander. 
Afterwards he became district commander of Schuylkill 
County. In 1869 he was elected department commander 
for Pennsylvania. 

In the same year he was made register of deposits in 
the United States Mint in Philadelphia. Soon afterwards 
he was made assistant coiner. He removed to Philadel- 
phia, and has lived in that city ever since. In February, 
[885, he was appointed by Colonel I >echert, the city con- 
troller, to the position of chief clerk in the controller's 

office. 

It was a tribute to Major Bosbyshell's worth, that he, 
a Republican, should be selected for the next most im- 
portant position in a Democratic controller's office. 

Colonel Bosbyshell was appointed superintend, 
the Mint of the United States at Philadelphia, by Presi- 
dent Harrison, on October 17, 1889, and entered upon 
his duti iuch November 1 following. 



50 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL LESTER S. WILLSON, 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Lester S. Willson was 
born at Canton, St. Laurence County, X. Y., June 16, 
1839. Me enlisted in Company A, Sixtieth New York 
Volunteers, August, 186] ; was enrolled second sergeant 
September 9, 1861 ; lieutenant October 3, 1862; first 
lieutenant and adjutant November 17, 1S62; and was 
offered a captaincy on the same day the adjutant's com- 
mission was received, but declined. He was made cap- 
tain August 2, 1S64; lieutenant-colonel October 1, 1864; 
colonel Ma>' 17, 1865. lie was mustered out with regi- 
ment (Sixtieth New York) July 17, [865, and brevetted 
brigadier-general of volunteers March 12, [867, "for 
gallant and meritorious services under General Sherman, 
resulting in the fall of Atlanta, Georgia." This honor 
was conferred on the recommendation of the two com- 
manders of the Twentieth Corps, Generals Hooker and 
Slocum. He was colonel and assistant quartermaster- 
general of the State of New York, November 1, [865, to 
March, 1867; quartermaster-general of the Territory of 
Montana, with rank of brigadier-general, 1883 to [886. 

He participated in guarding the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad, winter of 1861-62; campaigns in Virginia un- 
der Banks and Pope, spring ami summer of [862 ; battle 
of Antietam, September 17, 1862. May 5, [863, he was 
severely wounded at Chancellorsville, Va. He joined 
as the army was preparing to move on the Gettysburg 
campaign, but his wound broke out afresh, and he was 
ordered back to Washington for treatment. In Septem- 
ber, 1863, he went South with General Hooker (Twelfth 
Corps), participating in Wauhatchie, Lookout Mountain, 
Missionary Ridge, Peavine Creek, and Ringgold. On 
November 24 his regiment veteranized, largely due to 
his efforts and influence with the men, and was the 



second regiment in service to re-enlist. He returned to 
the field in February, being in the Third Brigade, Second 
Division, — deary's. Commencing the campaign under 
General Sherman, he participated in all of the battles of 
this command, from Chattanooga to Atlanta, to Savannah, 
to Goldsborough, and to Raleigh, X. C, resulting in the 
surrender of Johnston. Much of this time he served re- 
spectively as aide, assistant inspector-general, and assist- 
ant adjutant-general, Third Brigade. The Sixtieth New 
York, with the ( )ne Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania, 
divide the honor of having been first in Atlanta and first 
to unfurl their colors from the top of the city- hall. 

As assistant adjutant-general he received the surren- 
der of Savannah at the hands of its mayor (Arnold), and 
was the first officer to enter the city at the head of his 
own regiment. This occurred fir the reason that advance 
was made before daylight, and, it being reported that the 
enemy held a position in front, Colonel Willson was or- 
dered to take the regiment in front of column, which 
happened to be the Sixtieth, and met the mayor and a 
delegation of the City Council instead of troops. Having 
received the surrender, with the request that protection 
be given the citizens as well from the mob that was then 
breaking into houses and plundering, lie hastened into 
the city with his regiment. 

At the earnest solicitation of General H. A. Barnum, 
commanding the Third Brigade, he carried lieutenant- 
colonel's commission, without muster, from Atlanta to 
Goldsborough, the general insisting that it was for the 
best interest of the service that he should remain as his 
adjutant. His was a constant, every-day service, never 
leaving the command except from wounds. He had the 
confidence of Generals Sherman, Hooker, Slocum, Geary, 
Greene, and others of this ami}-, and on more than one 
occasion was intrusted with intricate and dangerous 
duties by General Sherman. He was accredited with 
being a most faithful and intelligent officer, and of his 
regiment Major-General George S. Greene has said, "It 
was one of the best in the service." His service as assist- 
ant quartermaster-general of New York was an impor- 
tant one. Many and very large accounts were adjusted 
through this office with railroads for transportation of 
soldiers and supplies for 1865 ami 1S66, — the settlement 
of balances between the State and general government, 
and the disposing of accumulated supplies belonging to 
the State, — and in one year this department expended 
about $250,000 for clothing to reuniform the National 
Guard. 

He resigned in March, 1867, to take an active part in 
business in Montana, and has been engaged in business 
continuously, — mining, freighting by mule-team in early 
days, mercantile business, and banking. He is now at 
the head of a large mercantile house and vice-president 
of the Gallatin Valley National Bank. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



5i 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL CLIFFORD STANLEY SIMS, 
U.S.V. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Clifford Stanley Sims 
born at Emeline Furnace, Dauphin Count}-, Pennsylva- 
nia, February 17, 1839. His paternal ancestors have been 
residents of Cumberland, England, and of the Scottish 
border since before the Norman conquest, when his an- 
cestor, Bueth Sym, thane of Gillesland, in Cumberland, 
was killed. His maternal great-great-grandfather, Doctor 
Alexander Ross, was a surgeon in the Continental Hos- 
pital Department during the Revolution ; his great-grand- 
father, John Ross, was major of the Third New Jei j 
Regiment, Continental Line, and lieutenant-colonel of the 
Second Burlington Regiment, State Troops, and was an 
original member of the Society of the Cincinnati in the 
State of New Jersey ; his maternal great-grandmother was 
Mary Brainard, only child of Rev. John Brainard, a well- 
known Presbyterian clergyman ; his other maternal great- 
grandfather, Elijah Clark, was a member of the Provincial 
Congress of New Jersey in 1776, and lieutenant-colonel 
of the Second Gloucester Battalion, State Troops. 

Colonel Sims was educated at a private school in Phil- 
adelphia ; he began the study of law in that city in 1856, 
and was admitted to the bar there in the May term of 
i860. 

He was a private in the Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania In- 
fantry (militia in the service of the United States) Septem- 
ber 15, 1862; honorably mustered out October 1, 1862; 
captain's clerk, U. S. Na\ y, ap] >< linted September 28, 1 8( >_\ 
and resigned February 1 1, 1863, to accept promotion as 
acting assistant paymaster U. S. Navy, March 10, [863. 
He took part in a skirmish at Carson's Landing, Missis- 
sippi, January 27, 1864, where he had charge of a field 
howitzer on the hurricane deck of the U. S. steamer 
"Queen City" while exposed to the fire of a number of 
Confederate infantry at short distance ; he handled the 
gun carefully and succeeded in dispersing theenemy,and 
was thanked by the commanding officer of the vessel. 
Almost all of his service was west of the Mississippi 
River, where he took part in a number of scouting e? p 
ditions, capturing prisoners and letters. 

He was appointed lieutenant-colonel Fourth Arkansas 
Infantry, U.S. Volunteers, June 22, 1864, and was slightly 
wounded and taken prisoner in the engagement at Clar- 
endon, Arkansas, June 24, 1864, consequently was never 
mustered ; he remained a prisoner some time, was placed 
on parole, and was finally out of service by resignation 
June 10, 1865. 

He was elected a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention of Arkansas in 1867, and was a member of every 
important committee in that body, being chairman ol 
several. In 1868 was elected a member of the Leg 
ture of Arkansas, in which he was chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Ways and Means ; in the same year he was 




appointed a member of a commission to prepare a digest 
of statutes of Arkansas, and was also appointed judge- 
advocate general of that State. 

In 1869 he was appointed U. S. consul for the district 
of Prescott ; remained in this position until 1878, when 
he resigned to accept the secretaryships embracing Ot- 
tawa, the capital of Canada; of the Pennsylvania Com- 
pany, and of the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, and St. Louis 
Railway Company, which positions he retained until 
1 881, when he was appointed general assistant in the ser- 
vice of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and re- 
tained this position until 1887, when he was chosen 
president of the Delaware Company, a construction 
company which has built and now controls several water- 
works. 

In 1 86 1 Colonel Sims was admitted to membership in 
the Cincinnati in the State of New Jersey, and in 1SS3 
was chosen president of the society, a position which he- 
still occupies. In October, 1865, he was chosen a Com- 
panion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. 

Colonel Sims has prepared the following works, viz. : 
"The Origin and Signification of Scottish Surnames;" 
"The Institution of the Society of the Cincinnati, to- 
gether with the Roll of the Original, Hereditary, and 
Honorary Members of the Order in the State of New 
Jersey ;"'" Maxims of the Laws of England by William 
Noye, with a biographical Sketch of the Author, and an 
Index." He has also prepared a series of volurm 
several thousand page-; containing the legislation in Penn- 
sylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, 
and Virginia relative to the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany and the several corporations which it controls. 

He has been a citizen of New Jersey since 1878. and 
is one of the members of the Council of the Proprietors 
of West New Jei 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR FRANK STUART BOND. U.S.V. 

Major Frank Stuart Bond was burn February i, 
[830, at Sturbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts. 
He is a son of Rev. Alvan Bond, D.D., of Norwich, Con- 
necticut. He entered the railway service in 1849; t<> 
[851 in the office of the treasurer of the Norwich & Wor- 
cester Railroad Company; 1851 to [856, secretary Cin- 
cinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad Company; 1857 
to [861, secretary and treasurer Auburn & Allentown 
Railroad Company and Schuylkill & Susquehanna Rail- 
road Company; 1 Si 12 to 1864, served in the army, United 
States Volunteers (see Military Record); 1865 to [867, 
not in active business ; (868 to [873, vice-president Mis- 
souri, Kansas & Texas Railway Company; 1873 to 
1 88 1, vice-president Texas & Pacific Railway Company ; 
1 88 1 to 1882, president Philadelphia & Reading Rail- 
road Company; 1 NS4 to [ 886, president of five associated 
railways, — the Cincinnati, New < )rleans & Texas Pacific 
Railway Company, Alabama Great Southern Railroad 
Company, New Orleans & Northeastern Railroad 
Company, Vicksburg & Meridian Railroad Company, 
and Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany; since [886, vice-president Chicago, Milwaukee 
& St. Paul Railway Company; resident in New York 
City. 

Military Record. — On February is. [862, he was 
commissioned first lieutenant of volunteers from the mili- 
tia of Connecticut, to rank from that day. March 31, 
[862, he was commissioned by Governor Buckingham 
first lieutenant Company B, Tenth Regiment Connecticut 
Volunteers, to rank from March 29, 1862, ami was the 
same day mustered into service at Fort Trumbull, ( on 
necticut. He was detached lor special duty as aide-de- 
camp, and ordered to report to Brigadier-General Daniel 
Tyler, U. S. Volunteers. 



December 14, 1862, on request of Major-General W. S. 
Rosecrans, commanding Department of the Cumberland, 
he was ordered to report to General Rosecrans at Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, for temporal'} - duty, and was announced 
in department orders captain and aide-de-camp on the 
personal staff of the commanding general. 

March 11, 1863, he was appointed by President Lincoln 
major and aide-de-camp U. S^ Volunteers, his commission 
being signed by Abraham Lincoln, President, and Edwin 
M. Stanton, Secretary of War. He was ordered to re- 
port to Major-General W. S. Rosecrans, commanding 
Department of the Cumberland, and was announced 
in General Orders as senior aide-de-camp on his personal 
staff. 

March 14, [863, the War Department accepted his 
resignation as first lieutenant Connecticut Volunteers, to 
date from May 5, 1 863. 

December 3, 1864, he was relieved from duty by Major- 
General Rosecrans, commanding Department of the Mis- 
souri. His resignation as major and aide-de-camp I". S. 
Volunteers, tendered November 10, 1 864, was accepted by 
the War Department November 19, to date from Novem- 
ber IS, 1S64. 

History of Service. — He was detailed as aide-de-camp 
on staff of Brigadier-( reneral I )aniel Tyler ; was with Gen- 
eral Tyler when he joined General Pope's command near 
Corinth, Mississippi, in iSw2, then operating under Major- 
General Halleck; served with command at Farmington 
and in other light engagements that resulted in the cap- 
ture ol Corinth and advance of the army as far south as 
Blackland, Mississippi. When General Rosecrans re- 
lieved General Buell, joined him ( Rosecrans) as volunteer 
aide-de-camp, and was assigned to duty on his personal 
stall a short time before the army moved out of Nash- 
ville; served with General Rosecrans at battle of Stone 
River. 

Alter the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Garesche, chief 
of staff to General Rosecrans, received a commission 
from the President of the United States as major U. S. 
Volunteers and aide-de-camp, and assigned to duty on 
staff of General Rosecrans as senior aide-de-camp ; 
served in that capacity with the Army of the Cumber- 
land in the advance from Murfreesborough ; at the battles 
of Tullahoma, Chickamauga, and in all the other engage 
ments that resulted in the capture of Chattanooga ; ac- 
companied General Rosecrans to St. Louis, when he was 
assigned to command of the Department of Missouri; 
was with him in the campaign against Price; at Warren- 
burg, when Generals Marmaduke and Cabell were cap- 
tured; accompanied General Rosecrans in the Missouri 
campaign across the State and into Kansas; at close 
of this campaign returned to St. Louis, ami resigned 
November 10, 1864; resignation accepted November 19, 
[864. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR 



53 



MAJOR-GENERAL FRANCIS J. HERRON, U.S.V. 

Major-General Frani is J. Herron was born in Pitts- 
burg, Pennsylvania, February 17, 183K, and graduated 
from the Western University of Pennsylvania in [854. 
Me entered the United States Army as captain in the 
First Iowa Volunteers in April, 1 861, although previously, 
January 15, 1861, he had tendered the services of his 
fully-uniformed and equipped company, the " Governor's 
Grays," of Dubuque, Iowa, to the Secretary of War, the 
Honorable Joseph Holt, who declined the offer, stating 
the government had no need for troops at the time. It 
was, however, the first offer of troops to the government. 
Captain Herron commanded his company through tin: 
entire campaign of General Lyon in Missouri, being in 
the engagements at Bonneville, Dug Springs, Ozark, and 
the final engagement at Wilson's Creek, where General 
Uyon was killed while leading the First Iowa Regiment 
in a charge. 

In September, 1861, Captain Herron was promoted to 
the lieutenant-colonelcy of the Ninth Iowa, and com- 
manded the regiment through all the campaigns of Gen- 
eral Curtis, in Missouri, Arkansas, and the Indian Ter- 
ritory. At the battle of Pea Ridge he was severely 
wounded and taken prisoner, but soon exchanged for 
Colonel Louis Hebert of the Third Louisiana. His regi- 
ment lost one-third their number in this battle. For ser- 
vices at Pea Ridge he was appointed brigadier-general of 
volunteers July [6, [862, and in December of that year 
commanded the Army of the Frontier, at the decisive 
battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, which ended Confed- 
erate rule north of the Arkansas River. It was to reach 
this point he made the celebrated forced march of one 
hundred and fourteen miles in three days, with his entire- 
command and an immense train. For services at Prairie 
Grove he was promoted major-general of volunteers 
November 19, 1862. After further service in Arkansas, 
General Herron joined Grant at Vicksburg, in 1863, with 
hi; Western troops, and was in command of the left divi- 
sion of the investing forces until the surrender. Generals 
Logan, McPherson, and Herron were the three officers 
selected by Grant to lead each a division into Vicksburg 
to receive the formal surrender on July 4, [863. Imme- 
diately after Vicksburg he commanded the army and 
navy expedition that captured Yazoo City ami the large 
fleet of boats anil supplies there. He was then ordered 
to the Department of the Gulf, and was in command of 
the Thirteenth Army Corps, occupying the Texas coast, 
with head-quarters at Brownsville, Texas. While there he- 




broke up the traffic across tin- Rio Grande, and under 
private instructions gave what aid he could to President 
Juarez, of Mexico, and prevented Maximilian's troops 
from establishing themselves at any point on the Rio 
Grande frontier. Lor his services in this line he received 
complimentary notice from Secretary Seward, and later 
an offer of a high command in the Mexican army from 
President Juarez. In March, [865, lie was assigned to 
the command of the Northern Division of Louisiana, with 
head-quarters at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, from which 
point he co-operated with Major-General Canby in his 
movement against Mobile, Alabama, and the army of the 
Confederate General Richard Taylor. In May he ar- 
ranged a meeting with Lieutenant-Generals S. B. Buck- 
ner, Sterling Price, and Brent, at the mouth of the Red 
River, and negotiate 1 the surrender of Lieutenant-Genera] 
Kirby Smith's Trans-Mississippi Army, and soon aftei 
received the formal surrender of all their troops, 1 
sixty thousand men, with their arms, artillery, and other 
war material, ami the entire Trans-Missis ippi I lepartment 
from Generals Kirby Smith and Buckner, at Shreveport, 
Louisiana. Here he remained until all the Confederate 
troops were paroled and sent home, and meantime sta- 
tioned garrisons throughout Texas, Northern Louisiana, 
and the Indian Territory. In Jul}-. 1865, General Herron 
was appointed on a commission with General Harn -v and 
others to negotiate new treaties with the Indian tribes. 
In [865 he resigned his commissions as major-general 
.mil Indian commi 



54 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR JOHN L. ROPER. 
U.S.V. 

Captain and Brevei Major John L. Roper, the son 
of Richard Bryham and Esther Ann Roper, was born 
( )ctober 9, [835, in the village of Greenwood, now called 
Belleville, in a beautiful valley of the Blue Ridge Moun- 
tains, known as " Big Valley," Mifflin Count}-, Pennsyl- 
vania. His father died when lie was only nine months 
old, leaving him and an elder brother and sister dependent 
upon their mother for support, and most nobly and hero- 
ically did she battle with the difficulties and trials with 
which she had to contend until tile children were able to 
contribute to their own support, which was at a very early 
age, the subject of this sketch beginning his career as a 
wage-earner when only eight years old. He was, on this 
account, necessarily deprived of the advantage to be de- 
rived from ,i good education, and was only permitted to 
attend a few winter sessions of the public school, ami 
thereafter such as he was able to acquire himself while 
engaged in the various positions which he filled. He was 
given a position in a store when thirteen years old. A 
year afterwards lie was given charge of the same store, 
which position he held for six years. He was then placed 
in charge of the books of the same company, and re- 
mained in that position until the spring of 1857, at which 
time he made the trip by water to California. 



Upon arriving there he determined to take the chances 
of the mines, and, armed with pick and shovel, adopted 
the life of a miner after the precious metals. It would 
require more space than can be spared to relate his 
various fortunes and adventures during his sojourn in 
California; but suffice it to say, that after four years of 
ups and downs in a varied experience, he found himself 
in circumstances such as would admit of a visit, as then 
intended, to his native State to see his honored mother, 
who was still living and the object of great solicitude 
upon his part. He left San Francisco in the early spring 
of 1 861, on his way to the Atlantic States. He found, 
upon arriving at his native place, that the excitement con- 
sequent upon the rebellion of the Southern States was 
running high, and, conceiving it to be his duty to respond 
to the call for troops, he enlisted as a private in what was 
first organized as Harlan's Light Cavalry, afterwards the 
Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavalry from having a majority 
of Pennsylvanians in it. He was made sergeant after its 
organization, and a few months later was commissioned 
as second lieutenant of his company by Governor A. G. 
Curtin. In 1863 he was appointed regimental commis- 
sary of subsistence with the rank of first lieutenant, and 
assigned to his regiment. He was commissioned in April, 
1864, by President Abraham Lincoln, as commissary of 
subsistence of volunteers, with the rank of captain, and 
assigned to the staff of General A. V. Kautz. vv ith whom 
he continued to serve until the close of his service in 
the spring of 1S65. On March 13, 1865, he was bre- 
vetted major for meritorious service. An extended notice 
of his service is not admissible here, but it can be said 
that lie participated honorably in all the active work of 
his company, regiment, and division, and received 
honorable mention at various times for the part he- 
took in the different engagements with which he was 
connected. 

At the close of the war he married Lydia H. Bowen, 
of Philadelphia, and settled in the city- of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, engaged in business, where he still resides and con- 
tinues actively engaged in the same, being identified with 
large interests in Virginia and North Carolina, the head 
of the well-known firm of John L. Roper Lumber Com- 
pany. 

Major Roper has a family consisting of five children, — 
three sons and two daughters. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



55 



FIRST LIEUTENANT AND ADJUTANT JOSEPH DAVIS. 

U.S.V. 

Lieutenant Joseph Davis (Thirtieth Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Veteran Volunteer Infantry), whose emigrant 
ancestor was William Davis, of Roxbury, Massachusetts 
(born in Wales in 1617), was born at Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, November 24, 1840, the oldest son of William 
Davis, Jr., one of the leading merchants of Boston, and 
his second wife, Maria Davis, of Roxbury. 

He is directly descended from the old Colonial Gover- 
nors John Winthrop and Thomas Dudley, and has prom- 
inent Revolutionary ancestry, being great-great-grandson 
of Aaron Davis, of Roxbury (captain of a company of 
Minute-Men, and, later, colonel of a Massachusetts regi- 
ment in the fight at Lexington), a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Provincial Congresses, General Court, etc., and is 
great-grandson of Moses Davis, private in " the first com- 
pany of Minute-Men raised in America," commanded by 
Captain Moses Whiting, in Colonel John Greaton's Minute 
Regiment, April 19, 1775. 

Lieutenant Davis was educated in the public schools of 
Boston and graduated by the English High School in 
1858. 

At a " war meeting" held in the Town-Hall of Medford, 
Massachusetts, the evening of April 18, 1861, he enlisted 
as a private in the Lawrence Light-Guard of Medford, 
Company E, Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Militia, then 
expecting marching orders. The next day, April 19, 1 861 , 
the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, as ordered, reported 
upon Boston Common, and from there marched to quar- 
ters in Faneuil Hall. Lieutenant Davis was on duty with 
the regiment at Washington and in Virginia till it was 
mustered out of service. 

He next enlisted January 2, 1862, in the regiment raised 
by General B. F. Butler, designated " The Eastern Bay 
State Regiment, No. 2, New England Division," and was 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Jonas H. French, commanding, 
appointed hospital steward. This regiment was afterwards 
called the Thirtieth Massachusetts, commanded by Colonel 
N. A. M. Dudley, of the regular army. Lieutenant Davis 
continued hospital steward at Ship Island, Mississippi, 
New ( )rleans, the first siege of Vicksburg, and battle of 
Baton Rouge, till commissioned second lieutenant and 
assigned to duty with Company K, of Gloucester, Massa- 
chusetts, October, 1862. 

The rest of his military service was with this regiment. 
He was present with it upon its every campaign and march. 
Engaged in the action of Plain Store, Louisiana, May 21, 
1863; siege of Port Hudson and Koch's Plantation, July 




13, 1863. At the close of [863 the regiment re-enlisted 
and became a veteran regiment. 

The malarial swamps of Louisiana were so fatal that it 
was a common circumstance that only one officer to a 
company was able to do duty. Prom this cause Lieu- 
tenant Davis was, while second lieutenant, assigned to 
command different companies, till he had at different times 
commanded every company in the regiment. He was a 
company commander in every battle in which his regi- 
ment was engaged after he received his commission. 

In Jul)', 1864, the Thirtieth Massachusetts was trans- 
ferred from Louisiana to Virginia, and Lieutenant Davis 
was with it in the pursuit of Early between Washington 
and the Shenandoah Valley, and in the battles < if ( )pequan, 
Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, etc. 

October 22, 1863, he was commissioned first lieutenant, 
and in October, 1864, was appointed regimental adjutant, 
which office he held until February 12, 1865, when, it 
being evident that the end of the war was near, and his 
health being undermined by the exposure, of long service, 
he was given a surgeon's certificate of disability, and 
resigned his commission. 

In July, 1865, he settled at Denver, Colorado, but 
moved in February, 1867, to Trinidad, Colorado, where 
he remained, engaged in business, till November, (886, 
when he returned to Denver, where he now | 
resides. 

Ljeutenant Davis was married November 4, [874, to 
Miss Sarah Augusta Davis, of Jerseyville, Illinois, and has 
one child, — Joseph Swallow Davis. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 




CHAPLAIN JOHN WESLEY ADAMS, U.S.V. 

Chaplain John Wesley Adam-, son of John and Mary 
(Taggart) Adams, was born in Townsend, Massachusetts, 
May 23, [832, and is the seventh generation from Henry 
Adams, the ancestor of the Presidents. A part of his 
childhood was spent in Temple, Maine. I le was educated 
.it the 1 )liver Grammar and High Schools, Lawrence, Mas- 
sachusetts, and was a teacher of vocal music for some 
years in that city. 

lie joined the New Hampshire Methodist Conference 
in [858, and has en;oyed successful pastorates in Rye, 
I terry, South Newmarket, North Salem, East Canaan, 
Winchester, Great Falls (High Street), Tilton, Newport, 
Exeter, Keene, and Greenland. For four years ( [877—80) 
he was the presiding elder of Concord District. In 1 876 he 
was chosen a delegate to the General Conference held at 
Baltimore. He has served four years as secretary of his 
conference, and fourteen years as president of the trustees 
ot the New Hampshire Conference Seminar)' and Female 
College at Tilton, New Hampshire. 

He was married February 20, [854, to Rebecca Hardi- 
son (deceased), and August 24, [858, to Lydia M. Tref- 
ethen (living). By his first wife he had one son, John F. 
(deceased), and one daughter (living), Mrs. Mary F. Ste- 
vens ; and by his second wife three sons and two daugh- 
ters,— Wilber F., Dr. Charles W. (living), Freddie 0. 
(deceased), Mrs. L. Viola Foss (living), and Sadie E. 

(dei eased). 

In 1861-62 Mr. Adams addressed many assemblies 
convened for the purpose of promoting enlistments. He 
was commissioned chaplain of General Gilman Marston's 
original command, "The Fighting Second," December 5, 
[863. He went immediately to his regiment, then guard- 
ing the Rebel Prison Camp at Point Lookout, Maryland. 
He devoted himself to the social and moral welfare of 



his comrade^ in camp and hospital. In 1864 he was with 
his men in the campaign of the Army of the James, par- 
ticipating in the battle, at Bermuda Hundred, Point of 
Rocks, Swift Creek, Proctor's Creek, Drury's Bluff, Cold 
Harbor, sec md engagement at Fair Oaks, and siege of 
Petersburg, and entering Richmond under General Devens 
the day of its surrender. 

On Fast-Day, June I, 1 S65 , he preached before his 
regiment a memorial sermon, on the death of Abraham 
Lincoln, from the text (2 Cor. iv. 9), "Cast down, but 
not destroyed." In July, 1865, he inagurated a school for 
colored children in the city of Fredericksburg. 

In a flattering testimonial on parchment, presented to 
Chaplain Adams on his final and honorable discharge at 
Concord, New Hamp hire, December 25, 1865, and signed 
by Colonel J. N. Patterson, his last commander, and all 
the commissioned officers of his regiment, these words 
occur: " In all the battles in which his regiment has been 
engaged since he joined it, he has performed his duty 
with bravery, always having been under fire, and fre- 
quently at the extreme front." 

With as regular public ministrations as the exigencies 
of war would allow, were interspersed social services, 
prayers at hospital, personal counsel, and the appropriate 
burial of the dead. He kept all his men supplied with 
good reading-matter, and the sick and feeble with such 
comforts as the Christian and Sanitary Commissions 
afforded. 

On tedious marches, many an exhausted soldier was 
enabled to get through by being helped into the chaplain's 
saddle. The many recognitions of his integrity, fidelity, 
and courage by his comrades are gratefully remembered. 

In 1S76 he revisited some of the Southern battle-fields 
made so familiar to him during the war. 

Since the war Chaplain Adams has been in constant 
demand for Memorial-Day services, lectures on his " Ex- 
periences as Army Chaplain," and camp-fire speeches. 
In 1883 he was poet of the veterans' reunion at Weirs, 
New- Hampshire. By request he read an original poem 
at the dedication of hi. regiment's monument on the 
Gettysburg battle-field ( [885). 

He always enjoyed the affection and confidence of Gen- 
eral Marston, and was chosen to make the dedicatory ad- 
dress when the general's monument was presented to the 
town of Exeter by the veterans of the Second Regiment, 
May 30, 1 891. 

In [890-91 Mr. Adams made a five-months' tour 
abroad, visiting many of the most interesting localities 
in the British Isles, the continent of Europe, Greece, 
Syria, Palestine, and Lower and Upper Egypt. These 
travels have enabled him to add considerably to his list 
of popular lectures. Chaplain .Adams is a member of 
Mo es N. Collins Post, 26, Grand Army of the Republic, 
and of the Mass. Commandery of the Loyal Legion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



COLONEL FRANK C. LOVELAND, U.S.V. 

Colonel Frank C. Loveland was born in Wellington, 
Lorain Count}-, Ohio, August 26, 1839, of New England 
parents. He was a student at Oberlin College when the 
Civil War broke out in 1861, when he enlisted in ( Company 
D, Sixth Ohio Cavalry, ( )ctober 26, 1 861, for three years 
or the war; was made sergeant December 14, 1S61; 
regimental commissary-sergeant March 1, 1862; ser- 
geant-major June I, 1862; was commissioned second 
lieutenant October 28, 1862 ; first lieutenant February 6, 
1863 ; captain July 2'-,, 1S64, for " gallant and meritorious 
services at the battle of .Enon Church," May 28, 1864; 
lieutenant-colonel April 20, 1865 ; and on July 30, 1865, 
he was commissioned colonel for long and meritorious 
service during the war. This regiment's first service in 
the field was in Virginia, under General Fremont, thence 
down the Shenandoah Valley, under General Fran/ Sigel ; 
then in the Army of Virginia in front of Washington, in 
the summer of 1862, under Pope; then with the Army of 
the Potomac, under McClellan, in the fall of 1862. It 
served with Burnside in the winter of 1862-63 in and 
about Falmouth and Fredericksburg; and was in the 
spring of 1863 under Hooker. 

Mr. Loveland participated with his regiment in the fol- 
lowing engagements : Woodstock, Virginia ; Mount Jack- 
son, Cross Keys, Luray Court-House, Warrenton, Pull 
Run, Chantilly, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Stone- 
man's raid, Stevensburg, and Aldie. It was here that 
the Sixth Ohio and Second New York Cavalry, the latter 
being General Kilpatrick's regiment, made the famous 
"charge about the Haystack," completely routing the 
rebels, but with considerable loss on both sides. Lieu- 
tenant Loveland, while leading his company in the 
charge that day. had his horse shot, and was much in- 
jured by being thrown some distance to the ground. He 
remained, however, with his regiment, and was in the 
battles of Middleburg, Virginia, Upperville, Gettysburg, 
Hagerstown, Maryland, Boonsborou^h, Falling Waters, 
Shepherdstown, Virginia, Rapidan Station, Sulphur 
Springs, Auburn Mills, Bristoe Station, Mine Run, Todd's 
Station, Mitchell's Shop, Yellow Tavern, Meadow Bridge, 
Virginia, and Hawes's Shop, or ^Enon Church, 1864. 
In this fight Lieutenant Loveland again had a horse shot 
from under him. Three days later, May 31, at (old 
Harbor, Virginia, he was struck by a shell and severely 
wounded. After lying on the field for one night and (.lav- 
he was conveyed to the Seminary Hospital, Georgetown, 
D.C., where he was confined for some months, during 
which time his regiment was in eight regular engage- 
ments. In the autumn of 1864 he rejoined his regiment 
as captain of Company B, and participated in the battles oi 
Hatcher's Run, Quaker Road, Dinwiddie Court-House, 
Five Forks, Jettersville, Deatonville, Sailor's Creek, Farm- 
ville, High Bridge, and Appomattox (Lee's surrender), 
8 



57 




April 8 and 9, 1865. The day following the surrender 
1 if ( ieneral Lee, the Sixth ( )hio Cavalry formed the escort 
of General Grant from Appomattox to Burkville Station, 
where he took the railroad train for Washington. 

In the early spring of 1865, when Colonel Loveland 
was yet a captain, he had command of the regiment, and 
remained in command of it until it was mustered out of 
the United States service at Petersburg, Virginia, Augu t. 
1865. After the close of the war he came to New York, 
and was successfully engaged in mercantile pursuits until 
1880, when he became interested in the canvass of his old 
comrade and friend, (ieneral Garfield, and from this date- 
much of his time has been devoted to political matters. 

Responding to the requests of some of the most promi- 
nent leaders of the Republican party in New York City, 
President Harrison in 1889 appointed Colonel Loveland 
disbursing pension-agent for the district comprising New 
York, New Jersey, and Connecticut, to succeed Major- 
General Franz Sigel. The position is one of great trust 
and responsibility. Nearly ten million dollars are annu- 
ally disbursed at this agency to about sixty thousand 
pensioners. Colonel Loveland is connected with the So- 
ciety of the Army of the Potomac ; the Grand Army of the 
Republic; a member of Lafayette Post, New York City; 
Gregg's Cavalry Association, Philadelphia ; the New York 
Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States; the United Service Club; the Society of 
the Sons of the Revolution; the New England So 
and "The Republican Club of tin City of New York." 

Colonel Loveland is descended from one Robert, then 
Thomas Loveland, both of whom came to tin-, country 
from England in 1665 and settled in that part of Weath- 
ersfield, Connecticut, known as Glastonbury. Elish 
great-grandfather, and Abner, the grandfathei , of < Lionel 
Loveland, were soldiers in the war of the Revolut 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL RUTHERFORD B. HAYES, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Major-General Rutherford B. Hayes, ex- 
President of the United States, was born in Delaware, < >hio, 
October 4, [822. At the outbreak of the Rebellion, he- 
was elected captain of the military company formed from 
the celebrated Cincinnati Literary Club. In fune, 1861, 
he was appointed major of the Twenty-third < >lii< > In- 
fantry, and was ordered to West Virginia in [uly follow- 
ing, remaining there until the summer of [862, when his 
command was transferred to the Potomac, and partici- 
pated in the battle of Smith Mountain. In this action 
Hayes was severely wounded in the arm. He served in 
West Virginia in 1863, against John Morgan in ( )hio, and 
in the movement against the Tennessee Railroad in the 
spring of [864, and led a brigade with marked success 
in the battle of Lloyd's .Mountain. 

He took part in several engagements between Early 
and Sheridan's troops prior to the battle of Winchester. 
In that important encounter he had the right of Crook's 
command, and it was therefore his troops which, in con- 
junction with the cavalry, executed the turning manoem re 
that decided the fate of the day. 

At one point in the advance his command came upon 
a deep slough, fifty yards wide and stretching across the 
whole front of his brigade. Beyond was a rebel bat- 
tery. If the brigade endeavored to move around the 
obstruction it would be exposed to a severe enfilading 
lire; while, if discomfited, the line of advance would be 
broken in a vital part. Hayes, with the instinct of a 
soldier, at once gave the word " Forward!" and spurred 
his horse into the swamp. Horse and rider plunged at 
first nearly out of sight, but Hayes struggled on till the 
beast sank hopelessly into the mire. Then dismounting, 
he waded to the farther bank, climbed to the top, and 



beckoned with his cap to the men to follow. In the at- 
tempt to obey many were shot or drowned, but a suffi- 
cient number crossed the ditch to form a nucleus for the 
brigade ; and, I [ayes still leading, they climbed the bank 
and charged the batter)-. The enemy fled in great dis- 
order, and Hayes reformed his men and resumed the 
advance. The- passage of the slough was at the crisis of 
the fight, and the rebels broke on every side in con- 
fusion. 

At Fisher's llill Hayes led a division in the turning 
movement assigned to Crook's command. Clambering 
up the steep sides of North Mountain, which was cov- 
ered with an almost impenetrable entanglement of trees 
and underbrush, the division gained, unperceived, a 
position in rear of the enemy's line, and then charged 
with so much fury that the rebels hardly attempted to 
resist, but lied in utter rout and dismay. Hayes was at 
the head of his column throughout this brilliant charge. 

At Cedar Creek he was again engaged. While riding 
at full speed, his horse was shot under him, but, soon 
recovering, he sprang to his feet and limped to his com- 
mand. 

" For gallant and meritorious service in the battles of 
Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek," Colonel 
Hayes was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general of 
volunteers, and brevetted major-general for " gallant and 
distinguished service during the campaign of 1864 in 
West Virginia, and particularly in the battles of Fisher's 
Hill and Cedar Creek." He had commanded a brigade 
for more than two years, and at the time of these promo- 
tions was in command of the Kanawha division. In the 
course of his service in the army he was live times 
wounded, and had four horses shot under him. 

General Haves was in 1S64, while in the field, elected 
1,1 G ingress, and in 1 866 was re-elected. I le was elected 
governor of Ohio in 1S67, and re-elected in [869 and 
in 1875. He tilled the office of President of the United 
States from March 4, 1X77, to 1881, and is now living 
in private life at his home in Ohio. 

General Grant, in his Memoirs (Vol. II.), says of General 
1 hues : 

"On more than one occasion in these engagements 
General R. B. I laves, who succeeded me as President of 
the United States, bore a very honorable part. His con- 
duct on the field was marked by conspicuous gallantry as 
well as the display of qualities of a higher order than 
that of mere personal daring. This might well have 
been expected of one who could write at the time he is 
said to have done so, 'Any officer tit lor duty who at 
this crisis would abandon his post to electioneer lor a seat 
in Congress ought to be scalped.' Having entered the 
army as a major of volunteers at the beginning of the 
war. General Haves attained by meritorious service the 
rank of brevet major-general before its close." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



59 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL CHARLES PAINE 
HERRING, U.S.V. (deceased). 

Brevet Brigadier-General Charles Paine Herring 
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, August 8, 1827. 
He was of English and French descent, and was ,1 nephew 
of Rembrandt Peale. He was, until the opening of the 
Rebellion, engaged in mercantile pursuits in Philadelphia. 
In June, 1861, he became second lieutenant of Companj 
C of the Gray Reserves, commanded by Captain Chai le 
ML Prevost. In May, 1862, he acted as adjutant of the 
battalion, under Colonel Charles S. Smith, which was 
employed in quelling the riots in Schuylkill County. In 
August of the same year, upon the formation of the ( >ne 
Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, he was commissioned major, and Captain Charles 
M. Prevost received the commission of colonel. < )n Sep- 
tember 20, a few weeks only after being mustered into the 
service, the regiment became involved in the memorable 
disaster at Shepherdstown, Virginia. It had been with 
the reserve in the preceding battle of Antietam, but with 
that exception had never been under fire. A gallant stain I 
was made, but it was soon forced from the field by sheer 
weight of numbers. The action lasted for a few moments 
only, but the losses were remarkably severe. There- 
were one hundred and seventy-seven killed and wounded, 
besides ninety-three taken prisoners, of perhaps six hun- 
dred taken into action. It was in this engagement that 
General Charles M. Prevost received the wound which 
ultimately terminated his life. General Herring rendered 
himself conspicuous by his services on this occasion, and 
displayed that remarkable coolness and bravery which 
characterized his conduct in every succeeding engage- 
ment. It was due in large degree to his soldierly conduct, 
after General Prevost was disabled, that the balance of the 
regiment was able to retire from the field. At the battle 
of Fredericksburg he was wounded in both arms, but for 
some time refused to leave his command. At Chancel- 
lorsville he commanded the rear-guard in the retreat "I 
the army across the river. At Gettysburg, where the 
position of his regiment on the second day was particu- 
larly hazardous, he was again distinguished. He was in 
command of his regiment during the Wilderness cam- 
paign, except on the first day. A brilliant charge led by 
him on the evening of May 8, while in command of a 
brigade of five regiments, received the especial commen- 
dation of his superior officers. He continued uninter- 
ruptedly with his regiment, with great self-abnegation 
refusing promotions which would have severed his con- 
nection with it, until he received at Dabney's Mill, Feb- 




ruary 6, 1865, the wound which resulted in the loss of his 
right leg. 

General Herring was promoted lieutenant-colonel 
November 1, 1863, and breveted colonel United States 
volunteers December 2, 1864, " fur gallant services at the 
battle of the Wilderness and during the present campaign 
before Richmond, Virginia ;" brigadier-general March 13, 
1865, "for gallant and meritorious services in the battle 
of Hatcher's Run, Virginia." 

General Herring was honorably mustered out June 1. 
1865. After the close of the war he engaged in busi- 
ness in Philadelphia with General Charles M. Prevost. A 
friendship and devotion cemented in the varied scenes of 
the march and camp and battle was continued for many 
years in the close relations of business. General Prevost's 
death preceded the death of General Herring by little 
more than one year. 

General Herring was a noble man. There were men 
as brave as he, although his bravery was remarkable. 
There were men who, like him, showed not only courage, 
but presence of mind and skill in the roar of battle. 
There were men as unselfish and devoted in their patriot- 
ism. There were men whose lives revealed the same 
simple and beautiful faith and earnest piety. Put in him 
were combined an exceptional number of qualities at once 
noble, manly, and admirable. There must have been a 
rare charm and worth in his life to cause brave men, 
soldiers of many battle-fields, to look int.. his coffin with 
tear-dimmed eyes. 

General Herring died January 17, 1 880, at Philadelphia, 

Pennsylvania. 



6o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR GEORGE CLINTON HOPPER, U.S.V. 

Major George Clinton Hopper was born at Jordan, 
( >nondaga County, New York, March 20, 1831. He re- 
ceived an education at the common schools of Seneca 
County and the Waterloo Academy, and at the age of 
fourteen entered the service of his father, a railroad con- 
tractor, who built a portion of the New York Central & 
Hudson River Railroad, then called the Auburn & 
Rochester Railroad. < )ne year afterwards he removed to 
Michigan, and took position on the Michigan Central as 
clerk, where he remained five years; he then took the 
position of conductor, running between Detroit and Chi- 
1 ago ten years, when the outbreak of the war called him 
to the field. 

He entered the first Michigan Infantry, and was mus- 
tered as first lieutenant at Ann Arbor, August 19, [861. 
He went with his regiment to Washington about the 15th 
of September ; camped at Bladensburg and Annapolis 
Junction, doing duty .is railroad guard, in which duty he- 
was in command of his company ten weeks. In April he 
was ordered to Old Point Comfort, and took part in the 
advance on Norfolk and Portsmouth, which resulted in 
restoring those places to the Union. 

On April 2.S, 1862, he was promoted to captain. 
About June 20 he joined the Army of the Potomac at 
Gaines' Mill, and was engaged in the battles of Me- 
chanicsville, June 26, and Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1X62; 



was shot in the right side in the last battle, and sent to 
Washington. 

Rejoining the regiment at Harrison's Landing, August 
10, 1 863, with his company, he supported General Averell 
in a reconnoissance to the south side of the James River, 
and had a fight with Confederate cavalry. August 29, 
1802, was engaged on the skirmish line at Hull Run, and 
August 30, while charging on the enemy, was shot 
through the right thigh and taken prisoner; was paroled 
on the field, and taken to Washington. I le was exchanged 
and rejoined the army December 20, 1862, and was in 
the "mud march," January 20, 1863. 

He was promoted to major March iS, [863; was 
under fire three days at Chancellorsville ; supported the 
cavalry at Kelly's Ford in its fight at Brandy Station, 



June 



9- 



1 86 : 



He joined General Yincenfs brigade at 



Aldie Gap, in their support of the cavalry in its advance- 
to Ashby's Gap, June 21, [863, and was engaged fuly 2 
and :;, [863, at Gettysburg. 

( )n August 20, [863, he was detailed as president of a 
board of examination of the non-commissioned officers 
of the First Division, Fifth Corps, for promotion. 

November 7, 1863, took part in the capture of the fort 
at Rappahannock Station. ( >n November 26 took com- 
mand of the regiment on its Mine Run campaign. He 
was in command of the skirmish line in its first advance, 
May 5, 1864, on the road to Robinson's Tavern, and was 
hit by a spent ball ; on the 6th was hit by a piece of shell ; 
on the 8th was engaged at Laurel Hill ; on the night of 
the IOth had a fight on the picket line; on the 24th 
was engaged at Jericho Ford, North Anna River; was 
engaged at Tolopotomy, May 30, 1864 ; Magnolia Swamp, 
June 1 ; Bethesda Church, June 2. 

On June 17 and 18 was engaged at Petersburg; 
on August 18, 19, and 21 was engaged in the battle of 
the Weldon Railroad. 

( )n the 26th of September, 1864, he left the service, in 
accordance with an order dated September 2 1 , for muster 
out. 

He resumed his old business of conductor on the Mich- 
igan Central Railroad, which he followed for two years; 
he then was agent at Jackson, Michigan, for five years; 
assistant superintendent eighteen months, which he gave 
up to take the position of paymaster for the Michigan 
Central System, which he has filled nineteen years, and 
still holds. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



61 



MAJOR EDMUND L. JOY, U.S.V., JUDGE-ADVOCATE 

(deceased). 

Major Edmund L. Joy was born in Albany, New York, 
October i, 1835. He was a descendant of Thomas foy, 
who emigrated with Winthrop and his company to this 
country from Hingham, England, and settled in Boston 
in 1630. On his mother's side he was descended from 
Anthony Stoddard, who also emigrated from England, 
and settled in Boston in 1639. His grandfather, Nathaniel 
Joy, fought in the Revolutionary War. 1 lis father, Charle 
Joy, went to Newark, New Jersey, and in [855 established 
himself there in business, which he conducted until his 
death, in [873. 

Edmund 1.. Joy, after receiving a preparatory education 
at the Albany Academy, entered the University of Roch- 
ester, from which he was graduated in [856. He was 
admitted to the bar of New York in (857, and afterwards 
removed to Iowa, where he practised his profession with 
success. 

At the 1 mtbreak 1 >f the (Til War he es] >< msed the Unit >n 
cause and took an active part in raising troops, lie was 
mustered into the United Stales service as captain Com- 
pany B, Thirty-sixth Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry, 
October 4, 1862, and served in the Department of Ten- 
nessee at Fort Pickering, Memphis, in the autumn of that 
year. During the Vicksburg campaign he was with the 
Yazoo Pass Expedition, and participated in the engage- 
ment at Fort PembertiHi, Mississippi. He commanded 
the left wing of the regiment at the battle of Helena, ami 
took part in the movements resulting in the capture ol 
Little Rock. At one time he was in command of the 
provost guard at Helena, Arkansas. 

In 1S64 President Lincoln appointed him major and 
judge-advocate U. S. Volunteers. He was assigned to the 
Seventh Army Corps, which was under the command of 
Major-General Frederick Steele, a graduate of West 
Point in the class of 1843, a distinguished officer in the 
Mexican War, and subsequently, and until his death in 
1868, commander of the Department of the Columbia. 
Edmund L. Joy, besides being on the staff of General 
Steele, was also made judge-advocate of the Department 
of the Arkansas, with head-quarters at Little Rock, 
Arkansas. He had much to do in this capacity with the 
organization of a Judicial System for Arkansas and the 
Indian Territory, and aided in the organization oi a Stat. 
government under a new constitution for the State of 
Arkansas. He resigned his commission and was honor- 
ably discharged May 7, (865. At the close of the war 
he returned to Newark, but with health so impaired by 
his military service, that it was impossible lor him to 
resume the practice of his profession. He therefore 
entered into partnership with his father, and alter his 
father's death succeeded to the business, becoming a 
member of the New York Produce Exchange. 




Edmund L. Joy was eminently a public-spirited man, 
and deeply interested in all that pertained to the welfare 
of the Lit)- of Newark and of the State in which he 
lived. 

He was an ardent Republican, and in 1S71 and [872 
was a member of the New Jersey House of Assembly, 
and in the latter year was chairman of the Judiciary Com- 
mittee. 

He was a member of the Board of Education of 
the city of Newark from 1877 to 1889, and for three 
years was honored with the presidency of that body. I It- 
was a member of the Newark Board of Trade, was its 
president in I S75 and 1876, and from that time till his 
death served as treasurer of the board. He was a direc- 
tor of the Manufacturers' National Bank of Newark, and 
was identified with other institutions, both financial and 
charitable. 

In 18S0 he was a delegate from New Jersey to the 
National Republican Convention which met in Chicago 
and nominated James A. Garfield for the Presidency. 
In 1SS4 he was appointed by President Arthur a 
government director of the Union Pacific Railroad 
Company. 

lie was conspicuously a racy and genial companion, 
and his ability as a speaker was unquestioned. He was 
"a zealous patriot, a gallant soldier, a scholar, and a 
Christian gentleman of many accomplishments." 

In 1862 he married Miss Theresa R. Thrall, a daughter 
of the late Homer L. Thrall, M.D., who was a Prof 
of Chemistry in Kenyon College, and subsequent! 
Materia Medica and General Patholog) in Starling Medi- 
cal College, Columbus, ( )hio. 

He died February 14, 1892, and, besides his widow, 
left two sons— Edmund Frederick Steele joy and Homer 
Xhrall joy— and one daughter, Mrs. R. Delos Martyn, 
of Chicai 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY volunteer) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL LEVI BIRD DUFF. U.S.V. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Levi Bird Duff was born near 
Saulsburg, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, 13th Sep- 
tember, [837, of Pennsylvania parents. His father, Sam- 
uel Duff, was born at Perkiomen Bridge, Montgom- 
ery County, and his mother, Catherine Eckeberger, in 
1 [untingdon. 

He was educated at Eldersridge Academy and Alle- 
gheny College, graduating from the latter in June, 1857. 
lie studied law in Pittsburg and was admitted to the bar 
in April, i860. May 1, [861, he enlisted in Company A, 
Ninth Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, and was 
mustered into the United States' service at Washington 
|ulv 26, [861, as corporal. The regiment was engaged 
at Dranesville, December jo. 1861, and the Command- 
ing General < >rd recommended a number of officers and 
privates "for reward for gallant conduct" in the enga 
ment, among whom was Corporal Duff 

February 6, [862, Mr. Duff was appointed captain of 
Company D,One Hundred and Fifth Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, then in Heintzelman's division of the 
Army of the Potomac, subsequently the First Division of 
the Third Army Corps. Captain Duff had command of 
his company during the siege of Yorktown anil at the 
battles of Williamsburg and Fair Oaks (or Seven I'm. 1, 
where he was severely wounded in the right chest by a 
musket-ball which passed through his right lung. 

( )n recovering from his wound he rejoined his regiment 
at Harrison's Landing, August 16, [862. The division 
was ordered to join General Pope, and when General 
Jackson captured Manassas Junction, Captain Duff with 
his company was guarding the railroad at Catlett's Sta- 
tion. He joined General I looker in the pursuit of lack- 
son, and was engaged at Kettle Run August 2;, [862. 
He rejoined his own regiment and w as engaged at Bull 



Run August 29 and 30, and at Chantilly September 1, 
where General Kearney, commanding division, was 
killed. During the Antietam campaign the division lay 
in front of Washington, but joined the army on the march 
to the Rappahannock. Captain Duff commanded his 
company during this march and at tin- battle oi Freder- 
icksburg, 13th December. 1 862. 

In March, [863, he was appointed acting assistant 
inspector-general of the First Brigade, First Division, 
Third Corps. He served on the staff at Chancellorsville, 
anil General Birney, commanding division, said he was 
" proud of the conduct displayed by Captain Dull" on that 
field of battle." 

May 4, 1863, he was promoted to major of his regi- 
ment, and May 1 1 he was appointed acting assistant 
inspector-general of the Third Division, Third Corps; 
and June 26 appointed acting assistant inspector-general 
of the First Division, Third Corps. He served on the 
staff at Gettysburg and in the campaign to the Rappahan- 
nock, including the affair at Manassas (lap. July 24, 1863, 

In November, 1863, he was placed in command of the 
One Hundred and Tenth Regiment Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, which he commanded in the Mine Run cam- 
paign anil until December J I. 

April (j, 1864, he was appointed acting assistant in- 
spector-general of the First Division, Third Corps, then 
the Third Division of the Second Corps. He served on 
the staff at the Wilderness, and was then, .it his own 
request, returned to his regiment. He commanded his 
own regiment ami the Sixty-third Pennsylvania Volun- 
■ :rs, which was added to his own for field-service, from 
May S until June iS, ami was engaged at Po River, Spott- 
sylvania Court-House, North Anna, Totopotomy, Cold 
Harbor, and the first assaults oil Petersburg. June iS.in 
an assault on Petersburg, commonly called by the soldiers 
the " Hare-House slaughter," he was wounded, with loss 
1 if his right leg. 

May 18, [864, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of 
his regiment. October 25, being disabled for field duty, 
he was, at his own request, discharged from the service. 
He returned to Pittsburg and resumed the practice oi his 
profession. In [865 he was elected district attorney oi 
Allegheny County, and held the office three years. 

In a letter dated August 31, 1864, General Birney, 
commander of the Tenth Corps, says, " It gives me pleas- 
ure to state that I have always regarded Major Duff as 
one of the best soldiers and most efficient officers in my 
former command, the Third Division, Second Army 
Corps." 

Colonel Duff was married July 21, [862, to Harriet H. 
Nixon, who died July 1 ^, 1877. He was again married 
January if), 188 2, to Agnes F. Kaufman. Two sons, 
children of the first wife, — Samuel Eckeberger ami Heze- 
kiah Nixon, — are living. 



WHO SERVED JX THE CIVIL WAR. 






BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONKL MARTIN L. BUNMY. 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Martin L. Bundy was 
born November 11, i8i8,in Randolph County, North Cai 
olina, of Revolutionary ancestors, his grandfather having 
served during the war in the Continental army of patriots. 
The family removed the following year to the then re- 
cently-organized State of Indiana and settled in Henn 
County, adjoining Newcastle, the county-seat, where the 
subject of this sketch received his education in the com- 
mon schools and at Miami University, < Ixford, < >hio. I le 
studied law with Judge Elliott, was admitted to the bar, 
and practised his profession successfully. He married 
the sister of his law-preceptor, Amanda Elliott, and a 
large family were born to them, of whom his oldest son, 
Eugene, is now the judge of the judicial circuit, and his 
youngest son, Omar, having graduated at the Military 
Academy of West Point, is now an officer of the Third 
U. S. Infantry, having chosen the army instead of civil life. 

Colonel Bundy served the public as county treasurer 
from 1S44 to 1S47, and the following year he was chosen 
a member of the State Legislature, serving his constit- 
uents acceptably. In 1852 he was elected judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas, and served as such for eight 
years. At the expiration of his judicial term he was 
again sent to the Legislature in i860, and gave efficient 
aid in raising the Indiana troops, which became so con 
spicuous during the Civil War under the patronage of that 
great war-governor, < >. P. Morton. 

lie was made a paymaster of the army in August, 
1861, unexpectedly and without his solicitation, and 
immediately entered upon the duties in the Department 
of Missouri, of which General Fremont was then in com- 
mand. He served as ordered in different departments 
with so much satisfaction that, on changing his station, 
the paymaster-general wrote as follows : " The efHciem \ 
and intelligence with which you have performed all your 
duties cause the deepest regret at being compelled to 
part with you." After a service of nearly five years he 




retired in the spring of 1 866, though advised that he 
1 ould remain if he desired. 

lie was a member of the National Republican (omen 
tion of 1856 which nominated John C. Fremont for Pn i 
dent of the United States, as well as the convention of 
[872, which met in Philadelphia and re-nominated General 
Grant for President. 

At the close of the war of the Rebellion a commission 
as brevet lieutenant-colonel was sent him for " meritorious 
services dining the war;" after which he engaged in 
banking, and was successful, lie was lor several yeai 
examiner of national banks under the Treasury Depart 
ment, and contributed much towards keeping them in the 
line of duty. lie has now disposed of all his interest in 
banks, and is giving his attention to farming, and is 
endeavoring to live that "ideal life" which all commend 
but few attain. lie is now in the "sere and yellow leal" 
of age, but taki a deep interest in current events. It 
was Goethe who said, in speaking of age, "Orange and 
red are the evidences of maturity and ripeness, not oi 
decay and decomposition." 



64 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




COLONEL ULR1C DAHLGRKN. U.S.A. (deceased). 

Colonel Ulric Dahlgren was the second son of 
Rear-Admiral John Adolf and Mary Dahlgren, and was 
born April 3, 1842, in Rucks County. Pennsylvania. 

Completing Ins school-days in 1858, it was decided 
that his vocation was civil engineering, and, as he had 
received much practical instruction from his father, he 
was in 1859 employed to survey some tracts of wild land 
in Mississippi. In September. [860, in obedience to his 
father's wishes, he entered a Philadelphia law-office, but 
amid the rush of events which followed the inauguration 
of President Lincoln he desired to serve his country, and 
July 24, [861, he was attached to a naval expedition from 
the Washington Yard to assist in the defence of Alex- 
andria, Virginia. As it became evident by September 
that active operations could not be expected before 
sprint;, Ulric again yielded to his father's wishes anil re- 
sumed his law studies, with the promise that he would 
be recalled when the hour of action should come. 

During the winter of 1861—62 he was one of an asso- 
ciation of young men who formed a light artillery com- 
pany 111 Philadelphia, at the same time pursuing his 
studies, and the last entrance of his written memoranda 
is, " Examination, February 24, [862." 

On the 26th of May, [862, young Dahlgren, who was 
then just twenty years old, was sent to Harper's Ferry, 
in charge of a batter)' of navy howitzers, and on the 
2<;th was sent back to Washington to obtain needed sup- 
plies of ammunition. His father was in the private office 
of Secretary Stanton, together with the President. Ulric's 
report was so well made anil created such an impression 
that, as he was passing out, Mr. Stanton tendered him 
the appointment of captain and additional aide-de-camp. 
lie leached Harper's Ferry the next morning in time to 
take part in the final repulse of the rebels. 



Captain 1 lahlgren was attached to the staff of General 
Sigel, who thus speaks of him in the series of movements 
made at this time and subsequently: 

"Captain Dahlgren's services generally, on the line of 
the Rappahannock, where he was continuously engaged 
in meeting the enemys' batteries with our own, to facili- 
tate thereby the march of our troops and trains alongside 
ot the river, were most valuable." 

" At tin battles of Bull Run and Groveton on the 29th 
and 30th of August he was, almost without interruption, 
engaged in planting or relieving our batteries under the 
most galling fire of the enemy." 

General Sigel desired to make Captain Dahlgren chief 
of artillery of his corps, anil in a note addressed to the 
governor of Pennsylvania, endorsed by President Lincoln 
and Admirals Smith and Foote, spoke of his aide as a 
"young officer of merit and usefulness, who has already 
distinguished himself and reflected much credit on the 
service." 

Captain Dahlgren's dash with sixty men into Freder- 
icksburg is well known to history. In the face of fixe 
hundred or six hundred of the enemy he held the city 
for three hours, and then retired with thirty-one prisoners 
and their horses and accoutrements. He was among 
those to cross the river in boats on December 11 to 
dislodge the sharp-shooters. The captain subsequently 
served on the staff of General Hooker and participated 
in the battles of Chancellorsville and Beverly Ford, and 
was retained on the staff of General Meade when that 
officer assumed command of the Army of the Potomac. 
While in this position, with ten men he entered Green- 
castle anil captured most important despatches, riding 
with them thirty miles to Gettysburg. Hi' was given 
one hundred nun to operate with, and July 4, 1863, he 
attacked Jenkins's cavalry and captured Greencastle, and 
on his way back dashed into a rebel train, destroyed one 
hundred and seventy-six wagons, captured two hundred 
prisoners, three hundred horses, and one piece of artillery. 
In his efforts to reach Hagerstown during the attack on 
the rebels, July 6, hi- was wounded, and his foot had to 
be amputated, and on the 24th of Jul)- he received his 
commission as colonel. 

Returning to the field on February 18, 1864, he was 
given a command of live hundred picked men to join an 
expedition to release the Union prisoners at Richmond, 
Virginia. Colonel Dahlgren drove the enemy's pickets 
into their works around Richmond, but the country being 
aroused he could not make the junction with Kilpatrick, 
anil in endeavoring to return to the Union lines he was 
ambushed, and killed at the head of his command by 
being shot in the side and back. His remains were se- 
cured at the close of the war, and, after lying in state in 
the City Hall of Washington and Independence Hall of 
Philadelphia, were buried with distinguished honors. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOSEPH SCOTT 
FULLERTON, U.S.V. 

Brigadier-General Joseph Scott Fullerton was 
born in Chillicothe, ( )hio. At the age of sixteen he 
entered the Freshman class at Miami University, and 
graduated in 1855. He entered the Cincinnati Law 
School, graduating there in 1858. Soon after leaving the 
Law School he removed from Chillicothe to St. Louis, 
Missouri. There, while preparing to practise his profes- 
sion, he took an active part with the Union men of Mis- 
souri in their struggle against secession. In the fall of 
1 86 1 he was appointed secretary of a committee, being 
the Honorable Joseph Holt, Judge David Davis, ami 
Honorable Hugh Campbell, appointed by the President 
to examine into the military affairs of the Department of 
the West. Though anxious for field service, he was being 
unwillingly detained in the rear by the work of this com- 
mission till the fall of 1862. He was offered by Governor 
Gamble, of Missouri, a commission as major of infantry, 
but declined this because of his want of military knowl- 
edge. 

At once, being relieved from the commission, he 
entered the service as a private. October 14, 1862, 
soon after enlisting, he was appointed lieutenant in the 
Second Missouri Infantry, and at the request of Major- 
General Gordon Granger was detailed for duty with him 
as aide-de-camp. In such capacity he served in the Ken- 
tucky campaign till the spring of 1863. In April, 1863, 
he was appointed major and assistant adjutant-general, and 
assigned to duty as General Granger's chief of staff. Si m >n 
after the battle of Chickamauga he was appointed assistant 
adjutant-general, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and 
assigned to duty as assistant adjutant-general of the 
Fourth Army Corps. He was ordered to duty as assist- 
ant adjutant-general of the Army of the Tennessee by the 
War Department when General Sherman was about to 
move with that army from Atlanta to the sea ; but Gen- 
eral Thomas objecting to the transfer, he was retained with 
the Army of the Cumberland. 

General Fullerton participated in the first battle at 
Franklin, Tennessee ; Shelbyville, Chickamauga, Mis- 
sionary Ridge, Buzzard Roost Gap, Dalton, Resaca, New 
Hope Church, Pine-Top Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, 
Peach-Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesborough, Lovejoy Sta- 
tion, Columbia, Spring Hill, Franklin, Nashville, etc. He 
was brevetted colonel for " distinguished services and 
gallantry in the Atlanta campaign," and brigadier-general 
" for most valuable services and distinguished personal 
gallantry at the battles of Franklin and Nashville." In 
May, 1865, he was assigned to duty to assist General 
Howard in organizing the Freedmen's Bureau. From 
this duty he asked to be relieved. In October, 1865, 
he was sent by President Johnson to adjust the diffi- 
culties existing in Louisiana between State officers, citi- 



65 




zens, officers of the military service, and officers of 
the Freedmen's Bureau. 1 [aving succeeded in this work, 
he returned to Washington and offered his resignation 
from the military service. Such was not accepted, 
and he was assigned to duty with the President as act- 
ing military secretary. In April, 1866, he was scut South 
with General J. P. Stedman, by the President, to inspect 
the social and political condition of the people, and the 
conduct of the Freedmen's Bureau. The reports made 
by these officers caused expressions of great bitter- 
ness from radical politicians then engaged in the work of 
reconstruction in the Southern States. Put concerning 
their reports the leading Republican paper of the day, the 
New York Tribune, said, " The two commissioners have 
performed an important public service. . . . Generals 
Stedman and Fullerton have pricked some pretty bubbles. 
They have exposed the hollowness of much maudlin 
sympathy for the negro," etc. Having performed this 
duty, General Fullerton again, for the third time, tend, n '1 
his resignation from the military service, and urging this 
it was accepted, and he was mustered out in September, 
1866. 

He was offered the commission of colonel of one 
of the new regiments of the regular army, hut not caring 
for military life in the time of peace declined the same, 
and returned to civil life. After leaving the service he- 
was appointed postmaster of St. Louis, which office he 
held for two years, and then retired to take up the pra 
of law. For twenty-five years lie has been tn 
the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, next to the 
G. A. R. the largest military society. 

In the fall of 1890 he gave up the practice of law in 
St. Louis, and since then ha - lively engaged as 

chairman of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National 
Military Park Commissi 



66 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (.volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JAMES MONROE 
DEEMS, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General James Monroe Deems, 
whose name is associated with music, particularly in the 
State of Maryland, was born in the city of Baltimore, 
January 9, [818. His grandfather, Frederick Deems, 
served in Captain William Craig's company, Third Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Infantry, during the Revolution. His 
father, Jacob Deems, was a popular and public-spirited 
citizen of Baltimore, and commanded a company in the 
Fifty-third Regiment Maryland Infantry, in the war of 
1 81 2. At an early age the subject of this sketch de- 
veloped a decided talent for music and received instruc- 
tion on several orchestral instruments, also on the piano. 
In [839 he went to Germany, locating in Dresden, where 
he studied composition and violoncello with J. J. F. Dot- 
zauer, then the first violoncellist in Europe. In 1S41 he 
returned to the United States and followed the profession 
of music in his native city till 1848, when he was ap- 
pointed instructor of music at the University of Virginia. 
In 1858—59 he travelled in Europe with his family, re- 



turning once more to Baltimore, where he re-engaged in 
active professional life. At the beginning of the war, in 
1 861, he assisted in raising the First Man-land Cavalry, 
of which he was appointed first major by President Lin- 
coln. He was assigned to General Saxton's command 
at Harper's Ferry. In May, 1862, he was given the 
command of a reconnoitring part}' consisting of six 
companies of his own regiment, two pieces of artillery 
under Lieutenant Loder, and one regiment of Pennsyl- 
vania infantry, to discover the position of Stonewall Jack- 
son. Proceeding to Charlestown, he met the enemy's 
cavalry under General Mumford, drove them through 
the town on Jackson's corps, maintaining his position 
about one hour, and finally retired slowly upon Harper's 
Ferry. He was under General Sigel on his first advance 
southward, and afterwards in General Hatch's command. 
Prior to the second Bull Run battle he was detailed as 
chief of cavalry on the staff of the Eleventh Corps, and 
after the second battle of Fredericksburg he was ordered 
with his regiment to join the cavalry corps under General 
Stoneman, and participated in his raid. He commanded 
his regiment as lieutenant-colonel in all the great cavalry 
fights of. 1 S63 in General Gregg's division at Brandy Sta- 
tion, Aldie, Gettysburg, and Shepherdstown. In Septem- 
ber he was sent to hospital, having contracted rheumatism 
from exposure. In November, 1863, he was discharged 
from the hospital at Annapolis, Maryland, for disability. 
In 1865 he was brevctted brigadier-general by Congress 
for gallantry on the field of battle. He is a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, Masonic Fra- 
ternity, and Loyal Legion, and also of Franklin Square 
Baptist Church. 

Since the war General Deems has followed his profes- 
sion with renewed enthusiasm, having written a vocal in- 
structor, piano, cornet, and organ methods. He has 
composed a grand opera, comic opera, and an oratorio, 
(Nebuchadnezzar,) the finale of which is a triple fugue 
with three subjects, each taking the place of soprano, 
alto, tenor, and bass to the other subjects ; has also written 
much for piano and voice. He resides yet in Baltimore. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



CAPTAIN ANTHONY TAYLOR, U.S.V. 

Captain Anthony Taylor was born in Burlington 
Count}-, New Jersey, October 1 1, 1837, and was educated 
at the Protestant Kpiscopal Academy, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. He enlisted early in August, [862, as .1 private 
in the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, a picked regiment 
from all parts of the State, and was mustered in for three 
years, August 22. 1862, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He- 
was soon after promoted corporal, and early in Septem- 
ber, as one of the two hundred and lift)- picked men of 
the regiment, was ordered to the front and participated 
in the battle of Antietam. Soon after Lee's retreat the 
regiment was ordered West, and arrived at Nashville, 
Tennessee, just on the eve of the movement of the Army 
of the Cumberland, under General Rosecrans, against 
Bragg. 

December 26, [862, an order was issued for the regi- 
ment to advance as part of General Stanley's division of 
cavalry. About one-third of this number obeyed the 
order, ami became the advance of the right wing of the 
army in the campaign which ended in the battle of Stone- 
River. Captain Taylor, then a sergeant, was one of this 
advance guard. 

Early in February, 1863, Colonel William J. Palmer, 
the organizer of the regiment, arrived in Nashville, having 
escaped from Libby Prison, where he had been confined 
since his capture at Antietam, and began its reorganiza- 
tion. From this time forward to the close of the war 
and the pursuit of Jefferson Davis the military record of 
Captain Taylor is almost identical with that of the regi- 
ment. He was promoted first sergeant March 1, [863, 
and the same day commissioned as first lieutenant of 
Company A, and for a long time was its commanding 
officer. He was at the head-quarters of General Rose- 
crans in command of the couriers on the battle-field of 
Chickamauga. After Chickamauga, and in the closing 
month of 1863, came the siege of Knoxville and the 
many cavalry skirmishes and battles in defence of that 
city, in all of which — Sevierville, Danbridge, Mossy 
Creek, and others — he was engaged. 

Longstreet being compelled to retreat, the regiment 
was ordered to Chattanooga in February, [864, and for 
three months was engaged in scouting and reconnoissance. 
Then followed the second East Tennessee campaign, 
when, under General Gillem, a movement was made for 
the capture of the salt-works at Abingdon, Virginia. I he 
regiment was then ordered to Chattanooga, and subse- 
quently to Decatur, Alabama, and started in pursuit of 
Hood's demoralized troops, fleeing from the defeat at 
Nashville by General Thomas. The regiment overtook 
and destroyed their pontoon train in Mississippi, Decern 
ber 31, and their wagon train the next day, returning to 
Decatur with a large number of prisoners and without 
loss. Then followed the capture of the rebel Gener; 



67 




Lyon and his whole command at Red Hill, Alabama. 
March 13, 1865, Captain Taylor was detailed as acting 
aide-de-camp on the staff of General Palmer, who had 
been promoted brigadier-general. It was a long cam- 
paign from Knoxville over the mountains into North 
Carolina, thence north as far as Wytheville, Virginia, and 
again south through North Carolina, South Carolina, 
and Georgia, ending at Huntsville, Alabama. During .ill 
the time of this grand raid of five thousand cavalry, Cap- 
tain Taylor was almost incessantly on duty, day and 
night, either with the advance guard or on special duty 
to the right and left of the column as it moved on, 
driving the enemy and destroying his stores and prop- 
erty, and exerting every effort to overtake and capture 
the fleeing President of the then defunct Confederacy. 

Captain Taylor carried the despatch from General Pal- 
mer, then in command of the division, through to Au- 
gusta, Georgia," General Upton in command there, giving 
him the first information as to the whereabouts ol Jeffer- 
son Davis, by whom it was transmitted to General Wilson 
at Macon, and resulted 111 the capture of Davis near that 

place. 

Captain Taylor was commissioned captain June 1. and 
was mustered out with the regiment June 21, 
Since the war he has been actively engaged in bu; 
in Philadelphia, and is an honored member of the Mili- 
tary < )rder of the Loyal Legion and the- Grand Armyol 

the Republic. 

The writer of the above sketch, a brothel 
the s taff of General William 1. Palmer with Ca] 
Taylor and personally acquainted with all his mi 
history tales pleasure in bearing testimony to his effi- 
ciency and bravery as an officer who participated m many 
„,,,,„! who was always on duty, ready and 
eager to lead his men into action. 



68 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer* 




LIEUTENANT DEM1NG JARVES. U.S.V. 

Lieutenant Deming Jarves was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, March 3, 1839. His ancestors belong to the 
carl)- history of the Massachusetts Colony; among them 
was Bishop Seabury, the first bishop of North America. 
His grandfather was a soldier of the Revolution; his 
father and one uncle were soldiers of the War of [812, 
tile latter having been with Hull at his surrender of 
Detroit. Another uncle was captain of a privateer in 
that war, and after a successful career, in which he did 
a great deal of injury to the English mercantile marine, 
he was captured and imprisoned in Dartmoor Prison in 
England. Tims, as a family, they have materially as- 
sisted in building up the nation. 

Lieutenant Jarves is a member of the Loyal Legion, 
Grand Army of the Republic, and Sons of the American 
Revolution. He was educated in the best private school 
of Boston, and after completing his education he took a 
two years' tour around the world, returning the year 
before the war broke out. He joined the New England 



Guards, an old Boston militia organization, and became 
a corporal and afterwards a sergeant, and with it was 
mustered into the CJ. S. service in April, [861, on the call 
for three months' troops. September 2, 1861. he joined 
the Twenty-fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers 
as second lieutenant of Company B. In December, 1861, 
Lieutenant farves was ordered to report to the chief signal 
officer of the army, who was then forming a Signal Corps 
for active service. After the instruction necessary, he was 
ordered to report to General Burnside at Annapolis, 
Maryland, who was then organizing an expedition to 
North Carolina. Lieutenant Jarves was attached to the 
head-quarters staff and served through the North Carolina 
campaign, being present at the battles of Roanoke and 
New -Heine, and left North Carolina with Burnside to 
reinforce McClellan. I le was through the Pope campaign 
in Northern Virginia, and then stationed at Signal Corps 
head-quarters in Washington as an instructor In the 
spring of 1863 he took the first field telegraph train to 
the West ami joined General Rosecrans's staff, where he 
served through that summer campaign, ending with 
Chickamauga. In the fall of 1 Sf>3 he resigned from the 
arm_\- on account of physical disability contracted in the 
field. After a residence in New York City, Lieutenant 
Jarves moved to Detroit and established the Michigan 
Carbon Works. 

Cut of the one hundred acres owned by the company 
twenty acres are enclosed in the factor)' yard, of which 
about ten acres are under roof. Employment is given, 
in the manufacturing and selling department, to between 
seven hundred and eight hundred persons. 

He married Josephine M. ( rregory, a daughter of the late 
James (]. Gregory, of New York, in the spring of [872, 
and has one daughter living. One dramatic incident in 
Lieutenant Jarves's army life was that while in garrison 
at Fort Warren, Boston harbor, before the Twenty-fourth 
Regiment left the State, he was the officer on guard who 
received Mason and Slidell when landed at th.it port by 
Commodore Wilkes from the "San Jacinto." 



GENERAL DELEVAN BATES. 

General Delevan Bates was born in the town of 
Seward, Schoharie County, New York, March 17, [840. 
He received his education at the little red school-house 
under the hill, and at the age of fifteen years entered the 
store of X. H. Wilder at Worcester, ( >tsego County, \ew 
York, as a clerk, where he gained the thorough confidence 
of his employer and the good will of all who knew him. 

When the Rebellion reached a point that showed the 
necessity of vigorous action, the youthful clerk became 
the recruiting officer who raised the first quota assign I 
to the town in which he lived. 

August iS, 1862, he was enrolled as second lieutenant 
of Company I, One Hundred and Twenty-first New York 
Volunteer Infantry, Upton's Regulars, as they were called, 
when, under the leadership of the gallant colonel of that 
name, they proudly took their place among the fighting 
regiments of the grand old Army of the Potomac. 

Lieutenant Rites was an apt pupil, and with such ,1 
teacher and in such a school he could not do otherwise 
than become an intelligent and fearless soldier. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



69 



*9* 



May 



186;, at Salem Church, where 




lost thirty-three per cent, in killed and wounded, Lieuten- 
ant Rates with others was taken prisoner, confined in Libby 
Prison sixteen days, and then exchanged in time to take 
part in Gettsyburg. 1 le was here given the bars of a first 
lieutenant. At the gallant charge of Upton's brigade at 
Rappahannock Station, November 7, 1863, Lieutenant 
Rates, as his regiment went over the rebel works, grasped 
from the hand of a Louisiana captain his uplifted sword. 

In March, 1864, officers were needed for the colored 
nents that were being rapidly recruited. Selections 
were wisely made from the army in the field. 

Lieutenant Rates was appointed 1 • <h >nel of the Thirtieth 
U. S. Colored Troops. But a few weeks were given to 
prepare these raw recruits for the battle-field, where would 
be met the veterans of the Army of Northern Virginia. 
Their first charge was made in front ol Petersburg. The 
Thirtieth U. S. Colored Troops led the colored division, 
and Colonel Rates was shot through the head inside the 
rebel lines. 

Colonel Bates, for gallantry on this occasion, was in id 
a brigadier-general of volunteers by brevet, and al 
given a "medal of honor." In October, [864, General 
Hates assumed command of the First Brigade, Fourth 
1 )i vision. Ninth Corps. 

December 2, 1864, the colored troops in the Ninth 
Corps were transferred to the Twenty-fifth Corps, and 
he was given command of the First Brigade, First Di- 
vision, of this corps, the number of which was soon after- 
wards changed to the First Brigade, Third Division, oi 
the same corps. After the capture of Fort Fisher, the 




colored troops participating therein were attached to the 
Army of the ( Ihio, and in April, 1865, General Hates was 
1 igned command of the First Brigade, Third Division, 
Tenth Corps, Army of the Ohio, and in the absence ol 
General Paine he had command of the Division. 

During the summer of 1 865 General Hates had com- 
mand for a time of II aufort Harbor, North Carolina, and 
afterwards of the District of New -Heme, assisting in the 
work of "reconstruction." The conservative methods 
and impartial treatment of all questions arising won for 
him the respect of the citizens, and he was also presented 
with a beautiful sword and belt by his command as a 
token of their esteem. 

General Hates was mustered out of the service Decem- 
ber 23, 1865, at Baltimore, Maryland. 

In 1S70 he married, and in [873 emigrated to the far 
\\ :sf tii assist in building up the new State of Nebraska. 
Aurora, the county-seat of Hamilton County, had then 
but one frame building and several sod houses, and here 
he made his home. 

To-day Aurora is a city of two thousand five hund 
inhabitants, with brick blocks and business houses ..I all 
kinds. Since its incorp -ration a- a village General Hate- 
has been identified with the growth and j ment of 
the municipality, filling every office from city treasurer to 
tint of mayor. Heisvice-pre idenl of the First Nal 
Rank of Aurora and a working offl« er in that institution. 

His wife, Lana A. Hates, is a prominent worker in 
Women's Relief Corps, and was f,.r six years secretary of 
the Visiting and Advisory Board of the Nebraska 
■ Home.wl tion -he tilled with unexcepl 

1,1,. ab iiity. She is now (1892) one of tin- Lady Mana- 
of the World's Columbian Commission. 



70 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer, 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL CHARLES F. MAN- 
DERSON. U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Charles F. Mander- 
son, L'. S. Senator from Nebraska, and a lawyer by pro- 
fession, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., February 9, 1837. 

General Manderson received his education in the public 
schools and High School of Philadelphia. At the age of 
nineteen he removed to Canton, Ohio, where he studied 
law and was admitted to the bar in 1859. In the spring 
of i860 he was elected city solicitor of Canton. 

He was married at Canton, Apiil 1 1, 1865, to Rebecca 
S., daughter of Hon. J. 1). Brown, a lawyer of prominence. 

( >n the day of the receipt of the news of the firing on 
port Sumter, Mr. .Manderson enlisted as a private with 
Captain James Wallace, of the Canton Zouaves. 

Mr. Manderson ami Samuel Beatty, an old Mexican 
soldier, received permission from Governor Dennison to 
raise a company of infantry in April, 1 86 J . They recruited 
a full company in one day; Manderson being commis- 
sioned as its first lieutenant, and Beatty captain. In May, 
1861, Captain Beatty was made colonel of the Nineteenth 
( Ihio Infantry, and Manderson was commissioned captain 
of Company A of the same regiment. I le took his com- 
pany into Western Virginia, and the Nineteenth ( )hio be- 
came a part of the brigade commanded by General Rose- 
crans in General McClellan's army of occupation of 
Virginia. The regiment participated in the first field-battle 
of the war, known as Rich Mountain, on the 11th day 
of fuly, 1861. Captain Manderson received special men- 
tion in the official reports of this battle. In August, 
[861, he re-enlisted his company for three years or 
during the war, and in this service he rose through the 
grades of major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel of the 
Nineteenth Ohio Infantry, and on January 1, 1864, over 
four hundred of the survivors of his regiment re-enlisted 



with him as veteran volunteers. The battle of Shiloh, during 

which Captain Manderson acted as lieutenant-colonel, 
caused his promotion to the rank of major, and he was 
mentioned in the reports of Generals Boyle and Crittenden 
for distinguished gallantry and exceptional service. 

He was in command of the Nineteenth Ohio Infantry 
in all its engagements up to and including the battle of 
Love-joy's Station, September 2, 1864. 

Major Manderson was promoted to be lieut. -colonel 
and colonel for his conduct at the battle of Stone River. 

During the Atlanta campaign Colonel Manderson com- 
manded a demi-brigade, composed of the Nineteenth < >hio, 
Seventy-ninth Indian, 1, and Ninth Kentucky. 

While leading his demi-brigade in a charge upon the 
enemy's works at Lovejqy's Station, Georgia, on Septem- 
ber 2, 1864, Colonel Manderson was severely wounded 
in the spine and right side, which produced temporary 
paralysis, and rendered him unfit for duty in the field. 

The ball being unextracted and much disability arising 
therefrom, Colonel Manderson was compelled to resign 
the service, from wounds, in April, 1865, the war in the 
West having practically closed. He was brevetted brig- 
adier-general of volunteers, United States Army, to date 
March [3, [865, "for long, faithful, gallant, and meri- 
torious services during the war of the Rebellion." 

Returning to Canton, Ohio, General Manderson re- 
sumed the practice of law, and was twice elected District 
Attorney of Stark County, declining a nomination for a 
third term. In [867 he came within one vote of receiving 
the Republican nomination for Congress in a district in 
1 >1ih ), then conceded to be Republican by several thousand. 

In November, 1869, he removed to Omaha, Nebraska, 
where he still resides, and where he quickly became prom- 
inent in legal ami political affairs, lie was a member of 
the Nebraska State Constitutional Convention of ^871, 
and also that of [874, being elected without opposition 
by the nominations of both political parties. He served 
as city attorney of ( >maha, Nebraska, for over six years. 
For many years he has been an active comrade in the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and for three years was 
commander of the Military < >rdcr of the Loyal Legion of 
the District of Columbia. He was elected U.S. Senator, 
as a Republican, to succeed Alvin Saunders, his term 
commencing March 4, 1883. He was re-elected to the 
Senate in iSSS without opposition, and with unexceptiona- 
ble and unprecedented marks of approval from the Legis- 
lature of Nebraska. In the Senate he has been chairman 1 if 
the joint Committee on Printing and an active member of 
the following committees: Claims, Private Land Claims, 
Territories, Indian Affairs, Military Affairs, and Rules. 

In the second session of the Fifty-first Congress he was 
elected by the Senate as its president pro tempore without 
opposition, it having been declared, after full debate, to 
be a continuing office. This position he now holds. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



CAPTAIN GEORGE T. DUDLEY, U.S.V. 

Captain George T. Dudley was born in Elmira, New 
York, December 18, 1840, the youngest child of Ward 
and Sally Dudley. He was educated in the common 
schools and Waverly Institute, New York, during the 
fall and winter of [857-58. After teaching school for 
six months he entered the book-store of Preswick & 
Dudley, in Elmira, New York. At a war-meeting held 
April 24 he was among the first to enlist, and joined the 
Southern Tier Rifle Company, a portion of whose mem- 
bers volunteered for three months, and which was known 
as Company K, Twenty-third New York Volunteers. ( )n 
May 20 the regiment was sworn into the United States 
service for two years. The regiment arrived in Washing- 
ton Jul\- 7, crossed into Virginia July 22, and was attai hed 
to the brigade of < ieneral James Wadsworth. < In Febru- 
ary 22, 1862, Dudley was discharged as a private to accept 
promotion as first lieutenant Company I, One Hundred 
and Third New York Volunteers (Seward Infantry), then 
being raised in Elmira, New York. The company joined 
the regiment in Washington, D. C, in February, and was 
soon sent to New-Berne, North Carolina, as re-enforce- 
ments to General Burnside. Here they were assigned to 
General Naglee's brigade. In May Lieutenant Dudley 
accompanied the colonel, with about one hundred and fifty 
men, into Onslow County, where they had a skirmish with 
the Second North Carolina Cavalry, Dudley capturing a 
double-barrelled shot-gun. In June Lieutenant Dudley 
was stricken with typhoid fever, the result of a week's duty 
commanding the outpost at Evans's Mills, eight miles 
from New-Berne, before going to Hatteras. He accom- 
panied the remains of his brother, Wm. L. Dudley, to 
Elmira, rejoining his regiment in time for Antietam. ( )n 
September 19, on the battle-field of Antietam, he was ap- 
pointed captain, but before his commission arrived he was 
attacked again with the fever and chills, and, tendering his 
resignation on account of his disability, was honorably 
discharged September 30, 1862. In November, 1863, he 
commenced recruiting Company M, Fiftieth New York 
Volunteer Engineers, and on February 5, 1864, was mus- 
tered as senii ir first lieutenant, and with his company joined 
the regiment about March I, in Washington, D. C. On 
May 4, 1864, took up the march, under General Grant, 
for Richmond. His company, with D and R, was as- 
signed for duty with the Fifth Corps, under General G. K. 
Warren. He built the pontoon bridges at Germania 
Ford, and took an active part in the campaign in the \\ il- 
derness, Spottsylvania, North Anna River, Cold Harbor 
to Petersburg. At Coles's Ferry he helped build the 
longest pontoon bridge ever built, about three-quarters 
of a mile long. 

On June 21, 1864, Lieutenant Dudley assumed com- 
mand of his company, and till January 9, 1865, was en- 
gaged in constructing forts from the Appomattox to left 



7> 




V" 



of line, among them Fort, McGilvery, Hell or Steadman, 
Fisher, and others. ( )n January 9, [865, was detailed on 
the staff of General Henry W. Benham, commanding 
Engineer Corps, and stationed at City Point. ( >n April 
3, 1865, about noon, learning that Richmond was "ours," 
with Major J. II. Woodward, Captain Talbot, assistant 
conimissar\' of subsistence, Lieutenant Fuller, Michigan 
Cavalry, with an escort of ten cavalrymen, rode to Rich- 
mond, their names appearing on the register of the Spotts- 
wood Hotel on the opposite page of the Confederate 
officers who registered the previous day. The price of 
board per day was fifty dollars in Confederate money, 
three dollars in greenbacks. The next day they rode to 
the Rocketts to meet President Lincoln; accompanied 
him to the Jeff Davis mansion, and were there introduced 
to him. 

Captain Dudley will never forget the warm clasp of 
the President's great, broad hand, and his cordial " 1 am 
very glad to meet you." Only five officers were then 
introduced to the President. After partaking of .1 
of wine from Jeff's cellar, he accompanied the President 
around the city to the Rocketts, and returned to City 
Point with the key of the clock and .1 pair of handcuffs 
from Libby Prison, and a pair of anklets from Castle 
Thunder, which are now in his possession. I le was mus- 
tered out with his regiment in Elmira. New York, June 

13, 1865. 
On November 15, 1865, he married Elizabeth C. I.aw- 
in Trenton, New Jersey, a descendant of that 
great Quaker or Friend, John Woolman. He was in the 
mercantile business until 1 881, when his health having 
failed, the result of fever on Hatteras Island in 1 862. and 
chronic diarrhoea in 1864, he was appointed an examiner 
in the Pension Office in Washington, D. C, which position 

he still holds. 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JAMES SHAW. JR., 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Brigadier-General James Shaw. Jr., son of 
General James and Eliza Field (Godfrey) Shaw, was born 
in Providence, Rhode Island, September 25, 1830. His 
father commanded the First Light Infantry from [830 to 
[835, and ordered the firing on the mob in 1831, — the 
first instance in the country where a mob had been sup- 
pressed by the militia; was active on the side of " law 
and order" during the " Dorr War," and was afterwards 
commander of the First Brigade Rhode Island Militia. 

General lames Shaw, Jr., was educated in the public 
schools of Providence, graduating from the High School 
in 1S46. He was an active member of the First Light 
Infantry from 1850 to 1857. At the commencement of 
the Rebellion, being unable to go with the First Regi- 
ment, he suggested to the citizens of the Sixth Ward the 
formation of ward companies lor the purpose of learning 
to drill, lie was made fust lieutenant and then captain 
of the Sixth Ward Guards. This example was followed 
by every ward in the city and every town in the State. 

( >wing to Captain Shaw's exertions a regiment was 
formed from these companies, and he was elected colonel. 
In the spring of 1 862 the following despatch was receiv ed 
from the Secretary of War : " Enemy advancing on Wash- 
ington ; send every available man immediately." and 
Colonel Shaw was called on by the governor to organize 
the Tenth Rhode Island Volunteers. In thirty hours 
alter the call a regiment was formed, armed, clothed, 
equipped, and en route for Washington. Waiving the 
right to the command, Colonel Shaw asked for one who 
had received a military education for colonel, ami tools 
the lieutenant-colonelcy May 26, 1862; was promoted to 
colonel August 6 of the same year, and served in the 
defences of Washington. At the end of three months 



the command was mustered out. He re-entered the 
service December 31, 1862, as lieutenant-colonel of the 
Twelfth Rhode Island Volunteers, and served with the 
Ninth Army Corps before Fredericksburg, Newport 
News, and in Kentucky. 

When the Twelfth Regiment was mustered out he 
appeared before " Casey's Hoard," and was the fifth out 
of seven hundred examined to receive the grade of colo- 
nel, and was appointed October 27, 1863, to the com- 
mand of the Seventh United States Colored Troops. I le 
joined the regiment November 12, 1863, in Maryland; 
was post commander at Jacksonville, Florida ; com- 
manded brigade in the expedition to Cedar Creek and 
Camp Melton ; participated in the battle on John's Island ; 
was commended for wisdom and bravery in action; re- 
turned to Virginia and moved on Richmond; he com- 
manded First Brigade, Third Division, Tenth Army Corps, 
August 13 to 21, August 25 to September 25, and ( >cto- 
ber 25 to December 4, [864. Commanded First Brigade, 
Second Division, Twenty-fifth Army Corps, from its for- 
mation, December 4, 1 864, until it was disbanded in 1866 
Commanded Second Division, Twenty-fifth Army Corps, 
February 21 to March 13, 1865, and participated in the 
capture of Petersburg and the triumph at .Appomattox. 
He commanded the sub-district of Victoria and Central 
District of Texas from February 21 to May 9, 1866, and 
was mustered out with his regiment November 16, [866, 
bearing on his flag, by authority, the names of the battles 
of Cellar Creek, Baldwin, Kingsland Road, Fuzzel's Mills, 
White Point, John's Island, Fort Gilmer, Darbytown 
Road, Armstrong's Mills, Petersburg, and Appomattox 
C< hi it I louse. 

General Shaw was brevetted brigadier-general for 
"meritorious services during the war," to date from 
March 13, 1865. The record of this regiment of colored 
troops forms a valuable and brilliant page in the history 
of the war. 

In August, 1870, General Shaw was appointed collector 
of customs of the port of Providence, Rhode Island, and 
filled the office until February 1, [879. He has been a 
member of the National Encampment of the Grand Army 
of the Republic from its organization, and was chairman 
ot the committee that wrote the rules, regulations, and 
ritual unanimously adopted by the encampment at Cin- 
cinnati in 1869, and he is a member of the Massachusetts 
Commanderyof the Military 1 )rder of the Loyal Legion. 
At present (1892) he is secretary and treasurer of the 
American Wood-Taper Company, Providence, Rhode 
Island. 

General Shaw married, September 22, 1853, Elizabeth 
Williams, daughter of lames and Amanda ( Totter) Fisher, 
of Pawtuxet, Rhode Island. They have had three chil- 
dren, — James, Walter Arnold (died May 5, 1 S 7 s ) . and 
Howard Arminsrton. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL MARTIN T. McMAHON. 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General Martin T. McMahon was 
born in Canada in 1838. His father and uncle, who were 
temporarily residing there, had been connected with the 
Canadian rebellion of that year, and were obliged to 
leave suddenly for the United States for fear of arrest. 
General McMahon was graduated at St. John's College, 
Fordham, New York, at the age of seventeen. He sub- 
sequently received from the same college the degree of 
LL.D. He studied law in Buffalo in the office of Hon. 
Eli Cook, at that time mayor of the city. While still 
underage he was appointed to succeed his elder brother 
as corresponding clerk in the appointment office of the 
Post-Office Department at Washington, and in the last 
year of Buchanan's administration he was sent as special 
agent of the Post-Office Department for the Pacific coast 
to California, where he remained until the outbreak of 
the war. 

Upon the first call for troops he entered the ser- 
vice, and was elected captain of the first company of 
cavalry organized on the Pacific coast. He was not 
mustered in, however, as orders had been received from 
Washington to retain the California volunteers within 
that State to relieve the regular troops on duty there. 
McMahon thereupon resigned his command, and shortly 
afterwards was appointed captain in the U. S. Army and 
additional aide-de-camp on the staff of Major-General 
George B. McClellan, who had just been called to Wash- 
ington, lie served with the Army of the Potomac from 
the beginning to the end, and was present in every 
engagement in which that army took part. During the 
Seven Days' fight on the Peninsula he was assigned, at 
his own request, to the staff of Major-General William B. 
Franklin, commanding the Sixth Army Corps. He was 
subsequently promoted to be major and aide-de-camp, 
and afterwards lieutenant-colonel and assistant adjutant- 
general of the Left Grand Division, Army of the Poto- 
mac. When that division was discontinued after Burn- 
side's failure at Fredericksburg, McMahon was reassigned 
as adjutant-general to the Sixth Army Corps, and served 
as chief of staff to General Sedgwick until that officer's 
death at Spottsylvania. Pie was continued in the same 
capacity under General Wright until the end of [864, 
when he was assigned to temporary duty in New York, 
on the staff of Major-General Dix, commanding the 
Department of the East. 

Two elder brothers of General McMahon, who were 
successively colonels of the One Hundred and Sixty- 
fourth New York Volunteers, died in the service. The 
eldest brother, Colonel John E., was the first colonel of 
the regiment, and upon his death the second brother, 
James P. McMahon, succeeded him and was killed at Cold 
Harbor. He was the only one of his corps who reached 
10 



73 




the enemy's works and placed his flag there, which fell 
inside their lines and was captured. It was subsequently 
returned to the city of New York by the cadets of the 
Military College of Virginia, to whom it hail been pre- 
sented. 

General McMahon has held several important position 
in civil life. He was corporation attorney of the city of 
New York in 1866-67, U.S. minister to Paraguay during 
President Johnson's administration, and for many years 
receiver of taxes in the city of New York. I le was U. S. 
marshal for the Southern District of New York during 
President Cleveland's administration; was elected to the 
Assembly in 1890, carrying a Republican district w Inch 
had never before elected a Democrat. The following 
year he made a similar contest for the State Senate, and 
again carried a district which had always been represented 
by a Republican. He was chairman of the Committee on 
General Laws, and of that on Military Affairs in the 
Senate. He received the Congressional medal of honor 
for " distinguished bravery at the battle of White 1 >ak 
Swamp." The incident for which it was conferred was 
the burning of a pontoon train which had been abandoned 
between the lines. McMahon volunteered to destroy it. 
and did so, after saving one of the wagons, to which he- 
succeeded in attaching some straggling mules that were 
wandering up and down between the lines of the two 
armies. This wagon was the instrument-wagon of the 
train, and was extremely valuable. 

General McMahon is a lawyer in good practice in the 
city of New York. He is also one of the manage. 
the National Home tor Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, and 
was three times elected by Congress to that impo 
position. During his military service he was brev* 
four times, and several times mentioned in orders for 
gallant and meritorious service. 



74 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {.volunteer, 




BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL CALEB W. HORNOR, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Caleb W. Hornor was 
born March 26, 1828, in Burlington County, New Jersey. 
Hi.s ancestor, John Hornor, came to .America in the " Hie 
ship Martha," in the seventeenth century, landing at 
Burlington, New Jersey. He was descended from the 
Hornors of Mells, near Frome, England. 

Dr. Hornor graduated from Jefferson Medical College 
in 1849, and served two years as senior of the clinic, as 
assistant to Professors Mutter and Pancoast in surgery, 
and Professors Meigs, Dunglison, and Mitchell in prac- 
tice. In 1859 he married Miss Julia M., daughter 
of Hon. P. G. Washington, Assistant Secretary of the 
Treasury under President Pierce, and his wife, Margaret 
M., daughter of Major William Macpherson, of the Revo- 
lutionary Army. Early in March, 1862, he was assigned 
to the charge of Wood Street U. S. A. General Hospital 
in Philadelphia. On the discontinuance of that hospital, 
February, 1863, he took charge of Summit I tome I". S. A. 
General Hospital, as assistant surgeon (J. S. V., and in 
April was made surgeon, ami transferred to the Army 
of the Cumberland. On reporting at Murfreesborough to 
Major-General Rosecrans, he made the request to be 
allowed to accompany the army, then ready to take the 
field. The general acceded to this, accompanying the 
doctor to the medical-director's office. Dr. Perrine replied 
that Surgeon Robert Murray, L". S. A., medical purveyor 
at Philadelphia, had written to him that Dr. Hornor had 
made' a reputation in the East lor hospital management; 
that the hospitals of his department were bad enough, 
and that the regimental surgeons there were required to 
accompany their commands; therefore he should ask 
to have Surgeon Hornor detailed to Nashville. The first 
duty was the charge and improvement of Shelby Medical 



College Hospital (No. 23) until September I, when the 
hospitals on the heights of South Nashville were con- 
solidated as Hospital No. 1 and given to Dr. Hornor, 
the capacity being twelve hundred beds. Seven hun- 
dred and forty-four wounded were admitted to this 
charge from the battle of Chickamauga ; amongst these 
patients ten gunshot wounds of the knee-joint were suc- 
cessfully treated by antiseptics and irrigation, and during 
the winter of [863-64 in this hospital was introduced the 
painless and humane practice of arresting hospital gan- 
grene by the application of oil of turpentine. Previous 
to that the actual cautery, or the more painful use of 
bromine, had been the reined}-. In the early spring Dr. 
Hornor received a copy of an order directing him, when 
relieved, to report for duty as medical director of the 
Third Division, Fourth Army Corps. He was informed 
that he had been selected to take the place of the medical 
director of the corps, who was ill with typhoid fever, and 
promptly made arrangements for that duty, as the corps 
was to march to the relief of Knoxville. While waiting 
three weeks for a successor at the hospital, he received .1 
letter from Washington, with the information that the sur- 
geon-general intended to establish a special hospital in the 
district, and offered the charge to him. He took charge 
of the new hospital and named it " Ricord," and at the 
same time was assigned to duty as a member of the Ex- 
amining Hoard for Assistant Surgeons, I*. S. Volunteers. 

Dr. Hornor was selected to devise a scheme for the 
relief of sick "contrabands," and received as authority 
the additional duty of " Inspector of Freedmen, Depart- 
ment of Washington." Heside the mounted medical ser- 
vice for the district, with dispensaries and other relief 
posts, Dr. Hornor prepared plans for a large new hospital 
to cover a vacant block in the city of Washington. The 
quartermaster's department was directed to carry these 
plans into effect promptly. After a year in Washington 
the doctor was transferred to Philadelphia as post-surgeon 
of Camp Cadwalader, and while there saw an epidemic 
of cerebro-spinal meningitis eradicated. He rode as one 
of the escort detailed by General Cadwalader, command- 
ing, to receive and escort the remains of President Lincoln 
to Independence Hall. The beginning of June. 1865, Dr. 
Hornor, under orders from the War Department, reported 
to Major-General ().(). Howard, commissioner of Freed- 
men's Bureau, as chief medical officer, and throughout the 
Southern States and I Hstrict of Columbia organized and 
administered over eighty hospitals and dispensaries. 'Phis 
duty continued until his resignation took effect, Septem- 
ber 1, 1866. Since the war, Dr. Hornor's residence has 
been 1636 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; his 
country home is near Bryn Maw r. Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Hornor has been a member of the Society of St. 
George, of Philadelphia, for more than forty years, and is 
a member of the Military < trdcr of the Loyal Legion. 



WHO SERVED IN 7 HE CIVIL WAR 



75 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL SAMUEL DUNCAN 
OLIPHANT, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Samuei Duncan Oli 
PHANT was born August I, 1824, at Franklin Forges, 
on the Youghiogheny River, in Fayette County, Penn- 
sylvania. He was the second son of Fidelio Hughes 
Oliphant and Jane Creigh Duncan, his wife. He received 
his earlier education in private schools at Uniontown, 
Fayette County, Pennsylvania; the Grove Academy, at 
Steubenville, ( )hio ; entered the Freshman class in Novem- 
ber, 1840, and graduated from Jefferson College in Sep- 
tember, 1844. 

He commenced the study of law under the direction 
of the law-firm of Howell & ( Uiphant (Judge E. I'. ( >Ii- 
phant, his uncle), in Uniontown, Pennsylvania; spent two 
years at the Law -School of Harvard University, and 
graduated therefrom in June, 1846, and was admitted to 
the bar of Fayette County in September, 1847. Three 
years later he moved to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and 
entering into partnership with the late Hon. Thomas 
Williams, remained there two years, when he returned 
to and resumed the practice of law at Uniontown, Penn- 
sylvania ; was actively engaged in building the Fayette 
Count)- Railroad from Uniontown to Connellsville. 

Having been identified with tin- uniformed militia of 
Fayette Count}' as captain of the Union Volunteers 
before he was twenty-one years of age, and subsequently 
as colonel of the battalion of uniformed militia of Fayette 
County, he felt in honor, as well as duty and inclination, 
bound to make good his soldierly professions of peaceful 
days, and volunteered at the outbreak of the war of the 
Rebellion. On the same day on which Sumter was fired 
upon he raised a company of one hundred men. < hi the 
next day he was off with it to Pittsburg, where he was 
elected captain. His company was organized in the 
Eighth Pennsylvania Reserves at Camp Wright, of which 
he was elected lieutenant-colonel. Marched with his 
regiment to the defence of Washington in Jul)', 186] ; 
was on his way while the battle of Bull Run was being 
fought, and was there mustered into the service of the 
LInited States for three years or during the war. 

He participated with his regiment in the battles of the 
Peninsula; was physically disabled in the line of duty 
and honorably discharged in December. [862. 

Recovering in a measure from his disabilities, in June, 
1863, he was appointed major in the Veteran Reserve 
Corps. Being ordered to the command of the detach- 




ment at Pottsville, Schuylkill Count)', Pennsylvania, he 
was soon promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel and 
colonel of the Fourteenth Regiment Veteran Reserve 
Corps, and to the command of the Second Sub-District 
of the Department of the Lehigh. Subsequently he 
with General Thomas at Nashville, Tennessee, Decemb< r 
15-16, 1864, and participated in the defences when Jubal 
Early threatened Washington in the summer of [864. 
lie was the senior ami presiding officer on two boards "I 
examination, and was several times detailed as president 
of courts-martial. In August, 1865, he was brevetted 
brigadier-general for meritorious services during the war, 
and assigned to the command of the Second Brigade of 
the garrison of Washington, and honorably discharged 
from the service July 1, 1866. 

The war being over, he removed from Uniontown, Penn- 
sylvania, to Princeton, New Jersey, for educational facili- 
ties for a large family of sons, and resumed the practice 
of law. In September of 1870 he was appointed clerk of 
the Circuit Court of the United States fur the Distl 
New Jersey by Hon. William McKennan, circuit jud ; . 
and still continues to exercise the duties of that ol 
residing at Trenton. 

He was married in March, 1X47, to Mary Coulter 
Campbell, of Uniontown, Pennsylvania, and of this mar- 
riage there was issue ten sons, all of whom are living. In 
January, 1877, he married his second wife. Beulah A. 
daughter of Joseph Oliphant, of Oliphanfs Mills, near 
Medford, New Jersey. 



76 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR JAMES B. HORNER. U.S.V. 

Major James B. Horner is a native of Albany, New 
York, where he was burn August 5, 1 S39. His three 
brothers have assisted the major in establishing a patriotic 
family record during the war of the Rebellion. 

Under the President's first call for seventy-five thou- 
sand men, Major Horner enlisted April 19, 1861, in Com- 
pany D of the Ninth New York Volunteers (Hawkins's 
Zouaves), and was, on the muster of his regiment into the 
United States service, May 4, 1X61, appointed first sergeant 
of his company. In this capacity he participated in the 
battle of Roanoke Island, North Carolina, February 8, 
1862, where his regiment made the first decisive bayonel 
charge of the war. Sergeant Horner took part in the 
battle of Camden, or South Mills, North Carolina. For 
his bravery on that occasion he received a commission as 
second lieutenant. Lieutenant Horner for his bravery 
upon the field was promoted to be first lieutenant. He 
participated in every action where the Ninth New York 
was engaged, the most important of which were Hatteras, 
South Mountain, Antietam, Winton, Fredericksburg, and 
Suffolk, Virginia. 

Lieutenant Horner, immediately upon the muster-out 
of his old regiment, recruited two companies, which were 
known as the Second Battalion of the Hawkins's Zouaves, 
and was commissioned as captain. While- at Fort Ham- 
ilton, Captain Horner's companies were consolidated with 
others, out of which was organized the Seventeenth 
Regiment New York Veteran Volunteers. On October 
25, 1863, the new regiment, Captain Horner being in com- 
mand of Company H, left for the West, under orders to 
report to General Sherman ; and while en route, orders 
were received from Washington for the brigade, which 
included the Seventeenth New York, to report to Gen- 
eral A. J. Smith, who commanded an army corps guard- 



ing the Mississippi River from St. Louis, Missouri, to 
New Orleans, Louisiana. The regiment afterward par- 
ticipated in a severe winter march through Western 
Tennessee. 

Soon afterward his regiment was ordered to join 
General Sherman at Yicksburg, and with it he partici- 
pated in all the marches and engagements from Yicks- 
burg to Meridian, Mississippi. Thence the Seventeenth 
New York proceeded to Decatur, Alabama, fighting, 
marching, and skirmishing in that vicinity for several 
months. 

Still later on the Seventeenth New York was as- 
signed to the Fourteenth Army Corps, and moved with 
General Sherman toward Chattanooga, taking part in all 
the battles and skirmishes in and about Atlanta, Georgia, 
and especially at Jonesborough, where it was hotly en- 
gaged with the enemy. Here the Seventeenth New York 
Volunteers made a desperate assault upon the rebel 
works. Captain Horner with his company led the ad- 
vance, and in less than twenty minutes the works were 
carried in fine style. For their conspicuous gallantry in 
this action the regiment was specially complimented by 
General George II. Thomas at the grand review of the 
arm)' held in Washington at the close of the war. 

Captain Horner was promoted major of his regiment 
" for gallant conduct at the battle of Averysborough, 
North Carolina," where he was wounded in the left leg. 
Several days afterward, while in command of his regi- 
ment, Major Horner, finding himself surrounded by the 
enemy, immediately ordered a charge, which was gal- 
lantly done, the command striking a division of the rebel 
General Hardee's corps, capturing five stands of colors, 
a portion of Hardee's ammunition-train, and seven hun- 
dred prisoners. 

On the 10th of March. 1865, and for three days subse- 
quent thereto. Major Horner commanded his regiment 
and fought with it at the battle of Bentonville, North 
Carolina, and he was again wounded in the left leg; while 
at the battle of Fayetteville, North Carolina, he was, for 
the third time, wounded, this time by a Minie-ball in the 
right arm. 

While in the Seventeenth Regiment Major Horner 
participated in the following prominent battles: Jackson, 
Mississippi; Decatur, Resaca, Jonesborough, Averysbor- 
ough, Bentonville, Fayetteville, Louisville, Atlanta, Golds- 
borough, Savannah, and Raleigh, making, together with 
his previous experiences while in the Ninth New York 
Volunteers, twenty-one in all, without reference to numer- 
ous minor engagements and skirmishes in which he was 
under the enemy's fire. 

Major Horner is a member of the G A. R., and he 
was also the first president of the Hawkins's Zouave 
Association (surviving members of the Ninth New York 
Volunteers), and was also its president in 1879, 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



ADJUTANT-GENERAL THEODORE SAFFORD PECK, 
U.S.V. (of Vermont). 

Adjutant-General Theodore Safford Peck was 
born in Burlington, Vermont, March 22, [843. He en- 
listed at the age of eighteen as private in Company F, 
First Vermont Cavalry, September 1, [861 ; mustered 
into the United States service November 1, 1861 ; trans- 
ferred to Company K, and discharged for promotion 
June 25, 1S62; appointed by Colonel George Jerrison 
Stannard, regimental quartermaster-sergeant Ninth Regi- 
ment Vermont Infantry, June 2?, [862; promoted sec- 
ond lieutenant Company C, January 7, [863 ; promoted 
first lieutenant Company 11, June 10, (864; acting regi- 
mental quartermaster and adjutant, also acting assistant 
adjutant-general, aide-de-camp, and brigade quartermas- 
ter Second Brigade, Second Division, Eighteenth Army 
Corps ; promoted captain and assistant quartermaster U. 
S. Volunteers March 11, [865 ; assigned to First Brigade, 
Third Division, Twenty-fourth Army Corps. He served 
on the staffs of Brevet Major-Genera] George ]. Stannard, 
Brigadier-General Isaac J. Wistar at Suffolk, Virginia; 
Brigadier-General Joseph H. Potter, Brevet Brigadier- 
General Michael T. Donahue, and Brevet Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Edward H. Ripley, in the trenches in front of Peters- 
burg and Richmond, Virginia. 

In the Vermont cavalry he was present in action at 
Middletown and Winchester, Va., May 24 and 25, [862; 
in the Ninth Regiment, Winchester, August, and Harper's 
Ferry, Va., Sept. 13, 14, and 15, 1862 (captured and pa- 
roled); siege of Suffolk, Nansemond, Edenton Road, 
Blackwater, May, 1863; Yorktown and raid to Glouces- 
ter Court-House, Va., July and Aug., [863; action of 
Young's Cross-Roads, Dec, 1863; Newport Barracks, 
Feb. 2, 1864; raid to Swansborough and Jacksonville, 
N. C, May, [864; Fort Harrison Sept. 29 and 30, 1864; 
Fair (Oaks, Va., Oct. 29, 1804; was present in New York 
City commanding a battalion. Ninth Vermont Regiment, 
in November, 1864, at the second election of President 
Lincoln. He was also present in the siege (winter, 1804 
and spring, 1865) and capture of Richmond, Va., and was 
with the first organized command of infantry (Third Bri- 
gade, Third Division, Twenty-fourth Army Corps) to 
enter the rebel capital, at the surrender on the morning 
of April 3, 1865 ; his brigade was also provost-guard of the 
city for two weeks after its capture. He was wounded 
September 29, 1864, in the assault of Fort Harrison, 
Va. He received a medal of honor from Congress for 
gallantry in action at Newport Barracks, N. C, Feb. 2. 
1864, on account of holding the enemy in check, and 
burning the county bridge in lace of their fire of musketry 
and artillery from the opposite side of the Newport River, 
which is very narrow at this point. A part of his men 
was occupied in firing at the enemy, while with the rest 
he pulled up the planks and set the bridge on fire with 



77 




dead grass which was pulled by hand from the ground. 
Lieutenant Peck had been notified that two companies of 
cavalry would report to him at this bridge with plenty of 
turpentine and tar to burn the same, but they failed to 
connect, and had not this bridge and one other been de- 
stroyed a serious disaster must have inevitably occurred 
to the Union troops, as they had been fighting a force t( n 
times their number all day long, anil these were their only 
avenues of retreat. 

Adjutant-t ieneral Pe< k was mustered out of the United 
States service, on account of the close of the war. June 
2}, 1865, having served nearly four years as a private in 
the ranks, an officer in the line and on the staff, a mem- 
ber of the cavalry corps, and also of the- First, Fourth, 
Ninth, Eighteenth, and Twenty-fourth Army Corps, m 
the Armies of the Potomac and the James. The govern- 
ment at the close of the war offered him two commissions 
in the regular army, which were declined. 

Upon his return home to Vermont, he was appointed 
chief of staff, with rank of colonel, by Governor John 
W. Stewart ; afterwards colonel of the first and only regi- 
ment of infantry of the National Guard of the - 
which position he held for eight years. In 1 869, assistant 
adjutant-general of the G. A. R., Departmenl of Ver- 
mont; in 1872, senior vice-commander; and in 18;' 
department commander. In [881 he was appointed ad- 
jutant-general, with rank of brigadier-general, and is on 
duty in tins office at the present time, lie is a charter 
member of the Vermont Commandery, Military Ord 
the Loyal Legion, and is ,1 via president-general of the 
National Society, Sons of American Revolution. He had 
four ancestors ,'n the Revolutionary War and 1 
Warofi8i2. Gen. Peck was appointed by President Harri- 
s. at .1 member of the Board of Visitors at tin U. S. Military 
Academy in 1891. Is a resident of Burlington, Chittenden 
County, Vt, following the business of general insurance. 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY hvlunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOSEPH D1GKINS0N, 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Joseph Dickinson was 
burn in Philadelphia December 25, 1830, being descended 
from a Pennsylvania ancestry distinguished fen- heroic 
patriotism in the old colonial days. His maternal grand- 
lather and four grand uncles fought in the Revolutionary 
War under Washington. His father was in the War of 
[8l2, and himself and nine others of the family entered 
the lists of the Union army during the Rebellion. 

General Dickinson, early in i86l,blew the bugle-notes 
which assembled the Twenty-sixth Pennsylvania Infantry, 
which started for Washington wholly unequipped and 
unarmed, and accompanied the Sixth Massachusetts Reg- 
iment in its memorable passage through Baltimore. The 
regiment was afterwards reorganized as the first of the 
three years' volunteers. 

General Dickinson was mustered into the United States 
service as first lieutenant and adjutant Twenty-sixth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, to date from May 5, 1861 ; was 
commissioned by President Lincoln captain and assistant 
adjutant-general U. S. Volunteers August 22, 1861 ; 1 
major and assistant adjutant-general August 22, 1862. 
and lieutenant-colonel and assistant adjutant-general 
November 10, 1862. He was brevetted lieutenant-colonel, 
colonel, and brigadier-general for gallantry in battle. 
Was assigned to duty as assistant adjutant- general on the 
staff of General Joseph Hooker, August 22, 1861. Was 
wounded at Williamsburg, Virginia, May 5, 1862; 
severely wounded .it Pair Oaks, Virginia, June I, 1862, 
and again severely at the battle of Gettysburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, July 3, 1863. 



His record in the Adjutant-General's Department, in 
the field, is without a parallel. Having originally entered 
the service as adjutant of his regiment, he successively 
became adjutant-general of brigade, division, corps, grand 
division, and of the Army of the Potomac. When Gen- 
eral Hooker took command of the Army of the Potomac, 
he appointed him his adjutant-general, with the rank of 
brigadier-general, which he declined, much to his regret, 
for the reason that it would have kept him in camp when 
he (General Hooker) was on the field of battle. 

He participated in all the great battles and skirmishes 
of the Army of the Potomac. 

Upon the retirement of General Hooker from the com- 
mand oi the Army of the Potomac, and the assumption 
of the command by Major-General George G. Meade, 
at the urgent personal solicitation of the latter, General 
Dickinson remained on duty on the staff. 

While at Taneytown, Maryland, General Meade showed 
his great confidence and appreciation of General Dickin- 
son's eminent military skill and ability by selecting him 
for the important duty of proceeding to Gettysburg on the 
eve of June 30 for consultation with General John Buford, 
then holding the town with his cavalry, and determining 
the movements of the infantry column under General 
John F. Reynolds. It was upon the judgment and con- 
clusions of Generals Buford and Dickinson, after an 
earnest consideration of the situation until long after mid- 
night, with the enemy's forces rapidly concentrating about 
the outskirts of the town, that a staff officer was de- 
spatched with oia.lers to General Reynolds to move his 
command to Gettysburg. Thus it was that General Rey- 
nolds received the orders from General Meade that 
resulted in that great battle. General Dickinson having 
called on General Reynolds on his way up to Gettysburg 
and informing him of the nature of his duty and instruc- 
tions, had prepared him for the receipt of any orders re- 
sultant therefrom. It was General Dickinson who selected 
the position at the little farm-house on the Taneytown 
road for the head-quarters of General Meade during the 
battle which followed, and was himself severely wounded 
there on July 3. Being incapacitated for service in the 
field, he was assigned to inspection duty at Washington. 
1 Ie resigned Jan. 24, 1864, ami was " honorably mustered 
out ot service on account of wounds received in action." 

General Dickinson greatly distinguished himself at the 
battle of Chancellorsville, where, during the battle, at 
great risk of life and capture, he rescued eighteen ladies 
ami children from the burning Chancellor's I louse, which 
was destroyed by the bursting shells. 

The general now resides in Washington. D. C., with his 
wile, a former Miss Blanton, of patriotic Kentucky stock. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



BREVET MAJOR WILLIAM E. POTTER. 

Brevet Major William E. Potter is the son of James 
Boyd and Jane Barron Potter, and the grandson of Colo- 
nel David Potter, a soldier of the Revolution. lie was 
born June 13, I S40, at Bridgeton, New Jersey, and he was 
educated in the schools of his native town, at the College 
of New Jersey, at Princeton, and at the Law School of 
Harvard University. 

Having aided in raising a company under the call of the 
President for three hundred thousand volunteers to serve 
for three years or during the war, he was commissioned 
second lieutenant of Company K, Twelfth New [erseyVol- 
unteers, August 14, [862, and mustered into the service 
of the United States as such, September 4, 1862. Having 
served some months in Maryland, the regiment joined 
the Army of the Potomac, and was assigned to the Third 
Brigade, Third Division, Second Army Corps, in Decem- 
ber, 1862. December 26, 1862, Lieutenant Potter was 
detached from his regiment, and appointed ordnance 
officer of the division, then commanded by Major-General 
William H. French, ami served in this capacity during 
the campaigns of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and 
until October [, 1863. 

In his report of the battle of Chancellorsville, dated 
May 16, 1863, Major-General French speaks of the con- 
duct of Lieutenant Potter as follows ; " Lieutenant \V. E. 
Potter, ordnance officer, was indefatigable, brave, and 
zealous. His department was never better served." The 
report of Brigadier-General Alexander 1 1 axes, who com- 
manded the division at the battle of Gettysburg, also 
commends the conduct of Lieutenant Potter in that action. 

August 6, 1863, Lieutenant Potter was promoted fust 
lieutenant of his company. October I, 1863, he was 
made judge-advocate of his division, and served in this 
capacity upon the staff of Brigadier-General Alexander 
I lays, until the division became part of the Second Division, 
Second Army Corps, in 18(14. He was promoted captain 
of Company G of his regiment, February 6, 1864, and 
having rejoined his regiment and taken command oi his 
company, he was wounded in action at the Wilderness, 
May 6, 1864. He rejoined for duty June 4, 1804. 

July 1, 1864, he was detailed as aide-de-camp to Colonel 
Thomas A. Smyth, commanding Third Brigade, Second 
Division, Second Army Corps ; August 1, 1864,110 was 
detailed as judge-advocate Second Divisii in, So 1 ind Army 
Corps, on the staff of Major-General John Gibbon, and 
served in this capacity until January 15, 1865, when he 
was detailed as aide-de-camp to General Gibbon, command- 
ing Twenty-fourth Army Corps. He remained 011 duty 
in this last-named position (to which were added at one 
time the duties of acting inspectoi general, and subse- 
quently those of judge-advocate, of the corps) until he 
was mustered out of service, June 4, 1865. 

During his term of service, he was present in the fol- 










lowing-named engagements with the enemy : Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, Auburn, Bristoe Station, Blackburn's 
Ford, Locust Grove, campaign of Mine Run, .Morton 
lord, Wilderness, Cold Harbor, the entire campaign of 
Petersburg from June 15, 1864, to January [5, [865, Deep 
Bottom (first and second). Ream's Station, Hatcher's 
Run, Boydton Road, assault and capture of Petersburg, 
Rice's Station, and .Appomattox Court-House. 

April 11, 18(15, in company with Major Andrew II. 
Embler (now adjutant-general of Connecticut), lie con- 
ducted the several corps of Lee's army into position for 
the formal surrender of their arms and colors. By an 
order from head-quarters Twenty-fourth Army Corps, he 
was subsequently detailed with five other officers to de 
liver the colors surrendered by Lee's army, seventy-six in 
number, to the Secretary of War at Washington. This 
ceremony occurred May 1, 1865. L T pon this occasion 
( iaptain Potter received the brevet of major United State 
Volunteers. In 1866 Major Potter was commissioned 
aide-de-camp to Marcus L. Ward, governor of New I 
sey, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He was ad- 
mitted to practise as an attornev -at law November, 1865 
1 le received the degree of LL.B. from I larvard University 
in 1861, and from the College of New Jersey the degrees 
of A.B. and A.M., m [863 and [866 respectively. 

He was elected an honorary member of the S 
the Cincinnati of New Jersey, July 4, 1874; pi 
the New fersey Union Officers Associate 
Companion of the Pennsylvania Commandery of the! 
Legion in 1868; and is also a member of Po 
G A. R.. Department of Pennsylvania. 

Colonel Potter was man 
daughter of the late Rev. Alfred Eddy, of [V I higan. 

Their children are Alfred Eddy; First-class Naval l 
James Boyd, U.S.N. ; I >avid, Alice, and Fi I 'avail. 



So 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 









J> 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES FLINTHAM HOW. 

u.s.v. 

Lieutenant-Colonel James Flintham How was born 
in St. Louis, Missouri, April I I, i 842. I [is parents were 
John How, who was born in Philadelphia, and removed 
to St. Louis prior to the year 1X40, and Louisa Morris, 
who was a native of Cincinnati. 1 [is father was for many 
years one of the most prominent citizens of St. Louis and 
of the State of Missouri ; and was for two terms mayor of 
the city, and prominently identified with every enterprise 
calculated to prove of benefit to it ; and at the commence- 
ment of the war was one of the five or six gentlemen ap- 
pointed by President Lincoln as a Committee of Safety, 
having in charge the interests of the Union cause in that 
vicinity. 

The subject of our sketch was educated in his native 
city. He had just left school with the intention of fol- 
lowing mercantile pursuits when the war broke out, and 
on April 18, 1861, on receipt of the news that Sumter 
had been attacked, he enlisted as a private in the Third 
Regiment U. S. Reserve Corps, which was then being 
raised for three months' service. Six weeks after, in 
June, 1 861, realizing that the war would last at least a 
term of several years, he accepted the position of second 
lieutenant in the Seventh Regiment of Missouri Volun- 
teer Infantry. In December of th.it year he was pro- 
moted to the position of first lieutenant. ( )n September 
13, 1862, he was appointed major of the Twenty-seventh 
Regiment of Missouri Volunteer Infantry, one of the new 
regiments then being raised in the State of Missouri, and 
on May 3, 1S64, was promoted to the lieutenant-colo- 
nelcy of the same regiment. In December, 1861, Lieu- 
tenant How was relieved from duty with his regiment 



and placed on detached service as aide-de-camp for Gen 
eral David S. Stanley, which position he occupied until 
the following summer, when he left to assume the new 
position to which he was promoted, as mentioned above. 
He was again in January, [864, detached from his regi- 
ment to accept the position of aide-de-camp for General 
Frank P. Blair, with whom he remained while in the 
service. In the summer of [864 Colonel How resigned 
from the army and returned home (where he felt his ser- 
vices were required to assist his father, who had met with 
financial reverses in connection with his business), believ- 
ing that the repeated defeats which the enemy were then 
suffering were bringing the war to a speedy termination, 
and the country could spare his services, which seemed 
to be so urgently demanded at home. 

While in the army, Colonel How was present at the 
taking of Camp Jackson in his native city; was at the 
taking of New Madrid and Island No. 10, and in the 
battles preceding the same. He was in the advance on 
Corinth and the surrender at that place, and in many of 
the different battles in the campaign around Yieksburg 
and at the surrender of that city; also, in the battle at 
Iuka and in the much more serious ones at Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in those at Kcilesaw 
and Resaca, and in the various other engagements con- 
nected with the Atlanta campaign. 

In General < )sterhaus's report of the operations at Mis- 
sionary Ridge he says that " Major James F. How, of the 
Twenty-seventh Missouri Infantry, who advanced with 
the skirmishers in the valley on the right of our line of 
attack, intercepted and burned a rebel wagon train." He 
also says, "The mention of the names of some is proper, 
and I designate the following as conspicuous in bravery: 
. . . Major James F. I low, Twenty-seventh Missouri 
Volunteers, with ten men, attacked and took prisoners 
sixty-five armed rebels." 

On his return to St. Louis he engaged in the mercan- 
tile business for a few years, but in 1869 entered the rail- 
road service, and since has filled numerous positions in 
connection with the same, always in his own city, and 
always with the mad with which he is now connected, 
or with organizations now forming a part of the property 
belonging to that road. He is at present vice-president 
of the Wabash Railroad Company. As a member of 
the G. A. R., and also as a member of the Missouri Com- 
mandery of the Loyal Legion, of which he was at one 
time commander, he has kept up an active connection 
with his comrades of the late war. 

He was married December 3, 1 S67. to Eliza A. Eads, 
daughter of the distinguished engineer, Captain James B. 
Pads. Two suns — |ames Lads How and Louis How — 
form the remainder of his family. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL DENNIS T. KIRBY, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Dennis T. Kirby was 
born in Niagara County, New York, September 15, 1 t s ^ 7 ; 
moved with his parents to Buffalo, New York, in [847, 
and to St. Louis, Missouri, in 1854. He entered the 
service as captain Company E, Eighth Missouri Volunteer 
Infantry, June 25, 1861 ; served in Missouri and Ken- 
tucky to February, 1862, and was engaged in the capture 
of Forts Henry, Heiman, and Donelson, Eeb. 6-13— 16; 
battle of Shiloh, April 6-7 ; Lick Creek, Corinth Road, 
and siege of Corinth, April 24-25-30, May 30; battle of 
Russell's House, Mississippi, May 17. He was promoted 
major July 16, 1862 ; engaged at Coldwater Creek, May 
17; Sherman's operations against Vicksburg, December 
18; battle of Chickasaw Bayou, December 27; Arkansas 
Post, January 11, 1863 (wounded slightly and horse 
killed); Steel's Bayou and Deer Creek expedition, March 
16-22; Black Bayou, April 5-10; Haines's Bluff, May 1 ; 
engaged at Fourteen-Mile Creek, Champion Hill, and 
Black River, Mississippi, May 12-16-17; siege of and 
assaults on Vicksburg, May 18, July 4; siege of Jackson, 
Mississippi, July 9-16; Brandon, July 17-20. He was 
promoted lieutenant-colonel August 9, 1863; engaged 
near Tuscumbia, Alabama, October 26-27. 

( )n the night of November 24, 1863, he commanded an 
expedition whose object was to cross the Tennessee River 
opposite Mission Ridge and capture the enemy's picket- 
line, which extended about five miles along the bank of 
the river. Embarking in pontoon-boats about midnight 
upon this most hazardous undertaking, he crossed the 
river, landed his men, and captured in detail the entire 
picket-line without the loss i>f a man or the firing of a 
gun, thus enabling General Sherman's army to build its 
pontoon-bridges, cross over, and intrench before day- 
break. General F. P. Blair, in a special report to General 
John A. Rawlins, chief of General Grant's staff, says: 
" General Kirby had charge of the advance that crossed 
the Tennessee River in pontoon-boats and captured the 
enemy's pickets, the success of which contributed so 
much to the grand and decisive results of the battles 
which followed." This was approved and forwarded to 
the Secretary of War by General U. S. Grant. 

He was engaged in the battle of Mission Ridge, No- 
vember 25, 1863; relief of Knoxville, November 28- 
December iS; battles of Resaca and around Dallas, 
Georgia, May 25-28, 1864; Kenesaw Mountain, June 
27. Lie was mustered out with regiment July 7, 1814; 
commissioned colonel and aide-de-camp 011 the stall ot 
Governor W. P. Hall, of Missouri, and colonel Fifth I 
ment St. Louis City Guard, October 1, 1864; lieutenant- 
colonel Twenty-seventh Missouri Volunteer Infantry, 
October 6, 1864, and at once detailed as chief picket- 
officer of the Seventeenth Army Corps, on the staff of 




Major-General F. P. Blair, commanding. He was on the 
march to the sea, November 16- December I 3, and was 
slightly wounded at Ogeechee River; at the sieg 0! 
Savannah, Georgia, he had his horse killed under him : 
engaged at Pocotaligo and Combahee River, South ( aro 
lina, January 14-16-25, 1865. While leading a cavalry 
charge near River's Bridge. South Carolina, he received 
two severe wounds and had his horse killed under him. 
He was brevetted colonel and brigadier-general for gal- 
lant and meritorious services during the war, to date from 
November 13, 1865. Was present at the surrendei ol 
General Joseph Johnston, and in grand review at Wash- 
ington, May 241 mustered out June I 5, 1865. 

In a special letter to the Secretary of War, Major- 
General O.O.Howard says: " When I took command 
of the Army of the Tennessee General Kirby was chief 
picket-officer Seventeenth Army Corps, a position requir- 
ing more than ordinary sagacity, intelligi nee, and bravery. 
In General Kirby these qualifications were found to a 
remarkable degree. He was prompt and energetic, and 
when I knew that a line had been placed or inspected by 
him I knew it was well done. During the time I was in 

command of the army he was often selected 1 nduct 

hazardous expeditions. I have had frequent occasions to 
witness his coolness and bravery in dangerous positi 

He was appointed captain of Company E, Thirty-ninth 
U.S. Infantry, Inly 28, 1866; brevetted major for gallant 
conduct at Chickasaw Bayou; lieutenant-colonel for gal- 
lant conduct in the assaults on Vicksburg, and col 
U. S. A. for gallant and meritorious conduct at ( h 
reek), Georgia; Mission Ridge, lennesse* 
River's Bridge, South Carolina. 

He serv ed in the regulai army until the fall ol 1 
when his services ended. He now re ides in Washing- 



82 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL JAMES B. McPHERSON, U.S.A. 

(DECEASED). 

Brigadier-General James B. McPherson was born 
in Ohio in 1829, and graduated at the Military Academy 
July 1, 1853. He was promoted brevet second lieutenant, 
Corps of Engineers, the same day, and second lieutenant 
December 18, 1854. He served at the Military Academy 
as assistant instructor of practical engineering to Septem- 
ber 6, 1854, and was assistant engineer in the construction 
and repairs of the defences c if New York harbor; as super- 
intending engineer of the building of Fort Delaware; of 
the construction of the defences of Alcatraz Island, San 
Francisco harbor; in charge of the engineer operations 
at Boston harbor, Massachusetts, and recruiting sappers, 
miners, and pontoniers, from 1854 to [861. I le was pro- 
moted first lieutenant December 13, [858, and was ap- 
pointed captain of the Nineteenth Infantry May 14, [861, 
which he declined, and received his promotion as captain 
of engineers August 6, 1861. He was appointed lieuten- 
ant-colonel of staff November 12, 1861, ami colonel of 
staff May I, 1862. He served as aide-tie-camp to Gen- 
eral I Ialleck, anil as chief engineer on the staff of General 
Grant from November 12, [ 86 1 , to the date of Ins appoint- 
ment as brigadier-general of volunteers, May 15, and 
major-general of volunteers, October 8, [862. 

No better sketch of his military life can be furnished 
than that given by General Grant, when recommending 
him lor promotion, as follows ; 

" lie has been with me in every battle since the com- 
mencement of the Rebellion, except Belmont. At Forts 
Henry and Donelson, Shiloh and the siege of Corinth, as 
a staff-officer and engineer, his services were conspicu- 
ous and highly meritorious. At the second battle of 
Corinth his skill as a soldier was displayed in successfully 
carrying reinforcements to the besieged garrison when 
the enemy was between him and the point to be reached. 



In the advance through Central Mississippi, General 
McPherson commanded one wing of the army with all 
the ability possible to show, — he having the lead in the 
advance and the rear retiring. 

" In the campaign and siege terminating with the fall of 
Vicksburg, General McPherson has filled a conspicuous 
part. At the battle of Port Gibson, it was under his direc- 
tion that the enemy was driven, late in the afternoon, from 
a position they had succeeded in holding all day against 
an obstinate attack. His corps, the advance always under 
his immediate eye, were the pioneers in the movement 
from Port Gibson to Hawkinson's berry. Fromthenorth 
fork of the Bayou Pierre to Black River it was a constant 
skirmish, the whole skilfully managed. The enemy was 
so closely pressed as to be unable to destroy their bridge 
of boats after them. From Hawkinson's Ferry to Jack- 
son the Seventeenth Army Corps marched on roads not 
travelled by other troops, fighting the entire battle of 
Raymond alone; and the bulk of Johnston's army was 
fought by this corps, entirely under the management of 
General McPherson. At Champion Hills the Seventeenth 
Corps and General McPherson were conspicuous. All 
that could be termed a battle there was fought by the 
divisions of General McPherson 's corps and General 
Hovey's division of the Thirteenth Corps. In the assault 
of the 22d of May, on the fortifications of Vicksburg, and 
during the entire siege. General McPherson and his com- 
mand took unfading laurels. He is one of the ablest 
engineers and most skilful generals. I would respectfully, 
but urgently, recommend Ins promotion to the position of 
brigadier-general in the regular army." 

As a result of the above letter, General McPherson was 
appointed brigadier-general U. S. Army August 1, 1863, 
and he was awarded — October, [863 — a medal of honor, 
by the officers of his corps, for " the gallant manner in 
which he had ltd them during the campaign and siege 
1 >f Vicksburg." 

General McPherson was killed July 22, 1864, in the 
repulse of a sortie from Atlanta, Georgia. Soon after his 
death, General Grant addressed the following letter to 
General McPherson's aged grandmother: 

" I am glad to know the relatives of the lamented 
Major-General McPherson are aware of the more than 
friendship existing between him and myself. A nation 
grieves at the loss of one so dear to our nation's cause. 
It is a selfish grief, because the nation had more to expect 
from him than from almost any one living. I join in this 
selfish grief, ami adil the grief of personal love for the 
departed. He formed for some time one of my military 
family. I knew him well. It may be some consolation 
to you to know that every officer and every soldier 
who served under your grandson, felt tor him the 
highest reverence, Your bereavement is great, but can- 
not excel mine." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



83 



CAPTAIN CHARLES WETMORE KELLOGG. U.S.V. 

Captain Charles Wetmore Kellogg belongs to tin- 
New York branch of his family. His father, Morris 
Kellogg, was born at New Hartford, Oneida County, in 
1804, and moved to West Andover, Ashtabula Count)-, 
Ohio, in 1833, where Captain Kellogg was born in 1830. 
Immediately after war was declared he enlisted under the 
call of the President for seventy-five thousand volunteers 
for three months' service, but before the organization of 
his company was complete Ohio's quota was declared full. 

lie responded to the subsequent call for three hundred 
thousand volunteers, and was enrolled August 26 as 
private, Company C, Twenty-ninth Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry ; promoted to first sergeant September 7, [86] ; 
rendezvoused at Camp Giddings, Jefferson, Ashtabula 
Count}-, Ohio; mined to the front and was assigned to 
General E. B. Tyler's brigade, Lander's, then Shields's 
division, Department West Virginia, in February, 1862. 

Captain Kellogg was promoted to sergeant-major of his 
regiment March 24, 1862; to second lieutenant fune 20; 
to first lieutenant January 26, I 863, and to captain April 
1, 1865. He was detached to serve on the staff of the 
First Brigade, Second Division, Twelfth Corps, Colonel 
Charles Candy commanding, December 24, 1863, and 
remained in that position until Colonel Candy's retirement 
from the command in August, [864, when he was trans- 
ferred to the staff of General Ario Pardee, Jr., with whom 
he served until the close of the war. 

The command to which Captain Kellogg belonged saw 
almost constant active service, being engaged at Win- 
chester (or Kernstown) March 2},, 1862; Port Republic, 
fune 9; Cedar Mountain, August 9; White Sulphur 
Springs, August 24; reconnoitre and skirmish to Rippon, 
West Virginia, November 9 ; Charlestown and Winches- 
ter, December 2-6; Dumfrees, December 24, 1862; 
Chancellorsville, Virginia, May I— 5 ; Gettysburg, Penn- 
sylvania, Jul)- 1-3. He was on duty in New York City 
during the enforcement of the draft, September 1-8, and 
then transferred to the column of General Hooker, com- 
manding the Eleventh anil Twelfth Corps, September 
25, for the relief of Rosecrans at Chattanooga, Tennes- 
see. He participated in the battles of Lookout Moun- 
tain, November 24; Missionary Ridge, November 25; 
and Ringgold, Georgia, November 2J , [863. He was 
then assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, 
Twentieth Corps (Eleventh and Twelfth consolidated). 
April 4, 1864, with which command he was engaged in 
the battles of Rocky-Paced Ridge (or Dug Gap), G< orgia, 
May 8-1 1 ; Resaca, Georgia, May 13-15; Newhope 
Church (Dallas), Georgia, May 25 to June 5 ; Pine Knob. 
Georgia, June if>; assaults, battles, and engagements at 
Kenesaw Mountain, June 18 to July 2; Peach-Tree 
Creek, Georgia, July 19-20; assaults, siege, and capture 
of Atlanta, Georgia, July 21 to August 1 ; March to the 




Sea and skirmishes incident thereto, November 23 to I > ( 
cember 10; siege and occupation of Savannah, Georgia, 
December to, 1864, to January 2j, [865; campaign of 
the Carolinas, with actions at Edisto, South Carolina, 
February 12-14; Congaree River, South ( arolina, Feb- 
ruary 15 ; Black River, South Carolina, March 16; Ben- 
tonville, North Carolina, March [9-21 ; occupation of 
Goldsborough, North Carolina, March 24; occupation 
of Raleigh, North Carolina, April 14; Bennett's II 
North Carolina, and surrender of General Johnston, April 
26. He also participated in the subsequent march to 
Washington, grand review, disbandment of the arm) . ind 
final muster-out of service, July 13, 1X65. 

After the war he engaged in the tire insurance busin 
and became a partner of J. G. Coffin, of Pittsburg, Pa. 
Some two years later the firm of Coffin & Kellogg be- 
came general agents of the Franklin Fire Insurance Com 
panyof Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for the Western Si 
This partnership was dissolved by limitation at the ex 
piration of five years, when Captain Kellogg was appointed 
to succeed the firm, and remained as manager of the 
western department of the company until November, [881, 
when he resigned his position. Subsequently he m 
to Boston, Mass., to accept the vice-presidency of the 
Shoe and Leather Insurance Company. Uponthedi 
tion and retirement of that company he accepted the man- 
agement of the eastern department of the Fireman's Fund 
Insurance Company of San Francisco, California, v 
be s tl ll retains, in the enjoyment of the confid 
respe t of his principals and the esteem of his associates 

in the profession. 

He was married January 1 1, 18 I ' rson < 

daughter of Samuel Henderson. Four sons and one 
daughter-Henderson, Charles W Edith, Alfred 

Galpin, and Branton Holstein— living. 



84 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND XAl'Y {.volunteer) 




GENERAL JOHN A. H ALDERMAN. 

Generai John A. Halderman, LL.D., first American 
minister to Siam, was born April 15, [833; brought up 
and educated to the bar in Kentucky, whence he emi- 
grated tn Kansas in [854. 

In his new home he opposed slavery, and was succes- 
sively private secretary to the first governor, judge of the 
Probate Court, mayor of the city of Leavenworth two 
terms, member of the House of Representatives, State 
senator, and regent of the State University, lie was 
major of the hirst Regiment of Infantry, and major- 
general of the Kansas State forces in active service on 
the Union side during the war of the Rebellion ; was the 
first field-officer o( the volunteer army of the United 
States commissioned in Kansas. In May, t86i,at Camp 
Lincoln, near Fort Leavenworth, he conducted the first 
regimental parade and drill of the First Kansas Infantry, 
the pioneei regiment of the State. In July, 1861, was 
appointed provost-marshal-general of the Army of the 
Wist by Genera] Nathaniel Lyon, and served on that 
distinguished officer's stall until his death. Took part 
in the battle of Dug Springs, Missouri, August 2, 1 861. 
At the battle- of Wilson's (.'reek, August IO, [86l, alter 
Colonel Deitzler was wounded and disabled, succeeded 
to the command of the regiment, and issued thereaftei 
the official regimental report ; received honorable mention 
for soldierly conduct at Wilson's Creek, in general order-, 
and in the official report of the battle. During the en- 
suing winter, when an invasion of Kansas by the Con 



federate forces was threatened, was despatched to that 
State by Major-General Fremont to confer with Governor 
Robinson touching ways and means for the common de- 
fence and public safety ; the invasion was averted and 
the delicate mission executed to the satisfaction of the 
department commander, who, in terms of commendation, 
made acknowledgment for what he was pleased to call 
"valuable public service." In his report assurance was 
given, on the word of her executive, that Kansas, in view 
of impending dangers, would become a "military camp, 
and her people an army of disciplined soldiers." 

In the autumn <>( 1862, as general commanding, under 
orders of the governor, and of Major-General Curtis, 
commanding the department, he organized, armed, and 
equipped with war material, for active field-service and 
the defence of the State, the Northern Division of the 
Kansas State forces. lie was engaged in the battle ol 
Westport, Missouri, ( Ictober 23, 1864. 

After the war he travelled extensively in Western 
Europe, Greece, Turkey, Egypt, and the Holy Land. 

In 1SS0 he was appointed consul at Bangkok, and 
subsequently promoted to the post of consul-general by 
President Garfield. In [882 he was further advanced to 
the station of minister resident in Siam. His public pre- 
sentation in his new diplomatic character at the Siame: e 
court was made the occasion of an imposing Oriental 
pageant. 

In 1883 Highland University conferred upon General 
Halderman the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. 

For his endeavors in behalf of civilization in the far 
East he received the thanks of the Universal Postal 
Union. 

In August, 1885, he resigned his position and returned 
to the United States. In recognition of "faithful observ- 
ance of treaty relations," and of his efforts to suppress 
a nefarious traffic in spirits under cover of the American 
flag, his Majesty the King of Siam honored him with the 
decoration of Knight Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the White Elephant. King Norodom tendered 
the investiture of Commander of the Royal Order of 
Cambodia in appreciation of his efforts to introduce posts 
and telegraphs into Cambodia and Cochin-China. 

He was honored by the friendship of ex-President 
Grant, who felt great interest in his mission of peace and 
justice to Siam, and to the great soldier is ascribed the 
declaration that the "minister's career in Southern Asia 
was one of the highest successes in American diplo- 
macy." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



CHAPLAIN JAMES HENRY BRADFORD, U.S.V. 

Chaplain James Henry Bradford, son of Rev. Moses 
Jradstrcet Bradford, was born in Grafton, Vermont, Au- 
gust 24, 1836. On his father's side he was descended 
from pure Pilgrim stock, being the eighth in direct line 
from Governor William Bradford, of Plymouth Colony, 
and through him reaching back three generations more to 
Rev. John Bradford, chaplain to the queen, afterwards 
burned at the stake for his religion, at Smithfield, in 1555, 
with Rogers, Latimer, and others. 

Chaplain Bradford's grandfather, Rev. Moses Bradford, 
was thirty-seven years minister of the town of Frances- 
town, New Hampshire. He was the fifteenth child in a 
family of twenty, coming from Canterbury, Connecticut. 
His father also preached nearly thirty years in Grafton. 
Both of them were men of exalted character and sound 
common sense. His grandfather on his mother's side, 
Thomas Dickman, was the first printer and publisher and 
postmaster in Franklin County, at Greenfield, Massa- 
chusetts ; founder of the Springfield Gazette, and after- 
wards of the Hampden Federalist, of Springfield. 

James Henry attended the district school and worked 
on his father's farm in Grafton until about seventeen 
years of age, when he went to Charleston. South Caro- 
lina, into the dry-goods establishment of his brother-in- 
law, William G. Bancroft, and remained three years under 
the strict discipline of that princely merchant. ( )ne inci- 
dent of life there was having the yellow fever in 1 854. 

To acquire a better education he entered Williston 
Seminar}, at East Hampton, Massachusetts, and thence 
Yale College, ami was in the first year of his theological 
course when the war broke out. lie was much inter- 
ested in the Thirteenth Regiment, quartered in New 
Haven, but being invited to visit the Twelfth, at Hart- 
ford, he was elected chaplain, securing every vote cast. 
The Twelfth was the only three years' regiment from 
Connecticut that had but one chaplain. 

Chaplain Bradford endeared himself very much to the 
men of his regiment by closely looking after their wel- 
fare. Possessing an excellent constitution, he shared the 
exposure with the men. When they lived in tents, he did. 
If they had none, he slept on the ground under the open 
sky. As a matter of fact, he hardly slept in a bed during 
the almost three years of his service. He had charge of 
all mail and express matter, and furnished reading for the 
men ; raised money for a band and purchase;! the instru- 
ments ; visited the sick daily, buried the dead, and marked 
and recorded their resting-place ; sent the money home 
for the boys, at one time at great personal risk, carry- 
ing several thousand dollars on his person through the 
enemy's country to the express office. 

His service was in the Department of the Gulf and 
with the Nineteenth Army Corps, under General Sheridan, 
in the Vallev. He was in the contests in Louisiana, at 



85 



f 




Port Hudson forty- two days ; at Winchester and Fisher's 
Hill in the Valley ; was never sick, captured, or wounded, 
but had several narrow escapes. His regiment was the 
first to ascend the Mississippi River and land at New 
( >rleans; the fust to re-enlist for the war, at which time 
the chaplain was requested to accept the colonelcy, but 
declined, preferring his old position. He was a thorough 
believer in liberty, and was the first man in the Depart- 
ment of the Gulf to apply for authority to raise a colored 
regiment, which was refused on the ground that the col- 
ored people were needed to gather the crops. 

After the war Chaplain Bradford took charge of a Con- 
gregational church at Hudson, Wisconsin, at which time- 
he married Miss Fallen J. Knight, of East Hampton, 
Mass., a niece of Lieutenant-Governor H. G. Knight. 

After two years in the pastorate he accepted the posi- 
tion of assistant superintendent and chaplain of the Mas- 
sachusetts State Reform School ; afterwards started the 
Connecticut Industrial School for Girls, and for four 
years made it the best school of the kind in the country. 
He was then called to superintend the Massachusetts 
State Primar)- School, where he showed excellent judg- 
ment in managing its six hundred and fifty inmates and 
forty officers. After a few- months' connection with 
Howard Mission, New York, he was called to Washing- 
ton to assist in the religious statistics of the Tenth Census ; 
thence to the Indian Bureau, where he has remained. He- 
was one of the early members of Garfield Post, G.\. R., 
and has always been its chaplain; served one year as 
chaplain of the Department of the Potomac; is also 
chaplain of the Loyal Legion. Chaplain Bradford 
preaches almost even- Sabbath in some vacant pulpit. 
He has four children living, two sons and two daughters. 
Mrs. Bradford has become widely known from originating 
and conducting the famous " Ben-Hur Tableaux." 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volvn; 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN T. LOCKMAN, 

u.s.v. 

Brevi i Brigadier-General [ohn T. Lockman was 
born in the city of New York on the 26th day of Sep- 
tember, 1834. At the outbreak of the Rebellion he was 
a student-at-law in the city of his birth. On the 19th day 
of .April, 1 861, he enlisted as a private in Comp.un ( , 
Ninth Regiment of New York State Militia. Having 
recruited Company II for the Ninth Regiment, lie was 
elected its first lieutenant on May 24, 1861. The regi- 
ment left New York on the 27th day of May for Wash- 
ington, arriving there on the evening of the 28th, relieving 
the Seventh New York State Militia. Participated in the 
Martinsburg campaign under General Robert Patterson, 
and Hall's Bluff under General Charles P.Stone; was 
commissioned captain November 25, 1861, and partici- 
pated in the movements terminating in the occupation of 
Winchester, Virginia, in March, 1862; the campaign in 
Virginia, July and August, 1862, under General Pope. 

General Lockman was commissioned lieutenant-colonel 
of the One Hundred and Nineteenth New York Volun- 
teers August 13, 1862, and participated in the battle of 
Chancellorsville May 2, [863, and on the death of Colonel 
Peisner in that battle succeeded to the command of the 
regiment, and on the ?,<\ of May was commissioned its 



colonel. At the battle of Gettysburg he was severely 
wounded during the first day's fight, July 1, 1863. 

On rejoining his regiment in September, 1863, the 
Eleventh and Twelfth Corps were ordered to the South- 
west to reinforce General Thomas, and he there took part 
in establishing communication with General Thomas, or, 
as it was usually styled, opening the " Cracker Line;" 
participating in the battles of Wauhatchie and Missionary 
Ridge, pursuit of General Bragg, and relief of Knoxville. 

On April 27, 1864, the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps 
were consolidated, and formed into the Twentieth Corps. 
The( >ne Hundred and Nineteenth Regiment was assigned 
to theSecond Brigade, Second Division of that corps, and 
participated in the battles of Rocky-Faced Ridge and 
II aca, at which battle, by order of General I looker, he 
led three regiments to an assault on a rebel battery. He 
participated in the battles of Cassville, Pine Hill, Kolb's 
Farm, Dallas (where he commanded the Second Brigade), 
Kenesaw Mountain, Peach-Tree Creek, and the siege of 
Atlanta, entering the city on September 2, [864. He also 
participated in the March to the Sea, siege and occupation 
of Savannah, Georgia, where he was placed in command 
of a provisional division to guard the captured cotton and 
stores. He also participated in the march through the 
Carolinas and movements resulting in the occupation of 
Charleston, Columbia, Winsborough, and Cheraw, South 
Carolina; and Fayetteville, battle of Bentonsville, occu- 
pation of Raleigh, North Carolina, and surrender of Gen- 
eral Joseph E. Johnston's army at Durham Station. 

General Lockman was brevetted brigadier-general of 
volunteers "lor meritorious services in the capture of 
Atlanta." 

At the close of the war he resumed the study of law, 
graduating from the Columbia College Law-School with 
the degree of B.L. in April, 1867, and was admitted to 
the bar ot the State oi New York in the same month. 

General Lockman served under the following, who were 
commanders of armies : Generals Scott, McDowell, Pat- 
terson, Meridian, Burnside, I looker, and Meade in the 
Army o) the Potomac; Grant, Rosecrans, Thomas, and 
Sherman in the Army of the Cumberland ; and Slocum, 
Army oi Georgia. Under Corps Commanders, Generals 
Stone, Hanks, Howard, Hooker, Slocum, Williams, and 
Mow er. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



87 



BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL CHARLES AMORY 
CLARK, U.S.V. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Amory Clark, 
now of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is of old-time Puritan and 
New England lineage. He was born in Sangerville, 
Maine, in 1841. His father was an able lawyer, and his 
grandfather a minister of the gospel. 

He is of the same family as was that Rev. Jonas Clark, 
of Lexington, who was the intimate and trusted personal 
friend of Samuel Adams and John Hancock. They were 
both under his roof when warned by Paul Revere of the 
troops sent out by < rage to capture them. The men who 
fell at Lexington were the parishioners of this sturdy 
clerical patriot, and standing over their dead bodies he ex- 
claimed, " from this day dates the liberty of the world." 

This stock had not degenerated in [861. Colonel 
Clark enlisted .April 24, the first man from his county to 
be enrolled. He was one of four brothers, all of whom 
served as officers in the volunteer forces from [86] to 
1865. All were severely wounded, and one died from 
hiswounds. An uncle, Major Atherton W. Clark, served 
gallantly in the Twentieth Maine. Two cousins were 
killed, both officers of the Sixteenth Maine. Colonel 
Clark went to the front as a private in Company A, Sixth 
Maine Volunteers. He earned his first commission, that 
of second lieutenant, in February, [862. He was promoted 
to first lieutenant and adjutant at 1 larrison's Landing after 
the " Seven Days' battles," in which he participated. 

The Sixth Maine was a gallant regiment, and served 
under distinguished brigade commanders, — Generals 
" Baldy" Smith, Hancock, and D. A. Russell. 

With his regiment, Lieutenant Clark was at Warwick 
Swamp, Lee's Mills, and in Hancock's superb charge at 
Williamsburg. He was in front of Richmond, at Gar- 
nett's Farm, Savage's Station, White Oak Swamp, and 
Malvern Hill. When the tide of battle swept North, he- 
was at second Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, under Burnside, and again under Sedg 
wick in May, [863, at the time of Hooker's Chancellors- 
ville campaign. 

Here with his regiment he w as at the front in the famous 
charge of the Light Division, through the " slaughter- 
pen," over the old stone wall, and up Marye's Heights 
into the fortifications of the enemy. The official report 
records that he was in the first group to enter the works. 
There he captured from a Confederate officer of the 
Washington Artillery the sabre which he afterwards wore 
in many engagements. Two days later, in a night fight 
while Sedgwick was recrossing the Rappahannock, the 
same report credits him with saving his regiment from 
capture by his personal intrepidity and decisive action, 
when every avenue of escape seemed cut oft". 

He was at Brand)- Station and at the blood}- field 
of Gettysburg. At Rappahannock Station, November 7, 




1863, he had his horse shot under him on the skirmish- 
line, and when at dusk the Sixth Maine made its ever 
memorable and bloody charge, he fell inside the cap- 
tured fortifications, one of the sixteen officers out of 
twenty-one engaged, who were killed or wounded, in an 
unparalleled feat at arms. The official report bears wit- 
ness that " he did not fall until he had driven his sword 
into the body of his adversary." His wounds were 
severe, and the following February lie was, against his 
will, honorably discharged on account of them. 

In April, [864, he re-entered the service as captain and 
assistant adjutant-general of volunteers. He was assigned 
to the brigade of General Burnham in the Eighteenth 
Corps. He served at Bermuda Hundred, at Fort Dar- 
ling, at Cold Harbor, at the capture of the enemy's forti- 
fications at Petersburg, June 15, 1864, and was at Burn- 
side's Mine, and in the movements around Petersburg that 
summer. < )n September 29, with Burnham's brigade, he 
was in the brilliant assault at Fort Harrison, where the 
works ami many guns were captured. General Burnham 
was killed. Every field officer in the brigade was killed 
or wounded. 

( )n the recommendation of General Hancock, Captain 
Clark was brevetted major for Marye's Heights and 
lieutenant-colonel for Rappahannock Station. He re- 
signed in November, 1864, with health seriously impaired 
by wounds, exposure, and disease. He stands at the head 
of his profession in Iowa, having a large and remunerative 
practice throughout that State and extending into several 
adjoining States. 

1 lolonel Clark has steadily refused to abandon his pro- 
fession for politics, and, while his voice is heard from the 
stump in every active campaign, he speaks as an advoi 
of what he regards as wholesome political principles, and 
not as an aspirant for political honors. 



88 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY {volunteer* 




COLONEL JOHN F. MARSH. U.S.V. 

Colonel John F. Marsh was born February i, [828, 
.it Hudson, New Hampshire, and is of the seventh gene- 
ration from George Marsh, who came from England with 
his family in 1635, and settled at Hingham, Massachusetts. 
The son of a farmer, his educational advantages were the 
public schools and village academy. Failing to receive 
an expected appointment as a cadetat West Point, young 
Marsh shouldered a musket in the spring of 1847, and, 
in the Ninth l'nited States Infantry, joined the army under 
Scott, ti > serve during the war with Mexico. The regiment 
landed at Vera Cruz in June, and a month later, in the 
command of ( leneral Pierce, afterwards President, marched 
into the interior, crossing the burning sands of the Tierra 
Caliente under a tropical sun in midsummer. Pierce's 
command was constantly menaced on the march by the 
enemy in the mountain passes; the soldiers, sleeping by 
their muskets at night, pushed forward by day to the 
music of whizzing bullets and rattling musketry. August 
7 the command joined Scott at Puebla, and four days 
later, with the army, moved forward towards the Valley of 
Mexico. 

I he battles ot Contreras and Churubusco, August 
[9 and 20, followed by Molino del key September S, 
Chapultepec, the Garitas, and City of Mexico, the 12th, 
[3th, and [4th, afforded the young soldier his practical 
military training. He was mustered out of the service 
August 23, 184S, after the close of the war, at Newport, 
Rhode Island. 

I he discover) of -old in California called his attention 
,11 that direction, and he sailed from New York in fanuary, 
1X4!,, on the ship "William J-'. Travis," for Galveston, 
Texas, where he organized a company, of which he was 
captain, and crossing Northern Mexico, her mountains 
and desert waste, enlivened by an occasional skirmish with 



hostile Indians, he camped in the New EI Dorado in 
fune, 1849, a modern Argonaut. 

In [855—56 he was a special agent of the Post-Office 
Department, New York to San Francisco, in the last year 
settling at Hastings, Minnesota, where he was postmaster 
fir five years, and also mayor of the city. 

Colonel Marsh entered the military service a second 
time fune 17, 1861, as first lieutenant Sixth Wisconsin 
Volunteers, afterwards a part of the " Iron Brigade," 
Army of the Potomac, ami was promoted to a captaincy 
in < Vtober. He was wounded in the knee at the battle 
of Gainesville, August 28, 1862, ami September 11 follow- 
ing was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Twelfth New 
Hampshire Infantry. An incident at the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg, in [862, is worth mentioning. At two o'clock 
on the morning of December 16, Colonel Marsh was 
ordered to place two companies of his regiment on the 
picket-line. Returning an hour later to report to General 
Whipple, he saw the streets tilled with moving troops. 
" W'e are to recross the river," said the general. " Not the 
army ?" queried the colonel. " Yes ; and nearly over now," 
was the reply. " Rut my two companies?" "They may 
be withdrawn, — they may be sacrificed ; you must cross 
with your regiment," said the general. 

Colonel Marsh crossed the river, as ordered; but re- 
turned and succeeded in saving his men, bringing them to 
the river just as the pontoons were being withdrawn. For 
this service, although he disobeyed orders, he was per- 
sonally thanked by General Whipple, who said, "You 
have greatly relieved me, colonel. I expected the men 
would be sacrificed. I couldn't help it ; you saw my 
1 irders." 

A severe wound, received May 3, [863, at the battle of 
Chancellorsville, compelled him to retire from field-ser- 
vice, and January 22, (864, he was transferred to the 
Veteran Reserve Corps, serving during the last year of 
the war on General Casey's board, convened for the 
examination of candidates for commissions in the military 
service, and on special duty in the Inspector-General's 
Department, visiting and reporting upon the condition of 
the several prisons and their military guards west of New 
\ ork, where Confederate prisoners-of-war were confined. 

April 20, [865, Colonel Marsh was commissioned colo- 
nel of the Twenty-fourth L'nited States Colored Infantry, 
but declined the appointment, doubting the expediency of 
employing the freed slaves as soldiers. March 13, 1865, 
he was brevetted colonel "tor gallant and meritorious 
conduct at the battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia." He 
resigned August 16, 1865. In November, [866, he was 
appointed L'nited States pension agent at Concord, New 
I fampshire. 

For the last eighteen years he has been engaged in 
the manufacture of surface-coated papers at Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and is a successful business man. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



89 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL EDWARD LESLIE 
MOLINEUX, U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General Edward Leslie Molineux 
was born October 12, 1833. He first became identified 
with the National Guard of the State of New York in 
[854; subsequently joined the Brooklyn City Guard 
(Thirteenth Regiment) and passed through the several 
grades of nun-commissioned rank, his membership being 
terminated by his acceptance of an important mission to 
South America. At the outbreak of the Civil War he 
was among the first to volunteer in defence of the Union, 
enrolling himself as a member of the Seventh Regiment. 
He was one of the foremost promoters of the Twenty- 
third Regiment of Brooklyn, when brigade inspector of 
the Eleventh Brigade; subsequently unanimously elected 
lieutenant-colonel of the Twenty-third Regiment. In Au- 
gust, [862, as lieutenant-colonel, he raised the One Hun- 
dred and Fifty-ninth Regiment New York Volunteers; 
was mustered into the United States service the following 
November as full colonel, and assigned to the Banks 
expedition with his regiment. He commanded a detach- 
ment of General Banks's army, protecting the right wing 
of the main body during the feint against Fort Hudson. 
On April 14, 1863, during the battle of Irish Bend, 
Colonel Molineux was severely wounded in the jaw- 
while leading a charge. As soon as his wounds permit- 
ted he returned to active service, and participated in the 
various fights of the Red River campaign ; was appointed 
assistant inspector-general of the Department of the Mis- 
sissippi ; afterwards provost-marshal-general and commis- 
sioner for the exchange of prisoners. He was made mil- 
itary commander of the Lafi lurche District, Louisiana, and 
was assigned to the duty of organizing State troops or 
independent companies of Louisiana scouts. Upon the 
construction of the celebrated dam at Alexandria, Colonel 
Molineux was given command of all the L : nited States 
forces < in the north side of the Red River. After the cam- 
paign he was ordered North with his regiment, joining 
General Grant in the operations against Petersburg and 
Richmond ; organized a provisional division of the Nine- 
teenth Army Corps and re-enforced General Sheridan in 
the Valley, and participated in all the engagements and 
battles of that campaign. He was promoted brigadier- 
general by brevet for conspicuous gallantly and zeal at 
Fisher's Hill, Winchester, and Cedar Creek. At the cli ise 
of this campaign his brigade was sent by sea to re -enforce 
General Sherman, and General Molineux was placed in 
charge of the works at Savannah, of Fort Pulaski, and 








Tybee. lie was instrumental in saving the ship "Law- 
rence," in recognition of which the New York Board ( ^Un- 
derwriters voted him a service of plate. He was made mil- 
itary commander of the District of Northern ( leorgia, with 
head-quarters at Augusta. He seized and secured to the 
L T nited States government Confederate coin and bullion 
to a very large amount, over seventy thousand bales of 
cotton, and quartermaster and commissary stores aggre- 
gating in value ten million dollars, and government build- 
ings and factories of great value. His administration of 
affairs was marked by wisdom, uniform courtesy, and 
kindness, combined with a bold execution of military law. 
General Molineux won the esteem of the entire commu- 
nity, receiving the thanks of the City Council and mer- 
chants of the city for his honest and fair treatment of the 
people of the town. He returned to civil life with the rank 
of major-general by brevet "for gallant and meritorious 
services during the war." He was subsequently made 
major-general of the Second Division National Guard, 
State of New York. He has for a number of years been 
connected with the firm of F. W. Devoe & C. T. Ray- 
nolds Co., New York City. He has contributed valuable 
articles to periodicals on subjects relating to physical 
culture in the public schools, the suppression of riots on 
railroads and in cities, and on various military subjects. 
Although he has been frequently nominated for office, he 
has persistently declined political preferment. He is an 
active member of the Military Order Loyal Legion, 
Grand Army of the Republic, and various public and 
charitable associations. 



12 



go 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND XAV\ r "eer 




COMMANDER C. H. ROCKWELL. U.S.N. 

Commander C. H. Rm kwell was born in Chatham, 
Massachusetts. April 2<j. [840, and entered the naval 
service as acting master July 5, [862. Attached to the 
" North Carolina," and then ordered to the steamer 
Penguin," East Gulf Squadron, as executive-officer. In 
May, [863, ordered to the L". S. schooner " Wanderer." 
In Jul\- of the same year he was ordered to command the 
t . S. schooner " Two Sisters." During the time he held 
this command active and important services were per- 
formed on the west f Florida, calling forth a 
commendatory letter from the commander-in-chief, who 
immended Rockwell for promotion. On December 
16, 1863, the Navy Department promoted him to acting 
volunteer lieutenant, "in consideration of good service." 
and a (<j\v days afterwards Lieutenant Rockwell was de- 
tached from the "Two Sister-" and ordered to com- 
mand the bark " Gem of the Sea." This command he 
retained until November. 1 864, when he was ordered to 
the command of tin LI. S. steamer " Hendrick Hudson." 
While in this command, and of the force blockading St. 
Mark's, Florida, he organized and directed an expedition 
against rebel salt-works, dispersing the armed force at 
the entrance of the river, and destroying a large amount 
of property. This called forth another letter of commen- 
dation from the commander-in-chief. On February 22, 
1 865, an expedition under Brigadier-General John Newton 
was organized to operate about St. Mark's, and, at 
reqi: I , Literal Newton, Lieutenant Rockwell 
ordered to the expedition as naval aid on the staff of 



the general, being placed in charge of the transporta- 
tion of the troops. The forces landed at St. Mark's, 
and had an engagement at Newport, followed by a bloody 
battle at Natural Bridge, eight miles below Tallaha- 
L'pon the return of the expedition, Lieutenant Rockwell 
received a letter of thanks for his services from General 
Newton. He resumed command of the " Hendrick 
Hudson," and on March 27. [865, was promoted to the 
"rade of actintr volunteer lieutenant-commander. Re- 
mained in command until August 8, 1865. when he was 
granted four months' leave of absence, and was honor- 
ably discharged from the naval service December 8. 1 : 
In November, 1866. Lieutenant-Commander Rockwell 
was examined for the regular service, and appointed 
acting master at once. He served for nearly a year on 
board the " Osceola," in the West Indies, and then went 
to Brazil as a passenger in the " Idaho," joined the flag- 
ship " Guerriere," and served in her until her return 
home in July, 1869. In 1868 he was made master, and 
in December of the same year commissioned as lieuten- 
ant. After a short service in the receiving-ship " Yan- 
dalia." at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, he was ordered 
to the L*. S. S " Palos," and proceeded in her to China, 
commanding her until October. 1872. when he returned 
to the L'nited States in the " Alaska." During his com- 
mand of the " Palos" participated in the actions with the 
Corean forts, in Admiral John . - expedition. 

From March, 1873. to September, 1874, he was on duty 
at the Portsmouth Navy- Yard ; then served some months 
on the " Plymouth" and " Colorado," and in June. 1875 
became light-house inspector of the Fourteenth District. 
On June 1, 1876. was ordered as executive-officer of the 
U. S. S. " Adams." On February z- - as promoted 
to lieutenant-commander, and served at the Torpedo 
School. In May. [878, joined the " Jamestown" as ex- 
ecutive, and served in Alaska in that ship until Septem- 
ber, 1 88 1. Then he was on duty at the Boston Navy- 
Yard until October, 1882. In 1883 attached to the 
receiving-ship " Franklin," at Norfolk, Yirginia. In Sept., 
1884. took a large draft of men to the Isthmus for the 
Pacific Squadron. Was at the Torpedo School again in 
INS;, and at the War College. From April, 1886. to ( )ct.. 
. ed on the training-ship " Minnesota," at New 
York. ( in < let. 31, 1888, was promoted to commander, 
and in Feb.. 1889, took command of U. S. S Yantic." 

Commander Rockwell is at present in command of 
the receiving-ship " St. Louis," at the navy -yard. League 
Island. Pennsylvania. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



MAJOR-GENERAL GRENY1LLE M. DODGE, U.S.V. 

Major-General Grexville M. Dodge was born in 
Danvers, Massachusetts, April 12, 1831. He received 
considerable military training as a boy at Norwich Uni- 
versity, and had as a classmate the brilliant young general, 
Ransom. He moved to the West and secured a position 
on the engineer corps of the Rock Island Railroad, and 
was soon entrusted with the survey of the Rock Island 
road to Peoria. While here he prophesied the building 
of. and the route for. the first great Pacific Railroad, a line 
to which, in later years, he was to become so potently 
related. After finishing his Peoria survey he was for 
some years in Iowa, in the employ of the Mississippi & 
Missouri Railroad Company, and finally settled in busi- 
ness at Council Bluffs, Iowa, where he was engaged in 
the manifold interests of banker, real-estate dealer, and 
freighter when the war of the Rebellion commenced. 

Dodge having previously organized a militia company 
at Council Bluffs, hastened to tender himself to the State 
government ; but, not having any arms, Governor Kirk- 
wood sent him to Washington, and by his energy and 
zeal obtained what the members of Congress could not 
get for the State. — arms and ammunition. 

The War Department, recognizing his push and ability-, 
offered him a captaincy in the regular army, which Dodge 
declined. Then an additional regiment of Iowa volun- 
teers was accepted from the governor, on the ex- 
condition that Dodge should be its colonel. The Fourth 
Iowa Infantry was immediately organized at Council 
Bluffs, and in two weeks' time Colonel Dodge was lead- 
ing it against the rebels in Northern Missouri. He did 
not wait for the government to slowly clothe and equip 
it, but pledged his own credit for the purpose, and at the 
same time recruited a battery in like manner. 

It was Dodge's resnment that first entered the citv at 
the battle of Springfield, and at Pea Ridge his brigade 
saved Curtis s army from disaster, although he was there 
wounded and had three horses killed and a fourth 
wounded under him. Colonel Dodge was then promoted 
brigadier-general, and, after recovering from his wounds, 
was assigned to duty at Columbus. Kentucky, with the 
task set before him of rebuilding the Mobile & Ohio 
Railroad. This was through a long stretch of country, 
where even- mile had to be watched and every stream 
and bridge guarded from guerillas, but by the 26th of 
June. 1862, General Dodge had trains running from 
Columbus to Corinth. 

November 15. 1862, General Grant appointed Dodge 
to the important command of Corinth. All sort 
business talent was required in his position of general, 
engineer, judge, railroad manager, chief of corps of ob- 
servation, etc., and both Grant's army at Corinth and 
Rosecrans's army at Chattanooga relied on him for all 
information as to the movements of the enemy. He built 



91 




all railroads needed in his department, and those that 
could be of use to the enemy he destroyed ; he inter- 
cepted and defeated all raiding parties and almost effec- 
tually put a stop to guerilla warfare. He was of great 
-tance to our own raiding parties, in one of which, 
under his protection, twenty million dollars of supplies 
for Bragg's army was destroyed. 

About this time President Lincoln called him to Wash- 
ington to consult about the construction of the Union 
Pacific Railroad. When Vicksburg fell, Grant recom- 
mended Dodge for important promotion in recognition of 
his services. Then Grant succeeded Rosecrans, and he 
sent for Dodge for one of his fighting generals, but before 
he reached him he ordered him to halt and rebuild the 
railroad from Decatur to Nashville. This he did in forty 
days. After this he participated in all the campaigi 
the Western army. He with his corps (the Sixteenth) 
covered himself with glory at Atlanta, where he was sub- 
sequently wounded. After recovering, he was assigned 
to the Department of the Missouri until the close of the 
war. 

Since the war days, General Dodge's career has been 
one of great business and political importance. He was 
elected to Congress over a rival po of many and 

varied accomplishments, and on going to Washington 
was recognized as an authority on all great national ques- 
tions. His important duties in connection with the com- 
pletion of the Union Pacific Railroad — a directorship and 
the executive position he held in that great corporation — 
led him to decline re-election to Congress. In Iowa he 
is still a great projector and constructor of railways, and 
is credited with near n with the first capita' 

of the nation. His home is still in Council Bluffs, though 
a large portion of his time is spent in New York City, 
where his counsel is sought by capitalist 



9 2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL WILLIAM F. DRAPER. 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General William F. Draper was 
born in Lowell, Mass., April 9, 1842. His parents were 
George and Hannah Thwing Draper, both now deceased. 
George Draper was a remarkable man for strength of 
character, energy, and intellect, and left a record of use- 
fulness excelled by few of his contemporaries. One of 
his ancestors, Major Abijah Draper of Dedham, fought 
in the Revolutionary War. 

His eldest son, William, received an education for 
Harvard University. This was interspersed with periods 
of labor in machine-shops and cotton-mills. 

The war changed his plans, and on the oth of August, 
1 86 1, he enlisted in a local volunteer company that 
George Draper was instrumental in raising. This com- 
pany became Company B of the Twenty-fifth Massachu- 
setts, and William F. Draper was chosen second lieuten- 
ant. 1 lis war experience extended over nearly f< mr years' 
campaigning. First, in the Burnside Expedition he 
became si gnal- officer on the general's staff, engaging in 
the battles of Roanoke Island, New-Berne, and Fort Mai on 
when he was promoted first lieutenant and returned to 
his regiment. In August, 1862, he was commissioned 
captain in the Thirty-sixth Massachusetts, and joined 
his regiment just after the battle of South Mountain, 
Man-land. With the Thirty-sixth he went through the 
rest of the Antietam campaign and battle of Fredericks- 
burg, and was then sent to Newport News. Then 
several months were spent pursuing Morgan's cavalry 
in Kentucky. 

In June, 1863, he joined Grant's army at Vicksburg, 
taking part in the capture, and subsequently in the march 
to Jackson and the fighting in that locality. His regi- 
ment was reduced, from fighting and sickness, from six 



hundred and fifty in June to one hundred and ninety- 
eight in September. During this campaign he was pro- 
moted major of the regiment. 

In August, 1863, he returned to Kentucky, and marched 
through Cumberland Gap into East Tennessee. Then 
the siege of Knoxville and battles of Blue Springs, Camp- 
bell's Station, and Strawberry Plains were fought, Major 
Draper commanding the regiment after the 10th of 
October, in the place of Colonel Goodell, who was 
w 1 lunded. 

In the spring of 1864 his corps was moved to Annap- 
olis and partially recruited, then joining the Army of the 
Potomac. In the battle of the Wilderness, on the 6th of 
May, he was shot through the body while leading his 
regiment on the top of a rifle-pit just being captured by 
his men. After having been left on the field as hopelessly 
wounded, and being captured by, and recaptured from, 
the rebels, he was saved and sent to a hospital in Wash- 
ington. He was commissioned lieutcnand-colonel from 
this date, and served as colonel the rest of his service. 

After partially recovering from the wound, he joined 
his regiment during the siege of Petersburg, and took 
command of a brigade at the Weldon Railroad engage- 
ment. A month later, at Poplar Grove Church and Pe- 
gram Farm, his division was severely engaged and cut 
off from the rest. His regiment was the only one of the 
brigade that came out as an organization, and they 
brought back the colors of several others. He was again 
wounded in the shoulder by a nearly-spent ball. 

On the 12th of October his service expired, and he 
accepted a discharge, as his wounds were troublesome. 
He was brevetted colonel and brigadier-general for " gal- 
lant service during the war." Both regiments he was 
engaged with were " fighting regiments," the Twenty-fifth 
Massachusetts losing seventy per cent, of their number, 
killed or wounded, in one engagement (Cold Harbor), 
while the Thirty-sixth Massachusetts, in the campaign 
beeinnin"; with the Wilderness, had every field- and line- 
officer, except one, killed or wounded, and three-fourths 
of the enlisted men. 

The war over, he then engaged in the manufacture of 
cotton-machinery, and is now at the head of the firm of 
George Draper & Sons, beside being president or 
director in more than twenty other manufacturing, rail- 
road, or insurance companies, etc. He is a mechanical 
expert, and an inventor with a record of fifty patents. 

General Draper served for three years on Governor 
Long's staff, had a hot fight for the gubernatorial 110111- 
ination in 1888, and is now elected to Congress from 
the Eleventh Massachusetts District, having defeated 
his Democratic opponent by two thousand five hun- 
dred. He is a well-known writer on economics, and 
was during the last year president of the Home-Market 
Club. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



MAJOR HARRISON SOULE, U.S.V. 

Maji ir Hah risi in Si >ule is a lineal descendant of George 
Soule, one of the " Mayflower" Puritans. He was born in 
Murray, Orleans Count}-, New York, August, [832. His 
parents moved to Marengo, Calhoun County, Michigan, 
in 1836. Here he worked on his father's farm in the 
summer, attending the district school in the winter till his 
seventeenth year. He was then a student in Albion 
College three years, and one year in the Mercantile 
College, Detroit, from which he graduated in [852. He 
was then employed as book-keeper and general account- 
ant in a large manufacturing establishment in Detroit. 

In 1855 he married Miss Mary E. Parker, by whom he 
has two daughters, — Mary Eva, now Mrs. L. L. Clark, of 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Annah May, teacher in the 
State Normal School, Ypsilanti, Michigan. 

On the breaking out of the Civil War he was in mer- 
cantile business at Albion, Michigan. Prompted by pa- 
triotism, he was one of the first to enlist in response to the 
President's call for volunteers. He was ordered into camp 
at Fort Wayne, Detroit, for military instruction and dis- 
cipline under that gallant old soldier General A. S. Wil- 
liams. Evincing an aptitude for military tactics, he was 
commissioned captain and ordered to raise a new company 
of volunteers. This was quickly done, and they were 
mustered in as Company I of the Sixth Michigan Volun- 
teer Infantry, afterwards transferred to the 1 feavy Artillery 
Department. 

With his regiment he was ordered to Baltimore, Marx- 
land, soon after the mob fired upon the Union soldiers 
while passing through that city. Here Captain Soule was 
daily on patrol duty or drilling his company until Feb- 
ruary, [862. His regiment was then ordered to Newport 
News, Virginia, but soon after embarked on the steamship 
" Constitution" to join General B. F. Butler's army of the 
Gulf Department. After a few weeks on Ship Island they 
were taken on the ship " Great Republic" for the capture 
of Forts Jackson and St. Philip. 

He was next transferred, with his company, to the gun- 
boat " Wissahickon," and was with the fleet at the sur- 
render and occupation of New Orleans. 

Major Soule next went with the fleet, under Commodore 
Farragut, on the first expedition for the capture of Vicks- 
burg, led by General Thomas Williams. In short, he par- 
ticipated in all the campaigns of the Gulf Department, the 
history of which is the record of Major Soule. Severely 
wounded at Baton Rouge, he was sent North for medical 
treatment. In three months, when but partially recovered, 
he reported for duty to his regiment, and, with his arm in 
a sling, engaged in the siege of Port Hudson. 




Major Soule was not off duty a day during the war 
except for wounds received in battle, and was honored in 
genera] orders for gallant service in severe engagements 
during over four years of active service. 

Major Soule holds two commissions as major of his 
regiment. He declined the first, preferring to be on active 
duty with his heroic company than a major of the regi- 
ment without command. On receiving the second com- 
mission a year afterwards, he assumed immediate command 
of the regiment, as its only superior officer was detailed 
on other duty. He then fitted out the serviceable arm 
and batteries with siege-guns and mortars for the invest- 
ment of Mobile, doing active service to the end of the 
campaign. 

fuly 9, [865, he took the regiment to New Orleans, 
under orders, and received a new outfit and armament of 
light siege-guns, and was transferred to General Sherman 
for a campaign to the Texas frontier, in \iew of Maxi- 
milian's occupation of Mexico; but before any movement 
of troops was made affairs there so changed that he was 
ordered to turn over all government stores, to muster out 
under special orders, and to take his regiment to Michigan 
to be discharged and paid off, which was done Septem- 
ber 5, 1865. 

On returning to civil life, Major Soule was made pas- 
senger agent of the Michigan Central Railroad. For the 
past ten years he has been treasurer of the Universit) <■! 
Michigan. He is a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic and a companion of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States, Commandery of 
Michigan. 



94 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN PULEORD, 
U.S.V. (retiri d). 

Brevet Brigadier-General John Pulford was born 
in New York City July 4, [837. He was educated in the 
public schools and afterwards read law, and is now a mem- 
ber of the Detroit bar, in which city he has resided since 
[850. When tile war of the Rebellion broke out in [86] 
he was proprietor of a hotel and foreman of Engine Com- 
pany No. 3 in said city, and on April jo he, in conjunction 
with Mi'. 1''.. T. Sherlock, proprietor of the Metropolitan 
Theatre, reorganized said fire company into a military 
company and offered their services to the general gov- 
ernment, and on lime l<j, [861, he was commissioned 
first lieutenant Fifth Michigan Infantry. He was sta- 
tioned at Fort Wayne, Michigan, to September 11, [861, 
when lie, with his regiment, left to join the Army of the 
Potomac, and was actively engaged with said army in all 
its campaigns and battles up to Malvern 1 [ill, where he was 
severely wounded by a ricochet cannon-ball, which frai 
tured his tempi iral b( >ne and also broke his jaw and collar 
bones, lie was taken prisoner and retained at Richmond 
until [uly iS, 1862. He was promoted captain May 15, 
1862, and major January 1, [863. He did not recover 
from his wounds until September 12, 1 862, when he again 
took- the field, and participated in the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg. In this battle his company and regiment 
suffered severely. 

fh« regimental commander having been killed, Cap- 
tain Pulford, although one of the junior captains, was 
soon alter appointed major ol the regiment, the oil' 



Infantry, and the next day, May 3, assumed command of 
the regiment, after Lieutenant-Colonel E. T. Sherlock 
hail been killed, and remained in command of the regi- 
ment (though suffering severely from a wound received 
at Chancellorsville) up to and including the battle of 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, where he was twice wounded, 
but did not leave the field or his command. 

Major Pulford was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 
Fifth Michigan May 3, [863, and in August of that year 
was sent to New York City with his regiment on account 
of the draft riots, and from there to Troy, New York, for 
the same purpose, returning to the Army of the Potomac 
September tS, [863. On December 29, 1 863, he went 
on veteran furlough, and returning to the field in Febru- 
ary, [864, he participated in the actions and movements 
of the Army of the Potomac to the surrender of l.ee, 
April 9, I So;. 

At the battle of the Wilderness Colonel Pulford was 
severely wounded, having his back broken and both arms 
partially disabled from an injury to the brachial plexus 
and loss of part of the first and second dorsal vertebrae. 
He was promoted colonel of his regiment Jul}- 12, 1 864, 
and brevet brigadier-general of volunteers March 13, 
1 So;, "for good conduct and meritorious services 
during the war," and was honorably mustered out July 
5, [86 S . 

General Pulford held on various occasions command 
of a brigade and division during the war, and of sev- 
eral Western regiments at its close. 

He has to his credit all general engagements the 
Army of the Potomac participated in (except first and 
second Hull Run, Chantilly. and Antietam), including 
surrender of insurgent armies at Appomattox Court- 
I louse. 

< )n February 23, [866, he entered the regular army as 
lieutenant and served in the Southwest and West, and en- 
gaged in General Hancock's expedition across the Plains 
against hostile Indians to April, [867. Subsequently he 
was placed on reconstruction duty in the South, and was 
retired from active service with the rank oi colonel, on 
account of wounds received in tile line of duty, December 
15, 1S70. 

General Pulford is the seventh son and ninth child of 
Edward and Sarah Lloyd (Anis) Pulford, the former a 
native of Norwich, and the latter of Bristol, England. 
They emigrated to New York City in [833. 

In [856 he married Miss Sarah L. Lee, who died in 
1S75, leaving four children, — namely, Ida A., wife of 
George F. Summer; Josephine A., wife of Henry Cleland ; 
Grant I.., a clerk in the Detroit post-office; Sadie E., 



>f the regiment having petitioned to the governor for his wife of Theodore F. Quinby, one of the editorial stall" 



promotion, oil account of his efficient services as an offi- 
cer. At the battle of ( hancellorsville, May 2, 1 863, he 
assisted in the capture of the Twenty-third Georgia 



of the Detroit Free Press. In [883 General Pulford 
married Mrs. Emma ]. Cady. They have one child, John 
Pulford, fr. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



95 



COLONEL FELIX ALEXANDER REEVE, U.S.V. 

Colonel Felix Alexander Reeve, the eldest son of 
Thomas J. and Rebecca Ann Earnest Reeve, was born in 
Eastern Tennessee, September 4. 1K36. The Reeve family 
has been seated in Suffolk, England, for centuries. On 
his father's side, Colonel Reeve is descended from the 
Adams stock, and the Coxes of Maryland ; and through 
his mother, from the Oliphants and Bruces of Scotland, 
and the Ernsts of Germany. 

In i860 he left his country home and went to Knox- 
villc, where he resided in the family of the widely famous 
Parson Brownlow, and read law with Hon. O. P. Temple, 
having the friendship of these sterling Union men, as well 
as of other leaders of the patriotic people of East Ten- 
nessee, "whose faith stood firm as rocky mountains," 
when the life of the nation was imperilled. Their loy- 
alty, sacrifice, and suffering will be the theme of song and 
story in ages yet to be ! 

Colonel Reeve was a Whig and Unionist; and after 
voting for the candidate for the Federal Congress in Au- 
gust, [86l, he left his native mountains for Washington 
City, where he was employed in the Treasury Depart- 
ment by Secretary Chase, until he resigned to enter the 
F"ederal army. By order of President Lincoln he was 
appointed a colonel ami authorized to recruit a regi- 
ment of loyal Tennesseeans. Proceeding to Kentucky 
in 1862, he recruited the Eighth Tennessee Infantry 
Volunteers from the refugees who had fled from home 
and family to escape the rebel conscript; and so suc- 
cessful were his efforts, that when General Burnside 
started for East Tennessee, he had a thousand well- 
officered men in line. I lis regiment was assigned to the 
Second Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-third Army 
Corps. Upper F",ast Tennessee was occupied by the Fed- 
eral arm_\- early in September, 1863 ; Colonel Reeve took 
an active part in that campaign, and was at Knoxville 
with his regiment during the siege, — from November 17 
until December 5, — when it was raised after an unsuc- 
cessful assault on Fort Saunders. 

On the 4th of May, 1864, he was ordered on the Geor- 
gia campaign. The first engagement was at Buzzard's 
Roost, the 9th of May; on the 14th was fought the bat- 
tle of Resaca, the Twenty-third Corps bringing on the 
engagement. The battle of Burnt Hickory was fought 
May 26 ; then ensued daily skirmishing until the battle of 
Kenesaw Mountain, June 17. In this engagement his 
brother, Jesse S. Reeve, adjutant of the regiment, fell 
mortally wounded. 

On October 4, 1X64, General Thomas assumed com- 
mand of the Fourteenth, Sixteenth, Nineteenth, and 
Twenty-third Corps, and moved northward, while General 
Sherman proceeded South with the remainder of his 
army. The Eighth Tennessee took part in several 
actions just prior to the battle of Franklin, November 




30, and the battle of Nashville, December 1, in both of 
which, as well as in other engagements, it bore a gallant 
and conspicuous part. The Army of the Ohio having 
been ordered to North Carolina in January, [865, the 
Eighth Tennessee was in the actions of Fort Anderson, 
Town Creek, and Wilmington. Returning to Nashville 
in the spring, the regiment was mustered out of the 
service. 

.\s commanding officer of the regiment, and for a time 
of a brigade, he was rewarded by the commendation of 
General Burnside, General Schofield, and his more imme- 
diate commander, General Cox, who spoke of him as " a 
brave and meritorious officer." 

( (wing to illness contracted in the Georgia campaign, 
Colonel Reeve, by advice of his surgeon, resigned from 
the army, but with reluctance. 

After leaving the service he resumed the study, and 
entered upon the practice, of the law at Knoxville. With- 
out ambition outside of his profession, he has never si night 
political preferment. He is an independent Democrat 
and a member of the Loyal Legion. 

Before retiring from the executive chair, President 
Johnson nominated him for the office of United States 
attorney for the Eastern District of Tennessee ; but the 
unsolicited honor was declined. 

He pursued the practice of law until January, 1X79, 
when he removed to Washington City. In 1880 he was 
professionally employed in the 1 >epartment of Justice. In 
[886 he was appointed assistant solicitor of the Treasury 
by President Cleveland, a position he has continued to 
hold acceptably underPresident Harrison. 

In the spring of 1865 Colonel Reeve intermarried with 
Wilhelmina Donelson-Maynard of Knoxville ; and as .1 
reward of this union they have been blessed with eight 
children. 



9 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR GREENLIEF THURLOW STEVENS, 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Major Greenlief Thurlow Stevens was 
born in Belgrade, Kennebec Count)-, Maine, on August 
20, [831, being the youngest son of Daniel Stevens and 
Mahala Smith, his wife, daughter of Captain Samuel 
Smith. Ilis grandfather, William Stevens, came from 
1. eh, mon, in York County, Maine, and settled in Kenne- 
bec about the year [796, and on the farm, then a wilder- 
ness, where the subject of this sketch was born. 

Major Stevens was educated in the public schools of 
his native town and at Titcomb Belgrade Academy, and 
,11 Litchfield Liberal Institute. For several years he fol- 
lowed teaching, which he made a success. lie read law 
with lion. Samuel Titcomb, of Augusta, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1 <S6o, subsequently entering the 
Senior class. Law Department, Harvard University, where 
he graduated in July, [ 86 1 , receiving the degree of Bach- 
elor of Laws. While at Harvard he was the pupil of the 
eminent jurists Washburn, Parker, and Parsons. 

After graduation he returned to Maine, and on Decem- 
ber 14, [86l, was commissioned first lieutenant in the 
Fifth Battery, Mounted Artillery. Maine Volunteers, and 
mustered into the- United States service as such for .1 
peril id o| three years. 

The winter and a portion of the spring of 1862 were 
devoted exclusively to drill and the study of military tac- 
tii In May he took the field and served successiveh 
under Generals McDowell, Pope, McClellan, Burnside, 
Looker, Meade, Grant, and Sheridan. 

At the battle of Fredericksburg he was in the imme- 
diate command of the battel)-, his superior acting as chief 
of artillery, Second Division, First Army Corps. ,\t the 



battle of Chancellorsville, May 3, [863, Lieutenant Ste- 
vens was wounded by the fragment of a shell. 

On June 21, he was promoted captain of that batter)-, 
and at the battle of Gettysburg, on the afternoon of July 
2, received another wound, a musket-ball passing through 
both legs, below the knees. 

In the autumn of 1863 he participated in the general 
operations of the Army of the Potomac at Rappahannock 
Station and Mine Run, and in [864 was with the same 
ami)- and under General Grant from the crossing of the 
Rapidan to the assault upon Petersburg. On Jul)- 10, 
1864, he was detached with his batten- from the Army 
of the Potomac with the Sixth Army Corps, under Gen- 
eral Wright, and proceeded to Washington for its defence, 
the national capital being threatened by the rebel army 
under Early. Subsequently with his batter)- he joined 
the Army of the Shenandoah under Sheridan, and was 
engaged in the three great battles which resulted in the 
complete destruction of the rebel army under Early. 

( >n February 14, 1865, he was appointed "major by 
brevet, for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle 
of Cold Harbor, Line 3 ; battle of Winchester (Opequan), 
September 19; and battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Oc- 
tober 19, to take rank from October 19, 1 S64." 

At the close of the war Major Stevens was mustered out 
of the service with his batten - , having served three years 
and five months. This batter)-, the Fifth Maine, lost 
more men in killed and wounded in the three Ljreat bat- 
tles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, ami Cedar Creek, 
than an)- other battery in a like number of battles in the 
war of the Rebellion, either volunteer or regular (see 
"Regimental Losses in the American Civil War," by 
William H. Fox, pp. 463,464). lie turned to his profes- 
sion at the close of the war, in which he was eminently suc- 
cessful, being engaged in nearly every case in his vicinity. 

In [875 he was a member of the Maine House of Rep- 
resentatives, and in [877 and 1S7S a member of the Senate, 
the latter year serving as chairman of the Committee on 
tin Judicial)-. 

In iSSS he was elected sheriff of Kennebec County 
lor two years, and in 1890 re-elected to the same position. 

In 1892 he was chosen judge of the Probate Court of 
Kennebec Count)-, a highly-responsible position. 

He is also a member of the Maine Gettysburg Com- 
mission, taking an active part in procuring and locating 
the Maine monuments on that historic field. 

For a wife he married Mai)- A. Ycatoii, a school-mate 
of his youth, and daughter of Richard Yeaton (2d), an 
enterprising farmer of his native town. 

four children, — Jessie, Don Carlos, Ala, and Rupert, 
— only one oi whom is now living, Don Carlos, a Uni- 
tarian divine, located at Fairhaven. Massachusetts. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



97 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL JOSEPH WARREN KEIFER, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Major-General Joseph Warren Keifer 
(Springfield, Ohio) was born on a farm on Mad River, 
Clark County, Ohio, January 30, 1836. His father, Joseph 
Keifer, was a civil engineer and a farmer. He was edu- 
cated in public schools and at Antioch College. He 
taught a term in a country public school and labored on 
a farm, reading law at night and odd hours until the 
autumn of 1856, when he entered a law office in Spring- 
field, Ohio. lie was admitted to practise law in Ohio 
January 12, 1858, and since in the Supreme and other 
courts of the United States. 

He enlisted in the Union army April [9, 1861 ; became 
major of the Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry April 27, 
1 86 1 ; lieutenant-colonel same regiment February 12, 1862; 
colonel ( )ne 1 [undred and Tenth < )hio Volunteer Infantry 
September 30, 1862. He was appointed by President 
Lincoln brevet brigadier-general of volunteers " for gallant 
and meritorious services in the battles of Opequon, Fish- 
er's Hill, and Cedar Creek, Virginia," and assigned to duty 
by him with that rank. He received the commission of 
brevet major-general of volunteers "for gallant and dis- 
tinguished services during the campaign ending in the 
surrender of the insurgent army under General R. 1*".. Lee." 
After four years and two months' continuous service he 
resumed the practice of the law. He was, in 1866, on 
the unsolicited recommendations of Generals Grant and 
Meade, appointed lieutenant-colonel Twenty-sixth In- 
fantry, which appointment he declined. 

He participated, in 1861, in the Rich and Cheat Moun- 
tain campaigns ; then joined Buell's army in Kentucky ; 
was at the taking of Bowling Green, Nashville, and, under 
General O. M. Mitchell, Murfreesborough, Tennessee; 
Huntsville, Decatur, and Bridgeport, Alabama. He led 
(April 30, 1862) the first expedition into Georgia, destroy- 
ing saltpetre works at Nicojack Cave, capturing, at Shell 
Mound, a train of cars with supplies, prisoners, etc. 

He was with Buell's army in its retreat after Bragg 
through Tennessee and Kentucky. As colonel he again 
went to West Virginia and participated in a winter cam- 
paign (1862-63), and fought in the three days' battles 
(June, 1863) at Winchester, being there twice wounded, 
not disabled. He joined, with his brigade, the Army of 
the Potomac (Third Corps) July 9, 1863, and in August 
went in command of troops to New York City to enforce 
the draft, returning in September. Besides many minor 
engagements, he fought at Brandy Station, Mine Run 
(1863), the Wilderness (1864), where his left forearm was 
shattered with a bullet. He commanded his brigade 
(Sixth Corps), under Sheridan, at Opequon, (there again 
slightly wounded,) Fisher's Hill, and the Third Division, 
Sixth Army Corps, at Cedar Creek (1864). 

With the Sixth Army Corps he rejoined the Army of 
J 3 




the Potomac, December, 1864, and was posted 011 its ex- 
treme left. He led a successful assault March 25, 1865, 
and (April 2) his division in storming the main line, re- 
sulting in the capture of Petersburg and Richmond. 

In pursuing Lee's army, he fought at Jettersville, and 
at Sailor's Creek (the last field engagement of the war) 
he led a successful attack, capturing many distinguished 
officers and several thousand men. Commodore J. R. 
Tucker, with his Naval Brigade, surrendered to him per- 
sonally. He was at the surrender of Lee ; then, with his 
corps, went to North Carolina, but it turned back on 
learning Johnston's army had surrendered, he himself 
going through to Sherman's army. 

From July, 1863, to Lee's surrender there were killed 
and wounded in his brigade above three thousand men, — 
more than fell in the American army under Washington. 

He was in the Ohio Senate, 1868-69; was department 
commander of Ohio, G. A. R., 1868-70 ; vice-commander- 
in-chief, G. A. R., 1872-73 ; senior vice-commander Loyal 
Legion of Ohio (1890-91); trustee Ohio Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Orphans' Home (an institution he did much to 
establish), 1 870-/8; trustee of Antioch College since 
1873; a director and president of the Lagonda National 



Bank 



18; 



delegate-at-large at the National Re- 



publican Convention, 1876, and elected to Congress in 
1876-78-80-82. 1 le served in Congress on War Claims, 
Elections, Appropriations, and other committees. He 
was Speaker of the Forty-seventh Congress, [881-83, 
during which term he made many parliamentary decisions 
from which appeals were taken to the House, which 
always sustained him, though his party majority was small. 
He is now, in full vigor of life, practising law and partici- 
pating in politics and public affairs. He married Eliza 
Stout March 22, i860, who, with three sons,— Joseph War- 
ren, William White, and Horace Charles,— are living. 



9 8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




CAPTAIN CHARLES CURIE, U.S.V. 

Captain Charles Curie was born near Montbeliard, 
Department du Doubs, France, in 1842. He came to 
America with his parents in [844, and lived in Paterson, 
New Jersey. In 1856, while but fourteen years of age, 
he left home for Cleveland, < )hio, to accept a situation in 
a store there which was offered to him by a relative. I te 
returned in [859, and entered into the service of the 
importing house oi Ad. Koop & Sattler, 38 Broad Street, 
New York, where he remained attending to the custom- 
house business of the firm until the breaking out of the 
Civil War, when, on April [9, [861, he enlisted with the 
New York Zouaves, afterwards known as the Hawkins 
Zouaves (Ninth New York Volunteers), and served in 
that regiment during its service under Butler at Newport 
News, mm\ the capture of Forts Clark and Hatteras in 
North Carolina, and in the relief of the Twentieth Indiana 
Regiment at Chicamicomico, North Carolina; was with 
his regiment in all its battles in its service in Burnside's 
North Carolina expedition in [862. In the charge of his 
regiment on Fort Defiance, Roanoke [sland, he was the 
first to reach the works and to wave the flag of the 
Ninth Regiment over them, although then a private sol- 
dier but little over nineteen years of age. Was with his 
regiment in the second Bull Run campaign in Virginia 
and in the .Maryland campaign following, which culmi- 
nated in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam. 
In the latter battle he was wounded in the charge of his 
regiment on the rebel batteries, and furloughed and sub- 
sequently promoted to lieutenant in the Second battalion 
Hawkins Zouaves, afterwards consolidated and known as 
the ( >ne 1 [undred and Seventy-eighth New York Veteran 
Volunteers. He served with it as acting adjutant, doing 
provost duty in the city of Washington during the Get- 
tysburg campaign from June to September, 1 863, acting 



assistant picket-officer of Washington during a portion of 
that time. He was ordered with his regiment West in 
the fall of 1863, to report to General Sherman at East- 
port, Mississippi; was assigned to the Third Brigade, 
Third Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, under command 
of General A. J. Smith. Served in this command in 
Kentucky and Tennessee to January, [864, then joined 
General Sherman at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was with 
him on his raid from Vicksburg to Meridian in February, 
[864; was in General A.J. Smith's command in the Red 
River campaign ; was appointed acting ordnance officer 
of the brigade, and later of the division, and continued in 
A. J. Smith's and Joseph A. Mower's command in their 
campaigns in Arkansas after Marmaduke, and in Tennes- 
see and Mississippi after Forrest, and in Missouri after 
Price; was promoted captain in May, 1X1)4. 1 he last 
campaign extended from the Mississippi River to the 
little Rig Blue River near Kansas, where Price's forces 
were run down, forced to fight, capitulate, or scatter. 

During the march back to the Mississippi, with orders 
to join General Thomas at Nashville, Tennessee, a cold 
snap setting in, with snow ami slush on the ground, with 
worn-out shoes, he tooJ< cold ami gave out while in com- 
mand of his company when about half-way back ; was sent 
to Jefferson Barracks Hospital, and on the 16th of De- 
cember, 1 864, was honorably discharged from the service 
on account of disability for further service, contracted in 
the line of duty. After remaining in the hospital for some 
time he reached home in March, 1865, a wreck of his for- 
mer self, and in the minds of his friends and neighbors had 
come home to die. With a mother's nursing and a little- 
care, he, however, had sufficiently recovered by January 
1, 1 866, to return to his old vocation of custom-house- 
clerk for his old firm, where he remained until January 1, 
1868, when he started the custom-house brokerage busi- 
ness with Mr. [ulius binge, of New York, under the firm- 
name of binge & Curie, at 44 Exchange Place, New York. 

Mr. Curie removed from Paterson to Brooklyn, and was 
admitted to the bar of New York State in 1882. Mr. Curie, 
as an importer's clerk and as a broker representing a num- 
ber of large importing houses, had received an extensive 
experience in custom-house matters ; he had become espe- 
cially convinced that the government in its dealings w ith its 
citizens was the cause of some trouble. I le therefore sys- 
tematically compiled all the decisions of the I*. S. Supreme- 
Court on customs duties, etc., from the beginning of the 
government, anil when the Act of 1 883 w as passed, the first 
general tariff act since the passage of the Revised Stat- 
utes in 1874, Mr. Curie's readiness in deciding questions 
under it soon brought him all the practice he could attend 
to in a short time. P"or some time Mr. Curie practised 
alone, but is now a member of the firm of Curie, Smith & 
Mackie, at Nos. 44-48 Exchange Place, New York, who 
has the largest practice in their specialty in the city. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



99 



BREVET CAPTAIN GEORGE HENRY PETTIS, U.S.V. 

Brevet Captain George Henry Pettis was bom at 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island, March 17, 1834; his family 
removed to the village of Cohoes, New York, in 1837. 
He attended the public schools in that village until he 
was twelve years of age, when he entered the office of the 
Cataract, the first newspaper published in that village ; in 
1849 removed to Providence, Rhode Island, where he 
followed the occupation of printer until 1854, when he 
went to California, arriving at San Francisco on June 17 
of that year, on the steamer " Brother Jonathan," via 
Nicaragua; he was engaged at mining in the vicinity of 
Garrote, Tuolumne County, from June, 1854, until May, 
1858, when he arrived at San Francisco en route to Frazer 
River. The Frazer River bubble having collapsed, he re- 
sumed his occupation as a printer, and was employed on 
the Alta California and Morning C all, and held a situa- 
tion on the Herald when President Lincoln made a call 
upon California for troops. He entered the military ser- 
vice of the United States August 16, 1861, as second 
lieutenant Company B, First California Infantry, Colonel 
James H. Carleton ; promoted to first lieutenant Companj 
K, same regiment, January 1, 1862, commanding the 
company nearly all of the time, until mustered out on 
February 15, 1865, when he was immediately mustered 
into the service again as first lieutenant Company F, first 
New Mexico Infantry, Colonel Francisco Paula Abreu. 
He commanded Company F until promoted to adjutant 
of the regiment June 1, 1865, and was finally mustered 
out, his "services being no longer required," September 
1, 1866, at Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Captain Asa B. 
Cary, Thirteenth United States Infantry, A. C. M., hav- 
ing served continuously five years and fifteen days. 
Was in a number of skirmishes with Apache and Na- 
vajo Indians ; brevetted captain United States volun- 
teers March 13, 1865, "for distinguished gallantry in the 
engagement at the Adobe Walls, Texas, with the Co- 
manche and Kiowa Indians," November 25, 1864, in 
which he commanded a section of mountain howitzers 
mounted on prairie carriages. This expedition was under 
the command of Colonel Kit Carson, First New Mexico 
Cavalry. This engagement took place on the north bank 
of the Canadian River, in the " pan-handle" of Texas, near 
the boundary-line of the Indian Territory, and lasted 
from break of clay until night. The forces of Carson 
consisted of about one hundred and fifty California and 
New Mexican cavalry, with the two gun-detachments of 
twenty-six men, while the enemy numbered over five 
thousand of the best Comanche and Kiowa warriors. 
Colonel Carson reiterated until the da)- of his death that 
" il it hadn't bin for them ' spiritual case' of Pettis's not a 
man of the expedition would have escaped from the val- 
ley of the Canadian River on that day." Upon being 
mustered out of service he located with his family at Los 




Algodones, county of San Ana, forty-five miles south of 
Santa Fe, where he established the " Railroad House, 
No. 444 Broadway," and performed the duties of U. S. 
Enrage Agent, and a post-office being established at this 
village, he was appointed postmaster in 1867. 

In 186S he removed from New Mexico to Providence, 
Rhode Island ; was a member of the Common Council 
from the Ninth Ward from June, 1872, to January, 1876, 
and a member of the Rhode Island House of Represen- 
tatives in 1876 and 1 877 ; was boarding-officer of the port 
of Providence from 1878 to 1885; was marine editor of 
the Providence Journal Trom 1885 to 1887; is now sealer 
of weights and measures and superintendent of street- 
signs and numbers at Providence, Rhode Island. 

Became a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public by joining Kit Carson Post, No. 1, Department of 
New Mexico, in 1S68, and joined Slocum Post, No. 10, 
Department of Rhode Island, by transfer, in 1872, of 
which post he held the offices of adjutant and chaplain ; 
was a charter member of Arnold Post, No. 4, Department 
of Rhode Island, in 1 877, of which post he has held 
the positions of officer of the day and senior vice-com- 
mander; was chief mustcring-officer, Department of 
Rhode Island, in 1877 and 1879, and assistant mustering 
officer in 1890; was a member of the National Council 
of Administration, and a delegate to the Twentieth Na 
tioiial Encampment, held at San Francisco in 1886. 

Became a member of the Military Order of the Loyal 
I ,e [ion of the United States, Commandery of California, 
November 10, 1886. Insignia No. 5065. 

He is secretary of the California Veteran Volunteer 
Association, and secretary of the United States Veteran 
Association, of Providence, Rhode Island; a member of 
the Society of California Volunteers of San Francisco, 
California, and various ther societii 



tOO 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (volunteer) 




CAPTAIN JOHN TAYLOR. U.S.V. 

Captain [ohn Tai lor, Quartermaster-General G. A. R. 
(Receiver of Taxes of Philadelphia), was born in Phila- 
delphia April 5, 1840, and at the age of thirteen years en- 
tered the service of a commercial house as errand-bi >y. In 
[861 he was among the first to enroll his name with the 
"Scotch Rifles," a new military company that had been 
organized in his neighborhood. The company was not 
mustered into service until the following month, when 
it became Company E, Second Regiment Pennsylvania 
Reserve Volunteer Corps, John Taylor's name being 
borne on the rolls as private. 

June 12 he was promoted sergeant, and July 4 was 
made orderly sergeant. During the same month the 

S ut\, with the other regiments of the Pennsylvania 

Reserve Division, was hurried to the front, and from that 
time until April, [865, John Taylor was identified with 
every movement and every action of the Pennsylvania 
Reserves. 

I [e was with his company as sergeant at the battle of 
Dranesville, December 20, [861, the first victory of the 
Army of the Potomac, and at Mechanicsville, Gaines' 
Mills, Savage Station, Frazier's Farm, White Oak Swamp, 
Glendale, Charles City Cross-Roads, Malvern Hill. Ma- 
nassas, Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, and Freder- 
icksburg, and in the famous mud-march in January, 186}. 
lie was at Gettysburg July 2 and 3 as a lieutenant, lead- 
ing his nun across the " Valley of Death" .it the foot of 
Round Top, and had command of the advance skirmish- 
line that harassed the army of Lee as it retreated. 

We find John Taylor an aid on the staff of the com- 
mander of the First Brigade Pennsylvania Reserves 
through all the campaigns preceding the battle of the 
Wilderness, and his gallant bearing drew from Major- 
1 11 neral George G. Meade, commanding the Army of the 



Potomac, one of the most complimentary letters ever 
written by a commanding officer. 

At the Wilderness General McCandless and John 
Taylor rode side by side, leading the brigade in a charge 
into and through a corps of the enemy. The charge 
was a forlorn hope ; it relieved and extricated Wadsworth 
and his division, but left John Taylor a prisoner, and the 
privations, vicissitudes, and sufferings of his ten months 
of captivity would fill a volume. Three times he escaped 
and just as often was recaptured, suffering the meanwhile 
hunger, fatigue, nakedness, and the diseases incident 
thereto. At Charleston he was one of those who, with 
General Truman Seymour, were removed to a place of 
confinement within the line and reach of the Union guns 
at Charleston harbor. 

In March, 1865, Lieutenant Taylor heard the glad 
tidings of exchange, and at Wilmington, North Carolina, 
he was again under the shadow of the old flag. With 
the offer in his hands of a command in the Hancock Vet- 
eran Legion he succumbed to typhoid fever, and his con- 
valescence was met with the glorious news of victory for 
the Union. 

His recover}- brought him a position in the quarter- 
master's department U. S. A., stationed at Fort Monroe, 
where he remained until I 870, when he returned to Phila- 
delphia and engaged in the insurance business, in which 
his qualifications have made him eminently successful. 

He is a member of Captain Philip R. Schuyler Post 51, 
Department of Pennsylvania, G. A. R. ; was appointed 
its Adjutant, and the year following was elected its Com- 
mander and re-elected on the expiration of his term. 
Captain John Taylor served for three terms as Assistant 
Quartermaster-General of the Department of Pennsylva- 
nia, ami was then elected Department Commander. In 
1S81 he was appointed Quartermaster-General G. A. R. 
by Commander-in-Chief Vandervoort, and the eleven suc- 
ceeding Commanders-in-Chief have each in turn reap- 
pointed him to this position of trust in the G. A. R. 

He is a member of the Loyal Legion, Past Colonel of 
the Union Veteran Legion, president of the War Vet- 
erans' Club, a trustee of the National Memorial Asso- 
ciation of the Union Prisoners of War, Past Master 
of Lodge No. 9, A. Y. M. ; member of the Corinthian 
Chapter, R. A. M. ; of Philadelphia Commander)-, 
Knights Templar; of Lu Lu Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine, and of the Consistory. 

'if Scotch-Irish parentage, both countries claim him, 
and he is a member of both the St. Andrew's and Hiber- 
nian Societies, as well as of the Scotch-Irish Society. 

( 'aptain Taylor was elected Receiver of Taxes of Phila- 
delphia February, 1890, for three years by a majority of 
nearly forty thousand, and on assuming the responsi- 
bilities of the office immediately made himself familiar 
with all its details. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



101 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE JERRISON STAN- 
NARD, U.S.V. (deceased). 

Brevet Major-General George Jerrison Stannard, 
than whom Vermont had no better soldier or more gal- 
lant fighter, was the first citizen of his State to volunteer 
as a .soldier in the war of the Rebellion, having tendered 
his services to Governor Fairbanks April 15, [861. lie 
was mustered into the service of the United State, .it 
Burlington, June 21, 1861, as lieutenant-colonel of the 
Second Vermont Infantry ; commissioned colonel of the 
Ninth Vermont Infantry May 21, 1862 ; appointed briga- 
dier-general U. S. Volunteers March u, 1863; commis- 
sioned brevet major-general U. S. Volunteers, to date 
from October 28, 1864, for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices in the attack upon the enemy's works at Fort Har- 
rison, Virginia, September 29 and 30, 1804. He resigned 
from the United States service June 2^, 1866. 

1 le took part in the following battles : Bull Run, York- 
town, Golding's Farm, Lee's Mills, Williamsburg, Win- 
chester, Harper's Ferry, Gettysburg, Drewry's Bluff, 
Petersburg, Chapin's Farm, Bermuda Hundred, (old 
Harbor, the Mine, and Fort Harrison. 

As lieutenant-colonel of the Second Vermont, General 
Stannard served in the Peninsular campaign until ordered 
to Vermont to organize the Ninth Regiment. He com- 
manded this regiment as colonel at Winchester and Har- 
per's Ferry, Virginia, where his troops, with others under 
the command of Colonel Miles of the U. S. Army, were 
basely surrendered. Upon being paroled, Colonel Stan- 
nard took his command to Chicago, 111., anil was placed 
in charge of several regiments at Camp Tyler, and later 
at Camp Douglas. He was promoted to the rank of 
brigadier-general for bravery and distinguished valor at 
Harper's Ferry, and assigned to the command of the 
Second Vermont Brigade, then on duty near Fairfax 
Court-House, Virginia. 

In the Gettysburg campaign General Stannard's bri- 
gade (composed of the Twelfth, Thirteenth, Fourteenth, 
Fifteenth, and Sixteenth Vermont Volunteers) was the 
Third Brigade, Third Division, First Army Corps. < )n the 
afternoon of July 3, 1863, General Stannard distinguished 
himself and his brigade by the attack upon Pickett's 
flank, which is considered by many historians to have de- 
cided the fate of the grand Confederate assault of the 
third day at Gettysburg, and changed a doubtful struggle 
into victory, at the time he was severely wounded. Upon 
the muster-out of his brigade, he was ordered to com- 
mand of defences in New York harbor, which duty he 
performed until assigned to a brigade in the Tenth Corps 
in the spring of 1864. Later he was transferred to the 
command of the First Brigade, Second Division, Eigh- 
teenth Army Corps, General " Baldy" Smith commanding, 
and was present with it at Cold Harbor, where he was 
wounded. On the 14th of June he led the advance of 




the Eighteenth Army Corps on Petersburg, with his bri- 
gade. He was ordered to the command of the First 
Division, Eighteenth Corps, while in front of Petersburg, 
a part of his line being within one hundred yards of the 
enemy's fortifications. Here he was again wounded and 
compelled to leave the field, to which he returned in time 
to lead the advance of the Tenth and Eighteenth Corps 
to the north of the James River on the 29th of Septem- 
ber, 1864, which resulted in the storming of Fort Har- 
rison. The next day General Lee in person assaulted 
Port Harrison with Hoke's and Field's divisions, Long- 
street's corps, but was unable to dislodge Stannard's 
division. Near the close of the engagement General 
Stannard received a bullet which shattered his right arm, 
necessitating amputation near the shoulder. He was 
again sent home, and upon recovery was placetl in com- 
mand of the northern frontier, with head-quarters at St. 
Albans. 

He continued on duty in the Department of the 
East until February, 1866, when he was assigned to ser- 
vice in the Freedmen's Bureau at Baltimore, Maryland, 
June 27, 1866. 

General Stannard died at Washington, D. C, June 
1, 1886, and is buried in Lake View Cemetery at Bur- 
lington, where the State of Vermont and his comrades- 
in-arms have erected a monument to his memory, sur- 
mounted by a bronze statue of him, the work of Karl 
Gerhart, sculptor. 

A heroic bronze statue of General Stannard also sur- 
mounts the tall State monument at Gettysburg, which 
faces the field upon which he ami his brigade performed 
such gallant service. 

Gallant, truthful, unselfish, patriotic, his fame is cher- 
ished as a priceless inheritance by his comrades and 
fellow-citizens. 



IC-2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 



J#** 



f, 



I 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ALEXANDER GILCHRIST 
PATTON, U.S.V. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Gilchrist Patton 
was born at Indian Stream, New Hampshire, on March 
8, 1836, and is the son of William and Mary (Johnson) 
Patton. His mother's family were prominent participants 
in the Revolutionary War, espousing the side of Eng- 
land. His father was horn at Dumfries, Scotland, and 
came to this country in 1813, locating in Vermont, where 
he married, and shortly after moved to New Hampshire. 
I le took an active part in the Patriot War of 1837, and his 
family, who lived near the border-line, were driven from 
their home as refugees, fleeing to Lockport, New York, 
where he found them after his discharge from the service. 

When but seven years old Colonel Patton was sent to 
work in the printing-office of The Lockport Courier, and 
worked there a number ol years. 

At the age of seventeen he went to Troy, New York, and 
entered the carriage establishment of Down & Horton as 
apprentice to the trade of carriage-trimming. He con 
tinned in the employ of this company until 1858, moving 
from there to Schenectady, New York, where he engaged 
in the carriage business for himself, and remained there 
until the breaking out ol" the late war. 

Colonel Patton enlisted .is .1 private in Company C, 
Second New York, or Black-Horse Cavalry ; mustered in 
August, 1861, and promoted to sergeant; promoted to 
second lieutenant September, [861 ; first lieutenant Oc- 
tober 2, [861, anil was on duty with his regiment at 
Arlington, Virginia, until December, [861, when his regi- 
ment was assigned to Cavalry Brigade, McDowell's 
division. Army of the Potomac, in defence of Washing- 
ton until March 31, [862, at which time he was mustered 
out of service with his regiment. 

In May, 1862, the first New York Mounted Pities 



was increased from a battalion of four companies to a 
regiment c if twelve companies, c if 1 me of which Patton was 
made captain. They were mustered July 16, 1862. He- 
was promoted major August 13, 1S62, and lieutenant- 
colonel April 29, 1863, serving with his regiment in the 
Department of Virginia, and was engaged in the following 
battles and skirmishes : 

Zuni, Virginia, September 15, October 25, Novem- 
ber 14; Blackwater, September 28-October 24; Black- 
water Bridge, November 8; Joiner's Ford, Novem- 
ber 12; South Quay, December 7; near Blackwater, 
December I [-13 ; Carnsville Road, December 22 ; Wind- 
sor. December 22; Edenton Road, February 7-April 
15, 1863; Chuckatuck, March 7; Windsor, March 9; 
Blackwater Bridge, March 31 ; siege of Suffolk, April 
1 1 -May 3; near Suffolk, May 16; wounded twice at 
Scott's Mills, near Smithfield, May 17; with Corcoran's 
command on the raid into North Carolina via Winton and 
fackson, North Carolina, July 25-August 2; Edenton, 
August 15; New Kent Court-House, August 25; Bot- 
tom's Bridge, August 27-29; Baltimore Cross-Roads, 
August 27 ; Charles City Court-House, December 9; 
Cavalry Brigade, Second Division, Eighteenth Corps, 
January, 1864; Bottom's Bridge, February 6-9 ; Carroll- 
ton's Store, March 13; Drewry's Bluff, May 12-16; Clove 
Hill Junction, May 14; Bottom Church, May 17; Cold 
Harbor, May 31-June 1:; West Point, June 5; Deep 
Bottom, June 2^-2j; Surrey Court-House, July 11 ; 
Fort Powhatan, September 16; Third Brigade, Kautz's 
cavalry, Department of Virginia and North Carolina; 
Jones's Creek, December 21 ; siege of Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, January. February, March, 1865 ; White House, 
March [9, 1865 ; raid into North Carolina to cut railroad 
communications between Generals Lee and Johnston, 
April, [865; at Fredericksburg till Jul}', and at various 
times was in command of the Second Brigade, Kautz's 
cavalry division. Mustered out July 10, 1X65. 

Immediately after the close of the war Colonel Patton 
became interested in the manufacture of hollow-ware at 
I Voy, New York. He continued in this business at Troy 
until 1S74, when he moved to Columbus and started the 
Patton Manufacturing Company, and in 1886 he formed a 
branch concern at [effersonville, Indiana, under the same 
name, lie is the proprietor of both institutions, which 
are the largest manufacturers of hollow-ware in the world. 

Colonel Patton was chairman of and had charge ol the 
National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public held at Columbus, Ohio, in iSSS. lie is a mem- 
ber of the Loyal Legion of the United States and Wells 
Post, No. 431, Department of Ohio, Grand Army of the 
Republic. 

I lew, is married in October, [855, to Mary E. Way. 
Mrs. Patton died December 4. 1886. They had two chil- 
dren, Ida Patton Tracy ami Allan V. R. Patton. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



103 



BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ALBERT AUGUSTUS 
POPE, U.S.V. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Cod >xel Albert Augustus Pope, 
the founder of the bicycle industries in the United States, 
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, May JO, [843. I It- 
traces his genealogy through many well-known New 
England families of Pope, Pierce, Cole, Stubbs, Neale, 
and others. His father, Charles Pope, was an active and 
stirring business man, and his mother, a daughter of Cap- 
tain James Bogman, of Boston, was a lad) - of rare dis- 
cernment and quiet decision of character, who taught her 
son the habits of economy, order, and method, to the 
exercise of which he attributes much of his success in 
life. When young Pope was only nine years of age, his 
father met with business reverses, which placed the family 
in decidedly straightened circumstances. Albert began at 
once his life of work and business activity by riding a 
horse to plough for a neighboring farmer in Brookline, 
which was his home at that time. Three years later he 
commenced buying fruit and vegetables of the farmers 
and selling them to the neighbors, and in one season this 
business yielded him a profit of one hundred dollars. 
I luring this time he received a fair public-school educa- 
tion, which was all the training he ever had from schools, 
though by careful reading and persistent application he 
has obtained an exceptional fund of general knowledge. 
At the age of fifteen he left the High School and secured 
employment in the Ouincy Market, and later on took a 
position with a firm dealing in shoe-findings, receiving 
only four dollars a week, two of which he paid for board 
and saved money out of the balance. 

When the war broke out he began the stud}- of mili- 
tary tactics, joining the Salignac Zouaves and the Home 
Guards of Brookline, of which company he soon became 
captain. So intense was his interest that he kept a musket 
in the store and with it drilled his fellow-clerks and the 
"bosses" whenever business would permit. At nineteen 
years of age he joined the volunteer forces of the Union 
army, and went to the front as second lieutenant of the 
Thirty-fifth Massachusetts Infantry, August 22, [862. 
His promotion to first lieutenant, March 23, 1863, and to 
captain, April I, 1864, are evidences of his ability and 
valor. He was employed upon important detached ser- 
vices, and acted as commander of his regiment on many 
occasions when the colonel was absent or disabled. He- 
organized within twenty-four hours a provisional regiment 
of artillery from the Convalescent Camp at Alexandria, 
and with this force he advanced to the defence of Wash- 
ington, assuming command of Fort Slocum and Fort 
Stevens, with forty-seven pieces of artillery. This was a 
move which called for great ability in managing men, and 
it was accomplished with such skill that Captain Pope- 
was highly complimented by his superior officers. He- 
served in the principal Virginia campaigns ; was with 




Burnside in Tennessee, with Grant at Vicksburg, anil with 
Sherman at Jackson, Mississippi. Me commanded Fort 
Hell before Petersburg, and in the last attack led his regi- 
ment into the city, — at the age of twenty-one years. He 
was brevetted major "for gallant conduct at the battle 
of Fredericksburg, Virginia," and lieutenant-colonel "for 
gallant conduct in the battles of Knoxville, Poplar Springs 
Church, and front of Petersburg," March 13, 1865. Soon 
after the war Colonel Pope went into business for himself 
in slipper decorations and shoe-manufacturers' supplies. 
In 1 877 he became enthusiastic over the bicycle, and, with 
his rare foresight, determined to go into their manufacture. 
This was ilone under the name of the Pope Manufacturing 
Company, a corporation for which he furnished the capi- 
tal, and of which he became, and has ever since continued, 
the president and active manager. Through the influence 
and encouragement of the Pope Manufacturing Company 
home talent also was brought to bear on the question, 
resulting in the production of Mr. Pratt's book, "The 
Bicycler," and the founding of the illustrated magazine, 
The Wheelman, which cost upwards of sixty thousand 
dollars. The educating process was followed by the 
opening of the highways and parks for the use of wheel- 
men, the company expending thousands of dollars in set- 
tling the Central Park case in New York, the South 
Park matter in Chicago, and the Fairmount Park contest 
in Philadelphia. Colonel Pope is a director in many 
banking and business corporations and the pioneer in the 
movement for good roads. 

His latest move for a comprehensive road exhibit at 
the Columbian Exposition has aroused the press and the 
public in general to the importance of the road question. 

He married September 20, 1871, Abbie, daughter of 
George and Matilda (Smallwood) Under, of Newton, 
Massachusetts, and they have four si ins and i me daughter. 



104 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA VY (volunteer) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL THOMAS H. RUGER, U.S.A. 

Brigadier-General Thomas II. Ruger was born in 
New York, and graduated from the U. S. Military Acad- 
emy July i, 1854, when lie was appointed brevet second 
lieutenant Corps of Engineers. He served at New Or- 
leans, Louisiana, in 1854— 55, and resigned from the service 
April 1, 1855. 

In civil life he was counsellor-at-law at [anesville, Wis- 
consin, fn mi 1856 to [861, when he again-entered the ser- 
vice as lieutenant-colonel of the Third Wisconsin Volun- 
teers, serving in command of his regiment in operations 
in Maryland and the Shenandoah Valley from Jul}-, [861, 
to August, [862, in the mean time having been promoted 
colonel of his regiment, to date from August jo, i 861. 

Colonel Ruger was engaged in the movement to Har- 
risonburg, Virginia, February, [862; combat of Win- 
chester, May 25, 1862; retreat to Williamsport, Mary- 
land, May, [862, and advance to Little Washington, 
Virginia, July, [862 ; in the Northern Virginia campaign, 
being engaged in the battle of Cedar Mountain, August 
9, 1862 ; in the Maryland campaign (Army of the Poto- 
mac), being engaged in the battle of Antietam, and sub- 
quent march to Falmouth, Virginia. 

He was appointed brigadier-general U. S. Volunteers 
November 29, [862, and commanded a brigade in the 
Twelfth Corp,, Army of the Potomac, in the Rappahan- 
nock campaign, being engaged in the battle of Chancel- 
lorsville, May 2-4, [863; in the Pennsylvania campaign, 
being engaged in the battle of Gettysburg (where he i om 
minded a division), July [-3, [863, and subsequent march 
to Warrenton, Virginia. He participated in suppressing 
the draft-riots in New York City, August to September, 
[863, and when that trouble ceased was on duty in Ten- 
nessee, October, [863, to April, [864. lie was then ,1 
signed to the command of a brigade of the Twentieth 
Corps in the invasion of Georgia, being engaged in the 



battles of Resaca, May 15, 1S64, and New Hope Church, 
May 25, 1S64; action of Kulp House, June 22, 1864; 
combat of Peach-Tree Creek, July 20, 1864, and in nu- 
merous skirmishes on the march from May to July, 1864 ; 
siege of Atlanta, July 22 to September 2, [864, and oc- 
cupation of Atlanta, September 2 to November 8, 1864. 
He commanded a division of the Twenty-third Corps in 
the Tennessee campaign against the rebel army of Gen- 
eral Hood, November 15 to December 8, 1 864, being en- 
gaged in operations about Columbia and battle of Frank- 
lin, Tennessee, November 30, 1 864. 

lie then organized the First Division of the Twenty- 
third Corps, and was in command of his division in the 
operations in North Carolina, being engaged in the move- 
ment up the Neuse River, February to March, 1865; 
action at Wier's Fork, near Kinston, March 10, 1865 ; sur- 
render of the insurgent army under General J. E. John- 
ston at Darien Station. April 26, [865, and in command 
of the Department and District of North Carolina, June 
27, 1865, to September I, [866, when he was mustered 
out ot the volunteer service, having been reappointed in 
the I'. S. Army, with the rank of colonel of the Thirty- 
third Infantry, July 28, 1S66. 

General Ruger was brevettcd major-general U.S. Vol- 
unteers November 30, [864, for gallant and meritorious 
services at the battle of Franklin, and brevet brigadier- 
general U.S. Army, March 2, 1867, for gallant and meri- 
torious services at the battle of Gettysburg. While in 
command of his regiment at Atlanta, he was made pro- 
visional governor of the State of Georgia from January 
[3 to July 4, [868, and was in command of the District 
of Alabama to February 1, [869. He was transferred 
to the Eighteenth Infantry March 15, 1869. 

General Ruger commanded the Department of the 
South from March 5 to May 31, [869, and, after serv- 
ing with his regiment until September 1, 1871, was de- 
tailed as superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy, 
where he rem, lined until September I, 1876; he was then 
placed in command of the Department of the South to 
July 1, 1878. He commanded Port Assinaboine, to- 
gether with the District of Montana, to October 1, 1879, 
and then commanded the District of Montana to May 



I.S.X: 



lie commanded his regiment and th 



e po 



;t of 



Port Leavenworth, Kansas, and the Infantry and Cavalry 
School of Application from June 29, l S S 3 , to April 8, 
[886, when he was appointed brigadier-general U S, 
Army March [9, 1SS6, and assigned to the command 
of the Department of the Missouri, remaining to May 4, 
[886, and then transferred to the Department of Dakota, 
which command he retained until April. 1 89 1 , when he was 
transferred to the command of the Military Division of 
the Pacific. The military divisions being discontinued in 
July, [891, General Ruger was assigned to the command 
of the Department of California, which he now retains. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



ios 



CAPTAIN CHARLES S. BENTLEY, U.S.V. 

Captain Charles S. Bentley was born in Schoharie, 
New York, but removed to La Crosse, Wisconsin, from 
which State, upon the second call for troops by President 
Lincoln, he entered the military service of the United 
States as private of Company 1>, Second Wisconsin 
Volunteer Cavalry, October 10, [861. He was soon 
afterwards promoted sergeant, then first lieutenant, and 
declining the captaincy of Company G, he accepted that 
of Company 1), fuly 4, [864. 

Captain Bentley served as aid to General E. B. Brown 
at the second battle of Springfield, Missouri, assisted in 
carrying that officer from the field when wounded, and 
was complimented by being recommended to General 
Rosecrans for promotion, "for bravery on the battle-field." 
At the battles of Prairie Grove, Arkansas ; Newtonia, 
Missouri, and in the raid on Van Buren, Arkansas, he 
served as acting assistant adjutant-general, resuming his 
line command during the summer campaign following. 

At Vicksburg, in 1864, Captain Bentley was appointed 
and served as acting assistant inspector-general of the 
cavalry brigade. He shared the dangers of the ship- 
wrecks of the steamers "John J. Roe," at New Madrid, 
and " White Cloud," run down by the flag-boat "Adams," 
near Natchez. He was mustered out in February, 1865, 
having served in Missouri, Arkansas, Indian Territory, 
Louisiana, and Mississippi. 

Since the war closed, Captain Bentley served over seven 
years in the Iowa National Guard, four of which was as 
brigadier-general commanding a brigade, in the discharge 
of which duties, as is personally known to the editor of 
this work, he exercised an untiring zeal, and displayed all 
the intelligence of an educated soldier. Generous and 
hospitable almost to a fault, at all of his encampments he 
not only won the esteem of all who came in contact with 
him, but by his unflagging interest in his command, look- 
ing out constantly for the comfort of his officers and men, 
he was looked up to as a soldier only knows how to 
revere the chief in whom he has confidence. 

On the occasion of the great Inter-State Encampment 
in Mobile, Alabama (Camp Drum), in 1885, Mr. T. C. 
De Leon, author of " The Soldiers' Souvenir," says : 

" The success of Camp Drum, universally conceded the 
greatest National Guard military encampment ever known, 




was due to that gallant soldier, true gentleman, and tried 
friend, to whom this book is dedicated, General C. S. 
Bentley, then commanding the famous ' Northwestern 
Brigade' (Second Iowa National Guard), now the valued 
citizen of Chicago. To him was early tendered the com- 
mand by its board of managers and the governor of 
Alabama, and the modest) ol his letter of acceptance was 
only equalled by the energetic and tireless intelligence 
which went out generously to make the basis of success. 
General Bentley, with a good war-record, indorsed by an 
equal record in peace, was mustered out of the United 
States volunteer service at Memphis, in February, 1805. 
The veteran did one yen's service as captain of cavalry, 
two years as colonel of the Fourth Regiment Iowa 
National Guard, and over four years in command of the 
Second Iowa Brigade. 

" General Bentley has also organized two eminent]} 
successful encampments, — in August, 1862, and June, 
1 884. I le has, besides, commanded Inter-State camps in 
distant States, — at Nashville, Tennessee, in May, 1883 ; 
at Mobile, Alabama, in 1885 ; and he has since declined 
similar compliments from Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, 
and Texas." 

Captain Bentley removed from Dubuque, Iowa, to 
Chicago several years ago, and is now engaged in busi- 
ness in that citv. 



14 



io6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {.volunteer) 




BREVET COLONEL ROBERT STODDART ROBERT- 
SON, u.s.v. 

Breve'j Colonel Robert Stoddart Robertson, only 
sun of Nicholas and Martha Hume (Stoddart) Robertson, 
was burn at North Argyle, Washington Count}-, New 
York, April 16, [839. His education was in the common 

schools and at Argyle Academy, and in 1859 ne entered 
the law -office of Hon. James Gibson, at Salem. Later he 
studied with Hon. Charles Crary in New York City, 
where he was admitted to the bar in Nov., [860. In the 
winter following he located at Whitehall, but early in the 
fall of [861 he turned his law -office into a recruiting sta- 
tion, and issued a call for the organization of a company 
which he expected to command. The recruits as fast 
as enlisted were placed in barracks at Albany, where, 
in the winter of [861—62, an order was received to con- 
solidate all parts of companies into regiments and for- 
ward them at once to Washington. Under this order 
his men were assigned to Company I, Ninety-third Regi- 
ment New York Infantry, hut refused to go unless Rob- 
ertson would accompany them. Rather than desert the 
men he had enlisted, he at once mustered into the ser- 
vice as a private, but was made orderly sergeant of his 
company, and in that capacity accompanied his regiment 
to the front. At Washington the regiment was assigned 
to Palmer's brigade, Casey's division of Keyes's army 
corps, and early in April was ordered to the Peninsula, 
and participated in the siege of Yorktown, where on the 
14th ol April, [862, he was promoted to the second lieu- 
tenancy of his company and as such participated in the 
battle of Williamsburg. While on the march towards 
Richmond, tour companies of the regiment were detai hed 
as guard to General McClellan's head-quarters, and the 
other six, including Robertson's, were sent to White 1 louse 
Landing to guard the depot of .supplies established there. 



When the line of the Chickahominy was abandoned these 
six companies constituted the only force to defend the 
vast accumulation of army stores gathered at this point. 
They were hastily put in battle-line. Part of the men 
occupied the skirmish-line, while the remainder destroyed 
the immense supply depot and its contents, and then em- 
barked and steamed down the Pamunkey as the rebel 
forces occupied their camp. At Harrison's Landing the 
whole regiment was united at McClellan's head-quarters. 
February :?, [863, Lieutenant Robertson was promoted 
to a first lieutenancy, and during the Gettysburg cam- 
paign and until December was acting adjutant of the 
reeiment. At this time he was tendered and accepted 
the position of aide-de-camp on the staff of General 
Nelson A. Miles, then commanding the fighting First 
Brigade, hirst Division, Second Army Corps. While 
on this duty he was twice wounded, once in the charge 
.it Spottsylvania, May [2, [864, when a musket-ball was 
flattened on his knee, and again May 30, at Tolopotomy 
Creek, when he was shot from his horse in a charge, a 
Minie ball passing through his abdomen from the front 
of the right hip to the back of the left, at which time he 
was reported among the mortally wounded. With a strong 
constitution he recovered sufficiently to go to the front 
before Petersburg, but his wound broke out afresh and 
he was discharged September 3, [864, " for disability from 
wounds received in action.'' He was the recipient of two 
brevet commissions, one from the President conferring the 
rank of captain, and another from the governor of New 
York, conferring the rank of colonel "for gallant and 
meritorious services in the battles of Spottsylvania ami 
Tolopotomy Creek." 

He was in eleven general engagements and numerous 
skirmishes, and was never off duty until he received his 
second w ound. 

During the two years following the war he was engaged 
in the practice of law at Washington, D. C, and was mar- 
ried July [9, 1865, at Whitehall, X. Y., to Elizabeth H. 
Miller. They have five children: Nicholas, Louise, 
Robert, Mabel, and Annie, lie removed to Fort Wayne, 
Ind., in [866, where he has since been engaged in the 
I active practice of his profession. 

He was two years city attorney, and five register in 
bankruptcy. In 1876 was unanimously nominated for 
lieutenant-governor by the Republicans, but was not 
elected. In 1886 he was at the head of the Republican 
ticket for the same office, and was elected. The turbu- 
lent action by which he was forcibly ejected from, and 
barred out of, the Senate Chamber attracted universal 
attention. 

Early in 1889 he was tendered ami declined a territorial 
judgeship, and soon afterwards President Harrison ap- 
pointed him a member of the Utah Commission, upon 
which he has since served, 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



107 



CAPTAIN GEORGE WALTER KELLEY, U.S.V. 

Captain George Walter Kelley, the subject of this 
sketch, is a fine type of those enthusiastic buys who, 
prompted by love of country, sprang at once to its de- 
fence when in peril. Mr. Kelley comes of good Scotch- 
English ancestry, identified with the earliest Puritan set- 
tlements of New' England. His people took honorable 
part in the Revolution and in the War of 1812. 

Mr. Kelley is the youngest son of Captain Walter 
Kelley and Eliza Simmons, and was born in New York 
City on January 22, 1843, but removed to Philadelphia 
in infancy. 

As a boy he was shy and retiring, but gave early evi- 
dence of the spirit and love of adventure, which took 
form in many pedestrian trips taken when from fourteen 
to seventeen years of age only, some of them extending 
many hundred miles, and in all but one of which he 
travelled entirely alone. 

The news of the firing on Sumter found him conva- 
lescing from a severe attack of typhoid fever, and just 
able to walk. The next morning, Monday, he volun- 
teered in the First Regiment National Guards, under the 
first call for troops; was mustered out in August, 1861. 

Mr. Kelley seems to have attracted the favorable notice 
of his commanding officers, for he was offered a commis- 
sion in the new three years' regiment of guards about to 
be formed ; also a commission in the Eire Zouaves by 
Colonel Baxter. 

Peeling from his youth and inexperience that these 
offers could not be due to any merit in himself, he de- 
clined both, and, relying entirely upon himself, went to 
the oil regions of Western Pennsylvania, where he had 
been the previous year on one of his pedestrian trips, and 
where he raised a company at his own expense ; was com- 
missioned its first lieutenant on Nov. 11, 1861, and was 
attached to the One Hundred and Third Penna. Vols. 

Attached to the Army of the Potomac, Mr. Kellcy's 
life was now that of the soldiers of that day, — a con- 
tinual round of exposure, suffering, and privation, with 
constantly recurring battles and heavy losses incident to 
the time. His naturally good constitution stood it well, 
and he has the proud satisfaction of never having been off 
duty during his entire service of nearly four years. 

With the Army of the Potomac, under McClellan, he 
took part at Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, and 
those of the Seven Days' fights from Savage Station to 
Malvern Hill. His company of ninety-eight men lost 
twenty-six by death as the direct ami indirect result of 
that campaign. From Suffolk, Va., he took part in four 
skirmishes on the Blackwater. Ordered to North Caro- 
lina, his brigade led the advance on Kinston, Whitehall, 
and Goldsborough. At Kinston, where his regiment again 
lost heavily, he received special mention. He was after 
wards engaged in several minor affairs in that State. 




At Plymouth, his regiment having re-enlisted as vet- 
erans, Mr. Kelley was sent North to prepare for its return 
on "veteran furlough," though placed ostensibly on re- 
cruiting service. Some days after, Generals Pickett and 
Hoke, en route to General Tee, after a stubborn three- 
clays' fight, aided by the ram "Albemarle," captured the 
post with its seventeen hundred men. Naturally cha- 
grined at this his first absence from his regiment in any 
of their engagements, Mr. Kelley asked to be relieved 
and ordered into the field, and two days later was on his 
way to the front where Grant's campaign was opening, 
and where he tendered his services to Major-General 
" Baldy" Smith, commanding the Eighteenth Corps 
(where were many of his old comrades), and was by him 
assigned to duty on his staff as acting assistant adjutant- 
general. In this capacity he served through the ensuing 
campaign, including Cold Harbor, Petersburg assaults, 
Batter)- Harrison, Chapin's Farm, second Fair Oaks, the 
Mine, and others, under the successive commands of 
Generals Smith, Ord, and Weitzel. 

On consolidation of the Eighteenth and Tenth Corps, 
Captain Kelley, who had received his promotion and 
whose term of sen ice was nearly expired, was ordered 
to North Carolina and placed in command of Fort 
Parke, Roanoke Island, and was honorably mustered out 
February 21, 1865. 

Captain Kelley soon commenced business in the oil 
country. His severe army exposures told on him and 
he became very ill. Returning to Philadelphia, he after- 
wards established a successful manufacturing business, 
but here again severe application and old army exposures 
combined forced him to seek a more genial clime and 01 
cupation. For the past twenty years he has been a suc- 
cessful anil prominent stock-broker in San Francii 
He now lives a quiet, domestic life with his family. 



io8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY volunteer* 




BREVET LIEUT. -COL. HARRISON GRAY OTIS. U.S.V. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Harrison Gray Otis 
is the son of Stephen and Sarah ( His, who were pioneer 
citizens of Ohio, and was born near Marietta, February 
10, 1837. In the year 1800 his father, at the age of 
sixteen, emigrated to the far West from Vermont, and 
settled in the " Ohio Company's Purchase" at Marietta, 
then just emerging from the condition of a frontier" block- 
house" post. His mother was a native of Nova Scotia, 
and emigrated with her parents from Boston earl}- in the 
century, settlingin the Muskingum Valley. His paternal 
grandfather was a patriot soldier in the Revolutionary 
War, and a pensioner. 

The <)tis stock has produced James Otis, famous as .1 
Revolutii mary patriot and 1 irator, and Harrison Gray ( Itis, 
once a senator of the United States from Massachusetts. 

The subject of this sketch received only a "log-school- 
house" education up to the age of fourteen, when he 
became a printer's apprentice. He worked at this trade 
in various places, and at the commencement of the war 
of the Rebellion was a compositor in the office of the 
Louisville Journal, under the noted editor, George 1). Pren- 
tice. While here he was elected a delegate from Ken- 
tuck)' to the Republican National Convention of i860, 
which nominated Abraham Lincoln for the Presidency. 

Soon after the outbreak of hostilities, young Otis re- 
turned to Ohio, enrolled himself for the war as a private 
in the Twelfth Regiment of Ohio Volunteers (Colonel lohn 
W. Lowe), at (amp Dennison, June 25, 1861. He was 
mustered June 29, 1861, and took the held with his regi- 
ment July 6, [861, under Brigadier-General |. 1). Cox. on 
the Western Virginia campaign. He was promoted to 
first sergeant March 1, [862 : to second lieutenant Novem- 
ber 12, 1862; to first lieutenant May 30, 1863, and to 
captain July 1. [864. lie was transferred on the latter 



date to the Twenty -third Ohio Veteran Volunteers (Colo- 
nel R. B. Hayes), and assigned to Company H. In 1865 
he was brevetted major and lieutenant-colonel, upon the 
unsolicited recommendation of his commanding officer, 
"for gallant and meritorious services during the war;" 
he having participated in 1861, 1802, 1863, 1864, and 1865 
in the campaigns, respectively, of the Kanawha Division, 
Eighth Army Corps ; the Army of West Virginia, Moun- 
tain Department ; the Ninth Corps, Arm}- of the Poto- 
mac, and the Army of the Shenandoah, and taken part in 
the following actions: Searcy Creek, Virginia, July 17, 
1861 ; Carnifex Ferry, September 10,1861; Bull Run 
bridge, August 27, [862 ; Frederick, September 12, 1862 ; 
South Mountain, September 14, 1862; Antietam, Septem- 
ber 17, 1862 (wounded); Blue Sulphur Springs, Septem- 
ber, 1863; Rover's Ferry, November, 1863; Meadow 
Bluff, December 14, 1863; Princeton, May, 1864; Cloyd's 
Mountain, May 9, 1864; New River Bridge, May 10, 1864; 
Quaker Church ( Lynchburg), June 17-18, 1864; Cabell- 
town, July 20, 1864; Kernstown, July 24, 1864 (severely 
wounded). He served in 1864-65 on several courts-mar- 
tial and military commissions. In the winter of 1864-65 
he was assigned, as senior captain present for duty, to 
the command of his regiment at Cumberland, Maryland. 
He was mustered out |uly 26, 1865, and honorably dis- 
charged at Cleveland, Ohio, August 1, 1865. Pensioned. 
Length of service, forty-nine months. 

In 1867 he was tendered the appointment of second 
lieutenant in the army, but never entered the regular 
service. In the same year he served as Official Reporter 
of the Ohio House of Representatives. He then located 
in Washington, where he acted successively as govern- 
ment official, as correspondent and editor. He removed 
with his family to California in 1876. He was tendered 
the Collectorship of the Port of San Diego in 187S, and 
the consulates at the Samoan Islands and Tien-Tsin, 
China. In none of these positions, however, did he serve. 
He served as chief government agent at the Seal Islands 
of Alaska from 1879 to 1882. 

Leaving this position, he purchased in 1882 an interest 
in the Los Angeles Daily Times and Weekly Mirror, and 
is now the editor of those papers and president of the 
Times-Mirror Company. Mrs. Otis, who is a leading 
member of the Times' staff, was Miss E^liza A. Wetherby. 
She married Mr. ( His at Lowell, Ohio, September 1 1 , I 859. 
They have three daughters living: Mrs. Lilian < His 
Mi Pherron, of Redlands; Miss Marian Otis, secretary of 
the Times-Mirror Company, and Mrs. Mabel Otis Booth, 
of Berkeley, Cal. In ten years the Times has grown 
from very small beginnings to be one of the important 
daily newspapers of the Southwest, leading in circula- 
tion and influence in Southern California, using fast 
perfecting-presses, and occupying a fine building of its 
own. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



109 



BREVET MAJOR JAMES LAWRENCE BOTSFORD, 
U.S.V. 

Brevet Major James Lawrence Botsford was born 
in Poland, Ohio, in 1834. He was mustered into the 
service of the United States as second lieutenant of Com- 
pany E in the famous Twenty-third Ohio Regiment Vol- 
unteer Infantry, which was organized at Camp Chase, 
Columbus, Ohio, and mustered into the United States 
service June 8, 1861 , being the first original three years' 
regiment to enlist from Ohio. 

His first service was in West Virginia, where he was 
detailed as acting aide-de-camp to Colonel Scammon, 
commanding First Brigade Kanawha Division, Army of 
West Virginia; was engaged in the battle of Carnifax 
Ferry, September 10. January 17, 1862, he was pro- 
moted to first lieutenant and assigned to Company C. 
The captain and second lieutenant being absent on re- 
cruiting service, the command of the company devolved 
upon Lieutenant Botsford, and by his thorough drilling 
and discipline was soon the first in the regiment, and, 
as such, was selected by Lieutenant-Colonel Rutherford 
B. Hayes to make a forced march and attempt to capture 
a guerilla band who were encamped on the southern 
slope of Great Flat Top Mountain, near Princeton. 

He left camp with Company C, numbering seventy 
men all told, the night of April 29, 1862. At seven 
o'clock the next morning he made the attack, driving 
them from their camp and capturing four prisoners with- 
out loss to his command. After an hour's rest the re- 
turn march commenced, but after marching some fifteen 
miles, the men declared they could march no farther, and 
the order to camp was reluctantly given, as Lieutenant 
Botsford knew that a regiment of Confederate troops 
was stationed at Princeton, only thirteen miles distant. 
At break of day, May 1, the company was on the road 
ready for marching, when one of the soldiers, looking 
up at the mountain-side, exclaimed, " Look there, lieu- 
tenant !" 

It did not take long to find that his company was sur- 
rounded, and almost immediately a demand was made 
for his surrender. There being a double log-house near, 
he gave orders for his men to take possession. The 
house was situated in a hollow known as "Clark's 1 bil- 
low," surrounded on all sides by mountains, which en- 
abled the enemy to fire from the mountain-sides through 
the roof of the house. After two hours of severe fight- 
ing the enemy withdrew, leaving a number killed. Their 
wounded were carried off, and, as was afterwards learned, 
about forty-five Confederates were seriously wounded. 
Lieutenant Botsford's command suffered severely, one 
being killed and twenty-two wounded, fixe of whom died 
within a day or two. 

August the 6th he was again detailed to serve w ith 
Colonel Scammon, commanding a brigade ; August 20, 




division was ordered to Washington, and part of it was 
engaged in the second battle of Bull Run ; was attached 
to the Ninth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac; Sep- 
tember 13, in the battle at Frederick, Md. ; September 
14, South Mountain; September [7, Antietam ; October 
2j , [862, was promoted by President Lincoln to captain 
and assistant adjutant-general in the United States Vol- 
unteers for gallantry .mil good conduct, lie served in 
West Virginia with General Scammon until January, 
1 864. 

Thence as assistant adjutant-general to General George 
Crook, and was at the battles of Cloyd Mountain, New 
River Bridge, Blacksburg, Covington, Panther's Gap, 
and Buffalo Gap; thence on General Hunter's raid to 
Lynchburg, thence with Hunter's command to Shenan- 
doah Valley. I le was engaged in the battles of Snicker's 
Ferry, Cabletown, Stevenson's Depot, Winchester, and 
Martinsburg ; thence to General Sheridan's department 
in the Shenandoah Valley. November, [864, he was 
stationed at Cumberland, Maryland, detailed as assistant 
inspector-general of the Department of West Virginia ; 
resigned February 25. He was commissioned brevet 
major March I }, 1865, for meritorious and distinguished 
conduct. He moved to Louisville, Kentucky, and was 
eii".i"ed in business there until [872, when he moved to 
Youngstown, Ohio, to engage in the manufacture of iron, 
and is now connected with the Mahoning Valley Iron 
Company, having been its treasurer since the formation 
of the company. 

< )n January 1 1, [892, he was appointed quartermaster- 
general of ( >hio by Governor William McKinley, Jr., he 
having served in the same regiment and in the same 
army with the governor during the war. He was mar- 
ried January 27. 1864, to Ellen Ewing Blaine, and has a 
son and daughter living. 



no 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL NATHAN GOFF, JR., 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Nathan Goff, Jr., son of 
Nathan and Nancy (Ingraham) Goff, was born in War- 
ren, Rhode Island, August 5. 1827. His father was horn 
in Warren in 1802; his mother was born in Glocester, 
Rhode Island, in 1 80 3. In 1 833 his parents removed 
from Warren to Bristol, Rhode Island, where their son 
Nathan received his education in the district school. At 
the age of seventeen he was apprenticed to the sail- 
making business with T. & B. T. Cranston, and two years 
later, on the retirement of both members of that firm, 
he, witli George E. Cranston, succeeded to the business. 
In 1850 he engaged as an engraver with Smith, Deey & 
Eddy in Warren, in the manufacture of jewelry. In 
[86l he was holding the position of brigadier-general 
in the Rhode Island militia, anil soon after the firing of 
the rebels on Fort Sumter he tendered his services to 
the governor of the State to serve in any position as- 
signed him for the maintenance of tlie Union. He im- 
mediately organized a company of volunteers in Bristol, 
which, with members from Warren, were called the 
Bristol Comity Company. As captain of this company, 
known as Company C, Second Regiment, Rhode Island 
Volunteers, he was mustered into the United States ser- 
vice June 6, [86l, for three years, and remained in the 
service for more than six years, lie shared in the first 
Bull Run battle, Jul_\- 21, [86 1, and, becoming attached 
to the Army of the Potomac, participated in all its 
memorable engagements. July 24, 1862, he was pro- 
moted to be major of his regiment, and December 12, 
iSdj, lieutenant-colonel, In December, 1863, by per 
mission from the War Department, he appeared before 
General Casey's Board of Examination in Washington, 
and passed as lieutenant colonel, " first class," He was 



immediately assigned to the Twenty-second Regiment 
U.S. Colored Troops, and ordered to Yorktown, Vir- 
ginia. Afterwards his command became a part of the 
Army of the James. 

In Februaiy, 1SG4, he received from the citizens of 
Warren a present of a sword, belt, sash, and other 
equipments. At the battle in front of Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, lime 15, 1 S64, he was severely wounded and 
taken to Chesapeake Hospital, Hampton, Virginia. In 
October, [864, by recommendation of his brigade and 
division commanders, he was promoted to the rank of 
colonel, and assigned to the command of the Thirty- 
seventh Regiment I'. S. Colored Troops. He joined his 
command November 10, 1864. Being detached from the 
Army of the fames, he joined the expedition of General 
B. F. Butler against Fort Fisher, North Carolina, and 
also participated in the second expedition, under General 
A. H. Terr_\-, and shared in the capture of the fort. He- 
shared in all the engagements of the army through 
North Carolina until the surrender of General Johnston's 
army to General W T. Sherman, at Raleigh, North 
Carolina. 

In May, 1 865, he was assigned to the command of 
the post of Wilmington, North Carolina, and remained 
on duty in that State, the troops of his command oc- 
cupying the forts on the coast of North and South 
Carolina, he being in temporary command of the Dis- 
trict of Wilmington and Department of North Carolina. 
In |une, [865, by recommendation of Major-General 
Charles J. Paine and Brigadier-General John W Ames, 
division and brigade commanders, he was promoted by 
the President to be brigadier-general of volunteers by 
brevet, "for long and faithful services and gallant con- 
duct in the field." He was detailed November 3, 1866, 
as president of a general court-martial at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, and, though his regiment was mus- 
tered out in February, 1867, he was retained in the ser- 
vice as president of general court-martial till June 13, 
1867, when he was honorably discharged, being among 
the last volunteer officers mustered out. Upon return- 
ing to Rhode Island he engaged in his former occupation 
at Providence. 

His talents, character, and public services won for him 
a very high rank among his fellow -citizens. He received. 
August IO, 1S7O, the appointment of deputy collector of 
customs at the pint of Providence, a position which he- 
held for more than twenty years. Politically he has been 
a Whig and a Republican. Religiously he is identified 
u it h the Baptist Church. 

He married, November, 1849, Sarah S. Surgens, of 
Warren, Rhode Island, anil has three- children, — Ella S., 
Walter I., and Mabel I). Mrs. Goff died October [3, 
1 8SS. He subsequently married Helen M. Surgens, of 
Boston, Massachusetts. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1 1 1 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL THOMAS KILBY SMITH, 
U.S.V. (deceased). 

Brevet Major-General Thomas Kilby Smith was 
born in Boston, Massachusetts, September 23, 1820. On 
his father's side he was descended from Dr. Christian ( iod- 
frey Schmidt, a German physician, who emigrated to 
Massachusetts before the French and Indian War, in which 
he took part; and on his mother's side from the family 
of Walter, long and honorably known in colonial New 
England. His parents moved to the West in his early 
youth, and settled at Cincinnati, Ohio, where he received 
a military and engineering education under Professor ( ). 
M. Mitchel, and subsequently was admitted to the bar 
from the office of the late Chief-Justice Chase. During 
the administration of President Pierce he held office in 
Washington and for a brief time as United States marshal 
for the Southern District of Ohio. Earl)' in the war he 
offered his services to the government and was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel of the Fifty-fourth Regiment Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry on September 9, [861. This regiment 
he recruited at Camp Dennison to nearly its full strength ; 
was mustered into United States service as colonel Octo- 
ber 31, 1861, and took the field February 19, 1862, his 
being one of the original regiments making up the com- 
mand of General Sherman. At Shiloh, where he suc- 
ceeded to command of his brigade on the wounding oi 
Colonel Stuart, his conspicuous gallantry was compli- 
mented by General Sherman in his official report, ami 
made such an impression on that great soldier's mind 
that he referred to it after General Smith's death, twenty- 
five years later. In a eulogy before the Ohio Society of 
New York, he said, speaking of this brigade, " The next 
morning the}- came back to me under a heavy fire. As 
General Smith rode at the head of his men. 1 thought I 
had never seen more handsome conduct under fire." His 
regiment was the advance guard in the occupation of 
Corinth ; he commanded his brigade on the wounding of 
General M. L. Smith at Chickasaw Bluffs, and led it again 
at Arkansas Post and in the various operations and bat- 
tles preliminary to the siege of Vicksburg, until after the 
bloody assaults of the 19th and 22d May, 1863. Pending 
his promotion, which was earnestly asked in a memorial 
signed by every officer under his command and officially 
urged by Generals Grant and Sherman, he served on the 
staff of the former and performed important service while 
bearing to General Banks intelligence from Vicksburg. 
He communicated news of the surrender of that city, 
whereupon Port Hudson capitulated. After some weeks 
of staff duty witli General Grant, he was finally accorded 
his hard-won rank of brigadier-general August 11, 1863. 




Being assigned to the division of General McPherson, he 
shared in its various campaigns until March 7, 1864, 
when, in command of a division of the Army of the 
Tennessee, he took part in the Red River expedition, 
where he protected the fleet of Admiral Porter in an 
arduous and severely-contested series of fights during 
his retreat to Alexandria, — a retreat made necessary by 
the disaster to Banks's army at Sabine Cross-Roads. The 
exposure of this campaign ruined his health. He was 
granted leave of absence until January, 1865, when he- 
was assigned to command of the military district of 
South Alabama, and later to the post and district of 
Mobile. 

His commission as brevet major-general was dated 
as of March 13, 1865, and he was honorably mustered 
out of the service January 15, 1866. Such is a brief 
resume of services which, told in detail, were most bril- 
liant and won the encomiums of all his commanding 
generals, and the confidence of his officers and men. 
After the war General Smith held no official position save 
that of consul .it Panama, for a time during the ad- 
ministration of President Johnson. His constitution was 
badly undermined by the diseases incurred during his 
campaigns, and most of the later years of his life were 
spent in domestic retirement at his residence, Jonesdale, 
Philadelphia. In 1887 he went to New York to aid in 
the management of a journal in that city, but his strength 
was not equal to the strain put upon it, and he died, after 
a brief illness, December 14 of that year. 

General Smith married in 1848 Elizabeth B. McCuI- 
lough, of an old Ohio family. She, with five sons and 
three daughters, survives him, 



I I 2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




COLONEL JOSEPH SUMNER ROGERS, U.S.Y. 

Colonel Joseph Sumner Rogers, superintendent of 
the Michigan Military Academy at < Irchard Lake, Oak- 
land County, was born at Orrington, Maine, on the 5th 
day of July, 1844- His father, Joseph Rogers, was a 
native of that State, and a lineal descendant of Thomas 
Rogers, who came over to America in the " Mayflower." 
Colonel Rogers attended the public schools in the neigh- 
borhood >>f his home until sixteen years of age, when in 
April, 1861, he enlisted as a private in the Second Regi- 
ment Maine Volunteers, and participated in the hist battle 
of Bull Run,, ill of the battles of the Peninsula campaign 
under General McClellan, and in the second battle of 
Hull Run. where he was severely wounded in the face. 

Mustered out June, [863, at the expiration of his term 
of service. Rendered service September, [864, as lieu- 
tenant Thirty-first Maine Volunteers. Promoted to cap- 
tain October, [864; major by brevet March, [865, for 
gallant and meritorious services during the war; served 
in the Army of the Potomac before Petersburg and at 
the surrender of Lee; mustered out July 15, [865. Ap- 
pointed second lieutenant I*. S. Army October 1, [867, 
and assigned to the First Infantry. 

While un duty at hurt Wayne in [872, Colonel Rogers 
was elei ted major of the Detroit Cadets, and commanded 
that corps until the fall of 1876. He visited, with his 
command, the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia, 
lie resigned from the army in [877, for the purpose of 
organizing the Michigan Military Academy at Orchard 
Lake, and since th.it time his work has been connected 
with that institution, a history of which shows the suc- 
cessful accomplishment on the pail of Colonel Rogers of 
an aim at once a credit to his efforts, perseverance, and 
industry, and an institution of which the State may well 
feel proud. 



" The Michigan Military Academy is by far the best 
school of the kind I have ever had the pleasure of in- 
specting, and I doubt very much whether there is another 
school in the country (outside of West Point) that can 
compare with it. 

" Colonel Rogers, the superintendent of the academy, 
is a thoroughly practical man, and deserves great credit 
for the success ami high standing to which he has brought 
his school in so short a time. 

" Very respectfully your obedient servant, 

(Signed) " E. M. Hhyl, 

" Colonel, Inspector-General, U.S.A." 

The academy was incorporated September 4, 1877, and 
in its organization Colonel Rogers was fortunate in re- 
i eiving advice from such a wise counsellor as General W. 
T. Sherman, who wrote him : 

" You may always quote me as favoring military edu- 
cation in connection with the civil instruction oi our 
country. 

" The nearer you can model your academy alter that 
of West Point the nearer you will be to the true standard ; 
but, of course, 1 know that an approximation is all that 
yi hi should attempt. 

" Wishing you all success, I am, truly your friend, 

" W. T. Sherman, 

" General." 

General Sherman continued a warm friend of the school 
until his death. General Schofield, now in command of 
the army, wrote : 

" I can only in the briefest manner express my hearty 
sympathy with the enterprise you have undertaken in the 
cause of education. The experience at West Point and 
Annapolis has demonstrated beyond question the value 
of systematic military discipline in the process of edu- 
cation, as well as in after-life. Success in all the affairs 
of life has ever depended upon system, which is a marked 
characteristic of the result of discipline, and the tendency 
in all tile successful affairs of life is toward such a system 
as military discipline inculcates." 

And the veteran General W. P. Harry wrote : 

" 1 think that you have undertaken a most important 
and responsible work. There is an argument for the 
maintenance of State Military Schools which seems to me 
to be of such importance as to demand the most mature 
consideratii m." 

The undertaking has been a success from tile start ; the 
attendance has steadily and constantly increased, the roll 
numbering one hundred and eighty-four names for the 
term of [888—89, alu ' 'he institution now stands at the 
head of military academies of its class in the United 
States. At the National Encampment, held in the city 
of Washington in May, i888,a company from this acad- 
emy had the distinction and honor of winning first prize, 
as being the best drilled company there. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1 1 



BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILLIAM BROOKE 
RAWLE. U.S.V. 

Brevet Lieutenant - Colonel William Brooke 
Rawlf. (Third Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry) was 
born in Philadelphia, Penna., August 29, 1S43, being the 
eldest son of Charles Wall. ice Brooke, deceased, by his 
wife Elizabeth Tilghman, daughter of the well-known 
lawyer, William Rawle (the younger), granddaughter of 
the celebrated jurist, Edward Tilghman, who is remem- 
bered as one of the " Leaders of the Old Bar of Philadel- 
phia," and great-granddaughter of Benjamin Chew, Chief- 
Justice of Pennsylvania before the Revolution. Mr. 
Brooke was a member of the Philadelphia Bar, who 
attained a high place thereat for his ability and brilliancy, 
but died in 1849, at tne early age of thirty-six years. 
His father, Robert Brooke, son of Captain John Brooke 
of the Revolutionary Army, was well known as a sur- 
veyor and civil engineer in Philadelphia, and his mother 
was a daughter of Colonel (afterwards General) Andrew 
Porter of the Revolutionary Army. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in the best 
schools of his native city, entered the University of 
Pennsylvania in the fall of 1859, and graduated there- 
from as Bachelor of Arts, July 3, 1863, having received 
during his senior year leave'of absence from the college 
authorities to enter the army, and taking his degree while 
actually engaged in the battle of Gettysburg. He re- 
ceived his degree as Master of Arts, July 3, 1866. He 
entered the army during the War of the Rebellion as 
second lieutenant in the Third Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Cavalry, and served continuously with the Army of the 
Potomac from early in 1863 until some time after the 
close of the war, attaining the lineal rank of captain, and 
being brevetted major and lieutenant-colonel for gallant 
and meritorious services at the battle of Hatcher's Run, 
and in the campaign terminating with Lee's surrender at 
Appomattox Court-House, respectively. 

Colonel Brooke Rawle, while attached to the Second 
Cavalry Division (General D. McM. Gregg), was en- 
gaged in the cavalry battle of Brandy Station, Va., June 
9, 1863; in the running fight from Aldie, through Mid- 
dleburg to Upperville, June 21, 1863; fighting from 
Goose Creek to Aldie, June 22, 1863 ; skirmish at West- 
minster, Md., June 30, 1863; battle of Gettysburg, Pa., 
July 2-3, 1863 ; skirmishes at Fountaindale, Md., July 6, 
and Old Antietam Forge, Md., July 10; and action at 
Shepherdstown, Va., July 16; while on a scout on Sep- 
tember 6, 1863, with seven men, was ambushed and sur- 
rounded on the Salem road near Warrenton by forty- 
eight men of Mountjoy's company of Mosby's battalion, 
cutting his way through with a loss of three men, and 
having his horse wounded in several places ; was en- 
gaged in the cavalry actions at Culpeper Court-House, 
September 13, 1863, and near the Occoquan River, Oc- 
l 5 




tober 15, 1863 ; and in the battle of New Hope Church 
and action at Parker's Store, Mine Run campaign, No- 
vember 27-29, 1863. During 1864-65, while attached 
to head-quarters of the Army of the Potomac and head- 
quarters of the Armies Operating against Richmond, 
he was present at the battles of the Wilderness and 
Spottsylvania Court-House; skirmish at Guinney's 
Bridge ; battles of North Anna, Totopotomoy, and Cold 
Harbor ; siege of Petersburg ; battles of Petersburg Mine, 
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, and Fort Stead- 
man ; entered Petersburg early in the morning of April 
}, 1865, as escort of Generals Grant and Meade, and was 
escort to General Meade at the surrender of General 
Lee, at Appomattox Court-House, April 9, 1865. 

Prior to discharge the Veteran Battalion of his regi- 
ment, to which he was attached, was consolidated with 
the Fifth Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, and he was 
mustered out of service therewith and honorably dis- 
charged at Richmond, Va., August 7, 1865. 

Upon his discharge from the army, declining a com- 
mission in the Seventh U. S. Cavalry, he began the study 
of law with his uncle, the late William Henry Rawle, 
and was admitted to practise at the Philadelphia Bar 
May 18, 1867, shortly before which, by legal authority, 
he assumed the name of William Brooke Rawle in lieu 
< .f William Rawle Brooke. He was associated in practice 
with Mr. Rawle until the death of the latter in 1889, when 
he succeeded him at the head of the law office which 
had been established in 1783 by his great-grandfather 
William Rawle (the elder), one of the greatest lawyers 
of his time. 

Colonel Brooke Rawle was one of the earliest mem- 
bers of the Pennsylvania Commandery of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, and one 
of the organizers of the Pennsylvania Society of Sons of 
the Revolution. 



ii 4 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




CAPTAIN JOHN R. WHITK, U.S.V. 

Captain John R. WmTEwas bornin Baltimore, Mary- 
land, December 17, 1835. His family removed to Phila- 
delphia when the subject of this sketch was about nine 
years of age. At the outbreak of the Civil War he en- 
listed as a private in the Second Company State Fencibles, 
recruited at 505 Chestnut Street. The company was 
assigned to the Eighteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Colonel Lewis. The enlistment was for three months. 
The regiment was stationed on Federal Hill, Baltimore, 
until the time had expired. At that time a call was made 
fur volunteers t<> escort some transports to Washington 
via Aquia Creek. Captain White, with about two hundred 
others, volunteered, and served one month longer. After 
being mustered out of service, and upon the call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for three hundred thousand more, lie enlisted 
in Company. ( ., ()ne Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment 
(Corn Exchange), as private. He was appointed first ser- 
geant, and marched with his regimentto the front. At the 
battle of Shepherdstow 11, a sequel ti > Antietam,all the com- 
pany officers present having been killed, he was appointed 
second lieutenant by special orders from Major-General 
Fitz John Porter, " for gallantry oh the field of battle." 



This appointment was speedily confirmed by Governor 
Curtin sending him his commission. He served with his 
regiment all through the war, participating in all the 
principal battles and skirmishes, including Fredericks- 
burg, Chanccllorsvillc, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, down 
to the surrender of Lee's arm)- at Appomattox, having 
been promoted to first lieutenant, and then to captain. 
He was mustered out of service upon the return of the 
regiment to Philadelphia at the close- of the war. 

Upon the close of the war Captain White engaged in 
mercantile business, organizing with Mr. John Boyd the 
firm of Boyd, White & Co., manufacturers, importers, and 
retailers of carpets, now, owing largely to the progressive 
spirit of Captain White, the leading house in this line of 
business, and known not only in our own country but 
through all the marts of trade in Europe. 

Captain White has one son who is a member of the 
Second Class Loyal Legion, and three others who would 
like to be. 

Captain White is well known, not only in mercantile 
circles, but also in banking, political, and social circles, 
being a director in the Ninth National Bank, the Central 
Trust and Safe Deposit Company, the Industrial Safe- 
Deposit Company; a member of the Committee of Fifty, 
organized to promote measures for the benefit of the 
city; a well-known member of the Union League, United 
Sen ice Club, Historical Society, and many other societies, 
social, secret, and beneficial. 

At the close of the war he married Katie Ashbridge, 
whose father, Captain Ashbridge, served in the War of 
1 Si J, and also in several of the conflicts with Indians. 
Her grandfather came to this country with William Penn, 
and was one of the earliest settlers of this State. Seven 
children make up their home circle, — four boys and three 
girls. The eldest, John R. White, Jr., has charge of the 
extensive retail business of the Boyd-White Carpet Com- 
pany, and, though but twenty-two years of age, ranks 
among the shrewdest and best-equipped men in the trade 
lor successful management and business ability. The 
other children give promise of making their mark in life 
when the time comes for them to start on their own 
\ 1 13 age. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



"5 



CAPTAIN JOHN E. NORCROSS, U.S.V. 

Captain John E. Norcross was born in England, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1842, and was brought to the United States while 
an infant. His childhood was principally passed in Phila- 
delphia, where he received the ordinary school education. 
He entered the Philadelphia High School in 1855, but did 
not complete the four years' course, leaving that institu- 
tion to become a clerk in a business house. Having 
acquired a knowledge of short-hand at the High School, 
he became in the early part of i860 a newspaper reporter 
on the Philadelphia Ledger. In the latter part of that 
year he was stationedin Washington, where he did service 
in the Senate gallery as an assistant in the Globe corps, 
and diil_\- recorded the farewells of the secession Senators. 
Immediately after the inauguration of Air. Lincoln he 
went to Harrisburg to assist in the reporting corps of the 
Pennsylvania Legislature, and was so engaged at the 
firing on Sumter. Subsequently, as a correspondent of 
the Philadelphia Press, he was stationed at Washington 
anil then at Fortress Monroe, where he saw and described 
for his newspaper the destruction of the " Cumberland," 
and the battle between the " Monitor" and " Merrimac." 
Then followed a tour of duty as army correspondent on 
the Peninsula, and other newspaper work, succeeded by a 
short term of service as private in Company K oi the 
Twentieth Regiment Pennsylvania Militia during the 
Antietam emergency. A hurried visit to Europe foll< >w ed 
for the purpose of settling an estate, and returning to the 
United States he was in time to serve with the Twentieth 
Regiment in the Gettysburg campaign. On the 30th of 
July, 1863, two days after his return from the latter ser- 
vice, he was conscripted, having been enrolled during his 
absence in Europe, and was assigned, by request, to the 
One Hundred and Eighteenth Pennsylvania, better known 
as the Corn Exchange Regiment, with which he served 
until the latter part of April, 1864, when he was appointed 
a second lieutenant in the Twenty-fifth Regiment United 
States Colored Troops, then part of the garrison at Fort 
Barrancas. 

After some months of duty with the regiment he was 
made ordnance officer at the Fort Pickens depot, and was 
subsequently appointed on the staff" of Major-General 
Canby, commanding the Military Division of the West 
Mississippi, and took part in the operations which ended 




in the capture of Mobile. For a time he was engaged in 
taking evidence before the Special Investigating Commis- 
sion, of which Major-General William F. Smith was presi- 
dent. By this time active hostilities had ceased, and on 
the JOth of June, 1865, he forwarded his resignation, which 
was accepted. Subsequently he received the brevet rank 
of captain, to date from June 20, 1865. He at once re- 
entered journalism, and was one of the editorial force of 
the Philadelphia Press, the newspaper for which he had 
been an army correspondent. 

In 1867 he went South, and took part in the recon- 
struction of Alabama. In March, 1869, he removed to 
New York, and. after some desultory writing for the 
Tribune, became a reporter for the Brooklyn Union, and 
afterward for the Brooklyn Eagle, resigning his place on 
the latter newspaper to become a stenographer in the 
reorganized City Court of Brooklyn, a position which he- 
has held for twenty years. He was admitted an attorney 
and counsellor in 1872, but by reason of his official position 
in the court is not engaged in the practice of the law. 
He married, December 6, 1866, Miss Sallie A. Cotton, of 
Philadelphia, and is the father of three daughters. He- 
was mustered into the Grand Army of the Republic in 
June, 1870, and admitted a Companion of the Militarj 
Order of the Loyal Legion in February, 1884. 



n6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




CAPTAIN WILLIAM A. GILL. U.S.V. 

Captain William A. Gile (Eighteenth New Hampshire 
Volunteer Infantry and One Hundred and Seventeenth 
United States Colored Troops) was born in Northfield, 
New Hampshire, fune 5, 1843, and when he entered the 
service the lines of the town of Franklin included that 
portion of the town of Northfield in which he was horn, 
the birthplace being on the cast shore of the Merrimac 
River, opposite to and near the early home of Daniel 
Webster. He was the smi of Alfred A. Gile, a native of 
\eu Hampshire, whose ancestors for three generations 
had li\ ed at and near this homestead, near the head of the 
Merrimac. His mother was a native of Pennsylvania, and 
was of German descent, the will of his grandfather on the 
maternal branch being written in the German language. 

File subject of this sketch was educated in the common 
schools of his native town, and in the Academy at Frank- 
lin and the Seminary at Tilton. He entered the service 
first in August, [862, as an enlisted man in the Sixteenth 
New Hampshire Volunteers, and was in the Banks cam- 
paign in Louisiana during the operations in the Tcchc 
country, and before Port Hudson, and through the several 
engagements at and before the capitulation of Port Hud- 
son in Jul}-, [863. In An-ust, [863, he was discharged, 
with his younger brother, Frank, who accompanied him, 
and shared his camp life ami army experience during the 
Ranks campaign. 

When discharged both were under twenty-one years of 
and, by the severe test of the malarial district in which 
they were encamped, much emaciated and broken in 
health. In September, [864, Captain Gile was appointed 
to th.it lank as captain of Company P., Eighteenth New 
Hampshire Volunteers, and went to the front at Cit\ 
Point, Virginia, where he was detailed as member of the 
general court-martial of the Army of the Potomac, of 



which General Charles II. T. Collis, of Pennsylvania, was 
president. 

Captain Gile's regiment was brigaded during that winter 
with the Engineer Corps of General Benham, at City 
Point, and during the fall and early winter of 1864 helped 
to construct a second line of earthworks around the base 
of supplies, and head-quarters of the Army of the Poto- 
mac and the Army of the James, situated at the junction 
of the |ames and Appomattox Rivers, City Point. 

Captain Gile was engaged upon court-martial from 
1 (ctober 1, 1864, until the last week in March, 1865, when, 
with his company, he was engaged in the defence of Fort 
Steadman, at the second assault upon that fort on the 27th 
of March, and in which the whole rebel army of Northern 
Virginia was concentrated and engaged. This engage- 
ment was the last attempt of the Confederate Army of 
Northern Virginia to break the lines of the Army of the 
Potomac through their fortifications, and the final chase 
for Appomattox began, and ended soon after. 

In August, 1865, having been discharged from service 
in the Eighteenth New Hampshire Volunteers, Captain 
Gile was mustered into the service again as first lieutenant 
and afterwards appointed captain, and went to Texas in 
the Army of Observation under General Sheridan, who 
commanded the Fifth Military District at that time. He- 
remained in the service while the French troops were in 
Mexico, and until the said troops left the soil of that repub- 
lic, and was discharged from the army in August, 1 867, as 
captain in the One Hundred and Seventeenth Lnited 
States C< 1I1 ired Troops. 

After his discharge he studied law for a year in the 
office of Honorable Austin F. Pike, of Franklin, New 
Hampshire, and thereafter for two years in Harvard Law- 
School,, it Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was admitted to 
the bar of Massachusetts in June, I S69. Pie practised law 
in Greenfield, Massachusetts, as partner with Honorable 
Whiting Griswold, of that town, for two years ; went to 
Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1871, and formed a law part- 
nership with Charles A. Merrill, Esquire, who had been a 
chum and friend at Harvard Law-School. In 1880 he 
dissolved copartnership with Mr. Men-ill, ami has since 
been engaged in the active practice of his profession alone, 
in Worcester, Massachusetts, where he stands at the head 
of his profession as a jury advocate and sound prac- 
titii mer. 

Captain Gile has represented the city of Worcester in 
the Legislature for two years, in 1886—88. He was a 
member of the Republican National Convention of 1888; 
is a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion 
of the Massachusetts Commandery, and of the Grand 
Army of the Republic; of the fraternal orders of ( )dd 
Fellows, of Freemasons, and of Knights of Pythias. In 
politics he is a stalwart Republican ; in theology he is a 
radical Unitarian. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



117 



DANIEL WEISIGER LINDSEY, U.S.V. 
Daniel Weisiger Lindsey was born at Frankfort, 
Franklin County, Kentucky, October 4, 1835, of Scotch- 
Irish descent from families on both sides that were 
early identified with the settlement and development of 
Kentucky. His education was obtained at the primary 
schools of Frankfort, supplemented by a careful course 
of instruction under Kentucky's famous teacher, B. B. 
Sayre, and at the Kentucky Military Institute, where lie 
graduated in 1854. .After engaging for a time in other 
pursuits he entered upon the stud}' of law in the office 
of his father, the Hon. Thomas X. Lindsey, in frank- 
fort, followed by a course of lectures at the Louis- 
ville Law-School, from which institution he was grad- 
uated in 1857. After travelling in the South during the 
winters of 1857-58 he began the practice of law in 
Frankfort in partnership with his father. At the com- 
mencement of the Civil War D. W. Lindsey was a cap- 
tain in the Kentucky State Guard, but ascertaining, during 
an encampment of the regiment to which he was attached 
in Alexander's Woods in May, 1 861, that the State Guard 
was not to be used in aid of the government, he promptly 
marched his company from the camp and to its armory 
in Frankfort, and resigned his commission. As soon as 
General Nelson opened " Camp Dick Robinson" Lindsey 
went there and assisted in organizing Federal troops from 
Kentucky. About September 1, 1 861, he was commis- 
sioned as chief of staff to General Thomas L. Crittenden, 
who, General S. B. Buckner having gone to the Southern 
Confederacy, had become the inspector-general of Ken- 
tucky. In October, 1861, Lindsey was commissioned by 
the Military Board of Kentucky to raise a regiment, 
which he at once proceeded to do, and soon recruited 
and organized the Twenty-second Kentucky Volunteer 
Infantry, which was mustered into the service December 
12, 1 86 1, with D. W. Lindsey as colonel ; G. \V. Monroe, 
lieutenant-colonel, and Wesley Cook, major. The regi- 
ment was immediately ordered to service in the field, and 
with his command Colonel Lindsey participated in the 
campaigns under General Garfield in the Big Sandy Val- 
ley, and under General G. W. Morgan in the capture of 
and around Cumberland Gap ; from there up the Kanawha ; 
from there to Memphis, Tennessee, where he was placed 
permanently in the command of a brigade, and with it 
participated in the campaigns and battles thereof under 
Generals Sherman, McClellan, and Grant against Ar- 
kansas Post, Vicksburg, and Jackson, Mississippi ; ami 
thence under General Ord, commanding the corps, the 
Thirteenth was transferred to the Gulf Department, 
where, his health having become impaired by continuous 
service in the field, and being required by medical advice 
to transfer to a more northern climate, he, on October 
14, 1863, resigned his command to accept the position 
of inspector-general of Kentucky, to which he was com- 




missioned October 31, [863. In the summer of 1S64 he 
was commissioned adjutant-general of Kentucky, and 
held the position until the fall of 1867. In January, 
1868, he resumed the practice of law in Frankfort, in 
which he has continued up to the present, being con- 
nected in the practice with his father until the death of 
the latter in November, 1877. 

He is closely identified with the business interests of his 
city ; has been since July, 1868, a director of the Branch 
Bank of Kentucky, and since July, 1884, its president. 
He was for man)' years a member of the City Council, 
is president of the Capital Gas and Flectric-Light Com- 
pany, president of the Frankfort Water Company, vice- 
president of the Kentucky Midland Railway Company, 
and a director in the Kentucky River Twine-Mills. 

He was married January, 1864, to Katherine Mcllvain 
Fitch. Three sons, Thorn, is Noble, Henry Fitch, and 
Daniel Weisiger, Jr., and one daughter, Katie Fitch, are 
living. 

The following letter speaks for itself: 

" Portland, Ohio, October i<>, 1862. 
"His Excellency, Governor James F. Robinson: 

" Governor, — It is alike due to Kentucky and to Colo- 
nel Daniel W. Lindsey, of the Twenty-second Kentucky, 
that he should be made brigadier-general. He is in every 
respect worthy of promotion, and I trust that this recom- 
mendation will meet your approval. Colonel Lindsey 
has been tested both in and out of action, and has proved 
himself to be a brave soldier as well as a skilful officer. 
Any aid that you may be able to give him in increasing 
the strength of the Twenty-second Kentucky will greatly 
oblige, 

"With highest respect your obedient servant, 
" George W. Morgan, Brig.-Gen'l Vol's!' 



n8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR ADAM CYRUS REINOEHL, U.S.V. 

Brevei Major Adam Cyrus Reinoehl was born in 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania, November 15, [840. In [856 
his parents settled in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Entering 
Franklin and Marshall College .it 1 ,ancaster, he graduated 
in [861, receiving the valedictory oration, — the highest 
honor of the class. On commencement day, on taking 
formal leave ol the Board of Trustees, he commented 
on the action of that body at their meeting held on the 
previous night, when they dismissed from the faculty Pro- 
1 ;or Koeppen, a learned, faithful, but somewhat eccen- 
tric gentleman, greatly beloved by the students. The 
president of the college anise and ordered him to stop, 
but, disregarding the interruption, the valedictorian con- 
tinued. The president called on the band to play, but the 
orator proceeded until his voice was lost in the music. 
'I'lie exercises were abruptly ended, ddie public insisted 
that the valedictory should be delivered, ami the owners 
of the hall refusing to hire it, in the evening Charles Eden 
tendered the balcony ol his ice-cream saloon, adjoining 
Fulton Hall, from which the oration was delivered in the 
presence of several thousand ladies and gentlemen, who 
crowded the streets in the vicinity. After teaching school 
for two months and twenty-three days in Ephrata Town 
ship, he enlisted in the Seventy-sixth Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, Keystone Zouaves. Entering the ser- 
vice as a private in Company I), he took part in all the 
campaigns and battles of the regiment. The Seventy- 
sixth was ordered to Port Royal, South Carolina, in the 
fall of 1 So 1 and was actively engaged 111 the sieges and 
engagements in tin Department of the South. In April, 
[862, the regiment was ordered to Tybee Island, and was 
present at the siege and capture of Fort Pulaski. Rei- 
noehl served as private oi Company 1) in the campaign 
against Charleston on James Island, June, [862, and in 



the battle of Pocotaligo, South Carolina, October 22, 1862. 
On the 10th of December, 1862, he was promoted to 
regimental quartermaster-sergeant, and January 24, 1863, 
he was promoted to sergeant-major. The Seventy-sixth 
was in Strong's brigade, which charged and captured the 
rebel batteries on Morris Island, South Carolina, July 10. 

On the morning of July 11, 1863, the Seventy-sixth 
Pennsylvania, with four companies of the Seventh Con- 
necticut and Ninth Maine, charged Fort Wagner, and 
were repulsed. The Seventy-sixth lost one hundred and 
eighty-seven killed, wounded, and missing. Sergeant- 
Major Reinoehl was shot through the left arm with a 
Minie-ball, and was permanently disabled. 

Returning to his regiment after a furlough, he remained 
in the service, and re-enlisted .April, 1864, for three years, 
and while on veteran furlough, having been recommended 
for promotion by Colonel Straw bridge, received from the 
hands of Governor A. G. Curtin, at Harrisburg, a com- 
mission as first lieutenant of Company B, April 27, 18114. 
He commanded the company during the campaign oi 
the Tenth Corps, in the Army of the James and Army of 
the 1'otomac, at Cold Harbor, at the explosion of the 
mine, and in the siege of Petersburg. ( )n the 4th of Au- 
gust, 1864, he was promoted to adjutant. ( )n the 27th of 
October, in a charge on the rebel works at Darby town 
Road. V.l, the outer defences of Richmond, he was se- 
verely wounded in the left thigh by a ball from a shrapnel 
shell, and was removed to his home at Lancaster. Dis- 
abled for months, he resigned, and was honorably dis- 
charged Feb. 6, [865. March 13, 1865, he was brevetted 
captain "for gallant and meritorious service in the assault 
on Fort Wagner, S. C," and was brevetted major "for 
gallant and meritorious service in the attack on the 
enemy's works on Darbytown Road, Va., Oct. 2j, 1864." 

In [866 he was admitted to the bar of Lancaster 
County. In [868 he was elected to the Pennsylvania 
Legislature, and subsequently re-elected in 1870 and 1871, 
serving three terms. In [872 he was appointed Deputy 
Secretary of the Commonwealth by Gov. John \Y. Geary, 
and was continued by Gov. John F. Haitranlt, until he re- 
signed, in 1873, to resume the practice of his profession. 
( )n retiring he was tendered letters highly complimentary 
of his services by Gov, Hartranft and Hon. M. S. Quay, 
Secretary of the Commonwealth. In [889 he was ap- 
pointed a member of the Soldiers' < )rphans' Commission 
of the State of Pennsylvania by the department com- 
mander of the Grand Army of the Republic. In [889 
Major Reinoehl was elected district attorney of the county 
of Lancaster, his term expiring Jan. 1. [893. He married 
Miss Lucy Davis, Now 24, 1870. They have four chil- 
dren, — Walter Allan, Mary Acheson, Gertrude Laughlin, 
and Albert Riegel. I le is an active member of the Grand 
Arm)' of the Republic, and of the Pennsylvania Com- 
mandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL FRANCIS E. PINTO. 
U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Francis E. Pinto. — The 
oldest brick house in New Haven, Connecticut, at this 
date is the old Pinto house, which was erected in the year 
1745 of brick imported from England. In that house 
was born William Pinto, of Spanish descent, who was the 
father of Francis E. Pinto. At the time of the invasion 
by the British during the Revolution he was one of the 
students of Yale who armed themselves in defence of the 
town, and did other military service during the war. 

Francis Effington Pinto was born in New Haven June 
30, 1823, and at a proper age he attended the Lancas- 
terian school. In 1835 he was placed as a boy in a dry- 
goods house in the city of New York. At the outbreak 
of the Mexican War, in 1 846, he was commissioned sec- 
ond lieutenant in the First New York Volunteers. He 
was at the landing and siege of Vera Cruz, the storming 
of Cerro Gordo, the taking of Pueblo, the battle of Con- 
treras, the storming of Chapultepec, ami the capture of 
the City of Mexico. He claims to have placed the first 
scaling-ladder against the wall of Chapultepec. and as- 
sisted the color-sergeant of the regiment up and over the 
wall, being the first colors in the enemy's works. He 
was promoted first lieutenant September 14, the date of 
the capture of the city, and brevetted captain the same 
date. I le was junior member of the first Court of Com- 
missions assembled in the palace of the city. At the 
close of the war he was mustered out of the service at 
Fort Hamilton, New York, July, 1848. On Christmas 
Day, 1848, Captain Pinto took passage, on the steamer 
" George Law" for the Isthmus, en route to California, and 
arrived at San Francisco February 28, 1849. In the 
spring of 1856 the celebrated Vigilance Committee of San 
Francisco was formed. He took an active part, and was 
soon made second in command of the military department 
of the committee. In July, 1856, he returned to New 
York, having closed up his business relations and joined 
his wife, she having preceded him the year previous. 

At the outbreak of the war of the Rebellion he joined 
Colonel Baker and Roderick Mattheson. Baker having 
an order from President Lincoln to create and equip a 
California regiment, dissensions soon arose, and Roderick 
Mattheson, of California, proposed to withdraw from 
Baker and toss up with Pinto for the command ; Matthe- 
son won. The regiment was organized as the Thirty- 
second Regiment, New York. It was mustered into the 
United States service in May, 1 86 1, and went to Wash- 
ington in June. It was engaged in the first battle of 
Bull Run, and was the last troops to retire from that field, 
not leaving Centreville Heights till near midnight, and 
went into camp at Fairfax Court-House and remained till 
the morning of the next day, when it hauled a four-horse 
ambulance, which had been abandoned, from Centreville 



no 




to Alexandria. General franklin said the ambulance 
should always belong to the regiment. 

At West Point, Virginia, the regiment was severely 
engaged by the retreating enemy from Yorktown, Vir- 
ginia. The regiment was engaged at Gaines's Mills, 
White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, and the second Bull 
Run. While at Harrison's Landing, on the James River, 
Pinto was ordered to take command of the Thirty-first 
New York. He commanded that regiment at the storm- 
ing of Crampton's Pass, South Mountain, Man-land. 
Colonel Mattheson having been killed at Crampton's 
Pass, Colonel Pinto was ordered back to his own regi- 
ment, the Thirty-second New York, and commissioned 
colonel. He took his regiment into action at Antietam 
on the 17th of September, 1862. While in front that 
day he received a flag of truce from the enemy (signed 
by Colonel Colquitt) requesting the body of a Georgia 
colonel. He found the body, and, by General Franklin's 
permission, passed it through the lines. This flag caused 
much comment by the press, charging McClellan with 
receiving a flag instead of driving the enemy into the 
Potomac. The regiment was engaged at Fredericksburg, 
December, 1862, and made the advance at the lower 
crossing of the Rappahannock, and also at the second 
crossing of the Sixth Corps, under Sedgwick, at night, 
and taking the enemy's rifle-pits by surprise. It also 
participated in the storming of Fredericksburg Heights, 
and in the battle of Salem Heights the next day. The 
regiment returned to New York and was mustered out 
of service June 8, 1863, the time of service having ex- 
pired. 

Colonel Pinto was brevetted brigadier-general of vol- 
unteers. Soon afterwards he engaged in the warehouse 
business at the Atlantic Docks, Brooklyn, Long Island, 
and has continued in that to the present time under the 
firm-name of F. E. Pinto & Son. 



\20 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (.volunteer) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL GILBERT C. KNIEFIN. U.S.V. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Gilbert C. Kniffin (Staff, Army 
of tlic Cumberland) was born in Le Roy, New York, Oc- 
tober 10, 1 83 1. His father, Rev. William C. Kniffin, and 
his mother, Catherine Ward Kniffm, were both children 
of Revolutionary soldiers, and the subject of this sketch 
became early imbued with patriotic affection for his coun- 
try and zeal for the honor of its flag. 

The outbreak of the Rebellion found him in Kentucky, 
where his father had been the honored pastor of an in- 
fluential Presbyterian church in the heart of the Blue 
Grass region. Although bound by the strongest social 
ties to the pro-slavery element of the community in which 
he lived, he did not hesitate to raise the standard of the 
Union and call for volunteers for the United States 
Army. 

I le took an active part in the distribution of arms sup- 
plied by the general government among the loyal men of 
Kentucky, and commenced recruiting for the brigade 
which was being organized by Brigadier-General William 
Nelson, United States Volunteers, at Camp Dick Robin- 
son, Kentucky, in the summer of 1861. Recognizing the 
energy displayed in this hazardous duty, General Nelson, 
on the arrival of Captain Kniffin in camp with sixty re- 
cruits for the Fourth Kentucky Infantry, called him to 
head-quarters to assist in organizing the command. 1 [ere 
he acted as aide-de-camp, filling every staff office until 
the arrival of Brigadier-General George H. Thomas, 
United States Volunteers, who obtained for him the com- 
mission of captain and commissary of subsistence. 

lie was appointed lieutenant-colonel in January, [863, 
as chief commissary of subsistence of the Twenty-first 
Army Corps, under command of Major-General Thomas 
L. Crittenden, and at the reorganization of the army in 
October, 1863, he was appointed by General Rosecrans 



assistant chief commissar}' of subsistence of the Army of 
the Cumberland. General George H. Thomas wrote of 
him thus : " To the vigilance and executive ability dis- 
played by Colonel G. C. Kniffin is partially due the fact 
that the army was enabled to maintain possession ol 
Chattanooga during the trying period that intervened 
between the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary 
Ridge." Colonel Kniffin's term of service extended 
during the entire war, participating as a staff officer in 
every engagement in which the Army of the Cumberland 
was engaged, from Mill Springs in January, 1862, to 
Nashville in December, 1864. 

In a recent letter written to Hon. Redfield Proctor, 
Secretary of War, General Rosecrans refers to his old stall" 
officer as follows : " A young Kentuckian, of Northern 
birth, when the war-clouds began to gather over the hills 
and valleys of Kentucky, in April, 1861, G. C. Kniffin was 
one of the Union men of Paris, Kentucky, who was warned 
by posters to leave the place, but who, instead of heeding 
the warning, went to a public meeting called to raise men 
to help the South, asked, obtained, and used permission 
to address the meeting ; called for volunteers, got a great 
main from the assembled crowd, armed and conducted 
them to 'Camp Dick Robinson.' When General Nelson 
was ordered to organize Union troops there, Kniffin was 
appointed acting adjutant-general and quartermaster and 
commissaiy, and when General George H. Thomas suc- 
ceeded Nelson he retained Kniffin, and had him made 
captain commissar}' of subsistence, in the discharge of 
the duties of which he distinguished himself. In the 
battle of Pittsburg Landing, siege of Corinth, marches 
through Northern Alabama, Middle Tennessee, Ken- 
tuck} - , in the battle of Perryville, the marches back to 
Middle Tennessee, and the battle of Stone River, he was 
distinguished for sound judgment, courage and efficiency. 
After Stone River he was made lieutenant-colonel and 
chief commissar}- of the Twenty-first Corps. After the 
campaigns of Tullahoma and Chattanooga he served as 
chief commissar}- of the Army of the Cumberland until 
relieved by Colonel Porter, U. S. A. His entire war record 
was distinguished for ability, integrity, courage, and effi- 
ciency." 

For several years Colonel Kniffin was Washington cor- 
respondent of the Louisville (Kentucky) Commercial, and 
in [880 lie was honored by the Union men of Kentucky 
designating him to write Kentucky's part in the war for 
the Union, which he has epitomized in a very accurate 
and able manner by the publication of a volume giving 
the history of Kentucky. 

To Colonel Kniffin's enviable record of patriotic and 
military service, his large experience, his knowledge of 
men and events in the war, are added literary taste and 
practice, laborious habits, good broad sense, and sound 
judgment. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



121 



CAPTAIN JOSEPH ALBERT SUDBOROUGH, U.S.V. 

Captain Joskiti Albert Sudborough, eldest son of 
Samuel Sudborough, an Englishman, was born in Hills- 
dale, Michigan, September 9, 1843, raised and educated 
in Adrian, Lenawee County, and was learning a trade at 
the breaking out of the Rebellion. 

During the summer of i860, Captain Ellsworth, with 
his famous " Chicago Zouaves," gave one of his exhi- 
bition drills in Adrian, which so aroused the " military 
spirit" of the young men that they organized a militia 
company called the " Hardee Cadets," and in the follow- 
ing autumn adopted resolutions tendering their services in 
the event of war ; forwarded official copies to President 
Buchanan and the governor of Michigan ; the latter re- 
sponded, promising his acceptance, and this company was 
among the first ordered out in response to President Lin- 
coln's call for three-months' troops. 

The subject of our sketch was one of the "original" 
members of the " Hardee Cadets," and as first corporal 
of the company was with his regiment, the First Michi- 
gan Infantry, early en route to Washington, where it was 
brigaded with Colonel Ellsworth's " Fire Zouaves," and 
was among the first troops to enter Alexandria, partici- 
pating in the following campaign and battle of Bull Run, 
after which returning to Michigan, its term of service 
having expired. 

In the following spring, [862, he again entered the 
service as first sergeant Company A, Seventeenth Michi- 
gan Infantry, which, upon arrival at Washington, was 
assigned to the Ninth Corps, with which it remained 
until the close of the war ; in its first and many subse- 
quent engagements distinguished itself, and was officially 
known as the " Stonewall Regiment." 

The service of Captain Sudborough is identical with 
that of the regiments to which he belonged, participating 
in all their campaigns and battles except during a portion 
of the Maryland campaign of 1862. He was in the bat- 
tle of Fredericksburg, and received his commission as 
second lieutenant soon thereafter. His regiment with his 
corps was sent to Kentucky in the spring of 1863, thence 
to Mississippi, participating in the siege of Vicksburg, 
the pursuit of General Johnston, and battle of Jackson, 
Mississippi, following ; returned to Kentucky, and then 
took part in General Burnside's East Tennessee campaign, 
including the actions at Blue Springs, October 10; Lou- 
don, November 14; Lenoir Station, November 15 ; and the 
battle of Campbell's Station, November [6; also the 
of Knoxville, during which his regiment, in the night, 
charged the Confederate lines, fired and destroyed a brick 
house occupied by sharp-shooters, and returned to the 
trenches before the enemy full)- realized the situation ; 
was in the works when General Longstreet made his as- 
sault on Fort Saunders, November 29; the engagements 
at Thurley's Ford, December 15, 1863; and Strawberry 
16 







Plains, January 22, 1864. His corps then returned to 
the Army of the Potomac, and he participated in the 
battles of the Wilderness; Ny River, May 9, when his 
regiment drove a rebel brigade off the field ; in the battle 
of Spottsylvania, May 12, the "Stonewall Regiment" 
was surrounded and badly cut to pieces; only forty-five 
men and four officers escaped, Captain Sudborough 
among the latter. He was in the battles of North 
Anna, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, battles and siege 
of Petersburg, including, the Crater, Weldon Railroad, 
Reams' Station, Poplar Spring Church, Pegram Farm, 
Boydtown Road, Hatcher's Run, anil Fort Steadman, 
where he was slightly and the only time wounded ; the 
capture of Petersburg, April 3, 1 865, when his brigade 
was among the first troops to enter the city; his corps 
then occupied the line of General Grant's communica- 
tions until General Lee's surrender ; with his regiment 
participated in the final "grand review" at Washington, 
and was honorably mustered out soon thereafter. 

He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1863, and cap- 
tain while before Petersburg; served as adjutant of his 
regiment, was briefly in command of same, and performed 
staff duties tor his division commander. 

After the war, removed to Missouri and engaged in the 
mercantile business ; married, in 1866, Miss Sarah Olive 
Blymyer, by whom two children were born,— Mrs. ( 
nelia B. Andrews (d 1), and Charles Blymyer 

(living). 

He is a companion in the Missouri Commander)' of 
the Loyal Legion, U.S.A.; comrade of Ransom Post, 
No. 131, Department of Missouri, (hand Army of the 
Republic; was aide-de-camp on the staff of the co 
mander-in-chief in 1 889-90 ; participated in the " grand 
parade" at Washington, D.C., September 20, [892; and 
resides in St. Louis, Missouri. 



122 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




CAPTAIN DANIEL ELDREDGE, U.S.V. 

Captain Daniel Eldredge was burn in Chatham, 
Massachusetts, July 7, 184I. 1 lis widowed mother (his 
father having been lost at sea a few months prior to 
Daniel's birth) removed to Dedham, Massachusetts, dur- 
ing Daniel's infancy, and his boyhood days were passed 
in that historic town. He attended the grammar school 
there, his teacher being for a part of the time the late 
Charles A. Richardson of The Congregationalist, Boston. 

The Civil War found him, almost by accident, in the 
State of New Hampshire, and he enlisted there, at Leba 
non, under X. II. Randlett, August 2, [861, and became 
attached to the Third Regiment. He was assigned to 
Company K, almost wholly from the city of Dover, and 
officered throughout by men of that city. He followed 
the fortunes ol his regiment from Concord to Long 
Island, New York; to Washington, D. C. ; to Annapolis, 
Maryland, where his regiment embarked forthe great naval 
expedition to Port Royal, South Carolina; thence to Port 
Royal, where the regiment did duty on the various islands 
till April, (864; thence to Jacksonville and Palatka, 
Florida. He was in action at the taking of the lower end 
of Monis Island, July 10, [863, and in the memorable 
charge on Fort (Battery) Wagner, July 18, 1863. In the 
latter action he was hit in the foot by a grape-shot, though 
not seriously wounded Soon after the charge he was 
sent North for conscripts, and remained detached at 
Concord, New Hampshire, till January, i864,when he 
tied hi regimenton Morris Island. During his stay 
at Concord he was taken sick with malarial fever, and 
was quartered at a friend's house mar the camp. ( >n ar- 
riving in Virginia from the Department of the South, he 
participated in all the actions of his regiment up to the 
of his wound. These included Drewry's Bluff, Ma) 
13-16, 1864; May 1. <, ,,. 25, and on the [6th 



of August, 1864, in action, was severely wounded in the 
left forearm, fracturing both bones. He was sent to the 
Chesapeake (Officers') Hospital, near Fprtress Monroe. 
After a few weeks he was, at his own request, ordered to 
Annapolis, Maryland, for light duty ; but on arrival there- 
was deemed a lit subject for hospital treatment, and was 
ordered at once to the Officers' Hospital, Academy Build- 
ings. After a short stay he obtained a sick leave. In 
December, 1S64, he was assigned to duty at the Draft 
Rendezvous, Concord, N. H., although his arm was still 
in a sling and the wound suppurating. There he served in 
si \ <ral important positions, chief of which was commis- 
sary of recruits. He took charge of the rolls of recruits 
as they arrived, and had charge of their shipment to the 
front. His office had the appearance of a " rogues' gal- 
lery," the walls being covered with ambrotypes of the 
recruits, numbered, registered, etc. At Concord he served 
successively under Majors Whittlesey and Caldwell, both 
of the regular army. In May, 1 865, he was transferred 
to the Veteran Reserve Corps, and ordered to his com- 
pany (Company A, Third Regiment Y. R. C), then lo- 
cated at New Haven, Conn. He served there, the chief 
duties being the reception and care of returning regiments. 
I .ater he served at I lartfi >rd, Ci mnecticut, principally upi >n 
.1 general court-martial. From there he was sent home to 
await orders. I le was discharged June 30, 1866, because 
his services were no longer required, having served con- 
tinuously from August 2, 1861, — nearly five years. He 
rose successively from private to captain, being commis- 
sioned as second lieutenant in January, 1 864, as first lieu- 
tenant in Jul_\-, 1864, and as captain in January, 1865. 
The latter commission he declined, however, as the rules 
of the War Department forbade his muster. When 
wounded Juh' 18, 1 863, he was a sergeant; when wounded 
August [6, [864, he was a first lieutenant. 

In 1S70 Captain Eldredge located in Boston, Mass., at 
w Inch place he now resides. In 1S77 he and others largely 
assisted the late Honorable Josiah Quincy in establishing 
the building association system in Massachusetts, and 
now known as co-operative banks. He was the first sec- 
retary of the first bank established under the law, the 
Pioneer Co-operative Bank of Boston. Since that time 
he has been largely identified with the business generally, 
and at this writing holds the responsible positions of sec- 
retary and treasurer of three co-operative banks, — the 
Pioneer, the Homestead, and the Guardian, — occupying 
one office, and whose combined assets amount to nearly 
a million of dollars. He assisted largely in organizing 
several of the more than one hundred banks in the State, 
and frequently lectures upon the subject. 

Captain Eldredge is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, of the Grand Arm}- of the Republic, and of the 
Massachusetts Commandery of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



123 



BRIGADIER-GKNHRAL THOMAS J. THORP, U.S.V. 

Brigadier-General Thomas J. Thorp is a grandson 
of revolutionary patriots on the side of both his mother 
and father. He was born in Granger, Allegany County, 
State of New York, in 1837, being a brother of the late 
Captain Alexander K. Thorp, who was killed in the great 
cavalry charge at Winchester, Virginia, September 19, 
1864. Also a brother of the late Senator Simeon Mont- 
gomery Thorp, who was killed by the Confederate fon e 
at the sacking of Lawrence, Kansas, in [863. 

He was prepared to enter Union College at Alfred 
University, being a member of the class of [861, but, 
entering the army at the breaking out of the great slave- 
holders' rebellion, he received liis diploma in the field. In 
response to a call of President Lincoln, he enrolled him- 
self in the company organized in his native town, which 
was finally assigned to the Eighty-fifth New York Regi- 
ment of Infantry, which entered the Army of the Potomac. 

During the first Peninsular campaign he won honorable 
distinction as a captain at the battle of Pair Oaks, where 
he was wounded, and at the conclusion of the Seven 
Days' battle he was selected by Governor Morgan, of 
New York, to fill the position of lieutenant-colonel in the 
One Hundred and Thirtieth Regiment, which was also 
attached to the Army of the Potomac in September, 1862. 

This regiment was composed of the flower of the 
native-born yeomanry of Allegany, Livingston, and Wy- 
oming Counties, and to hold an important position in that 
regiment required not only executive ability of the first 
order, but intelligence, courage, and devotion to the flag 
of an unquestioned character; for even in the ranks of 
this regiment were found men eminent in scholarship, 
representing all of the learned professions, and among the 
captains were found such men as the venerable and patri- 
otic Rev. Dr. Joel Wakeman. The position of colonel 
was filled by an able officer selected from the regular 
army, who became a brigadier-general. The vacancy 
caused by his promotion was filled by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Thorp, who, for gallant and meritorious services on the 
field of battle, won his star also. General Thorp was 
married to the accomplished daughter of Colonel John 
Major during the war. The ceremony was novel as it 
was impressive and beautiful. It took place in the hollow 
square of his regiment, and was performed by one of his 
captains, the Rev. Dr. Wakeman. After the battle of 
Gettysburg the One Hundred and Thirtieth Regiment 
was transferred to the cavalry corps by an order from the 
War Department, and designated as the First New \ ork 
Dragoons. General Thorp rendered honorable services 
under every commander of the Army of the Potomac, 
from first to last, and was absent from the battle-field only 




when disabled by wounds, or during a very short period 
while a prisoner of war, after the battle of the Wilderness. 
At Trevilian Station he was severely wounded, made a 
prisoner of war, and sent to Macon, Georgia. While a 
prisoner of war he delivered an oration on the Fourth of 
fuly, which, doubtless, will never be forgotten for its fire 
and eloquence by the sixteen hundred officers who were 
also prisoners of war. This outburst of patriotic senti- 
ment, uttered in the very heart of the Confederacy and 
in the very mouth of the cannon guarding the prisoners, 
was treated by the prison commander as insubordination, 
but it was characteristic of General Thorp, who, in the 
night, jumped from the train going from Savannah to 
Charleston in his effort to rejoin his command in front of 
Richmond. 

The sterling qualities which prompted thousands of the 
heroic defenders of our Union and constitutional liberty 
to stand four square to the brunt of battle were also effi- 
cacious with General Thorp, who, from the ranks to the 
proud position of general, was faithful to the end of the 
war. When peace came, General Thorp became interested 
in educational work, and was called to an important edu- 
cational trust in the city of Buffalo by the eminent Dr. 
Thomas Lothrop, superintendent of public instruction of 
that city. Closing his educational engagements, lasting 
ral years, he turned his attention to the subject of 
applied mechanics, and received several important patents 
for inventions from the government, and is at present 
interested in their development in the city of Chicago. 

G nera! Thorp's home is in Oregon, located at the 
beautiful city of Forest Grove, the seat of the Pacific 
University, where his two children, Miss Bessie Maybelle 
and Stephen Montgomery Thorp, are being educated. 



[24 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY [volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL SAMUEL CHAPMAN 
ARMSTRONG. U.S.V. 

Bkevi i Brigadier-General Samuel Chapman Arm- 
strong was horn January 30, 1839, at the Hawaiian 
Islands, where his parents were missionaries from 1831 t<> 
1 848. I lis mother was sister of the late Chief-Justice Chap- 
man, of Massachusetts. 1 lis lather, a native <>f Pennsyl- 
vania (Scotch-Irish), dying in [860, was appointed Minister 
of Public Instruction in 1848, and chiefly built up the five 
hundred free public schools of that kingdom, besides fos- 
tering several higher institutions, all on the manual-labor 
plan, where many valuable men were trained. The subject 
of this sketch was, in 1861 1, < hief clerk of the 1 Jepartment of 
Public Instruction, and there got the ideas and experience 
that, since 1868, he has tried to apply to training negro 
and Indian youth of America, whom llawaiians in many 
ways resemble ; all being unusually bright and hopeful 
mentally, but are morally weals, needing, of all things, prac- 
tical Christian education, which did much for llawaiians, 
but not enough of it was done to save that doomed nation 
from decay. 

Having passed two years in Oahu College, Honolulu, 
he entered and graduated from Williams College, Massa- 
chusetts, receiving the di gree of Bachelor of Arts in 1 862, 
and the degree of Master of Arts in [866. He at once 
sou-lit service, and in August, [862, was mustered into 
service as captain of Company 1). One Hundred and 
Twenty tilth Regiment New York Infantry, from Troy, 
New York, George L.Willard, colonel, after whose death 
at I Gettysburg Captain Armstrong was promoted to major. 
On the recommendation of General Casey's Examining 
Board he was appointed, in [863, lieutenant-colonel of the 
Ninth Regiment United States Colored Troops (Maryland 
negroes), which he commanded nearly one year in almost 
continuous active service. He was promoted, in 1864, to 



colonel of the Eighth Regiment United States Colored 
Troops (miscellaneous negroes), and made brigadier- 
general by brevet after Appomattox. 

He received the degree of LL.D. from Williams Col- 
lege, Massachusetts, in 1887, and the same from Harvard 
College, Massachusetts, in 1889. 

General Armstrong was in the Deep Bottom, Virginia, 
campaign in 1 864, under General Terry, and many months 
in the siege of Petersburg and Richmond. After the sur- 
render he served under General R. H. Jackson in a blood- 
less campaign on the Rio Grande River, Texas, to threaten 
the Emperor Maximilian ; was two and a half years with 
negro troops, — a most satisfactory service, — and mustered 
out November, 1865, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

He was appointed in March, 1866, by General O. < >. 
Howard, Commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau, to 
superintend freedmen's affairs in ten counties of Eastern 
Virginia. He left, after two years' work, to take charge 
of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute. He 
soon felt the great importance and possibilities of Hamp- 
ton as an educational centre, and devoted his life to making 
it a place where the poorest negro or any earnest Indian 
youth could get a practical Christian education if they will 
work for it. Education by self-help is its fundamental idea ; 
the graduates of the school are to be, in their turn, teach- 
ers and leaders of their people; nearly a thousand of them 
being already so employed, having had last year over 
thirty thousand children under their instruction. The 
facts and results of this work have been published, and 
can be supplied to students of these race questions. 

Ihe utmost cordiality and good feeling have been shown 
to the Hampton work by the best class of Southern 
people. The State of Virginia has been liberal to it. Its 
support — a private corporation, not under government 
control — is chiefly from the Northern States, especially 
New England. Its executive officers were nearly all in 
the Northern or Southern armies. An idea transplanted 
from the Pacific Ocean has nourished wonderfully in old 
Virginia. General Armstrong married, in 1869, Emma 
Dean Walker, of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, who died in 
1878; and again, in [890, married Mary Alice Ford, of 
Lisbon, New Hampshire. He has three daughters living. 

■■ For 1 Mi Piierson, At 1 an i a. i Ia., 

" October iS, 1892. 

" 1 have known General S. C. Armstrong late United States Volunteers, 

since early in 1865. lie served under my command from April 9, 1S65, 

during the march from Appomattox Court-House to City Point, Virginia, 

and in Texas, on the Rio Grande, until the close of the war. He was 

1 "1 1 of a regiment of United Slates colored troops, ami. lor a part of the 

time, in Texas commanded a brigade. < leneral Armstrong was an excellent 
officer, thoroughly fitted by education and character for command His 
services were exceedingly valuable, and I can cheerfully testily to his great 
merit as an officer and a gentleman. 

(Signed) K. 1 1. Jackson, 
Lieutenant Colonel Fourth Artillery, Brevet Brigadier- General, 
late Brevet Major- General U-S. Volunteer!," 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



DOCTOR WILLIAM HARRISON KEMPER, U.S.V. 

Doctor William I [arrisi in Kemper was born in Rush 
County, Indiana, on the 1 6th day of December, 1839. 
His parents, Arthur S. and Patience (Bryant) Kemper, 
were natives of Garrard County, Kentucky, and were of 
German descent. The early life of their son was not 
unlike that of the majority of farmers' boys. His father 
died in 1849, and, at the age of ten years, he began the 
battle of life for himself. The next seven years his time 
was employed in working on his mother's farm during the 
summer and attending the district school during the 
winter. In 1856 he removed to Montezuma, Iowa, and 
spent a year as a clerk in a dry-goods store. An oppor- 
tunity presenting, he accepted employment in a printing- 
office, where he worked for two years more. The oppor- 
tunities for acquiring knowledge in the printing-office, 
which he eagerly embraced, stimulated a desire for more, 
and, early in the winter of 1859, he removed to Greens- 
burg, Indiana, and entered the City Seminary. Here his 
studies were industriously pursued until January, 1861. 
A desire for the study of medicine had been cherished for 
some time, and at the age of twenty-one years he entered 
upon the study of this profession in the office of John W. 
Moodey, M.D. 

Shortly before the breaking out of the war of the 
Rebellion, Doctor Kemper began the study of medicine. 
On April 18, 1861, after the fall of Fort Sumter, he en- 
listed in the service, being the forty-seventh person to 
volunteer in Decatur Count)', Indiana, where he then 
resided. That company became Company B, Seventh 
Regiment Indiana Volunteers (three months' service). 
The regiment left Indianapolis under the command of its 
colonel, afterwards General, Kbenezer Dumont, on the 
29th of May, for Western Virginia, and participated in 
the campaign under General McClellan. He was present 
with his regiment, serving as a private soldier, in the fol- 
lowing engagements : Philippi, June 3, 1 861 ; Laurel Hill, 
or Bealington, skirmishes, July 7 to I I ; and Carriek's 
Ford, July 13. The regiment was mustered out <>f ser- 
vice August 2, 1 86 1. 

On September 25, 1861, he re-enlisted in the Seven- 
teenth Regiment Indiana Volunteers, which was then in 
the field. On joining that regiment he was appointed 
hospital steward, and served in that capacity until Feb- 
ruary 20, 1863, when he was promoted to assistant sur- 
geon of the same regiment, filling that position until the 
expiration of term of enlistment, Jul}- 27, 1864. With 
this regiment he participated in the following engage- 
ments: Hoover's Gap, June 24, 1863; Chattanooga, Sep- 
tember 8 ; Ringgold, September 1 I ; Rock Spring. Sep- 
tember 12 ; Chickamauga, September 19 and 20; Thom- 
son Cove, October 3 ; Murfreesborough Road, October 4 ; 
Shelbyville Pike, near Farmington, October 7 ; Missionary 
Ridge, November 24 and 25 ; Cleveland, November 27 ; 



i^5 



m m 




siege of Knoxville, December 3 and 4; Charleston, De- 
cember 28 ; Dallas, May 24, 1864 ; Big Shanty, June 9; 
Noonday Creek, June 20; Kenesaw Mountain, June 27 ; 
and battles before Atlanta up to July 27, 1864. In April, 
[863, the Seventeenth Regiment Indiana Volunteers, 
which up to this date was an infantry regiment, was 
mounted in connection with three other regiments, and 
armed with the Spencer repeating rifle. This brigade w as 
well known throughout the Army of the Cumberland as 
Wilder's Brigade of Mounted Infantry. 

During the winter of 1864-65 he attended a course of 
medical lectures at the University of Michigan, and in the 
spring following a second course at the Long Island Col- 
lege Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, where he graduated 
in June, 1 865. The same year he located in Muncie, 
Indiana, where he has since resided and been engaged in 
the general practice of his profession. 

Doctor Kemper was coroner of Delaware County, 
Indiana, from 1870 to 1875. He has been an examining 
surgeon for pensioners since May, 1872, to the present 
time, except for a period of two years, when removed for 
political reasons. He was treasurer of the Indiana State 
Medical Society from 187910 1885, and in 1886 elected 
its president, and presided at the scssi. m 1 if 1 887. He has 
contributed more than fifty articles on medical and sur- 
gical subjects to various medical societies and journals. 

Doctor Kemper is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and also the Military ( >rder of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States, being a charter member of 
the Indiana Commander}-, insignia No. 4648. In politics 
he is a Republican, and in religious belief a Methodist. 

On the 1 3th of August, 1865, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Harriet Kemper, of Oskaloosa, Iowa. They 
are the parents of three children, — Georgette Moodey, 
Arthur Thomson, and William Winton. 



126 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 





COLONEL GEORGE L. SH< >UI\ U.S.V. 

Colonel George L. ShoupI United States Senator from 
Idaho) was born in Kittanning, Armstrong County, Penn- 
sylvania, June 15, 1836; was educated in the public 
schools of Freeport and Slate Lick; moved with his 
father to Illinois in June, 1852, and to Colorado in [859 ; 
was engaged in mining and mercantile business until 
1 86 1 . 

September 7, 1 861, Colonel Shoup enlisted in Captain 
Backus's independent company of scouts at Nevada City, 
( olorado.to serve three years ; was commissioned second 
lieutenant same company December iS, 1861. During 
the autumn and winter of l86l was engaged in scouting; 
was ordered to Fort Union, New Mexico, in the early part 
of [862; was kept on Scouting duty on the Canadian, 
Pecos, and Red Rivers until the spring of [863, and dur- 
ing this time was promoted to a first lieutenancy ; was 
then ordered to the Arkansas River. Had been assigned 
in 1862 to the Second Colorado infantry, but was retained 
on duty in the cavalry service and assigned to the First 
Colorado Cavalry in May, [863. In 1864 he was elected 
to the Constitutional Convention to prepare a constitution 
for the proposed State oi Colorado, and obtained a leave 
of absence for thirty (lays to serve as ,1 member of said 
Convention. lie returned to active duty in the army, 
and served until honorably discharged as fust lieutenant 
September i< >, 1864, to accept promotion. I le was mus- 
tered in as colonel of the Third Colorado Cavalry Sep- 
tember j 1 , 1 864, .iut\ w as mustered 1 nit in 1 )en\ er with the 
regiment at the expiration oi term of service, December 
28, [86 

During his term oi service in the army, Colonel Shoup 
was kept almost constantly on the border, where he 
achieved marked success in all his engagements with 
bands of Confederates and Indians, not losing an enga 



ment in a single instance, for which he was frequently 
complimented by department and district commanders in 
general and special orders. The following is quoted from 
the records of the Department of New Mexico : 

"Head-Quarters, Department of New Mexico, 

" Santa Fe, New Mexii 0, December 15, 1S62. 
■■ Gi serai. < M' i>i rs, No. 103. 

" < In the 26th of August, 1SC12, Second Lieutenant G. 
L. Shoup, of Company C, Second Colorado Volunteers, 
was detached from Fort Union, New Mexico, with forty- 
five men of that company, to overtake and chastise the 
Indians for robbing a train on the Cimarron Route of 
over one hundred mules anil horses, and to recover the 
animals. I le was gone 1 on this service forty-one days, 
twenty days of which time his men were on half-rations, 
lie went into the heart of the Comanche and Kiowa 
country, forced the Indians to give up ninety-two of the 
stolen animals, and to promise not again to depredate 
upon our trains. Lieutenant Shoup marched several 
hundred miles while on this duty. 

"In November, 1 862, Lieutenant Shoup pursued a 
party of men on their way to Fort Smith, Arkansas, and 
captured them three hundred and fifty miles on the plains 
east of the settlements east of New Mexico, and in the 
heart of the Comanche country. 

"The zeal, energy, perseverance, and self-denial shown 
by this young gentleman deserve this public notice, and 
is worthy the emulation of every officer and soldier in 
this department. 

" By order of Brigadier-General Carlton. 

(Signed) " Ben. C. Cutler, 

" C aptain and . Xcting Adjutant-General!' 

He engaged in the mercantile business in Virginia City, 
Montana, in 1866, and during tile same year established 
a business in Salmon City, Idaho. Since 1866 has been 
engaged in mining, stock-raising, mercantile, and other 
business in Idaho. He was a member of the Territorial 
Legislature during the eighth and tenth sessions ; a dele- 
gate to the National Republican Convention in 1880; is 
a member of the Republican National Committee. He- 
was appointed governor of Idaho Territory March 2c;, 
1889, which position he held until elected governor of the 
State of Idaho October 1, 1890, and was elected to the 
United States Senate December 18, I S90, taking his seat 
December 29, I So,o. I lis term of service will expire 
March 3, 1895. 

1 lolonel Shoup's ancestry were early colonists in East- 
ern Pennsylvania, and were active participants in the Rev- 
olutionary War and the War of [8l2. Colonel Shoup 
was married January 2S, [868, to Miss Lena Darnutzer. 
I hey have- three sons and three daughters living, — Wil- 
liam Henry, George Elmo, Walter Campbell, Lena Jane, 
Laura Mittie, and Margaret Elizabeth. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



127 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN P. S. G0B1N, 
U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General John P. S. Gobin, named 
for his grandfather, Rev. John Peter Shindel, was born 
January 26, 1837, at Sunbury, Pennsylvania. On the 
paternal side he descended from good old Revolutionary 
stock, his great-grandfather, Charles Gobin, being captain 
in one of the Berks Count}' Associated Battalions during 
the struggle for Independence, serving in the Jersey cam- 
paign, and in the summer of 1780 on active duty on the 
frontiers of Pennsylvania. His grandfather, Edward Go- 
bin, was a soldier in the War of 1812-14. General John 
P. S. Gobin received an academic education, learned the 
art of printing, and was admitted to the Northumberland 
Count}- bar in [858. When the Civil War threatened, 
before the firing upon Sumter, he tendered his services to 
Gov. Curtin, was accepted, and on returning to Sunbury 
commenced the organization of what eventually was Com- 
pany F, Eleventh Penna., being commissioned first lieuten- 
ant. His company participated in the first fight at Falling 
Waters, and volunteered to remain in the service at the 
request of General Patterson. After the expiration of the 
three months' campaign he reorganized the company, and 
Sept. 2, 1 861, was mustered in as captain of Company 
C, Forty-seventh Regiment. This command first served 
in Smith's division of the Army of the Potomac, but in 
January, 1862, was ordered to Florida, and the regiment 
garrisoned Fort Taylor on the island of Key West, and 
Fort Jefferson at the Dry Tortugas. Subsequently it went 
on an expedition up St. John's River, seizing Jacksonville 
and the fort at St. John's Bluff. It may be here mentioned 
that the Forty-seventh captured the "Governor Milton," 
a war steamer, near Palatka, — the only steamer taken by 
infantry during the Rebellion. In the summer of 1 862 the 
regiment was sent to Hilton Head, S. C, to assist in the 
attack on the approaches to Charleston, and participated 
in the battle of Pocotaligo. In the report of Brigadier- 
General Brannan, commanding the Department of the 
South, referring to Captain Gobin and others by name, in 
connection with that action, occurs the following : " I have 
great pleasure, on the recommendation of their respective 
commanders, in bringing' to the favorable consideration of 
the department the following officers and men who ren- 
dered themselves specially worth}' of notice by their 
bravery and praiseworthy conduct during the entire ex- 
pedition, and the engagements attending it." It returned 
to Key West, and again to Hilton Head to assist in the 
operations in that locality. Returned to Key West in the 
summer of 1863. In the autumn of the foregoing year 
the Forty-seventh was the first regiment which re-enlisted 
under the so-called Veteran order. Subsequently the 
command participated in Red River expedition. At the 
battle of Pleasant Hill, Captain Gobin was especially 
commended for braver}- by General J. W. McMillan, who 




recommended him to Governor Curtin for promotion. 
For services rendered in that campaign he was detailed by 
General Banks to conduct all the prisoners captured on 
the expedition to New ( (rleans. In Jul}-, 1864, the regi- 
ment came North, and joined General Sheridan in the 
Shenandoah Valley. Promoted to the majority, Major 
Gobin participated in that famous campaign and the battle 
of Cedar Creek. Major-General McMillan, commanding 
the First Division of that corps, wrote Governor Curtin, 
commending Colonel Gobin's conduct. In 1865 Han- 
cock's Veteran Corps was organized, and the Forty-seventh 
was assigned to it, Major Gobin having been promoted 
November 4, 1864, lieutenant-colonel, and January 3, 
1865, colonel of the regiment. When the spring cam- 
paign opened, Colonel Gobin, having been brevetted briga- 
dier-general March 13, 1805, was placed in command of 
the Second Brigade, First Division, of the Nineteenth 
Army Corps, co-operating with Grant, heading for Lynch- 
burg, where he received news of Lee's surrender, and the 
force returned. On the day of the assassination of President 
Lincoln the}- were ordered to Washington, and a picket, or 
rather skirmish-line, was thrown around the entire city. 
The Forty-seventh participated in the grand review, and 
after it was over the regiment was again sent South. Or- 
dered at first to Savannah, subsequently to Charleston, 
( General Gobin was placed in command of that city, and at 
the same time made Provost Judge. All the courts having 
been suspended, he was the only judicial officer in that 
city during the reconstruction period, and the regiment 
was finally discharged Jan. 9, 1866. Returning home, 
Gen. Gobin resumed the practice of the law at Lebanon. 
I le is now brigadier-general of the N. G. of Penna., a mem- 
ber of the G. A. R., the Loyal Legion, Grand Master of 
the Grand Encampment of Knights Templar of the United 
States, and a prominent member of the State Senate. 



128 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR GEORGE HOOKER TREADWELL, U.S.V. 

Major George Hooker Treadwell. — Among Al- 
bany's numerous population there is no one man more 
popular or more widely known among them than George 
I looker Treadwell. Generous in heart, active by nature, 
and endowed with a spirit to help every public enterprise, 
or give a hand of succor to a friend or comrade, Mr. 
Treadwell is well in the fore of Albany merchants and 
in the esteem of the citizens. In fire department and 
military matters his name is closely allied. Then, too, he 
isaprominent Mason. Being initiated in Temple Lodge, 
he soon took all the degrees in free and Accepted 
Masonry, ami then was received in the Scottish Rite 
bodies, holding offices in each of the various orders he 
went through ; is also an Odd Fellow, member of Clinton 
Lodge, No. 7. During the old volunteer lire department 
days he served his time in the fue department, being 
attached to Tivoli hose and hook-and-ladder truck No. 1. 
While he liked the life of a fireman, it did not suit his tastes 
so well as that oi ,1 soldier, llis record during the war 
demonstrated clearly his peculiar fitness for a military life. 
In April, [861, at the age of twenty-four, Major Treadwell 
made his advent into the militia by joining the Washing- 
ton Continentals, Company 1>. Then he enlisted in the 
( )ne Hundred and Thirteenth Regiment New York State 
Volunteers (changed to the Seventh Regiment New York 
Volunteer Artillery in December, 1862), August J. 1862, 
and on the same- day was appointed sergeant-major. His 
martial appearance, being well proportioned, — six feet and 
half an inch tall and as straight as an arrow, — together 
with his quick insight into the requirements of military 
life, quickly threw him in the line of promotion, and on 
November 1, [862, he was promoted to second lieutenant, 
and to first lieutenant August 10 following. February 
15, 1864, found him a captain, and on March [3, [865, he 



was brevetted major of the United States Volunteers. 
Major Treadwell served as aide-de-camp on the staff of 
Colonel Morris, commander of the Second Brigade, 
Haskins's Division, in the defences of Washington north 
of the Potomac, from November I, 1862, to August, 
[863, and as assistant adjutant-general from August, 
1863, until March, 1864, when he was assigned to com- 
mand of Battery M, Seventh New York Volunteer Artil- 
lery. He was also detailed as inspector of the Fourth 
Brigade, First Division, Second Corps, June 4, 1864, and 
served thereon until in August following. < >n reporting 
from sick leave at Annapolis, Maryland, Major Treadwell 
was detailed as assistant provost-marshal, and subse- 
quently as adjutant at Camp Parole, Maryland, until 
honorably discharged January 3, [865. 

Major Treadwell was in the following battles: River 
Po, May 19, 1864; Milford Station, May 21, 1864; North 
Anna, May 23, 1864 ; Bridge, May 27, 1864; Tolopotomy 
Creek, May 29 and 31, 1864 ; Cold Harbor, June 3, and 
siege, June 4 to 16, 1 864 ; Petersburg, June 16 to 19, 
(864. 

Major Treadwell was appointed captain and quarter- 
master of the Ninth Brigade, Third Division, National 
Guard, State of New York, May 9, 1867; major and 
inspector of the same brigade on June 10 following, and 
served until November, 1S71, under the command of 
brigadier-General D. M. Woodhall. An effort was made 
to get Major Treadwell back into the National Guard 
( )ctober 23, [873, when he was elected lieutenant-colonel 
of the Tenth Regiment, but he declined. Since the 
organization of the Grand Army of the Republic, Major 
Treadwell has been an active member. Joining Lew 
benedict Post, No. 5, early in its history, he was trans- 
ferred to Lewis 0. Morris Post, No. 121,011 September 2, 
[870, and was elected its first commander, lie served 
two terms, and resigned September [9, 1871. In 1878 
he was re-elected commander, and served as such for nine 
consecutive terms. He was appointed assistant quarter- 
master-general, department of New York, G. A. P., under 
John Palmer, department commander, and also served one 
term as junior vice-commander of this department. As 
aide-de-camp on the national commander's staff in 18S2 
and [883, was elected commander of Department of New 
York, and served as such one term. 

Major Treadwell is a native of Albany, having been 
born within its precincts on May 10, 1837. He is married. 
I he firm ot which he is a member and president and gen- 
eral manager — George C. Treadwell Company — is not 
only one of the oldest and most reputable of its kind in 
this country, but is known in Europe as well as in this 
country. The house was started in Albany in 1832 by 
( .corge C. 1 readvvell, father of the subject of our sketch, 
fhe firm's business is as furriers, and it conducts a large 
branch house in New York City and Newark, New Jersey. 



WHO SURFED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 






COLONEL I). H. PATTON, U.S.V. 

Colonel 1). H. Patton, whose proudest title is that <>f 
" The Hero of Jonesborough's Skirmish-Line," was born 
November 26, 1837, near Flemingsburg, Kentucky. His 
boyhood days were spent upon the farm and attending 
the village schools. In 1S57 the family moved to Indiana, 
taking up their residence at Waveland, Montgomery 
County, where David, then in his twentieth year, entered 
the Waveland Collegiate Institute, completing a scientific 
course in 1S60, when he immediately entered upon the 
study of medicine. While engaged in the stud)- of his 
chosen profession, Fort Sumter was bombarded; follow- 
ing this came the disastrous defeat of the Federal forces 
at Hull Run. The future colonel laid aside his books, 
relinquished his cherished ambitions for the present, and 
with twelve others hastened to New Albany to join the 
Thirty-eighth Indiana, already organized and read} - for 
the field. The regiment passed into Kentucky, and after 
innumerable skirmishes and marching and countermarch- 
ing for nearly eighteen hundred miles they were face to 
face with the Confederates at Perryville, where a battle 
was fought. It was the fate of the Thirty-eighth Indiana 
to bear a conspicuous part on that field, where their per- 
centage of loss was as great as that of either of the con- 
tending armies at Waterloo. Of the color-bearer and 
guard, Patton and Sullivan alone stood erect, and the 
former, as Colonel Scribner will testify, could touch the 
colors any time during the engagement. Of the seven 
that lay upon the ground, five were killed outright and 
one dangerously wounded. The flag-staff was shot in 
two twice, and the colors were shot into shreds on that 
day. 

Their next severe engagement was Stone River, 
where the colors were pierced by thirty-one balls, and 
private Patton again distinguished himself so much that 
he was promoted. The regiment participated in the cap- 
ture of Lookout Mountain and the " battle in the clouds," 
in which they again distinguished themselves. The regi- 
ment served in the Atlanta campaign, participating in all 
the battles till that city was taken. In the battle of 
Jonesborough Lieutenant Patton rendered signal service, 
and received the highest praise of his commanding officer, 
being styled " the hero of Jonesborough's skirmish-line." 
To fully understand the importance of the service ren- 
dered, it must be understood that Jonesborough was the 
key to Atlanta, and that certain works lying in front of 
Carlin's brigade were the key to Jonesborough, and Car- 
lin's brigade was ordered to take the works. Two regi- 
ments were ordered to attack, but were repulsed with 
heavy loss. Two more were ordered to the attack, who 
were also repulsed ; but they had succeeded in getting 
close enough to the works to learn that an abatis lay 
just in front of it that would have to be torn away to 
make room for the assaulting column. General Carlin or- 
17 




1* \) 




dered Lieutenant-Colonel Griffin to take the Thirty-eighth, 
as it was all there was left, and take the works. Colonel 
Griffin ordered Company G, Captain H. F. Perry, and 
Company H, Lieutenant David H. Patton, as skirmishers, 
to take advantage of the smoke and gathering shades of 
evening, reserve their fire, to move as noiselessly as possi- 
ble, tear away the abatis, and open a way to carry the 
works. Captain Perry fell early in the advance, but Lieu- 
tenant Patton and skirmishers cleared away the abatis, 
and the Thirty-eighth carried the works. To the bravery 
of Colonel Patton on that occasion, Colonel Griffin, in 
his farewell address to the regiment, feelingly alludes 
when he says, " To the brave boys I can but say that 
everything is due to their valor on the field; and remem- 
ber that you have a leader in the commander of Jones- 
borough's gallant skirmish-line," meaning Captain Patton. 
who was then the ranking officer and in command. 

After the fall of Atlanta the Thirty-eighth went with 
Sherman to the sea; from Savannah they marched into 
North Carolina and fought the battle of Bentonville, 
where the senior officer, Captain Lowe, fell, leaving the 
regiment in command of Captain Patton, who brought it 
to victory. 

While in camp at Goldsborough, Captain Patton was 
elected colonel by his brother officers, and received his 
commission as such. His military record is a heritage 
that his children will prize above gold and silver, and will 
stimulate them to noble deeds and aspirati 

After the close of the war, having been mustered out 
with his regiment, Colonel Patton resumed the study of 
medicine, graduating from the Chicago Medical Col 
in 1867, since which time, up to 1 890, he has been in the 
continuous practice of his profession at Remington, 
Indiana. He is at present a member of Congress from 
the Tenth Indiana District, and is well and favorably 
known. 



'30 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 




MAJOR-GENERAL ALEXANDER SHALER, U.S.V. 

Major-General Alexander Shaler, the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Haddam, Connecticut, March 19, 
[827. At the age of eighteen he joined the Third Regi- 
ment of Artillery, New York State Militia, and two years 
afterwards was transferred to the Twenty-seventh Regi- 
ment ( National Guard), now the famous Seventh New 
York. After serving as captain for nearly eleven years 
In accepted the majority of theregiment. His reputation 
as tactician and instructor was deservedly high. While 
captain in the Seventh New York, he resided for five years 
in Hudson Count), New Jersey, and for that length of 
time served that State also as colonel of the First Regi 
ment, 1 1 udson Brigade. 

When the news reached New York that Sumter had 
been fired upon, he started for Washington the same day 
(April [3, [861), and tendered his services to the Secre- 
tary of War, who urged him to return at once to New 
York and bring on the Seventh Regiment. 

Mr. Cameron's wish was complied with. Upon tin- 
muster out of the Seventh he accepted the lieutenant- 
colonelcy of the Sixty-fifth New York Volunteers. He 
served continuously in the Army of the 1'otomac, and was 
aged in every important battle until the spring of [864 
\lter the battle of Malvern 1 [ill he was promoted to the 
n li j of the regiment. He displayed great gallantry 
in leading a successful assaulting column upon Marye's 
Heights, Virginia, May 3, [863, and on the 26th of that 
month was commissioned brigadier general I United States 
Volunteers. 

In the winter of [863 64 he commanded the military 
prison at Johnson's Island, Sandusky Haw I »hio. In the 
following spring he rejoined the Army of the Potomac 
with his brigade, and was himself made a prisoner of war 
in the battle of the Wilderness, May 6, 1864. H( 



probably the only officer who commanded a Union prison 
and was also an inmate of a rebel prison. He was trans- 
ferred from Macon, Georgia, with fifty other officers oi 
high rank to Charleston, South Carolina, and placed under 
the fire of Union batteries. Our government retaliated 
by sending to Hilton Head one hundred and fifty rebel 
offii ers, to be quartered within the range of the nearest 
rebel battery. This brought about an exchange, and 
General Shaler was ordered to report to General Canby 
at New Orleans. He was assigned to the command of 
the Third Brigade, Second Division, Nineteenth Corps, 
and shortly afterwards placed in command of the Second 
Division, Seventh Corps, and of the White River district, 
Department of Arkansas. While serving in the Seventh 
Corps was appointed by the President brevet major-gen- 
eral United States Volunteers. Was mustered out of the 
United States service August 24. 1865. 

General Shaler's long service in the National Guard 
gave him exceptional qualifications for service in the field, 
which commanding officers were not slow to recognize. 
He enjoyed the confidence and respect of his superiors to 
the fullest extent. I Ie has held e\ ery < iffice in the military 
service of the Slate, or of the Uinited States, from private 
to major-general, except that of second lieutenant. In 
the fall of t866 he was elected a supervisor of the county 
of New York, but resigned in January, [ 867, to accept the 
office of major-general of the First Division National 
Guard, State of New York. He brought this organization 
up to a standard of unequalled efficiency, and after serving 
for about twenty years resigned, and the First Division as 
such was disbanded. 

From [867 to [870 General Shaler was president of the 
Metropolitan hire Department, and for three years after- 
wards a commissioner of the Fire Department of New 
York. To his zealous and active services New York is 
chiefly indebted for the honor of having the best Fire 
1 lepartment in the world. After the big fire in Chicago in 
[874, he was called to that city to reorganize and disci- 
pline its hire Department, and succeeded in three months' 
time in so increasing its efficiency as to secure to it the 
full confidence of the underwriters and of the citizens 
generally. 

from (883 to [887 he was president of the Health 
Department of the city of New York, to which he applied 
his characteristic zeal and energy, improving the organi- 
zation and increasing its efficiency. He is now president 
of the Board of Health of the borough of Ridgefield, 
New Jersey, where lu- resides; is also president (and has 
been lor many years) of the New York City Association 
ol Union ex-Prisoners of War; is an ex-commander of 
the Commandery of the State of New York of the Mili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion, United States ; a mem- 
bei of the Grand Army of the Republic, and of many 
other military, social, and benevolent organizations. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



131 



CAPTAIN A. EMIT L; MOORES, U.S.V. 

Captain A. Emil L. Moores, the subject of this skefc h, 
was at the outbreak of the Rebellion engaged in the 
drug business. He also held the position of comp- 
troller of the city of East Saginaw, Michigan, and was 
a member of Company A, Light Artillery, Michi- 
gan State Troops. lie resigned both these positions 
to enter the United States service as first lieutenant 
Company H, Second Michigan Infantry, April 25, [861. 
He was appointed adjutant of the regiment October 25, 
[861, and promoted captain Company .\, March 6, 
[862. 

Captain Moores participated in the various campaigns 
of the Army of the Potomac, and was engaged at Blai I 
burn's Ford, Virginia, June (8, [86] ; Hull Run, June 21, 
[86] ; siege of Yorktown, Virginia, from April 4 to May 
4, 1S62 ; battles of Williamsburg, Virginia, May 5, [862 ; 
Pair ( )aks, May 31, [862 ; near Richmond, June iS, 1862 ; 
Glendale, June 30, [862; Malvern Hill, July 1, [862; 
Second Hull Run, August 28-30, [862; Chantilly, Sep- 
tember 1, [862; and Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 
12-14, 1862. 

He was then transferred to the Army of the West, and 
participated in various campaigns, being engaged in the 
siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, |une 22 to July 4, [863 ; 
battles of Jackson, Mississippi, July 11 to [8, 1863; Blue 
Springs, Tennessee, October IO, 1863; Loudon, Ten- 
nessee, November [4, [863; Lenoir Station, Tennessee, 
November 15, 1863; Campbell Station, Tennessee, No- 
vember [6, [863; siege of Knoxville, Tennessee, Novem- 




ber 17 to December 5, 1863; battles of Knoxville, No 
vembcr 24, 1863; Port Saunders, November 2<), [863; 
Thurley Ford, Tennessee, December 15, 1863; Straw- 
berry Plains, January 22, [864; and near Knoxville, 
Tennessee, January 24, [864 

Captain Moores resigned his commission in the volun- 
teer service April 26, 1864, and, returning to Saginaw, 
engaged in the flouring business. After twenty-seven 
years of successful operations he retired from further 
business August I, [892. lie is a member of the Mili- 
| tary Order of the Loyal Legion. 



I 2.2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




COLONHL AMOS H. WHITE. U.S.V. 

Colonel Amu- II. White is a direct descendant of 
the Puritan Elder John White, who sailed from London, 
England, about June 22, 1632, in the ship " Lyon," Captain 
Pierce, and arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, September 
16 following. He was one of the first settlers of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 

( olonel Amos H. White, the subject of this sketch, was 
born June 27, 1835, in Montgomery County, New York. 
After the death of his father, his mother moved to New 
York City. At the outbreak of the Civil War he was an 
accountant for an importing house. 

I Ie helped to raise Company D, Fifth New York Volun- 
teer Cavalry, and was mustered hist lieutenant of this 
company September 21, 1861, and captain December 9 
following. 

In March, [862, he was with his regiment in the Shen- 
andoah Valley, and participated in that campaign under 
General Hanks. At the battle of Front Royal, May 23, 
[862, he was knocked insensible from his horse, taken 
prisoner, and sent to Salisbury, North Carolina. He 
was exchanged September 21, 1862, and immediately 
rejoined his command. 

He was with his regiment during the fall campaign, 
and winter of 1862 and [863, on outpost duty for the de- 
fence of Washington, with head-quarters at Fairfax Court- 
House, and participated in all of its raids, scouts, skir- 
mishes, and battles. He was promoted to major January 
.50, 1863. 

The last of May, [863, General Kilpatrick took com- 
mand of what became that famous body of cavalry, the 
Third Division Cavalry Corps, Arm}- of the Potomac, 
afterwards commanded by Generals Sheridan and Custer. 
The Fifth New York Cavalry belonged to the First 
Brigade of this division, and on many a battle-field proved 



itself to be one of the most reliable fighting cavalry regi- 
ments of the war. 

He was in the Gettysburg campaign, and was shot in 
the right foot at Hanover, Pennsylvania, June 30, 1862. 
After recovering from this wound he rejoined his com- 
mand at Hartwood Church. In the fall campaign of 1863 
he participated in all its actions in central Virginia. 

He was in the Wilderness campaign, his battalion being 
the first troops to cross the Rapidan at Germania Ford, 
May 4, 1864. He participated in all the daily engage 
ments of his command in this campaign, and at Ashland 
Station June 1, 1865. While in command of the regi- 
ment he was shot through the body, taken prisoner, and 
sent to Libby Prison. He was exchanged September 12, 
1864. He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel Septem- 
ber 15, 1864, and colonel November 14, 1864. He re- 
joined his regiment at Winchester, Virginia, when it was 
detached from the brigade and became escort for General 
Sheridan. 

Colonel White brought the regiment homeattheclo.se 
of the war, and was honorably mustered out with it at 
Hart's Island, New York harbor, July 19, 1865. 

In the " Life of the Confederate Cavalry General J. E. 
B. Stewart," by his chief of staff, Major H. B. McLellan, 
about the only time he admits that the Confederate cavalry 
was defeated is «m page 380, at the battle of Brandy 
Station, October I I, 1863, when he states that "the Fourth 
and Fifth North Carolina Cavalry was suddenly opposed 
by a small body of the enemy, one battalion of the Fifth 
New York Cavalry charging in columns of squadrons with 
drawn sabres. Huddled together in the lane, these regi- 
ments, which had on this day done gallant service in 
previous charges, turned and ran from less than half their 
own numbers ; nor could their flight be checked until .1 
few determined officers, pressing their horses to the head 
of the column of fugitives, blocked the road with drawn 
pisti 'Is." 

The battalion of the Fifth Xew York Cavalry that made 
this charge was commanded by Major White, who was 
supporting a section of Elder's regular battery. Instead 
of this Confederate brigade being " huddled together in 
the lane," they were in the open field, in columns of 
squadrons, with drawn sabres, and charging these guns. 
Major White with his battalion met this charge by a 
counter-charge, striking the head of this column, turning 
it, doubling it up, routing it, and chased this confused mass 
for nearly a mile, killing and wounding many, and re- 
turned without the loss of a man or horse. 

After the close of the war, Colonel White returned 
t<> Xew York City, and engaged in mercantile pursuits. 
His present home is in Detroit, Michigan, where he has 
for many years been the Western representative of one of 
the oldest importing houses engaged in the China and 
Japan tea-trade, 



WHO SERVED I IV THE CIVIL WAR. 



133 



CAPTAIN CHARLES E. ETTING, U.S.V. 

Captain Charles E. Etting, second son of Edward J. 
Etting, of Philadelphia, and Philippa Minis, of Savannah, 
was born in Philadelphia, February 5, 1844. He was mus- 
tered into the service of the United States as second 
lieutenant, Company D, One Hundred and Twenty-first 
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, August 4, 1862, 
assigned to the First Brigade, Third Division, First Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, joining it near Sharpsburg after 
the battle of Antietam, and served continuously there- 
with, participating in all its movements and varied duties 
until placed on detached service. 

December 13, 1 862, at the battle of Fredericksburg, 
after supporting Battery C, Fifth U. S. Artillery, Lieuten- 
ant Etting's regiment advanced with the division under 
General George G. Meade under heavy fire, driving the 
enemy from its position ; thence up the heights in front, 
and held the ground until flanked and forced back by 
overwhelming numbers, earning from General Meade 
upon the field the exclamation, " Well done, One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-first ; good enough for one day !" 

May 2, 1862, at the battle of Chancellorsville, inarched 
from the west bank of the Rappahannock River under 
fire, crossing at United States Ford, reaching the front 
at I o'clock a.m., May 3, and there remained until with- 
drawn, May 6. Whilst on the march into Pennsylvania, 
Lieutenant Etting was detailed acting aide-de-camp First 
Brigade, and did duty as such at the battle of Gettysburg, 
July [-3, 1863. Incident to the frightful loss of July I, 
his regiment having over seventy per cent, killed, 
wounded, or missing, and only one field and one line 
officer unhurt, Lieutenant Etting, at Colonel Biddle's 
request, resumed command of his company July 4, and 
so remained until, upon reporting at Philadelphia August 
29, in compliance with War Department circular, Adju- 
tant-General's Office, he was assigned to staff duty by 
Brigadier-General fohn P. Hatch, and relieved therefrom 
April 8, [864, at the request of Captain James Biddle, 
Sixteenth U. S. Infantry, commanding Camp Cadwalader, 
with orders to report to him. He was promoted to cap- 
tain, Company D, from March 15, 1863, detailed August 
28, 1864, to perfect the organization of the new Penn- 
sylvania regiments then forming at Philadelphia, and 
September 17, 1 864, as acting Assistant Adjutant-gen- 
eral of Camp Cadwalader. Captain Etting's application 
of December 13, 1864, to be relieved having been re- 
turned disapproved, he remained on duty until discharged 
June 2, 1865, by reason of the termination of the war. 

Colonel Chapman Biddle wrote from Philadelphia, 
May 22, 1865, to his Excellency the President of the 
Lmited States : 

" I have the honor to recommend for an appointment 
in the regular military service of the United States, Cap- 
tain Charles E. Etting, of the One Hundred and Twenty- 




first Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers. Captain lu- 
ting entered the volunteer service as a second lieutenant 
nearly three years since, and during the time I commanded 
the One Hundred and Twenty-first Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, discharged all his duties as an officer with alacrity 
and fidelity. His service in the field in the several battles 
in which he was present obtained for him the commen- 
dation of his superior officers. As an educated officer, 
one thoroughly conversant with his duties, he would, in 
my opinion, be an acquisition to the regular service." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Piddle wrote under same 
date, similarly addressed: 

" I have the honor to recommend Captain Charles E. 
Etting for an appointment in the ami)- of the United 
States. Captain Etting entered the sen ice in the < >ne 
Hundred and Twenty-first Regiment Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, in 1S62, and served as second lieutenant, first 
lieutenant, and captain, acting also as regimental adjutant, 
and on the staff of the brigade commander. I le has since 
filled an office of responsibility in this city. During a 
long period of this service it is within my personal knowl- 
edge that Captain Etting, as well in the camp as in the 
field, conducted himself not only with much merit, but 
with distinction in every position he was required to fill. 
His sen ices at Fredericksburg and Gettysburg were noted 
by his commander, and it is my duty as well as a pleasure 
to add my testimony of his attainments and capability to 
perform the duties of any office he may ask." Upon the 
termination of the war Captain Etting engaged in business 
in, and still resides in, his native city, where he is a well- 
know n citizen and member of the Pennsylvania Society of 
the Sons of the Revolution, Society of the First Army 
Corps, Society of the Army of the Potomac, Military Order 
of the Loyal Legion of the United States, and Post 1, Grand 
Army of the Republic, Department of Pennsylvania. 



'34 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL PAUL A. OLIVER, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Paul A. ( (liver was born 
at sea (in the 1 8th July, 1831,011 the ship " Louisiana," 
owned and commanded by his father, Captain Paul A. 
< (liver, who was a native of Philadelphia, and served as 
sailing-master in the United Slates Navy in the War of 
[812. 

Genera] < (liver was engaged as shipping merchant, and 
resided at Fort Hamilton at the time the yellow fever 
epidemic prevailed in that village in 1856. He established 
a hospital, and was made president of the Fort Hamilton 
Relief Society, which he organized, and by its efforts the 
disease was prevented from spreading to the city of 
Bn pi (klyn. 

In January, 1862, he enlisted as second lieutenant in 
the Twelfth New York Infantry, which was assigned to 
the Third Brigade, First Division, Fifth Corps, then sta- 
tioned at Hall's Hill, Virginia. He participated in the 
siege of Yorktown and battle of Hanover Court-House ; 
commanded his company at the battle of Gaines's Mills 
(where he was wounded), Second Bull Run, Antietam, and 
Fredericksburg. In December, 1862, his company was 
detailed as head-quarters guardof the Fifth Corps, where 
it remained tc 1 the close of the war. When General But- 
terfield was appointed chief of Staff of the Army of the 
Potomac, under 1 looker. Lieutenant < (liver was appointed , 



on his staff as his aide, and as such served in the campaign 
of Chancellorsville. In the Gettysburg campaign he was 
appointed personal aide to General Meade, and remained 
on his staff until General Hooker got command of the 
Eleventh and Twelfth Corps, when he went with him, and 
served on his staff in the battles of Lookout Valley, Look- 
out Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and Ringgold. On the 
Atlanta campaign, in the spring of 1S64, he served with 
General Butterfield, who had command of a division of 
the Twentieth Corps, as his chief of staff, in the battles of 
Resaca, Carsville, Dallas, New Hope Church, and Mari- 
etta. In Inly, 1864, he returned to the Army of the 
Potomac at his own request, and served on the staff of 
General Warren, part of the time as acting provost-mar- 
shal of the Fifth Corps. At this time he received the 
commission of major, and afterwards lieutenant-colonel of 
the Fifth New York Veteran Volunteers, but declined. He- 
participated in the siege of Petersburg and the various 
battles, — Yellow Tavern, Weldon Railroad, Hatcher's Run, 
raid to Bellfield, and Hicksford. In January he was trans- 
ferred, by special orders of Grant, to City Point on special 
duty, under General M. R. Patrick. < )n the 8th of 
March, 1865, he was brevetted brigadier-general. At the 
surrender of Lee he was. as assistant provost-marshal, 
engaged in paroling the Army of Northern Virginia, at 
Appomattox, under the direction of General George H. 
Sharpe, assistant provost-marshal, who took the original 
paroles of the Army of Northern Virginia to the War 
Department, Washington, and the duplicate paroles were 
taken by General < (liver to Richmond, and handed by 
him to Colonel Taylor, General Lee's adjutant-general. 
The war being closed, General Oliver tendered his resig- 
nation, ami was honorably discharged May 5, 1865. 

General ( (liver received honorable mention by General 
Butterfield in official report of the Seven Days' battles, 
June-July, 1862 ("Official Record," vol. xiv., p. 321); also 
for his coolness and assistance at the battle of Bull Run 
(official report of Captain William Huson, Twelfth New 
York Volunteers, idem xvi., 477). He also received hon- 
orable mention for brave and intelligent performance of 
duties as aide-de-camp by General Hooker in official report 
oi the Chattanooga Ringgold Campaign {idem lv., 325). 

Since that time he has been engaged in the manufacture 
ot powder at Laurel Run, Oliver's Mills, Pennsylvania. 
General Oliver received the medal of honor for distin- 
guished services at the battle of Resaca, May 15, 1 864. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



135 



CAPTAIN WILSON N. PAXTON, U.S.V. 

Captain - Wilson N. Paxton was born in Canonsburg, 
Washington County, Pennsylvania, December 6, 1834, and 
has a Revolutionary ancestry. He entered Jefferson Col- 
lege, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, at sixteen years of age, 
from which he graduated in August, 1856. He then 
engaged in teaching for two years in the South, the second 
year studying law with Honorable Judge Farrar, of St. 
Joseph, Louisiana. Returning home, he resumed his 
studies with Honorable John L. Gow, of Washington, 
Pennsylvania, and was admitted to the Bar of Washing- 
ton Count}-, Pennsylvania, in May, i860. In 186 1 he 
opened a law-office in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania ; in August, 
1862, he enlisted in the United States service, assisting in 
recruiting what afterwards became Company G, of the One 
Hundred and Fortieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers. He was elected second lieutenant of said company 
at the organization of the regiment, but was soon pro- 
moted to the first lieutenancy, and subsequently to the 
captaincy. 

The regiment was organized in September, [862, and 
did guard duty along the Northern Central Railroad in 
Maryland, from September 11 until December 9, 1862, 
when it was transferred to the Rappahannock, where it was 
stationed until the Gettysburg campaign, coming back to 
its old quarters after the Chancellorsville battle. 

Lieutenant Paxton rejoined his company at their camp 
near Falmouth, Virginia, January 11, 1863, convalescent 
from a serious illness of typhoid fever contracted the 
previous October. He hail command of the company 
during the Chancellorsville campaign, where it lost quite 
heavily in killed and wounded, the second lieutenant being 
among the killed, while supporting Lupine's Fifth Maine 
Batten- on the plateau near the Chancellorsville I [ouse 1 m 
that disastrous Sunday, May 3, 1863. Part of the corn- 
pan}- assisted in drawing off the guns of said battery 
after the gunners and horses had all been killed, thus 
saving them from falling into the hands of the enemy. 
He also had command of the company during the Gettys- 
burg campaign, and was slightly wounded and captured 
by the enemy on the evening of the second day's fight in 
the woods, just west of the wheat-field where the battle- 
raged so fiercely on that sultry July day. 

The regiment was in the First Division of the Second 
Corps during its entire term of service, and was on the 
extreme right of the Second Corps troops engaged in the 
fight of Jul}- 2, where it lost heavily in killed, wounded, 
and captured, because of the enemy coming in upon its 
flank and rear through the historic gap between the lines 
of the Second and Third Corps that day, Colonel Roberts, 
of the regiment, being the first to fall. 

Captain Paxton was a prisoner of war for twenty 
months, coming into the Union lines at Wilmington, 
North Carolina, March 1, 1865. The first ten months 




were spent in Libby Prison. From May 17, 1864, until 
Jul}- 28, [864, he was confined in the stockade at Macon, 
Georgia; from Jul}- 29, 1864, until October 8, 1864, he 
was in Charleston, South Carolina, under the fire of our 
own guns from Morris Island; from October 9, 1864, 
until February 14, 1865, he was confined in the stockade 
at Columbia, South Carolina; and from that date until 
March 1, 1865, was on the road between Columbia and 
Wilmington, North Carolina, it taking that length of time 
to make the trip because of the imperfect car-service. 

Captain Paxton was mustered out of the service May 
15, 1865. Resuming the practice of his profession at 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, that autumn, he remained there 
until April, 1 88 1, when he accepted an appointment as 
examiner in the Pension Bureau at Washington, D. C, 
which position he still fills. He is a member of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia Commandery of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion, and of the Thomas Paxton Post, No. 
126, G. A. R., of Pennsylvania, named in honor of his 
brother, Sergeant Thomas Paxton, of Company D, Tenth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers R. C, who was killed in the 
battle of the River Po, Ma}- 9, 1864. His brother, Rev. 
J. R. Paxton, of New York City, was also a member of 
Company G, One Hundred and Fortieth Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and was with the company from 
Chancellorsville to Appomattox. 

Rev. W. G. Ready, D.D., his college-class historian, 
writes of him : " Captain Paxton is a scion of that stout 
Presbyterian stock that settled in Western Pennsylvania 
which, though the proud pages of the historian may 
ignore, has moulded the character of our entire Western 
civilization, — a stock that needs no annals, but is content 
to be a moving force." 

Captain Paxton was married to Emily J. Newkirk, oi 
Wooster, Ohio, March 27, 1865. 



136 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM 
W. AVERELL, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain and Brevet Major-Genera] William W. 
Averell was burn in New York and graduated from 
the Military Academy July 1, 1855. He was pro- 
moted brevet second lieutenant of the Mounted Ri- 
fles same day, and served at Jefferson Barracks, Mis- 
souri, until 1S56, when he was ordered to the School 
for Practice at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, having been pro- 
moted second lieutenant Mounted Riflemen May 1, 
1856. In 1857 he was on frontier duty, in command of 
an escort to the commanding general of the Depart- 
ment of New Mexico, and the same year was scouting, 
from fort Craig, and engaged in a skirmish with Kiowa 
Indians near Fort Craig December 7, 1857. He was on 
the Navajo expedition in [858, and engaged in a skirmish 
in Chusca Valley September 29; a skirmish with Kya- 
tano's band October 1 ; and skirmish at the Puerco of 
the West October S, 1858, where he was severely 
wounded in a night attack on the soldiers' cam)). Ik- 
was at Fort Craig until granted .1 sick leave, which sepa- 
rated him from his duties until 1861. 

Lieutenant Averell was bearer of despatches to Colonel 
Emory, at Fort Arbuckle, Indian Territory, April and 
May, 1861, and on returning to Washington he was then 
promoted first lieutenant Third Cavalry. He was de- 
tailed on mustering duty at Elmira, New York, to fuly, 
when he was made acting assistant adjutant-general of 
General A. Porter, at Washington, participating in the 
Manassas campaign, and engaged at the battle of First 
Bull Run, July 21, [861. 

Having been appointed colonel of the Third Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry August [3, [ 861, he was in command of 
a cavalry brigade in front of the defences of Washington 
(which was the first cavalry brigade of the war) to March, 



1862, when he led the advance on Manassas, and subse- 
quently participated in the Peninsular campaign, being 
engaged in the siege- of Yorktown, battles of Williams- 
burg, Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, where he commanded 
the rear-guard (see " Battles and Leaders of the War"), 
and skirmishes at Sycamore Church August 2, and at 
White Oak Swamp August 5, 1862. On the 17th of 
Juh - , 1862, he was promoted captain Third Cavalry. 

Appointed brigadier-general of volunteers September 
26, iSC'ij. He was engaged in scouting and skirmishing 
on the Upper Potomac until the 31st of October, when 
he participated in the march back to the Rappahannock 
River, being engaged, en route, in skirmishes along the 
Blue Ridge, at Upperville, Markam, Corbins' and Gaines' 
Cross-Roads, and Amissville. He then participated in 
the Rappahannock campaign of 1862—63, and was en- 
gaged in the battle of Fredericksburg, and as com- 
mander of the Second Cavalry Division in the skirmish 
at Hartwood Church, action at Kelly's Ford, the first 
considerable cavalry battles of the war. He commanded 
one of the two divisions of cavalry engaged in the Stone- 
man raid, and drove the enemy's cavalry towards Gor- 
donsville, while Buford with Stoneman reached the 
enemy's rear. 

( reneral Averell was placed in command of the 
Fourth Separate Brigade May 16, 1863, and commanded 
in all the engagements of the brigade, which was increased 
to a division of three brigades cavalry and one infantry, 
in the West Virginia operations, defeating the intrenched 
rebel army of West Virginia at Droop Mountain, and 
driving the enemy out of the State. In the winter of 
1863-64 he made the raid to the Tennessee Railroad, 
destroying it and General Longstreet's supplies, from 
December 8 to 25 ,1863. He was in the West Virginia 
operations, commanding the Second Cavalry Division, 
in [864, commanding in all the actions and combats, 
raids and skirmishes, and defeated Ramseur's division 
at Carter's Farm July 20. He fought the combats at 
Winchester and Moorfield, and skirmishes at Bunker 
Hill and Martinsburg, and participated in the battles ol 
( Ipequon and Fisher's Hill, and action at Mount Jackson, 
September 23, 1864. 

He was brevetted for gallant and meritorious services, 
as follows: Major, for the battle of Kelly's Ford, Vir- 
ginia; lieutenant-colonel, for the action at Droop Moun- 
tain, Virginia; colonel, for the Salem expedition in Vir- 
ginia ; brigadier-general, for the field during the war of 
the Rebellion; major-general, for the battle of Moor- 
field, Virginia. General Averell resigned from the army 
May 18, 1865, and was appointed United States Consul- 
General to British North America at Montreal in 1866. 
By act of Congress of August 1, 18S8, he was restored 
to his grade of captain in the army and placed upon the 
retired list August 17 of that year. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'37 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL JUDSON 
KILPATRICK. U.S.A. 

Captain and Brevet Major-General Judson Kil- 
pAtrick was born in New Jersey, and graduated at the 
Military Academy May 6, 1861. He was promoted 
second lieutenant, First Artillery, the same day, and was 
appointed captain of the Fifth New York Infantry May 9, 
1861. He joined his volunteer regiment at Fort Schuyler, 
and was ordered to Fort Monroe, Virginia, from which 
point he participated in the expedition to Big Bethel, and 
was engaged in the action at that place June 9 and 10, 

1 861, where he was wounded. He was on sick-leave of 
absence to Jul)- 30, and then on recruiting service to 
August 14, 1 861, when he resigned his volunteer com- 
mission. 

He was promoted first lieutenant of the First Ar- 
tillery May 14, 1 86 1, and again appointed to the 
volunteer service September 25, 1861, as lieutenant- 
colonel of the Second New York Cavalry, which regiment 
he assisted in organizing and commanding, and in Feb- 
ruary, 1862, was ordered to accompany Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Lane's expedition to Texas, as chief of artillery ; 
but, it being abandoned, he returned to his regiment at 
Arlington, Virginia. 

He was appointed lieutenant-colonel (staff aide-de- 
camp) January 29, 1862, and participated in the operations 
of the Department of the Rappahannock, 1862, being 
engaged in skirmishes near Falmouth, Virginia ; move- 
ment to Thoroughfare Gap, raids on railroads, and skir- 
mish at Carmel Church July 23, 1862. Following this, 
he participated in all the campaigns with the Army of 
the Potomac until 1864, when he was transferred to the 
Western army. 

He was promoted colonel of the Second New York 
Cavalry December 6, 1862, and brigadier-general of 
volunteers June 13, 1863, and was in command of a 
cavalry brigade, after participating in the battle of 
Manassas, in an expedition to Leesburg September 19, 

1862. He was on leave of absence and on recruiting 
service tn January 2J , 1863, when he rejoined his com- 
mand (the cavalry brigade) and participated in Stone- 
man's raid towards Richmond, and engaged in the 
combat of Beverly Ford. 

In the Pennsylvania campaign General Kilpatrick 
commanded a cavalry division, and was engaged in the 
action of Aldie, skirmishes at Middleburg, Upperville, 
Hanover, Hunterstown, and battle of Gettysburg; and, 
while pursuing the enemy back to Virginia, constant 
fighting at Monterey, Smithsburg, Hagerstown, and Fall- 
ing Waters, in July, 1863. 

After a short leave of absence he commanded a cavalry 

division in the operations in Central Virginia, being 

engaged in the expedition to Hartwood Church, to 

destroy the enemy's gun-boats " Satellite" and " Reliance," 

18 




in the Rappahannock, August 14, 1863, with actions 
at Culpeper, Somerville Ford, Liberty Mills, James 
City, Brandy Station, and Gainesville, in September 
and October, [863. He was in command of a cav- 
alry division in the spring of 1S04, and participated in 
the raid to Richmond and down the Virginia Penin- 
sula, being engaged in the action at Ashland and numer- 
ous skirmishes, with much destruction of the enemy's 
property. 

General Kilpatrick was then transferred to the Western 
army, and assigned to the command of the Third Cavalry 
Division, Army of the Cumberland. He participated in 
the invasion of Georgia, and was engaged in the action 
of Ringgold and operations about Dalton, where he was 
severely wounded, and compelled to leave the field. But 
he returned July 22, 1864, and, in command of his divi- 
sion, was engaged in guarding General Sherman's com- 
munications and making raids, with constant heavy 
skirmishes with the enemy ; and in the " march to 
the sea," in actions at Lovejoy, Walnut Creek, Sylvan 
Grove, Rocky Creek, Waynesborough, Salkehatchie, 
Monroe's Cross-Roads, Raleigh, and Morristown, April 
13, 1865. 

He was promoted captain First Artillery, November 
50, 1864, and was brevetted from major to major-general 
in the regular army for gallant and meritorious services, 
and was appointed major-general of volunteers June iX, 
1865. He was in command of the Third Division of the 
Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi, from 
April 26 to June 13, 1865, and on leave of absence and 
awaiting orders until he resigned. 

He resigned his volunteer commission January I, 1866, 
having been appointed United States Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Chili in 1865. 
He resigned his commission as captain First U. S. Artil- 
lery, October 15, 1867. 



i3» 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL CHARLES 
EDWARD HOVEY, U.S.V. 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Charles 
Edward Hovey grewupon a farm in Thetford, Vermont, 
where he was born April 26, [827. He was the ninth in 
a family of seven buys and four girls. He graduated 
from Dartmouth College as a Bachelor of Arts in 1852, 
and thereafter engaged in educational work up to August, 
[86] ; in military service to May, 1863 ; in seeking resto- 
ration of impaired health to 1869; and in the practice of 
law since, to (892. 

1 lis first work, after graduation from college, was done in 
Framingham, Massachusetts, as principal of the Academy 
and I ligh School ; his next in Peoria, Illinois, as principal of 
a boys' school, and as superintendent of public schools. 
While in Peoria he served one year as president of the 
State Teachers' Association, then as now an influential 
body, and two years as editor of its organ, The Illinois 
Teacher. His last educational work, except as a trustee 
of the public schools in the District of Columbia, was 
done .is president of the Normal University of Illinois, 
a State institution for the education and training of 
teachers. Here he became widely known and influential 
in his profession. 

During the summer vacation of [861 Hovey went to 
Washington City and was a looker-on at tlie first battle 
of Hull Run, where he became so stirred up by its result 
that he hurried home and enlisted for the war, along with 



two companies from his own students and eight com- 
panies from the students and their friends, of other 
colleges and schools in the State. These volunteers ren- 
dezvoused at Camp Butler, and by a vote recommended 
private Hovey for colonel of their regiment, the Thirty- 
third Illinois Infantry, and he was so appointed, to rank- 
as such officer from August 15, 1861. 

I lis first engagement was in the battle of Frederick- 
town in Missouri, and his first experience in constructing 
defensive works was in building "Fort Hovey," at the 
outpost, south of Pilot Knob, between the villages of 
[ronton and Arcadia, lie won his promotion from colo- 
nel to brigadier-general at the battle of Cache River, at 
Hill's plantation, near Cotton Plant in Arkansas, where 
his advance, about five hundred strong, having run up 
against Rust's rebels, about five thousand strong, and 
been driven back, was hurriedly reformed, part of them 
in ambush, and utterly defeated the whole attacking part}-. 
They fled from the field in great disorder, and did not 
stop running until they had placed White River between 
themselves and their pursuers. One report says, "The 
rebels did not stop running until the)- had gone eight 
miles south of Little Rock." The official Union report, 
General Steele's, says, " Colonel Hovey advanced with 
eight companies of infantry of his own brigade, and one 
small steel gun, anil encountered the enemy in consider- 
able force. A fierce engagement ensued, in which the 
enemy was defeated and totally routed, with heavy loss 
on his part." The official rebel report, General Hind- 
man's, says, " General Rust's force amounted to about 
fixe thousand effectives. . . . Curtis's advance crossed 
Cache River and attacked General Rust, whose command, 
after an engagement of about thirty minutes, retreated in 
great disorder across White River." 

It may be that the decisive part of the engagement did 
not last more than "about thirty minutes," as General 
Hindman says, but the battle began about one o'clock 
P.M., and the pursuit did not end till dark. 

General Hovey commanded the brigade on the extreme 
left, next to Haines's Bluff, in Sherman's assaults on Vicks- 
burg Heights from Chickasaw Bayou in December, 1862, 
and the brigade on the extreme right of the Union forces 
at the capture of Arkansas Post in January, 1863, where 
he was twice wounded 

He was brevetted a major-general, to rank from March 
13, 1865, for " gallant and meritorious conduct in battle, 
particularly at Arkansas Post, January 1 1, 1863." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



■39 



CAPTAIN F. AUGUSTUS SCHERMERHORN, U.S.V. 

Captain F. Augustus Schermerhorn is descended 
from one of the oldest and most respected of the New 
York families. He was born in New York City, Novem- 
ber i, 1844, and entered the Freshman class of Columbia 
College in October, 1861, but remained only a short 
time, and left that institution for the purpose of preparing 
more particularly to enter the United States Military 
Academy at West Point, to which he then had some hopes 
of receiving an appointment. 

Being disappointed in this matter, and feeling as if he 
desired to serve his country in some capacity, he entered 
the volunteer service when he was twenty years of age, 
and was commissioned second lieutenant of the ( >ne 
Hundred and Eighty-fifth Regiment New York In- 
fantry, December 27, 1864; but he was newer mustered 
as such. 

He was, however, mustered as first lieutenant of Com- 
pany C, One Hundred and Eighty-fifth New York Infan- 
try, January 25, 1865. Joining his company, he served 
in the field with the Army of the Potomac during the 
memorable campaign of 1865, and was detailed as aide- 
de-camp to Brevet Major-General Charles Griffin, com- 
manding the First Division of the Fifth Army Corps, and 
subsequently the corps. 

He was mustered out of service May 30, 1865, and was 
brevetted captain " for gallant conduct at the battle of 
Five Forks, Virginia, April 1, 1865." 

On returning from the seat of war, Captain Schermer- 
horn entered the School of Mines of Columbia College, 




in October, 1805, and graduated in 1868, receiving the 
degree of E. M. (Engineer of Mines). 

Since the close of the war he has served his term ot 
seven years in the National Guard of the State of New- 
York, filling the positions of private, corporal, sergeant, 
and first lieutenant of Company K, Seventh Regiment, 
National Guard, State of New York. 

Captain Schermerhorn is now, and has been since 1877, 
a trustee of Columbia College, and a manager, as well as 
the recording secretary, of the New York Institution for 
the Blind. He is also a member of the Military Order 
of the Loyal Legion of the United States. 



140 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY [volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL A. B. NETTLETON, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Alured Bayard Net- 
tleton was born, and lived until the age of fifteen, on 
the farm of his father, Hiram Nettleton, in Berlin, Dela- 
ware County, < )hio. He is descended from John Nettle- 
ton, who emigrated from the neighborhood of Kenil- 
worth, England, in 1662, and who was one of the founders 
of the plantation or settlement of Killingworth, Middlesex 
County, Connecticut, in 1663. Newport, New Hampshire, 
was subsequently the home of his more immediate ances- 
tors. ( >n the side of his mother, Lavina Janes (or Jaynes), 
the direct line includes Lieutenant Elijah Janes, who served 
in the Revolutionary army from 1777 to 1782, having en- 
listed at the age of seventeen, and been severely wounded 
in one of the engagements which preceded the surrender 
of Burgoyne. 

Upon the outbreak of the war for the Union in April, 
1861, young Nettleton, then a student at ( (berlin College, 
enlisted in a company of students, whose services were .it 
once tendered to the government; but Ohio's first quota 
being already full, their acceptance was deferred. Follow- 
ing the battle of Bull Run, in July, [861, he volunteered 
as a private soldier in the Second Ohio Cavalry, then or- 
ganizing at Camp Wade in Cleveland. Chosen first lieu- 
tenant by his company, he went to the field in the autumn 
of 1861, and served at the front from that time until June 
15.1 865, following the surrender of the Confederate armies. 
With his regiment he served in fourteen States and one 
Territory, campaigning from the Indian Territory to the 
Virginia coast. Me shared in seventy-two battles and 
minor engagements, including Grant's campaign of the 
Wilderness, the siege of Richmond, and Sheridan's hat- 
ties of the Shenandoah, having four horses shot in action. 
He was successively promoted in the field to the rank of 



captain, major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel of his regi- 
ment, and was brevetted brigadier-general by the Presi- 
dent for gallant service rendered in Sheridan's historic 
campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864, at the age 
of twenty-five. He served successively under Schofield, 
Burnside, Sheridan, Meade, and Grant, and in the cavalry 
division of Maji ir-< reneral Custer. The last-named officer, 
in writing, on one occasion during the war, to the gov- 
ernor of Ohio, said : 

" I have been in command of the Third Cavalry Divi- 
sion nearly ten months; during the entire period the 
Second Ohio Cavalry has been under the command of 
Colonel Nettleton, under whose brave and skilful man- 
agement it has achieved a reputation for courage and 
efficiency second to none other in the service. I consider 
Colonel Nettleton as without a superior in this army as 
regards the necessary qualifications of a good cavalry 
commander." 

In January, 1863, he was married to Miss Melissa Ten- 
ney, of Ohio, by whom he has two daughters and a son. 
On leaving the army he studied law, but shortly followed 
a natural bent and entered journalism, to which he has 
devoted many years of his life, first as editor and part 
owner of the Daily Register of Sandusky, < >hio, and most 
recently as editor and proprietor of the Daily Tribiine of 
Minneapolis, which he established. He has received from 
Oberlin College the degrees of A.B. and A.M., and was 
for twenty years a trustee of that institution. Between 
the years 1870 and 1880, in association with Mr. Jay 
Cooke, he was prominently identified with the projection 
and construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad, 
making his residence in Philadelphia. Since 1880 he has 
been a citizen of Minnesota, from which State he was 
appointed by President Harrison, early in [890, Assistant 
Secretary of the Treasury, which position he holds at 
this writing, November, 1S9J. Preceding and following 
the death of Secretary Windom in January, 1891, General 
Nettleton served for a considerable period as acting Secre- 
tary of the Treasury. He was appointed by the Presi- 
dent in 1890 a member of the board of management of 
the government department of the World's Columbian 
Exposition of (893, and as Assistant Secretary of the 
Treasury has specially represented the government in its 
financial relations to the Exposition. 

While never a candidate or an applicant for public 
office, General Nettleton, believing in the civic duty ot 
political vigilance and activity, has been a steady force in 
political affairs, striving mainly to make the party ot his 
choice successful by thoroughly deserving success. In 
[868 he was a delegate to the National Republican Con- 
vention which placed General Grant in nomination for the 
Presidency the first time. Convinced early in life that 
the saloon with its retinue of evils is the gravest of public 
I perils, he has persistently fought its political aggressions, 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



141 



CAPTAIN GEORGE EVANS DAVIS, U.S.V. 

Captaix George Evans Davis, Tenth Vermont In- 
fantry, was born December 26, 1839, in Dunstable, Mid- 
dlesex County, Massachusetts. He enlisted for three 
months in Burlington, Vermont, April 19, 1861, in Com- 
pany H, First Vermont Infantry ; was in the first battle 
of the war, Big Bethel, Virginia, June 10, 1861, and was 
honorably discharged August 15, 1861. 

Captain Davis re-enlisted in Burlington, Vermont, for 
three years, July 31, 1862, as a private in Company I), 
Tenth Vermont Infantry ; was promoted to second lieu- 
tenant of same company after going into camp, and mus- 
tered September 1, 1862; promoted first lieutenant Jan- 
uary 26, 1863; and captain November 2, 1864, in same 
company, and honorably discharged at close of war, 
June 22, 1S65. 

He was in the battle of Locust Grove, Virginia, Novem- 
ber 27, 1863, and for his bravery was commended in writ- 
ing by his captain. In the First Brigade, Third Division, 
Sixth Corps, 1864, he was in the battles of the Wilder- 
ness, Spottsylvania, North Anna River, Tolopotomy Creek, 
(under constant fire at Cold Harbor, June 6-9,) Monocacy, 
Maryland, July 9; Opequan, September 19 (right ear cut 
open by shell) ; Fisher's Hill, September 22 ; Cedar Creek. 
October 19 (wounded by Minie-ball in left shoulder). In 
the last three battles named he was in command of Com- 
pany H. 

At Monocacy, Maryland, July 9, 1864, he was in com- 
mand of a skirmish-line with two hundred and seventy- 
five men, the only Union troops on the west bank of Mon- 
ocacy River, with orders to defend the railroad bridge. 
General Ramseur's Confederate troops attacked this point 
at 8.30 a.m., and again about 1 1 a.m. with a much larger 
force and greater vehemence, but were repulsed each time. 
This second attack was mainly directed against the right- 
rear of the Union line, the evident intention of the enemy 
being to surprise and capture the force under Captain 
Davis, cross the bridge, turn the right flank of General 
Rickett's division, separate the two wings of General 
Wallace's army, and shorten or terminate the battle. 

Major-General Lew Wallace, writing afterwards to Cap- 
tain Davis of this noon attack, said, " With General Rick- 
etts at my side, on the bluff behind you, I saw the Con- 
federates appear in your front and throw out a line of 
skirmishers. Their movement was like the opening of a 
fan, and when it was finished their line on both flanks was 
much in excess of yours. . . . 

" Your men held their position with great tenacity. I 
remember of telling General Ricketts that I feared you 
were so much absorbed in the contest that the enemy 
would have an opportunity to turn your position, cut 
you off; and while we were speaking about it I saw them 
send a strong detachment behind some trees which inter- 
cepted your view of their operation. Could they have 




Ml 



•*> f 




made the cover, unseen by you, you would have inevit- 
ably gone up. Ricketts and I watched the result with 
intense interest. Fortunately you discovered the move- 
ment in time and changed front. Your management was 
admirable. Rickett's cried out, ' Good for Davis ; he's a 
trump.' and I am still of the same opinion." 

After the second attack Captain Davis and his men 
advanced to the position held in the morning, and tiki not 
leave it till General Wallace ordereda retreat about 5 p.m. 

While crossing the railroad bridge upon the ties, the 
enemy came from both flanks and rear so close they laid 
hands upon five men immediately surrounding Captain 
Davis, and took them prisoners ; as they would not obey 
the order to halt, the enemy were compelled to lay hands 
upon them violently. 

This battle saved Washington by delaying the enemy 
Saturday in action, and part of Sunday to bury the dead 
and care for seven hundred severely wounded men. The 
other two divisions of the Sixth Corps landed in Wash- 
ington Tuesday forenoon, and had to double-quick 
through the city to repel this same enemy at Fort Stevens. 
The battle of Monocacy was none too long ; had it been 
shorter the result might have been different. (See " Re- 
collections of President Lincoln," by L. E. Chittenden; 
and " Vermont in the Civil War," by G. G. Benedict.) 

The War Department sent a medal of honor to Captain 
1 )avis, engraved thus : " The Congress to Capt. George E. 
Davis, Co. D, Tenth Vermont Vols., for distinguished con- 
duct in the battle of Monocacy, Aid., July 9, 1864." 

In March, 1865, before Petersburg, he was severely 
injured in the head and spine, being buried in the ruins of 
a log cabin blown down by a tornado. This kept him 
out of the closing battles of the war, and has caused much 
suffering to the present day. He is now treasurer of the 
Vermont Shade-Roller Company, Burlington, Vermont. 



142 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL LUCIUS E. HUBBARH. 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Lucius F. Hubbard was 
born January 26, 1836, at Troy, New York, the eldest 
sun of Charles F. Hubbard and Margaret, nee Van 
Valkenburg. His father was a descendant of the Hub- 
bard family that emigrated from the mother country 
and settled in New England in [695, his mother corn- 
in,; from the Holland Dutch stock that has occupied the 
valley of the Hudson River since the earliest settlement 
thereof. 

General Hubbard was but three years of age when 
his father died, and at twelve years of age he was sent to 
the academy at Granville, New York, for three years. 
He then left Granville and went to Poultney, Vermont, 
and began an apprenticeship to the tinner's trade, com- 
pleting his apprenticeship at Salem, New York, in 1854. 
He then removed to Chicago, and there worked at his 
trade for three years. In [857 he removed to Red 
Wing, Minnesota, and started the Red Wing Republican. 

In the fall of 1858 he was chosen by the people of 
Goodhue County register oi deeds. In 1861 he was the 
Republican candidate for the State Senate. 

In I (ecember, 1 861, he enlisted as a private in Company 
A, Fifth Minnesota Infantry. The regiment went into 
camp at Fort Snelling,and on the 5th of February, 1862, 
Mr. Hubbard was elected captain, and was, by reason of 
priority of organization, senior officer of that rank. 

'fhe regiment was organized March 20, 1862. Captain 
Hubbard was made lieutenant-colonel. In May follow- 
ing the regiment was ordered Smith, and on the 24th of 
the same month joined the army under General Pope be- 
fore Corinth, Mississippi, and was assigned to the Second 
Brigade, first Division, Army of the Mississippi. 

The regiment was engaged in the battle of Farmington 



four days after its arrival, m\^\ the next day participated 
in the first battle of Corinth, in which Colonel Hubbard 
was severely wounded. 

( )n August 31, 1862, he became a colonel and was en- 
gaged in the battle of Iuka, the second battle of Corinth, 
and the battles of Jackson and Mississippi Springs. In 
the sprint; of 1 863 the Fifth Regiment was transferred to 
the Fifteenth Army Corps, and joined in the siege of 
Vicksburg. It formed a part of the storming column in 
the assault of that city, May 22, 1863, and during the 
siege was almost continually under fire. It was during 
the investment of this city that the regiment, having 
been detailed, fought in the battle of Richmond, Loui- 
siana. 

After the surrender of Vicksburg, July 4, 1863, Colo- 
nel Hubbard was given the command of his brigade, 
which was transferred to the Sixteenth Army Corps in 
March, 1864, to co-operate with General Banks in the Red 
River expedition. After seven battles in Louisiana and 
southern Mississippi, the brigade-fought the battle of Green- 
field, Louisiana, where they defeated and routed the enemy, 
and relieved the Mississippi River from blockade. Re- 
turning to Memphis, his command took part in several 
engagements in the northern part of Mississippi, and 
marched across Arkansas and Missouri to the Kansas 
line in the attempt to attack ami destroy the forces under 
General Price. Colonel Hubbard with his brigade was 
ordered to reinforce General Thomas at Nashville, and 
was engaged in the battle of Nashville, December 15-16, 
I 864, 1 m the latter day being in the first line of the assault- 
ing column, where the whole brigade was badly cut to 
pieces, and Colonel Hubbard, after having two horses 
killed under him, badly wounded. For " conspicuous gal- 
lantry" in the battles of Nashville, Colonel Hubbard was 
brevetted brigadier-general. 

In February, 1865, General Hubbard with his com- 
mand went to Mobile, where he partook in the active' 
operations about that city and Spanish Fort, the Fifth 
Minnesota being the first regiment to enter and take pos- 
session of that fort on its surrender. 

I te was mustered out of service in October, 1865. In 
[866 he engaged in the grain business at Red Wing, and 
afterwards in milling. He projected and secured the 
construction of the Midland Railway from Wabasha to 
Zumbrota, and the Canon Valley Railway from Red Wing 
to Waterv ille. In 1872 and 1874 he was elected as a Re- 
publican to the State Senate. He was one of the arbi- 
trators to settle the dispute between the State and the 
prison contractors, and also one of a commission to in- 
vestigate the State railroad bonds. In 1 881 he was 
elected governor of Minnesota by a majority of twenty- 
seven thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven. He en- 
tered upon his office January IO, 1882, and was re- 
elected in 1883, serving until January, 1887. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'43 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM W. ROLLER, U.S.V. 

Captain William W. Roller was born in Western 
New York, in the town of Gowanda, Erie Count}-, No- 
vember 1, 1S41 ; he enlisted as a private in Company A, 
Sixty-fourth Regiment New York Volunteers, September 
7, 1 86 1. The Sixty-fourth Regiment was attached to the 
First Brigade, First Division, Second Army Corps. 

He was promoted second sergeant November 15, [86] ; 
first sergeant March 1, 1862; sergeant-major July 1, [862; 
was commissioned second lieutenant January 1, 1863; 
first lieutenant March 31, 1863 ; was acting quartermaster 
and adjutant ; captain January 19, 1864. Captain Roller 
took part with his regiment in the Peninsular campaign, 
participating in the siege of Yorktown and the battle of 
Fair Oaks, where he was wounded in the left hand by a 
Minie-ball while charging the enemy's line, the bullet 
striking his musket, shattering his hand, sending the mus- 
ket with force enough against his breast to knock him 
down ; he captured a prisoner and brought him in after 
being wounded. He again joined his regiment at Harri- 
son's Landing, and was engaged in the second Bull Run, 
South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancel- 
lorsville, where he was in command of Company D, and 
had nine men killed and several wounded, and where 
he was again wounded by a Minie-ball through his 
right thigh, and a slight wound in left arm. The Sixty- 
fourth Regiment distinguished itself at Chancellorsville, 
where, in company with four other regiments, it held suc- 
cessfully an advanced line against the persistent attack 
of a large force of the enemy, and the brilliancy of the 
affair became a matter of history. 

He rejoined his regiment before his wound had thor- 
oughly healed, and was made quartermaster for a time, 
after which, being promoted to a captaincy, he was placed 
in command of Company D again, and participated in 
the following battles : Auburn, Bristoe Station, Mine 
Run ; in all the battles of the Wilderness, Morton's Ford, 
Po River, Spottsylvania Court-House, where his regiment 
lost heavily in that memorable charge, his brigade forming 
the front line, striking the bloody angle where the hottest 
work of the war occurred ; North Anna, Tolopotomy, 
Cold Harbor, the assaults on Petersburg; in one of these 
charges in front of Petersburg he had four bullet-holes 
made through his clothes, without a scratch to draw 
blood ; Jerusalem Road, Strawberry Plains, Deep Bot- 
tom, Reams' Station, Weldon Railroad, Hatcher's Run, 
and the siege of Petersburg, with many skirmishes. He- 
was placed in command of Fort Rice (as colonel com- 
manding the regiment) by general orders on October 27, 
1864. 

The Sixty-fourth Regiment is named among the three 
hundred fighting regiments ; had enrolled thirteen hun- 
dred and thirteen men ; lost in killed, wounded, and 
missing, seven hundred and fifty-seven men. 





He was honorably mustered out, at his own request, 
( ictober 30, 1864, near Petersburg, Virginia. 

Captain Roller entered Dartmouth College after his 
discharge from the service, and took a partial course ; he 
then went West .mil engaged in the furniture business at 
Ottawa, Kansas. In June, 1874, he moved to Colorado 
Springs, Colorado, continuing the same business. In 
1 S80 he established himself in the real estate and loan 
business in Salida, Chaffee County, Colorado, where he 
still is. 

He was married February 27, I 87 1 , to Miss Claramond 
M. I [ayes. Arthur H. Roller is the only surviving child 
from this marriage. He lost his wife in 1872. He again 
married, September 24, 1884, Miss Nellie H. Arnold. 
Two sons and one daughter are living, — Douglas A., 
Winfield I., and Nellie E. 

Captain Roller has been very prominent in Masonic 
circles, holding the highest honors in the grand bodies. 
He is an active and influential man in the community in 
which he lives ; always foremost in every enterprise of a 
public nature. He is a leader among men, and his in- 
fluence is always on the side of right and morality. 

He is a member of the Loyal Legion, Colorado Com- 
mandery ; was made a Mason in Phoenix Lodge, No. 262, 
New York, in 1865 ; a Royal Arch Mason in Forestville 
Chapter, No. 1 36, Perrysburg, New York, 1S66; created 
a Knight Templar in Canon City Commandery, No. 9, 
Canon City, Colorado ; Scottish Rite Mason, 32 , Colo- 
rado Consistory, January 29, 1889; Shrine, El Jebel 
Temple, A.A.O.N.M.S., December 10. 1889; Worshipful 
Master of Salida Lodge, No. 57, for one year ; High 
Priest of Salida Chapter, No. 17, two years; the present 
Eminent Commander of Salida Commandery, No. 1 7 ; 
Grand High Priest of the Royal Arch Chapter; also 
Grand Marshal of the Grand Lodge. 



144 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




CAPTAIN LOUIS PHILIPPE (Comte de Paris), U.S.V. 

Captain Louis Philippe, Comte de Paris, was born in 
[838. He is the son of Louis Philippe, who was king of 
France from 1830 to 1848, and grandson of Philippe 
Egalite, who perished on the scaffold in 1793, and is, 
through the Bourbons, the legitimate king of France. 
The noble family of Bourbon, from which so many Euro- 
pean kings have sprung, took its name from the rich district 
in the centre of France called the Bourbonnais, which, in 
the tenth century, was one of the three great baronies of the 
kingdom. The first of the long line of Bourbons known 
in history was Adhemar or Aimar, who was invested 
with the barony towards the close of the ninth century. 
In 1272, Beatrix, daughter of Agnes of Bourbon, and her 
husband, |ohn of Burgundy, married Robert, Count of 
Clermont, sixth son of Louis IX. (St. Louis), of France. 

Louis, Count of Vendome and Chartres, became the 
ancestor of the royal house of Bourbon, and through 
Antoine de Bourbon (who afterwards became king of 
Navarre), and his wife, Jeanne d'Albret, the subsequent 
kings of France descended. 

In the fall of 1861 the Prince de Joinville, of France, 
accompanied by Louis Philippe (Comte de Paris) and 
Count Robert d'Orleans, came to this country to make 
observations upon the Civil War. The)- were well re- 
cei\ ed at the head-quarters of the army, then commanded 
by General McClellan, who thus speaks of them in his 
report on the operations of the Army of the Potomac from 
July 27, 1 N< > 1 , to \o\ ember 9, I 862 : 

" My personal staff, when we embarked for the Penin- 
sula, consisted of Colonel Thomas M. Key, . . . Captains 
Louis Philippe and Robert d'< >rleans, additional aides de- 



camp. To this number I am tempted to add the Prince 
de Joinville, who constantly accompanied me through the 
trying campaign of the Peninsula, and frequently rendered 
important services. . . . All of these officers served me 
with great gallantry and devotion ; they were ever ready 
to execute any service, no matter how dangerous, diffi- 
cult, or fatiguing." 

When the Army of the Potomac made its advance on 
the enemy, under General McClellan, in the spring of 
1 862, Captains Louis Philippe (Comte de Paris) and Robert 
d'< (rleans, went out with Stoneman's cavalry on a recon- 
noissance ti > and beyond Manassas. Upon reaching Cedar 
Run the troops ran against the enemy in force, which 
compelled the Union cavalry to retreat. They were fol- 
lowed up sharply by the enemy, and upon reaching Bull 
Run that stream was found to be so much swollen by 
recent rains as to be unfordable ; in fact, it was a roaring 
torrent. General Stoneman was much exercised at the 
fact of having these French princes on his hands, whom, 
with his entire force, was liable to capture or possibly 
death, and, while holding the enemy at bay, managed to 
get a rope across the stream. Securing the cable thus 
formed, the two princes were swung across the stream, 
and were thus extricated from the predicament in which 
they were placed. Having secured their safety, General 
Stoneman was much relieved, and subsequently manoeu- 
vred his command so as to evade capture. 

General P". J. Porter, in his report of the battle of 
Gaines's Mill, says, " I beg leave also to express my 
thanks for the service rendered during part of the engage- 
ment by the aides of the major-general commanding . . . 
Captains Louis Philippe and Robert d'Orleans, whose 
courage and energy were conspicuous among many brave 
men on that day's field." 

About the time it was determined that no farther 
advance should be made on the Peninsula by the Army 
of the Potomac, the French princes were called home, 
and they departed from 1 [arrison's Landing, on the James 
River, with manv - expressions of regret from the American 
officers with whom they had served, and who will always 
maintain the highest regard for them. 

The Comte de Paris returned to the United States for 
a short period in the winter of 1890-91, and was tendered 
a banquet in New York City by a number of the officers 
o| Ins acquaintance in the old Army of the Potomac, and 
was highly delighted at meeting his old friends, and at the 
generous treatment he received at their hands. 

During the years that have intervened since the war, 
the count has made a thorough study of the Civil War 
in America, and has written a history of the same, which 
is not yet completed. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



145 



COLONEL WILLIAM ALLEN HUNTLEY SILLOWAYE, 

u.s.v. 

Colonel William Allen Huntley Sillowaye was 
born in Vermont ; worked on a farm and attended public 
schools till he was thirteen years of age, when he learned 
the printer's profession, and subsequently the intricate man- 
ufacture and running of locomotives. During these years 
he wrote for the press and devoted his spare time to study. 
In 1855 he went to England, and was employed at Oxford 
on Homan's Greek Bible, and other works in different lan- 
guages. 

In 1859 he married the third daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Rlakie, and niece of Sir Richard Houghton. In 
i860 he returned to the United States and settled down as 
editor ami proprietor of a weekly newspaper. When the 
President called for volunteers he went to Washington and 
offered his services to the President; was sworn in April 
19, 1 861, assigned to duty as an engineer. In 1862 hew. is 
assigned, by request, to the staff of General McClellan .is 
lieutenant-colonel, and was often employed on special duty. 
While doing duty on the Peninsula he entered the city <>l 
Richmond, ascertained the strength of the Confederates, 
and gained such important information that General Mc- 
Clellan asked for twenty-five thousand fresh troops. Had 
these been given, the city of Richmond could have easily 
been captured and held. Colonel Sillowaye participated 
in destroying the White House and stores, and took 
part in the battles of May 31 up to June 2j. June 27 
he was wounded, and for a time was in hospital. Sep- 
tember 14 he was severely wounded in a charge at South 
Mountain. 

In October, when near Point Tobacco, he was captured 
and taken to Libby Prison, where he remained fourteen 
days, when he was exchanged through an error in name. 
Prom this time up to February 14, 1863, when he resigned, 
he was detailed for duty in and around Washington, having 
served nearly two years without any pa) - or reward. Feb- 
ruary 14, 1863, Colonel Sillowaye was appointed an acting 
first assistant engineer, temporary service, in the United 
States Navy, being attached to the " Brooks," the " River 
Queen," and other transport vessels on the Potomac River. 
About the middle of Ma}-, 1863, President Lincoln went 
down to City Point with others from the North. The next 
day when returning, as the vessel passed Point Tobacco, 
about dusk, a Confederate battery on the Virginia shore 
opened upon the " Brooks," and she was disabled from a 
shot striking her left paddle-wheel, and unable to pro< - :ei I 
Soon a boat was seen to leave the Virginia shore, heading 
for the vessel. At once all was commotion, and Captain 
Brooks knew not what to do. But Colonel Sillowaye at 
once had a boat lowered and manned, the President placed 
therein, and rowed to a place of safety on the Maryland 
shore. 

When the boat's crew reached the vessel the}' de- 
19 







clared the President was on board, and after a search, not 
finding him, the}- vented their vengeance upon unarmed 
citizens and sick soldiers, wounding several, and finally left, 
swearing vengeance upon the North. Then a band of fully- 
armed men, under command of Colonel Sillowaye, took 
the President up the river in an open boat until they sighted 
a tug, to which Mr. Lincoln was transferred and taken to 
Washington, the whole affair being kept as quiet as pos- 
sible, so as not to alarm the country. A few days later 
the then Lieutenant-Colonel Sillowaye received a full 
commission as colonel, and letters from President Lin- 
coln, Secretaries Stanton and Welles. Secretary Stanton 
wrote : " The President believes that you, under the guid- 
ance of Providence, saved him from capture, if not instant 
death, and has ordered that special record be made of your 
service upon the records of the War Department, and that 
when peace again comes to our land you will surely be 
rewarded," etc. Secretary Welles wrote : " In a conference 
with the President and Secretary Stanton to-day, in refer- 
ence to your valuable service of Wednesday last, it was 
proposed to promote you to the rank of chief engineer, 
which will be done as soon as a vessel, now fitting out, is 
ready; and we extend to you our heartfelt thanks, and 
believe us when we say we consider you to be as great a 
hero as any in the service, and special mention of service 
o-oes on record in both departments." The President's 
letter is held most sacred, and none of its contents will be 
revealed while Colonel Sillowaye lives. May 23, 1863, 
Colonel Sillowaye was ordered to the " Princess Royal," 
a captured blockade-runner, and sailed f< >r the Rio Grande, 
doing duty along the coast, etc., on which vessel he served 
as first assistant engineer until he was ruptured (right 
hernia) on the 24th of July, 1 865, when he was detached 
from that vessel, given a leave of absence, and was honor- 
ably discharged October 28, 1865. 



146 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM 
B. FRANKLIN, U.S.A. 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General William B. 
Franklin was born in Pennsylvania, and graduated at 
the Military Academy July I, 1843. He was promoted 
brevet second lieutenant of the Topographical Engi- 
neers in [845 ; he was detailed as topographical officer on 
General Kearney's expedition to the South Pass of the 
Rocky Mountains, in the same year. 

Promoted second lieutenant in the same corps Septem- 
ber 21, 1S46, he served in the war with Mexico, partici- 
pating in General Wool's march through Coahuila during 
[846—47, being engaged in the battle of Buena Yista 
February jj, 2}, 1 S47, and brevetted first lieutenant for 
this engagement "for gallant and meritorious conduct." 

On July 2t, 1X4.X, Lieutenant Franklin was ordered to 
the Military Academy as assistant professor of natural 
and experimental philosophy, which he retained until 
[anuary 9, 1852. 

Me was promoted first lieutenant March 3, [853, and 
captain in his corps July 1, 1857, was secretary of the 
Light-House Board from March 3, [857, until November 
1, 1859, when he was detailed as superintending engineer 
in charge of the extension of the capitol (including the 
new dome), and of the General Post-Office at Washing- 
ton, D. C, until March 3, 1861, when he was made chief 
of the Construction Bureau of the L T . S. Treasury De- 
partment and superintending engineer of the Treasury 
Building Extension until May 14, 186 1, at which date 
he was appointed colonel of the Twelfth United States 
Infantry. 

Colonel Franklin was appointed brigadier-general of 
volunteers May 17, [861, and was engaged at New York 
City until June 30, [861, in receiving and forwarding 
volunteers. He then entered the field, and was in com- 
mand of a brigade in the Manassas campaign, being 



engaged in the battle of first Bull Run July 21, 1861. 
He was placed in command at Alexandria, Virginia, 
August 1, 1861, and from September 1, 1861, to March, 
1862, was in command of a division in the defences of 
Washington. He entered on the Peninsular campaign 
with the Army of the Potomac, in command of a divi- 
sion, in March, 1862, and was assigned to the command 
of the Sixth Army Corps in the following May, which 
he retained until August, 1862, being engaged in the 
siege of Yorktown, combat of West Point, Virginia (in 
command); action at Golding's Farm, battle of White 
( )ak Bridge, battle of Savage Station, battle of Malvern 
Hill, and skirmish at Harrison's Landing. 

Appointed major-general of volunteers July 4, 1802, 
and participated in the Maryland campaign, being en- 
gaged (in command) at the battle of Crampton's Gap, 
South Mountain; and was also engaged at the battle of 
Antietam, September 17, 1862. After McClellan's re- 
lief from the command of the Army of the Potomac, he 
was placed in command of the Left Grand Division 
(First and Sixth Corps) of the Army of the Potomac to 
January 24, [863, having been engaged in the battle of 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 1 1-14, 1862 ; was on 
waiting orders to June 27, 1863, when he was ordered 
to the Department of the Gulf, being in command of the 
troops in and about Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to August 
15, 1 86 ^ , when he commanded the expedition to Sabine 
Pass, Texas, and was in command of the Nineteenth 
Army Corps, anil of the troops in Western Louisiana, 
and took part in the Red River Expedition, being en- 
gaged in the battle of Sabine Cross- Roads, April 8, 
1864, where he was wounded, but, continuing on duty, 
was in the battle of Pleasant Hill, April 9, 1S64, and 
action of Monette's Crossing of Cane River, April 2}, 
[864. 

While on sick-leave from April 29 to December 2, 

1864, he was captured by rebel raiders in the Philadel- 
phia and Baltimore Railroad cars, July- 11, 1864, but 
escaped during the next night ; was president of board 
for retiring disabled officers, at Wilmington, to Novem- 
ber 10, 1865, when he was granted leave of absence to 
March 15, 1866, when he resigned from the army, 
having resigned his volunteer commission November 10, 

1865. March 13, 1865, he was brevetted major-general 
U. S. Army " for gallant and meritorious services in the 
field during the Rebellion." 

LTpon entering civil life, General Franklin became gen- 
eral agent of Colt's Fire-Arms Mf. Co., at Hartford, Conn., 
from November 15, 1865. He is the only citizen of the 
United States upon whom has been conferred the French 
decoration of " Grand Officio- de la Legion d' Honneur." 
Has been president of the Board of Managers of the 
National House for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers since 
April 21, 1880. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'47 



BREVET COLONEL HAMPTON SIDNEY THOMAS, 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Colonel Hampton Sidney Thomas was born 
in Quakertown, Bucks Count}', Pennsylvania, November 
3, 1837, being a son of Benjamin F., and grandson of 
Dr. David Thomas, of Chester County, Pennsylvania ; 
his mother was a daughter of Jesse Baker, of Loudoun 
County, Virginia, and her mother was Gertrude Bullman, 
a daughter of Judge Bullman, of Phillipsburg, New Jer- 
sey, and of Revolutionary fame. 

When Governor Curtin issued his call for volunteers, 
April 18, 1 86 1, Colonel Thomas joined a company of 
soldiers at West Chester, Pennsylvania. He was mustered 
in April 22, 1861, for three months, and his company was 
assigned to the Ninth Pennsylvania Infantry. His first 
promotion was that of corporal. Two days before he was 
mustered out of the infantry he enrolled himself in a corn- 
pan}- of cavalry, and was made a sergeant ; this company 
was assigned to the First Pennsylvania Cavalry He 
was then promoted second lieutenant, and a short time 
afterwards first lieutenant. He was detailed by Colonel 
Bayard as acting adjutant of the regiment, and in the 
spring of 1862 was appointed acting assistant adjutant- 
general of Bayard's brigade of cavalry, the first brigade 
of cavalry organized in the Army of the Potomac or in 
the U. S. Arm}'. When Colonel Bayard was appointed 
brigadier-general, May 1, 1862, Thomas was appointed 
captain. 

He commanded his squadron until April, 1S63, when 
he was appointed one of the assistant inspectors of 
cavalry, and assigned to the staff of General D. McM. 
Gregg. He remained on staff duty until October, 1864, 
when he was ordered to command his regiment, which 
then numbered about five hundred men, mostly veterans. 
Colonel Thomas's first engagement was at Falling Waters, 
Virginia, July 1, 1861. He was subsequently engaged at 
Dranesville, Virginia, November i~j and December 20, 
1 86 1 ; at Falmouth, Harrisonburg, Cross-Keys, Cedar 
Mountain, Brandy Station (slightly wounded), Beverly 
Ford, Waterloo Bridge, Thoroughfare Gap, Gainesville, 
Second Bull Run (slightly wounded), Rappahannock Sta- 
tion, and Fredericksburg, December 11, 12, 1862. In 
1863 was engaged in Stoneman's raid, Brandy Station, 
Rappahannock Station, Beverly Ford, Aldie, Upperville, 
Ashby's Gap, Middleburg, Gettysburg, second and third 
days (slightly wounded), Fairfield, Shepherdstown, Cul- 
peper, Raccoon Ford, Jeffersonton, Warrenton, Sulphur 
Springs, Auburn (was severely injured), Mine Run, and 
New Hope Church. In 1 864 was engaged at Todd's Tav- 
ern, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Sheridan's raid, Yellow 
Tavern, Richmond Heights, Meadow Bridge, Haws' Shops, 
Barker's Mills, Cold Harbor, Trevillian Station, White 
House, St. Mary's Church, Jones's Bridge, Lee's Mills, 
Deep Bottom, Malvern and Gravel Hills, Strawberry 




Plains, Six-Mile 1 louse, Weldon Railroad, Reams' Station, 
Arthur's Swamp, Hatcher's Run, Davis Farm, Stony Creek 
Station, Bellefield, and Dabney's Mills. In 1865 was en- 
gaged at Dinwiddie Court-House, Five Forks, Chamber- 
lain's bed, and from Paine's Cross-Roads to Jettersville. 
This was a running engagement from sunrise to sunset, and 
he led six charges against the enemy during the da}', losing 
a horse killed in each charge. His command captured 
the celebrated batter}- of Armstrong field-guns and eleven 
rebel battle-flags. Five of the flags were turned over to 
the government, but six were kept by individuals. In the 
last charge at Jettersville on that day, April 5, 1865, he 
had his right foot shot away. At that time his lineal rank 
was that of major. He was brevetted colonel " for great 
gallantry in action." 

General Davies, in his final report of the operations of 
his cavalry from March 28 to the surrender of General 
Fee, says, " Major Thomas, commanding the First Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry, was severely wounded while leading 
his command in a charge at Jettersville, April 5, 1865, 
and has lost a leg from the injury he received. Of this 
officer I cannot speak too highly. Foremost in every 
fight, brave and daring, yet possessed of most excellent 
judgment, his loss to the service is irreparable. In every 
action he was distinguished. The success of the attack 
on the train at Painesville is greatly due to him, and 
with subsequent movements of that day his services 
were most valuable." 

He was mustered out of service in August, 1805. Pie 
was appointed a lieutenant of cavalry in the United States 
Army, and was assigned to the Seventh United St, 
Cavalry, but resigned his appointment on account of his 
wounds not having thoroughly healed. He has been a 
member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion since 
October, 1866. 



[48 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 




SURGEON HENRY 0. MARCY. U.S.V. 

Surgeon Hkxky ( ). Marcy, of Boston, dates back his 
ancestry to the early founders of the colony of Massa- 
chusetts Bay. Great-grandfather and grandfather fought 
side by side in the Revolutionary War, while the father 
served in the War of 1812. 

Dr. Marcy received his classical education atWesleyan 
Academy and Amherst College. He graduated from the 
Medical Department of Harvard University in 1863. In 
May of the same year he was commissioned assistant 
surgeon of the Forty-third Regiment Mass. Volunteers. 
He was stationed at New-Berne, North Carolina. He 
became interested in the experimental efforts being made 
to organize into an active soldiery the slave refugees who 
had accumulated at this place in numbers greatly in excess 
of the demand for labor. 

Dr. Marcy returned to Boston with his regiment at the 
expiration of its term of service, but soon received an 
earnest appeal from General Wilde to accept the position 
as surgeon of the first regiment of colored troops organ- 
ized in North Carolina. This was immediately followed 
by the commission, which by special request from Gen- 
eral Wilde had been sent him direct from the War De- 
partment at Washington. He joined his regiment in 
November, then engaged in the siege of Charleston. The 
contrast between the present and his previous service 
could scarcely in any respect have been more striking. 
The Forty-third, named the "Tigers," was a regiment 
composed of Boston's distinguished citizen soldiery, or- 
ganized for nine months' service, having as its basis one 
ot the State's most favorite militia commanderies. In the 
ranks wen- enlisted representatives of all the professions 
and trades, while every luxury that money could furnish 
was shared in abundance by all. Because of the neglect 
of the laws of hygienic living, the sickness and death-rate 



of the colored troops was frightfully large, and Dr. Marcy 
found himself in the mielst of elifficultics. He at once es- 
tablished a school of cookery, made daily sanitary inspec- 
tion of the camp, and so vigilant was his supervision that 
in a brief space of time every soldier was known to be clean, 
warmly clothed, properly housed, and regularly served 
with well-cooked rations. Dr. Marcy obtained from Bos- 
ton a supply of elementary books, and speedily organized 
the regiment into a primary school. In a few months 
there was scarcely a soldier of the regiment who could 
not read, and many could write fairly well. During the 
winter small-pox broke out in the command, which was 
eradicated only by the most vigorous efforts. Dr. Marcy 
personally vaccinated nearly eight hundred soldiers before 
permitting himself rest or sleep. 

The spring of 1864 found the regiment consigned 
to active service in Florida. The campaign which had 
opened auspiciously terminated in the disastrous battle of 
Honey Hill, where Dr. Marcy was promoted for his effi- 
cient services to brigade surgeon, and soon after to the 
medical directorship of the Department of Florida, serv- 
ing upon the staff of Gen. John P. Hatch. The estab- 
lishment of general hospitals and the organization of dif- 
ferent medical posts in the department made the year 
one of intense activity. The winter and spring of 1865 
were spent in field-service in South Carolina. Upon the 
surrender of Charleston, Dr. Marcy's last military duty 
was the supervision of thoroughly cleaning the city, 
which was so completely executed that the following 
summer was one of exceptional health, alike to civilian 
and soldier. 

Dr. Marcy resumed the practice of medicine in Cam- 
bridge. He spent 1869 and 1870 in Europe. He became 
a pupil of Professor Lister, the founder of the antiseptic 
method of the treatment of wounds, and he was the first 
surgeon to promulgate his teachings in America, which 
he has most enthusiastically advocated, having published 
many elaborate and scientific papers upon antiseptic sur- 
gery. Dr. Marcy established a hospital in Cambridge for 
the better demonstration of these principles, which still 
receives his daily supervision, although he removed his 
residence to Boston. 

Dr. Marcy has been actively interested in all questions 
pertaining to the higher development of his profession 
and its relation to the public welfare. For some years 
he was President of the Boston Gynaecological Society, 
has been President of the American Academy of Medi- 
cine, and was one of the Presidents of the International 
Medical Congress held in Washington in 1887. In 1891 
he was elected President of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation. 

Dr. Marcy is well known as an author, his latest work 
being a large quarto volume upon "The Anatomy and 
Surgical Treatment of Hernia." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



THOMAS EWING. 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Thomas 
Ewing was born at Lancaster, Ohio, August 7, 1839. 
He is the third son of the distinguished statesman and 
lawyer of that name. He graduated at Brown Univer- 
sity and at the Cincinnati Law School. In 1856 he 
married Miss Ellen Cox, a daughter of the Rev. William 
Cox, a graduate of Princeton Seminary distinguished 
for his zeal and eloquence. In 1856 he settled in Kan- 
sas and took a strong hand in defeating the conspiracy ti > 
force the pro-slavery constitution on Kansas. In 1858- 
59 he practised law at Leavenworth in partnership with 
Captain (afterwards General) William T. Sherman and his 
brother, Hugh Ewing. In i860 he was elected chief- 
justice of the Supreme Court of the new State for six 
years, and filled the office with marked ability until 1862, 
when he recruited and was appointed colonel of the 
Eleventh Kansas Infantry. That fall he commanded his 
regiment in the engagements fought by the Army of the 
Frontier in Arkansas ; and for conspicuous gallantry in 
the desperate battle of Prairie Grove was commissioned 
a brigadier-general by special order of President Lin- 
coln. 

In June, 1863, he took command of the District of the 
Border, comprising Western Missouri and Kansas, where 
the smouldering fires of the old free-state struggle had 
burst into furious and insuppressible flames when the great 
war broke out. Outlaws on both sides ravaged the border 
until the Missouri side had been depopulated, wasted, and 
burned to the subsoil. The vendetta reached its climax 
in the horrible massacre at Lawrence, in July, 1863, which 
was followed by Ewing's Order No. 1 1 , compelling the few- 
scattered inhabitants of parts of three border counties of 
Missouri, who were serving as spies and purveyors for 
the guerillas, to move to the nearest military posts or 
eastward from the troubled border. This order was ap- 
proved by General Schofield and President Lincoln. 
Its results were most beneficent. It caused little hard- 
ship to non-combatants, and, the support of the guerillas 
being withdrawn, the ferocious vendetta ended at once 
and forever. 

Early in 1864 General Ewing took command of the 
District of St. Louis, comprising all of Southeast Mis- 
souri. Soon after, General Sterling Price suddenly crossed 
the Arkansas River and invaded Missouri with an army 
of twenty-two thousand men. His objective point was 
St. Louis, which had been stripped of its garrison. Time- 
was indispensable to collect troops to defend St. Louis 
and drive Price from the State. On the 26th of Septem- 
ber, 1864, Ewing was despatched by General Rosecrans, 
then commanding the department, to check and delay 
Price's army, if possible, at the terminus of the Iron 
Mountain Railroad, ninety miles south of St. Louis. 
He collected ten hundred and eighty men and encoun- 



149 




tered Price's advance in a defile of the Boston Mountains, 
four miles south of Pilot Knob. Ewing was slowly 
forced back into Fort Davidson, a small earth-work at 
the end of the railroad. Price thereupon sent Shelby's 
division to cut Ewing off from retreating on St. Louis, 
while with Marmaduke's and Fagan's divisions, on the 
afternoon of the 27th of September, he assaulted the 
fort. He was repulsed with gieat slaughter, leaving on 
the plain more killed and wounded than the entire num- 
ber of Ewing's command. He then placed batteries on 
Shepherd's Mountain, which overhangs the fort, and 
commenced to shell the garrison, — when darkness sus- 
pended the conflict. 

Late that night Ewing spiked his guns, except two 
which he took with him, and, blowing up the magazine, 
slipped through the enemy's lines by an unfrequented 
road and struck out for St. Louis. At daybreak he en- 
countered Shelby's pickets, and thereupon turned west, 
and marching rapidly all night reached a ridge dividing the 
Cortois from the Huzza, where the enemy overtook him 
next morning. With his two field-guns he held the pur- 
suers at bay until dark, when he had to descend to the 
plain. Here he was heavily outnumbered and nearly 
surrounded, but by desperate fighting and marching 
reached Harrison Station, four miles distant, where, 
finding a large quantity of railroad ties, he intrenched 
his command so formidably that night that the next da) 
the enemy abandoned the pursuit. By this campaign he 
so delayed and crippled the invading army as to secure 
the safety of St. Louis, and contribute largely to Price's 
expulsion from the State. 

Since the war General Ewing has been conspicuous at 
the bar and in Congress and as Democratic candidate foi 
governor of Ohio ; for ten years past practising law suc- 
cessfully, chiefly in New York City. 



i;o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY [volunteer) 




About entering into business on his own account when 
the Rebellion broke out, he halted, and his name was the 
first on the rolls of the Second Ohio Cavalry. His regi- 
ment was assigned to the frontier, where Private, Corporal, 
Sergeant, and Lieutenant Pedrick, respectively promoted, 
learned the art of service on the plains in engagements 
with the Creeks, Cherokees, and other tribes who had es- 
poused the Confederate cause. His campaign that year, 
1862, was active ; pitted against Sterling Price in Missouri, 
in larger engagements, Marmaduke in the Indian Terri- 



CAPTA1N WILLIAM F.GLESTON PHDR1CK. U.S.V. 

Captain William Egleston Pedrick's ancestors — 
Pedric — were Anglo-Saxons, and resisted the Norman in- 
vasii m. In New England they antedate the " Mayflower," 
and were fighters in King Philip's war. In the Revolu- 
tionary War they were soldiers in Glover's Marblehead 
Regiment. 

On Sunday, February 26, 1775, while the people of 
Marblehead, Massachusetts, were at church, a transport 
sailed into the harbor.. Soon after, a regiment of British 
soldiers, under command of Colonel Leslie, landed on 
Homer's Peach. After loading their guns they marched 
through town. An alarm-drum was beaten at the door 
of each of the churches, when Major John Pedrick 
mounted a horse, rode to Salem, mustered a part} - of 
young men, and at the North Bridge successfully resisted 
the passage of the British troops, and saved the artillery 
there secreted. In November, 1775, Thomas Pedrick was 
one of a committee to carry into effect a resolution of the 
Continental Congress respecting British importations. 

Major fohn Pedrick was a prosperous merchant before 
the Revolution, llis vessels sailed to nearly every port 
in England, Spain, and the West Indies. He suffered great 
1i^m_s from British cruisers, and furnished the Colonial 
government with large amounts of naval and military 
stores in return for Continental currency, which became 
worthless. The grandfather of the subject of this sketch 
removed from Massachusetts in 1X00. and fought Indians 
and Tories while establishing a colon)- in Pennsylvania. 
His house wis burned and his son killed in its defence. 
Another son, the father of William E. Pedrick, was killed 
l>v an accident, leaving this lad of twelve years to soke 
the problem of existence without a father's care. He re- 
moved to ( )hioand soon learned the trade of a merchant, 
hoping to win a name like his ancestor of Marblehead. 



tory, and Arkansas in lesser ones, and against Ouantrill 
in guerilla warfare. In 1S63 his field was on the Cum- 
berland River, under General Kautz, where Lieutenant 
Pedrick led the advance against Pegram. He followed 
from Sparta, Tennessee, General Morgan, on the latter's 
greatest raid during the war ; participated in the various 
engagements, and led with his company the attack on 
Morgan's pickets that Sunday morning in July, at Buff- 
ington Island, Ohio, which resulted in capturing the 
raider's forces. Returning from this brief but fatiguing 
campaign into Tennessee, he was in the advance before 
Knoxville, followed the enemy, and participated in the 
capture of General Fraser at Cumberland Gap. He was 
in all the forward and back movements of the Federal 
and Confederate forces into Virginia at that point, and was 
assigned by General O. B. Wilcox at Cumberland Gap an 
independent command of cavalry, to operate in the val- 
leys of East Tennessee, and harass straggling forces of 
Longstreet during the siege of Knoxville. Various en- 
counters with Longstreet's men and Wheeler's cavalry 
ensued, with a few engagements during Longstreet's re- 
treat. At this period he received a captain's commission, 
and soon after received a severe wound, disabling him 
from active service. He resigned during the latter part 
of 1864. 

After the war Captain Pedrick returned to Ohio, and 
engaged in farming near the home of General Garfield, 
whose friendship he enjoyed. He subsequently moved 
to Colorado, and became the agent of the Maxwell Land 
Grant Company. I lis duties requiring frequent and ex- 
tensive journeyings on horseback through the several ter- 
ritories, he early became familiar with the resources of the 
country west of the ninety-seventh meridian, and is well 
known throughout the Rocky Mountain region, from 
Montana to the Rio Grande, and from the Missouri to 
the Pacific Coast. His favorite study, geology, with love 
for horse, saddle, and lariat, furnished recreation for him, 
and his practical application of his researches has made 
liis opinions often sought by Eastern capitalists. He has 
been the head of important irrigation enterprises, is famil- 
ial' with the Rocky Mountain coal measures and its pre- 
r nis metals. Captain Pedrick, with his family, resides < n 
an extensive home ranch near Denver, with his business 
head-quarters at Denver and Santa Fe, New Mexico. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



151 



BREVET COLONEL RICHARD L. LEESON, U.S.V. 

Brevet Colonel Richard L. Leeson was born in 
Wayne County, Indiana, and came from military ances- 
try, his father being a lieutenant in Captain Hawkins's 
company, which went from Eaton, Ohio, to the relief of 
Fort Meigs, Ohio, in the war of [812-14 w ' tn Great 
Britain, and was stationed there after the siege was raised, 
subsequently becoming colonel of militia under the first 
military laws of the State of Indiana. He was author of 
a work on military tactics that was a standard work in 
its day. 

The subject of this sketch was appointed second lieu- 
tenant and recruiting officer in July, 1862 ; promoted first 
lieutenant Company C, Sixty-eighth Indiana Infantry, 
August 19, 1862; captain December 27, 1862; and at 
the close of the war was brevetted colonel. He served 
in the campaigns of the Western army, and participated 
in the battles of Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga, Chatta- 
nooga, Orchard Knob, Mission Ridge, Dandridge, East 
Tennessee, and Dalton, Georgia. 

Colonel Leeson, while a captain, commanded the Sixty- 
eighth Indiana Infantry from November 25, 1863, until 
March 1 , 1 864, and was on the grand march for the relief 
of Knoxville, Tennessee, November 26, 27, 1863. 

Colonel Leeson was president of a general court- 
martial at Chattanooga during July and August, 1864, 
and inspector of the post of Chattanooga from Septem- 




ber, 1864, to February, 18(15. He was mustered out ot 
the service June 20, I 865. 

At the close of the war, in 1865, he was appointed as- 
sessor of internal revenue for the Fourth Collection Dis- 
trict, State of Indiana, and served in that capacity for 
four years, when he resigned and entered the mercantile 
business, in which he has been very successful, and attained 
prominence in the business circle of Elwood, Indiana, 
where he now resides, still active!}' engaged in business. 



i;2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL CHARLES CARROLL 
WALCUTT. U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General Charles Carroll Walcutt 
was burn .it Columbus, Ohio, February 12, 1838, son of 
John Macy and Mariel (Brodrick) Walcutt. John Macy 
Walcutt (originally spelled Wolcott) moved to Columbus, 
( Ihio, in 18] 5, from Loudoun County, Virginia. He was 
a soldier in the War of 18 12, and the son of William 
Walcutt, who served as a sergeant under General Mor- 
gan in the War of the Revolution, having left the English 
marine service and enlisted with General Washington at 
Valley Forge. The maternal grandmother of General 
Walcutt was a first cousin of the celebrated David Crock- 
ett. Mariel Walcutt was the mother of eleven children, 
Charles C. being the youngest. William Walcutt, the 
brother of Charles C, was a sculptor, and designed the 
Perry monument at Cleveland, < >hio. 

General Walcutt was educated in the public schools of 
his native city and at the Kentucky Military Institute, 
near Frankfort, Kentucky, from which he graduated in 
June, [858. He then entered upon the avocation of civil 
engineering, and was elected county surveyor of Frank- 
lin County, Ohio, in 1859. On the first call for troops 
in April, [861, he raised a company. In June, 1861, he 
was commissioned major and assigned to duty on the 
staff of General Hill. In August, i86i,he was assigned 
to the 46th ( ). V. Inf. as major; January 30, 1S62, lieu- 
tenant-colonel; October 16, 1862, colonel; and July 30, 
[ 864, brigadier-general for bravery and especial gallantry 
at the battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864. 

General Walcutt's service was with General Sherman, 
and he participated in nearly all of the engagements of 
that command. lie was wounded in the left shoulder at 
Shiloh, and will carry through life the rebel bullet lodged 
there. He was at Vicksburg, Jackson, Mississippi ; Mis- 



sionary Ridge, Kenesaw, relief of Knoxville, Dallas, 
Burnt Hickory, and at Noonday Creek, June 15, 1864, 
his brigade captured a rebel brigade. June 27, in the 
assault on Kenesaw Mountain, Walcutt's brigade led the 
assault in front of the Army of the Tennessee. He was 
slightly wounded and reported killed. On the 22tl of 
July, at the battle of Atlanta, the day General McPhcrson 
was killed. General Walcutt was ordered to retreat, but 
in disobedience of orders he held his position, and thereby 
saved the 17th Corps, and received the thanks of General 
Blair, its commander. He was engaged in the battle of 
Ezra Chapel, July 28 ; at the battles of Jonesborough 
and Lovejoy Station, Ga. He was in command of the 
battle of Griswoldville, the only battle on Sherman's 
inarch to the sea. His command only numbered thir- 
teen hundred men and two pieces of artillery, where he 
met the enemy with ten thousand men and eight pieces 
of artillery under General Smith. After a severe engage- 
ment of five hours the rebels retreated. In this action he 
was severely wounded by a shell, and from that time was 
compelled to be carried in a captured carriage. For spe- 
cial gallantry in this action he was made a major-general 
by brevet. He was assigned to the command of the 1st 
Div., 14th A. C, and participated in the grand review at 
Washington. His command was mustered out at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, in July, 1S65. He was mustered out in 
February, [866. He then took charge of the Ohio Peni- 
tentiary as warden, and after remaining there a few months 
was appointed and accepted a commission as lieutenant- 
colonel of the 10th U. S. Cavalry. He remained in this 
service about six months, then resigned and resumed the 
position of warden, serving until July 1, 1869. In May, 
1 869, he was appointed by General Grant U. S. collector 
of internal revenue, in which capacity he served until 
July, 1883. In .April, 1883, he was elected Mayor of 
the city of Columbus, and re-elected in 1XX5, serving 
with great credit two terms. In 1873 he was elected a 
member of the school-board of Columbus, and was its 
president seven years, and will be a member until the term 
of 1893. He was chairman of the State Republican Com- 
mittee in 1X72-73 ; was one of the Grant electors in 1868. 
He was a candidate for the Legislature in 1891, being de- 
feated by only sixty-four votes ; was a member and presi- 
dent of the Franklin County Agricultural Society for a 
number of years ; is a member of the Loyal Legion ; is 
senior vice-commander, and was one of the charter mem- 
bers of the Ohio Commandery ; is a Knight Templar 
Mason. 

In May, 1 860, he married Miss Phcebe Neil. Three 
children have been born to this union, — Charles C, Jr., 
a graduate of West Point, in the class of 1886, now 
lieutenant of the Eighth Cavalry ; John M., a contractor, 
of Columbus; and Sherman, a medical student in Co- 
lumbus, 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'53 



COMMANDER J. M. FORSYTH, U.S.N. 

Commander James McQueen Forsyth was born on 
Long Island, Bahamas, January i, 1842. He came to 
Philadelphia when eleven years old, and was educated in 
the public schools of that city. At the age of fifteen he 
went to sea in the merchant service, and then, before he 
was twenty years of age, on August 1, 1861, entered the 
naval service as a volunteer, under Commander H. S. 
Stelhvagen, who appointed him second-class pilot for the 
Hatteras Expedition, and who favorably mentioned him 
in his report of the capture of Forts Clark and Hatteras. 
In September, 1 861, he was made acting master's mate, 
and served thenceforth in various grades through the war, 
in the North and South Atlantic and the West Gulf 
Squadrons. 

He was present in the engagements under Farra- 
gut from Forts Jackson and St. Philip to Vicksburg, 
the fight at Grand Gulf, and the engagements with the 
rebel ram " Arkansas." For good service in these actions 
lie was made acting ensign in September, 1 862 ; was then 
attached to the "Water-Witch," " Pawnee," ami monitor 
" Nantucket," of the Soutli Atlantic Squadron ; took part 
in expeditions up St. John's River, and various engage- 
ments with Sumter, Moultrie, and other works at Charles- 
ton. Promoted to acting master August I, 1864. He was 
one of the officers detailed to take North the captured 
rebel ram "Columbia," in May, 1865. From 1865 to 
1868 served as navigator and executive-officer of the 
" Nyack," of the Pacific Squadron. 

Commissioned as master in the regular navy March, 
1868, and as lieutenant December 18, 1868. During 
1868 and 1869 he was executive-officer of the " Pur- 
veyor," on special service. After duty on board the 
receiving-ship " Potomac," he became navigator and 
executive-officer of the iron-clad " Saugus," of the North 
Atlantic Squadron, and then executive-officer of the iron- 
clad " Ajax." He was next stationed at the navy-yard 
at Philadelphia from May, 1871, to December, 1872, and 
then joined the " Supply" as executive-officer. This 
vessel was employed on special service in connection with 
the Vienna Exposition from January to December, 1873. 
For some months after this, Lieutenant Forsyth was 
stationed at the Philadelphia Navy- Yard. From March, 
1874, to February, 1877, he was navigating officer of the 
" Powhatan," North Atlantic Station. Ill health caused 




him to take three months' sick-leave, but he was ordered 
to the course in torpedo instruction that summer, and for 
the rest of 1877 and the whole of 1878 he was on duty 
at League Island. He was promoted lieutenant-com- 
mander May 9, 1878; served as executive-officer of the 
" Constellation" in her special service of Irish relief, 
March to June, 1880, and then w-as for some months 
upon " waiting orders." In 1 88 1, after three months' ser- 
vice in the receiving-ship " Colorado," he was ordered 
to the " Lancaster," of the Mediterranean Squadron, as 
navigating and executive officer, where he remained until 
September, 1884. The " Lancaster" was flag-ship dining 
this period. 

Lieutenant-Commander Forsyth was on leave from 
November, 1884, to April, 1885, when he was ordered to 
League Island as ordnance officer, and remained there 
until June, 1886. At that date he was ordered to the 
U. S. Naval Home as assistant to the executive-officer, 
and remained on that duty until June, 1889. He was 
promoted to be commander February 14, 1889. 

Commander Forsyth was ordered to the command of 
the school-ship "Saratoga," but the orders were revoked 
at his own request, and he was then detailed for the 
command of the " Tallapoosa," of the Brazil Squadron. 
This vessel was condemned and sold on the station in 
the earl_\- spring of 1892, and Commander Forsyth re- 
turned to the United States by mail-steamer. 



'54 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR MATTHKW HENRY PETERS. U.S.V. 

Major Matthew Henry Peters is a native of Rhenish 
Bavaria. He was born June 6, 1843, and while a babe 
was brought to America by his parents, who settled at 
New ( Irleans. There his mother soon afterwards died, 
,iik1 then almost immediately followed the death of his 
two sisters. Thus his father was left in a strange land. 
very poor, with two small boys, and unable to speak the 
languageof thepeople. Yet greater misfortunes awaited 
the boys, for the father died of yellow fever, and they were 
left homeless and friendless. 

After going through many degrading positions into 
which he was enforced by those who took charge of him, 
young IVters ran away and secured employment on a 
Mississippi River boat, which was the turning-point in hi 
life. Here he met Henry S. Roberts, a gentleman who 
was travelling, and he took Peters to his own home in 
( )hio, and by him and his widowed mother he was reared 
to manhoi id. 

From [855 to i860 the subject of our sketch was 
employed in farm work, improving all his spare time in 
study, and made such progress that, in i860, he began 
teaching, meeting with good success. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion, 
young Peters, although less than eighteen years old, en- 
listed as a private in Company E, Sixteenth ( >hio Infantry, 
April 23, [861. 

lie was honorably mustered out of the three months' 
service, and in December, [861, again enlisted in the 
Seventy-fourth Ohio Infantry, under Granville Moody, 
known as the "fighting parson." lie was promoted 
-ant, and commissioned lieutenant of his company 
January 7. [862. lie served in the Western Army, and 
was engaged in the battle of Stone River, December 31, 
1 Si).-, when he was so severely wounded that he was 



deserted on the field by his comrades as past help. He, 
however, recovered, and, participating in the Atlanta 
campaign, was made adjutant of his regiment. While 
charging a rebel battery at Buzzard Roost he was struck 
by a shot May 9, I 864. 

In July, 1864, Major Peters was promoted captain " for 
gallant and meritorious services," and when sufficiently 
recovered from his wounds, walking by the aid of a cane, 
he rejoined his regiment at Savannah, Georgia, and par- 
ticipated in the campaign of Sherman's army until the 
close of the war. 

He participated in the grand review of the armies at 
Washington City, May 24, 25, 1S65, at which time lie 
was honored by being detailed by General George P. 
Buell as assistant inspector-general on his staff. He- 
served in this capacity until notified that his company was 
to be mustered out, when he asked to be relieved, that he 
might join his comrades in their homeward march, lie 
was, therefore, honorably mustered out July 12, 1865, but 
not until he had been commissioned major of his regi- 
ment. 

In 1866 Major Peters settled at Watseka, Illinois, and 
engaged in the hardware business, but finding it unsuited 
to his tastes he sold out, and in 1 867 opened the first book 
and stationery store in Watseka. In 1879 he turned this 
over to his faithful clerk, who had been with him over ten 
years. During this time (December, 1872) he took charge 
of the Iroquois Times. 'Phis he sold out in 1874, but 
bought it back again four years later, and is now its editor 
and proprietor. 

In 1875 Major Peters was elected mayor of Watseka, 
and was re-elected in 1877. He was elected to the Legis- 
lature in 1878 on the national ticket, and gained the esteem 
of his fellow -members of the Thirty-first General As- 
sembly, and the fullest confidence and respect of his con- 
stituents. 

On the 19th of June, 1867, he married Miss Clara M. 
Lyon, at Sycamore, Illinois, a lad)- of rare accomplish- 
ments ami culture. 

Major Peters has been a member of the G. A. R. since 
August, 1867, and for several years has been commander 
of Williams Post, No. 25, Department of Illinois. He is 
also a member of the Illinois Commander} - of the Loyal 
Legion, and has taken a high stand in the order of 
Odd-Fellows. He was the Democratic candidate for 
State Senator in 1884, and in 1886 Democratic candi- 
date for Congress, but was defeated by lion. Lewis P.. 
Payson. 

In the years of his success, Major Peters never forgot 
the maternal kindness of the widowed mother of his 
benefactor, Mr. Roberts, who died shortly after he was 
given a home at her house. He provided her a home in 
her old age, where she has every comfort, and is loved 
and treated with true filial devotion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'55 



COLONEL GEORGE RANSOM SWALLOW, U.S.V. 

Colonel George Ransom Swallow was born in 
Greene Count)-, Illinois, August 21, [839. He left home 
at the age of fourteen ; thence to Alton as clerk in the 
post-office ; then to Jerseyville as book-keeper, and later 
cashier of the Jersey County Bank. In the summer of 
i860 he removed to Centralia, establishing the first bank- 
ing institution in that place. In March, [861, he re- 
moved to Vincennes, Indiana, making there the ac- 
quaintance of Laz Noble and W. II. II. Terrell, who 
were afterwards adjutant-generals of Indiana. He en- 
listed August 19, 1862, in the Harris Artillery Company at 
Indianapolis, Indiana, which was afterwards known as the 
Seventh Indiana Battery; was commissioned junior first 
lieutenant October 4, [861, and captain of same battery 
March 30, 1862. He was appointed chief of artillery of 
Brigadier-General A. Baird's Third Division, Fourteenth 
Army Corps, in October, 1863; commissioned major 
Tenth Cavalry, One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Regi- 
ment Indiana Volunteers, April 19, 1 864 ; lieutenant- 
Colonel, April 26, 1865; and colonel same regiment, 
May I, 1865. He was mustered out August 31, 1865. 

After organization and equipment, in the latter part 
of 1 86 1 his company was assigned to the Army of the 
Ohio, General Buell commanding, and stationed at Green 
River most of that winter. After the evacuation of Bowl- 
ing Green, Kentucky, he was assigned to General Nelson's 
division at Nashville, and marched in the advance to Sa- 
vannah, Tennessee, arriving April 5, and reaching Shiloh 
Monday about noon ; took part in the advance on Cor- 
inth, April 1 1 to May 30; thence marched with General 
Buell's army to Deckard Station, Tennessee ; thence to 
Louisville via Nashville ; at Tyree Springs, Tennessee, 
was attacked by a detachment of Forrest's cavalry, which 
was repulsed by a short but vigorous shelling. From 
Louisville started in pursuit of Bragg, who was overtaken 
at Perryville, October 8. He was driven back and pur- 
sued beyond Crab Orchard. Was then ordered to Nash- 
ville by General Rosecrans, who had succeeded General 
Buell. Marched for Stone River, where he took part in 
the battle, December 31 to January 2. In July marched 
on Tullahoma and on through Tennessee to Chatta- 
nooga ; thence to Chickamauga, and was in that battle, 
September 19, 20, 1863, as acting chief of artillery Fifth 
Division (Van Cleve's), Crittenden's corps. After this 
battle, was appointed chief of artillery Third Division, 
Fourteenth Army Corps, and participated in battles ol 
Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge, going up the 




ridge with General Baird. Started on march to At- 
lanta and the sea. At Ringgold, Georgia, was over- 
taken with commission as major Tenth Indiana Cav- 
alry, and reported for duty, May 6, at Nashville. Thence 
proceeded to Decatur, Alabama, where his battalion was 
attacked by Hood's forces. Fell back with General Thomas 
to Nashville, and was engaged in the battle December 
15, 16, where he was wounded and sent to his Illinois 
home. After an absence of two months he rejoined his 
regiment at New Orleans. 

Colonel Lace having resigned March 16, 1865, the com- 
mand of the regiment devolved on Colonel Swallow, then 
major. The command was transported by boat to Mo- 
bile, taking part in the siege of that place and the attack 
on Fort Blakely. Afterwards marched to Eufala, Ala- 
bama, via Montgomery ; thence to Columbus, Mississippi, 
and on to Vicksburg, performing garrison and other duties 
until mustered out, August 31, 1865. 

Colonel Swallow returned to Illinois, his native State, 
and organized the banking-house of Cross & Swallow on 
January I, 1866; sold out in November, 1S72. In July, 
1873, he moved to Trinidad, Colorado, organizing the 
Las Animas County Bank of Swallow & Terry. In Oc- 
tober, 1875, changed to First National Bank, being its 
first cashier. In November, 1884, was elected treasurer 
of the State of Colorado, and removed to Denver, when 
he has since resided, excepting over three years spent 
in Europe, Asia, and Africa. He is now connected with 
the American National Bank of Denver, being our of its 
directors and second vice-president. 



. 5 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET COLONEL AMASA SAWYER TRACY, U.S.V. 

Brevet Colonel Amasa Sawyer Tracy was born in 
the town of Dover, Maine, on the 16th day of March, 
[829. He was the third child of David and Sarah Fowler 
Sawyer Tracy. When sixteen years of age he left his 
home in Farmington, .Maine, where his father had resided 
for several years, and went to Uxbridge, Massachusetts, 
where he made the acquaintance of Miss Helen Sarah 
Dow, a young lady from Vermont. In February, 1849, 
they were married, and went to Leicester, Vermont, where 
the father of his wife resided. 

In August of the same year his young wife died. He 
then returned to Massachusetts. Six years later he again 
went to Vermont and located in the village of Middle- 
bury. There he became acquainted with Sarah M., 
daughter of Horace Crane, a prominent citizen of that 
village, and in March, 1858, they were married. By his 
second wife he has had six children, four of whom are 
living, — Horace C, Lena I"., Lillian S., and Charles A. 

At the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861, Colonel 
Tracy, then thirty-two years old, leaving his wife ami child 
(a little girl one and a half years old) in the care of his 
wife's lather, enlisted in a company then being raised in 
Vergennes, Vermont. He was elected by his comrades 
first lieutenant of the company, which was assigned to the 
Sei ond Regiment, Vermont Volunteer Infantry, and was 
mustered into the United States service June 20, 1861. 



With the Second Regiment he left immediately for 
Washington. 

In July the regiment was brigaded with the Third, 
Fourth, and Fifth Maine Regiments, Colonel O.O. How- 
ard (now major-general Lnited States Army), and Lieu- 
tenant Tracy was detailed as provost-marshal on the 
colonel's staff. 

At the battle of Hull Run, July 21, he claimed the 
right to go into the fight with his regiment, and his 
request was granted. After the battle, the Second was 
brigaded with the Third and Fourth Vermont Regi- 
ments, that had been raised and sent to the front under 
the command of General W. F. (Baldy) Smith. Later 
in 1 861 the Fifth and Sixth Vermont were assigned to the 
brigade forming the famous Vermont Brigade. In 1864 
the Eleventh Vermont was added to the brigade. Lieu- 
tenant Tracy was promoted to be captain of Company 1 1, 
February, [862; April 21, 1864, he was commissioned 
major of the regiment. During the same year he was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel, and commanded the 
regiment until the close of the war, having served four 
years, one month, and five days. 

Colonel Tracy was brevetted colonel of volunteers " for 
gallant and meritorious services in the final attack on the 
rebel lines at Petersburg, Virginia, April 2, 1865," and 
commissioned colonel of the Second Vermont, June, 1865, 
to date from April 2, 1865. He commanded the old Ver- 
mont Brigade at the breaking of the rebel lines at Peters- 
burg, the brigade leading the charge. He also commanded 
the brigade at the battle of Cedar Creek, in the Shenan- 
doah Valley, and was the first officer to greet General 
Sheridan on his arrival from Winchester. Colonel Tracy 
was awarded a medal of honor by the United States 
Congress, " for gallant and meritorious services in that 
engagement." General Sheridan's line of battle was re- 
formed on his brigade at Cedar Creek. He was severely 
wounded in the charge on Marye's Heights, May 3, 1863, 
and at Cedar Creek, ( (ctober [9, 1 864. He was engaged 
in the following named battles : Young's Mills, Bull Run, 
Lee's Mills, Williamsburg, Golding's Farm, Savage Sta- 
tion, White Oak Swamp, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Marye's Heights, Charleston, Opequan, 
Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Mount Jackson. Cellar Creek, 
Petersburg, March 25, 1865 ; Petersburg, April 2, 1865; 
and Sailor's Run, April 6, 1865. 

His residence now is Burlington, Vermont. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



157 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL FRANCIS M. DRAKE, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Brigadier- General Francis M. Drake 
born in Rushville, Illinois, December 30, 1830, being the 
second son of John Adams Drake, by his wife Harriet 
Jane O'Neal, natives of North Carolina. 

The family located in Iowa in 1837, and the general has 
since resided in that State, his home now being in Centre- 
ville. He received a good business education, and has led 
an active and successful business life. He crossed the 
plains twice to Sacramento with an ox-train and drove of 
cattle during the gold excitement in California ; on the 
first trip, in command of twenty men, at the crossing of 
Shell Creek, Nebraska, he was in a severe engagement 
with about three hundred Pawnee Indians, whom he 
defeated, inflicting on them a heavy loss. 

General Drake was a passenger on the steamer " Yankee 
Blade," wrecked September 30, 1854, on the Pacific 
Ocean, the vessel being totally lost, and he narrowly 
escaped, having been picked up on the coast five days 
afterwards. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, he enlisted. 
and was commissioned captain of a company which was 
organized into Colonel Edwards's Independent Iowa Regi- 
ment, of which he was elected major, and with this com- 
mand served through the critical times of 1 86 1 in Mis- 
souri, driving the forces under General Patton from the 
northern part of the State. He was then assigned by 
General Prentiss to the command of St. Joseph, Missouri, 
holding the position at the time of Mulligan's surrender 
to Price at Lexington, and repulsing the attack on St. 
Joseph soon afterwards. 

At the organization of the Thirty-sixth Iowa Infantry 
in 1862, he was made lieutenant-colonel, and in the mili- 
tary history of the three years' hard and efficient service 
of that regiment, placing it among the distinguished Iowa 
regiments, his name stands conspicuous. 

General Drake took a prominent part in the campaign 
of Steele from Little Rock to reinforce Banks in Loui- 
siana in 1864, and rendered important service. His 
gallant defence at Elkins's Ford on the Little Missouri 
River while in command of a detachment of five hundred 
men against Marmaduke's division, three thousand strong, 
resulting in holding the ford after a severe engagement of 
several hours, was highly commended by his superior 
officers, and he was soon afterwards placed in command 
of his brigade. On the 25th of April, at the bloody battle 
of Mark's Mills, while in command of less than fifteen 
hundred men, fighting the combined cavalry forces of 
Kirby Smith, commanded by General Fagan, he was 
severely wounded in the left thigh, and fell into the hands 
of the enemy. The wound was pronounced mortal, the 
thigh-bone being slightly fractured by a Belgian ball 
weighing one and a half ounces, the bone severing the 




ball, and the pieces being extracted from different parts of 
the body, except one drachm of lead buried in the bone 
where it struck anil still remains. Owing to the severity 
of the wound he was not held a prisoner, and after a con- 
finement of nearly six months, his wounds being suffi- 
ciently healed, he, in October following, by the aid of 
crutches, rejoined his command at Little Rock. He was 
soon after recommended for promotion by the field and 
general officers " on account of special gallantry and hard 
and efficient service," and was brevetted brigadier-general 
of United States Volunteers, and assigned for duty com- 
mensurate with his ranl<. Lie relieved General Thayer 
at St. Charles, and later commanded a brigade in the 
division of General Shaler, and the post of Duval's Bluff, 
Arkansas, until his muster out of service in Septem- 
ber, 1865. 

After the war General Drake engaged very successfully 
in the practice of law about six years. Lor the past 
twenty years he has been in the railroad and banking 
business ; has projected and built five railroads, and is 
now president of the Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa Railroad, 
and Albia and Centerville Railroad Companies ; a director 
of the Keokuk and Western Railway, and president of 
the Centreville National Bank. He is also president of 
the board of trustees of Drake University, 1 )es Moines, 
Iowa, which bears his name as one of its founders and its 
most liberal benefactor. He has also contributed largely 
to other educational institutions, and to the missionary 
societies and church-extension fund of the Christian 
Brotherhood, with which he stands prominently con- 
nected. 

General Drake was married December 24, 1855, to 
Mary Jane Lord, deceased June 22, 1883. Two sons — 
Frank Ellsworth and John Adams — and four daughters, 
Millie D. Shonts, Jennie D. Sawyers, Eva D. Goss, and 
Mamie Drake, are living. 



ivS 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 




BREVET COLONEL PATTON JONES YORKE, U.S.V. 

Brevet Colonel Patton Jones Yorke was born in 
Wilmington, North Carolina, January 7, 1 843, of Northern 
parents, his father. Captain Louis Sprogle Yorke, of 
Salem, New Jersey, being of Revolutionary ancestry, and 
a descendant of Philip Yorke, Earl of Hardwick, Eng- 
land. Colonel Yorke was educated at Princeton, New 
Jersey, ami in 1 856 entered the Naval Academy at Annap- 
olis as an acting midshipman, United States Navy, where 
he remained for three years. At the outbreak of the war 
he joined the Commonwealth Artillery of Philadelphia. 
April 24, l86l,hewas mustered as corporal. He served 
with that command at Fort Delaware until August 5, 
[86l, when it was mustered out. August <>, 1S61, he was 
mustered as first lieutenant of Company E, First New 
Jersey Cavalry, and first met the enemy December 2^). 
[861, at Pohick Church, Virginia, October }, 1862, he 
was mustered as captain Company I, First New Jersey 
Cavalry ; August 27, [863, as major Second New Jersey 
Cavalry; July 27, 1864, lieutenant-colonel Second New 
Jersey Cavalry; March 13, 1865, commissioned brevet 
colonel United States Volunteers, " for distinguished gal- 
lantry in the attack upon anil capture of rebel stockade 
at Egypt, Mississippi, December 28, 1 864. Pie was 
made inspector-general, Cavalry Division Sixteenth Army 
Corps, June I, [864; commanding Second Brigade, 
Seventh Division Cavalry Corps, May 21, 1865; com- 
manding Sub-Division, Department of Mississippi, June 
10, 1865. 

Colonel Yorke took part with the First New Jersey 
Cavalry in the following engagements: [862 — Pohick 
Church, Virginia; Seddon's Farm, Gray's, Strasburg, 
Woodstock, Harrisonburg, Cross Keys, Madison Court- 
House, Harnett's Ford, Rappahannock Station, Cedar 
Mountain, Warrenton, Waterloo Ford, Snicker's Cap, 



Second Hull Run, Chantilly, Warrenton, Aldie, Port 
Conway, Fredericksburg; 1863 — Rappahannock Station, 
Stoneman's Raid, Kelly's Ford, Branch- Station, Aldie, 
Middleburg, Upperville, Westminster ( Maryland), Gettys- 
burg (Pennsylvania), Emmettsburg (Maryland), Harper's 
Pern- (Virginia), Shepherdstown, Berryville, Salem, White 
Plains, Sulphur Springs, Barstoe Station. With Second 
New Jersey Cavalry : Eastport (Mississippi), Paris (Ten- 
nessee), Aberdeen (Mississippi), West Point, Okalona, 
Raleigh (Tennessee), Bolivar, Guntown (Mississippi), Rip- 
ley, Port Gibson, Grand Gulf, Holly Springs, Big Lake 
(Arkansas), Osceola, Cuba (Tennessee), Verona Station 
(Mississippi), Shannon, Egypt Station, Houston, Winona ; 
1865 — Forts Blakely and Spanish, Mobile (Alabama). 

Foster, in " New Jersey and the Rebellion," says of 
Colonel Yorke at Egypt Station: "The Second New 
Jersey was led by its gallant commander, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Yorke, to whom the regiment was fortunate in 
having its command transferred. Ever since Colonel 
Yorke resumed the command the regiment has been most 
efficient, and has won for itself and him an imperishable 
name for steady, unflinching courage and gallantry, as 
well as most thorough and efficient discipline. During 
the raid it was selected for the accomplishment of a most 
difficult and dangerous duty, — the capture of a fort and 
stockade at Egypt Station, on the Mobile and Ohio Rail- 
road. The regiment, led by its commander, Colonel 
Yorke, drove the rebels before them, charging gallantly 
forward on and up to the very works and the muzzles ol 
the enemy's guns. 

" The fighting was most desperate and sanguinary, and 
the loss of life to us, as well as to the enemy, very severe. 
The garrison nearly, if not quite, equalled the regiment 
in numbers, and were protected by strong defensive works. 
Yet, disregarding the strength of the enemy, all the dis- 
parity of position and advantages, thinking of and caring 
for nothing but its glorious name ami obedience to the 
orders of its honored leader, it dashed splendidly on. It 
was a glorious sight, — the long line of men and horses, 
the glitter and clash of arms, the cry of onset, the fixing 
rebels, the pursuing, relentless foe. During the most 
rapid firing, comrades falling around, horses rearing and 
plunging, amid general uproar and confusion, the bugle 
si mndei 1 ' i case firing !' At once it was obeyed ; not a piece 
was discharged, not a soldier moved until the 'charge' 
order. Then over shoulder was slung the carbine, out 
flashed the glittering steel, and on like an avalanche rushed 
the heroic Second. The fort was taken, and with it over 
eight hundred rebels, with a large number of officers, 
including one general." 

Colonel Yorke lived in Louisiana for twenty years after 
the war, representing the parish of Carroll for eight 
years in the Legislature, and holding numerous other 
important offices. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



159 



MAJOR CENTRE HOUGHTON LAWRENCE, U.S.V. 

Major Centre Houghton Lawrence was born in 
Troy Township, Cheshire Count}-, New Hampshire, July 
22, 1835. Was second son of Almon and Louise Law- 
rence, whose ancestry were of Revolutionary fame. 

He received such common-school instruction, three 
months of the year, as seemed to be necessary for chil- 
dren of that mountainous locality at that period, in the 
little red school-house still standing on the Troy side 
and at the base of the Monadnock Mountain. The 
balance of the year was required to work on the farm. 
In 1857, with little experience, he went West, and from 
1858 to the summer of i860 was engaged in the furniture 
and hotel business in the city of St. Louis, Missouri. 

At that time the Southern or disunion sentiment being 
strong in that city, and he having on several occasions 
found it necessary to forcibly express himself in behalf 
of the LInion, in the summer of i860 he settled up busi- 
ness relations and returned to his native hills. 

At the first call for troops in 1861 he started with his 
gun for the nearest rendezvous and enrolled himself at 
Keene, New Hampshire, as a recruit. The Keene re- 
cruits, of sixty-four men, were forwarded to Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, to form a part of what was afterwards 
the Second New Hampshire Regiment. ( )n reaching 
Portsmouth he was ordered by the commanding general 
of the department to take command of the recruits until 
further orders. Orders were soon received to muster ten 
companies of one hundred and one men each, to be organ- 
ized as the Second New Hampshire Regiment ; the most 
of the recruits were enrolled in G impany A. As the time 
arrived for the regiment to start for Washington, young 
Lawrence was advanced from private to the first grade, — 
viz., filth sergeant, and color-hearer of the regiment. 

On reaching Washington the regiment went into camp 
of instruction and drill until the middle of July, when it 
crossed the Potomac River into Virginia with the army, 
and on July 21, 1861, at about ten o'clock a.m., it was 
thrown against the extreme left of Beauregard's rebel 
army, intrenched behind Bull Run. Fortunately for the 
regiment, the fire of the enemy was high, as evidenced 
by the flag and staff; as the lines reached the rebel works 
the enemy was driven back, and the regiment did credit to 
the service and the Granite State from which she came. 

Between three and four o'clock P.M., General Joseph 
Johnston was permitted to come up in the rear, and 
being between the fire of two rebel lines, orders were re- 
ceived to leave the field, and the army was stampeded, but 
atthattimc theSecond Regiment was holdingitsown ; and, 
finally, when it was left alone and compelled to abandon 
the field, it marched off by the left flank with flying colors. 
On reaching Washington the subject of this sketch 
was promoted from fifth sergeant to sergeant-major of the 
regiment, for gallantry on the field at Bull Run, and in 




m 




six weeks thereafter he was promoted to adjutant of the 
regiment, with the pay of captain, being responsible for 
regimental property. He served as adjutant at Budd's 
Ferry, on the Potomac, in the fall and winter of 1 86 1, under 
General Joe Hooker, during the blockade of that river by 
the rebels, and during the Peninsular campaign of 1862, at 
the battles of Yorktown, Williamsburg, Chickahominy, 
Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, White Oak Bottom, Glendale, 
Malvern Hill, Bristoe Station, and Second Bull Run, after 
which he received a commission from President Lincoln 
as assistant adjutant-general. He participated in most 
of the battles of the army thereafter, and was severely 
wounded at Petersburg, Virginia, in the summer of 1864, 
under General Grant, from which he is still a sufferer, 
carrying the ball in his body. 

He remained in the service until the last gun was fired 
and the last of the enemy had surrendered. 

On leaving the army, he in the fall of 1866 married 
Annie E., oldest daughter of Joseph F. and Annie E. Birch, 
of Georgetown, LI C, and has a family of four daughters, 
— namely, Louise, Josephine, Carrie H., and Marguerite, 
having buried one, an only son, Edward Grant. 

Having studied law, Major Lawrence was admitted to 
practise at the bar of the District Courts and the courts 
of the count)' of Montgomery, Maryland. He has been 
for several years chief of section in the General Land 
Office at Washington. 

His beautiful residence is at the village of Linden, 
Montgomery County, Maryland, on the Metropolitan 
branch of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, he being one 
of the founders of the villai 

His oldest daughter, Louise, who married Air. W. T. 
Cummings, fune 6, 1888, resides at Winchendon, Massa- 
chusetts, in a beautiful home, with her little family, having 
two boys. — Lawrence T. and Joseph Almon. 



i6o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL JAMES W. McMILLAN, 
U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General James W. McMillan organ- 
ized and commanded the Twenty-first Regiment of Indiana 
Volunteers in June, 1861. In August, [ 86 1, he was or- 
dered to report to General McClellan with his regiment, 
but on arrival at Baltimore, Maryland, he received orders 
to report to General Dix, then in command at Baltimore. 
He at once began the drill and discipline of his regiment, 
which was one of the best of the many splendid regiments 
furnished by the State of Indiana. 

In November, Governor Morton, who had been on an 
extensive tour of inspection of his regiments, said that the 
Twenty-first Regiment Indiana Volunteers was the best 
drilled volunteer regiment he had seen. In December, 
[861, Colonel McMillan, with his regiment, participated 
in an expedition in the counties of Accomac and North- 
ampton, Virginia, where the regiment was conspicuous 
for its discipline and marching. Colonel McMillan, with 
his regiment, was subsequently ordered to proceed to 
Newport News, to join the forces of General B. ]•'. Butler. 
On the day preceding the fight between the little " Moni- 
tor" and the rebel ram " Merrimac," the Twenty-first 
Indiana Volunteers, with the Sixth Michigan Volunteers 
and the Fourth Wisconsin Volunteers, sailed for Ship 
Island, Mississippi, and subsequently proceeded to New 
Orleans, Louisiana. On arrival at New Orleans, the 
Twenty-first Indiana Volunteers was stationed at Algiers, 
ami Colonel McMillan put in command of the west bank 
of the Mississippi River. 

( )n one of his numerous expeditions through the west 
part of the State of Louisiana, Colonel McMillan cap- 
tured, in Bayou du Luc, the notorious rebel blockade- 
runner " Box," with an assorted cargo and a large quan- 
tity of powder, intended for the rebel government. In 



capturing some guerillas near the Comite River, Colonel 
McMillan was severely wounded June 10, 1862. 

On the death of General Williams in the battle of 
Baton Rouge, Colonel McMillan, though quite debilitated 
by his wounds, assumed command, being the senior officer 
present. November 22, 1862, Colonel McMillan was, on 
the recommendation of General Butler, promoted to the 
rank of brigadier-general of volunteers, and assigned to 
the command of the Second Brigade, First Division, 
Nineteenth Army Corps, and participated in the expe- 
dition to Sabine Pass in 1863. In 1864 he participated 
in the Red River campaign, where his brigade won for 
him the warmest commendation of his department com- 
mander. 

( )n the return of General Banks's army to the Missis- 
sippi River, General McMillan and his brigade, with some 
other brigades of the Nineteenth Army Corps, wen 
ordered to report to his former great commander, General 
Butler, at Bermuda Hundred. ( >n arrival at Bermuda 
Hundred, General McMillan was ordered to proceed with 
his command to Washington, to aid in driving Early out 
of Man-land. 

At the battle of ( )pequan, September 19, 1864, General 
McMillan was highly commended for gallantry by General 
Sheridan. 

At Cedar Creek, General McMillan was in command 
of the First and Second Brigades of the First Division, 
Nineteenth Army Corps, and about sunrise October 19, 
1864, for about forty-five minutes, did most terrible fight- 
ing prior to being ordered to fall back. 

After General Sheridan appeared on the battle-field, 
General McMillan's command formed the extreme right 
of the infantry ; and though it had, in pursuance of orders, 
fallen back all day in sight of the enemy, who followed 
cautiously, it made no halt after getting orders to attack 
until the enemy in its front was driven in confusion from 
the field, and glorious " Little Phil" was again a victor. 
( >n the 17th of March, 1865, General McMillan was com- 
missioned a major-general by brevet, on the recommen- 
dation of General Sheridan. 

General Sheridan, in his book, made honorable men- 
tion of General McMillan in connection with the battle 
of Cedar Creek. 

On General Hancock relieving General Sheridan, Gen- 
eral McMillan was ordered to proceed to Clarksburg, 
West Virginia, with a view to the organization of an army 
to be commanded by General Hancock, and attack Lee 
in the rear. 

fhe war having terminated, General McMillan resigned 
May 15, 1865, after a service of nearly four years, with 
only two short leaves of absence. He had previously 
served as an enlisted man in the Fourth Regiment Illi- 
nois Volunteers in 1846, and in the Second Battalion 
Louisiana Volunteers in 1 847. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



161 



LIEUTENANT EBEN B. FENTON, U.S.V. 

Lieutenant Eben B. Fenton came from old Conti- 
nental stock ; man}- of his ancestors fought in the Rev- 
olutionary War, serving with distinction. 

He was born in Crown Point, Essex County, New 
York, July 6, 1839, being the eldest son of Horace Fen- 
tnn, who followed the trade of a blacksmith. 

The subject of this sketch was left a motherless boy at 
the earl_\- age of six years, when the family moved to 
Mansfield Centre, Connecticut, and he was bound out to 
a farmer to work for his board and schooling, where he 
remained for three years receiving probably the worst 
treatment during that time that any boy ever did before 
or since, — made to go barefooted until snow flew, besides 
being subjected to other indignities too numerous to 
mention here, culminating only when he ran away, vozv- 
ing, no matter what happened, he would never return ; and 
here, at the early age of nine years, he entered a silk-mill, 
in one of the first of its kind started in New England, at 
Mansfield, Connecticut. 

At the age of sixteen he was accepted as an apprentice 
to learn the carpenter's trade, serving three years, when 
he went to Hartford, Connecticut, to follow up this trade. 

He was one of the first to respond to the President's 
call for troops, and at once commenced to recruit men 
for the First Connecticut Cavalry. The company being 
full, he immediately assisted in the raising of the First 
Connecticut Heavy Artillery. Upon its assignment to 
duty, he at once enlisted as a private in the Fifth Connec- 
ticut Volunteer Infantry, and on August 12, 1862, was 
detached from the regiment (by Special Order) on re- 
cruiting service at Hartford, and at Fort Trumbull, New 
London, Connecticut, rendering valuable service to both 
state and government, and for which he was appointed 
lieutenantin the Twentieth Connecticut Volunteer Infantry. 
He at once joined his regiment, then on the Rapidan 
River in Virginia. He served in the First Brigade, First 
Division, Twelfth Army Corps, Army of Potomac, till 
the fall of 1863, when his corps moved to the West with 
General Sherman, landing at Bridgeport, Alabama. It 
was soon consolidated with the Eleventh Corps, and 
called the Twentieth Army Corps, Army of the Cumber- 
land. Then his regiment was assigned to the Second 




Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Army Coips, doing 
duty guarding the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, 
from September 26 to October 3, 1863. He was de- 
tached from the regiment and assigned to duty at Ander- 
son, Tennessee, as assistant commissary-sergeant, assist- 
ant quartermaster, and provost-marshal, during the winter 
of 1863— 64, and was relieved in the following May to 
join his regiment in the march to the sea. His regiment 
was in active service and participated in the following 
engagements: the battles of Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain, Ringgold, Dalton, Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's 
Roost Gap, Rockyface Ridge, Taylor's Ridge, Boyd's 
Frail, Rcsaca, Adairsville, Cassville, Dallas, Pumpkinvine 
Creek, New Hope Church, Allatona Hills, Chattahoochie 
River, Nancy's Creek, and Peach-Tree Creek, where he 
was severely wounded and sent to hospital at Nashville, 
Tennessee. 

He was honorably discharged October 22, [864, for 
wounds received in action. 

Lieutenant Fenton is an earnest Grand Army man ; 
belongs to Detroit Post, 384, Detroit, Michigan, and 
Michigan Commander}- of the Loyal Legion. Has been 
a resident of Detroit, Michigan, the past fifteen years, 
where he now resides, and enjoys an enviable reputation 
as one of its leading citizens. 



21 



I 6 2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




CAPTAIN WILLIAM W. WALLACE. U.S.V. 

Captain William W. Wallace was born in Sadsbuiy, 
Chester Count)-, Pennsylvania. His home in early years 
was in Harrisburg, but his business life previous to and 

since the war lias been passed in Philadelphia. 

At the outbreak of the Rebellion in 1 86 1 lie was a 
temporal-}- resident of Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, and in 
response to Abraham Lincoln's proclamation in 1862 for 
more soldiers to save the nation, he raised a force of one 
hundred and seventy men in a few days, who were 
promptly mustered in the service of the United States as 
Companies C and LI in the One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. He was unani- 
mously elected to and accepted the captaincy of the color 
company, and was commissioned as such by Governoi \. 
G. Curtin. 

His first active service was in command of the picket- 
line at Fort Bernard during the second Bull Run battle, 
a position that was full of tragic interest in connection 
with that disaster to our forces. He was one of the hardy 
few who were able to hold out to the end of an exhaustive 
march of twenty hours, and reached South Mountain 
battle-field at two o'clock a.m., ready for service at day- 
break had the struggle been renewed there. 

His services at the battle of Antietam won for him 
honorable mention in " Bates's History of the War," which 
says, "The regiment was ordered to advance into the 
woods (at Dunker's Church) and hold it at all hazards. 
With heroic bravery they moved forward and drove back 
the enemy. When night put an end to the battle the 
men sank upon the ground to rest, having displayed a 
heroism worthy of veterans. The slaughter in its ranks 
had been terrible. Five color-bearers were killed, and the 
flag was finally borne by Captain Wallace." 

At the battle of Chancellorsville he was personally 



complimented for his services during those trying days 
and nights of carnage, incessant vigilance, and suspense, 
by his brigade commander, General Thomas L. Kane, who 
assigned to him and his gallant men the arduous and 
dangerous work of forming the picket-line on the night 
of the withdrawal of our forces. 

When the rebels invaded Pennsylvania, in the manoeuvre 
that culminated in their defeat at Gettysburg, Captain 
Wallace, while out on a reconnoissance, encountered 
Stuart's brigade at Cove Mountain Pass, and with a force 
of only twenty-seven men opened fire upon and drove 
back the head of his column, and thus saved a small squad 
>f L'nion cavalry scouts from death or capture who were 
being hotly pursued. This attack, being totally unlooked 
for, was a surprise, anil, as it created the impression of a 
formidable force back of him, was the means of delaying 
them at that point for many hours, and thus, it is asserted, 
changed their purpose to proceed to Fort Union, and 
destroy connection east and west over the Pennsylvania 
Railroad. For this service he was ordered to report to 
head-quarters, and received the thanks of Major-General 
Couch, commanding the department, and was also honored 
by a complimentary resolution of thanks from the Board 
of Directors of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. 

He subsequently raised a cavalry company, and was 
commissioned as captain of Company M, Twentieth Penn- 
sylvania Volunteer Cavalry; but the rebels having been 
driven out of Pennsylvania, the War Department decided 
to relieve the six months' men, and he was honorably 
mustered out with his men, with the expectation of 
being commissioned in one of the new regiments that 
Governor Curtin was desirous of raising ; but the project 
was opposed by the War Department, and after an active 
service of nearly fifteen months he accepted the offer of 
a business position in Philadelphia, and retired to civil 
life. 

Captain Wallace comes from Revolutionary stock. His 
great-grandfather and his grandfather on his father's side 
were captured in an engagement with the British, and 
held in the old Walnut Street prison at Philadelphia. 
The former, beiiiL; mortally wounded, died there, and the 
latter was held a prisoner until the enemy evacuated 
Philadelphia. On his mother's side he is related to Gen- 
eral L T . S. Grant, and was one of the comrades who were 
appointed a guard of honor at the funeral, and who con- 
ducted the Grand Army ritual service at the grave over 
the remains of their illustrious general and comrade. 

Captain Wallace is a member of the Loyal Legion, 
Commandery of Pennsylvania, and at present is chaplain 
of George G. Meade Post, No. 1, Philadelphia Grand 
Army of the Republic, and is the author of the ode 
entitled, " Our Dead Comrade," which he composed for 
the use of Grand Army posts in connection with the 
" Draped Chair" ceremony on the death of a comrade. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



163 



JAY COOKE. 

Jay Cooke was born in Sandusky, Ohio, August 10, 
1 82 1. His father was Hon. Eleutheros Cooke, a leading 
lawyer of that place, and a member of Congress from 
1S31 to 1833. Young Cooke entered the banking-house 
of E. \V. Clark & Co., Philadelphia, in 1839. He quickly 
became that firm's confidential clerk, receiving a power of 
attorney to sign for them in all matters eighteen months 
before he came of age. On reaching his majority on 
August 10, 1842, he was admitted as a partner in the 
firm, of which he continued to be a member until Jan- 
uary, 1858. Retiring temporarily from the banking busi- 
ness, he gave his time for three years to negotiating rail- 
way securities and building railways. During this period 
he negotiated the sale of the Pennsylvania State canals. 
While lie was of the firm of E. W. Clark & Co. they 
negotiated a large portion of the government loans to 
carry on the Mexican War, and this combined experience 
served to prepare Mr. Cooke for the far greater work of 
negotiating the loans required for prosecuting the war for 
the Union. 

On January 1, 1861, Mr. Cooke resumed the banking 
business in Philadelphia with Mr. William G. Moorhead, 
under the firm-name of Jay Cooke & Co., with branch 
houses under the same title subsequently established in 
New York and Washington, and a branch in London in 
connection with Hon. Hugh McCulloch, ex-Secretary of 
the Treasury, under the firm-name of Jay Cooke, McCul- 
loch & Co. This international banking business continued 
successfully until the general financial revulsion of 1873, 
which was the beginning of a period of general shrinkage 
and liquidation following the inflation of the war period. 
In the midst of these adverse general conditions, the 
immediate occasion of the suspension of the house of Jay 
Cooke & Co. was their attempt to carry too heavy a load 
in connection with the construction of the Northern Pacific 
Railroad, one of the most timely and beneficent com- 
mercial undertakings of the century. With but brief 
delay Mr. Cooke, by a few years of activity along financial 
lines, completely restored his fortune. 

Mr. Cooke's reputation and place in history will be fixed 
mainly by his work of successfully negotiating the govern- 
ment war-loans. At the outbreak of hostilities in 1861 
the National Treasury was empty, and the public credit 
so low that it could only borrow money at the rate of 
twelve per cent, per annum. The enormous demands of 
the war immediately dwarfed into insignificance all pre- 
vious American experiences, and all ordinary instrumen- 
talities in the way of raising money. The needs of the 
Treasury for military expenditure speedily reached one 
million dollars daily, and before the end came, with an 
army of a million men in the field, the demand reached 




the colossal volume of three million dollars every twenty- 
four hours. Each successive Secretary of the Treasury — 
Chase, Fessenden, McCulloch — first exhausted all known 
means for negotiating the war-loans directly by the govern- 
ment and through the co-operation of the national bank- 
iii- system, which had been devised largely as an aid to 
the government finances ; but each in succession was 
compelled by failure to call Mr. Cooke to his side, and to 
him, as sole fiscal agent of the government, was intrusted 
the direct responsibility of providing the money for carry- 
ing forward to a victorious issue the greatest war of his- 
tory. 

All competent writers on the war for the Union, 
both American and foreign, agree that the signal and 
sustained ability with which the financial credit of the 
nation was built up and maintained in the midst of war, 
and with which the money-raising power of the people 
was stimulated, guided, and upheld, was not second as a 
factor in military success to the skill of generals and 
courage of troops in the field. General Grant expressed 
this common conviction when, at the close of the war, he 
sent from City Point to Mr. Cooke, with his thanks, the 
assurance that to his efforts the nation was largely in- 
debted for the means that had rendered military success 

possible. 

The loans negotiated by Mr. Cooke, chiefly through an 
enthusiastic, confident, persistent, and skilful appeal to the 
patriotism of the people, reached an aggregate of two 
thousand million dollars, and the compensation for this 
service, an average of three-eighths of one per cent., out 
of which came ail expenses and commissions to sub- 
agents, left to the fiscal agent as a reward little besides 
the prestige and satisfaction of a great success in support 
of a noble cause-. 



if>4 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




GENERAL JOHN ALEXANDER LOGAN, U.S.V. 
(deceased). 

General John Alexander Logan was burn in Jack- 
son Count)-, Illinois, February 9, 1826; died in Wash- 
ington, D. C, December 26, 1886. His father, Dr. John 
Logan, came from Ireland when a young man and 
settled in Maryland, but removed to Kentucky, thence to 
Missouri, and finally to Illinois. The son was educated 
at a common school and under a private tutor. In 1840 
he attended Shiloh College. When war with Mexico 
was declared he volunteered as a private, but was soon 
chosen a lieutenant in the First Illinois Infantry. He 
did good service as a soldier. After his return from 
Mexico lie began the Study of law, until elected clerk of 
Jackson Count)-, after which he continued the stud)- of 
law, and in 1851 was graduated at Louisville University 
and admitted to the bar. In 1858 he was elected to 
Congress from Illinois as a Douglas Democrat, and was 
re-elected in i860. 

< hi the first intimation of coming trouble from the 
South, he declared that in the event of the election of 
Abraham Lincoln he would "shoulder his musket to 
have him inaugurated." In Jul)-, 1S61, during the extra 



session of Congress that was called by President Lin- 
coln, he left his seat, overtook the troops that were 
marching out of Washington to meet the enemy, and 
fought in the ranks of Colonel Richardson's regiment in 
the battle of Bull Run, being among the last to leave the 
field. 

Returning home in August, he resigned his seat in 
Congress, organized the Thirty-first Illinois Infantry, and 
was appointed its colonel September 13. At Belmont 
he led a successful bayonet-charge, and a horse was 
shot under him. He led his regiment in the attack on 
Fort Henry, and at Fort Donelson, while gallantly lead- 
ing the assault, received a wound that incapacitated him 
for active service for some time. After he had reported 
for duty to General Grant at Pittsburg Landing, he was 
made a brigadier-general of volunteers March 5, 1862. 
He took a prominent part in the movement against 
Corinth, and was subsequently given the command at 
Jackson, Tennessee. 

In the summer of 1862 his constituents urged him to 
become a candidate for re-election to Congress, but he- 
declined, saying in his letter, " I have entered the field to 
die, if need be, for this government, and never expect to 
return to peaceful pursuits until the objects of this war 
of preservation have become a fact established." 

General Logan commanded the Third Division of the 
Seventeenth Army Corps under General McPherson, and 
was promoted major-general of volunteers November 26, 
1862. He participated in the battles of Port Gibson, 
Raymond, Jackson, and Champion Hills. In the siege 
of Vicksburg he commanded McPherson's centre, and 
on June 25 made the asault after the explosion of the 
mine. His column was the first to enter the captured 
city, and he was made military governor. He succeeded 
General Sherman in the command of the Fifteenth Army 
Corps in November, 1863. In May, 1864, he joined 
Sherman's army, and participated in that eventful cam- 
paign. After the fall of Atlanta he went home to par- 
ticipate in the Presidential campaign of that year. 

General Logan died suddenly. He was a gallant 
officer and an illustrious man. His wife was Mary Sim- 
merson Cunningham, of Petersburg, Missouri. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



165 



COLONEL ABRAM B. LAWRENCE. 

Colonel Abram B. Lawrence was born of Now Eng- 
land parentage in Warsaw, N. Y., May iS, 1834. He 
enjoyed high-school advantages and was well advanced 
in his studies, when, at the age of twelve, he was placed 
in a book-store in Warsaw, and at nineteen accepted a 
responsible position as accountant and cashier in a large 
publishing-house in Buffalo, N. Y., where he remained 
until 1856, when he removed to Niagara Falls, N. V., ami 
became proprietor of a drug and medicine business, 
which he sold in 1858, returned to Warsaw to care for his 
widowed mother, and for a short time engaged in mercan- 
tile pursuits, in the mean time projecting the " Warsaw 
Gas-Light Works," which, co-operating with others, he 
built in 1859 arR l successfully operated, also carrying on 
a foundry and machine-building business until the Civil 
War broke out, when he quitted all to enter the L T ni<>n 
army, having been selected by the Senatorial District 
Committee as quartermaster to represent Wyoming 
County in the organization of the Thirtieth Senatorial 
District Regiment, afterwards designated the 130th N. V. 
Vol. Inf., which was subsequently transferred to cavalry, 
and known as the First New York Dragoons, and which 
under General Sheridan became famous. 

In 1862 he was placed on detached service in the com- 
missary and quartermaster's department Peck's Divi- 
sion, Seventh Army Corps. Subsequently he was as- 
signed to duty in Sheridan's Cavalry Corps as quarter- 
master of the regular cavalry brigade, etc., promoted to 
be captain and assistant quartermaster U. S. A., and as- 
signed to duty at head-quarters Eighteenth Army Corps, 
of which he was soon made chief quartermaster, and in 
recognition of his services promoted to the rank of major 
in the Quartermaster's Department, U. S. A., serving thus 
with the Tenth, Eighteenth, and Twenty-fifth Corps. 
Lhpon the reorganization and consolidation of troops oi 
the Ninth, Tenth, and Eighteenth Corps, and constituting 
the Twenty-fourth Arm}- Corps, he was assigned by 
President Lincoln to the duty of chief quartermaster in 
it and raised to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. During 
the memorable campaign which ended with the surrender 
of General Lee, he was appointed by General Grant chief 
quartermaster of the Army of the James, with which the 
general made his head-quarters at that time. Colonel 
Lawrence's services in connection with this army were 
particularly distinguished, and he was, in recognition of 
these services, assigned by order of General Grant " to 
receive the surrender and make disposition of the prop- 
erty of the Army of Northern Virginia, and to act as 
chief quartermaster of the U. S. forces at Appomattox 
Court-House, Virginia." These duties completed, he 
removed the army property to Richmond, remained 
there on duty during the muster-out of troops and dis- 
position of the surplus army property. 




In the fall of 1865 he was assigned to duty in the 
vicinity of the Rocky Mountains by order of Secretary 
Stanton, and rendered efficient service there. In [866, 
upon application for muster-out, he returned to Warsaw, 
N. Y., where he received an honorable discharge with 
brevet commissions "for faithful and meritorious services 
during the war." Soon after, Colonel Lawrence engaged 
with Buffalo capitalists in developing extensive slate in- 
terests in the Province of Quebec. Disposing of his in- 
terests in this enterprise after a few years of remunerative 
operations, he returned to Buffalo, N. Y., and engaged 
successfully in the lumber and planing-mill business. 
Yielding to promising inducements and also to care for 
his aged mother residing there, he returned to Warsaw, 
where he engaged in the furniture trade. In 1876, upon 
the organization of the Letchworth Rifles, he was com- 
missioned and served six years as commandant. He is 
identified among the organizers of the National Guard 
Association of the State of New York, and its recording 
secretary for ten successive years. He is a member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, and for several years 
was commander of Gibbs Post, of Warsaw, New York, 
which he organized among many others in the State; and 
has been a vice-department commander of New York ; 
several years a member of the Council of Administration, 
and repeatedly a delegate to the national encampments. 
Is a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion ; 
an honorary member of the Military Service Institution 
of the U. S., and other similar organizations ; a bright 
member of the Masonic fraternity and of the higher 
grades of Masonry. Among other public-spirited duties, 
he successfully conducted the affairs of the Wyoming 
County Agricultural Society for five successive years a 
president, assisted in the organization of the State Society, 
and for four years served as its president. 



1 66 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 





BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOSEPH COOKE 
JACKSON, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Joseph Cooke Jackson, 
like many of the officers of the volunteer army, is of 
colonial and Revolutionary ancestry. 

I lis father, the late John P. Jackson, of Newark, New 
Jersey, was of a Scotch-Irish family who settled in Or- 
ange Count\', New York, early in the eighteenth century, 
his ancestors being of the Brinckerhoff and Schuyler 
families, among the earliest settlers in the State of New 
York in the years 1638 and 1650. 

His mother's name was Elizabeth Wolcott ; her grand- 
father, General Oliver Wolcott (who participated in the 
expedition against Louisburg in the French War), was a 
signer of the Declaration of Independence; her great- 
grandfather, General Jabez Huntington, was in command 
of the Connecticut militia, and was appointed in 1777 by 
the General Assembly of Connecticut to be first major- 
general of the militia, Jonathan Trumbull being governor 
and commander-in-chief of the State. These families set- 
tled in Connecticut respectively in 1630 and 1633. 

General Jackson was born at Newark, New (er.sey, 
August 5, 1835. He studied at the famous old academy 



of his native town, later at Phillips, Andover, and was 
graduated from Yale College in 1857. He then entered 
on the study of law at the Harvard Law School (where 
he was class orator) and the University of the City of 
New York. In 1S60 he was admitted to the bar in New- 
York, and began practice, but at the outbreak of the war 
volunteered his services and was at once ordered to rc- 
p jrt as aide to Brigadier-General Robert Anderson. Sub- 
sequently he was commissioned second lieutenant of the 
First New Jersey Regiment, and appointed aide to Gen- 
eral Phil. Kearney. Soon after he was offered the colo- 
nelcy of the Sixty-first New York Regiment, but declined. 

At the close of 1861 he was transferred to the staff o\ 
General William B. Franklin, and the summer following 
was promoted captain for gallant conduct during the 
Seven Days' fight before Richmond, and assigned to the 
Sixth Corps of the Army of the Potomac. A year later 
he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Sixth New 
Jersey Volunteers, and only a few weeks after brevetted 
colonel for " meritorious conduct at the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg." On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted brig- 
adier-general of volunteers, after having participated in 
twenty-one battles, including the Seven Days' battles, 
Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. 

General Jackson was appointed by the War Depart- 
ment a commissioner of United States Naval Credits. 

In 1865 General Jackson resumed the practice of law 
in New York, and in 1 S70 was appointed Assistant United 
States district attorney for the Southern District of New 
York. 

General Jackson has always been an active Republi- 
can and interested in main - public and philanthropic as- 
sociations. He was for many years vice-president of the 
Demilt Dispensary of New York, and of the Yale Alumni 
Association. He is a member of George Washington 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and the Sons of the 
Revolution. He is also a member of the Union League- 
Club, the Pai' Association, and the Law Institute. 

General Jackson married .Miss Katherine Perkins Day, 
daughter of the late Calvin Day, of Hartford, Connecti- 
cut. They have four children, — two son^ and two 
daughters. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



167 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL FRED. T. LOCKE, 
U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Fred. T. Locke was born 
in the city of New York, and is of English and Holland 
descent. His paternal great-grandfather came from Eng- 
land to New York City about 1735. He was of the same 
family as that with which John Locke, the philosopher, 
was connected, and was a sea-captain. He married Sarah 
Vandewater, who with her family were brought from 
Holland in Captain Locke's own ship. They bought a 
farm somewhere in the vicinity of that part of the city 
upon which stand the piers of the East River bridge. 

General Locke manifested at an early age a great 
interest in military matters, and at the age of twenty was 
enrolled in Company G, Twelfth Regiment, New York 
State Militia, subsequently commanded by Colonel (after- 
wards Major-General) Daniel Btitterfield. He ran through 
the several grades, until in 1860 he was made adjutant of 
the regiment, and in that capacity went with his regiment 
to the South in April, 1861. After the first three months' 
service was over, General Locke was appointed by the 
President an assistant adjutant-general of volunteers, with 
the rank of captain, and assigned in August, 1861, to 
General Fitz John Porter's division in the Army of the 
Potomac. Upon the organization of the Fifth Army 
Corps he was made the adjutant-general and chief of 
staff of the corps. [As such, by his affable manner and 
polite and courteous treatment of all, both high and low, 
who came in contact with him, socially or officially, he 
won the regard of the entire army, and rendered the 
head-quarters of the Fifth Corps a pleasant place to \ isit 
at all times. On the field of battle he was ever ready to 
undertake to carry orders to the most hazardous posi- 
tions, being energetic, gallant, and enthusiastic in all 
matters pertaining to a soldier's duty. — Editor.] lie 
was retained in this position under Generals Porter, 
Meade, Sykes, Warren, and Griffin until the final muster- 
out of the corps in June, 1865. 

General Locke served continuously with the Army of 
the Potomac, participating in the following battles and 
operations of that army : Battle and siege of Yorktown, 
Hanover Court-House, Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mills, 
Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Snicker's Gap, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wapping 




Heights, Petersburg, Brandy Station, Peeble's harm, New 
Hope Church, Mine Run, Bristoe Station, Hatcher's Run 
(first and second), the siege of Petersburg, Kelly's Ford, 
Weldon Railroad, Quaker Road, White Oak Ridge, Five 
Forks, and Appomattox Court-House, and in nearly all 
the operations of the various campaigns. I Ie was severely 
wounded during the battle of Bristoe Station, and again 
at Spottsylvania Court-House, w here he was shot through 
the right side of his face, and retired from the field with 
a bn iken jaw and the roof of his mouth projecting through 
it, injuries from which he has never fully recovered. 

General Locke was ordered to New York Jul)' 4, 1865, 
to await orders. He continued in the sen-ice until the 
19th of September, 1865, when he was honorably mus- 
tered out. He received the written indorsement of Gen- 
erals Grant, Meade, Sykes, Warren, and Griffin, in auto- 
graph letters, certifying to his meritorious services during 
the entire war. 

General Locke was promoted to the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel in 1862, brevetted colonel in 1S64, and in April, 
1865, brigadier-general, " for conspicuous gallantry at the 
battle of Five Forks, April 1, 1865." He is senior vice- 
commander of George Washington Post, No. 10, De- 
partment of New York, G. A. R., and a member of the 
Military < >rder of the Loyal Legion, U. S. 



1 68 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




COLONEL ALEXANDER WARNER. U.S.V. 

C nel Alexander Warner was born January 10, 

1827, at Smithfield, Rhode Island. In 1834 the family 
moved to Woodstock, Connecticut, where the son re- 
ceived .111 academic education. After leaving school he 
engaged in business. The year 1S61 found him part 
owner and manager of a prosperous twine manufactory 
in Woodstock. An aptitude for military matters had 
already drawn him into the State militia, and he was 
then lieutenant-colonel of the Seventh Regiment. 

A spirit like his could not move on in the routine of 
ordinary life, however attractive the surroundings, when 
a great crisis was calling the brave to arms. Among the 
earliest to enlist, he was appointed by Governor Buck- 
ingham major of the Third Regiment Connecticut Vol- 
unteers, and took part in the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 
[861. After the disbandment of the three-months' troops 
he was made lieutenant-colonel of the Thirteenth Connec- 
ticut Regiment, which was ordered to join the expedition 
to New ( irleans under Major-General B. F. Butler. After 
the capture of New < >rleans the command of the regi- 
ment devolved upon Colonel Warner, the colonel, Henry 
W. Birge, having been assigned to the command of a 
brigade. 

His regiment took part in the following engagements, 
— viz., Georgia Landing, Louisiana, October 27, 1862; 
Irish Bend, Louisiana, April 14, [863; and Port Hud- 
son. Louisiana, May 24 and June 14. [863. Ill health 
compelled his temporary retirement from active service. 
Upon reporting for duty, he was ordered by General 
Emery, commanding the Department of New Orleans, to 
raise and organize the Fifth Louisiana Regiment for the 
defence of New < >rleans, which he commanded during 
that important crisis and until continued ill health com- 
pelled his retirement from the service. 



He was subsequently appointed by Secretary Chase 
special agent of the Treasury Department at New Or- 
leans, and held the office until his return North. In 
1865 he purchased a large plantation in Madison Count}-, 
Mississippi, where he employed at regular wages a large 
number of freedmen, which exasperated the natives, who 
were unwilling to realize the fact that slavery was ended. 
His innovations were denounced as certain to disorganize 
the labor of the country ; and still deeper resentment was 
aroused as agent for the FYeedmen's Bureau when he 
compelled, on the part of the native planters, the fulfil- 
ment of the contracts made with the blacks. During 
this period his life was often threatened and in danger, 
but he never faltered in the line of duty nor hesitated to 
extend to the oppressed the full protection of the law. 

Colonel Warner was appointed Secretary of State by 
the military commander ; was trustee and treasurer of 
the State University ; six years a member of the State 
Senate, and part of that time its president and ex-officio 
lieutenant-governor; in 1S76 was commissioner from 
Mississippi to the Centennial Exposition ; four years chair- 
man of the Republican State Committee; and three times 
a delegate to the National Republican Convention. 

In 1877 Colonel Warner purchased " Woodlawn," in 
the town of Pomfret, embracing a highly-cultivated and 
productive farm, from which the blooded stock was a 
well-known feature of the various fairs throughout New 
England. In 1887 he was commissioner from Connecti- 
cut to the Centennial celebration in Philadelphia ; in 1888 
commissioner to the Ohio Centennial ; and in 1889 to that 
held in New York. He was elected and served as State 
treasurer of Connecticut for the years 1887 and 1888; 
was a member of the State Board of Agriculture, and 
appointed by the several governors to various national 
agricultural conventions. In 1890 he removed to Baxter 
Springs, Kansas, where he has extensive interests and is 
president of the Baxter Bank. In 1892 he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of the State. 
He is a fluent speaker and ready debater. He is a mem- 
ber of the Loyal Legion, Commandery of Massachusetts. 

Colonel Warner was married on the 27th of Septem- 
ber, 1855, to Man- Trumbull Mathewson, daughter of 
Rufus S. Mathewson and Faith Williams McClellan, of 
Woodstock. Mrs. Warner is the great-granddaughter of 
William Williams, one of the signers of the Declaration 
of Independence. Mr. Williams married Man- Trum- 
bull, daughter of Jonathan Trumbull, colonial governor 
of Connecticut, the friend of Washington. Colonel and 
Mrs. Warner had two children, — Benjamin Silliman, born 
September 24, 1856, and Arthur McClellan, born April 
13, i860 (deceased). Benjamin Silliman is a resident of 
Baxter Springs, Kansas. He married Sara L. Trow- 
bridge, of Brooklyn, New York, and they have two 
children, — Arthur Trumbull and Trowbridge Alexander. 



WHO SERVED FN THE CIVIL WAR. 



i6g 



CAPTAIN J. N. PATTON, U.S.V. 

Captain J. N. Patton was bom February 13, 1838, in 
Monroe County, Ohio, of Scotch-Irish parents. He re- 
ceived a fair education in the best schools of the county. 
He enlisted as a private in the Thirty-sixth Ohio In- 
fantry in the spring of 1861 ; was commissioned second 
lieutenant Company E, Thirty-sixth Ohio Infantry, August 
13, 1 861, and mustered in August 22 at Camp Putnam, 
Ohio; was appointed adjutant of the regiment soon after 
the battle of Louisburg, West Virginia, May 23, 1862 ; ap- 
pointed first lieutenant October 21, 1862, and assigned .is 
aide on the staff of Brigadier-General George Crook, in 
which position he served until the close of the war, with 
a promotion to the rank of captain in 1864. 

The summer, fall, and winter of 1 861 were spent in hard 
marching and fighting in West Virginia under General 
Rosecrans. May 23, 1862, participated in the battle of 
Louisburg, West Virginia, with the Forty-fourth Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry and a battalion of the Second West 
Virginia Cavalry, forming a brigade under command of 
Colonel Crook. In this battle Lieutenant Patton com- 
manded his company (E). 

The P'ofty-seventh Ohio was added to the brigade May 
29, to participate in the Sulphur Springs campaign, but 
August 14 this command and other troops under General 
J. D. Cox, known as the Kanawha Division, was ordered 
to the Army of the Potomac, and reached Warrenton, 
Virginia, August 25, from which it marched and took 
part in the second battle of Hull Run. The command 
was then reported to General McClellan, and started on 
the Maryland campaign September 7, from Washington, 
D. C. It overtook and attacked Lee's rear at Frederick, 
Maryland, drove them to South Mountain, and took part 
in the battle of September 14. The Kanawha Division 
made a brilliant fight and a memorable bayonet-charge. 
In the battle of Antietam, fought September 17, this di- 
vision was in the left wing of the army under General 
Burnside. It fought at the stone bridge over Antietam 
Creek and in front of the left of Sharpsburg. 

Lieutenant Patton was promoted first lieutenant after 
this battle, and went to service as aide on the stall oi 
General George Crook. October 6 the Kanawha Di- 
vision was ordered back to West Virginia. January 26, 
1863, the command (Crook's brigade) was ordered to 
Nashville, Tennessee, and reported to General Rosecrans 
at Murfreesborough, and was assigned to Reynolds's di- 
vision, Fourteenth Army Corps. During the advance to 
Chattanooga the command was engaged in the several 
affairs and battles incident thereto. General Crook was 
assigned to the command of the Second Cavalry Division, 
and Lieutenant Patton accompanied him as aide. This 
division took a prominent part in the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, and immediately afterwards started in pursuit of 
the rebel General Wheeler, who, with a large force of 
22 




cavalry, was endeavoring to destroy General Rosecrans's 
communications, ('rook's command engaged this force 
in three battles, and defeated him in all. The command 
on this trip was thirty consecutive days in the saddle. 

In February, [864, General Crook was ordered back 
to West Virginia, and took command of all the troops 
in the Kanawha Valley. May 9 he fought the battle of 
Cloyd Mountain, and a few days later had an engage- 
ment at New River. Prom this point the command was 
ordered to Staunton and reported to General Hunter at 
that place June 8, after a march which was a continued 
fight, the rebels contesting all the ground passed over. 
From Staunton Crook's division led the advance to 
Lynchburg, and covered the retreat of Hunter's army 
after the disastrous attempt to capture that place. 
Ciook's command had now been on foot over two 
months, marching some nine hundred miles, most of this 
time on short rations, and part of the time with none ; it 
had fought and won five severe engagements, and was 
victorious in a number of skirmishes. It had killed, 
wounded, and captured about two thousand prisoners and 
ten pieces of artillery, and did not lose a man or gun 
captured, but left about one-third of its whole command 
dead or wounded on its several battle-fields. 

July 15 Crook's command reached Harper's Ferry, 
and in connection with the Sixth Corps fought the battle 
of Snicker's Ferry. Later, as part of the Army of the 
Shenandoah, under General Sheridan, the command par- 
ticipated in the battles of Berryville, Opequan, Fisher's 
Hill, and Cedar Creek, going into quarters along the 
line of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad early in January, 
1865, with head-quarters at Cumberland, Maryland. At 
this place Captain Patton resigned ami went West. Since 
then he has been actively interested in mines and mining 
in the Western States and Territories. 



i;o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN CHARLES FREMONT, U.S.A. 
F.R.G.S. (deceased). 

Major-General John Charles Fremont, F.R.G.S., 
Chevalier of the Prussian "Order of Merit," etc., was 
of Huguenot parentage on his father's side, and con- 
nected with the Washington family on his mother's. He 
received from the Charleston College the degree of 
Bachelor and Master of Arts; his mathematical attain- 
ments especially fitted him for his after-life. In 1 838 he 
was appointed second lieutenant Topographical Engi- 
neers, U.S.A., and was Nicollett's assistant in the two 
explorations north of the Missouri in 1838-39. After 
the second of these he married Jessie Benton, daughter 
of Senator Thomas H. Benton. In 1N42 he made the 
first of the great explorations in the then unmapped 
West, and continued them through the years 1842, 
1843-44, [845-46-47, [848-49, [853-54. The third 
resulted in the conquest of California In- Captain Fre- 
mont, to whom the government sent as special messenger 
Lieutenant Archibald Gillespie, with instructions that 
the President intended to take possession of California. 
Captain Fremont was the only arm)- officer then in that 
Mexican province, and he acted for his government. 

Later, General Kearney attempted to supersede Com- 
modore Stockton, the provisional military governor. 
Failing this, he ordered Captain Fremont to desert 
Stockton. Captain Fremont refused, and was court- 
martialled, being thus kept from the command of his 
regiment during the Mexican War. He was sentenced 
to dismissal, but tlie President disapproved of and re- 
mitted the sentence'. Colonel Fremont considered the 
sentence unjust, and resigned. He had preciously re- 
ceived a double brevet at the instigation of General 
Scott, and had been appointed military governor of Cali- 
fornia. He then made the exploration of [K4,X-4<), m 
which one-third of the- party died from exposure and 



starvation. He was appointed by the government com- 
missioner to run the boundary between the United States 
and Mexico ; and, later, elected first U. S. Senator from 
California to Congress. In 1853 he made his last 
exploration across the Rocky Mountains; the last two 
explorations were made at his own expense. In 1856 he 
was nominated for the Presidency by the just-formed 
Republican party, which was defeated. He was in Eng- 
land at the breaking out of the war in 1861 ; offered his 
services, and commenced buying arms for the govern- 
ment on his own credit and responsibility; received his 
appointment as major-general in the regular army and 
was assigned to command the Western Department. He 
was given by President Lincoln unlimited powers in his 
own department. In three months he organized and 
equipped one hundred thousand men, having to buy and 
manufacture most of the weapons and clothing. He 
recognized the abilities of L T . S. Grant, and gave him his 
first independent command, against the advice of those 
who had known Captain Grant, and after the War Depart- 
ment and General McClellan had refused to do so. He 
was the first to build iron-clad gun-boats. August 30, 
1 861, General Fremont issued his proclamation emanci- 
pating the slaves of rebels in his department. He cleared 
Missouri of rebels, but, owing to political influences, 
General Fremont was superseded by Hunter on the eve 
of battle. Hunter immediately retreated from a far in- 
ferior force, his trains and rear-guard suffering severe 
loss at the rebels' hands. General Fremont was then 
placed in command of the Mountain Department, Vir- 
ginia, and came in on Jackson's rear during the latter's 
retreat down the Valley of the Shenandoah in 1862, pur- 
suing him for six days, and fighting a battle with ten thou- 
sand five hundred men against Jackson's seventeen thou- 
sand, the forces under Fremont remaining on the field. 

Serious political and personal controversy between 
Fremont and Lincoln caused the latter to refuse Fre- 
mi mt another command, and Fremont resigned, to accept, 
June 4, [864, the nomination to the Presidency, tendered 
him by the convention which met at Cleveland, Ohio. 
The division of the Republican party following the rival 
candidacy of Fremont and Lincoln would have resulted 
in the election of the Democratic candidate, and Lincoln 
sent Senator Zach. Chandler to Fremont to ask him to 
withdraw, and General Fremont did so, to save the party. 

Gen. Fremont now embarked his large fortune in the 
building of a trans-continental railway, but lost every dol- 
lar. In March, [878, a full release on all accounts and 
charges was given Gen. Fremont, the courts having found 
that the charges made against him in 1872 by dishonest 
agents were altogether false. In 1878 Gen. Fremont was 
appointed Governor of Arizona Territory. In i8<jO lie- 
was placed on the retired list of the army, with his former 
rank of major-general. Died Jul}- 13, 1S90. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



171 



GOVERNOR JOHN ALBION ANDREW, U.S.V. 

Governor John Albion Andrew was born in Wind- 
ham, Maine, May 31, 18 18; died in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, October 30, 1867. His father, descended from an 
early settler of Boxford, Massachusetts, was a prosper- 
ous merchant in Windham. John Albion was graduated 
at Bowdoin in 1837. He immediately entered mi tin 
study of law in Boston, where in 1840 he was admitted 
to the bar. Until the outbreak of the war he practised his 
profession in that city, attaining special distinction in the 
fugitive-slave cases of Burns and Sims, which arose under 
the fugitive-slave laws of 1850. After his admission to 
the bar he took an active interest in politics, and frequently 
spoke on the stump on behalf of the Whig party, of 
which he was an enthusiastic member. He held no 
office until 1858, when he was elected a member of the 
State Legislature from Boston, and at once took a leading 
position in that body. In i860 he was a delegate to the 
Chicago Republican Convention, voting for Mr. Lincoln. 
In the same year he was nominated for governor by a 
popular impulse, and was elected the twenty-first gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts since the adoption of the Consti- 
tution of 1780, by the largest popular vote ever cast for 
any candidate. He was energetic in placing the militia 
of Massachusetts on a war footing, in anticipation of 
the impending conflict between the government and the 
seceded States. He had announced this purpose in his 
inaugural address in 1861, and upon being inducted into 
office he sent a confidential message to the governors of 
Maine and New Hampshire, inviting their co-operation 
in preparing the militia for service and providing supplies 
of war material. This course of action was not regarded 
with favor at the time by a majority of the Legislature. 
On receiving the President's proclamation of April 15, 
1 86 1, he despatched five regiments of infantry, a battalion 
of riflemen, and a battery of artillery to the defence of 
the capital. Of these the Massachusetts Sixth was the 
first to tread Southern soil, passing through New York 
while the regiments of that State were mustering, and 
shedding the first blood of the war in the streets of Balti- 
more, where it was assailed by the mob. He was equally 
active in raising the Massachusetts contingent of three 
years' volunteers, and was laborious in his efforts to aid 
every provision for the comfort of the sick and wounded 
soldiers. He was four times re-elected governor, holding 
that office till January, 1866, and was only then released 
by his positive declination of another renomination, in 




oider to attend to his private business, and his health 
was also seriously affected by his arduous labors. The 
address of the governors to the people of the North was 
prepared by him. 

In January, 1863, he obtained from the Secretary of 
War the first authorization for raising colored troops, and 
the first colored regiment (Fifty-fourth Massachusetts 
Infantry) was despatched from Boston in May of that 
year. Governor Andrew was particular in selecting 
the best officers for the black troops, and in providing 
them with the most complete equipment. Though 
famous as the war governor of Massachusetts, he also 
bestowed proper attention on the domestic affairs of the 
Commonwealth. Governor Andrew was modest and 
simple in his habits and manner of life, emotional and 
quick in sympathy for the wronged, and companionable 
with all classes of people. The distinguished ability that 
shone out in his administration as governor of Massa- 
chusetts, the many sterling qualities that were summed 
up in his character, his social address, and the charm of 
his conversational powers, together with his clear and 
forcible style as an orator, combined to render him con- 
spicuous among the State governors of the war period, 
and one of the most innuenti.il persons in civil life not 
connected with the Federal administration. His death, 
which occurred suddenly from apoplexy, was noticed by 
public meetings in various cities. He married, 1 )ecember, 
1848, Miss Ellen Jane Hersey, of Hingham, Massachu- 
setts who with their four children survived him. 



w< 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




GENERAL JAMES MADISON DRAKE, U.S.V. 

General James Madison Drake was born in Wash- 
ington Valley, Somerset County, New Jersey, .March 25, 
1837. He is a descendant of Colonel Jacob Drake of 
the Western New Jersey Battalion, Continental troops. 
At the age of six years Drake entered his father's print- 
ing-office in Elizabethtown, where he acquired much use- 
ful knowledge, and became proficient in the " art preserva- 
tive of all arts." At the age of twelve years he was .1 
rapid and correct compositor. In 1854 young Drake 
began the publication of the Mercer Standard, a large- 
sized literary paper of acknowledged excellence. Later, 
he started the Evening Express, an afternoon paper. Sub- 
sequently he became a reporter on the State Gazette. In 
the political campaign of i860 Drake issued a lively cam- 
paign sheet entitled the Wide Awake. At the age of 
twenty-one years he was elected an alderman of Trenton, 
and at the end of the term was re-elected. In [859 he 
organized the America Hose Company, which became a 
highly efficient and prosperous association. He was four 
times elected foreman of the company. 

When the news of the fall of Sumter reached Trenton, 
Drake promptly organized a company of firemen, and a 
tew days later accompanied it to the national capital, 
having been appointed ensign of the Third New Jersey 
Militia. He carried the colors of the regiment through- 
out the campaign, having had the honor of unfurling them 
on Virginia soil a few hours previous to the landing ami 
death of Ellsworth at Alexandria, May 24, 1861. In 
< >< tober, l86l, Drake enlisted in Company K, Ninth New 
Jersey Volunteers (riflemen), and was appointed a ser- 

; Hit. 

In June, 1863, First Sergeant Drake was appointed 
iid lieutenant oi Company D, this being the first in- 
stance of a transfer in this command. Lieutenant Drake 



was the only commissioned officer with his company 
during his connection with it — May 16, 1864 — when he 
and his command were captured in the battle of Drewry's 
Bluff. General Charles A. Heckman, commanding the 
brigade, was captured while making his way to Drake, 
who had not fallen back with his regiment. General 
Heckman and Lieutenant Drake, a few hours afterwards, 
entered Libby Prison together. When Grant's ^uns 
were heard thundering through the Wilderness, Drake 
and his companions in captivity were hustled off to the 
interior, the first stop being at the pen in Danville. Sub- 
sequently Drake was again placed on a train and trans- 
ported to Columbia, then to Augusta, and from thence to 
Macon, Georgia. 

He assisted in digging one of the five tunnels at Macon, 
and had his trouble for his pains, the plan having been 
betrayed. Subsequently Drake was transferred to Sa- 
vannah, the U.S. Marine Hospital grounds being used as 
the pen. Here Drake and others dug three tunnels, but 
in each instance the}- failed to escape. In September, 
when the yellow fever raged in Charleston, Drake and his 
companions were transported to that city and confined 
in the jail-yard. 

On October 6 Drake and six hundred other officers 
were marched to a train of cars and started for Columbia. 
Capt. Harry H. Todd, 8th N. J. ; Capt. J. E. Lewis, nth 
Conn. ; and Capt. Alfred Grant, 19th Wisconsin Vols., 
had previously arranged with Drake to effect their escape 
from the train, and when it had crossed the Congaree River 
the four men sprang from the box-car, guarded by seven 
armed Confederates, and were free. Though the officers 
happily escaped injury in their terrible leap, and were 
preserved from flying missiles and the awful fangs of 
the blood-hounds, they soon found themselves envi- 
roned by formidable difficulties. They were hundreds 
of miles from a place of refuge, in the midst of implaca- 
ble enemies, without guide or compass, without cook- 
ing utensils, without money, and without food. The 
limits allowed for this sketch will not permit the record of 
the many interesting incidents attending Captain Drake's 
remarkable tramp through the Carolinas and East Ten- 
nessee to the Union lines at Knoxvillc, which Lewis and 
he reached in forty-nine days, after enduring the most ter- 
rible privations. 

Upon Drake's return to his regiment he was com- 
missioned captain. He was mustered out at Greens- 
boro', North Carolina, April 13, 1865, carrying to his 
home a medal of honor from Congress " for distinguished 
gallantry during the war." Captain Drake was brevetted 
brigadier-general by the Legislature of his native State. 
General Drake since the war has commanded the Veteran 
Zouaves of Elizabeth, New Jersey, whom he took across 
the continent in 1886, and in the winter of 1891 made a 
tour of the Southern States with his famous command. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



U3 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL DANIEL MACAULEY, 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Daniel Macauley was 
born September 8, 1839, in New York City, of Irish 
parentage, and in his youth learned the trade of book- 
binding at Buffalo, New York. Uniting himself with 
Company C, Seventy-fourth Regiment National Guards, 
State of New York, he soon attained proficiency in Har- 
dee's tactics under that splendid officer, General William 
F. Rogers. 

Having removed to Indianapolis just before the Civil 
War commenced, he there became orderly sergeant of 
the Independent Zouaves, which position he held at the 
breaking out of the war of the Rebellion. At the firing 
upon Fort Sumter he instantly enlisted, and as first lieu- 
tenant of a company received the first marching order 
issued in the war by the State of Indiana. His company 
was assigned to General Lew Wallace's regiment, and 
upon joining, Macauley was selected as regimental adju- 
tant, holding the position for a year. The regiment had 
become known throughout the country for its tragic oath, 
" Remember Buena Vista," at which Mexican battle it 
was alleged that Jeff. Davis sought to disgrace Indiana 
soldiers. It was the first in Indiana to march, and served 
in the East its term of three months. 

At once re-enlisting for three years, it joined General 
Grant at Paducah, Kentucky, at the very beginning of 
that great general's career, and through his victorious 
campaigns of Forts Heiman, Henry, and Donelson, Shi- 
loh and Corinth, constantly added to its renown as one 
of the best regiments in the service. In April, 1862, 
Macauley was promoted major, and a few months later 
lieutenant-colonel. He participated in the Mississippi 
River campaign, and in March, 1863, was promoted 
colonel of the regiment at the age of twenty-three. 
With his regiment he took part in the battle of Champion 
Hills, during the Vicksburg campaign, May, 1863, and 
was there severely wounded by a shot through the left 
thigh. After recovering from his wound he participated 
in the campaign in Western Louisiana under General 
Banks, when the regiment, with its colonel, re-enlisted 
for three years more as " veterans." After a " veteran" 
furlough at home and a return to Louisiana by river, 
Colonel Macauley was sent with a ship-load of troops to 
the North, fortunately arriving at Washington while it 
was still menaced by the rebel general Earl)-. 

As the advance of the Nineteenth Army Corps, the 
Eleventh Indiana, with other regiments under Macauley, 
quickly formed the nucleus of Sheridan's army in the 
valley of the Shenandoah, and participated in all the 
glories and dangers of that brilliant campaign. During 
the night after the battle of Fisher's Hill, September 22. 
1864, Colonel Macauley commanded the skirmish-line 
of several regiments during the entire night, to Wood- 




stock, in hot fighting pressure on the rear ot Early's 
army. lie commanded the Third Brigade, Second Di- 
vision, Nineteenth Corps, the morning of "Sheridan's 
ride," where he was almost fatally wounded by a ball 
which he still carries in his body. 

Colonel Macauley was recommended for brevet, and 
again for full promotion by General Sheridan, and re- 
ceived his brevet of brigadier-general for special gal- 
lantry on the field, General Grant personally writing to 
the Secretary of War, asking for it. 

While still badly crippled, General Macauley was as- 
signed to command the defences of Baltimore, which he 
held during the surrender of Lee and the assassination 
of President Lincoln. He then, in August, 1865, re- 
turned to Indiana with the old Eleventh for muster-out. 
He was at once appointed colonel of the Ninth Regi- 
ment, Hancock's Veteran Army Corps, stationed in In- 
dianapolis. He was finally mustered out in March, 1866, 
after nearly five years' continuous service. 

In March, 1863, General Macauley married Miss Mary 
M. Ames, daughter of the Rev. A. S. Ames, and a sol- 
dier son was born one blustering morning in camp to the 
music of " reveille." 

The general has been engaged in various kinds of 
business and public matters since the war, and is well 
known throughout the country. He served three terms 
(1867-73) as mayor of Indianapolis, and has since passed 
several years in Spanish-American countries, part of the 
time closely identified with the Nicaragua Canal. He is 
now with his family a resident of Washington City, and 
is chief appointment clerk of the Treasury. He is also 
inspector-general of the District of Columbia National 
Guard, and has hosts of friends, to whom he appears in 
health and spirits as young as he was a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago. 



'74 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




J0* 



BREVET CAPTAIN CHARLES W. KEYES, U.S.A. 

Brevet Captain Charles W. Keyes was born in Wil- 
ton, Franklin County, Maine, February i, 1831. He was 
prevented by filial duties from joining the army during the 
first year of the war, but enlisted as a private in the 
Twenty-eighth Maine Infantry September 10, 1862, and 
served with that regiment in Florida and Louisiana until 
it was mustered out September I of the following year. 
During this term of service he received, in a sharp battle 
with tlie enemy at Fort Butler, Louisiana, a severe wound 
in his Lft arm. Two months after the Twenty-eighth 
Regiment was mustered out ( November, 1 863 1, he enlisted 
the second time in the Second Maine Cavalry as a pri- 
vate, and about three months later was discharged by 
reason of promotion in the Thirty-second Maine Infantry, 
then organizing at Augusta. He received a commission 
as first lieutenant of Company E of that regiment April 
2, [864. This regiment was soon at the front, and par- 
ticipated actively in the hard fighting of the Wilderness 
and Spottsylvania Court-House. In the latter engage- 
ment (May 12, 1864) Lieutenant Keyes received a 
wound, which resulted some days later in the loss of his 
left foot. 



Partially recovering from his wound, he enlisted again 
as second lieutenant in the Coast Guards, and served in 
a battery near Belfast, Maine, till after the war closed. 
While in command of his company there, in obedience to 
orders from the War Department, salutes were fired over 
the surrender of General Lee, and while executing this 
command he was struck near the left eye by a friction- 
primer which blew from a recoiling gun, and gradually 
lost the vision of that eye. 

Captain Keyes was appointed a second lieutenant in the 
Forty-fourth U. S. Infantry July 28, 1866, and was unas- 
signed May 27, 1869. He was retired with the rank of 
first lieutenant December 31, 1 870. 

" For gallant and meritorious service at Fort Butler, 
Louisiana," Captain Keyes received March 2, 1867, the 
brevet of first lieutenant, and " for gallant and meritorious 
service in the battle of Spottsylvania Court-House, Vir- 
ginia," he received March 2, 1867, the brevet of captain. 

During his active service in the regular army he was a 
member for some months of a general court-martial under 
General Ricketts ; was on the staff of General W. H. 
Emory, commander of the Department of Washington, 
during the great review in honor of Burlingame and the 
Chinese embassy ; served for a time as assistant superin- 
tendent of the War Department Buildings, Washington, 
D. C, and for about two years was engaged under General 
0.0. Howard in work among the Freedmen's Schools of 
Kentucky. 

A few years after retirement Captain Keyes purchased 
the Farmington (Maine) Chronicle, the leading paper of 
his native county, and conducted it for about twelve years. 
He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the State 
College for seven years, and for the past eight years has 
been a trustee of the Maine Wesleyan Seminary and 
Female College, Kent's Hill. 

Captain Keyes has been twice married, — first, to Miss 
Juliette C. Lord, eldest daughter of Rev. Isaac Lord, of 
the Maine M. E. Conference; second, to Miss Hattie E. 
Park, preceptress of the Maine Wesleyan Seminary and 
Female College. His home for the past eighteen years 
has been at Farmington, Maine, — a pretty village in a 
region resorted to for the beauty of the natural scenery. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



US 



CAPTAIN ALFRED WILLARD BRIGHAM, U.S.V. 

Captain Alfred William Brigham was born at South- 
borough, Worcester County, Massachusetts, June 19, 1837. 
His father was Trowbridge, and mother Sarah Fairbanks 
(Morse) Brigham. He graduated at the High School at 
sixteen, and went to Boston, where he was employed at 
Baker & Wright's. After a few months, however, he ac- 
cepted a position with Mr. F. W. Cobb, where, at nineteen, 
he was manager and buyer for the store. 

He was a volunteer on Sundays, holidays, and at night 
with hand-engine Barnicoat, 11. He was also a member 
of Trimountain Club in i860, of which John A. Andrew 
(afterwards governor of Massachusetts) was president. 
Also a member of the Boston City Guards in 1 860. He 
enrolled himself as a member of the Fourth Battalion of 
Rifles (afterwards Thirteenth Massachusetts Volunteers) 
the same night that news was received of the firing upon 
Fort Sumter. I le was made corporal of Company B, and 
left with his regiment in July, 1861, for Harper's Ferry, 
Virginia. He had command at Williamsport Ferry, on 
the Potomac, every alternate day during the summer and 
autumn of 1861. He was at Hancock, Maryland, when 
" Stonewall" Jackson made his winter campaign opposite 
Hancock and to Bath, Virginia. He crossed the Potomac 
with his regiment in March, 1862, to Martinsburg and 
Winchester, and the Thirteenth Regiment was on the 
skirmish-line, driving Jackson's rear-guard (Ashby's cav- 
alry) through the town. He had command often picked 
men as safeguard at Charles J. Faulkner's, to protect wife 
and daughter and valuable library (outside the lines), 
Faulkner at that time being a colonel on Jackson's staff. 

He made a reconnoissance sixteen miles beyond Win- 
chester to find the enemy, and was knocked off the top 
of a gate, while watching Ashby's cavalry deploy, by the 
explosion of a shell in the earth at his feet. 1 le was with 
Abercrombie's brigade through Snicker's Gap, and coun- 
termarched towards Winchester to assist General Shields 
at the defeat of Jackson, but too late to participate in the 
battle. Afterwards was with Hartsuff's brigade, Ord' 
division of McDowell's corps, from Manassas Plains to 
Falmouth, Virginia, July 4, 1862, and was sunstruck to 
insensibility for two hours ; marched next day, and was 
with the expedition to Front Royal with Ord's division 
after Banks's retreat in the Shenandoah Valley, and par- 
ticipated in the battle of Cedar Mountain on three days' 
continuous duty, supporting batteries across Rappahan- 
nock Station, and three nights' picket duty with Hart- 
suff's brigade, the only U. S. troops across the river in 
front of Longstreet's corps ; was with Rickett's division 
at Thoroughfare Gap, and at second Bull Run, where he- 
had five bullets through his clothing, besides one cut- 
ting the hair over his right temple ; was at Chantilly ; was 
on the skirmish-line at South Mountain ; and was twice 
wounded at Antietam. He remained in field-hospital 




three days, and thence removed to Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, where, after refusing to have his foot amputated, 
from wound in the ankle and through the " tendon 
Achillis," he was mustered out of service as forever dis- 
abled to do duty in the field. When able to walk again, 
he was commissioned first lieutenant Seventh Unattached 
Company, Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, August 14, 
1863, and was at Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, on 
the staff of General Devins as ordnance-officer at Long 
Island Draft Rendezvous; in garrison at Fort Warren, 
Massachusetts, winter of 1863-64; with company at 
Alexandria, Virginia, Ma)-, 1864; with escort of one 
hundred and twenty-five men to take Generals Crittenden 
and Ledlie to Burnside's command, while on the march 
to the Wilderness, but cut off by the enemy's cavalry at 
Rappahannock Station ; at Fort Grcble, on the Potomac, 
as acting assistant quartermaster and acting commissary- 
sergeant Third Brigade, Hardin's division, Twenty-second 
\rniv Corps, and while there volunteered and obtained 
valuable information for secret service, lie was pro- 
moted captain Company C, Third Massachusetts Artil- 
lery, October, 1 864, and performed duty at various forts 
about Washington City during the winter of 1864-65. 
While on scout duty with Lieutenant W. P. Beaumont, 
provost-marshal of Hardin's brigade, about Septemlnr 
or October, 1864, in order to escape being bushwhacked 
by the " Surrattsville gang" in a path through the woods 
from lower road to Fort Baker, at midnight, his horse 
was violently thrown down, and Captain Brigham received 
wounds which now incapacitated him from service. I le 
was mustered out with his regiment October, 1865. Cap- 
tain Biigham declined brevets for meritorious service during 
the war for reasons known to himself; also commission in 
the regular army of equal rank. He resides in Boston, 
unable to attend to his business as commission merchant 
on account of the disabilities resulting from his wound 



i 7 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 







MAJOR EVERETT SOUTHWORTH HORTON, U.S.V. 

Major Everett Southworth Horton was born at 
Attleborough, Bristol County, Mass., June 15, 1836, and 
is lineally descended from Revolutionary soldiers. He 
was the oldest of four boys. All but one responded to the 
call of their country, but ill-health prevented him from 
doing so. 

Major Horton received the limited education of the 
town schools and a private academy. Prior to the war 
he was engaged in a country store with his father. When 
the proclamation was issued and the governor of Massa- 
chusetts called for more troops, he at once began to raise 
.1 company for nine months' service. He was elected 
second lieutenant, and the company was assigned to the 
Forty -se\ enth Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers, being 
mustered into the United States service at Boxford, Mass., 
September 23, 1862. After a few weeks the regiment was 
ordered to Readville, Mass., and then to Long Island, 
X. Y '., where it embarked on the steamer " Mississippi," 
for New Orleans, La., forming part of Banks's expedition. 
The troops landed about Jan. 1, 1863, at Carleton, and 
after a few days moved to Jackson Barracks, below the city, 
and were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, 
Nineteenth Army Corps, Department of the Gulf. 

Major Horton was promoted to captain, and mustered 
Man h 2, [863. The regiment remained in and near the 
city during its term of service. Although a nine months' 
regiment, it served about eleven and a half months, and 
was mustered out of service September I, [863. Major 
Horton was at home but a few days when, on November 
18, [863, he was mustered as second lieutenant, and as 
captain Company C, Fifty-eighth Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, February 20, 1864. The regiment left Massa- 
chusetts April 28, ami on reaching Alexandria, Virginia, 
was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Ninth 



Army Corps, commanded by General A. F. Burnside, and 
was engaged at the battle of the Wilderness, — thus meet- 
ing the enemy in shorter time after leaving the State than 
any other Massachusetts regiment. He was mustered as 
major August 25, 1864, before Petersburg, Va. (was com- 
missioned lieutenant-colonel, but never mustered). He- 
participated all along the line, all of said engagements 
being too well known to need any detail here. He was 
captured by the enemy at Preble's Farm, on Vaughan's 
road, Sept. 30, 1864, and was taken to Petersburg; then 
to Libby, at Richmond, and after a few days moved in 
great haste, being loaded into freight cars, and each car 
filled too full for any comfort to the prisoners. On arriv- 
ing at Greensborough, October 9, they encamped in a 
field. It was a very cold night, and they suffered intensely. 
The morning of the 10th they moved on, and at evening 
reached what proved to be Salisbury Prison pen, North 
Carolina, and crowded into the limited quarters provided, 
many of the prisoners having dug holes in the ground, 
like animals, to keep themselves warm. There were many 
with but little clothing, and not water enough to drink, 
several dying each night. Thousands of graves testify to 
the fact, and their only crime, — they were Union soldiers. 
Late in the afternoon, ( )ct. 19, 1864, they were ordered to 
fall in, and marched out of this pen, again put into freight 
cars, and moved to Danville, Va., and placed in a tobacco 
warehouse, then called Prison No. 3. On January 27, 1865, 
Major Horton, with Colonel William Ross Hartshorne, of 
the 190th Penna. Vols., were selected as hostages and sent 
to Libby Prison ; were paroled Feb. 22, 1865, and under 
Old Glory once more. Major Horton can never describe 
his feelings at the glorious sight of the old flag. He- 
reached Annapolis, Md., February 23 ; a leave of absence 
lor thirty days was allowed, and he was declared ex- 
changed in March. He left for the front April 2, 1865, 
and reached Petersburg, Va., April 7 ; reported at head- 
quarters, waited a few days, and a party of some ten offi- 
cers started on a tramp for Burksville Junction, some 
fifty-two miles. It proved to be quite a tramp, but was 
finally reached, when it was discovered that the regiment 
was simie eighteen miles farther, at Farmville, Va., to 
which place they proceeded. After a few days left for 
City Point, thence to Alexandria by transport, anil en- 
camped near Fort Lyon, Va. Major Horton was detailed 
as inspector Second Division, Ninth Army Corps, and 
served until his regiment was mustered out of the service- 
July 24, 1865. On returning home, after a little rest, he- 
was engaged with a wholesale house in Providence, R. I., 
and continued with them for some fifteen years, when, by 
the death of a brother, he entered the manufacturing jew- 
elry business at Attleborough, Mass. 

Major Horton is a member of the Grand Arm)- of the 
Republic and Massachusetts Comniandcry, Military ( )rder 
of the Loyal Legion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



^77 



ACTING ENSIGN PERSIFOR FRAZER. U.S.V. 

Acting Ensign Persifor Frazer was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pa., July 24, 1844, and was the only son of Pro- 
fessor John Fries Frazer, LL.D., vice-provost of the 
University of Pennsylvania, and Charlotte Cave ; great- 
grandson of Brigadier-General Persifor Frazer, lieutenant- 
colonel Fifth Pennsylvania Line, and grandson of Robert 
Frazer, a distinguished lawyer and member of the Legis- 
lature. His mother was the daughter of Thomas Cave 
and of Sarah, daughter of Major John Hollinshead, Third 
New Jersey Line, and member of the Cincinnati Society. 
He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania July 
3, icS62; joined a corps of the Coast Survey assigned to 
the navy at Port Royal. He assisted in two reconnois- 
sances by night under the guns of Fort Wagner and the 
rebel picket-boats, just before the attack by the fleet in 
January, 1863. Ordered north, he joined the First City 
Troop, Philadelphia, for emergency service at Gettysburg, 
during the invasion of Pennsylvania, June and July, 1863. 
After being mustered out at the close of this campaign he 
joined the navy in the Mississippi squadron, first as aide 
to Captain Pennock commanding, and later as watch-offi- 
cer on board the " Benton," taking part in numerous 
expeditions, and after the war receiving an honorable 
discharge. 

After three years at the Royal Saxon School of Mines 
at Freiberg in Saxony, passing with credit the examination 
in mineralogy conducted in the German language, he re- 
turned in 1869 to the United States and joined Hayden 
as metallurgist and mineralogist of the United States Geo- 
logical Survey party of that year during its exploration of 
Colorado and New Mexico, writing the report on these 
subjects. He was elected instructor in natural philosophy 
and chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania, and pro- 
moted to assistant professor the next year. In 1872, on 
the death of Professor John F. Frazer, he taught the senior 
and junior classes in his father's place, as well as the 
sophomore and freshmen classes. 

In 1874 he was appointed Assistant Geologist in the 
State Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, and directed 
the southeastern division under Professor Lesley for eight 
years, contributing geological maps of York, Adams, and 
Chester Counties, besides four volumes to the reports. 

He was the first to discover the cause of the difference 
in color of the moon by day and by night. 

He devised a process of detecting forgeries by com- 
posite photography. While in France, during 1881-82, 
he sustained the examination for the doctorate before the 
faculty of Lille. He wrote and printed in French a thesis, 
and subsequently passed the public examination conducted 
in the French language before the government commis- 
sion, receiving the first doctorate " es-Sciences Naturelles" 
ever given to a foreigner, anil the one hundred and ninety- 
fifth of this degree which had up to that time been granted. 
2 3 




lie was secretary of the American Committee of the 
International Congress of Geologists, and editor of the 
joint reports which were presented to the London session 
in 1888, himself writing that on the " Archean," and at 
this session was elected vice-president of the Congress 
representing the United States. 

lie was appointed correspondent of the Reichsanstalt 
in Vienna in 1886; corresponding member of the New 
York Academy of Science in 1885. In 1890 he received 
from the French government the decoration of the palms 
of the Academy as Officier de 1' Instruction Publique. 

He is a life-member of the American Philosophical So- 
ciety (1871); Pennsylvania Historical Society; Academy 
of Natural Sciences (1870) ; F'ellow Am. Assn. for Adv. 
of Science ; Brit. Assn. for Adv. of Science (1884) ; Frank- 
lin Institute; Am. Ins. of Min. Eng. ; Fellow and one of 
the founders of the Society of American Geologists; one 
of the editors of the Franklin Institute Journal, 1881-92 ; 
one of the editors and proprietors of the American Geol- 
ogist ; professor of chemistry of the Franklin Institute 
(1881-1893), and of the Penna. Horticultural Society. 

He has published four volumes of the State Geological 
Reports of the Second Geological Survey of Pennsyl- 
vania ; Talles for tlto Determination of Minerals (three 
editions) ; Report to the International Congress on the 
Archean of America. 

In the Transactions and Proceedings of the American 
Philosophical Society he has printed seventy-one papers ; 
in the Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, 
twenty-three papers ; in the Transactions of the American 
Institute of Mining Engineers, thirty-two papers ; in the 
Trans, of the British Assn. for Adv. of Science, two papers ; 
besides many articlesin the scientific journals and elsewhere. 

He married Isabella Nevins Whelen in 1 871, by whom 
he has two sons and one daughter now living. 



1 7 8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM 
WELLS, U.S.V. (deceased). 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General William 
Will- was born in Waterbury, Vermont, December 14, 
1837. He en'i "t-'d as a private in Company C, First 
Regiment Vermont Cavalry, September 9, 1 86 1 ; was 
sworn into the United States service, ( )ctober 3, 1861, at 
the age of twenty-three years; commissioned first lieu- 
tenant, Company C,( )ctober 14, 1 861, and captain, Novem- 
ber iS, 1861 ; mustered November 19, 1 861, with the field 
and staff of the First Regiment Vermont Cavalry, to serve 
for three years. Commissioned major, October 30, 1 862 ; 
colonel, June 4, 1864. Appointed brevet brigadier-gen- 
eral of volunteers, February 22, 1865, and brigadier-gen- 
eral of volunteers, May 19, 1865. Appointed brevet 
major-general of volunteers, March 30, 1865, "for gallant 
and meritorious services." 

He was placed in command of the Seventh Regiment, 
Michigan Cavalry, March 2, 1864, by order- of General 
Judson Kilpatrick, while near Richmond, Virginia, on 
what is known as Kilpatrick's raid, and continued in com- 
mand of the regiment for several weeks. As major, he 
commanded his own regiment from June 3, 1864, and 
during Wilson's raid south of Richmond, June 21 to 
Jul\- 2, 1864. As colonel, he commanded the Vermont 
Cavalry Regiment until September 19, 1864, when he 
assumed command of the Second Brigade, Third Division, 
Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. He commanded 
this brigade at the surrender of the Army of Northern 
Virginia, at Appomattox, Virginia, April 9, 1865, and 
until May 22, [865, when he assumed command of the 
Third Cavalry Division. From September [9, 1864, to 
April (), [865, he was several times in command of the 
Third Cavalry Division. He was in command of the 
cavalry corps from June 1 to June 24, 1865, being its last 



commander. He was in command of the First Separate 
Brigade, Twenty-second Army Corps, from June 24, 1 865, 
to July 24, 1865. He was mustered out of the service 
January 15, 1866, by General Order 168, War Depart- 
ment, Washington, D. C, dated December 28, 1865. He 
was wounded at Boonsboro, Maryland, July 8, 1863, 
with a sabre thrust and cut, and at Culpeper Court- 
House, Virginia, September 13, 1863, by fragment of 
shell ; was a prisoner of war in Libby Prison, Richmond, 
Virginia, from March 17, 1863, to about May f\ [863. 
His service in the field was continuous from his muster in 
until the close of the war. 

During his service with the First Regiment of Cavalry, 
General Wells took part in the following battles and skir- 
mishes : Middletown, Winchester, Luray Court-House, 
Culpeper Court-House, Orange Court-House, Kelley's 
Ford, Waterloo Bridge, Bull Run, Warrenton, Hanover, 
Hunterstown, Gettysburg, Monterey, Leitersville, Hagers- 
town, Boonsboro, Falling Waters, Port Conway, Port Con- 
way, Culpeper Court-House, Somerville Ford, Raccoon 
Ford, lames City, Brandy Station, Gainesville, Buckland 
Mills, Falmouth, Morton's Ford, Mechanicsville, Piping- 
Tree, Craig's Meeting-House, Spottsylvania, Yellow Tav- 
ern, Meadow Bridge, Hanover Court-House, Ashland, 
Hawes' Shop, Bottom Bridge, White Oak Swamp, Rid- 
dle's Shop, Malvern Hill, Reams' Station, Nottoway 
j Court-House, Roanoke Station, Stony Creek, Reims' Sta- 
tion, Winchester, Summit Point, Charlestown, W. Va , 
Kearneysv ille, and Opequan or Winchester. 

As brigade and division commander he was engaged 
at Opequan, Front Royal, Gooney Manor Grade, Milford, 
Waynesboro, Columbia Furnace, Tom's Brook, Cedar 
Creek, Cedar Creek, Middle Road, Middle and Back Road 
or Middletown, Lacy's Springs, Waynesboro, Five Forks, 
Scott's Corners, Namozine Creek, Winticomack, Appo- 
mattox Station, and .Appomattox Court-House. 

At the grand review, Washington, D. C, May 22, 1865, 
he commanded the Second Brigade, Third Division, Cav- 
alry Corps, which led the advance of the Army of the 
Potomac. A medal of honor was awarded him by Con- 
gress " for distinguished gallantry at the battle of Gettys- 
burg, Pennsylvania, July 3, 1863." Lie was collector of 
customs, District of Vermont, from 1872 until 1885. 

General Wells was elected to the office of adjutant and 
inspector-general of the State of Vermont in 1866, and 
resigned in 1872. He was one of the trustees of the 
Vermont Soldiers' Home and was the first president of 
the board, from the date of its creation by the Legislature 
until 1890, when he declined a re-election. lie was a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic, ami was a 
charter member and first commander of the Vermont 
Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion. 

General Wells died April 2;, 1892, and is buried at 
Lake View Cemetery, Burlington, Vermont. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



179 



CAPTAIN W. B. WARNER, U.S.V. 

Captain W. B. Warner was born July 31, 1 841 , at 
Fairview, Erie County, Pa. ; is the son of Walter Wood- 
ruff Warner, who served in the American army in the War 
of 1812-14. He was mustered into the United States ser- 
vice, April 19, 1 86 1, as private of Company B of the or- 
ganization known as the " Erie Regiment," in the three- 
months' service. He again entered the service as private 
of Company B, One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania 
Infantry, September 4, 1861. He was promoted corporal 
September IO, 1861 ; sergeant September 20, 1861 ; and 
unanimously elected second lieutenant of the same com- 
pany October 1, 1861. 

The regiment was not armed and equipped until Jan- 
uary 27, 1862, and was then moved from Harrisburg to 
Camp McKim, Maryland. May 15, 1862, it was sent to 
re-enforce General Banks in the Shenandoah Valley, 
being attached to Cooper's brigade of Sigel's division. 
June 1, 1S62, it was assigned to Prince's brigade, Augur's 
division, Army of Virginia, and participated in the battle 
of Cedar Mountain August 9, where Lieutenant Warner 
commanded Company H. September 17, 1862, he par- 
ticipated in the battle of Antietam, and commanded the 
company after the captain was killed. Me was promoted 
first lieutenant November 24, 1862, and made captain 
February 10, 1863. 

December 10, 1862, the regiment was assigned to the 
Twelfth Army Corps, and February 10, 1863, was made 
part of the Second Brigade, Second Division of that 
corps, participating as such in the battle of Chancellors- 
ville, Virginia, and the campaign terminating with the 
battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, for which Captain 
Warner was mentioned in general orders for gallantry. 
After returning to the Rappahannock River the regi- 
ment was moved by rail, in September, 1863, to join the 
Army of the Cumberland. While in camp in Lookout 
Valley with a small portion of the brigade, the enemy 
made a night attack with three brigades, and Captain 
Warner was wounded, and of his command of thirty-six 
men, twenty-two were killed and wounded. 

Captain Warner led his company in the assault and 
capture of Lookout Mountain, and in the subsequent 
battles of Mission Ridge. January 28, 1864, he re-en- 
listed for three years, and on return from regimental fur- 
lough was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Di- 
vision, Twentieth Army Corps, and participated in the 
capture of Snake Creek Gap May 3, 1864, and Resaca 
May 14, 15, 1864. At Lost Mountain he was again men- 
tioned in general orders for gallantry in the face of the 
enemy. 

From this time on, until the regiment crossed the 
Chattahoochee, it was almost a continuous battle. At 
the battle of Culp's Farm, Georgia, the whole brigade 
was ordered to charge on what was supposed to be a 




mere skirmish-line, but which turned out to be the finished 
breastworks and a fort of the enemy. The fight was in 
the woods, and it was difficult to see anything even when 
the smoke cleared away. Captain Warner soon found 
himself cut off from the regiment by a ravine, with about 
three companies of the One Hundred and Eleventh and 
one of the One Hundred and Ninth Pennsylvania In- 
fantry. He determined to keep up with the rest of the 
line, which he could not see, and so pushed on, and only 
halted when he had seized the fort and sent back word to 
General Barnum to come and occupy the works of the 
enemy. In a few moments General Sherman came riding 
along and asked Barnum what troops had taken the fort. 
His answer was, " A captain of the One Hundred and 
Eleventh Pennsylvania Infantry in command of four or 
five companies." Sherman made a record of the name, 
and there is no doubt Warner would have received well- 
merited promotion if he had not been prostrated by an 
attack of typhoid fever, which resulted in his being dis- 
charged and mustered out of service for total disability 
at Lookout Mountain November 16, 1864. 

After recovering his health he entered into business in 
New York City, remaining until 1879, when he returned 
to Erie, Pennsylvania, and built up, under the name of 
W. P. Warner & Co., a large and important general in- 
surance agency. It was while thus engaged that he 
became connected with the " Hartford Life," first as rep- 
resentative of the company in Pennsylvania, and later in 
the important position which he now holds. He is widely 
known among the insurance fraternity as a high-minded 
gentleman of strict integrity and an indefatigable worker. 
He is now the assistant superintendent of agencies of the 
Hartford Life Insurance Company, and his immediate 
labors are in the field, and the company's managers 
recognize in him a valuable assistant in the successful 
prosecution of the " Safety-Fund System." 



i So 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




COLONEL GEORGE WASHINGTON EAYETTE 
VERNON, U.S.V. 

(.'(hum. i. George Washington Fayette Vernon came 
of Revolutionary stuck; his grandfather, Thomas Ver- 
non, was a soldier in the Pennsylvania Line, War of the 
Revolution, and his father, Nathaniel Vernon, was a sol- 
dier of the War of 1 812—14. The Vernons are of the 
Norman-French stock who, under William the Norman, 
conquered England, a.d. 1066, and founded the present 
English dynasty. The Vernons emigrated to America 
with William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania. The 
subject of this sketch was born at Frederick' G'tv, Fred- 
erick County, Man-land, June 14, 1843. lie was edu- 
cated at Frederick College, and was engaged in the stud}' 
of law at the outbreak of the Rebellion in 1861. He 
entered the army August 10, 1 861, as a second lieutenant 
of Company A, of the Cavalry Battalion, which at Colo- 
nel Vernon's suggestion was called " Cole's Cavalry," 
in honor of Captain Henry A. Cole, the senior captain 
and commander. 

In the spring of 1862, when General Banks's army made 
its campaign in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia," Cole's 
Cavalry" was in the van, and at Hunker Hill, Virginia, 
the first blood of the campaign was shed by this com- 
mand, in a successful cavalry skirmish with Ashby's 
rebel cavalry, not, however, without serious loss. The 
brigade commander, General Williams, then command- 
ing the Third Brigade, Banks's division. Eighth Army 
1 !orps, issued a complimentary order, mentioning Captain 
Cule and Lieutenant Vernon by name. 

In the successful battle at Winchester, Virginia, March, 
[862, in which General Shields defeated Stonewall jack- 
son's rebel army, Company B," Cole's Cavalry," opened 
the fight. In all of the various campaigns in the Shenan- 
doah Valley of Virginia in 1862-63-64, "Cole's Cavalry" 



were incessantly scouting and skirmishing with the enemy ; 
in fact, in all of the Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Vir- 
ginia campaigns they took an active part and suffered 
heavily. 

At Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in September, 1862, the 
cavalry refused to surrender, ami, led by " Cole's Ca\ airy,'' 
successfully cut their way through the enemy's lines, 
passed through General Robert E.Lee's army, then at 
Sharpsburg, Maryland, and captured General Longstreet's 
ammunition train, which had its effect in the subsequent 
battle of Antietam, Md. Lieutenant Vernon was pro- 
moted first lieutenant May 10, 1862, and captain October 
25, 1862. 

At the midnight battle in the snow at Loudon Heights, 
Virginia, January 10, 1864, Captain Vernon was severely 
wounded, a bullet passing through the left eye and shat- 
tering a portion of the skull. Captain Vernon was pro- 
moted major March 5, 1 864, and lieutenant-colonel April 
20, 1864, the battalion having been recruited to a full 
regiment. Colonel Vernon commanded a brigade of 
cavalry, and subsequently a brigade of infantry, in the 
Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, in the summer and fall 
of 1864. The repeated and successful raids of the 
enemy upon the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, between 
Harper's Ferry and Martinsburg, Virginia, in the winter 
of 1864 and 1865, caused the detail of Colonel Vernon 
to be sent for its protection in charge of detachments 
from the One Hundred and Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania 
Infantry, Eighteenth Connecticut Infantry, and Fourteenth 
West Virginia and Thirteenth Maryland Infantry. There- 
was no further trouble from the time Colonel Vernon 
assumed command ; and the close of the war found 
him in charge of a military district in the Shenandoah 
Valley of Virginia. He was mustered out of service with 
his regiment at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, June 28, 1865. 

He returned to his home at Frederick City, Maryland, 
in July, 1865, and established a legal collection agency, 
but devoted a portion of his time to his farm, a short dis- 
tance from the city. He was appointed postmaster at 
Frederick City, Maryland, March 8, 1867, and served 
until Ma}- 24, 1869, when he was appointed a special 
agent of the United States Treasury Department, which 
position he held until February, 1S7S, when he was ap- 
pointed surveyor of customs at Baltimore, Maryland, 
February 13, 1878, which he held until March 13, 1882. 
Upon the expiration of his commission he established a 
nal estate brokerage and collection business at Baltimore, 
Maryland, where he at present resides. 

Colonel Vernon took an active part in politics from 
1865 to 1882, being frequently selected as a delegate 
to Republican State and National Conventions. He has 
been an active member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, having been a post commander and department 
commander in the Department of Maryland. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1S1 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL ALONZO J. EDGER- 
TON, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Alonzo J. Edgerton 
comes of a Puritan family settled at Norwich, Connecti- 
cut, since 1642. He was born near Rome, New York, in 
1827, and at the age of twenty entered the Sophomore 
class of VVesleyan University at Middletown, Connecti- 
cut, graduating in the class of 1850. 

When still a young man he removed to Minnesota, 
and was a member of its Legislature in 1858-59 and in 
1877-78. In 1876 he was chosen one of the Presidential 
electors. 

In the early summer of 1862 he recruited Company B, 
Tenth Regiment Minnesota Infantry, United States Vol- 
unteers, of which he was appointed captain August 21, 
1862, and served with his company as captain through 
the Indian campaigns of 1862-63. In February, 1864, 
while in command of the provost guard of St. Louis, he 
was commissioned as colonel of the Sixty-seventh United 
States Colored Infantry, and went with his regiment to 
Louisiana. During 1865 he was president of a court- 
martial in New Orleans. In 1865 the Sixty-seventh and 
the Sixty-fifth United States Colored Regiments were 
consolidated and he was colonel of the consolidated 
regiment (the Sixty-fifth). 

He was then commissioned brigadier-general by brevet 
and placed in command of a brigade, and was in com- 
mand of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, during the riots at 
New Orleans in May, 1866, and remained in command 
of that important district till his muster-out in the winter 
of 1867. 

From 1 87 1 to 1874 he was railroad commissioner, and 
in 1 88 1 was appointed United States Senator, succeeding 
Mr. Windom, whom President Garfield had appointed 
Secretary of the Treasury. 

He was a regent of the State University of Minnesota 
for some years before leaving the State. 

In December, 1881, he was appointed chief-justice of 
the Territory of Dakota. He was a member of the Con- 
stitutional Convention of South Dakota which, in 18S5, 
formulated the present constitution of that State, and <>t 




the convention which met in 1889 to readjust the constitu- 
tion to meet the requirements of Congress. Each conven- 
tion elected him as their president by a unanimous vote. 

The State is greatly indebted to the judge for his con- 
servative action in the convention and for the wisdom and 
large experience which enabled him to take a leading 
part in the preparation of the organic law of the Com- 
monwealth. 

When the State was admitted into the Union he was 
appointed by the President United States district judge 
for South Dakota. 

Upon the organization of the State government the 
judge was made president of the Board of Regents of 
the State educational institutions. 

In 1891 his Alma Mater, Wesleyan University, con- 
ferred upon him the degree of LL.D. 

lie is not only a scholar of wide and general culture, 
but he has been a close student in the higher fields of his 
own profession, not only in the common, but also the civil 
law. 

The judge comes of a long-lived family, and promises 
to be able to perform the duties of his office for many 
years yet to come. 



I 82 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILLIAM PHILLIPS DAVIS. 

u.s.v. 

Lieutenant-Colonel William Phillips Davis was 
born in Trow Ohio, January 24, 1835. In 1856 his 
parents moved to New Albany, Indiana, where his father 
became prominent as a lawyer, and was for many years 
a member of the State Legislature. 

When the Civil War broke out the subject of this 
sketch was engaged in manufacturing woollen goods for 
the Southern markets exclusively. In July, 1861, he re- 
cruited Company F, Twenty-third Indiana Infantry, oi 
which (after muster-in) he was appointed captain, and 
before leaving the camp of rendezvous was commissioned 
major. On the same day he received, unsolicited, the 
appointment as agent of the Seminole Indians, which he 
declined, believing his duty to be with his command. 

October 22, 1862, he was commissioned lieutenant- 
colonel. On the arrival of the regiment at Paducah, 
Kentucky. September, iS6i.it was assigned to the bri- 
gade commanded by General Lew Wallace; with the 
army it moved up the Tennessee River, participating in 
the battles of Ports Heiman and Henry, Shiloh, and the 
siege of Corinth. After the battle of Iuka the regiment 
was assigned to General McPherson's command, when 
1 olonel Davis was tendered a position on said officer's 
i Ml as inspector-general, but preferred to remain with 
his command and share with it all the honors that were 
to 1), won or privations to be endured. On the arrival 
of the regiment at Memphis, where the army was con 
trating for the movement down the Mississippi River, 
it was transferred to the division commanded by General 
fohn A. Logan. At this point the colonel of the regi- 
ment was assigned to other duties, and Lieutenant-* 'olonel 
Davis was placed in charge. 

His command participated in all the battles of the 



Yicksburg campaign, including the forty-seven days' 
siege. 

Upon the expiration of the regiment's veteran furlough 
it joined the army at Rome, Georgia, taking part in the 
various battles from there to Atlanta ; here Colonel Da- 
vis's term of service expired, having served three years 
and twenty days. His regiment made many long and 
tedious marches, engaged in many battles and skirmishes, 
and (.luring this time Colonel Davis was always present. 
Fhe day he severed his connection with the army the 
following paper was given him: 

" III VD-QUARTERS FOURTH DIVISION, SEVENTEENTH ARMY CORrs, 

•• Ki Ms vvv Mountain, Ga., June 21, 1S64. 
"Hon. Abraham Lincoln, President of the United 

S 1 \ 1 Is. 

"Sir, — Lieutenant-Colonel William P. Davis, Twenty- 
third Indiana Volunteers, Fourth Division, Seventeenth 
Army Corps, will soon retire from the army by reason of 
the expiratii >n « >f his term of service. He has commanded 
his regiment in many engagements in which both he and 
his men have distinguished themselves. 

" He is a man of good sense and fine business capacity, 
and his fellow-officers, who regret to part with him, think 
his gallant and faithful service in the field point him out 
as one entitled to the notice and favor of the government. 

"Very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

" W. 0. Gresham, Brigadier-General, 
" Commanding Fourth Division, Seventeenth Army Corps. 

" Prank P. Blair, Major-General, 

" Commanding Seventeenth Army Corps." 

" Lieutenant-Colonel Davis served in my immediate 
command over one year. I can most earnestly endorse 
the above statements, and hope that he may receive such 
notice from our government as he is entitled to as a 
meritorious officer and soldier. 

" [ohn A. Logan, Major-General." 

■■ Head-quarters Department vnd Army of the Tennessee, 

" 1 hattahoochee River, Ga., July 12, 1864. 

" I endorse the within statements with the utmost 
cheerfulness. Lieutenant-Colonel Davis has been in my 
command for nearly two years, the greater part of the 
time in command of his regiment (the Twenty-third In- 
diana Volunteer Infantry, one of the most gallant regi- 
ments in the service), and I have ever found him a brave, 
capable, and meritorious officer. 

" James B. McPherson, Major-General'' 

Since the war he has filled a number of public posi- 
tions: was assessor of internal revenue under Andrew 
Johnson; president of the Board of Education of his 
city; and from 1885 to 1 889 chief of the Middle Divi- 
sion, Pension Bureau. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



>8 3 



COLONEL MICHAEL KERWIN, U.S.V. 

Colonel Michael Kerwin, Thirteenth Pennsylvania 
Cavalry, was born August 15, 1837, in the county of 
Wexford, Ireland, from which place his family emigrated 
during his early boyhood to. America, settling in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, where he was educated in a pri- 
vate academy and for some time in the public schools. 
In youth he learned the business of a lithographer. 

Three days after the call for troops in April, 1861, he 
volunteered as a private in Company 1 1, Twenty-fourth 
Regiment, for three months' service. This organization 
formed part of Patterson's army, with which he advanced 
into Virginia. Before crossing the river, where it was 
known the enemy was present in considerable force, it 
became very important to the Union leader that he 
should know what troops he would have to meet. Some 
reliable soldier was sought who should enter the rebel 
lines and gather the desired information. For this dan- 
gerous and important duty young Kerwin volunteered 
his services. Full well he knew that, should he be dis- 
covered, death upon the gibbet awaited him. Adopting 
the necessary disguise, he crossed the river, went freely 
through the enemy's camps, which he found near Mar- 
tinsburg, and after making an estimate of the number of 
men and guns, and outlines of fortifications, returned and 
reported to General Negley, then in command of the 
brigade to which he belonged. The successful manner 
in which this duty was performed, and the daring which 
he displayed in executing it, marked him as worthy of 
better rank. 

In September of this year, having been discharged at 
the expiration of his first term, he recruited a company 
and was commissioned captain of Company P. Thirteenth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, and in July following was promote 1 
to the rank of major. During the 12th, 13th, 14th, and 
15th days of June, 18^3, when Milroy's little force at 
Winchester, Virginia, in which the Thirteenth was serving, 
was confronted and finally forced to retire by the ad- 
vance of Lee's entire army, then on its way to Gettys- 
burg, Major Kerwin, at the head of his regiment, 
rendered splendid service, having frequent conflicts with 
the rebel cavalry, and successfully covering the infantry 
retreat to Harper's Ferry. After leaving the Valley, the 
Thirteenth was attached to the Arm}- of the Potomac, 
Gregg's division, when Major Kerwin was promoted t 1 
colonel and took command. October 12 of the same 
year, while on the advance picket line near White ST 
phur Springs, Virginia, he was suddenly attacked by a 
heavy force of the rebel army, Lee seeking to turn the 
Union right and get between Washington and Meadi 
army. Colonel Kerwin, with his own regiment and the 
Fourth Pennsylvania Cavalry under Colonel Covode, 
combated the head of Ewell's column for six hours, 
giving time for Meade to recross the Rappahannock and 




SiR 




get his army into position to checkmate the scheme. 
Gallantly was this duty executed, hut at the sacrifice ot 
these two noble commands, large numbers of both being 
killed, wounded, and taken prisoners. 

During the year 1864 Colonel Kerwin led his forces 
with Sheridan in his operation with the Army of the 
Potomac, for a time being in command of the Second 
Brigade of Gregg's division. He participated in all the 
battles and skirmishes which took place during that 
period. He was temporarily paralyzed by a stroke of 
lightning at St. Mary's Church, and wounded twice at 
Deep Bottom. 

In February, [865, he was ordered with his regiment 
to Wilmington, North Carolina, to open communication 
with Sherman. On joining the grand column near Fay- 
etteville, Colonel Kerwin was assigned to command the 
Third Brigade of Kilpatrick's division. He received the 
surrender of Raleigh, North Carolina, forcing Hampton's 
cavalry to retire from its defences; and the colors of the 
Thirteenth were the first to float from the dome of the 
last rebel capital. 

After the surrender of fohnston, at which he com- 
manded the cavalry escort to General Sherman, Col- 
onel Kerwin was ordered to Fayetteville with his regi- 
ment and placed in command of the post. He had seven 
counties under his control, and during the critical period 
of reconstruction managed the affairs of his department 
with singular skill and ability. Near the close of July he- 
was mustered out of service at Philadelphia, having been 
on duty continuously from the opening to the conclusion 
of the war. 

During the past twenty-three years he has been a 
resident of New York City, where he has for many years 
been editor and proprietor of the New York Tablet. At 
present he holds the important position <>l collector oi 
internal revenue lor the Second District of New York. 



1 84 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR J. HOMER EDGERLY, U.S.V. 

Brevet Major J. Homer Edgerly was born of humble 
parentage .it Dover, New Hampshire, May 5, 1S44. His 
father was Calvin O. Edgerly, a long-time resident and a 
respected citizen of Dover. Like many another, Homer 
(he almost invariably went by that name) was a mere boy 
at the breaking out of the war. He enlisted at Dover 
under Ira A. Moody, and this squad eventually became 
Company K, Third New Hampshire. Early in [862 he 
was made < irderly sergeant (from private), and satisfactorily 
filled the position till June, 1863, when he was commis- 
sioned as second lieutenant. He was at Pocotaligo, South 
( 'arolina, October 22, 1S62, and with his regiment at the 
taking of Morris Island, July 10, 1863 ; in the attack of 
the following morning, and in the siege work of those 
weary months, during which it seemed to each man 
that it was surely his turn next to be either killed or 
wounded. During a portion of this time Lieutenant 
Edgerly served with the Boat Infantry Picket, an ex- 
tremely hazardous duty, wholly by night, and as impor- 
tant as it was dangerous. When the re-enlisted men were 
sent home on their furloughs, he was one of the fortunate 
officers selected to accompany them. This prevented his 
participation in the mounted infantry experience of the 
regiment. He rejoined, with the others, at Gloucester 
Point, Virginia, at the end of April, 1864. 

Lieutenant Edgerly took active part in all the actions 
of the regiment : Drewry's Bluff, May [3—16, [864; in the 



noted sortie of June 2, 1864; the recapture of the rifle- 
pits in front of the Bermuda Hundred lines ; and in the 
Petersburg reconnoissance of June 9, 1864. June 16, 1864, 
when the enemy had vacated Butler's front, he was with 
the skirmishers, feeling the new advance of the enemy, and 
behaved very gallantly. < In the 1 6th of August, 1864, 
the 7th October, 1864, and the various actions of those 
autumn months, Lieutenant Edgerly was a participant. 
In December, 1864, he had a leave of absence, and he 
was about that time promoted to captain. In January, 
1865, he was one of the six officers with the regiment in 
the successful assault on Fort Fisher, and with a mere 
handful of volunteer followers he ran to the Mound Bat- 
ten - and hauled down and secured the flag, giving it to 
General Tern-. General Terry gave this flag next day to 
Secretary Stanton, who sailed up the Potomac with it 
hoisted, creating quite a furor. This was the largest 
Confederate flag captured during the war. In September, 
i<xr>4 while for a day or two on staff duty, he had tem- 
porary charge of a line of skirmishers, and so gallantly 
did he perform his duty that General Butler not only ob- 
served it, but recommended him for promotion in a gen- 
eral order. This fact, added to the conspicuous bravery 
at Fort Fisher, secured a brevet for him as major of United 
States Volunteers. 

He was sent to Point Lookout, Maryland, in charge of 
a steamer-load of the captured prisoners. In the advance 
on Wilmington he again displayed great courage. On 
the 1 ith of February, when he was in charge of the line 
(left wing), he captured a greater number of prisoners 
than his own force. At Wilmington, after its capture, 
he was assistant provost-marshal, the duties of which 
office required great skill, sagacity, and diplomacy. He 
was in charge of the flag of truce which arranged for 
the wholesale exchange of prisoners at North East Ferry. 
He returned home with the regiment at its final muster- 
out in Jul_\', ] 865. 

Since the war Major Edgerly has been a resident of 
Boston or its immediate vicinity. He served in the Legis- 
lature of Massachusetts in 1890. For several years he 
was master painter in the navy-yard at Charlestown. He 
was at one time a councilman at Charlestown prior to its 
annexation. He is now building inspector in the employ 
of the city of Boston. He is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States, and is a Royal Arch 
Mason. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



185 



GENERAL JAMES STEVENS PECK, U.S.V. 
(deceased). 

General James Stevens Peck (Adjutant-General of 
Vermont) was born in Montpelier in December, 1838, 
and was graduated at the University of Vermont in i860. 
He studied law with Lucius B. Peck and Stoddard B. 
Colby. 

September 23, 1862, at the age of twenty-four, he was 
commissioned second lieutenant Company I, Thirteenth 
Regiment Vermont Volunteers (nine months). January 
22, 1863, was promoted first lieutenant and adjutant of 
the regiment. Was present in action at Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania, July 1-3, 1863, and distinguished himself 
throughout that battle by his coolness and valor, espi 
cially during the famous charge of Pickett's division, 
Longstreet's corps. Late in the afternoon of the second 
day he was in the charge made by a part of the Thir- 
teenth Regiment which saved Weir's Fifth United States 
Battery from capture. The guns had been abandoned, 
for a rebel regiment of Wright's brigade was upon them, 
and a moment longer the battery would have been lost. 
The Vermonters did not stop here, but pushed on across 
the Emmittsburg road, capturing two more pieces of ar- 
tillery, surrounding the Rogers House, and taking prison- 
ers a captain and eighty men of an Alabama regiment, 
who surrendered to Captain Lonergan and Adjutant 
Peck. 

On the afternoon of the third day, while the fire from 
Lee's artillery was concentrated upon the Union troops, 
Adjutant Peck was every were encouraging his comrades 1 
by action and word, and when the order was given by 
Brigadier-General George J. Stannard, commanding the 
Second Vermont Brigade, to change front to the right 
and attack Pickett's charging flank, he had the distin- 
guished honor of leading the Thirteenth Vermont Regi- 
ment into the position which permitted them to pour in a 
destructive fire, rapidly decimating the rebel troops and 
stopping the charge, which resulted in the close of the 
battle of Gettysburg and the defeat of the Confederate 
army. Adjutant Peck was mustered out of the U. S. ser- 
vice July 21, 1863. 

December 23, 1863, James S. Peck enlisted the second 
time, and for three years, as private Company E, Seven- 
teenth Vermont Regiment; was promoted adjutant, with 
rank of first lieutenant, April 12, 1864, and major July 
10, 1865. 

The Seventeenth Regiment was distinguished above 
any other military organization from Vermont by the se- 
verity of its losses during its short term of service. It 
left the State April 18, 1864, but in October, 1864, the 
nine companies of the regiment, after five months of con- 
tinuous fighting, could muster only one officer and eighty- 
five men for duty. It lost fourteen officers killed or died 
of wounds. While adjutant, Major Peck was often in 
24 




command of the regiment, and although much of the 
time in feeble health, he was present in all its battles, — 
viz., the Wilderness, May 6-9; the " Angle," at Spottsyl- 
vania, May 12-15 ; Spottsylvania, May iS; North Anna, 
May 25-26; Tolopotomy, May 31 ; Bethesda Church, 
June 3; Cold Harbor, June 7-$ ; Petersburg, June 17; 
Petersburg Mine, July 30 ; Weldon Railroad, August 
21; Poplar Spring Church, September 30; Hatcher's 
Run, October 27-28, 1864; Petersburg, April 2, 1865. 

In breaking the Confederate lines at Petersburg, April 
2, 1865, the Seventeenth Regiment was in the front line 
of General S. G. Griffin's Second Brigade, Second Di- 
vision, Ninth Army Corps, and the first to enter the Con- 
federate works. On the 1 8th of July, 1865, Major Peck 
with his regiment returned to Burlington, Vermont, 
where they were mustered out of the United States 
service. 

In 1 868 he was appointed assistant adjutant-general, 
and in 1871 was promoted adjutant- and inspector-gen- 
eral of the State of Vermont, with the rank of brigadier- 
general, succeeding Major-General William Wells. He 
performed the duties of this office for ten years with 
efficiency ami credit, and was one of the most popular of 
the State officers. In 1SS1 he resigned, having been ap- 
pointed postmaster of Montpelier, which position he held 
at the time of his death. 

General Peck was a member of the Reunion Society 
of Vermont Officers of the War of the Rebellion, and 
for seventeen years was its secretary. He died suddenly 
from disease contracted in the army (pulmonary con- 
sumption), at Loon Lake, New York, May 28, 1884, and 
is buried in Green Mount Cemetery, Montpelier, Vermont. 

Fearless and brave as a soldier, modest and unassum- 
ing" as a gentleman, he won the love and admiration of 
his comrades-in-arms and all who knew him. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR WILLIAM H. LAMBERT, U.S.V. 

Major William II. Lambert was born in Reading, 
Pennsylvania, May 9, 1842, and during his early child- 
hood his parents removed to Philadelphia. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of the city, and graduated 
from the High School in [859 as the valedictorian of his 
class. Shortly before the outbreak of the war he began 
the stud_\- of law, which was not to continue long, as he 
early entered military service, and a new direction was 
given his life. 

Enlisting as a private in the Fifteenth Pennsylvania 
(Anderson) Cavalry August 18, [862, he served in Penn- 
sylvania and Maryland during Lee's invasion. He par- 
ticipated in the battle of Antietam and afterwards accom- 
panied the regiment to Louisville, Kentucky. Here he 
was discharged November 24, [862, to accept a commis- 
sion as first lieutenant and adjutant of the Twenty- 
seventh Xew Jersey Volunteers (nine months' troops), 
that formed part of the Ninth Corps, Army of the Poto- 
mac. He was present at the battle of Fredericksburg, 
in December, [862; was honorably mustered out July 
2, 1863; eleven days later he was appointed first lieu- 
tenant and adjutant of the Thirty-third New Jersey Vol- 
unteers. In September of the same year the regiment 
joined the Army of the Potomac, being assigned to the 
Eleventh Corps, which with the Twelfth was ordered 
West under the command of General Hooker. Lieuten- 
ant Lambert took an active part in the battles at Chatta- 
nooga (in which his horse was killed under him) and in 
the campaign for the relief of Burnside it Knoxville. 

January 16, 1864, he was commissioned captain in his 
regiment, and in May was appointed aide-de-camp upon 
the stall' of Brigadier-General Geary, commanding the 
Second Division, Twentieth Corps, — the Eleventh and 
Twelfth Corps having been consolidated as the Twentieth, 



under 1 looker, — and was subsequently appointed assistant 
inspector-general on the same staff. 

Captain Lambert took part in the Atlanta campaign, 
and in the action at Pine Hill again had his horse shot 
under him. In the famous March to the Sea and the 
campaign from Goldsborough to Raleigh, North Carolina, 
he accompanied his division, with which he marched 
northward and participated in the grand review at Wash- 
ington that celebrated the close of active hostilities. 
Upon the disbandment of Sherman's army he was as- 
signed to duty upon the staff of General Wilcox, com- 
manding the District of Washington. 

He was brevetted major, March 13, 1865, "for gallant 
and meritorious conduct during the war,'' and was honor- 
ably mustered out of service with his regiment July 17, 
[865. The " Medal of Honor" also, under resolution of 
Congress, was awarded him "for distinguished service 
during the War of the Rebellion." 

When Major Lambert's active military duties were 
over lie turned his attention to business, and in 1866 be- 
came associated with the Philadelphia General Agency of 
The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York. In 
[872 he was admitted to partnership in the management 
of the agency, and in 1887 became its head as general 
agent. 

Major Lambert is connected with various military and 
social organizations. He is a member of Post 2, Grand 
Army of the Republic, Department of Pennsylvania, and 
of the Commandery of the State of Pennsylvania, Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion, of which he was junior vice- 
commander in [887-88; of the Union League, Art, Penn, 
and United Service Clubs ; and is treasurer of the Mercan- 
tile Library. 

In 1879 he delivered the Memorial-Day address before 
Post 2, of Philadelphia, since which time his services have 
been in frequent demand for similar occasions and at 
military reunions. Among the more notable of his ad- 
dresses maybe mentioned that on " The American Navy," 
at the Grant Camp-Fire in the Philadelphia Academy of 
Music in 1879; that at the unveiling of the monument in 
the National Cemetery at Antietam, in 1880; the eulogy 
on Genera] Meade before the Department of Pennsylva- 
nia Encampment, Grand Army of the Republic, in 1880; 
tin memorial oration at the Arlington, Virginia, National 
Cemetery, in 1883 ; the annual oration before the Society 
of the .Army of the Cumberland, in 1884, the theme hieing 
Major-General George H.Thomas; and the eulogy on 
General Hancock at Gettysburg, on Memorial Day in 1886. 

Earl)- in 1892 Major Lambert was appointed a member 
of the board having charge of the public charities and cor- 
rections of Philadelphia, and September 30 of the same 
year he was appointed president of the department, a 
position of honor and of great responsibility in the wide 
exercise of a true philanthropy. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1 8; 



CAPTAIN HENRY ANSON CASTLE, U.S.V. 

Captain Henry Anson Castle was born near Quincy, 

Illinois, in 1 841 , both his parents being natives of Ver- 
mont. He was trained to mercantile pursuits, and after- 
wards received a collegiate education, graduating in 1862 
at McKendree College, Illinois. He immediately enlisted 
as a private in the Seventy-third Illinois Volunteers. 
After serving three months he was made sergeant-major 
of the regiment; was severely wounded in the battle of 
Stone River ; was appointed adjutant of the regiment by 
the colonel, January 12, 1863, "for gallantry in battle," 
but was unable to accept, being disabled by his wounds, 
on account of which he was discharged April 19, 1863. 
His service during this term was with General P. H. 
Sheridan's division, Army of the Cumberland, in the 
Perry ville campaign; march to Nashville; advance on 
Murfreesborough ; actions at Nolensville, Triune, Stew- 
art's Creek ; and battle of Stone River. When his wounds 
healed he raised a company for the One Hundred and 
Thirty-seventh Illinois, which he commanded as captain 
during its term of service, including a hard-fought action 
near Memphis, Tennessee, in August, 1864. In the inter- 
vals he studied law, was admitted to practice by the 
Supreme Court of Illinois, and opened an office in Quincy ; 
but a severe attack of hemorrhage of the lungs in 1866 
obliged him to abandon the profession and try a change 
of climate. 

Captain Castle removed to St. Paul, Minnesota, Jul}-, 
1866, and at once selected it as his future home, having 
married at the close of the war in 1865. In 1868 his 
health had so far recovered as to permit a resumption of 
business, and he established in St. Paul the wholesale 
stove depot of Comstock, Castle & Co., which he suc- 
cessfully conducted for six years. He then re-embarked 
in the legal profession, but in 1876 was chosen editor-in- 
chief of the St. Paul Dispatch, a pursuit more in accord 
with his tastes and inclinations. He conducted the Dis- 
patch for nearly nine years, most of the time being both 
editor and publisher. In 1885 he sold the Dispatch, and 
has since been principally engaged in the development of 
his valuable suburban property. 

Captain Castle has always been an active Republican, 
has been a delegate to most of the district and State con- 
ventions since 1868, and an orator in all the leading cam- 
paigns. In 1873 he was a member of the Minnesota 
Legislature. Governor Davis appointed him adjutant- 
general in 1875, and he held over during a part of Gov- 
ernor Pillsbury's term. In 1883 he was appointed State 
oil inspector by Governor Hubbard, and held the office 
four years. He was secretary and treasurer of the Re- 
publican State Central Committee a greater portion of 
the time from 1875 to 1883. In 1884 he was made chair- 




man .if th.it committee, and in that capacity conducted 
tlic Blaine and Logan campaign. 

Captain Castle was appointed postmaster of St. Paul, 
February <>, 1892, by President Harrison, and still holds 
that office, which, in magnitude and importance, ranks 
high among the first-class post-offices of the country. 
He has been closely identified with almost all the move- 
ments for the past two decades for the advancement of 
St. Paul, and is in keen sympathy with the spirit which 
has animated them. He is as ambitious as any one to 
see the city among the foremost, not only in material 
prosperity, but also in whatever makes for the comfort 
and convenience of its people. An efficient mail service is 
one of these things, and with his business skill and energy 
he will secure it if ail)- one can. 

Captain Castle has held many honorary positions, in- 
volving labor and responsibility, gratuitously contributed 
for more or less public service. Among these have been 
president of the St. Paul Library Association two years, 
director St. Paul Chamber of Commerce nineteen years, 
department commander Grand Army of the Republic 
three years, president Minnesota Editorial Association 
two years, secretary Minnesota Soldiers' Orphans' Home 
seven years, president Board of Trustees Minnesota Sol- 
diers' Home six years, etc. He is a director in several 
business corporations, besides being president of the 
North St. Paul Land Company and other institutions of 
that prosperous suburban town. 

Captain Castle is also, at this writing, vice-president of 
the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, senior vice- 
commander of the Commandery of Minnesota Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion (General Wesley Merritt, 
U. S. A., commander), and first vice-president of the St. 
Paul Chamber of Commerce. 



[88 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




CAPTAIN COLUMBUS L. WILLIAMS. U.S.V. 

Captain Columbus L. Williams was born in Morgan 
County, Ohio, September 28, 1841. He is a sun of Dr. 
L. K. Williams, a prominent physician. 

The subject 1 >f this sketch was the first man in his 
native village to respond to the call of April 15, [861, for 
seventy-five thousand volunteers. He enlisted April 29, 
[861, in Company E, Seventeenth Ohio Volunteers, and 
went with his regiment to West Virginia. When his regi- 
ment arrived at Clarksburg, West Virginia, he and a com- 
rade were detailed as scouts, and sent with important 
messages to the troops near Philippi, and were at that 
battle June 3, [861, — the first battle of the Civil War. 
He was mustered out with his regiment August [6, [861, 
and enlisted August 23, 1 86 1 , in Company G, Thirty-first 
Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and was appointed 
sergeant. He was promoted to first sergeant February [9, 
1862, and to commissary sergeant of regiment May 1, 
[862, and was commissioned second lieutenant of Com- 
pany A, December iS, 1863. He commanded Company 
G during the battles of Buzzard Roost, Georgia ; Resaca, 
Georgia; Kenesaw Mountain, and the famous Dead Line 
(where his company, August 7, 1 864, lost fourteen men 
killed and wounded) ; and all the one hundred days' fight- 
ing in front of Atlanta, Georgia. He was wounded at 
Rough and Ready, Georgia, August 31, 1864, and sent 
home mu Leave of absence, returning to his command on 



the last train that went to the front before Sherman broke 
communication for his March to the Sea. 

On joining his regiment he found a commission await- 
ing him as first lieutenant, and was mustered as regimental 
quartermaster. He went with his command on that 
memorable march. At Goldsborough, North Carolina, 
he was detached as brigade quartermaster on the staff 
of the general commanding his brigade, continuing with 
his command to Washington, where he was promoted to 
captain of Company I, but retained his position on the 
staff until his command was mustered out at Louisville, 
Kentucky, July 24, 1.865, — making one thousand four 
hundred and twenty-seven days in service in the Thirty- 
first Regiment, and one hundred and ten days in the 
Seventeenth ; a total of one thousand five hundred and 
thirty-seven days' service. During all this period he was 
actively engaged with his command at the front, partici- 
pating in the battles of Corinth, Mississippi ; Trinity, Ala- 
bama ; Perryville, Kentucky; Stone River, Tennessee; 
Rosecrans's campaign from Murfreesborough to Tulla- 
homa, Tennessee ; Hoover's Gap, Tennessee ; Chicka- 
mauga, Georgia; Brown's Ferry, Tennessee; Mission 
Ridge, Tennessee ; Resaca, Georgia ; Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, Georgia ; Beach-Tree Creek, Georgia ; siege of At- 
lanta, Georgia; 'Thomas' Station, Georgia; and Golds- 
borough, North Carolina. 

After being mustered out he returned to Roseville, 
Ohio, where he embarked in general merchandise, and 
was appointed postmaster, in which position he continued 
until 1873, when he went to Columbus, Ohio, and engaged 
in the wholesale dry-goods business. In 1879 he engaged 
in the same business at Toledo, Ohio. In July, 1880, he- 
sold out his interest and came back to Columbus, estab- 
lishing the wholesale hat and furnishing goods house 
of Williams, Judkins & Co., remaining at the head of 
that firm until he again engaged in the wholesale dry- 
goods business. He continued in that business until he- 
was compelled, on account of the wound received in the 
service, to sell out his interest. He afterwards organized 
the wholesale grocery firm of McCoy, Williams & Herd- 
man, at Zanesville, Ohio, of which firm he is now an active 
member. Captain Williams has three children, — R. B. 
Williams, who is engaged in the wholesale optical busi- 
ness in Columbus, Ohio; Rilla M.Williams; and M 
Allie, who married Mr. A. A. Greiner, a prosperous mer- 
chant and postmaster at Trinway, < >hio. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



189 



ASSISTANT PAYMASTER WILLIAM CROWELL COOK, 

U.S.N. 

Assistant Paymaster William Crowell Cook was 
born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was appointed 
acting assistant pax-master in the United States Navy 
June 30, 1862. On July 7, 1862, he was ordered to the 
United States steamer " Penguin," at New York, and 
sailed to join the East Gulf Blockading Squadron. While 
attached to this vessel, Paymaster Cook had charge of 
and thoroughly instructed the crew in small-arms and 
duties of a soldier, Paymaster Cook having been a captain 
of militia at the commencement of the war. During a 
tour of inspection, Admiral Theodorus Baily compli- 
mented him with the remark that he (Cook) had pre- 
sented to him more of the soldier than he had seen in 
his whole fleet. 

June 26, 1863, Paymaster Cook was ordered to the 
United States storeship " Fear Not," at New Orleans, 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, as United States naval 
storekeeper. Finding that the business of the squadron 
could not be properly transacted on a vessel, he took 
possession of a building (known as the Reading Press) 
occupying a whole square of ground, ami established a 
regular naval station. During this time Paymaster Cook 
was stricken with yellow fever, and for some time his life 
was despaired of; in fact.it was generally reported in the 




f*t ifis* 




squadron that he was dead. June 30, 1864, Paymaster 
Cook was commissioned assistant paymaster in the regu- 
lar navy (for merit) ; and April 3, 1865, he was appointed 
fleet paymaster of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 
relieving the senior paymaster in the navy, Mr. Edward 
T. Dunn. 

Paymaster Cook resigned June 2^, 1S66, and received 
acceptance of same on July 9, 1866. 



190 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 







BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ELLIOTT W. RICE, 
U.S.V. (deceased). 

Brevet Major-General Elliott W. Rice was born 
in Alleghany City, Pennsylvania, November 16, 1835. 
The year following his parents removed to Martinsville, 
Belmont County, Ohio. lie was educated at the old 
Lancaster Academy, Wheeling, West Virginia, and at 
Franklin College, Ohio. In 1855 he went to Iowa and 
studied law with his brother. General Samuel A. Rice, 
and in 1858 graduated at the law school of the Univer- 
sity of Albany, New York, and was admitted to the bar 
of the Supreme Court of that State. He then returned 
to Oskaloosa, Iowa, and practised his profession as partner 
of his brother. 

When the war commenced he was mustered into ser- 
vice in Inly, 1 86 1 , as a private in the Seventh Iowa In- 
fantry, lie was soon promoted sergeant, and after the 
regiment had entered the held, Governor Kirkwood sent 
Rice his commission as major of the regiment .August 1, 
[861. On the 7th of November following the Seventh 
Iowa went into Grant's first battle, that of Belmont. 
The command of the regiment fell upon Major Rice, the 
colonel being wounded and carried from the field and 
the lieutenant-colonel being killed. Rice had already 
lost one horse and was badly wounded, but with hi-- regi- 
ment he charged through the enemy's line and covered 
the retreat of the troops to the boats, three miles up 
the river. The regiment then participated in the capture 
of Fort Donelson, Major Rice, who had joined before 
having fully recovered from his wounds, taking part in 
the fiidit on crutches. After this battle Rice was made 
colonel of the regiment, and participated in the battle of 
Shiloh, where the regiment gained additional laurels, and 
then engaged in the two days' battle of Corinth, where it 
lost one-third of its numbers. 



After the battle of Corinth the Seventh pursued the 
rebels as far south as Rienzi, then was sent to the out- 
post Boneyard. From this point Colonel Rice was sent 
to Bethel, Tennessee, and took command of the post and 
district. From here he was ordered to Lagrange, Ten- 
nessee, and disposed his troops along the railroad be- 
tween Memphis and Corinth. While here the rebel gen- 
eral Chalmers attacked one of his posts at Colliersville. 
The attack was repulsed, and Rice with the Second and 
Seventh Iowa and Fifty-seventh Ohio followed the enemy 
several miles below Holly Springs, Mississippi. 

The grand movement from Chattanooga to Atlanta 
and the sea having been determined upon, Rice was or- 
dered with his brigade to Pulaski, Tennessee. En route 
there, the Seventh " veteranized" and returned to Iowa 
on thirty days' furlough, at the expiration of which it 
rendezvoused at Keokuk. Here Colonel Rice was com- 
pelled to use not only strategy, but much individual au- 
thority, in procuring transportation. But by perseverance 
he succeeded in reaching Pulaski ahead of other troops 
that had been waiting for days at Cairo, and assumed 
command of his old brigade, entering upon the grand 
campaign. 

It would be impossible to describe in this brief sketch 
the various engagements ; it is sufficient to say that he 
participated in the battles of Resaca, Dallas, Kencsau 
Mountain, Big Shanty, Nickajack Creek, and investment 
of Atlanta. 

After these battles Colonel Rice was promoted briga- 
dier-general, and retained his old command, and with it 
made the March to the Sea. Savannah was captured in 
December, and thence the army moved on to Columbia, 
Goldsborough, Raleigh, and the last battle engaged in 
by General Rice was at Bentonville, North Carolina, 
after which Johnston's rebel army surrendered. General 
Rice was brevetted major-general " for gallant and dis- 
tinguished services during the war." 

After the grand review in Washington, General Rice's 
troops were disbanded at Louisville, and the general made 
his home at Washington City, where he engaged in the 
practice of law until declining health compelled him to 
seek a more healthful climate. In 1885 he removed to 
Sioux City, where his only surviving sister, Mrs. H. B. 
Rice, resided, and where he lingered for nearly two years. 
Here he was surrounded by every comfort and received 
every attention that lining hands could administer, until 
finally, June 22, 1887, he died at the age of fifty-two 
years. The rebel bullet that pierced him at Belmont was 
carried in his body through life, and he came out of the 
service with seven wounds. To the last he had bright 
smiles and cheery words f, >r all. " No tears for me, — only 
smiles," he said ; "be bright and cheerful, not sad," and 
so, instead of crape being placed upon the door, a wreath 
of flowers was huns* instead. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



191 



BREVET COLONEL HENRY PAGE, U.S.V. 

Brevet Colonel Henry P.v.e enlisted May 8, 1861, 
at Boston, Massachusetts, in the Eleventh Massachusetts 
Volunteers, for three years or during the war, and was 
promoted second lieutenant for gallant conduct at the 
first battle of Bull Run. He was assigned to duty on 
the staff of General Joseph Hooker, and accompanied 
his command to the Peninsula, where he was assigned to 
duty at head-quarters of the Army of the Potomac, re- 
porting to General Rufus Ingalls, chief quartermaster. 
In November, 1862, he was appointed captain and assist- 
ant quartermaster U. S. Volunteers, for meritorious ser- 
vices at Antietam. He served continuously at the head- 
quarters of the Army of the Potomac during all its cam- 
paigns, until it arrived in front of Petersburg in May, 1864. 

Colonel Page was the bearer of the historical despatch 
from General Grant in the Wilderness, " I will fight it out 
on this line, if it takes .all summer;" made his way 
through the lines, accompanied by one orderly from the 
Oneida cavalry, and delivered the despatches to the com- 
mander of the U. S. gunboat on the James River, who 
immediately proceeded to Washington with them. 

In June, 1864, Colonel Page was assigned to duty at 
General Grant's head-quarters at City Point, Virginia, 
and in July, 1864, was assigned as acting chief quarter- 
master of the Cavalry Corps of the .Arm)- of the Poto- 
mac. He accompanied General Sheridan with two di- 
visions of the cavalry (Torbert's and Custer's) and the 
Sixth Army Corps to the Shenandoah Valley. When 
General Sheridan was placed in command of the Middle 
Military Division, Colonel Page was assigned as acting 
chief quartermaster of his command, and received pro- 
motion to the rank of lieutenant-colonel and chief quar- 
termaster of the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the 
Potomac. He remained on duty as acting chief quar- 
termaster of General Sheridan's command until the close 
of the war, having served continuously in the field from 
its commencement, and was three times brevetted, — 
major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel. He had been at- 
tached to the staff corps of Generals McClellan, Burn- 
side, Hooker, Meade, Torbert, Grant, Sheridan, Hancock, 
Reynolds, C. H. Smith, and Orel, and was honorably dis- 
charged at Little Rock, Arkansas, Jul)-, 1867. 




Locating at Little Rock, Arkansas, at the close ot the 
war, he was twice elected and served seven years as 
treasurer of Arkansas, when he resigned with all ac- 
counts settled. For four years *he was chief engineer of 
the Little Rock Volunteer Fire Department. 

In 1879 he was appointed United States Indian agent 
for the Southern Ute Indians in Colorado, and was with 
them during and after the Meeker massacre by the Rio 
Blanco Utes. He succeeded by his influence in pre- 
venting the Weemanuche, Muache, and Capote bands 
from joining in the hostilities, and made the treaty with 
the confederated L T tcs which removed all the L'tcs 
except the Southern band from Colorado, after the 
commission appointed for that purpose had failed. He 
was appointed a member of the Ute Indian commission, 
and assisted in the location of the Ute Indians in Utah. 
On the completion of these duties he remained in Salt 
Lake City, where he was elected commander of the 
Department of Utah, Grand Army of the Republic. 

For several years last past he has been United States 
disbursing agent and chief clerk of the Utah commission 
in Salt Lake City, which commission has control, under 
the United States laws (Edmunds act), of all elections in 
Utah Territory. 



"y- 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {.volunteer) 




COLONEL HENRY MARTYN PORTER, U.S.V. 

Colonel Henry Martyn Porter was born April 25, 
1835, in Middlebury, Vermont, to which place his father, 
Cyrus Porter, had moved about 1830 from his birthplace, 
Farmington, Connecticut, which place was also the birth- 
place of Noah Porter, late president of Yale College, who 
was a near relative of Cyrus Pinter. 

Colonel Porter remained at Middlebury until 1857, 
when he graduated at Middlebury College. He spent 
the next two years in teaching, and then in the fall of 
[859 engaged in mercantile business in New York. In 
July, 1S60, he joined the Seventh New York National 
Guard, and made the first campaign of the war with that 
regiment, leaving New York April 19, [861. In Novem- 
ber, [861, he returned to Vermont, where he recruited ,1 



company for the Seventh Vermont Infantry at his native 
place. He was elected captain of the company January 
15, 1862, and served with the regiment until April 6, 
1866, when it was mustered out of service at Brattlebor- 
1 »ugh, Vermi int. 

In the first engagement in which the regiment partici- 
pated, at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, August 5, 1862, in the 
thickest of the fight, by the falling of the colonel of the 
regiment, he was left in command, and the report of the 
committee appointed to investigate the conduct of the 
regiment in that engagement says, "Upon the fall of the 
colonel, therefore, the command of the regiment de- 
volved upon Captain (now Major) Porter, who seems to 
have behaved creditably in a trying position." He was 
commissioned major of this regiment August 28, 1862 ; 
lieutenant-colonel June 29, 1865, and colonel September 
I, 1865. In March, 1863, he was placed on detached 
service in Provost-Marshal Department, and served as 
provost-marshal at Donaldsonville during the summer of 
1863 ; then at Brashear City in October, 1863, during the 
campaign into the Teche country ; and near the end of 
I li toiler he was ordered to New ( Means to take the po- 
sition of provost-marshal of the city and parish of New 
Orleans, which position he held until the end of July, 
1864. 

During the winter of 1864-65 he was detailed for 
various duty on commissions, etc., in New Orleans. In 
June, [865, he joined his regiment on the Rio Grande in 
Texas, and remained with it until mustered out. Soon 
after the war he connected himself with the National 
Bank-Note Company of New York, and is now connected 
with the American Bank-Note Company, its successor. 

He married Miss Nina Fremont, the niece and adopted 
daughter of General John C. Fremont, July 28, 1S64. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



*92 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL HENRY MARTYN 
HOYT, U.S.V. (deceased). 

Brevet Brigadier-General Henry Martyn Hoyt 
was born at Kingston, Luzerne Count)-, Pennsylvania, 
June 8, 1830. Both of his grandfathers were descendants 
of early New England settlers, and had served in the 
Revolutionary War, emigrating to Pennsylvania from 
Connecticut shortly thereafter. His father was a lieu- 
tenant in the War of 1812, serving on the Niagara fron- 
tier, and was specially commended for bravery at the 
battle of the Thames. 

General Hoyt received his early education in the schools 
of his native county, at Lafayette College, and graduated 
from Williams College, Massachusetts, in the class of 
1849. After teaching for a time he read law with the 
late Chief-Justice George W. Woodward, of the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania, and was admitted to the Luzerne 
County bar in 1S53. 

General Hoyt was largely instrumental in raising the 
Fifty-second Pennsylvania Infantry, and was commis- 
sioned lieutenant-colonel thereof. The regiment readied 
Washington about November 1, [861, and on the 11th 
was organized with other regiments into a provisional 
brigade, and placed in command of the senior colonel. 
Afterwards, these regiments were made a permanent 
brigade, and became the First Brigade, First Division, 
Fourth Army Corps. During the operations on the 
Peninsula, the Fifty-second bore a conspicuous part, 
serving throughout the reconnoissances at Bottom's 
Bridge and at Seven Pines. The regiment was engaged 
at Fair Oaks, suffering great loss, and it also constituted 
part of the force assigned to the duty of holding the 
bridges across the Chickahominy during the flank move- 
ment of the army to the James River. 

From August until December, [862, the brigade formed 
part of the garrisons of Yorktown and Gloucester Point, 
Virginia, and then received orders to report to General 
Foster, at Port Royal, South Carolina. After several 
unsuccessful attacks by combined naval and military 
forces of the United States on the defences of Charleston 
harbor, ending with the desperate assault on Fort Wagner, 
it became evident that a regular siege was necessary, and 
the brigade in the summer of 1863 settled down to that 
work on Morris Island, and Fort Wagner was reduced, 
and on September 5, 1863, was occupied by the Fifty- 
second with other Northern regiments. In January, 1S64, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Hoyt was commissioned colonel of 
the regiment. In June of that year General Foster de- 
vised a plan for the capture of Charleston. The part 
assigned to the Fifty-second was the capture of Fort 
Johnson by a night attack. Colonel Hoyt, leading one 
hundred and thirty-five of his men, scaled the parapet of 
the fort in face of a direct fire ; but the expected support 
having for some unexplained reason failed to arrive, they 
25 



/ 







were obliged to surrender to the superior force of the 
garrison, losing one-fourth of their number in killed and 
wounded. Colonel I loyt's commanding officer says in his 
report, " Had you been supported as your brave conduct 
deserved, it would have ensured the success of the import- 
ant operations then being carried on against Charleston." 

For two months Colonel Hoyt was confined in Charles- 
ton jail and at Macon, Georgia. He was transferred from 
the latter place to Charleston, with other officers, to be 
placed under fire of the Federal guns in retaliation for the 
bombardment of the city. He was then exchanged, and 
rejoined his regiment on Morris Island. 

After the surrender of Charleston, the Fifty-second was 
incorporated with Sherman's great column, and was pres- 
ent at Raleigh when Johnston surrendered. The regiment 
was mustered out of service in July, 1865, and Colonel 
Hoyt was brevetted brigadier-general "for gallant and 
meritorious service in the field." 

He resumed the practice of his profession at Wilkes- 
barre. In 1867 he was appointed by Governor Geary 
to the Common Pleas Bench of Luzerne County. In 
1878 he was nominated for governor of Pennsylvania 
by the Republican party, and was elected by a large 
plurality. His administration was wise and dignified, and 
marked by extensive reforms in prison management, and 
by ,1 large reduction and a successful refunding of the 
State debt. 

At the expiration of his term of office, Governor Hoyt 
returned to the practice of his profession in Philadelphia 
and Wilkesbarre. He died at the latter place on De- 
cember 1, 1892. He was a member of the Board of 
Trustees of Williams College for some years previous to 
his death, and received the degree of Doctor of Laws 
from Lafayette College and from the University of Penn- 
sylvania. 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 




CAPTAIN JUDSON NEWELL CROSS. U.S.V. 

( ' attain [udson Newell Cross, of Minneapolis, Minn., 
was horn fan. [6,1838, in the town of Philadelphia, Jeffer- 
son County, N. Y. His father is Rev. Gorham Cross, 
for fifty-three years a Congregational minister at Rich- 
ville, X. V. His mother was Sophia Murdock, of Town- 
shend, Vermont. When he was seventeen years old he 
went to Oberlin College, < )hio. He was the second one 
to sign the roll .it the great church at ( )berlin, April 20, 
[861, when a hundred college students enlisted in a half- 
hour and became the somewhat famous Company C, 
Seventh Ohio Infantry; was elected fust lieutenant April 
29, (86i ; was with his regiment through the several cam- 
paigns in West Virginia, under Generals McClellan, Rose- 
1 rans, and Cox, in [861 ; was editor of the Ohio Scventli 
at Weston, W. Va., published July 4, 1 Si 11, the first paper 
published by Union soldiers on secession type, press, and 
soil ; was severely wounded in the arm and shoulder, and 
taken prisoner, at the battle of Cross Lanes in West Vir- 
ginia, August 26, [86] ; was in the rebel camp hospital 
during the battle ol Carnifax Ferry, September to, where 
Rosecrans first won his fame; and at the ferry the next 
day, Major Rutherford B. Hayes (ex-President) built a 
raft, and crossing the swift mountain-stream, the Gauley 
River, recaptured him, and he was taken by slow stages 
to the Marine Hospital at Cincinnati. 

November 25, 1861, lie was promoted captain of Com- 
pany K, Seventh Ohio Infantry. Was recruiting officer 
at Cleveland, O. ; rejoined his regiment early in 1863 a] 
Dumfries, Virginia. On the anniversary of his recapture, 
Sept. 1 I, [862, .it < >berlin, Ohio, he married Clara Steele 
Norton, a descendant of John Steele, the leader of the 
founders of Connecticut. On account of his wound he 
resigned Feb. 9, 1863, and commenced the study of law 
at the Albany Law Schools; but June 13, 1863, he was 



commissioned first lieutenant in the Fifth Veteran Reserve 
Corps, and promoted captain Oct. 28, 1863. In Decem- 
ber, 1863, he was placed in command of the military post 
at Madison, Indiana, remaining until April, 1864, when 
he was made adjutant-general of the Military District of 
Indiana, and chief of staff of the commanding general of 
that district; was ordered to Kentucky during Morgan's 
raid. In |uly, 1864, he was ordered to Washington, and 
appointed assistant provost-marshal of the District of 
Washington. In November, 1864, he was appointed 
provost-marshal of Georgetown, D. C, and soon after 
special mustering officer, to muster for pay, at Annapolis, 
Aid, the eighteen thousand returned prisoners of war from 
Andersonville. In [864 he suggested, in a letter to Gen- 
eral Grant, a plan for demolishing the forts around Peters- 
burg and Richmond by dropping nitroglycerin and torpe- 
does from balloons, a plan of warfare likely to come into 
vogue in future wars. About the same time, in a letter to 
Gen. James B. Frye, he suggested a plan for a photographic, 
descriptive, and military record of every soldier in the 
United States. 1 le resigned his commission and was hon- 
orably discharged March [6, 1865. He finished his law 
studies at Columbia College and Albany Law Schools, 
graduating in the spring of 1 866. He at once commenced 
the practice of law at Lyons, Iowa, where for about ten 
years lie was a partner of the Hon. A. R. Cotton ; was 
mayor of the city of Lyons in 1S71 ; came to Minneapolis 
in ( Ictober, 1875, and formed a law partnership with his old 
classmate, now Judge 1 1. G. Hicks. In [879, in a series of 
articles, he aroused the attention of the people of the North- 
west to the necessity of a railroad from Minneapolis and 
St. Paul around the north shore of Lake Michigan to the 
east, which resulted in the construction of the great "Soo" 
line ; was three times elected city attorney of Minneapolis, 
and held the office from [883 to 1 887. lie was the origi- 
nator and author of the famous and novel "patrol limits" 
ordinance and charter provision of Minneapolis, which he 
maintained in the courts, limiting the licensing of saloons to 
the immediate business centre of the city, about one-twelfth 
of the territory, where the saloons can be actively watched 
by the police. He brought suits, also pioneers of their 
kind, and compelled the railroads passing through the city 
to sink their tracks about fourteen feet and build iron 
bridges over four of the principal avenues of the city. 
He was appointed by the Legislature a member of the first 
Board of Park Commissioners of Minneapolis in 1883. He 
was a member of the Board of Immigration Commission- 
ers who were sent to European countries in 1891 by the 
United States to observe matters in reference to immigra- 
tion to the United States, and while in England he ferreted 
out and reported to the government the method of send- 
ing English prisoners, out of English prisons, to theL T nited 
States, through the agency of the Prisoners' Aid Societies, 
at the expense of the British government, 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'95 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL JOSEPH R. HAWLEY, 
U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General Joseph R. Hawi ia was horn 
at Stewartsville, Richmond Count}-, North Carolina, ( )c- 
tober 31, 1826; graduated at Hamilton College, New 
York, in 1847 ; was admitted to the bar in 1850, at I fart- 
ford, Connecticut, where he has since resided. He be- 
came editor of the Hartford Evening Press in 1 S^j , which 
was consolidated with the Courant in [867. 

On the President's first call for troops, in 1861, Hawley 
volunteered to enter the government service as a soldier, 
drawing up the enlistment paper in the presence of a few 
friends and affixing his own name to it as the first. In 
twenty-four hours a company was formed and he chosen 
one of its lieutenants. On the advancement of his cap- 
tain to a colonelcy, Hawley was promoted to the cap- 
taincy. His regiment was soon sent to the front, and 
participated in the first battle of Pull Run, where Cap- 
tain Hawley's conduct was such as to secure commenda- 
tory mention in the report of General Keyes ; and while 
returning from that disastrous field his coolness and 
courage were so marked as to excite the special attention 
of correspondents. At the end of three months Captain 
Hawley was mustered out of service ; but after a week 
of rest he commenced to raise a company. At Colonel 
Terry's request, he went out with the Seventh Connecti- 
cut Infantry, and shared all the dangers and privations of 
the Port Royal expedition. Although brought to the 
verge of the grave by sickness occasioned during the 
siege of Fort Pulaski, he was on duty when the fire opi ned, 
and was field-officer of the trenches on the morning of 
the fight, being at the batteries every moment for thirty 
hours until the fort surrendered. 

On Colonel Terry's promotion, Captain Hawley was 
promoted colonel, and he requested to have his regiment 
share in the movement against Charleston. He partici- 
pated in the battle of Secessionville, where his conduct 
again won the hearty commendation of General Stevens, 
Ins division commander. Colonel Hawley also partici- 
pated in the battle of Pocotaligo, where his coolness and 
intrepidity distinguished him throughout the engagement. 
After this, in the interval of more active operations, Colo- 
nel Hawley was sent to Florida in the discharge of a 
trust requiring administrative ability, discretion, firmness, 
and integrity. He was in command first at Fernandina, 
and then at St. Augustine, where, as General Hunter said, 
" He performed the various and most important duties of 
his trust with great gallantry and ability." 

When the movement was made against port Wagner, 
Colonel Hawley requested permission to take his com- 
mand to Morris Island and participate. As field-officer 
of the trenches he was in charge at the opening of the 
first two days' bombardment of Wagner, under the hottest 
fire, and for a time commanded the brigade of General 




Stevenson. When General Seymour prepared for his 
Florida campaign, he selected Colonel Hawley as one of 
his brigade commanders, and at the battle of < Mustcc 
Colonel Hawley's brigade commenced the fight, and the 
Seventh Connecticut was the last regiment out. 

In April, 1863, Colonel Hawley, with his regiment, 
w as ordered to Virginia, and he was assigned to the com- 
mand of a brigade in Terry's division of the Tenth Corps, 
Army of the lames. He was engaged in the battle of 
I >ivw ry's Bluff, and his conspicuous gallantry in the 
three days of that fight called forth warm praise from 
his gallant and fearless commander, General George J. 
Stannard. The campaign before Richmond and Peters- 
burg was an almost unintermitted series of battles and 
skirmishes, of which Colonel Hawley had a full share. 
For his conduct at Deep Run, General Birney requested 
General Terry to forward a recommendation for his pro- 
motion. This was approved by Generals Birney and 
Butler, and in the following September Colonel Hawley 
was made brigadier-general. 

General Hawley participated in the battle of Darby- 
town Road, October 13, 1864, and again distinguished 
himself. When General Terry went to Port Fisher, Gen- 
eral Hawley was placed in command of his division, 
after which the latter joined his brigade at Wilmington, 
North Carolina, and General Schofield assigned him the 
duty of keeping open his lines of communication, in 
which capacity he served until and after the cessation of 
hostilities, when he was brevetted major-general of vol- 
unteers, and mustered out January 15, 1866. 

General Hawley was elected Governor of Connecticut 
in 1866. In 1872 he was elected a representative in 
Congress; was re-elected to the Forty-third Congn 
ami again elected to the Forty-sixth Congress; was 
elected to the United States Senate in 18S1, and 
continued there ever since. 



196 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (.volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL THOMAS JEFFERSON 
JORDAN, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Thomas Jefferson Jor- 
dan was born December 3, 1 82 1 , at Walnut Hill, Dauphin 
County, Pennsylvania. His father was Benjamin Jordan, 
who fur several terms represented his county in the Senate 
and 1 louse of Representatives of his State. Hi-, grand- 
father was Thomas Jordan, who was a major in the Revo- 
lutionary War, and served in the division commanded by 
General Anthony Wayne through the whole war. Hi.s 
paternal grandmother was a sister of Colonel John Steele, 
also of the Revolution. His mother was a daughter of 
Edward Crouch, who represented Pennsylvania in Con- 
gress from 1 8 10 to 1814. His maternal grandmother was 
a daughter of Colonel James Potter, also of Revolutionary 
note. 

( >n the day after the firing upon Fort Sumter, General 
Thomas J. Jordan was mustered into the service as an 
aide, with the rank of major, upon the staff of Major- 
General W, H. Keim. Major Jordan had his baptism of 
fire on the 2d day of July, 1 861, at the battle of Falling 
Waters, where the division under General Keim met and 
defeated the brigade of Colonel (Stonewall) Jackson, of 
the rebel army. 

General Jordan at once, with other officers, proceeded 
to recruit a regiment of cavalry ( which at first was named 
by the Secretary of War, who appointed the field officei 1, 
the Lochiel Cavalry ; but it afterwards became the Ninth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry. October 22. [861, the subject of 
this -ketch was mustered into the service as first major of 
this regiment, and November JO, the regiment being full, 
it was ordered and proceeded to Louisville, Kentucky, 
with orders to report to Major-General Don C. Buell. 

During the year [862 Major Jordan was engaged in 
the actions at Lebanon and Spring Creek, Tennessee: 



Moore's Hill, Tompkinsville, Glasgow, Paris, Lexington, 
and the battles of Richmond and Perryville, Kentucky. 

January 13, 1863, Major Jordan was promoted colonel 
of his regiment, and was engaged in the raid into Ten- 
nessee with General Carter, from December 22 to January 
1 3, 1 863, participating in the following actions and battles : 
Carter's Station, Watauga and Hoston Bridge, Franklin, 
Thompson's Station, Spring Hill, Brentwood, Davis's 
Mill, Harpeth, Franklin, Triune, Eaglesville, Guy's Gap, 
Shelby ville, Klk River, Cowan, Lafayette, battle of Chicka- 
mauga, Mossy Creek, Dandridge, Fairgarden, Frankfort, 
battle of Recdyvillc, and action of Woodbury. 

In the march upon Atlanta, under General W. T. 
Sherman, Colonel Jordan was constantly to the front, and 
it might truly be said he never was out of the sound of 
artillery and small-arms for almost one hundred days. 
It was a constant battle from Dalton to Atlanta. After 
the fall of Atlanta he was assigned to the First Brigade, 
Third Division of Cavalry, Army of Georgia, and started 
on the " March to the Sea" November 15, reaching Savan- 
nah Dec. 10, 1864, having participated in the actions of 
Lovejoy's Station, Macon (Ga.), Griswoldville, Sylvan 
Grove, and Waynesborough; and took part in the siege 
of Savannah. 

February 3, 1865, he crossed the Savannah River at 
Sifter's Ferry, and inarched through South and North 
Carolina, participating in the actions of Blacksville, John- 
ston's Station, and Gunther's Bridge; capture of Lexing- 
ton; action of Monroe's Cross-Roads ; battles of Averys- 
borough and Bentonville, and the capture of Raleigh. 
North Carolina, where he drove Wheeler and Hampton 
from Raleigh to Morrisville, a distance of twelve miles, 
fighting the whole day, and received the flag of truce 
carried by Colonel Wade Hampton, of the staff of General 
Johnston, which brought a letter to General Sherman, 
asking a meeting to confer as to the terms of a surrender 
of his army. 

April 17 and 26 Colonel Jordan commanded the escort 
of General Sherman to meet General Johnston, and was 
present at the surrender of the army. 

At the battle of Johnston's Station, near Aitken, South 
Carolina, Colonel Jordan saved General Kilpatrick and 
the Second Brigade from defeat, he being far outnumbered 
by the enemy under Hampton and Wheeler, and at the 
battle of Averysborough he sustained the action four 
hours until he was reinforced. He was brevetted briga- 
dier-general of volunteers February 25, 1865, " for gallant 
and meritorious services." Colonel Jordan was once cap- 
tured and retained as a prisoner of war for five months. 

The war being over, on the 1 8th of July Colonel Jordan 
was mustered out of the service of the United States, and 
retired to private life at his old home in Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania. At present his resilience is in the city of Phila- 
delphia. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



197 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL EDWARD WELLMAN 
SERRELL. U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Edward William Ser- 
rell is the sixth son of William and Anne Serrell, of 
New York, and was born in 1826. He was educated in 
the School of the General Society of Mechanics and 
Tradesmen of the City of New York, and the Collegiate 
School of Leggett and Guillandeau, from the latter of 
which he graduated at the head of his class and the head 
of the school. I lis father anil older brother being civil 
engineers, he went from school into their office, and was 
soon afterwards employed on the surveys in and about 
New York City. He greatly regretted being too young 
to go into the Mexican War. He was then employed in 
the building of the Atlantic Docks, the Northern Rail- 
road of New Hampshire, the Harlem Branch, and the 
Central New Jersey Railroad. In the fall of 1848 General 
Serrell was employed under the United States govern- 
ment, and had charge of one of the exploring parties on 
the Isthmus of Panama. The surveys made at the time 
made the Panama Railroad a possibility. Returning from 
Panama in 1S49, he was made chief engineer of the Niagara 
Bridge Company, and constructed the suspension bridge 
at Queenstown, completing it in 185 1 , and soon after built 
the bridge over the upper end of the harbor of St. John, 
which has now been in use over forty years. He was one 
of the commissioners of public works of New Brunswick, 
after which he had charge of some of the explorations for 
the Intercolonial Railway and the Pacific Railways. He 
was sent for by the city of Bristol, in England, to report 
upon the bridge over the Avon at that place, which was 
then built, following his suggestions, and is to-day the 
largest span in England. It is said that he was the first 
American engineer ever sent for to go to England profes- 
sionally relating to public works. Afterwards General 
Serrell had charge of the great Hoosic Tunnel. Before 
he was old enough to be legally qualified, he joined the 
Third Regiment of Artillery of New York (subsequently 
reorganized and made the Eighth Infantry), which is at this 
time, as it was then, the oldest organization of militia in 
the United States. It had been bodyguard to Gen. Wash- 
ington. From private he rose through different grades, 
and when the service was reorganized he was made cap- 
tain of engineers on the general staff At the breaking 
out of the war of the Rebellion he was major of engi- 
neers, and at the same time engaged in building a railroad 
in New Jersey. 

Within three days of the firing upon Fort Sumter, Gen. 
Serrell, having tendered his services to the government, was 
looking over the ground, with a view of fortifying Wash- 
ington, but soon returned to New Jersey and began the or- 
ganization of a regiment of field artillery. When McClel- 
lan was placed in command of the army, Gen. Serrell was 
ordered to form a " Corps of Volunteer Engineer Officers 




and Soldiers." Six companies of one hundred men each 
were thus raised, and he was commissioned lieutenant-col- 
onel in the Corps of Volunteer Engineer Officers and Sol- 
diers, and in October, 1 861, joined Sherman's expedition to 
Port Royal. General Serrell participated in the capture of 
Morris Island, and in all the operations for the capture of 
Charleston, S. C. At the commencement of the siege of 
Pulaski he was made colonel of his regiment, ami the regi- 
ment was reorganized into three battalions of four compa- 
nies each, and the capabilities of his command were wonder- 
fully tested. On one occasion they constructed a gunboat, 
mounting six guns, and had it all ready tor action between 
nine o'clock Monday morning and noon of Thursday 
of the same week. General Serrell, during the siege of 
Charleston, planned and personally superintended the a in- 
struction of the works known as the" Swamp Angel," and 
which were spoken of by European authorities as the most 
remarkable engineering achievement of the war. I le was 
transferred, with two I >attalii ins 1 if his regiment, to the Army 
1 >f the James, and took part in what was done about Peters- 
burg and Bermuda Hundred, building Fort Pocahontas 
and rebuilding Fort Powhatan, and planning and conduct- 
ing the siege of Fort Harrison. In 1864 Gen. Serrell was 
offered promotion, but declined it, preferring to remain with 
his own troops. At the battle of Drewry's Bluff he had the 
roads opened and way made read)', by which the Tenth 
Corps was enabled to support the Eighteenth in its retreat. 
It is impossible, in this short sketch, to enumerate Gen. 
Serrell's services. He was ordered on special scientific 
duty, and while engaged in it was, without his knowledge, 
mustered out of service. As he had no desire to continue 
li mger in it, and as it was near the close of the war, he ac- 
cepted the situation, and was brevetted brigadier-general 
of volunteers. General Serrell is the author of a number 
of useful and practical inventions, some of which are so 
valuable as to be kept secret by the government. 



198 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM W. BELKNAP, 
U.S.V. (deceased). 

Brevet Major-General William W. Belknap was 
bom in New York State in 1829, and graduated from 
Princeton College in 1848. J [is father was a distinguished 
officer of the regular army, and served with honor in the 
earlier wars of the country. For personal gallantry he 
had been brevetted brigadier-general at the battle of 
Buena Vista, but died in Texas while in his country's 
service. 

General Belknap studied law at Washington City, and 
entered upon his profession at Keokuk, Iowa, as partner 
of the Hon. Ralph P. Lowe, and was in successful prac- 
tice in that city at the commencement of the War of the 
Rebellion. He was at the time captain of a company of 
militia, and Governor Kirkwood commissioned him major 
of the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry. The regiment was or- 
ganized at Keokuk February 22, [862, and left fir St. 
Louis March [9 following. From there it was ordered 
to Pittsburg Landing, and it reported to General Prentiss 
April 6, while the cannon of Shiloh were thundering and 
the wounded and flying seeking the rear. It was at once 
ordered into the thickest of the fight. Without training, 
without experience, in this fiery baptism the men bore 
themselves like true soldiers. The colonel, major, and 
adjutant were wounded. 

General Belknap's courage, presence of mind in posts 
of danger, and cool sense in leading men, soon made him 
colonel of the regiment. He led his brave command in 



the battle of Corinth, and won for himself the praise of 
his brigade commander. All through the Vicksburg 
campaign his history and that of the regiment are one, 
though for a time he had served on the staff of General 
McPherson. In the great Atlanta campaign he bore a 
conspicuous part. In the terrible struggle of the 22d of 
Jul)-, Belknap and Hedrick were taking a noonday lunch 
when the unexpected and terrible assault was commenced 
on the front, flank, and rear of their command. They 
precipitated themselves at once into the fight, and Bel- 
knap's personal valor on that occasion brought him just 
renown. The w hole division in which the Iowa regiments 
served fought like tigers, and a disaster to the left wing, 
if not to the whole of Sherman's army, was averted 
largely by the Iowa soldiers. To Belknap's regiment fell 
some of the severest fighting of the war. There was no 
battle-front. Every post and every direction was the post 
and direction of danger. Both Hedrick and the gallant 
McPherson were killed. "Colonel Belknap," says the 
division commander in his report, " displayed all the 
qualities of an accomplished soldier." 

On the 30th of July he was made a brigadier-general, 
and was put in command of the famous Crocker brigade. 
In the succeeding battles about Atlanta, General Belknap 
\\Dii additional reputation as a clear-headed man in battle, 
and in the autumn following led his gallant brigade with 
Sherman in his March to the Sea. In the short siege of 
Savannah, at the taking of Columbia, and at Bentonville 
(Sherman's last battle of the war) Belknap's command 
occupied, as ever, responsible and arduous positions. 

When the great review of the armies at Washington 
was over, General Belknap was placed in command for a 
while of a division, and then of a corps, being at the same 
time brevetted major-general of volunteers. His career 
drew to him the confidence and friendship of General 
Grant, who, after his muster-out of the United States 
service, gave him a valuable civil appointment as a reve- 
nue collector in Iowa. Subsequently, during General 
Grant's second term as President of the United States, 
General Belknap was called to a place in the Cabinet as 
Secretary of War. He resigned from this position towards 
the close of General Grant's administration, and practised 
his profession at Washington City until his death, which 
occurred in [882 at Washington. 

General Belknap was the beau ideal of an American 
soldier, — a man of the finest physique, courageous to an 
extreme, in love with the profession of arms, of popular 
manners, and a patriot. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



199 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM EDWARD MILLER, U.S.V. 

Captain William Edward Miller (Third Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Cavalry) was born at West Hill, Cum- 
berland County, Pennsylvania, February 5, 1836. His 
great-grandfather, .Abraham Miller, came in his youth 
from Germany in 1738, and was one of the pioneers of 
the iron industry in Lebanon Count}-. He served as a 
soldier in the Revolutionary army. Another great-grand- 
father, Augustus Rover, also a native of German}-, after 
graduating from Heidelberg University, came to Penn- 
sylvania, and also served as a soldier in the Revolutionary 
army. Captain Miller's father was a merchant residing 
in Cumberland Count}-, and served in the State Senate 
1 S67-7 1 . 

Captain Miller enlisted August 8, 1861, as a private in 
an independent company of cavalry, which had been 
organized in 1 S 14, known as the " Big Spring Adaman- 
tine Guards," composed of the best men of the Cumber- 
land Valley. He was at once elected and mustered in 
as second lieutenant of the company, which immediately, 
upon the first call of the government for cavalry for 
three years' service, proceeded to Washington. With 
other independent companies from Pennsylvania, Dela- 
ware, and the District of Columbia, the first to reach the 
capital in response to the call, a regiment was organized 
under the name of Young's Kentucky Light Cavalry, 
which name was shortly afterwards changed to the Third 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, although its rolls bore 
the earliest enlistments of an}- of the cavalry regiments 
for the three years' service, the consequence of its tem- 
porarily bearing the other name being its loss of numeri- 
cal priority. Shortly afterwards it was reorganized under 
the colonelcy of William W. Averell, an officer of the 
Fifth L T nited States Cavalry. After serving for some 
time in the defences of Washington, Miller and his corn- 
pan}-, " H," saw much arduous service with the Army of 
the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula, some idea of 
which can be obtained from the article by General 
Averell, entitled " With the Cavalry on the Peninsula," 
in "Battles and Leaders of the Civil War," vol. ii. p. 429, 
where he is particularly mentioned. Lieutenant Miller 
was present with his company at the battles and action; 
of Yorktown, Williamsburg, Savage's Station, Jordan's 
Ford, Charles City Cross-Roads, and Malvern Hill, 
besides several engagements of less importance. He com- 
manded the rear-guard in the retrograde movement of the 
Army of the Potomac from Malvern Hill, Jul}- 2, 1S62, 
and was the last man to cross Turkey Creek Bridge in 
that movement, after personally seeing that the very last 
of the arm\- had passed, His company fired the first 




shots in the battle of Antietam, September 16, 1862, for 
gallant services in which battle he was promoted from 
the second lieutenancy to the captaincy of his company. 
Captain Miller was also engaged in numerous actions 
and skirmishes in the advance of the army into Virginia 
after Antietam, among others, at Unionville, Piedmont, 
and Ashby's ( rap. 

In 1863 he was engaged at Kelly's Ford, Va., March 
17, the first cavalry action of any importance, in Stone- 
man's Raid, at Brand}- Station, Aldie, Middleburg, Ashby's 
Gap, Westminster, Md., Gettysburg, I'a. (where he par- 
ticularly distinguished himself in the celebrated cavalry 
engagement on the right flank on Jul}- 3, in which he was 
wounded, although, owing to the scarcity of officers, he 
continued on duty with his squadron), Fountaindale, 
Md., Old Antietam Forge, Shepherdstown, Va., Culpeper 
Court-House, Occoquan, New Hope Church, and Parker's 
Store. In February, 1864, the regiment was detailed for 
service at the head-quarters of the Army of the Potomac, 
and for part of the time while it was on duty there he was 
on recruiting service in Philadelphia. He subsequently 
rejoined his regiment while in front of Petersburg. 

Captain Miller was mustered out of service upon the 
expiration of his term of service, August 27, 1864, and 
was honorably discharged, since which time he has re- 
sided in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where he his followed the 
business of a merchant and has been one of its most 
prominent citizens. Anion- other offices, he held that ol 
chief bur-ess from 1882 to 1883. 

Captain Miller is a companion of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion and a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. 



200 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY volunteer 




MAJOR AND SURGEON CORNELIUS NEV1US HOAG- 
LAND, U.S.V. 

Major and Surgeon Cornelius Nevius Hoagland 
was born in Hillsborough ["own, Somerset County, New 
Jersey, November 23, 1828; eldest son of Andrew, and 
a descendant in the seventh generation from Christoffel 
Hoagland. This sturdy pioneer of the family was born 
in Holland in [634, and his name first appears on the 
records of the Burgomaster and Schepens Court in 1655, 
his first name being shortened to " Stoffel." In 1661 he 
married Catrina Creiger, daughter of Captain Creiger, a 
noted officer under Keift and Stuyvesant. 

In 1837 Andrew emigrated to Miami County, Ohio, 
and Cornelius, the subject of this sketch, began the study 
of medicine in [845, when seventeen years of age. During 
the winter of 1848— 49 lie attended his first course of lect- 
ures at Starling Medical College, .it Columbus, Ohio, and 
graduated from the Medical Department of the Western 
Reserve University, at Cleveland, Ohio, in the spring of 
1852. 

In [854 he was elected county auditor, and re-elected 
in (856. At this date he was a private in a militia com- 
pany, the " Lafayette Blues" of Troy, Ohio, and at the 
outbreak of the war volunteered in a company from 
that place, which company became Company II in the 
Eleventh < >hio Volunteer Infantry. On the organization 
of the company he was elected first lieutenant. On the 
expiration of the three months for which the troops 
were called, he re-entered the service for three years. 

Soon afterwards he was detailed as acting assistant 
commissary of subsistence at (.'amp Dennison, ( >hio. 

In ( tctober, [861, he was commissioned surgeon of the 
Seventy-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry, then being re- 
cruited at Camp Tod. Troy, Ohio. He accompanied his 
regiment to Paducah, Kentucky, in the spring of 1862, 



participated in the battle of Pittsburg Landing in April, 
after which he served with a detachment of his regiment 
in garrison at Clarksville, Tennessee, and later at Galla- 
tin. At this latter place his health gave way, and his 
resignation was tendered and accepted. In appreciation 
of Dr. Hoagland's character and services, the officers of 
the regiment at this time presented him with a sword, 
which he preserves with great pride. Upon the return 
of his health, at the request of the officers of the Seventy- 
first Ohio Volunteer Infantry, he was reappointed surgeon, 
and continued .is such to the close of the war. 

Soon after rejoining his regiment he was appointed 
surgeon in charge of the hospital at Gallatin, Tennessee. 
Some months later, upon his request, he was relieved 
from this duty and joined his regiment at Decherd, Ten- 
nessee. 

In the fall of 1864 his regiment was ordered to the front 
at Atlanta, becoming part of the Second Brigade, Third 
Division, Fourth Corps. Shortly afterwards Dr. Hoag- 
land was appointed chief surgeon of the brigade, on the 
staff of Colonel P. Sidney Post, which position he occu- 
pied during the remainder of his services. At the battle 
of Nashville, on the 1 6th of December, 1864, he was se- 
riously injured by a Minie-ball in the breast. 

After this battle the brigade followed Hood's forces 
out of the State, and went into winter-quarters at Hunts- 
ville, Alabama. Early in the spring they went to East 
Tennessee, and were at Greenville, the home of Andrew 
Johnson, when Abraham Lincoln was shot. In July, 
1865, the Fourth Corps, with others, was sent to Texas 
via river steamer to New Orleans, thence by steamer 
across the Gulf, landing at Indianola, and by march to 
San Antonio. In November they were mustered for dis- 
charge, and ordered to Columbus, Ohio, where they were 
discharged in the first week of January, 1S66. Soon after 
the close of the war 1 >r. 1 loaedand enraged in the manu- 
facture of baking-powder, and is now the president of the 
Cleveland Baking-powder Company, of New York. 

In [887 he founded in Brooklyn the " Hoagland 
Laboratory," instituted for the pursuit of original re- 
search in the higher branches of medical science, bac- 
teriology, pathology, and physiology being the principal 
departments. The cost of this institution, with equip- 
ments, exceeded one hundred thousand dollars, to which 
he subsequently added fifty thousand dollars as an endow- 
ment fund. 

Dr. Hoagland is a fellow of the Royal Microscopical 
Society of London, life fellow of the American Geo- 
graphical Society of New York, the New York Genea- 
logical and Biographical Society, and the Long Island 
I listorical Society. 1 te is a member of the Military < )rder 
of the Loyal Legion, a regent of the Long Island College 
Hospital, and trustee and director of numerous financial 
and benevolent institutions. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



201 



MAJOR P. JEFFRIES. U.S.V. 

Major 1'. Jeffries was born in Ireland (County Cork) 
Marcli 17, 1839, being the eldest son of James and Julia 
Jeffries, who came to this country when their boy was 
three months old, settling at Piermont, New York. The 
father was a pioneer employe of the New York and Erie 
Railroad, with which he was associated many years. The 
son received his education at the schools of Piermont and 
Chester, New York. He began life as a news-boy and de- 
spatch-messenger on the New York and Erie Road. The 
year of 1854 he was employed on the Michigan Southern 
and Northern Indiana Road. The fall and winter of 1855 
were spent in New Orleans and Mobile, after which he 
came North and lived some years in New York City and 
State. In 1859 he was employed on the Milwaukee and 
Prairie du Chien Railroad. In the spring of i860 he 
joined a caravan going to the Rocky Mountains. Two 
months were consumed by the journey, and on their 
arrival in Denver he was employed on the Rocky Moun- 
tain Herald for a short time, coming East again in the 
fall as far as Louisville, Kentucky, where he joined an 
infantry regiment called the Sumter Grays. When the 
war broke out his mind was made up to join the army, 
and he left Louisville to enter the service from the State 
of his adoption. He assisted Ferris Jacobs, of Delhi, 
New York, in raising a company of cavalry at Deposit, 
New York, which was mustered into service August 
21, 1861, as Company E, Third New York Cavalry, at 
Elmira, New York. 

The company arrived in Washington, D. C, on or about 
September I, 1 86 1 , and encamped at Meridian Hill, where 
they received uniforms, equipage, ami horses. FYom 
this point the company and regiment were ordered to 
Poolesville, Maryland, for winter-quarters, and it was 
drilled and disciplined by Adjutant John Mix, afterwards 
lieutenant-colonel of the regiment. 

Major Jeffries took part with his company and regiment 
in the following battles : Ball's Bluff, Maryland, October 
21, 1861. Berryville, Virginia, February, 1862; Win- 
chester, March 1, 1862. Trent Road, North Carolina, 
May 15, 1862 ; Rail's Mills, November 7, 1862 ; Kinston, 
December 14, 1862; White Hall, December 16, 1862; 
Goldsborough, December 17, 1862 ; Jacksonville, January 
15, 1863 ; Trenton, January 20, 1863 ; Trent Road, March 
14, 1863; Blurrt's Mills, April 8, 1863; Peleteer's Mills, 
April 16, 1863; Leard's Creek, April 20, 1863; Bellow's 
Cross-Roads, April 2^, 1863; Warsaw, July 4, 18113; 
Little Washington, 1863 ; Hamilton, Tarborough raid, 
1863. Gum Swamp, Virginia, 1S64; Bottom's Bridge, 
February 7, 1864; Stony Creek Bridge, May 7, 1864; 
Nottoway Bridge, May 8, 1864; Chula Station, May 12, 
1864; Blacks and Whites, May 14, 1864; South Quay, 
June 2, 1864; Petersburg, on Jerusalem Plank Road, 
June 15, 1864; Staunton Bridge, June 25, 1864; Roan- 
26 




oke Bridge, June 26, 1 S64 ; Ream's Station, June 29, 
1864 ; Malvern I [ill, July 2J , 1864 ; Yellow Tavern, Wel- 
don Railroad, August 18, 1864; Yellow Tavern, Weldon 
Railroad, August 25, 1864; Prince George Court-House, 
September 15, 1864; Johnson's Farm, September 29, 
1864; Johnson's Farm, October 7, 1864. At the capture 
of Weldon Railroad, Major Jeffries commanded Com- 
panies E and I, Third New York Cavalry. He received 
orders personally from General Warren on the field, and 
was complimented by him. At the battle of Kinston, 
North Carolina, he was also complimented on the battle- 
field by General J. B. Foster for gallant service under 
fire in the face of the enemy. 

Major Jeffries commanded the regimental howitzer 
battery from January 7, 1864, to March 17, 1864; was 
promoted second lieutenant June 12, 1863, at New-Berne, 
North Carolina; and was honorably mustered out of ser- 
vice, at his own request, at Varan, Virginia, October 12, 
1864; and was brevetted major by Governor Robinson 
in 1S79, "for gallant and meritorious services during the 
War of the Rebellion." He has been employed by the 
New York, Lake Erie and Western Railroad for the last 
twenty-seven years as conductor, excepting the year oi 
1882, when he was appointed chief despatcher of the 
[efferson Division, with head-quarters at Carbondale, 
Pennsylvania, resigning in the spring of 1883 on account 
of ill health. 

Major Jeffries married Miss Malina W. Stiles, at De- 
li. .sit, New York, Jul>- 25, 1861. Her grandfather, Aaron 
Stiles, was an officer in the Revolutionary War. She 
died in 1875. There are two sons living, Harry C. and 
Richard Jeffries. In 1 881 he was married to Mis. Lizzie 
Moulton, of Canandaigua, New York. 

He attended the Grand Reunion at Washington, D. C, 
in September, 1892, marching with Carroll Post, oi Port 
Jervis, New York. 



202 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL STRONG VINCENT, U.S.V. 
(deceased). 

Brigadier-General Strong Vincent was born in 
Waterford, Erie County, Pennsylvania, June 17, [837; 
died near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 7, 1863. After 
passing through Erie Academy, and working for two 
years in his father's iron foundry, he entered the Scientific 
School at Hartford, Connecticut ; next became a student 
of Trinity College, and leaving that was graduated at 
Harvard in [859. He then studied law, was admitted to 
the bar in 1S60, and began practice in Erie. 

When the Civil War began. General Vincent enlisted as 
a private fa- three months in the volunteer arm}- ; was 
chosen second lieutenant, and soon after was appointed 



adjutant. He re-enlisted for three years, was made major, 
and promoted lieutenant-colonel of the Eighty-third 
Pennsylvania Infantry in September, 1861. He was en- 
gaged in the construction of siege-works at Yorktown, 
and soon after the battle of Hanover Court-House was 
prostrated with swamp fever. He returned to his regi- 
ment in October, 1862, as its colonel, and at Fredericks- 
burg temporarily commanded a brigade in a difficult re- 
treat. He declined the appointment of judge-advocate of 
the Army of the Potomac in April, 1863 ; took command 
tT his brigade as ranking colonel, and effectively sup- 
ported General Alfred Pleasonton's cavalry at Aldie. At 
Gettysburg, orders having come from the front from Gen- 
eral George Sykes, at the suggestion of General Warren, 
for a brigade to occupy Little Round Top, General Vin- 
cent, in the absence of the division commander, assumed 
the responsibility of taking up his own brigade. On 
reaching the hill he quickly selected a position, posting 
his men on a left-hand crest of Little Round Top and 
in the hollow between it and Round Top where the 
Confederates made their first attempt to ascend the 
ravine and turn the left flank of the national army, in 
withstanding which his force was supported by the com- 
mand of General Stephen II. Weed and the battery of 
Captain Charles E. 1 lazlett on the middle crest of Little 
Round Top, and by the regiment of Colonel Patrick H. 
O'Rorke, which was sent up by General Warren just in 
time to frustrate the flank movement of the enemy. 

General Vincent was shot while cheering on his regi- 
ment as it faltered before the fire of the Confederate 
infantry, and died on the battle-field. He was a gallant 
and brave officer. His brother Boyd is a Protestant 
Episcopal bishop. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



203 



BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL HUNTINGTON 
WOLCOTT JACKSON, U.S.V. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Huntington Wolcoi i 
Jackson was born January 28, 1 841, at Newark, N. J., 
and is the son of the late John P. and Elizabeth (Wol- 
cott) Jackson. His father was a prominent lawyer of 
New Jersey, and died December 10, 1861. The Jackson 
family are of Scotch-Irish descent, the first of the family 
to arrive in America being James Jackson, who settled 
on the banks of the Hudson ; while by marriage the 
family became connected with the Brinckerhoffs, Schuy- 
lers, and Van der Lindes. The mother of Mrs. Jackson, 
our subject's mother, was a Huntington, a member of the 
Connecticut family of that name distinguished in the 
Revolution. Her great-grandfather, grandfather, and 
four great-uncles on the maternal side were officers of 
high rank in the arm)-. The great-grandfather of Mrs. 
Jackson on the paternal side was colonial g< ivernor of Con- 
necticut. Her grandfather was Oliver Wolcott, Sr., one 
of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and gov- 
ernor of the State of Connecticut ; her uncle, Oliver Wol- 
cott, Jr., was Secretary of the Treasury under Washing- 
ton, and subsequently governor of Connecticut; and her 
father, Frederick Wolcott, occupied judicial positions in 
Connecticut for many years. 

Receiving his early education at Phillips Academy, 
Andover, Mass., in 1859 Mr. Jackson entered Princeton 
College, and at the close of his junior year entered the 
army as lieutenant in the Fourth New Jersey Volunteers. 
Prior to this Mr. Jackson had served, with his sister, Mrs. 
Charles H. Parker, of Boston, in the United States Sani- 
tary Commission as a volunteer nurse on the steamer 
" Daniel Webster," while it was employed in transporting 
the wounded of the peninsula campaign from Harrison's 
Landing, Va., to New York. In 1862 Mr. Jackson was 
appointed aide-de-camp upon the staff of Major-General 
John Newton, commanding the First Arm) - Corps and 
other commands in the Fourth and Sixth Corps. He 
participated in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, and other engagements of the Army of 
the Potomac. He was also with the Army of the Cum- 
berland in General Sherman's campaign from Chattam 10 ;a 
to Atlanta, and, though wounded by a Minie-ball passing 
through the right arm at the battle of Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, was present at the fall of Atlanta. In 1865 he was 
brevetted lieutenant-colonel for gallant and meritorious 
conduct in the field. In Foster's " New Jersey and the 
Rebellion," issued in 186S, the author, in speaking of Mr. 
Jackson, says (page 761), " In the Chancellorsville cam- 
paign he was commended by General Sedgwick for special 
gallantry in volunteering to rail)' an assaulting column at 
Marye's Heights, Fredericksburg (May 3, 1863). The 
column had broken and the men were falling back, but 
Lieutenant Jackson, having obtained permission, and ex- 




posing himself to a fire that killed and wounded one hun- 
dred and sixty men out of four hundred in the leading 
regiment, rallied the column and passed with it into the 
enemy's works." Returning to civil life, he entered the 
Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Mass., and spent the fol- 
lowing year at that institution, when he went abroad, 
remaining a year in Europe. Upon his return home he 
resumed his legal studies in the office of his brother, the 
late John P. Jackson, Jr., of Newark, New Jersey. In 
the fall of 1867 Mr. Jackson went to Chicago, and en- 
tered the office of Messrs. Waite & Clarke, where he com- 
pleted his studies, being admitted to the bar in the spring 
of 1868. On July 1 of that year he formed a partner- 
ship with Mr. David P. Lyman. This partnership still 
continues, and is the oldest law partnership in Chicago. 

Appointed in Nov. 1877, by the Hon. John J. Knox, 
comptroller of the currency, as receiver and attorney of 
the Third National Bank of Chicago, his management of 
its affairs has received high commendation. 

A Republican in politics, he was elected supervisor of 
South Chicago in 1878, and continued the reforms insti- 
tuted by his predecessors, R. T. Lincoln and E. G. Mason. 

Mr. Jackson has been offered several political positions, 
but has declined them, preferring to continue in the active 
practice of his profession. He was at one time a director 
of the Chicago Aid and Relief Society, but was obliged 
to resign on account of other duties. He has been 
president of the Chicago Bar Association. The late 
John Crerar appointed him one of the executors and 
trustees of his large estate, as well as a director of the 
Free Public Library founded by him. He is a trustee of 
the Second Presbyterian Church, and is a member of the 
Chicago, Calumet, University, and Literary Clubs; also 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and of the 
George H. Thomas Post of the Grand Army. 



-°4 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 





BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL DENIS F. BURKE, 
U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Denis I-'. Burke was 
born in Ireland in 1841, and emigrated to the United 
States in 1855. He was engaged in the dry-goods busi- 
ness in the houses of A. T. Stewart & Co. and H. B. 
Claflin & Co., of New York City. 

When Fort Sumter was fired upon he enlisted in the 
Sixty-ninth Militia, in the company commanded by Cap- 
tain Thomas F. Meagher, subsequent organizer and com- 
mander of the Irish Brigade. The Sixty-ninth Militia was 
called into the service of the United States for ninety days. 
He participated with his regiment in the battles of Black- 
burn's Ford and the first Bull Run, returning with it to 
New York when their time had expired. Immediately 
after General Meagher organized the three New York- 
regiments of his famous brigade, — viz., Sixty-third, Sixty- 
ninth, and Eighty-eighth New York Volunteers. 

General Burke was commissioned second lieutenant in 
the Eighty-eighth Regiment, and was with it from Fair 
( )aks to Appomattox Court-House, never losing a battle 
in which his regiment or brigade engaged in during the 
entile war. lie enjoyed the privilege of being the only 
officer of the Irish Brigade who went out with it in [861 
and remained until the close of the war. 

The casualties among the officers of this brigade were 
i'ii luavy. He was promoted first lieutenant at the 
battle of Malvern Hill, and adjutant of his regiment at 
Harrison's Landing, and at Antietam was promoted to 
the lank of captain for distinguished conduct. 

He was severely wounded at Fredericksburg, Vir- 
ginia, December 13, 1862, when the company (C) he 
commanded was almost annihilated. He returned in 
time for the battle of Chancel lorsville, where he was 
111 wounded. 



After this battle his regiment, on account of its terrible 
losses, was consolidated into a battalion, and he was 
placed in command. 

He was at Gettysburg, anil received commendation on 
the battle-field from General Hancock for his conduct. 

During General Meade's retrograde movement from 
the Rapidan to Centreville, Burke commanded the flank- 
ers of the Second Brigade, First Division, Second Corps, 
and was the first to discover the enemy's position near 
Bristoe Station, and to report the facts to General War- 
ren, then commanding the Second Corps, receiving from 
that officer high praise. 

After the Mine Run campaign the three New York 
regiments of the Irish Brigade re-enlisted, and were sent 
back to recruit. The regiments were fully recruited, and 
Burke came back lieutenant-colonel of his regiment. 

He was in the battles of the Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, 
and Spottsylvania, May 5-18. His regiment was one of 
the first to cross the earthworks at the " bloody angle" 
on the morning of May 1 2. He was at Cold Harbor June 
3, and at Petersburg June 17. 

While in command of the Irish Brigade, on October 
29, 1864, at Fort Sedgwick, General Burke was ordered 
to attack the enemy's line at night. This he did with 
great success, calling from General N. A. Miles, com- 
manding First Division, Second Corps, the following 
recommendation to General Hancock : 

" That Lieutenant-Colonel Denis F. Burke, Eighty- 
eighth Regiment New York Veteran Volunteers, receive 
the rank of brevet colonel for gallantry in action Octo- 
ber 29, 1864. Colonel Burke, with a party of one hun- 
dred men, attacked and captured a portion of the enemy's 
line opposite Fort Sedgwick, taking some prisoners, and 
holding the line until ordered to withdraw." 

Burke was subsequently commissioned colonel of his 
regiment, and took part in all of the battles during the 
siege of Petersburg. 

He was several times complimented by General Han- 
cock, and, previous to his departure from the Second 
Corps to take command in Washington, General Han- 
cock recommended Burke for the brevet of brigadier- 
general, which he received after the surrender of Lee. 

General Hancock's opinion of Burke: 

" I can state that he was a gallant and faithful officer, 
who rose from the ranks to a colonelcy by his good 
conduct and services in the field. 

" He received his brevet of brigadier-general of volun- 
teers, upon my recommendation, for gallant and meri- 
torious services during the campaign of 1864." 

After the close of the war General Burke returned 
with his command to New York, and again engaged in 
mercantile life. 

At present he is assistant appraiser of merchandise at 
the port of New York. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



205 



PAYMASTER (LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER) HENRY 
CLAY MACHETTE, U.S.N. 

Paymaster (Lieutenant-Commander) Henry Clay 
Machette, of the United States Navy, was born in Phila- 
delphia October 27, 1S42 ; his father, Samuel Tucker 
Machette, was a grandson of James B. Machette, of Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, who married Mary, .1 sister of Samuel 
Tucker, president of the Provincial Assembly. I lis 
mother, Lydia B. Musgrave, was a daughter of Joseph 
Philip Musgrave, a descendant of the old English family 
of that name ; her grandfather, Joseph Musgrave, came to 
America prior to the Revolution, and, settling in Chester 
County, married there the noted beaut} - and heiress, 
" Esther Bennett, the flower of Kennett," as she was styled 
by the young beaux of her day. 

The Machette family is said to be of Huguenot extrac- 
tion, and to have emigrated to America about the close 
of the seventeenth century via the island of Jersey. The 
subject of this sketch entered the naval service in May, 
1 861, upon the breaking out of the Rebellion, serving 
first on the United States steamer " Flag," off Charleston 
and the Southern coast, witnessing the attack on the latter 
city by Rear-Admiral Dupont, and subsequently on the 
" Governor Buckingham," off the coast of North Caro- 
lina. 

In 1864, having been promoted to be acting assist- 
ant paymaster, he was assigned to duty on board of the 
United States steamer " Undine," in the Mississippi 
squadron. 

Upon the capture and destruction of the latter in the 
Tennessee River by a part of Hood's arm)-, he escaped 
to Fort Donelson, saving at the same time the govern- 
ment funds, — a fact to which the attention of the Navy 
Department was called by Acting Rear-Admiral Lee. 
He was afterwards assigned to duty on board the gunboat 




" Donegal," and, the war having closed, was honorably 
discharged in 1866. 

February, 1867, Paymaster Machette was reappointed 
in the regular service, and ordered to the Brazil station, 
where he served until 1870 on the "Wasp." He has 
since been attached to the following vessels on the North 
Atlantic station, — i.e., monitors " Terror" and " Canoni- 
cus," and steam-sloop " Canandaigua ;" on the Asiatic 
station to the " Monocacy," and lately to the United States 
sloop " Iroquois," in the Pacific. In addition to the fore- 
going, the paymaster (lieutenant-commander) has been 
attached to the ships " New Hampshire," " Wabash," and 
"St. Louis," upon the latter of which he is now serving. 
He has also been attached to the Norfolk and League 
Island navy-yards. In 1885 he married Adelaide Granet ; 
their two daughters, Adelaide Henriette and Lydia Mus- 
grave, are both living. 



2o6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA VY (volunteer) 




FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN F. CONAWAY, U.S.V. 

First Lieutenant John F. Conaway was born in the 
city of Philadelphia, September 27, 1840, and grad- 
uated from the Central High School in that city in July, 
1857. On August 13, 1862, he enlisted as a private 
in the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, a 
regiment raised from various counties in the State, and 
composed almost entirely of well-educated young men. 
He was mustered into the service of the United States 
on the 22d of August, 1862, for three years, and on 
October 30 of same year was appointed corporal of Com- 
pany E. 

On the reorganization of the regiment, after the battle 
of Murfreesborough, he was transferred to Company 1 
as one of its sergeants, March 1, 1863, and on July 23 
of same year was promoted to be first sergeant of the 
company. On January 21, 1865, he was made sergeant- 
major of the regiment, and on March 13, 1865, he was 
commissioned first lieutenant of Company B, having 
filled all the grades of non-commissioned officers to the 
entire satisfaction of his superior officers and with credit 
to himself and the service. 

On the same day that he was commissioned first lieu- 
tenant of Company B he was appointed on the staff of 
Brevet Brigadier-General William J. Palmer, with the 
rank of acting aide-de-camp, and served in that capac- 
ity until June 21, 1865, when he was mustered out of 
service with his regiment at the close of the war at 
Nashville, Tennessee. During the whole period of his 
service, of nearly three years, lew saw more constant 
active service in the field than Lieutenant Conaway, and 
it is a noteworthy fait that during all of that time he 
was never absent or off duty lor a single day from any 
cause whatever. 

The regiment was engaged in many severe and hard- 



fought battles, skirmishes, etc., in nearly all of which 
Lieutenant Conaway participated, and he was present 
at and took an active part in the battles of Antietam, 
Murfreesborough, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, 
and man)' other engagements ; and with his regiment 
was present when the finishing blow was given to 
General Hood's defeated army, which, having been 
beaten by General George H. Thomas at Nashville, 
and driven across the Tennessee River, was followed 
by Colonel William J. Palmer, commanding the Fif- 
teenth Pennsylvania Cavalry and a detachment of Ten- 
nessee troopers under Colonel Prosser, who burned its 
magnificently-appointed pontoon train and wagons, in 
Mississippi, and succeeded in bringing to Decatur, Ala- 
bama, many prisoners and captured animals, although 
hotly pressed and pursued in the heart of the enemy's 
country. 

As a staff-officer in the closing campaign of the war. 
Lieutenant Conaway, as aide-de-camp, was thoroughly 
efficient, being possessed in a high degree of the neces- 
sary qualifications, — coolness, bravery, and good judg- 
ment. 

This was a long and arduous campaign, starting from 
Chattanooga, Tennessee, through East Tennessee, North 
Carolina, and as far east as Lynchburg, Virginia, cutting 
the railroads, and following Jefferson Davis in his flight 
thn lugh North Carolina, South Carolina, and into Georgia. 
At Saulsbury, North Carolina, the prisoners confined 
there were liberated, and then crossing Geomia, the cam- 
paign terminated at Iluntsville, Alabama. 

During this campaign Lieutenant Conaway was in the 
saddle night and day, and he was frequently intrusted 
with grave responsibility, which was never in any in- 
stance misplaced. On one occasion, as the command 
neared Anderson Court-House, South Carolina, he was 
sent by General Palmer with an important despatch to 
Colonel Betts, in command of the Fifteenth Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry, on the Saluda River, some fifteen miles 
distant. 

When within a few miles of his destination, with only 
four men with him at the time, he suddenly found him- 
self in the presence of a detachment of some fifty Con- 
federate cavalry, and was almost surrounded by them. 
In the charge they made, two of his men were shot, a 
third was taken prisoner, while he and his one remaining 
man narrowly escaped, and had a hard ride for their 
lives. The despatch was safely delivered to Colonel 
Betts. 

Since the close of the war Lieutenant Conaway has 
been actively engaged in business in Philadelphia. He 
is a member of the Loyal Legion and Grand Army of 
the Republic, and as commander of Post No. 2, one of 
the largest in the State, gave great satisfaction for his 
efficiency. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



207 



MAJOR-GENERAL BENJAMIN F. BUTLER, (J.S.V. 

(deceased). 

Major-General Benjamin F. Butler was born in 
Deerfield, New Hampshire, November 5, 181 8. He was 
the son of Captain John Butler, who served under Gen- 
eral Jackson at New Orleans. He graduated at Water- 
ville College (now Colby University), Maine, in 1838, 
was admitted to the bar in 1840, began practice .it 
Lowell, Massachusetts, and had a high reputation as a 
lawyer, especially in criminal cases. He was a prominent 
Democrat. At the time of President Lincoln's call for 
troops, in April, 1861, he held the commission of briga- 
dier-general of militia. On the 17th of that month he 
marched to Annapolis with the Eighth Massachusetts 
Regiment, and was placed in command of the District of 
Annapolis, in which the city of Baltimore was included. 
On the 13th of May, 1861, he entered Baltimore at the 
head of nine hundred men, occupied the city without 
opposition, and on May 16 was made a major-general, 
and assigned to the command of Fortress Monroe and 
the Department of Eastern Virginia. While he was 
here, some slaves that had come within his lines were 
demanded by their masters, but he refused to deliver 
them up on the ground that they were contraband of 
war ; hence arose the designation of " contrabands" 
often applied to slaves during the war. In August he 
captured Forts Hatteras and Clark, on the coast of North 
Carolina. He then returned to Massachusetts to recruit 
an expedition for the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi. 
On March 23, 1862, the expedition reached Ship Island, 
and on April 17 went up the Mississippi. The fleet under 
Farragut having passed the forts April 24, and virtually 
captured New Orleans, General Butler took possegsii in 
of the city May 1. His administration of affairs was 
marked by great vigor. He instituted strict sanitary 
regulations, armed the free colored men, and compelled 
rich secessionists to contribute towards the support of 
the poor of the city. His course in hanging William 
Mumford for hauling down the United States flag from 
the mint, and in issuing " Order No. 28," intended for 
preventing women from insulting soldiers, excited strong 




resentment, not only in the South, but in the North ami 
abroad, and in December, 1862, Jefferson Davis issued a 
proclamation declaring him an outlaw. On December 
16 General Butler was recalled, and in 1863 he was 
placed in command of the Department of Virginia and 
North Carolina, and his force was afterwards designated 
as the Army of the James. In December he conducted 
an ineffectual expedition against Fort Fisher, near Wil- 
mington, North Carolina, and was soon after removed 
from command by General Grant. Few general officers 
saw more trying service than General Butler. General 
Butler died in Washington, after a few hours' illness, Jan- 
uary 9, 1893. 

After returning to his home in Massachusetts, he was 
elected, in 1866, to Congress as a Republican member. 
In 1882 the Democrats united upon him as their candi- 
date for governor, and he was elected, although the rest 
of the State ticket was defeated. In 1884 he was a can- 
didate of the Greenback and Anti-Monopolist party for 
the Presidency, receiving one hundred and thirty-three 
thousand eight hundred and twenty-five votes. 

General Butler's daughter married General Adelbert 
Ames of the United States army. 



20S 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




COLONEL JOHN FRANK HERRICK, U.S.V. 

Colonel John Frank Herrick was born February 
23, 1836, at Wellington, ( >hio. Reared upon a farm and 
attending the public schools until twenty years old, in 
1856 he was sent to Oberlin College, and graduated there- 
from in [862. One term before graduating, his interest 
111 the war became so intense that he left college against 
the protest of his professors, recruited .1 company for the 
Eighty-seventh Ohio Infantry, designed to help drive 
Stonewall Jackson out of the Shenandoah Valley, and 
was elected and commissioned its captain. He com- 
manded a battalion at Harper's Ferry during the skir- 
mishing which preceded the capture of the place by 
Jackson, just before the battles of Antietam and South 
Mountain. Released on parole, he returned to < )hio and 
found his college diploma awaiting him, ami then studied 
law with his brother, G. E. Herrick, in Cleveland, Ohio, 
and in the law college then prospering there. Having 
had previous law studies, he graduated from the law col- 
lege in June, 1863. Having been exchanged as a prisoner- 
of-war in July and August, 1863, he recruited a company 
in Cleveland for the Twelfth Ohio Cavalry, ami was made 
Inst major of that regiment. 

On November 10, while his regiment was being 
equipped with horses, Major Herrick took six companies 
to Johnson's Island, under orders from Governor Tod, to 
reinforce the garrison there during a Canadian scare, 
where they did severe duty during a very cold winter 
until the next March, when the regiment was reunited at 
Camp Dennison, near Cincinnati, mounted, ami sent to 
the front. Major Herrick was with his regiment — much 
of the time in command — in all its battles, marches, and 



skirmishes. This comprised service under General Bur- 
bridge against John Morgan (including the battles of 
Mount Sterling and Cynthiana), numerous raids, — during 
one of which occurred the battle of Saltville, Virginia, — 
and service under General Stoneman, raiding Virginia 
and the Carolinas, including battles at Bristol, Kingsport, 
Saltville, and Marion, and finally he took part in the 
capture of Jefferson Davis. 

At the battle of Marion, Virginia, December 17 and 
iS, 1864, Colonel Herrick commanded a magnificent, 
daring, and successful cavalry charge, for which he re- 
ceived the unstinted praise of his generals. This charge 
has been made the subject of a fine oil-painting by Edgar 
S. Cameron, of Chicago, who exhibited it in the Art 
Institute. It is now the property of Major E. C. Moder- 
well, of Chicago, formerly of the Twelfth Ohio Cavalry. 

At Cynthiana, June 12, 1863, Colonel Herrick led a 
headlong charge across the Licking River, swimming his 
horse with a dozen men, in hot pursuit of the enemy, 
escaped capture, and brought in a half-dozen prisoners. 

After the cessation of hostilities in 1865, Colonel Her- 
rick first accepted a staff appointment, and was made 
inspector-general of Middle Tennessee on the staff of 
General R. M. Johnson, and afterwards of General Wil- 
liam B. Hazen. 

He was mustered out with his regiment in November, 
1865, as lieutenant-colonel, and declined a brevet. He 
was also tendered a commission in a cavalry regiment of 
the regular army, which strongly tempted him, but which 
he finally declined. 

After the war, Colonel Herrick began the practice of 
law in Cleveland, Ohio; was appointed one of the pro- 
fessors in the law college from which he graduated, and 
has won honors at the Cleveland bar in his practice con- 
tinued since. Although interested in many business 
affairs, he has gained the reputation of being a fine trial 
lawyer and an especially able advocate. He is general 
attorney for a street railroad company and its Nice-presi- 
dent. He has been eminently successful in defending 
his company against a large number of damage suits. 
In his practice and in private life he maintains a reputa- 
tion for strict honor and integrity. He is quite well 
known through Northern ( )hio as a stump-speaker, being 
in politics a Republican. Colonel Herrick has been 
prominently suggested for Congressional honors, but he 
does not seek public office. 

He was thrice elected commander of his G. A. R. post, 
and is an enthusiastic member of the Loyal Legion. He 
is a married man and the father of six children. The 
picture here given was taken in 1864 at Knoxville, 
Tennessee. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



209 



CAPTAIN ANDREW BYERLY WELLS, U.S.V. 

Captain Andrew Byerly Wells was born in Union- 
town, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, June 24, 1842. I lis 
male ancestors on both his father's and mother's side 
were officers in the Revolutionary War. He left school 
when sixteen years of age, and was employed in a whole- 
sale dry-goods house until the commencement of the 
War of the Rebellion. At this time he raised a company 
for three years' service at his own expense, and was mus- 
tered into the United States service with Company F, 
Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry, as second lieutenant, 
August 19, i86i,at Philadelphia. 

Lieutenant Wells was with his company in the ad- 
vance of the Army of the Potomac to Manassas, and 
thence moved with it to Fort Monroe, Virginia, partici- 
pating in the Peninsular campaign, under General McClel- 
lan, from Yorktown to the Chickahofniny River, being one 
of the first officers of the Potomac army to cross that 
river. He was engaged in the battle of Fair Oaks, and 
was captured by the enemy June 8, 1862, while scouting 
on the right of the rebel army, five miles from Rich- 
mond. He was ordered by General I looker to find out 
how far the right of the enemy's line extended beyond 
our left, and the condition of the country. As the two 
lines were only five hundred yards apart, Lieutenant Wells 
rode with his party of four men around the enemy's light 
into the open country, so that he could see the State capi- 
tal in Richmond. On his return to the Union lines, while 
passing through a dense woods, he lost his way and struck 
the rear of the enemy's picket line, which was like a heavy 
skirmish line. His horse was shot and fell, pinning him 
to the ground. The remainder of the party were killed, 
except one man. 

Lieutenant Wells was confined in Libby, Belle Island, 
and Salisbury, North Carolina, until September 1, 1862, 
when he was released on parole. 

He joined his regiment in time to take part in the 
battle of Antietam, although liable to have been shot 
had he been captured, for not observing his parole until 
he was properly exchanged ; he often said he was willing 
to take chances on his life in order to get even with the 
rebels for the way they treated him while a prisoner of 
war. lie was promoted first lieutenant March 19, 1862, 
and participated in the advance of the cavalry, after the 
Antietam campaign, along the Blue Ridge Mountains, 
and was in the engagements of Philomont, Upperville, 
Aldie, Barber's Cross-Roads, Ashby's Gap, Chester Gap, 
Orleans, Amissville, and Hazel River. He was in the 
succeeding campaign of Fredericksburg, and rode with 
his regiment in the famous charge against Stonewall 
Jackson's corps in the Chancellorsville fight. 



/ 





May 17, 1863, while on scouting duty in King George 
County, Virginia, he was again captured by the enemy 
and taken to Richmond. He was recognized by the offi- 
cers in charge of Libby, and his record was examined, 
but found correct, as he had been exchanged for Lieu- 
tenant Botts, of Virginia. He drew lots with one hun- 
dred and sixty officers of the Union army to be hanged 
in retaliation for two men that were captured as spies 
and hanged by our forces. Lieutenant Wells remained 
a week or so, and was exchanged in time to participate 
with his regiment in the Gettysburg campaign and the 
various cavalry engagements which preceded and fol- 
lowed that battle. 

He was promoted captain of his company June 1, 1863, 
and served all through the battles of the spring and sum- 
mer campaigns of 1864 under General Grant, and was 
with General Sheridan in his raids around Richmond. 
His health not being good, and having served one and 
a half months over his three years, he asked for his dis- 
charge, and was honorably mustered out September 30, 
[864, the army having settled into winter-quarters. 

Captain Wells returned to Philadelphia and, recruiting 
his strength, enlisted in the United States Navy, going as 
secretary to Admiral Peirce Crosby, December 19, 1864. 
He sailed from New York to Galveston, Texas, and joined 
the United States steamer " Metacomet." He was at the 
capture of Mobile and the forts in Mobile Bay, being very 
active in the removal of the torpedoes in the bay. 

The war having ended, he was again mustered out in 
July, 1865. He then returned to Philadelphia and en- 
gaged once more in business pursuits. He was tendered 
a number of positions in the regular army, but declined 
them. 



27 



2IO 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^volunteer) 




MAJOR-GENERAL PHILIP KEARNY, U.S.V. (deceased). 

Major-General Philip Kearny was born in New- 
York on the 2d (if June, 1815, and died near Chantilly, 
Virginia, September 1, [862. He was graduated at Co- 



lumbia College in [8 : 



id then studied 



In 1837 



he accepted a commission in the First Dragoons, and was 
stationed at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, serving on Gen- 
eral Henry Atkinson's staff. lie was sent to Europe by the 
War Department in [839 to examine the tactics of the 
French cavalry service, and for the thorough accom- 
plishment of this purpose entered the cavalry school in 
Saumur. After six months of this experience he went to 
Algiers as a volunteer with the First Chasseurs d'Afrique, 
and served with Colonel I.e Pays de Bourjolli. 1 le made 
the passage of the Atlas Mountains and participated in the 
engagements at the Plains of Metidjah and of the Chelif 
at the siege of Milianah, and passage of the Mousaia. 
His daring exploits during these campaigns attracted the 
attention of the French army. In the autumn of 1840 
he returned to the United States, and was almost immedi- 
ately appointed aide-de-camp to General Alexander Ma- 
comb, holding this appointment until the death of the 
commander-in-chief. For some months he served at the 
cavalry barracks in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, but was soon 
recalled to Washington to serve on the staff of General 
Winfield Scott. In 1845 he accompanied his uncle, Gen- 
eral Kearny, on tin: march to the South Pass, which was 
the first expedition that penetrated so far from settle- 



ments into the Indian country. During the Mexican 
War, at the head of a magnificently-equipped company 
of cavalry, he operated at first along the Rio Grande, but 
later joined General Scott on his march to Mexico. His 
command served as the body-guard of the general-in- 
chief, and Kearny was promoted captain in December, 
1846. 

He took part in the battles of Contreras and Churu- 
busco, and at the close of the latter, as the Mexicans 
were retreating into the capital, Kearny, at the head of 
his dragoons, charged the enemy and followed them into 
the City of Mexico itself, but as he fell back he was 
shot in the left arm, which necessitated amputation. 
When General Oliver O. Howard lost his right arm at 
the battle of Fair < )aks, Kearny happened to be present 
when the amputation was performed, ami Howard, look- 
ing up, said, " We'll buy our gloves together hereafter." 
A month later General Scott with his army entered the 
City of Mexico, but the first man who entered the gate 
of the captured capital, sword in hand, was Captain 
Kearny, who was rewarded with the brevet of major. 
Early in I 851 he went to California and was engaged in 
the campaign against the Rogue River Indians, but re- 
signed from the army in October, 1.N51. He then made 
a trip around the world, and in 1859 he returned to 
France, joined the Chasseurs d'Afrique again, and par- 
ticipated in the war in Italy. At Solferino he was in the 
charge of the cavalry. He received the cross of the 
Legion of Honor, being the first American honored as 
such for military service. In I 861, soon after the begin- 
ning of the Civil War, he returned to the United States 
and tendered his services to the national government. 
He was made brigadier-general on the 17th of May, 1861, 
and assigned to the command of the First New Jersey 
Brigade, Army of the Potomac. He was present at the 
battle of Williamsburg, where his timely arrival changed 
the repulse into victory, and served through the engage- 
ments in the Peninsula from the Rapidan to War- 
renton. In May, 1862, he was given command of the 
Third Division, and was commissioned as major-general 
on the 7th of Jul)', 1862. He fought at the second battle 
of Bull Run. A few days later, at Chantilly, while 
reconnoitring after placing his division, he penetrated 
into the Confederate lines and was shot. His remains 
were sent by General Lee under a flag of truce to Gen- 
eral Hooker, and found their last resting-place in Trinity 
church-yard, New York City. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



211 



BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL FRED. W. CLEMONS, 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Fred. W. Clemons en- 
tered the volunteer service, September 9, 1861, as second 
lieutenant of Company C, Eighth New York Cavalry ; 
was promoted to first lieutenant early in June, 1862, and 
was the only commissioned officer present with his com- 
pany during the greater portion of that year; was ap- 
pointed captain and commissar}' of subsistence by Presi- 
dent Lincoln August 3, 1863. He served in Kentucky 
and East Tennessee as chief commissary of subsistence 
of the cavalry corps of the Army of the Ohio, under 
Generals Shackelford and S. D. Sturgis respectively, and 
was with the besieged army under General Burnside at 
Knoxville, Tennessee, in November, 1863. He served 
further with the cavalry corps, entering upon the Atlanta 
campaign on the staff of General Stoneman, until that 
officer's disastrous raid upon Macon, Georgia. He was 
then assigned, in June, 1864, as chief of subsistence to the 
Second Division of the Twenty-third Army Corps, Gen- 
eral J. M. Schofield commanding ; was promoted to chief 
commissary of subsistence of the Twenty-third Army 
Corps in the fall of 1864. In March, 1865, was brevetted 
major and lieutenant-colonel " for faithful service in the 
subsistence department, and gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices during the war." He was mustered out December 6, 
1865. 

As lieutenant of cavalry he rode at the front of his 
company, participating in the service of the regiment 
during the active and eventful campaign of 1862. He 
went out of Harper's Ferry the night previous to its sur- 
render, and participated with his command in the battle 
of Antietam three days later. I [e was with the advance 
of McClellan in the fall of 1862, and at Warrenton, Vir- 
ginia, when " Little Mac" relinquished the command of the 
Army of the Potomac to General Burnside. His sub- 
sequent service carried him through the campaigns of 
Kentucky and Tennessee in 1863, the Atlanta campaign 
of 1864, and the Carolinas in 1865. Such, briefly and in 
general terms,constitutes the military record of this officer, 
which embraced nearly four years of active field service. 

The manhood years of. his father, Anson B. Clemons, 
included a period free from " war's alarms," but the 
militia roster of Ontario County, New York, in the 
" thirties," carries his name as ensign. A commission to 
John Temple Clemons, his grandfather, as first lieutenant 
Nineteenth New York Artillery, given by De Witt Clinton, 




covering a period from 1S10 to [818, with service along 
the frontier of the Northern lakes in I 812-14, hangs upon 
the walls of his home by the side of a discharge to his 
great-grandfather from seven years' service in the First 
New York Regiment, Captain Gansevoort's company, 
given under the seal and signatures of George Wash- 
ington, with Jonathan Trumbull, adjutant-general, bearing 
date June 8, 1783. 

In 1835 Jonathan Clemons, his great-grandfather, was 
one of six surviving Revolutionary pensioners in the then 
town of Sodus, count)- of Wayne, State of New York. 

Since the close of the war Colonel Clemons has devoted 
about half the period which has elapsed in newspaper 
work, as editor and proprietor of the Wayne County Jour- 
nal, at Palmyra, New York ; also for a year or more with 
the Tribune, at < )range, California. 

Ten years or more have been passed in the civil service 
of the government, four years of which as a disbursing 
officer. During this service millions were disbursed by 
him without the loss of a mill. For several years, latterly, 
he has been with Edward Clark, architect of the United 
States Capitol, where he now occupies the position of 
chief clerk in the architect's office. 

Colonel Clemons was born in 1840, at Geneva, Ontario 
County, New York; married Sarah, daughter of Rev. 
Samuel Adsit, at Rochester, New York, November 3, 
1869. Two sons— Albert Adsit, born July I, 1872, and 
Carl Anson, born July 20, 1874, at Palmyra, Now York, 
— constitute his family. 



2 I 2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




CAPTAIN ALLEN RALPH BUSHNELL, U.S.V. 

Captain Allen Ralph Bushnell was hum July is, 
[833, in I tartford, Trumbull County, ( >hio, and is the son 
of Dr. George W. Bushnell, a descendant from sires who 
fought in the wars of the country in its formative period. 
Ills grandfather, Alexander Bushnell, was a captain under 
Washington in the Revolution, and his father, Daniel 
Bushnell, served in his father's company. The earliest 
am estor in this country was Francis Bushnell, who < ame 
over in the " Planter" in 1635, embarking at London, and 
settled in New England. Sally, wife of Dr. Bushnell, was 
the daughter of Deacon Elihu Bates. The families re- 
moved from Connecticut to < )hio in 1803, where the mar- 
riage ol the parents took place in (824. Five of their 
eight children art- Still living. 

Captain Bushnell was reared on a farm, and also studied 
medicine with his father ; he obtained his elementary edu- 
cation in the common schools; went to Hartford High 
School and ( Iberlin College, and finished his studies at 
Hiram College when James A. Garfield was teaching 
there. lie had settled nu the profession of law, and 
while taking his literary course taught several terms of 
school. In [852 he went to Wisconsin, teaching a term 
at Blocli I louse Branch, after which he returned to < >hio, 
going permanently to Wisconsin in [854. He taught 
school iii Platteville and in Dodgeville while reading law 
in the office of I Ion. S. (). Paine, and was admitted to the 
bar in [857. In December of that year he began his prac- 
tii e at Platteville, established a popular business, and was 
elected district attorney in i860, receiving one hundred 
more votes than the electoral ticket for Lincoln. He 
served until the condition of national affairs seemed par- 
amount to all other considerations, and he resigned to 
give his attention to military affairs. On the first call for 
troops in April, [86l, he enlisted as a private, and aided 



in raising the Platteville Guards, which was organized by 
electing him its first lieutenant, and Samuel Nasmith, an 
old soldier of the Mexican War, captain. Captain Bush- 
nell was commissioned first lieutenant of the company, 
which was mustered into the Seventh Wisconsin as Com- 
pany C, its members having enlisted for three months ; 
hut on the order providing for the enrolment of no more 
short-service men, they re-enlisted for three years. Cap- 
tain Bushnell's commission as lieutenant was dated in 
May. [861, and he was mustered at Madison in August, 
and proceeded to Washington and the front, where his 
regiment was brigaded with the Second and Sixth Wis- 
consin and the Nineteenth Indiana, which organization 
became the famous " Iron Brigade." Captain Bushnell 
fought at ( (range Court-] louse, Beverly Lord, White Sul- 
phur Springs, Rappahannock, Gainesville, and Second 
Bull Run, and was afterwards taken sick with typhoid 
lever, w hich l;.i\ e him sick-leave, and he passed two months 
at home in Ohio, lie rejoined his regiment on the cast 
slope ot the Blue Ridge, and was fust again in action at 
Fredericksburg, passed the winter in quarters on the Po- 
tomac at Belle Plaine, and distinguished himself with the 
rest in the " Mud Campaign." His health becoming im- 
paired, Captain Bushnell resigned under surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. He had been promoted captain of his 
company, and served as such after the battle of Freder- 
icksburg. After remaining under medical treatment for 
a year, he returned to Wisconsin in [864. He practised 
law a short time in Platteville, a\\^\ went thence to Lan- 
caster, where, in [865, he was appointed district attorney 
of Grant County, by the governor of the State, to fill the 
unexpired term of the Hon. |. T. Mills, who had been 
elected judge oi the Fifth Circuit, and formed a copart- 
nership with John (1. (lark in 1867. In 1880 Mr. Wat- 
kins became a member of the firm, which continued to 
exist until the withdrawal of Mr. Clark in [882. Early 
in 1 8<)i In- removed to Madison, and there became a mem- 
ber of the law thin of Bushnell, Rogers & Hall, with 
which firm he remains connected. Captain Bushnell was 
the first mayor of Lancaster. In [872 he was made a 
member of the Legislature, and served on the [udiciary 
Committee. He served a number of years as United 
States district attorney of the Western District of Wiscon- 
sin. He was married at Lancaster to Laura F., daughter 
of Addison and Martha Burr, w ho died in 1 Sj 3, leaving a 
daughter named Mabel. In 1875 he married Mary F., 
daughter of Cyrus and Fanny ( Barber) Sherman. Captain 
Bushnell is a Royal Arch Mason. He was elected to the 
Fifty-second Congress as a Democrat from theThird Dis- 
trict of Wisconsin, having received sixteen thousand four 
hundred and thirty-two votes against fifteen thousand four 
hundred and thirty votes for R. M. La Follette, Republi- 
can, being the first Democrat elected from that district 
since the war of' [86l, when both parties were united. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



213 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL SAMUEL AUGUSTUS 
DUNCAN, U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General Samuel Augustus Duncan 
was born June 19, 1836, in Meriden, New Hampshire. 
He received his academical education at Kimball Union 
Academy and Dartmouth College, graduating at the 
latter institution in 1858, and being the valedictorian of 
his class. 

In September, [862, he entered the Union army as 
major of the Fourteenth Regiment New Hampshire 
Volunteers; served on the Upper Potomac and in the 
defences of Washington until September, 1863; then was 
commissioned by President Lincoln colonel of the Fourth 
Regiment ofUnited States Colored Troops, and assigned 
to the command of a brigade at Yorktown, serving in 
the Department of Virginia and North Carolina during 
the winter of 1 863-64. ( )n the organization of the Army 
of the James he was assigned to the command of the 
Second Brigade of the Third Division of the Eighteenth 
Army Corps; he effected the landing .it City Point, May 
5, 1864, and participated with his command in the 
combined operations of the Armies of the Potomac and 
the lames in front of Petersburg and Richmond in the 
campaign of that year. He took part in the assault on 
the outer works of Petersburg June 15 ; was present with 
his brigade at the mine explosion in front of Petersburg; 
and was severely wounded in the engagement at fort 
Harrison and New Market Heights September 29. 

For gallant conduct in the engagement at New- Mar- 
ket Heights he received the brevet of brigadier-gem ral, 
and later in the war was brevetted major-general for 
gallant and meritorious services. In 1865 he served 
with General Terry in North Carolina, and after John- 
ston's surrender held local commands at New-Heine and 
Wilmington, North Carolina. He was mustered out 
in May, [866, declining a commission in the regular 
arm)'. 

After graduation at college, General Duncan was prin- 




cipal of the High School at Quincy, Massachusetts, for 
two years; and then for two years was instructor of lan- 
guages and mathematics at Dartmouth College, receiv- 
ing the degree of A.M. in 1861. After leaving military 
life he became a special agent of the Treasury Depart- 
ment, and afterwards entered the Patent-Office, receiving 
from President Grant in 1 870 a commission as assistanl 
commissioner of patents. Having studied law at the 
Columbian Law School in Washington, and been ad- 
mitted to the bar, he removed to New York in 1 872, 
where he has since pursued the practice ol his pro- 
fession, having made a specialty of the law of patents, 
and being retained as counsel in many of the most im- 
portant patent litigations of the metropolis. 

General Duncan's parents were Samuel Pell and Ruth 
Ticknor Duncan. In 1867 he married Miss Julia Jones, 
of New Hampshire, and has a family of fne children. 

In [892 he was elected senior vice-commander of the 
New York Commanders of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion. 



214 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR JOSEPH ASHBROOK, U.S.V. 

Brevet Major Joseph Ashbrook was born in Phila- 
delphia in 1840, and on August 4, [862, enlisted as a 
sergeant in the One Hundred and Eighteenth Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry. This regiment was soon hurried to the 
front for the defence of Washington, was attached to the 
Fifth Corps of the Arm}- of the Potomac, and in less 
than a month had suffered heavily in an action .it Shep- 
herdstown, Virginia, September 20, 1862, where sergeant 
Ashbrook was desperately wounded. Rejoining his regi- 
ment before he had fully recovered from his wounds, he 
served in the Chancellorsville campaign, but was invalided 
in consequence, and ordered to the Baltimore Hospital. 
Commissioned second lieutenant, to date from March 26, 
[863, he again rejoined his regiment, and served in the 



Mine Run campaign. ( )n June 6, 1864, he was promoted 
to the grade of first lieutenant, and on November 8, 
1864, to that of captain, participating in all of the en- 
gagements incident to Grant's approach on Richmond 
and the siege of Petersburg. He served on the staff of 
General Bartlett, commanding the Third Brigade, and 
subsequently as ordnance-officer on the staff of General 
Griffin, commanding the First Division, Fifth Army 
Corps, and in this capacity was detailed to receive the 
arms and ammunition surrendered by the Army of 
Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court-House in April, 
1S65. He was brevetted major United States Volunteers 
July 6, 1864, "for gallant and distinguished services at 
the battles of the Wilderness and Bethesda Church, and 
during the present campaign before Richmond, Virginia." 

Paltering the army a mere boy, Major Ashbrook not 
only won distinction by his bravery and efficiency, but 
gained to a very unusual extent" the esteem and confi- 
dence of the officers and men of his regiment as a man 
of high principle and unswerving devotion to duty. 
Singularly modest and retiring in his disposition, he 
nevertheless made his influence felt upon the morale of his 
regiment by his example of devotion to his ideal of the 
soldier. He was equally efficient when leading his men 
under fire and when called on during a critical part of a 
campaign to act as ordnance-officer of the Fifth Corps. 

He is manager of the insurance department of the 
Provident Life and Trust Company, one of the foremost 
financial institutions of Philadelphia, having connected 
himself with the company shortly after the close of the 
war. Regarded as one of the ablest of American life 
underwriters, he has throughout the countiy the reputa- 
tion of standing for all that is honest and best in his 
profession. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



215 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL CHARLES DEVENS, U.S.V. 
(deceased). 

Brevet Major-General Charles Devens was born 
in Charlestown, Massachusetts, April 4, 1820. He grad- 
uated at Harvard, studied in the law school at Cambridge, 
and commenced practising in 1841, meeting with great 
success until 1861, when, on the 19th April, he accepted 
the office of major, commanding an independent battalion 
of rifles, with which he served three months, and in July 
was appointed colonel of the Fifteenth Massachusetts 
Volunteers. With this regiment he served until April, 
1862, and was wounded at the battle of Ball's Bluff. He- 
was made brigadier-general in 1 862, commanded a brigade 
during the Peninsular campaign, was disabled by a wound 
at Fair Oaks, and was in the battles of Antietam and 
Fredericksburg. In 1863 he commanded a division in 
the Eleventh Corps at the battle of Chancellorsville, where 
he was severely wounded. Returning to the field in the 
spring of 1S64, he was appointed to the command of a 
division in the Eighteenth Army Corps, reorganized as 
the Third Division of the Twenty-fourth Corps, and his 
troops were the first to occupy Richmond when it was 
evacuated by the Confederates. 

General Devens was brevetted major-general " for gal- 
lantry and good conduct at the capture of Richmond,'' 
and remained in the service for a year after the termination 
of hostilities, his principal duty being as commander of 
the District of Charleston, which, comprised the eastern 




portion of South Carolina. In June, 1866, at his own 
request, he was mustered out of service, and immediately 
resumed the practice of his profession in Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts. In April, 1867, he was appointed one of the 
justices of the Superior Court of Massachusetts, and in 
[873 was made one of the justices of the Supreme Court 
of that State. In 1S77 he became Attorney-General in 
the Cabinet of President Hayes. ( )n his return to Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1 881, he was reappointed justice of the 
Supreme Court, which office he held until his death. 



2 I 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




BREVET COLONEL WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Colonel William Henry Harrison has a 
Revolutionary ancestry. His great-grandfather, William 
Harrison, at the commencement of the Revolutionary 
War joined the standard of revolt, and raised, at his own 
expense, a company of New Jersey troops, of which he 
was commissioned captain. He served in the field during 
a great portion of the war. 

Colonel Harrison was born in Philadelphia July 19, 
[841, and graduated at the Central High School in [858. 
He entered the University at Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, 
the same year, and was graduated from that institution 
in June, [861. Through his own personal endeavor he 
received from the Honorable Simon Cameron, Secretary 
of War, an appointment in the regular army, ami was 
commissioned second lieutenant Second United States 
Cavalry November 30, 1861. He immediately joined his 
company, II, at Washington, U. C. Colonel Harrison 
was fortunate at this early date in having the advice and 
instruction of such officers as Captains John Buford, Al- 
fred Pleasonton, and Wesley Merritt, who subsequently 
served with distinction as major-generals of volunteers. 
He served with the Army of the Potomac during the en- 
tire Peninsular campaign, and on the first day's march his 
company acted as escort to General McClellan. During 
the afternoon and at midnight Lieutenant I larrison had two 
personal interviews with the commanding general, each 
time receiving verbal instructions and written despatches, 
which he carried to General Keyes, his trip to convey 
them across the Peninsula depending upon a small map 
which General McClellan drew with his own pen for him. 

When the Army of the Potomac retired from Har- 
rison's Landing in the late summer of 1862, Lieutenant 
Harrison, at the suggestion of the commanding general, 



took a small escort and made a rapid ride through the 
camps, that he might be fully assured that not a single 
soldier of the grand army was left behind. 

Lieutenant Harrison was ordered with his company to 
General Sumner's corps during General Pope's retreat, 
and by a reconnoissance was instrumental in giving timely 
warning to General Torbert, then in command at German- 
town, near Fairfax Court-House, of General Fit/.hugh 
Lee's attempt to attack and harass our rear. 

Colonel Harrison participated in the marches and battles 
of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Get- 
tysburg, at which latter place, on the third day, he fought 
with his squadron dismounted, and commanded the men 
em the extreme left of the Army of the Potomac. He 
was with the cavalry corps of the Army of the Potomac 
in its marches and battles from the crossing of the Rapidan 
in May, 1864, until the first cavalry division was ordered 
to the Valley of the Shenandoah in August. At the 
battle of Winchester, September 19, 1864, he was taken 
prisoner in a cavalry charge of the Reserve Cavalry 
Brigade, and for nearly six months endured the suffering 
and privation of prison life in Libby, Danville, and Salis- 
bury Prisons. On being exchanged in March, 1865, he 
was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Two Hundred 
and Fourteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers (Eighth Lmion 
League Regiment), ami served with it in the Valley of 
the Shenandoah and at Washington, D. C, until the 
spring of 1866, at which time he was mustered out of 
the volunteer service and ordered to join his regiment, 
the Second United States Cavalry, in the Department of 
the Missouri. He served on the frontier at Forts Riley, 
Harker, Larned, Dodge, Lyon, and Wallace, as acting 
assistant adjutant and inspector-general of the District 
of the Upper Arkansas. He resigned his commission in 
November, 1866. 

Colonel Harrison was appointed second lieutenant 
Second United States Cavalry November 30, 1861 ; pro- 
moted first lieutenant August 25, 1862, and captain July 
28, 1866. He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel 
Two Hundred and Fourteenth Pennsylvania Infantry 
April 6, 1865, and honorably mustered out of the volun- 
teer service March 21, 1866. He was brevetted captain 
United States Army May 6, 1864, " for gallant and meri- 
torious services at the battle of Todd's Tavern, Wilder- 
ness, Virginia ;" major September 19, 1864, "for gallant 
and meritorious services at the battle of Winchester, Vir- 
ginia ;" colonel United States Volunteers March 13, i865_ 
" for gallant and meritorious services during the war." 
He has been engaged in the manufacturing business in 
Philadelphia since [867, and at present is president of the 
Creswell Iron-Works. 

Colonel Harrison was married November 19, 1868, to 
Anna Dale Beaver, of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. Two 
daughters, Margaret Dale and Emily Beaver, are living. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



217 



BREVET COLONEL MOSES VEALE, U.S.V. 

Brevet Colonel Moses Veale was bom in Bridge- 
ton, New Jersey, November 9, 1832, the son of Moses 
Veale and Elizabeth Sharpe. His father's grandfather, 
Nehemiah Veale, settled near Bridgeton in the year 1700, 
and Walter Veale was rector of Idysligh, North Devon, 
England, 1691. His mother's family, the Sharpes, settled 
at Salem, New Jersey, 1765, then called the District of 
Fairfax, and a great-uncle of his mother was appointed 
judge of the district by George I. His mother's father 
was in the charge at Lundy's Lane under General Scott 
as a non-commissioned officer, and died at Sackctt's 
Harbor. 

He married the daughter of William McDonald and 
Elizabeth Wynne. Her great-grandfather McDonald 
was one of the Free Quakers of the Revolution, and her 
mother's great-grandfather was Thomas Wynne, who came 
with William Penn as surgeon. 

Major Veale received an education in the Quaker 
Seminary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was for 
three years instructor in the same, after which he read 
law and was admitted to the courts of Philadelphia and 
the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. 

Soon after the breaking out of the war he was mus- 
tered into the service of the United States as second lieu- 
tenant. Company F, One Hundred and Ninth Pennsylva- 
nia, November 8, 1861. During the spring and summer 
of 1862 he served upon the staff of General C. C. Augur 
as assistant provost-marshal, and later upon the staff of 
General John W. Geary as assistant commissary of mus- 
ters and aide-de-camp, with the several ranks of lieutenant, 
captain, and major. 

He was commissioned captain April 4, 1863, and ma- 
jor. May 4, 1864, and has the record of having mustered 
the first veteran volunteer regiment ever sworn into the 
service of the United States, the Twenty-ninth Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Major Veale was discharged from the service by special 
order of the War Department, June 8, 1865, and has a 
commission dated January 16, 1865, as brevet colonel for 
gallant and meritorious services at the battles of Cedar 
Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wau- 
hatchie, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, 
Resaca, New Hope Church, Pine Knob, siege of Savan- 
nah, and General Sherman's campaign throughout the 
Carolinas. 

In an extract written by General John W. Geary he 
speaks of him in the' following terms : " Major Veale was 
bravest of the brave." General John H. Kane says, " He 
showed much gallantry in action." And the following 
letter, written by that splendid soldier, fighting Joe 
Hooker : " It gives me great pleasure to state, for the in- 
formation of all concerned, that I knew Major Veale well 
during the late war, and that I regard his sen ices on the 
2S 



<\ 



.,. 




stall of General Geary as being the most able and dis- 
tinguished of all his officers, among whom were many 
of brilliant reputations and prominent standing. I am 
conscious of no political excitement that will justify the 
impeachment of his military record or private character." 

Major Veale was slightly wounded in the arm ami 
groin at the battle of Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1862, 
and was taken prisoner ami held as a hostage in Libby 
Prison, under retaliatory orders of Jefferson Davis, until 
the last of September, 1862, when he was exchanged, and 
immediately returned to his command. 

lie was wounded in the action at Wauhatchie by a 
ball passing through his right shoulder. At Kenesaw 
Mountain he was shot through the right lung, the ball 
passing entirely through his body, and his horse was 
shot from under him and mortally wounded at the same 
time. 

After the war, Major Veale was commissioned United 
States attorney for the Territory of Montana; served as 
clerk of Indian Affairs, and on the 8th of January, 1868, 
was appointed adjutant-general, with the rank of brigadier, 
for the same territory. 

After returning to Philadelphia, in the fall of 1876, he 
was nominated by the Democratic party for State senator 
in the Fifth Senatorial District; was nominated for re- 
corder of deeds for the city of Philadelphia in 1881, and 
ran eight thousand ahead of the candidate on the ticket 
with him for State treasurer. 

( >n the 15th of April, 1884, he was appointed health- 
officer of the city of Philadelphia by Governor Pattison. 
Since that time he has resumed the practice of law. De- 
cember 14, 1 89 1, he was again appointed health-officer 
of the city of Philadelphia by Governor Pattison, and now 
occupies the office. He is a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic and of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion. 



21! 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {volunteer) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ROBERT MITCHELL EKINGS, 

u.s.v. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Mitchell Ekings was 
born near Edinburg, Scotland, on June 21, 1839. His 
parents came to this country in (849, and located at Ale unit 
Holly, Burlington County, New Jersey, from which place 
he, with two of his brothers, entered the service of their 
adopted country early during the war, and the subject of 
this sketch was the only survivor of the three, one being 
attached to a Pennsylvania regiment and died from disease 
contracted in the service; the other, who was an officer 
in the Third Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, 
was severely wounded and taken prisoner by tin- enemy 
at the battle of the Wilderness, and was killed while in 
their hands at Columbia, South Carolina. 

Colonel Ekings entered the service as a private of 
Company 1, Twenty-third Regiment New Jersey Vol- 
unteer Infantry, but upon the organization of the com- 
pany was appointed and commissioned its first lieutenant 
August 26, 1862. The regiment was immediately sent 
to the front and attached to the first New Jersey Bri- 
gade, which then formed the First Brigade, first Di- 
vision, of the Sixth Army Corps, and with said brigade 
took part in the battles of Fredericksburg, December 13- 
14, [862; Fredericksburg, May 3, 1863; and Salem 
Heights, May 3—4, 1863. The regiment, upon the expi- 



ration of its term of service, was ordered back home to 
be mustered out, but, hearing of the invasion of Pennsyl- 
vania by Lee's army before disbanding, offered their ser- 
vices to the government to assist in repelling the invader, 
were accepted and went to Harrisburg, from whence they 
returned and were mustered out at Beverly, Burlington 
County, New Jersey, June 27, 1863. Colonel Ekings re- 
entered the service as captain of Company C, Thirty- 
fourth Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, with 
which regiment he served during its whole term of ser- 
vice of nearly three years. As captain, from September 
21, 1863 ; as major, from January 20, 1865 ; and as lieu- 
tenant-colonel, from February 14, 1866, to the date of the 
muster-out of the regiment at Selma, Alabama, on April 
13, 1866. The regiment was identified, first with a pro- 
visional brigade in the Army of the Cumberland, then 
with the Lust Brigade, first Division, Sixteenth Army 
Corps, and afterwards with the Third Brigade, First Divi- 
sion, Sixteenth Army Corps, and took part in the follow- 
ing engagements : Columbus, Kentucky, April 13, 1864; 
Hickman, Kentucky, June 10, 1864; Clinton, Kentucky, 
July IO, 1864; Mayfield, Kentucky, Sept. I, 1864; Paris 
Landing, Kentucky, Oct. 31, T864; Nashville, Tennessee, 
Dec. 27, 1864; Fort Huger, Mobile, Alabama, April 2, 
1865 ; Spanish Fort, Mobile, Alabama, April 3-4, 1865 ; 
and Fort Blakely, Mobile, Alabama, April 5-9, 1865. 

During the winter of 1863-64 Colonel Ekings was in 
command of the post of Island No. 10, on the Missis- 
sippi River, ami rendered efficient service in keeping that 
part of the country free from the incursions of the gue- 
rillas, and during the Litter months of the war served 
upon the staff of Major-General Kenner Gerrard, first 
as the assistant inspector-general of the First Division of 
the Sixteenth Army Corps, and afterwards on the staff 
of the same general as provost-marshal of the Southern 
District of Alabama. 

At the close of the war Colonel Ekings was recom- 
mended by the genera! upon whose staff he was serving 
for a position as an officer in the regular army, was ex- 
amined and passed favorably upon by the examiners, but 
upon reflection, and following out his own tastes and in- 
clinations, which were for civil life, he declined said ap- 
pointment, and retired again from the service, and has 
since the war been engaged in mercantile pursuits, and is 
still living in Paterson, New Jersey. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



219 



FIRST LIEUTENANT THOMAS K. EKINGS, U.S.V. 
(deceaskd). 

First Lieutenant Thomas K. Ekings was the son of 
John and Elizabeth M. Ekings, and was born in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, June 22, 1 843, and, although but eighteen 
years of age at the commencement of the war of the 
Rebellion, he enlisted soon afterwards, and became a 
member of the Third New Jersey Infantry. I le was 
immediately promoted sergeant of Company C, and was 
shortly afterwards commissioned as first lieutenant of 
Company H. His regiment was ordered to the Army of 
the Potomac, and with it he participated in the second 
Bull Run battle, where he was wounded. He took part 
in many other severe battles from that time until the battle 
of the Wilderness in the campaign of 1864, wherehe was 
again wounded and taken prisoner. 

Lieutenant Ekings soon found miserable quarters in 
Libby Prison, at Richmond, Virginia, where he remained 
for some time ; was afterwards removed to Macon, Geor- 
gia ; from thence to Charleston, and eventually to Colum- 
bia, South Carolina. He had escaped twice from the 
loathsome prisons, — the first time succeeding in reaching 
the mountains of East Tennessee, where he was recap- 
tured and returned to prison ; the second time he got as 
far as the Blue Ridge Mountains, and was again taken. 
His last attempt to escape was made November 26, 1 864, 
in company with twelve of his fellow-prisoners. They 
were making rapid strides from the grounds when they 
were fired upon by the outer guards. Lieutenant Ekings 




was shot dead, and one of the others was wounded. 
The officer in charge at Columbia permitted the Union 
prisoners to bury their unfortunate comrade, and his body 
was afterwards removed by his father to the family bury- 
ing-ground in Mount Holly, New Jersey. 

Lieutenant Ekings had proved himself a true soldier, 
and was promoted for his faithfulness and heroism. He 
was a most worthy young man, of fine soldierly appear- 
ance, and was only twenty-one years of age when he fell 
a victim to a rebel bullet from the guard of a Confederate 
prison-pen. 



2 20 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR ROBERT DOLLARD, U.S.V. 

Majoh Rober'i Dollard was born of Irish parents, at 
Fall River, Massachusetts, March 14, 1842, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools. He entered the army April 
in, [861, as a private in Company B, Fourth Massachu 
setts Infantry, the first Union regiment to arrive in Vir- 
ginia. IK- re-enlisted September 5. i86'i,in the Twenty- 
second Massachusetts Infantry, and shortly after was 
transferred to Company E of the Twenty-third Regiment. 
lie served .is sergeant, first sergeant, and lieutenant, until 
December, 1863, when he was transferred to the Second 
I 'nit cil States Colored Cavalr} as captain of Companj I ) , 
ami in October following was promoted to major, and 
soon assigned to the command of his regiment, which he 
held until after the close of the war. lie was mustered 
out Februarj 1 2, 1 Si >i >, 

He participated in the following engagements: Roan 
oke Island. North Carolina, February7, 18(0; battle of 
New Berne, North ( iarolina, March 14, 1 862 ; South-West 
(.'reek, North Carolina, December 13. [862; Kinston, 
North Carolina, December 14, [862; Whitehall, North 
Carolina, December 10, [862; Goldsborough, North Car- 
olina, December 18, [862; Trenton, North Carolina, 
July 3, [863 ; Suffolk, Virginia, .March 1 1. [864 ; Jones's 
Bridge on Chickahominy River, Virginia, May ;, [864; 
Petersburg, Virginia, May 9, 1864) Spring Hill. Virginia, 
and two later attacks on the outer line of Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, iii May, [864; Petersburg, Virginia, June 15 and 
16, 1804 ; the siege of that place during the summer of 
1864; battled New Market Heights and Chapin's harm, 
Virginia, September 29, [864; and siege of Richmond 
during the winter of [864-65. At the battle of Suffolk 
his troop aw<\ three others were trapped by four regiments 



of the enemy's infantry, a six-gun battery, and part of a 
regiment ol cavalry; no other Union troops were within 
fifteen miles. They compelled the enemy to form line of 
hat tie, and the desperate charge led by Captain Dollard, in 
a hand-to hand conflict, held their cavalry in the streets 
ol' Suffolk until, alter a loss of nearly twenty five per cent, 
of men and horses, retreat was made possible. May 5, 

1864, at lotus's Bridge, the cavalry brigade of Colonel 
Robert M.W'est w as >n fronted by a battalion of the enemy 
intrenched on the opposite side of the stream; one regi- 
ment tried, without success, to dislodge them by a front 
attack, when Captain 1 lollard, with his troop, dismounted, 
crossed the river, and, taking them in flank and rear, cap- 
tured their camp and contents, horses, equipments, etc., 
and shortly after their intrenched position; at the same 
time his brigade was retreating because the place was im- 
pregnable. This, in Grant's report of the war and But- 
ler's book, is mentioned as the forcing of the enemy's 
position by that brigade. 

May i), 1864, Captain Dollard led the fust attack on 
Petersburg, at the head of the division of General 1 bucks ; 
under cover of the darkness, charging through the ene- 
my's pickets and their reserves with his troop, and sweep- 
ing away in disorder all opposition that covered their 
intrenchments. 

A little later, on the report that Petersburg was being 
evacuated, he was ordered to reconnoitre, go into the city, 
or learn the position and strength of the enemy. By 
forcing his way through a dense thicket, before daylight, 
he found himself and company in a veritable hornet's 
nest, behind the enemy's picket line, and in close prox- 
imity to a regiment of its cavalry and a light battery. 
With his command he cut his way out through a battal- 
ion of cavalry and infantry, carrying with him a prisoner 
from among them, .mA the desired information. 

At New Market Heights, on September Jo, 1864, Gen- 
eral Benjamin I-'. Butler's order mentioned him as follows : 
"Captain Robert Dollard, Second U.S. Col.. red Cavalry, 
acting as field-officer, and in command of the skirmish 
line, inspired his command by his great personal bravery, 
coolness, and ability, until he fell severely wounded near 
the enemy's main line." And for his services on this 
field In was promoted major. 

Major Dollard was admitted to the bar at Galesburg, 
Illinois, in 1871a, and has been in general practice since 
that time. lie located in Dakota in 18,11. and lives at 
Scotland, S. 1). 

lie was elected district attorney in 1884; was ,1 promi- 
nent member of the Constitutional Conventions for his 
state, 1883-1885, and in the Legislative Council of the 
Territory in 1 88, 1, lie is serving his second term as 
attorney-general o( the State, and is State senator elect. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ROBERT B. MITCHELL, 
U.S.V. (di i eased). 

Brevet Major-General Roberi I'.. Mitchell was 
born in Ohio, April 4, [823, and educated at Kenyon 
College, Ohio, and the Washington Law College of 
Pennsylvania. lie studied law at Mount Vernon, Ohio, 
with the late Hon. John K. Miller, and, after being ad- 
mitted to the bar, practised at Mount Gilead, Ohio, until 
1856. 

During the Mexican War he enlisted in the Sec mid 
Ohio Infantry, and participated in all the prominenl 
battles of that war, becoming a lieutenant, and at its 
close was appointed a captain in the Fifteenth United 
States Infantry. 

Returning to his home in ' >hio, he resumed the prac- 
tice of his profession until 1856, when he went to Kan 
sas to defend one of the arrested Lecompton members 
of the Legislature, and when his labors had ended in 
that case, he was so much pleased with Kansas that 
he determined to make it his future home. He was one 
nl the members oi the Legislature during the stormy 
days preceding the admission of Kansas into tin Union, 
.md was treasurer of the Territory under Governoi 
Medary. 

At the outbreak of the Rebellion he again buckled mi 
his sword, and was made colonel of the famous Second 
Kansas Regiment. He man hed into Missouri, and after 
taking part in many minor movements of the- forces along 
the frontier of the State, he led his regiment in the gal- 
lant contest at Wilson's Creek, near Springfield, Missouri, 
August IO, [86l, where he was severely wounded, ,md 
returned to Kansas, where his three months' troops wi re 
disbanded on expiration of their term nl ervice. As 
soon as he was able to get about, on recovering from his 
wounds, Colonel Mitchell began to organize his old com 
mand, and by March, [862, he organized tin- Second 
Kansas Cavalry. Colonel Mitchell was then appointed 
brigadier-general of volunteers April 8, 1862, and was 
assigned to duty with the Ann)- of the Ohio, under 
< reneral Buell. 

In this capacity he participated as commander of tin 
Thirteenth Division in the operations of September and 
October, 1 862, against General Bragg, in Kentucky, after 
which his forces were incorporated with tin Ann)- of the 
Cumberland, under General Rosecrans, and transferred 
to Tennessee. 

I I ere: he was placed in command of Nashville and 
the forces there. In his conduct of this duty and in 
the administration of city affairs he was very strict and 
inflexible, and, for the skilful manner in which he ex- 
ercised jurisdiction over tin city during the most per- 
ilous period of its history, General Rosecrans recom 
mended him for promotion to the rank of major-general 
of volunteers. 



221 




Desiring n ai tivi ervice, I reneral Mit< lull was 

during the summet ol 1863 a igned to the command of 
a division of cavalry, and operated mi tin- flanks of the 
Arm\ of the Cumberland during the Middle Tennessee 
1 ampaign, from Whiteside to ( hat) mooga. I >uring tin- 
battle of Chickamauga his cavalry covered the right 
Hank of tin- I'm on forces, and several timi repulsed the 
attempts of tin enemy's mounted troops to cross the 
stream. 

I In- next da) In- protected the train of artillery sent 
io tin- right after tin retreat of the demoralized forces, 
and September ji again defeated the enemy in several 
cavalry combats. Lor his conduct In- was spoken of 
highly in the official reports of tin Chickamauga cam- 
paign. October 6 he again attacked the enemy at Sin I 
byville, and inflicted .1 great amount of damagi 

In i.XO.| In- was honored with the commission of 
brevet major general, and distinguished himself many 
times in action, becoming commander of all the cavalry 
under Grant and Sherman in the West. I h 1 rved with 
great credit until the closi of the war, and in 1S65 In 
appointed governor of New Mexico, which offia In- re- 
tained four years. 

After leaving Now Mexico, h removed to Washing- 
ton City and engaged in the practice of law until his 
death, which occurred January 26, [882, after an Hi- 
nt only two days, attributable to tin- wounds received 
during the war. 

|u [855 General Mitchell married Miss St. John, of 
Tiffm, nhio, a daughter of Hon. Henry St. John, who, 
with a grown -on, survives him. Mr. Henry St. John 
Mitchell is division superintendent of the Kansas City 
and Memphis Railroad, and re •■ I ort Scott, Kansas, 

and his moth is a member of the Board 

of Lad\ Managers and of the Kansas State Board of the 
Columbian Commission. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (voi.vxtf.er-) 




FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES H. KIRK. U.S.V. 

First Lieutenant Charles II. Kirk was born in the 
city of Philadelphia on November 26, 1843, and gradu- 
ated from tlir Central High School of that city. In the 
month of August, [862, when not quite nineteen years of 
age, he enlisted as a private in the Fifteenth Pennsylvania 
Cavalry, and was assigned to Company E. By strict 
attention to duty and recognized merit, he was soon pro- 
moted through all the grades of non-commissioned officer, 
from corporal to orderly sergeant, all of which he filled 
with credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of his 
superior officers. Alter the battle of Murfreesborough, 
Tennessee, in which he took an active part, ami on the 
reorganization of the regiment in the spring of [863, he 
was commissioned as first lieutenant of Company E, com 
manded by Captain George S. Clark. 

On December 10, 1863, Captain Clark was seriously 
wounded in an engagement at Gatlinburg, Tennessee, 
and incapacitated from ever returning to active duty, 
and from that time forth until the close of the war. when 
the regiment was mustered out "I service at Nashville, 
fune 21, [865, the command of the company devolved 
on Lieutenant Kirk, he being the only commissioned 
officer left in the company. Lieutenant Kirk participated 
in many engagements, being present with his regiment in 
all of its many campaigns, except tin- closing one of the 
war, when he was on detached service near Knoxville, 
Tennessee. 

Though but little more than nineteen years of age 
whin the command of the company devolved upon him 
through the wounding of his captain, he at once demon- 
strated his fitness for the position, and exhibited those 
high soldierly qualities which can alone, in an 1 ifficer, com- 
mand the respect and discipline of the men under him. 
The compiler of this short sketch saw much of Lieutenant 



Kirk' during his entire term of .service, though an officer 
in another battalion, and can say that Company E, under 
his command, was as thoroughly efficient and well-dis- 
ciplined as any company in the regiment, and its com- 
mander had always the confidence and esteem of the 
non-commissioned officers and men under him. 

The Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, after its reorgani- 
zation at Murfreesborough in the spring of 1863, saw- 
constant and hard service in the field, and was in many 
hard-fought engagements, in nearly all of which Lieu- 
tenant Kirk participated with credit to himself. lie par- 
ticularly distinguished himself January 14, 1865, at Red 
Hill, Alabama. General Lyon, in command of a small 
brigade of General Hood's Confederate cavalry,had been 
detached from General Hood's army, and when the latter 
was defeated and driven back from Nashville by General 
George 11. Thomas, General Lyon was cut oil, but 

managed to cross the Tennessee River, and encamped at 
Kr>\ Hill, Alabama, some miles from the river, where he 
believed himself secure. Colonel William J. Palmer, in 
command of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry and a 
small detachment of Tennessee troopers, had just returned 
from following General Hood's army into Mississippi, 
where he destroyed his pontoon ami wagon trains and 
captured main' prisoners, and had reached Huntsville, 
Alabama, with men worn out and but lew serviceable 
horses, when he learned of General Lyon's escape across 
tin river near that place. Taking only such horses ami 
men as could stand a quick, hard march, — about two hun- 
dred, — he crossed the Tennessee River and marched rapidly 
all night, coming in on General Lyon's command by a 
circuitous way, and dashed into his camps just before day- 
break. The surprise was complete and many prisoners 
were taken. Lieutenant Kirk had the rear-guard of eight 
men. and in the darkness of early morning did not see 
that the battalion he was following had taken a cross- 
road to the right, lie halted a short distance from a 
body of troops in his front, which he soon discovered to 
be one of the regiments of General Lyon's brigade. A 
charge was ordered at once, which was so sudden ami 
determined that the head of the rebel column gave way 
and made little resistance, and, as the narrow 1 road gave 
no opportunity to deploy, it resulted in such complete 
success that they even abandoned their last piece <>f ar- 
tillery to the victors. General Lyon was himself taken 
prisoner by Sergeant Arthur P. Lyon, belonging to the 
company commanded by the writer, but who, after having 
surrendered, found an opportunity to shoot the sergeant 
through the head, and escaped in the dark. 

Since the close of the war Lieutenant Kirk has been 
engaged in business in Philadelphia, and is an active mem- 
bei of Post No. 2, of which he was recently a very effi- 
cient commander, and is also a member of the Loyal 
Legion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



223 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL CHARLES EW1NG, U.S.V. 
(deceased). 

Charles Ewing, brigadier-general of volunteers and 

captain Thirteenth Regular Infantry, was horn at Lan- 
caster, Ohio, March 6, 1835. He was the youngest son 
of the distinguished Whig statesman, Thomas Ewing. 
When the war broke out he was practising law in St. 
Louis. General Sherman then lived there, and young 
Ewing had the great advantage of a course of military 
instruction under him, whose genius saw the rising storm 
in all its vast proportions. When Sherman was appointed 
colonel of the Thirteenth Regular Infantry, he had Ewing 
appointed captain of Company A of the same regiment, 
and in October, 1S62, after a year of hard service in re 
cruiting and drilling the battalion, Kw ing led it t< 1 the held. 

In Sherman's first assault on Vicksburg, May [9, 
1 863, a battalion of the Thirteenth Regulars, commanded 
by Captain Washington, had the advance. As they 
struggled up the rugged hill, into the- ditch, and on to 
the parapet, Captain Washington was killed, and the 
command devi lived on Captain Ewing, The coli ir-bearer 
fell mortal 1)' wounded ; then 1 second w as shot down, then 
a third, when Ewing seized the flag and planted it on the 
parapet. I le was shot through the hand and hat, and the 
flag-Staff was shattered in his grasp, amid a hail of bul- 
lets which swept his command from the parapet with a 
loss of over half its officers and men. 

In the second assault, on the 22cl of Ma)-, Captain 
Ewing's battalion followed the splendid brigade of his 
brother, General Hugh Ewine, who led the column. 
Captain Ewing here rendered a signal service to the 
republic by saving General Grant, who was riding into 
the jaws of death, when young Ewing seized his horse 
by the bit and backed him down a steep bank out ol the 
dead!)' fire. 

For conspicuous gallantry throughout the Vicksburg 
campaign, Captain Ewing was promoted to Lie inspector 
general of the fifteenth Army Corps. lie followed 
Sherman's conquering banner, as inspector-general of 
the Army of the Mississippi and, later, as brigade com- 
mander, through all his glorious service. An offii ial 
statement of .Assistant Adjutant-General Mi Keever says 
the records of the War Department show that Ewing re 
ceived three successive brevets in the regular army, two 
staff promotions, and a commission as brigadier-general 
of volunteers, and that he bore an honorable part in the 
following battles and campaigns : Chickasaw Bayou, Ar- 
kansas Post, Deer Creek, Haines's Bluff, Champion I fills, 
Bridgeport, the two assaults on Vicksburg, the siegi -1 
Vicksburg, the siege of Jackson, battle of Colliersville, 
the Chattanooga campaign, battle of Missionary Ridge, 
campaign to Knoxville, battles of Dalton, Resaca, Cass- 
ville, New Hope Church, Kenesaw, Ruff's Station, Peach- 
tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesborough, the Savannah cam- 




paign, and, finally, commanded the Second Brigade, Third 
Division, Seventh Army Corps, through the Carolinas, al 
the battle "I Averysborough and Bentonville, and the 
final surrender ol the Confederate ami)' at 1 )urham Station. 

lie crowned his military career at the Grand Review 
at Washington on the- 24th day of May, 1865, when the 
veterans of the war made their ever-memorable march 
amid the acclaims of a nation rescued by their sacrifii e 
and valor. As lie K.de pasl the reviewing stand, at the 
head of his famous brigade, his majestic: and venerable 
father, Thomas Ewing, with patriotic pride and emotion 
flailed his son, — glorious in his chivalrous youth, his 
splendid service, his brilliant talent, — one of the kindest, 
bravest, and best of all that immortal host. 

lie resigned his commission as brigadiei general ol 
volunteers December 1, 1 865 , and as captain in the regu- 
lar army |uly y>, [867, and entered on the practice ol 
law in Washington. For several years he devoted mui h 
tune to the establishment of the Bureau oi Catholic: In- 
dian Missions, — a great and unselfish service, which was 
cordially recognized by bishops and clergy, and by His 
Holiness Pope Pius IX., who, to signalize his apprecia- 
tion of his labors, made him a Knight of tile Order of 
St. Gregory the < neat. 

On tin: 20th of December, 1870, he was married at 
Mount Vernon, Ohio, by Archbishop Purcell, to Mi 
Virginia Larwill Miller, tin: beautiful and accomplished 
daughter of the late John K. Miller, a prominent lawyer, 
,,nd lor several terms a member ol 1 < ngn Eight 

children blessed their union, of whom seven are yet 
living, who ,ue 11 in. ill. able- lor come -nil 

talent. General Ewing die d al Wa ihington, D.C., June 
20, 1883, after a brief illness, in the prime of his splendid 
faculties. He was refined in thought and Ian ym- 

pathetic and genial, and has earned the perpetual remem- 
brance promised to the just. 



224 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY [volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL OLIVER L. SPAULD- 
ING, U.S.V. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Oliver L. Spaulding 
was born in Jaffrey, New Hampshire, August 2, 1833. 
He graduated from Oberlin College, Ohio, in 1855, and 
for the next three years engaged in teaching, pursuing in 
the mean time thestudyof the law. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1858, and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession at St. Johns, Michigan, which has since been his 
home. In the same year he was elected a regent of the 
University of Michigan for the term which, under the then 
existing law, expired in 1864. He continued the practice 
of his profession until July, 1862, when he entered the 
army as captain of Company A, Twenty-third Michigan 
Volunteers. In February following he was promoted to 
be major, and two months later lieutenant-colonel of his 
regiment, of which he was in command for a short time 
as captain, ami during his entire service as mainland lieu- 
tenant-colonel, lie was commissioned colonel early in 
1864, but, as the regiment had been reduced below the 
minimum, he was unable to muster until October follow- 



ing, when it was recruited to the requisite number. The 
regiment was employed in its early service in Kentucky 
and Tennessee, and later, as a part of the Twenty-third 
Corps, it participated in the East Tennessee and Atlanta 
campaigns, anil, after the fall of Atlanta, in the movements 
which culminated in the battles of Cumberland and Nash- 
ville, and the final defeat of Hood's army. After the 
battle of Nashville he was transferred with his command 
to North Carolina, and was present at the capture of Fort 
Anderson, and the other engagements which resulted 
in the occupation of Wilmington by the Union forces. 
After the surrender of Johnston he was on duty at Salis- 
bury, North Carolina until mustered out of the service in 
July, 1865. He was brevetted brigadier-general, and at 
the close of the war was in command of the brigade to 
which his regiment was attached. 

On his muster-out he resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession. In 1866 he was elected Secretary of State of 
Michigan, and re-elected in 1868. In 1875 he became a 
special agent of the Treasury Department, and held the 
position until he resigned it on his election to Congress in 
1880. While in Congress he served on the Committees 
on Military Affairs and Indian Affairs. In 1883 he was 
chairman of a commission sent to the Sandwich Islands 
to investfgate certain features of the Hawaiian Reciprocity 
Treaty, and in 1885 he was employed in important investi- 
gations for the Treasury Department in New York and 
on the Pacific coast. Resigning his position in the depart- 
ment in December of that year, he was engaged in the 
practice of his profession until the summer of 18S9, when 
he was again appointed to the office of special agent of 
the Treasury Department, which he resigned on his ap- 
pointment to the office of Assistant Secretary of the 
Treasury in July, 1890. 

General Spaulding has been prominent in the Masonic 
fraternity, and has held the highest positions in the gift 
of the various Masonic grand bodies of Michigan. His 
religious affiliations are with the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, and since [866 he has been a vestryman and 
senior warden of the church at St. Johns. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



225 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL LUTHER S. TROWBRIDGE, 

U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General Luther S. Trowbridge was 
born July 28, 1836. He came of patriotic stock. His 
grandfather, though only a lad at the beginning, served 
with distinction throughout the Revolutionary War, and 
his father served on the Niagara frontier in the War of 
18 1 2. He entered Yale College in the class of 1857, alu ' 
received the degree of A.M. ; was admitted to the bar in 
1858, and the following year formed a partnership with 
the late Hon. A. W. Buel, which continued until Septem- 
ber, 1862, when he entered the army as majorof the Fifth 
Michigan Cavalry. He went with that regiment to the 
Army of the Potomac. In the memorable cavalry fight 
on the right flank at Gettysburg his regiment rendered 
valuable service. While leading a charge of his battalion, 
his horse was killed and he narrowly escaped capture. 
He took an active part in the severe cavalry fighting fol- 
lowing the battle of Gettysburg, and commanded his 
regiment in the capture of Snicker's and Ashby's Gaps. 
He was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel of the Tenth 
Michigan Cavalry August 25, 1863. He went with that 
regiment to East Tennessee, and was attached to the 
Army of the Ohio. 

When that army joined General Sherman for the 
Atlanta campaign, he was left with his regiment in East 
Tennessee to watch the frontier in the direction of Vir- 
ginia. The work was important and laborious, but 
offered few opportunities for distinction. His first en- 
gagement was at Carter's Station, April 25, 1864, where, 
with a thin line of dismounted cavalry, he assaulted and 
carried a heavily-intrenched position manned by a superior 
force of the enemy. 

During the summer of 1864, the regiment, having its 
head-quarters at Strawberry Plains, was actively engaged 
in scouting, and on many occasions had spirited en- 
counters with the enemy, in which it was uniformly suc- 
cessful. 

A fort had been laid out by an engineer officer at 
Strawberry Plains. Colonel Trowbridge was ordered to 
complete it. He was not an engineer, and had had no 
experience in building fortifications. He had, however, 
Professor Mahan's little book on " Field Fortifications," 
and determined to do his best. A slight examination of 
the work satisfied him that a serious mistake had been 
made in its plan. He so reported to his commanding 
officer, General Davis Tilson, and was directed to change 
it according to his su£<jestions. The change, which in- 
volved all the faces of the work, was fortunate. On two 
occasions afterwards the fort was successfully defended 
against attacks by greatly superior forces, well supplied 
with artillery. Had the fort been completed as originally 
laid out, not a gun from its embrasures could have reached 
the enemy's artillery. 
29 




Jul)- 24, 1X04, Colonel Trowbridge was promoted to be 
colonel of his regiment. January 20, 1865, he was ap- 
pointed provost-marshal-general of East Tennessee, a 
position which he filled to the great satisfaction of the 
loyal people of that section, and with the hearty approval 
of his commanding officer. March 20, 1865, he was re- 
lieved as provost-marshal to enable him to take command 
of his regiment in an important expedition then being 
organized by General Stoneman for operations in Virginia 
and the Carolinas, in which he took an active part and had 
some severe fighting. 

Upon his return to East Tennessee he was brevetted 
brigadier-general and major-general, and assigned to the 
command of a brigade in the Cavalry Division of East 
Tennessee. 

lie was mustered out at the expiration of his term 
of service, September 1, 1865. After remaining at Knox- 
ville nearly three years in the practice of his profes- 
sion, he returned to Detroit in the spring of 1 868. In 
1875, without previous intimation, he was appointed by 
President Grant collector of internal revenue for the first 
district of Michigan, which position he held for seven 
years and a half. He has had many other positions of 
honor and trust, such as inspector-general of State troops, 
controller of the city of Detroit, and vice-president of 
the Wayne County Savings Rank. For the last three 
years he has been the confidential agent of Mr. Luther 
Beecher, and is now one of the administrators of his large 
estate. 

General Trowbridge married Julia 1\L, the second 
daughter of the late Hon. A. W. Buel, a lady of rare 
accomplishments. She was the first lady, it is believed, 
in this country among amateur musicians, as distinguished 
from professionals, to bring out the violin as an instru- 
ment especially suited to the feminine hand. General and 
Mrs. Trowbridge have seven children. 



226 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (.volunteer) 




CAPTAIN HENRY K. WEAND. U.S.V. 

Captain Henry K. Weand, the subject of this sketch, 
was born on the 28th day of March, 1838, at Pottstown, 
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. At an early age he 
removed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he attended 
the public schools for a time, and subsequently became a 
pupil at "The Hill School," Pottstown, where he completed 
his education. Being of a legal turn of mind, he turned 
his attention to the study of law, and in i860, when 
twenty-two years of age, he was admitted to practice at 
the bar of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Shortly 
after the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted in Com- 
pany K, Fourth Pennsylvania Infantry, and when the com- 
pany was mustered into the service of the United States 
at Harrisburg, he was elected first lieutenant of the com- 
pany. 

At the expiration of the three months' service, just 
prior to the battle of Hull Run, he was mustered out, but 
was one of the few who volunteered to remain and par- 
ticipate in that battle. In August, 1 862, he again enlisted 
as a private in the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Cav- 
alry, and was mustered into service at Carlisle Barracks, 
Pennsylvania, just on the eve of the battle of Antietam, 
in which, with a part of his regiment, he took part. 
Shortly afterwards the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry 
was ordered to the West, to join the Army of the Cum- 
berland, with which its history was identified until the 
close of the war, when Captain Weand with his regiment 
was mustered out of service in June, 1865, at Nashville, 
Tennessee. 

Captain Weand was, through merit as a soldier, rapidly 
promoted through the various grades of non-commis- 
sioned officers, from corporal to first sergeant of his com- 
pany, and in the spring of 1863 was commissioned to be 
first lieutenant of Company M. I Ie was present with part 



of the regiment at the memorable battle of Murfrees- 
borough, Tennessee, and during the days of that hard- 
fought and sanguinary battle was constantly on duty, day 
and night, the detachment to which he belonged being 
the advance-guard in the initial movement by General 
Sheridan. 

In September, 1863, Chickamauga, the great battle 
of the West, was fought, and here, too, Captain Weand 
was present, and took an active part during those days 
of close and terrible fighting. During nearly three 
years of service in the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, 
Captain Weand participated in nearly all of the many en- 
gagements of that regiment, — Antietam, Murfreesbor- 
ough, Chickamauga, Dandridge, Mossy Creek, Knox- 
ville, Red Hill, and man)' others ; and was always on 
active duty throughout the many varied campaigns of 
the regiment in Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, 
North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Mis- 
sissippi. 

As an officer, Captain Weand always had the re- 
spect of the men under him and the esteem of his 
superior officers, and, as an appreciation of his services, 
he was in February, 1865, commissioned captain of Com- 
pany H. 

During the campaign in East Tennessee, when General 
Longstreet wintered there after his defeat at Knoxville, 
Captain Weand saw much hard and severe service on the 
French Broad River, where fighting with General Long- 
street's men was of almost daily occurrence. 

At the termination of the war he returned to Mont- 
gomery County, Pennsylvania, and resumed the practice 
of law at Norristown. He was twice nominated for dis- 
trict attorney by the Republican party, but, the county 
being at that time largely Democratic, he was on both 
occasions defeated. 

General Hartranft, when in command of the Second 
Division, National Guard, placed him on his staff with the 
rank of major, and he was also judge-advocate of the 
State, with the rank of brigadier-general, on the staff of 
Governor Hartranft. 

He has filled the office of president of the School Board 
of Norristown for many years, and was also solicitor for 
the Town Council, County Commissioners, and sheriff, 
and was one of the solicitors of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company. 

In 1877 Governor Beaver appointed Captain Weand 
additional law judge of Montgomery County, at the 
urgent request of the bar, and in 1888 he was elected a 
judge for the term of ten years by the largest majority 
ever given to a Republican in Montgomery County. 

Captain Weand is a member of " Zook" Post, No. 
II, of the Grand Army of the Republic, at Norristown, 
and also of the Loyal Legion, Commander)- of Pennsyl- 
vania. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



127 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL HUGH EWING, U.S.V. 

Brevet Major-General Hugh Ewing was born at 
Lancaster, Ohio, October 31, 1826. His father was 
Thomas Ewing, one of the foremost statesmen and 
lawyers of his day, and his grandfather, George Ewing, 
an officer in the Revolution. 

General Ewing received his early education in Ohio, 
finishing at West Point. He went with the tide of 1 849 to 
California, crossing Mexico on horseback, and taking 
ship from Mazatlan. After three years of adventure and 
hardship in the gold-fields, he returned, and in 1855 com- 
menced practising law in St. Louis. In 1857 he went 
into a law partnership at Leavenworth, Kansas, with his 
brother, Thomas Ewing, W. T. Sherman, and Daniel 
McCook (four future generals), and later took charge of 
his father's estates in Ohio. 

In May, 1861, he was appointed brigade inspector of 
Ohio volunteers, with the rank of major, for which he 
was especially well qualified by his West Point educa- 
tion. 

At the end of his three months' service, during 
which he took part in the battle of Rich Mountain, he- 
was appointed colonel of the Thirtieth ( )hio, and as- 
sumed immediate command, joining Rosecrans in West 
Virginia. 

On the close of the campaign he was ordered to Wash- 
ington by Rosecrans on an official errand, and while 
there was appointed by General McClellan president of 
an examining board to pass on the qualifications of vol- 
unteer officers. On his return he was detailed president 
of a court-martial and military commission, composed 
of thirteen colonels, which convened at Charleston. 
In the following August he was hurried to Washing- 
ton, which was then threatened, and led the assault 
on South Mountain. Here he executed a difficult ma- 
noeuvre, under fire, and in the final charge was in the 
front line. 

At midnight on South Mountain he was assigned to 
the command of the First Brigade. At Antietam, next 
day, he commanded on the extreme left, and is credited 
in General Burnside's report with having "saved the 
left from being completely driven in." In special recogni- 
tion of his conspicuous service in these battles he was 
appointed a brigadier-general. 

In the beginning of 1863 he was sent from West Vir- 
ginia with his brigade of four regiments to Sherman's com- 
mand at Vicksburg. He was there selected to lead the 
assault of the 22d of May, which Sherman, as he wit- 
nessed it, said " was more deadly than the assault on the 
bridge of Lodi." General Ewing wished to fill the ditch 
with cane fascines, which were to be had in abundance on 
the spot, to be carried by the assaulting part} - , but it was 
decided at the council, against his judgment, that planks 
should be carried, which, however, proved too short for 




the span, and, dropping into the ditch, frustrated the 
assault. He continued, however, to hold the advanced 
position which he had gained until the surrender of Vicks- 
burg. 

He then participated in the attack upon Jackson, Mis- 
sissippi, over which he was soon after placed in com- 
mand. He was then assigned to the command of the 
Fourth Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, and moved with 
it to Chattanooga, where he made a demonstration on 
Bragg's left, and soon after led his division in the assault 
on Missionary Ridge, where his loss — eight hundred in 
killed and wounded — was the heaviest experienced by 
any division that day. General Ewing pursued Bragg, 
and then turned to the relief of Knoxville. In 1864 he 
commanded a district in Southern Kentucky, but again 
took the field, and was assigned to a command in North 
Carolina. At the close of the war he was appointed 
president of a court-martial in Washington, and brevetted 
major-general. 

He was then appointed minister to the Hague, which 
position he occupied four years, and, after travelling over 
the most of Europe, returned to Washington and re- 
sumed the practice of the law. He was soon obliged, 
however, by ill health to abandon his profession, and re- 
tired to "Idleside," his suburban residence near Lancaster, 
( >hio, devoting his time to horticulture and literary pur- 
suits, publishing, among other things, a novel entitled 
" A Castle in the Air." 

In 1858 General Ewing married Henrietta Young, 
daughter of George Washington Young, a planter of the 
District of Columbia and Prince George's County, de- 
scendant of Benjamin Young, who early came over to 
the province as commissioner of crown lands, and by 
his mother's side, of Cuthbert Fenwick, an officer of 
Lord Baltimore, who crossed in "The Ark and the 
Dove" in 1634. 



!28 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL CHARLES HAMLIN, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Brigadier-General Charles Hamlin, son 
of Hannibal Hamlin, has a revolutionary ancestry. His 
paternal great-grandfather was a major, and enlisted five 
of his suns in the same company. General Hamlin was 
born at Hampden, Maine, September 13, 1837; was 
graduated at Bowdoin College in 1857, and after reading 
law with his father, was admitted to the bar of the 
Supreme Judicial Court of Maine in October, 1858. 

Before he entered the military service he actively 
engaged in recruiting for various regiments and the navy, 
obtaining commissions for officers in the First Maine 
Cavalry and as acting masters in the navy. In the sum- 
mer of 1862 he assisted in raising the Eighteenth Maine 
Infantry, afterwards reorganized into the First Maine 
Heavy Artillery, second on the list of " Fox's Regimental 
Losses," and was mustered as major in August, 1862. 



He served with this regiment in the defences of Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia, until May, 1863, when he 
resigned to enter the field for a more active service, 
having been appointed assistant adjutant-general United 
States Volunteers upon the staff of Major-General Hiram 
G. Berry, killed Ma)- 3, 1863, at the battle of Chancellors- 
ville, while commanding the Second Division (formerly 
Hooker's) of the Third Corps. 

He remained with this celebrated division until Feb- 
ruary, 1 864, when it was consolidated with the Second 
Corps, and participated in the battle of Gettysburg and 
its subsequent campaigns, including Kelly's Ford, Locust 
Grove, and Mine Run. For his services on the field at 
Gettysburg he received the official thanks of Major-Gen- 
eral Humphreys, commanding the division. 

He was placed on duty, in February, 1864, with Gen- 
eral A. T. Howe, inspector of artillery, and served at 
Harper's Ferry, Virginia, with that general, during Early's 
raid in the following summer, relieving General Sigel. 

He resigned in September, 1865, having been pro- 
moted brevet brigadier-general of volunteers, and re- 
sumed the practice of the law at Bangor, Maine, where 
he now resides. He has been city solicitor, register in 
bankruptcy, and is now United States commissioner and 
reporter of decisions of the Supreme Court of Maine. 
He served as member of the Maine Legislature in 1883 
and 1885, and was speaker of the House in 1885. He is 
author of the " Insolvent Laws of Maine." 

He is chairman of the Executive Committee of the 
Maine Gettysburg Commission, having presented to the 
Legislature the first memorial asking for funds, with 
which Maine has already erected sixteen monuments on 
that memorable field. 

He looks back with pride and pleasure upon his ser- 
vice in the field with the Excelsior, Jersey, and Massa- 
chusetts brigades of the Third Corps, among whose 
survivors he has many friends. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



229 



FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM H. NYE. U.S.V. 

First Lieutenant William H. Nye was born in 
Boston, Massachusetts, September 8, 1S33, and comes 
from good old Puritan stock. After receiving his educa- 
tion he engaged in the drug business at Fall River, Mas- 
sachusetts, and was thus engaged at the commencement 
of the war of the Rebellion, in 1 86 1. At the first call 
for three years' troops he enlisted and raised the first 
company (Company A) of the Seventh Massachusetts 
Infantry, and was mustered in as second lieutenant June 
15, 1 86 1. His regiment was soon ordered to the tie- 
fences of Washington City, and, after being engaged in 
that locality during the winter of 1861-62, took the field 
with the Army of the Potomac, under General McClel- 
lan, where it served during the entire Peninsular cam- 
paign, in Couch's division of Keyes's army corps. 

Lieutenant Nye was engaged with it in the siege of 
Yorktown, battles of Williamsburg, Fair ( )aks, and Mal- 
vern Hill, and was present during the entire series of the 
" seven days' battles before Richmond." He was pro- 
moted first lieutenant after the battle of Fair Oaks, and 
remained in command of Company C, Seventh Massa- 
chusetts Infantry, until the following December, 1862. 

Upon leaving the Peninsula, Lieutenant Nye, with his 
regiment, joined the army under General Pope, and was 
engaged in the battle of Second Hull Run, Virginia. He 
also participated in the Maryland campaign under Gen- 
eral McClellan, and was engaged in the battle of Antietam, 
Maryland. 

Owing to ill health, initiated by the malaria from the 
swamps of the Peninsula, and fostered by the fatigues 
incident to the long and tedious marches of the succeed- 
ing campaigns, Lieutenant Nye became incapacitated for 




duty after the battle of Antietam, and was honorably dis- 
charged, on surgeon's certificate of disability, December 
6, 1862. 

In 1865, Lieutenant Nye moved to Idaho and engaged 
in the drug business in Boise City, and has continued 
most of the time ever since in that occupation, at the 
present time being president of the Nye-Galbraith Drug 
Company. He became a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic March 20, 1884, as a charter member of 
Patrick Collins (now Phil. Sheridan) Post, and was post 
commander three years, when he was made the first 
commander of the Department of Idaho. He is also a 
companion of the California Commandery of the Loyal 
Legion, and a member of the Massachusetts Society of 
" Sons of the Revolution." 



230 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR ALPHONSO G. KELLAM, U.S.V. 

Major Alphonso G. Kellam was born in Livingston 
Count)-, New York, November 23, 1837. At an early 
age he removed with his parents to Scottsville, in the 
adjoining count}- of Monroe. After attending the schools 
oi that village, he spent two years at Genesee Wesleyan 
Seminary at Lima, New York. At nineteen he com- 
menced the study of law with D. D. S. Brown, of Scotts- 
ville. lie went West in the fall of i S57, and in the spring 
of 1858 resumed his law studies with Winsor Smith, of 
Elkhorn, Wisconsin. In the fall of 1860 he formed a 
partnership and commenced practice with A. S. Spooner, 
at Delavan, Walworth County, Wisconsin. In the sum- 
mer of 1862 he raised a company in that count} - , which 
became a part of the Twenty-second Wisconsin Infantry, 
and of which he was mustered in as captain. His regi- 
ment was in Kentucky and Tennessee until after the battle 
of Chickamauga. During that time he was provost- 
marshal, — first of Murfreesborough and afterwards of 
Tullahoma. In the earl}' spring of 1864, near Spring 



Hill, in Tennessee, he was captured, together with a large 
part of General Coburn's brigade, by the Confederate 
General Van Dorn, and taken to Libby Prison. After 
about three months he was exchanged, and immediately 
rejoined his regiment at St. Louis, where it had been 
ordered for reorganization. Returning with his regiment 
to Tennessee, he took part in the Atlanta campaign, being 
most of the time on staff duty with General Coburn. 
Upon the reorganization of the arm}- at Atlanta he became 
acting assistant adjutant-general on the staff of General 
Dustin, and went through with General Sherman to Savan- 
nah ; thence north to Washington, where he participated 
in the great review at the close of the war, being finally 
discharged at Milwaukee in July, 1865, as major of the 
regiment. 

Resuming the law practice at Delavan, Wisconsin, 
Major Kellam became, in 1868, a member of the State 
Legislature. In 1871 he removed to Hampton, Iowa. 
In 1 88 1 he became interested in the town site and other 
enterprises to be inaugurated at the new city of Chamber- 
lain, in Dakota, and became a resident of that place, which 
has since been his home. He soon became actively inter- 
ested in the work of dividing the Territory, and securing 
its admission to the Union as two States. He attended 
the first meeting called at Huron in the interest of State- 
hood, and was afterwards successively elected to the three 
Constitutional Conventions held in South Dakota, being 
the only person who was a member of all. He was chair- 
man of the South Dakota Commission, which, with a like- 
commission from North Dakota, constituted a joint com- 
mission under the act of Congress for the division of the 
assets and debts of the Territory between the two States. 
Upon the election of officers for the new State of South 
Dakota, he was elected one of the three judges of the 
Supreme Court, having been nominated by the Republican 
State Convention. This position he still holds. 

Major Kellam was married, in 1865, to Miss Clara 
Cole. They have one son, Fred. W., now eighteen years 
old, and a student in Yankton College. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



231 



BREVET MAJOR JEROME BYRON WHEELER, U.S.V. 

Brevet Major Jerome Byron Wheeler was born at 
Troy, New York, September 3, 1841. His grandparents 
on both the paternal and maternal side came from England, 
settling in Massachusetts, where his parents were born. 
Through his mother, whose maiden name was Emerson, 
connection is had with the great sage of Concord. In his 
early youth his parents removed to Waterford, New York, 
where the subject of our sketch received his education at 
the public schools. At the age of fifteen he began his 
business career as a clerk, and subsequently became em- 
ployed in one of the manufactories at the town of Water- 
ford. 

On September 3, 1861, his twenty-first birthday, Major 
Wheeler enlisted as a private in Company D, Sixth New 
York Cavalry. The regiment was sent to York, Pennsyl- 
vania, where it remained in barracks during the winter, and 
was then moved to Cloud's Mills, Virginia, where it was 
mounted. From almost the beginning of the war down 
to the very end at Appomattox, the Sixth New York was 
almost constantly engaged. Antietam, Fredericksburg, 
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Culpeper, the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Winchester, Appomattox, — 
these are but a few of the sixty or more engagements in 
which it bore an honored part. 

Colonel Devin, who commanded the regiment, first 
made Lieutenant Wheeler quartermaster-sergeant, and 
before he was twenty-two years old he was commissioned 
second lieutenant and assigned to the staff of Colonel 
Devin, subsequently being promoted first lieutenant and 
brigade quartermaster. Here he had an opportunity to 
develop those rare business talents which have character- 
ized his subsequent life. It is impossible in this brief 
sketch to quote the words of praise given him in the 
reports of his superior officers, such as General Wesley 
Merritt, General Thomas C. Devin, Colonel W. L. Heer- 
mance, Major James Cating, and others. " During his 
service on the brigade and division staff he was always 
at the front, even when his duties did not call him to the 
post of clanger ; and his zeal, tempered always as it was 
by good judgment, was not surpassed by that of any of 
those with whom he served," said Colonel Heermance. 

In 1864, during the battle of the Wilderness, he was 
ordered to report to General Grant's head-quarters, and 
given charge of an immense train of wounded, to be taken 
through Fredericksburg to the Potomac River, and to 
bring back supplies in the wagons. This was a perilous 
duty, through the enemy's country; but he accomplished 
it with remarkable tact, and returned with his charge to 
the front in extraordinarily quick time. 

In Meade's retreat from Culpeper, Lieutenant Wheel- 
er's train was suddenly attacked by Mosby and his band 
from an ambush. The train was captured, and Mosby 
was proceeding to appropriate it, when Wheeler rallied 




such troops as he could muster, led the charge, and with 
such effect that the wagons were speedily recaptured, 
together with several of the enemy's, and the guerillas 
put to flight. Nor was Lieutenant Wheeler denied a part 
in the Shenandoah Valley campaign, for it was he who 
dispatched his orderly with thing speed, bearing to 
Sheridan the tidings that the army was being pressed 
back from Cedar Creek ; and so it came that Sheridan's 
ride, "To Winchester, twenty miles away." 

At the termination of the war Lieutenant Wheeler was 
brevetted major, and in September, 1865, he was mustered 
out of service with his command. He was only twenty- 
four years old and without occupation, and so he drifted 
back to Troy, where he accepted the position of book- 
keeper. But this was too slow for his business capacity, 
and he went to New York City, where he first engaged in 
a subordinate capacity, and subsequently became a partner 
in the firm of Holt & Co. 

In 1870 Major Wheeler married Miss Harriet Macy 
Valentine, by whom he had two sons and two daughters ; 
but both the sons died. 

The death of his brother-in-law, R. M. Valentine, late 
of the firm of R. H. Macy & Co., eventually caused Major 
Wheeler to become a member of that firm ; but in 1882 
he made a trip to Colorado for the benefit of his health, 
and there, through an artist friend, he became interested 
in mining, and was one of the earliest that interested 
themselves in the Aspen Mine of Colorado, organizing the 
Aspen Smelting Company, and, with afar-seeing business 
eye, took a one-half interest in the lease of the wonderful 
Aspen Mine, from which, from the 1st of January to the 
22d of February, 1885, five hundred thousand ounces of 
silver were taken. Major Wheeler has since that time 
been engaged, in addition to his mining, in vast business 
interests tending to the development of Northwestern 
Colorado. 



23- 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL ROBERT P. DECHERT, U.S.V. 

Brigadier-General Robert P. Dechert, born in 
Reading, Pennsylvania, August 16, 1842. His maternal 
great-grandfather, General Andrew Porter, was a soldier 
of renown during the days of the American Revolution, 
having participated in that heroic struggle as commander 
of the First Pennsylvania Artillery. General Dechert's 
grandfather, Judge Robert Porter, after serving in the Rev- 
olutionary War as a lieutenant in his father's regiment, 
served thirty years on the bench. Judge Porter was a 
brother of the Governor, David R. Porter, of Pennsyl- 
vania. Another brother was John M. Porter, of Easton, 
who was appointed Secretary of War by President Tyler. 
Still another brother was George B. Porter, who was 
Governor of Michigan. 

Miss Todd, of Virginia, whom Abraham Lincoln mar- 
ried, was a descendant of this Porter family. 

General Dechert's father, Elijah Dechert, was a lawyer 
of high standing at the bar in Reading. General Dech- 
ert was educated at the classical academy of Professor E. 
D. Saunders, and a grammar school, and afterwards the 
Central High School of Philadelphia, from which he grad- 
uated in February, 1861. It was his intention to begin 
the study of law, but the war of the Rebellion changed 
his plans. Although not yet of age, he offered his ser- 
vices as a volunteer. Mustered into service in [une, 1861, 
he was assigned to the Twenty-ninth Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers. 

On January 8, 1862, while yet under twenty years of 
age, he was commissioned first lieutenant. On April 23, 



186;, h 



made captain of his company, and in No- 



vember of the following year was promote, 1 to the rank 
of major. On March 13, 1865,110 was brevetted lieu- 
tenant-colonel " for distinguished and meritorious services 
during the war." lie served in turn as an aide on the 



staff of Colonel George L. Andrews, Third Brigade, Second 
Division of the Twelfth Army Corps ; as aide to Briga- 
dier-General Thomas H. Ruger, of the Third Brigade, First 
Division of same corps, and now of the regular service; 
as aide on the staff of Major-General A. S. Williams, 
Twentieth Corps ; and ultimately on the staff of that 
daring and gallant commander, General Henry W. Slo- 
cum, of the Army of Georgia. For a time he was with 
General N. P. Banks, and participated in the many encoun- 
ters between that commander and the famous " Stonewall" 
Jackson ; and he took a conspicuous part in the disastrous 
campaign through Virginia under General Pope. In the 
battle of Antietam he performed admirable work under 
General George B. McClellan, and at Chancellorsville dis- 
tinguished himself by courage on that blood)' field. At 
Gettysburg, as assistant adjutant-general of the First Di- 
vision, Twelfth Army Corps, his heroic services merited 
and received honorable mention ; and on every field of 
carnage in which his command was engaged during the 
unprecedented and arduous campaign, known as Sher- 
man's March to the Sea, he was at his post of duty, a will- 
ing and able participant in the work on hand. 

He went to the war a bo) - fresh from school, and re- 
turned at the close of hostilities a veteran of four years' 
constant, active, and hazardous service, with the experi- 
ence of main- hard-fought battles behind him. He con- 
nected himself with the Gray Reserves of Philadelphia, 
and in November, 1867, was elected captain of Com- 
pany F. 

In November, 1869, he became a member of the re- 
nowned First Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry, of which 
in 1870 he became a sergeant. In 1 873 he was promoted 
to the rank of first sergeant, and in 1876 was advanced to 
cornet. 

But it was in the infantry service and in the Second 
Regiment that his services to the State, in perfecting and 
promoting the citizen soldiery known as the National 
Guard, have been most effective. 

In 1878 he was elected colonel of the regiment. He 
was twice re-elected colonel, and in 1890 was appointed 
brigadier-general of the National Guard of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

In 1884 General Dechert was elected city controller 
of Philadelphia. That year Blaine received in Philadelphia, 
for President, a majority of thirty thousand, while General 
Dechert, running on the Democratic ticket, was elected 
by sixteen thousand majority. In 1887 he was re-elected 
city controller by a large majority. 

General Dechert is unmarried. He is identified with 
a large number of organizations. He is president of the 
Sagamore Club of Philadelphia, and a member of the 
Penn Club, the Art Club, Bachelors' Barge Club, and 
various other social organizations. He is one of the 
early members of the Military Order of the Loyal Letrion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



233 



MAJOR-GENERAL FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR, JR., 
U.S.V. (deceased). 

Major-General Francis Preston Blair, Jr., was 
born- in Lexington, Kentucky, February 19, 1821. He 
was the son of Francis P. Blair, Sr., and P'liza Gist. His 
father belonged on one side to the Blairs who were iden- 
tified with Princeton College, and had in it many dis- 
tinguished men, and on the other to the Preston family, 
which counted among its members some of the most 
eminent men of our country. His mother was the 
daughter of Nathaniel Gist, the man who went as Gen- 
eral Washington's guide to Fort Duquesne, and who 
came of a family dating back to Oliver Cromwell, and 
containing many men of distinction as soldiers and 
civilians. 

The subject of this sketch spent the first nine years of 
his life in Kentucky, a few years in Washington City, 
and was then sent to a school in Alexandria, and then to 
the College of Chapel Hill, in North Carolina. He re- 
mained there two years, then went to Princeton. After 
being graduated there, he studied law in Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, and settled in St. Louis in 1843, having formed a 
law partnership with his brother, Montgomery Blair. In 
1845, his health being impaired, he went to New Mexico. 
While there the Mexican War broke out, and he joined 
General Kearny as an aide and scout ; having become 
familiar with the country and the people, he rendered 
invaluable service to Kearny's command. He gained 
reputation as a soldier during this campaign. 

He returned to Missouri in 1847, and in 1852 he was 
elected to the Missouri Legislature as a Freesoiler. In 
the autumn of 1856 Mr. Blair was nominated by the 
Republicans of St. Louis for Congress, and defeated Mr. 
Kennett, the pro-slavery candidate. He was one of the 
first and warmest advocates of the construction of a rail- 
road from Missouri to the Pacific Ocean, a thing then 
thought so impossible as to be almost quixotic. 

He was returned to Congress in 185S, and again in 
1S60. 

He was a warm supporter of Mr. Lincoln during the 
first session of the Thirty-seventh Congress. At the 
close of the session he returned to Missouri and occupied 
himself in raising troops. He attended the second ses- 
sion of this Congress, filling with great ability the exact- 
ing position of chairman of the Military Committee. At 
the close of this session he was requested by the Secre- 
tary of War to raise a brigade of volunteers in his own 
State, where, owing to his great popularity, he was soon 
successful. On the 7th of August, 1862, he was com- 
missioned brigadier-general, and his brigade attached to 
General Steele's division, which joined General Sherman's 
command at Helena. All histories of the war tell of his 
gallant achievements at Chickasaw Bluffs and in all the 
battles of the terrible campaigns around Vicksburg. For 
3° 




gallantry in these battles he was promoted to major-gen- 
eral of volunteers, and commanded first the Fifteenth 
and afterwards the Seventeenth Corps in Sherman's 
" March to the Sea," and remained with the army, par- 
ticipating in .ill the great battles, until the close of the 
war. 

Brave and gallant soldier as he was, and uncompro- 
misingly hostile as he was to the enemies of his country, 
when the war was over, and the Southern army had laid 
down their arms, he at once arrayed himself against those 
who were in favor of continuing to treat Southern people 
as enemies, and with voice and pen constantly urged the 
adoption of a liberal and humane policy. From this 
time he united with the Democratic party. 

lie was nominated for the Vice-Presidency on the 
ticket with Mr. Seymour in 1868, and in the same year 
served as <rovernment commissioner on the Union Pacific 
Railway, and was elected to the United States Senate in 

1872. 

Exposure during his four years of active service in the 
war, during which he suffered with malignant fevers con- 
tracted in the swamps near Vicksburg, and from a severe 
injury received by the kick of an artillery horse, and the 
constant strain of ceaseless labor and anxiety, at length 
undermined a constitution that seemed hard as granite, 
and in 1873 he was stricken with paralysis, and after a 
long, and painful illness, borne with matchless fortitude 
and patience, he died in July, 1875. 

lie died a poor man. He cared not for wealth, and 
gave what he made freely for his country. The value of 
his life and services to the State of Missouri are ines- 
timable, and the loving gratitude in which his memory is 
held by' his fellow-citizens of St. Louis and Missouri has 
been a heritage to those who bear his name more price- 
less than all the treasures of the earth. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




MAJOR SMITH TOWNSHEND. U.S.V. 

M \|(ik Smith Townshend was born in Prince George's 
County, Maryland, December 13, 1836. His parents 
moved to Washington while he was still in his teens. In 
1856 he travelled as far West as Illinois, and from there 
drifted to Colorado in 1859. The declaration of war 
between the States brought him back in the spring of 
1 Si>i, and he espoused the Union cause at the first oppor- 
tunity which presented itself, and enlisted in the First 
Kansas Regiment at Leavenworth, Kansas, on the 29th 
of May, [86l, as a private soldier, and received a serious 
wound at the first battle of the war, that of Wilson's Creek, 
Missouri, where the gallant General Lyon was killed. 

Major Townshend was honorably discharged in conse- 
quence of disability from a wound, and, returning to Illini lis, 
proceeded to assist in the raising of the Thirty-second 1 



Illinois Infantry before his wound had healed. He was 
commissioned by Governor Yates as first lieutenant of 
Company F in the regiment. In his first engagement 
with that regiment, at the battle of Shiloh, he was shot 
entirely through the body, and promoted from a lieu- 
tenancy, the position he then held, to be captain. After 
recovering from this wound he rejoined his regiment, and 
was again wounded at Little Hatchie, Mississippi ; again 
at Kenesaw Mountain ; at the siege of Vicksburg, and 
at Bentonville, the last battle of the war. 

He was elected major after the battle of Atlanta, and 
commanded his regiment on Sherman's " March to the 
Sea." 

Major Townshend was elected lieutenant-colonel, but 
the loss of nine men at the battle of Bentonville prevented 
his receiving commission under the law respecting quota. 
He served at different times on the staff of Generals 
Gresham, Giles A. Smith, and Belknap, and participated 
in twenty-six pitched battles, being wounded six times. 

After the war he commanded his regiment (which had 
re-enlisted as a whole) on the march from Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, to Fort Kearney, having been ordered to Salt 
Lake. Here the order was countermanded, and the regi- 
ment returned to Fort Leavenworth, and he was mustered 
out on the same ground where he had been mustered in. 

Upon leaving the army he proceeded to complete his 
education at Shurtleff College, Illinois, and then studied 
medicine while employed as a clerk in the Treasury De- 
partment at Washington, graduating from the National 
Medical College in 1869. 

Major Townshend was appointed health-officer of the 
District of Columbia under the provisions of the perma- 
nent form of government act on July 9, 1878, and held the 
office for over fourteen years. He is now enjoying a 
lucrative practice of his profession in the capital city. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM D. WILDMAN, U.S.V. 

Captain William D. Wildman was born in Galveston, 
Texas, September i, 1 841, being the eldest son of Anson 
B. and Lavica Foman Wildman, deceased. His father 
was a surgeon for the army in the Mexican War, his 
grandfather was a soldier of 18 12-14, anc " his great- 
grandfather a soldier of the Revolutionary War. The 
family is traced to 1442, in Yorkshire, England, the imme- 
diate ancestors of the subject of this sketch emigrating to 
this country in its early settlement, locating in and near 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

Captain Wildman was left an orphan at nine years of 
age, and was taken by an uncle to Northern Indiana, now 
Lagrange County, where he lived with different parties, 
generally on a farm, until 1859, when he entered the 
Wolcottville Academy, and remained in school until April 
13, 1861. 

During the night of April 14, after the first fire on 
Fort Sumter, he walked twenty-six miles to Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, and before breakfast on the 15th he enlisted 
in a company called the " Alert Guards," which sub- 
sequently became Company G, Twelfth Indiana In- 
fanta-. He had not a dollar's worth of property of any 
kind, and owed fifteen dollars for his tuition, which he 
paid out of the first money he received from the govern- 
ment. 

From May, 1 861, to March, 1862, the regiment was 
on duty on the Ohio and Potomac Rivers, and during 
the month of November, 1861, while Wildman was em- 
ployed scouting on the Virginia side of the Potomac, 
he and James Strouse were captured in Martinsburg. 
They were taken to Winchester and confined in a two- 
story brick house, from which Wildman escaped De- 
cember 21, by jumping from a second-story window, and 
making his way to his regiment at Dam No. 4, arriving 
there on Christmas Day, which was a memorable one to 
him. 

He participated with his command in the Valley cam- 
paign of 1862, and marched thence to Fredericksburg, 
Virginia, and was discharged in May, 1862, at Washington 
City, by reason of expiration of service. He then helped 
to organize a company in Lagrange Count}-, and was 
commissioned first lieutenant and assigned to Company G, 
Eighty-eighth Indiana Infantry. He participated in the 
battle of Chaplin's Hills, October 8, 1862, after which he 
was detailed on the staff of Colonel J. G. Jones. He was 
taken sick upon the arrival of the command at Nashville, 
and was sent to hospital. He joined his command Decem- 
ber 30, and participated in the battle of Murfreesborough, 
leading the left wing of his regiment in the Saturday 
night's fight by the Eighty-eighth Indiana and Third 
Ohio. He was honorably mentioned for meritorious 
conduct on this occasion. 

Captain Wildman also participated in the battles of 



235 




Tullahoma, Chickamauga, and Horse-shoe Ridge, where 
he was slightly wounded September 20, 1863. In the 
reorganization at Chattanooga he was assigned to the 
First Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth Corps, in which 
he served until the close of the war, participating in the 
battles of Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge, Novem- 
ber 23 and 25, 1863. After these battles he was sent to 
Indiana on recruiting service, and while there was com- 
missioned captain Company I, Eighty-eighth Indiana 
Infantry, March 4, 1864. He joined his regiment in front 
of Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 20, 1864, and par- 
ticipated in the Atlanta campaign, beini; engaged in all 
the battles in which the Fourteenth Corps took part, being 
again slightly wounded at Peach-tree Creek. He made 
the " March to the Sea," and while in command of a de- 
tachment sent out to forage, having gathered boats to 
cross the Savannah River, three steamers were dis- 
covered coming down the river. The detachment bat- 
teries opened on them ; one was grounded, but the others 
escaped, and Captain Wildman was the first Union sol- 
dier to board the grounded steamer. Crossing the Sa- 
vannah River, an abundance of forage was found, and, 
after a sharp skirmish with Hampton's cavalry, recrossed 
in safety. 

( iaptain Wildman marched through the Carolinas, being 
engaged at Averysborough, North Carolina, March 16, 
1865, and opened the battle of Bentonville, North Caro- 
lina. He was with the army at Goldsborough, and on 
the outposts when Johnston surrendered. He u as h< mor- 
ably mustered out of service June 7, 1865. 

At the close of the war Captain Wildman entered 
into business pursuits in the East, but his health giving 
way, in 1868 he moved to Nebraska, married Miss 
Sarah McMurray in 1873, and now resides at Cul- 
berson, Nebraska, where he is engaged in the real estate 
business. 



2j6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (volunteer) 




BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL LEWIS B. PARSONS, 

u.s.v. 

Brevet Major-General Lewis B. Parsons is de- 
scended from old English ancestry. "Cornet" Joseph 
Parsons, his paternal ancestor, emigrated to Boston in 
July, 1635, and was one of the original settlers and pro- 
prietors of Springfield and Northampton, Massachusetts. 

On the maternal side he is descended from Charles 
Hoar, of Gloucester, England, whose widow, Joanna, 
with a large family, emigrated to Boston in 1640, and 
from whom are descended the families of that name in 
New England. Captain Charles Parsons, the grandfather 
of General Parsons, was an officer of the Revolution, serv- 
ing from Ticonderoga to (Valley Forge and) Vorktown, 
being severely wounded at Monmouth. 

Lewis B. Parsons, father of General Parsons, was a suc- 
cessful merchant, a citizen of high standing, ami the 
founder of Parsons College, Iowa. General Parsons was 
born in Genesee Count}-, New York, April 5, 1818; grad- 
uated at Yale College in 1840 and at the Law School of 
Harvard University in 1844. Emigrating to Alton, Illi- 
nois, the same year, he was successive]}- city attorney and 
attorney, treasurer, and president of the Ohio & Missis- 
sippi Railroad. Entering the army in 1 861, he was ordered 
to St. Louis, Missouri, and served first on a military com- 
mission with General (then Captain) Phil. Sheridan. 

April 4, [862, Captain Parsons was promoted to the 
rank of colonel and aide-de-camp on the staff of Major- 
General Halleck, who, on account of his railroad ex- 
perience, placed him in charge of arm}- transportation. 
Soon after, on the order of the Secretary of War, Colonel 
Parsons was made "chief of rail and river transporta- 
tion" of the armies of the West and Southwest, with 
head-quarters at St. Louis. In 1864 Secretary Stanton 
ordered him to Washington, extending his duties to the 



entire country. May 11, 1865, on the autographic order 
of President Lincoln, for distinguished services, he was 
promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, and on re- 
tiring from the service, April 30, 1866, was brevetted 
major-general of volunteers. 

General Parsons's eminent executive ability and suc- 
cess in the rapid movements of large armies for long- 
distances, with their vast supplies and munitions of war, 
elicited the highest commendations of President Lincoln, 
Secretary Stanton, Generals Grant, Sherman, and others, 
and were, among other instances, shown in the move- 
ment of General Sherman's army of forty thousand men 
for the first attack on Vicksburg, as also in the trans- 
fer of General Schofield's army from Eastport, Missis- 
sippi, over the Alleghany Mountains to the Potomac, in 
midwinter, a distance of fourteen hundred miles, in an 
average time of eleven days, instead of thirty allowed by 
the Secretary of War. This movement was pronounced 
by the Secretary, as also by English and French authori- 
ties, as unequalled in rapidity and success in the annals of 
war. General Parsons's duties kept him mostly from the 
field, but when present, during several engagements, he 
volunteered as aide and received special commendation 
for services rendered. 

His record of duty is perhaps best shown by the follow-